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1.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(1): 123-128, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30738458

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of C/EBPα gene in elderly patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and its prognostic significance. METHODS: Sixty-nine olderly patients with multiple myeloma (MM) treated in our hospital from February 2015 to October 2017 were selected and enrolled in the MM group, 38 healthy persons received physical examination were selected and enrolled in the control group. The bone marrow of 2 groups was collected and the mononuclear cells were isolated.The mRNA expression level of C/EBPα gene in mononuclear cells was determined by RT-PCR, the Western blot was used to detect the protin expression level of PBMNC C/EBPα, and the protein level of C/EBPα in bone marrow was detected by immunohistochemistry. The correlations of C/EBPα gene expression with the clinical characteristics and survival time in MM patients were analyzed. RESULTS: The expression level of mRNA and protein of C/EBPα in MM patients was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). The expression level of C/EBPα gene significantly correlated with the ISS stage, CRP, Calcium, ß2-MG, LDH and the percentage of myeloma cells in MM patients (P<0.05). The expression of C/EBPα gene was not correlate with sex, age, immunoglobulin typing, Hb in MM patients (P>0.05).Immunohistochemical staining showed that the bone marrow samples of the control group were stained more deeply, and the staining intensity in bone marrow samples of MM patients with CR, PR and relapse was successively descended. The protein level of C/EBPα in CR patients with MM was significantly higher than that in PR and relapsed patients by Western blot (P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that OS and DFS in the patients with high expression of C/EBPα gene were higher than those in low expression group (P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that CRP,ratio of myeloma cells and C/EBPα gene were independent factors affecting OS and PFS (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The expression level of C/EBPα gene in MM patients is low that may stimulate the genesis of MM, and the expression of C/EBPα gene closely relates with the development of MM disease.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Idoso , Medula Óssea , Proteína alfa Estimuladora de Ligação a CCAAT , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico
2.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 34(1): 8-11, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23597456

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of the HCT-CI score in chemotherapy risk assessment and prognosis of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS: The clinical data of 116 AML patients older than 60 years in the department of Hematology, Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2000 to December 2010 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received cytarabine-based regimens, including protocol DA, MA, IA, AA or CAG, followed by cytarabine-based postremission treatment. (1) Comorbidities were evaluated by using HCT-CI score, the early death rates and median survival time were compared among these different groups. (2) These prognostic factors were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: (1) All 116 cases were followed-up. The patient cohort was divided into those with HCT-CI scores of 0, 1 or 2, or ≥ 3. Early death rates were 3.7%, 12.1% and 23.21% in above three groups, respectively (P < 0.01). Overall survival were 345, 225 and 113 days, respectively (P < 0.01). (2) HCT-CI score ≥ 3 (P < 0.01), antecedent MDS history (P = 0.035), high-risk karyotype (P = 0.018), white blood cells at diagnosis ≥ 100×10(9)/L (P = 0.041) were independent adverse prognostic factors with multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: (1) The HCT-CI score can objectively assess elderly AML patients with comorbidities and predict chemotherapy risk in older patients receiving AML induction therapy. (2) Antecedent MDS history, high-risk karyotype, high white blood cell, and HCT-CI score ≥ 3 are independent adverse prognostic factors of elderly AML patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 33(8): 657-9, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23134863

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic value and safety of percutaneous lung biopsy in hematologic patients with lung infection. METHODS: 28 cases hematologic patients received CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy when they developed a fever associated with pulmonary nodules or lumps in CT scan whose clinical diagnosis were unclear during or after chemotherapy. Sample of each lesion were drawn twice. The lung tissue was re-scanned after lung biopsy to check up in order to discover bleeding and pneumothorax. Biopsy tissue was examined by bacteria culture, acid-fast staining and pathology. Pathological examination contained HE staining, acid-fast stain, PAS stain, TB-DNA, methenamine silver and others. RESULTS: 28 cases contain 24 males and 4 females. Median age was 40 15 - 77 years old. Blood tests were as follows: 3 cases with HGB > 110 g/L, 9 with HGB 90 - 110 g/L, 12 with HGB 60 - 89 g/L, 4 with HGB < 60 g/L. 8 with WBC > 10×10(9)/L, 6 with WBC (4 - 10)×10(9)/L, 13 with WBC < 4×10(9)/L, 1 with WBC < 2×10(9)/L; 14 with PLT > 100×10(9)/L, 5 with PLT (50 - 100)×10(9)/L, 5 with PLT < 50×10(9)/L, 4 with PLT < 30×10(9)/L. 4 cases had mild extended PT, 3 mild extended APTT, 3 FIB lower than normal. Lung CT scans were as follows: 4 cases with simply lesion in right lung, 4 with simply lesion in left lung, 20 with lesions in bilateral lung. 8 cases were diagnosed as fungal infection, 3 as tuberculosis infection, 1 as lung cancer, 1 as pulmonary infiltration of lymphoma, 1 as pulmonary infiltration of leukemia, and 14 as inflammatory changes with no specific diagnosis. 4 cases came with pneumothorax during lung biopsy, mild to moderate in 3 cases and severe in 1 case. Severe patient turned better after CT-guided suction. 3 cases with mild hemoptysis turned better after treatment. CONCLUSION: When hematopathy patients are with pulmonary nodules or lumps in CT scan whose clinical diagnosis is unclear, CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy is safe and conducive to early diagnosis and conducive to early rehabilitation of patients if the coagulation function is basically normal and platelet count is not too low.


Assuntos
Biópsia , Doenças Hematológicas/patologia , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Doenças Hematológicas/microbiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
4.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 14(10): 792-5, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23092575

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of ginsenoside on apoptosis of human leukemia-60 (HL-60) cells and its mechanism. METHODS: MTT cytotoxicity assay was used to determine the growth inhibition activity of ginsenoside (100, 50, 25, 12.5, 6.25, 3.125 and 1.5625 µmol/L) on HL-60 cells. The apoptosis of HL-60 cells after treatment with ginsenoside (0,5,10 and 20 µmol/L) was determined by Annexin V-FITC/PI staining and flow cytometry. The cleavage of total proteins by caspase-8, caspase-9 and caspase-3 was evaluated by Western blot. The cleavage of caspase-3 protein was detected by Western blot after treatment with 10 µmol/L ginsenoside and caspase-8 and 9 inhibitors. RESULTS: Ginsenoside had potent cytotoxicity on HL-60 cells, with an IC50 value of 7.3±1.2 µmol/L. After treatment with ginsenoside (0, 5, 10 and 20 µmol/L) for 48 hours, the apoptotic rate displayed a dose dependency, as shown by flow cytometry, with significant differences between the groups (F=12.67, P<0.01). Western blot showed that there were caspase-9 and caspase-3 cleavage bands, but without caspase-8 cleavage band. The specific inhibitor of caspase-9 Z-LEHD-FMK could block the caspase-3 cleavage induced by 10 µmol/L ginsenoside, but the specific inhibitor of caspase-8 Z-IETD-FMK did not have this effect. CONCLUSIONS: Ginsenoside can induce apoptosis of HL-60 cells, which may be related to a mitochondria-dependent pathway.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Caspase 9/fisiologia , Inibidores de Caspase/farmacologia , Células HL-60 , Humanos
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