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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(21): e19883, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481253

RESUMO

Although Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), tryptophan-2,3-dioxygenase (TDO), and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) are involved in cancer immune escape, their prognostic impact on diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is unknown.To examine the prognostic impact of IDO, TDO, and AHR on patients with DLBCL.This was a retrospective study on treatment-naïve patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL at the Henan Province People's Hospital between 01/2012 and 06/2015. Patients with inflammatory reactive lymph nodes were included as controls. All cases were reviewed by 2 pathologists. IDO, TDO, and AHR positivity was determined through immunochemistry. Survival was examined using the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariable Cox analyses.The positive expression of TDO (50.0% vs 16.7%, P = .005) and AHR (60.0% vs 8.3%, P < .001) were higher in DLBCL than in inflammatory control. The overall survival of IDO, TDO, and AHR positive expression in DLBCL patients was 34.6, 26.7, and 32.2 months, respectively, which is significantly shorter than that of the corresponding negative patients (49.0 months, P = .04; 58.2 months, P < .001; 58.0 months, P < .001; respectively). The multivariable analysis showed that TDO expression and Ann-Arbor stage were independently associated with PFS (TDO: HR = 8.347, 95%CI: 2.992-23.289, P < .001; stage: HR = 2.729, 95%CI: 1.571-4.739, P < .001) and OS (TDO: HR = 9.953, 95%CI: 3.228-30.686, P < .001; stage: HR = 2.681, 95%CI: 1.524-4.719, P = .001) in DLBCL patients.Overexpression of IDO, TDO, and AHR is associated with poor survival of patients with DLBCL and could be involved in the immune escape of cancer cells. Further studies are necessary to determine whether these proteins can be targeted by treatment regimens.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/fisiologia , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/fisiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/fisiologia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Triptofano Oxigenase/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/biossíntese , Feminino , Humanos , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/biossíntese , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/biossíntese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Triptofano Oxigenase/biossíntese , Adulto Jovem
2.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 20(7): e382-e391, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32336675

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to explore the outcomes of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (ATO) plus idarubicin (IDA) as a frontline treatment in adult patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the outcomes of ATRA and intravenous ATO plus IDA as a frontline induction therapy in 118 patients with APL with high-risk (HR) and standard-risk (SR) disease from January 2008 to December 2017. The medical records of 118 patients with APL (HR, n = 45; SR, n = 73) who received the frontline triple combination regimen at Henan Provincial People's Hospital and Tongji Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Consolidation therapy comprised 6 cycles of ATO and ATRA plus IDA, and IDA was administered in 1 to 4 cycles of consolidation therapy based on the comparable clinical efficacy compared with 6 cycles and fewer side effects to myocardium without subsequent maintenance therapy. RESULTS: Of 118 patients, there were 3 (2.5%) early deaths and 115 (97.5%) hematologic complete remissions; 102 (88.7%) of 115 patients achieved molecular complete remission following induction therapy, and all patients were polymerase chain reaction-negative for promyelocytic leukemia-retinoic acid receptor alpha after the first cycle of consolidation therapy. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were 93.0% ± 2.9% and 92.4% ± 3.0%, respectively. Early death, hematologic complete remissions, molecular complete remissions, and toxicities were comparable between the HR and SR groups. The cumulative incidence of relapse in the HR group was 4.7% (n = 2), and the cumulative incidence of relapse in the SR group was 0. The OS and EFS of the SR and HR groups were comparable (92.3% ± 4.5% vs. 92.8% ± 4.0%; X2 = 0.263; P = .608; 92.3% ± 4.5% vs. 91.1% ± 4.2%, X2 = 0.917; P = .338). The total dosage of IDA was approximately 181 to 258 mg, and no patient experienced cardiotoxicity. OS and EFS were not influenced by fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 internal tandem duplication mutation status (P = .405 and P = .528, respectively). CONCLUSION: The triple combination of ATRA and ATO plus IDA as both an induction and consolidation therapy for the HR and SR groups attained excellent outcomes, and this regimen was effective, safe, and easy, without maintenance therapy. The triple combination treatment might be a preferred frontline therapy for patients with APL, especially for those with HR or the APL fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 internal tandem duplication mutation.

3.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 7047-7063, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440093

RESUMO

Purpose: This study screened serum proteins to identify potential biomarkers for childhood B-cell and T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Patients and methods: Serum collected from 20 newly diagnosed B-cell ALL, 20 T-cell ALL and 20 healthy children. The peptides from these samples were subjected to iTRAQ. Differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were further validated by ELISA in 24 B-ALL, 24 T-ALL, and 24 healthy children. Results: Bioinformatics analysis revealed several pathways, including atherosclerosis signaling, interleukin signaling and production in macrophages and clathrin-mediated endocytosis signaling, that were closely related to childhood T-cell ALL. Furthermore, four selected proteins, namely LRG1, S100A8, SPARC and sL-selectin, were verified by ELISA. These results were consistent with the results of the proteomics analysis. Conclusion: Serum S100A8 may serve as new diagnostic biomarkers in childhood B-cell ALL and T-cell ALL.

4.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(1): 123-128, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30738458

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of C/EBPα gene in elderly patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and its prognostic significance. METHODS: Sixty-nine olderly patients with multiple myeloma (MM) treated in our hospital from February 2015 to October 2017 were selected and enrolled in the MM group, 38 healthy persons received physical examination were selected and enrolled in the control group. The bone marrow of 2 groups was collected and the mononuclear cells were isolated.The mRNA expression level of C/EBPα gene in mononuclear cells was determined by RT-PCR, the Western blot was used to detect the protin expression level of PBMNC C/EBPα, and the protein level of C/EBPα in bone marrow was detected by immunohistochemistry. The correlations of C/EBPα gene expression with the clinical characteristics and survival time in MM patients were analyzed. RESULTS: The expression level of mRNA and protein of C/EBPα in MM patients was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). The expression level of C/EBPα gene significantly correlated with the ISS stage, CRP, Calcium, ß2-MG, LDH and the percentage of myeloma cells in MM patients (P<0.05). The expression of C/EBPα gene was not correlate with sex, age, immunoglobulin typing, Hb in MM patients (P>0.05).Immunohistochemical staining showed that the bone marrow samples of the control group were stained more deeply, and the staining intensity in bone marrow samples of MM patients with CR, PR and relapse was successively descended. The protein level of C/EBPα in CR patients with MM was significantly higher than that in PR and relapsed patients by Western blot (P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that OS and DFS in the patients with high expression of C/EBPα gene were higher than those in low expression group (P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that CRP,ratio of myeloma cells and C/EBPα gene were independent factors affecting OS and PFS (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The expression level of C/EBPα gene in MM patients is low that may stimulate the genesis of MM, and the expression of C/EBPα gene closely relates with the development of MM disease.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Idoso , Medula Óssea , Proteína alfa Estimuladora de Ligação a CCAAT , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico
5.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(5): 975-980, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30658223

RESUMO

We compared the outcomes of immunosuppressive therapy (IST) with those of T cell-replete haploidentical donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) in children and adolescents with severe aplastic anemia (SAA). The medical records of 49 patients with SAA who received frontline IST (n = 29) or frontline haplo-HSCT (n = 20) between 2012 and 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Fourteen patients responded after the first IST, and 1 patient responded after the second IST in the frontline IST group; 12 patients underwent salvage HSCT after IST failure. Sixteen of the 20 patients who underwent frontline haplo-HSCT survived without treatment failure. The 3-year overall survival of the frontline IST group was comparable to that of the frontline haplo-HSCT group (79.3 ± 7.5% versus 85.0 ± 8.0%; χ2 = 0.110; P = .740). The 3-year failure-free survival was lower in the frontline IST group compared with the frontline haplo-HSCT group (35.9 ± 10.9% versus 80.0 ± 8.9%; χ2 = 4.089; P = .043). Five patients of the IST group who underwent salvage HSCT achieved long survival without event. The event-free survival was lower in the salvage HSCT group compared with the haplo-HSCT group (41.7 ± 14.2% versus 80.0 ± 8.9%; χ2 = 3.992; P = .046), and the incidences of acute GVHD, grade II-IV acute GVHD, chronic GVHD, and severe infection were comparable between the 2 groups. Our results suggest that frontline haplo-HSCT may be a better treatment than IST for children and adolescents with SAA who lack an HLA age-matched familial donor.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Imunossupressão/métodos , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Transplante Haploidêntico/métodos , Adolescente , Anemia Aplástica/mortalidade , Criança , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Imunossupressão/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Haploidêntico/mortalidade , Transplante Haploidêntico/normas , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Cell Biochem ; 119(8): 6604-6613, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29693748

RESUMO

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is one of the most common and most malign childhood cancers. In this work, we investigated the expression and function of human mature microRNA-9 (miR-9) in ALL. In ALL in vitro cell lines and in situ clinical specimens, gene expression of miR-9 was tested by qRT-PCR. MiR-9 was overexpressed in CEM/C1 and Molt-3 cells to investigate its possible anti-cancer effects on ALL in vitro proliferation, cell-cycle progression, and in vivo explant growth. The possible downstream target of miR-9, neuropilin-1 (NRP1), was examined by dual-luciferase activity assay, qRT-PCR, and Western blot. NRP1was upregulated in miR-9-overexpressed CEM/C1 and Molt-3 cells to investigate the functional involvement of NRP1 in miR-9-mediated regulation on ALL in vitro proliferation and cell-cycle progression. MiR-9 was downregulated in ALL cell lines and leukemic T-cells of ALL patients. Lentivirus-mediated miR-9 overexpression inhibited ALL in vitro proliferation, cell-cycle progression, and in vivo explant growth. NRP1 was confirmed be the downstream target of miR-9, and inversely modulated by miR-9 in ALL. NRP1 upregulation reversed the anti-cancer regulations of miR-9 on ALL in vitro proliferation and cell-cycle progression. MiR-9 is downregulated in ALL. Overexpressing miR-9 may inhibit ALL development, possible through its downstream target of NRP1.


Assuntos
Ciclo Celular , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Neuropilina-1/biossíntese , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/metabolismo , RNA Neoplásico/biossíntese , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Neuropilina-1/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , RNA Neoplásico/genética
7.
Saudi J Biol Sci ; 25(2): 242-247, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29472772

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the role of DR4 gene in the occurrence, development and prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), find a new regulatory gene of Decitabine for the treatment of AML, namely DR4 gene, and explore the molecular mechanism of AML in the treatment of AML. Methods: The methylation level and the mRNA expression level of DR4 gene promoters of bone marrow mononuclear cells in 122 patients with newly diagnosed AML and 24 patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) were detected using Methylation specific PCR (MS-PCR) and Q-RT-PCR, respectively, and a correlation analysis of them was conducted. The effects of Decitabine on the proliferation of K562 cells were detected using CCK-8 assay. Then, the effects of Decitabine on the methylation level and the mRNA expression level of DR4 genes of K562 cells treated with Decitabine were detected using MS-PCR and Q-RT-PCR, respectively. The effects of Decitabine on the cell cycle and apoptosis of K562 cells were detected using flow cytometry. Results: Compared with the control group, the methylation level (P = .002) of DR4 genes of bone marrow mononuclear cells in patients with newly diagnosed AML was high. The methylation level (P = .01) of DR4 genes of bone marrow mononuclear cells in patients of the positive group of enlargement of liver, spleen and lymph node was lower than that of the negative group, and the methylation level (P = .006) of DR4 genes in patients of the high risk group of clinical stage was lower than that of the low risk group, and the methylation level (P = .03) of DR4 genes in patients of the group where patients did not achieve complete remission (CR1) after a course of induction chemotherapy was lower than that of the group where patients achieved complete remission (CR1) after a course of induction chemotherapy. There was a significant negative correlation (P < .01) between the methylation level and the mRNA expression level of DR4 genes of bone marrow mononuclear cells in 122 patients with newly diagnosed AML. After the K562 cells were treated with Decitabine for 48 h, the methylation level of DR4 gene promoters gradually decreased, while the mRNA expression level of DR4 genes gradually increased, both of which showed a concentration-dependent relationship. After the K562 cells were treated with 5 µmol/L Decitabine for 48 h, the K562 cells in G0/G1 phase and G2/M phase increased significantly, and the K562 cells in S phase decreased significantly. Conclusion: DR4 gene played an important role in the occurrence and development of AML. Decitabine can effectively inhibit the proliferation of K562 cells, which probably partly because it can terminate the methylation effect of DR4 gene promoters and restore the mRNA expression of DR4 genes.

8.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 34(1): 8-11, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23597456

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of the HCT-CI score in chemotherapy risk assessment and prognosis of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS: The clinical data of 116 AML patients older than 60 years in the department of Hematology, Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2000 to December 2010 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received cytarabine-based regimens, including protocol DA, MA, IA, AA or CAG, followed by cytarabine-based postremission treatment. (1) Comorbidities were evaluated by using HCT-CI score, the early death rates and median survival time were compared among these different groups. (2) These prognostic factors were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: (1) All 116 cases were followed-up. The patient cohort was divided into those with HCT-CI scores of 0, 1 or 2, or ≥ 3. Early death rates were 3.7%, 12.1% and 23.21% in above three groups, respectively (P < 0.01). Overall survival were 345, 225 and 113 days, respectively (P < 0.01). (2) HCT-CI score ≥ 3 (P < 0.01), antecedent MDS history (P = 0.035), high-risk karyotype (P = 0.018), white blood cells at diagnosis ≥ 100×10(9)/L (P = 0.041) were independent adverse prognostic factors with multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: (1) The HCT-CI score can objectively assess elderly AML patients with comorbidities and predict chemotherapy risk in older patients receiving AML induction therapy. (2) Antecedent MDS history, high-risk karyotype, high white blood cell, and HCT-CI score ≥ 3 are independent adverse prognostic factors of elderly AML patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 33(8): 657-9, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23134863

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic value and safety of percutaneous lung biopsy in hematologic patients with lung infection. METHODS: 28 cases hematologic patients received CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy when they developed a fever associated with pulmonary nodules or lumps in CT scan whose clinical diagnosis were unclear during or after chemotherapy. Sample of each lesion were drawn twice. The lung tissue was re-scanned after lung biopsy to check up in order to discover bleeding and pneumothorax. Biopsy tissue was examined by bacteria culture, acid-fast staining and pathology. Pathological examination contained HE staining, acid-fast stain, PAS stain, TB-DNA, methenamine silver and others. RESULTS: 28 cases contain 24 males and 4 females. Median age was 40 15 - 77 years old. Blood tests were as follows: 3 cases with HGB > 110 g/L, 9 with HGB 90 - 110 g/L, 12 with HGB 60 - 89 g/L, 4 with HGB < 60 g/L. 8 with WBC > 10×10(9)/L, 6 with WBC (4 - 10)×10(9)/L, 13 with WBC < 4×10(9)/L, 1 with WBC < 2×10(9)/L; 14 with PLT > 100×10(9)/L, 5 with PLT (50 - 100)×10(9)/L, 5 with PLT < 50×10(9)/L, 4 with PLT < 30×10(9)/L. 4 cases had mild extended PT, 3 mild extended APTT, 3 FIB lower than normal. Lung CT scans were as follows: 4 cases with simply lesion in right lung, 4 with simply lesion in left lung, 20 with lesions in bilateral lung. 8 cases were diagnosed as fungal infection, 3 as tuberculosis infection, 1 as lung cancer, 1 as pulmonary infiltration of lymphoma, 1 as pulmonary infiltration of leukemia, and 14 as inflammatory changes with no specific diagnosis. 4 cases came with pneumothorax during lung biopsy, mild to moderate in 3 cases and severe in 1 case. Severe patient turned better after CT-guided suction. 3 cases with mild hemoptysis turned better after treatment. CONCLUSION: When hematopathy patients are with pulmonary nodules or lumps in CT scan whose clinical diagnosis is unclear, CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy is safe and conducive to early diagnosis and conducive to early rehabilitation of patients if the coagulation function is basically normal and platelet count is not too low.


Assuntos
Biópsia , Doenças Hematológicas/patologia , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Doenças Hematológicas/microbiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
10.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 14(10): 792-5, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23092575

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of ginsenoside on apoptosis of human leukemia-60 (HL-60) cells and its mechanism. METHODS: MTT cytotoxicity assay was used to determine the growth inhibition activity of ginsenoside (100, 50, 25, 12.5, 6.25, 3.125 and 1.5625 µmol/L) on HL-60 cells. The apoptosis of HL-60 cells after treatment with ginsenoside (0,5,10 and 20 µmol/L) was determined by Annexin V-FITC/PI staining and flow cytometry. The cleavage of total proteins by caspase-8, caspase-9 and caspase-3 was evaluated by Western blot. The cleavage of caspase-3 protein was detected by Western blot after treatment with 10 µmol/L ginsenoside and caspase-8 and 9 inhibitors. RESULTS: Ginsenoside had potent cytotoxicity on HL-60 cells, with an IC50 value of 7.3±1.2 µmol/L. After treatment with ginsenoside (0, 5, 10 and 20 µmol/L) for 48 hours, the apoptotic rate displayed a dose dependency, as shown by flow cytometry, with significant differences between the groups (F=12.67, P<0.01). Western blot showed that there were caspase-9 and caspase-3 cleavage bands, but without caspase-8 cleavage band. The specific inhibitor of caspase-9 Z-LEHD-FMK could block the caspase-3 cleavage induced by 10 µmol/L ginsenoside, but the specific inhibitor of caspase-8 Z-IETD-FMK did not have this effect. CONCLUSIONS: Ginsenoside can induce apoptosis of HL-60 cells, which may be related to a mitochondria-dependent pathway.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Caspase 9/fisiologia , Inibidores de Caspase/farmacologia , Células HL-60 , Humanos
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