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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 107(16): 167202, 2011 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22107423

RESUMO

We demonstrate that delta doping can be used to create a dimensionally confined region of metallic ferromagnetism in an antiferromagnetic (AFM) manganite host, without introducing any explicit disorder due to dopants or frustration of spins. Theoretical consideration of these additional carriers shows that they cause a local enhancement of ferromagnetic double exchange with respect to AFM superexchange, resulting in local canting of the AFM spins. This leads to a highly modulated magnetization, as measured by polarized neutron reflectometry. The spatial modulation of the canting is related to the spreading of charge from the doped layer and establishes a fundamental length scale for charge transfer, transformation of orbital occupancy, and magnetic order in these manganites. Furthermore, we confirm the existence of the canted, AFM state as was predicted by de Gennes [Phys. Rev. 118, 141 (1960)] but had remained elusive.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 106(25): 257001, 2011 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21770663

RESUMO

Neutron diffraction studies of Ba(Fe(1-x)Co(x))(2)As)(2) reveal that commensurate antiferromagnetic order gives way to incommensurate magnetic order for Co compositions between 0.056 < x < 0.06. The incommensurability has the form of a small transverse splitting (0, ± ε, 0) from the commensurate antiferromagnetic propagation vector Q(AFM) = (1,0,1) (in orthorhombic notation) where ε ≈ 0.02-0.03 and is composition dependent. The results are consistent with the formation of a spin-density wave driven by Fermi surface nesting of electron and hole pockets and confirm the itinerant nature of magnetism in the iron arsenide superconductors.

3.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 108(23): 9342-5, 2011 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21597000

RESUMO

Many physical and chemical properties of the light rare-earths and actinides are governed by the active role of f electrons, and despite intensive efforts the details of the mechanisms of phase stability and transformation are not fully understood. A prominent example which has attracted a lot of interest, both experimentally and theoretically over the years is the isostructural γ - α transition in cerium. We have determined by inelastic X-ray scattering, the complete phonon dispersion scheme of elemental cerium across the γ → α transition, and compared it with theoretical results using ab initio lattice dynamics. Several phonon branches show strong changes in the dispersion shape, indicating large modifications in the interactions between phonons and conduction electrons. This is reflected as well by the lattice Grüneisen parameters, particularly around the X point. We derive a vibrational entropy change ΔS(γ-α)(vib) ≈ (0.33+/-0.03)k(B), illustrating the importance of the lattice contribution to the transition. Additionally, we compare first principles calculations with the experiments to shed light on the mechanism underlying the isostructural volume collapse in cerium under pressure.


Assuntos
Cério/química , Fenômenos Químicos , Modelos Químicos , Algoritmos , Cinética , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo , Difração de Raios X/métodos
4.
Nat Mater ; 8(11): 892-7, 2009 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19838186

RESUMO

The disorder inherent to doping by cation substitution in the complex oxides can have profound effects on collective-ordered states. Here, we demonstrate that cation-site ordering achieved through digital-synthesis techniques can dramatically enhance the antiferromagnetic ordering temperatures of manganite films. Cation-ordered (LaMnO3)m/(SrMnO3)2m superlattices show Néel temperatures (TN) that are the highest of any La(1-x)Sr(x)MnO3 compound, approximately 70 K greater than compositionally equivalent randomly doped La(1/3)Sr(2/3)MnO3. The antiferromagnetic order is A-type, consisting of in-plane double-exchange-mediated ferromagnetic sheets coupled antiferromagnetically along the out-of-plane direction. Through synchrotron X-ray scattering, we have discovered an in-plane structural modulation that reduces the charge itinerancy and hence the ordering temperature within the ferromagnetic sheets, thereby limiting TN. This modulation is mitigated and driven to long wavelengths by cation ordering, enabling the higher TN values of the superlattices. These results provide insight into how cation-site ordering can enhance cooperative behaviour in oxides through subtle structural phenomena.

5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 103(8): 087001, 2009 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19792748

RESUMO

Neutron and x-ray diffraction studies show that the simultaneous first-order transition to an orthorhombic and antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordered state in BaFe2As2 splits into two transitions with Co doping. For Ba(Fe0.953Co0.047)2As2, a tetragonal-orthorhombic transition occurs at TS=60 K, followed by a second-order transition to AFM order at TN=47 K. Superconductivity occurs in the orthorhombic state below TC=17 K and coexists with AFM. Below TC, the static Fe moment is reduced along with a redistribution of low energy magnetic excitations indicating competition between coexisting superconductivity and AFM order.

6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 101(22): 227205, 2008 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19113520

RESUMO

Inelastic neutron scattering measurements of the magnetic excitations in CaFe2As2 indicate that the spin wave velocity in the Fe layers is exceptionally large and similar in magnitude to the cuprates. However, the spin wave velocity perpendicular to the layers is at least half as large that in the layer, so that the magnetism is more appropriately categorized as anisotropic three-dimensional, in contrast to the two-dimensional cuprates. Exchange constants derived from band structure calculations predict spin wave velocities that are consistent with the experimental data.

7.
Nature ; 453(7197): 899-902, 2008 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18509333

RESUMO

Following the discovery of long-range antiferromagnetic order in the parent compounds of high-transition-temperature (high-T(c)) copper oxides, there have been efforts to understand the role of magnetism in the superconductivity that occurs when mobile 'electrons' or 'holes' are doped into the antiferromagnetic parent compounds. Superconductivity in the newly discovered rare-earth iron-based oxide systems ROFeAs (R, rare-earth metal) also arises from either electron or hole doping of their non-superconducting parent compounds. The parent material LaOFeAs is metallic but shows anomalies near 150 K in both resistivity and d.c. magnetic susceptibility. Although optical conductivity and theoretical calculations suggest that LaOFeAs exhibits a spin-density-wave (SDW) instability that is suppressed by doping with electrons to induce superconductivity, there has been no direct evidence of SDW order. Here we report neutron-scattering experiments that demonstrate that LaOFeAs undergoes an abrupt structural distortion below 155 K, changing the symmetry from tetragonal (space group P4/nmm) to monoclinic (space group P112/n) at low temperatures, and then, at approximately 137 K, develops long-range SDW-type antiferromagnetic order with a small moment but simple magnetic structure. Doping the system with fluorine suppresses both the magnetic order and the structural distortion in favour of superconductivity. Therefore, like high-T(c) copper oxides, the superconducting regime in these iron-based materials occurs in close proximity to a long-range-ordered antiferromagnetic ground state.

8.
Phys Rev Lett ; 99(19): 197201, 2007 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18233108

RESUMO

The effect of the average R-site ionic radius IR and variance on the orbital and magnetic order in R3+-doped YVO3 was studied in Y1-xLaxVO3 and Y1-x(La0.2337Lu0.7663)xVO3 with fixed IR. The orbital flipping temperature T{CG} increases nonlinearly with increasing R-site variance, indicating that the V-O-V bond angle is not the primary driving force stabilizing the C-type orbitally ordered phase. The suppressed thermal conductivity in the G-type orbitally ordered phase signals some remaining orbital randomness that is enhanced by t{2} and et hybridization in {3}T{1g} site symmetry.

9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 96(11): 117206, 2006 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16605862

RESUMO

The intermediate valence compound YbAl3 exhibits a broad magnetic excitation in the inelastic neutron scattering spectrum with characteristic energy E1 approximately 50 meV, equal to the Kondo energy (T(K) approximately 600-700 K). In the low temperature (T < T(coh) approximately 40 K) Fermi liquid state, however, a new peak in the scattering occurs at E2 approximately 33 meV, which lies in the hybridization gap that exists in this compound. We report inelastic neutron scattering results for a single-crystal sample. The scattering at energies near E1 qualitatively has the momentum (Q) dependence expected for interband scattering across the indirect gap. The scattering near E2 has a very different Q dependence: it is a weak function of Q over a large fraction of the Brillouin zone and is smallest near (1/2,1/2, 1/2). A possibility is that the peak at E2 arises from a spatially localized excitation in the hybridization gap.

10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 92(20): 207201, 2004 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15169376

RESUMO

Neutron scattering studies of single crystal LiNiPO4 reveal a spontaneous first-order commensurate-incommensurate magnetic phase transition. Short- and long-range incommensurate phases are intermediate between the high temperature paramagnetic and the low temperature antiferromagnetic phases. The modulated structure has a predominant antiferromagnetic component, giving rise to satellite peaks in the vicinity of the fundamental antiferromagnetic Bragg reflection, and a ferromagnetic component, giving rise to peaks at small momentum transfers around the origin at (0,+/-Q,0). The wavelength of the modulated magnetic structure varies continuously with temperature. It is argued that the incommensurate short- and long-range phases are due to spin-dimensionality crossover from a continuous to the discrete Ising state.

11.
Phys Rev B Condens Matter ; 53(13): 8506-8508, 1996 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9982355
12.
Phys Rev B Condens Matter ; 52(14): R9839-R9842, 1995 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9980127
13.
Phys Rev B Condens Matter ; 51(1): 678-680, 1995 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9977147
14.
15.
Phys Rev B Condens Matter ; 49(14): 9969-9972, 1994 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10009802
17.
Phys Rev Lett ; 68(7): 1061-1064, 1992 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10046068
18.
Phys Rev B Condens Matter ; 38(11): 7365-7369, 1988 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9945459
19.
Phys Rev B Condens Matter ; 35(9): 4500-4502, 1987 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9942007
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