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1.
Atherosclerosis ; 313: 81-87, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cardiac troponin blood levels are frequently elevated in patients with impaired renal function. Their predictive value for the severity of stable coronary artery disease (CAD) remains unclear in these cases. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the blood levels of high-sensitivity troponin T and I (hsTnT/I) and their association with the severity of stable CAD in patients with chronic kidney disease. METHODS: Overall, 2209 patients with suspected stable CAD undergoing invasive coronary angiography were included in an ongoing prospective cohort study. We identified 595 patients with impaired renal function defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 ml/min/1.73 m2. Coronary morphology was assessed by the number of affected major coronary vessels (CAD classification), SYNTAX, and Gensini scores. hsTnT/I blood levels were measured by three latest-generation assays (Roche Diagnostics Elecsys, Abbott ARCHITECT STAT, and Singulex Clarity). Ordinal logistic regression for the severity of CAD adjusted by classical cardiovascular risk factors and eGFR were performed with each troponin assay as an independent variable. RESULTS: Mean age was 72.9 ± 9.8 years (33.6% female). Median eGFR was 47.5 ml/min/1.73 m2 (interquartile range [IQR] 34.9, 54.1). For the association of Roche-hsTnT, Abbott-hsTnI, and Singulex-hsTnI with the CAD classification, odds ratios per standard deviation (OR) were 1.27 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07-1.51), 1.21 (CI 1.02-1.44), and 1.24 (CI 1.04-1.47), respectively. The associations for the investigated assays with SYNTAX and Gensini scores, respectively, were OR 1.40, CI 1.11-1.78 and OR 1.24, CI 1.01-1.51 (Roche-hsTnT), OR 1.42, CI 1.12-1.78 and OR 1.25, CI 1.02-1.52 (Abbott-hsTnI), OR 1.38, CI 1.09-1.74 and OR 1.25, CI 1.02-1.53 (Singulex-hsTnI). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with impaired renal function, blood levels of hsTnT/I were significantly associated with the severity of stable CAD. These findings may help clinicians guide further diagnostic assessment.

2.
J Hypertens ; 38(10): 1948-1954, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890270

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease later in life. Women with a history of preeclampsia are at risk of developing hypertension as well as ischemic heart disease. Identification of women at the highest risk is important to initiate preventive strategies. We investigated whether high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) levels are associated with a history of early-onset preeclampsia, and with hypertension in these high-risk women. METHODS: Approximately 9-10 years after pregnancy, hs-cTnI levels were measured for 339 women of the Preeclampsia Risk Evaluation in FEMales cohort, consisting of 177 women with a history of early-onset preeclampsia and 162 women with a previous uncomplicated index pregnancy. Associations were analyzed using several statistical tests and linear regression analysis. RESULTS: The median hs-cTnI levels (IQR) were 2.50 ng/l (2.30) in women with a history of early-onset preeclampsia and 2.35 ng/l (2.50) in women without a history of preeclampsia, P = 0.53. Among women with a history of early-onset preeclampsia, the hs-cTnI levels were higher in women who were hypertensive compared with their normotensive counterparts (medians 2.60 versus 2.30; P = 0.03). In addition, blood pressure levels increased with increasing hs-cTnI levels. CONCLUSION: We did not find a difference in hs-cTnI levels between women with and without a history of early-onset preeclampsia. Nonetheless, hs-cTnI levels were statistically significantly higher in current hypertensive women with a history of preeclampsia compared with their normotensive counterparts. Therefore, hs-cTnI levels might improve risk prediction for women at the highest risk of cardiovascular disease.

4.
Europace ; 22(10): 1463-1469, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32830215

RESUMO

AIMS: Natriuretic peptides are extensively studied biomarkers for atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF). Their role in the pathogenesis of both diseases is not entirely understood and previous studies several single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at the NPPA-NPPB locus associated with natriuretic peptides have been identified. We investigated the causal relationship between natriuretic peptides and AF as well as HF using a Mendelian randomization approach. METHODS AND RESULTS: N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) (N = 6669), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) (N = 6674), and mid-regional pro atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) (N = 6813) were measured in the FINRISK 1997 cohort. N = 30 common SNPs related to NT-proBNP, BNP, and MR-proANP were selected from studies. We performed six Mendelian randomizations for all three natriuretic peptide biomarkers and for both outcomes, AF and HF, separately. Polygenic risk scores (PRSs) based on multiple SNPs were used as genetic instrumental variable in Mendelian randomizations. Polygenic risk scores were significantly associated with the three natriuretic peptides. Polygenic risk scores were not significantly associated with incident AF nor HF. Most cardiovascular risk factors showed significant confounding percentages, but no association with PRS. A causal relation except for small causal betas is unlikely. CONCLUSION: In our Mendelian randomization approach, we confirmed an association between common genetic variation at the NPPA-NPPB locus and natriuretic peptides. A strong causal relationship between natriuretic peptides and incidence of AF as well as HF at the community-level was ruled out. Therapeutic approaches targeting natriuretic peptides will therefore very likely work through indirect mechanisms.

5.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(16): e017221, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757795

RESUMO

Background Current noninvasive modalities to diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD) have several limitations. We sought to derive and externally validate a hs-cTn (high-sensitivity cardiac troponin)-based proteomic model to diagnose obstructive coronary artery disease. Methods and Results In a derivation cohort of 636 patients referred for coronary angiography, predictors of ≥70% coronary stenosis were identified from 6 clinical variables and 109 biomarkers. The final model was first internally validated on a separate cohort (n=275) and then externally validated on a cohort of 241 patients presenting to the ED with suspected acute myocardial infarction where ≥50% coronary stenosis was considered significant. The resulting model consisted of 3 clinical variables (male sex, age, and previous percutaneous coronary intervention) and 3 biomarkers (hs-cTnI [high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I], adiponectin, and kidney injury molecule-1). In the internal validation cohort, the model yielded an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.85 for coronary stenosis ≥70% (P<0.001). At the optimal cutoff, we observed 80% sensitivity, 71% specificity, a positive predictive value of 83%, and negative predictive value of 66% for ≥70% stenosis. Partitioning the score result into 5 levels resulted in a positive predictive value of 97% and a negative predictive value of 89% at the highest and lowest levels, respectively. In the external validation cohort, the score performed similarly well. Notably, in patients who had myocardial infarction neither ruled in nor ruled out via hs-cTnI testing ("indeterminate zone," n=65), the score had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.88 (P<0.001). Conclusions A model including hs-cTnI can predict the presence of obstructive coronary artery disease with high accuracy including in those with indeterminate hs-cTnI concentrations.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32855263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigate whether socially disadvantaged individuals are more susceptible to the detrimental effects of smoking and alcohol intake on allostatic load (AL), a marker of physiological 'wear and tear', resulting from adaptation to chronic stress. METHODS: In a cross-sectional analysis, 27 019 men and 26 738 women aged 35-74 years were identified from 21 European cohorts in the BiomarCaRE consortium. We defined three educational classes (EDs) according to years of schooling and an AL score as the sum of z-scores of eight selected biomarkers from the cardiovascular, metabolic and inflammatory systems. We used the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition to disentangle the ED gradient in AL score into the differential exposure (DE, attributable to different distribution of smoking and alcohol intake across EDs) and the differential susceptibility (DS, attributable to a different effect of risk factors on AL across EDs) components. RESULTS: Less-educated men (mean AL difference: 0.68, 95% CI 0.57 to 0.79) and women (1.52, 95% CI 1.40 to 1.64) had higher AL scores. DE accounted for 7% and 6% of the gradient in men and women, respectively. In men, combining smoking and alcohol intake, DS accounted for 42% of the gradient (smoking DS coefficient=0.177, 26% of the gradient; alcohol DS coefficient=0.109; 16%, not statistically significant). DS contribution increased to 69% in metabolic markers. DS estimates were consistent across age groups, irrespective of comorbidities and robust to unmeasured confounding. No DS was observed in women. CONCLUSIONS: In men, a DS mechanism substantially contributes to the educational class gradient in allostatic load.

7.
Stroke ; 51(9): 2770-2777, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke is a common cause of death and a leading cause of disability and morbidity. Stroke risk assessment remains a challenge, but circulating biomarkers may improve risk prediction. Controversial evidence is available on the predictive ability of troponin concentrations and the risk of stroke in the community. Furthermore, reports on the predictive value of troponin concentrations for different stroke subtypes are scarce. METHODS: High-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hsTnI) concentrations were assessed in 82 881 individuals (median age, 50.7 years; 49.7% men) free of stroke or myocardial infarction at baseline from 9 prospective European community cohorts. We used Cox proportional hazards regression to determine relative risks, followed by measures of discrimination and reclassification using 10-fold cross-validation to control for overoptimism. Follow-up was based upon linkage with national hospitalization registries and causes of death registries. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 12.7 years, 3033 individuals were diagnosed with incident nonfatal or fatal stroke (n=1654 ischemic strokes, n=612 hemorrhagic strokes, and n=767 indeterminate strokes). In multivariable regression models, hsTnI concentrations were associated with overall stroke (hazard ratio per 1-SD increase, 1.15 [95% CI, 1.10-1.21]), ischemic stroke (hazard ratio, 1.14 [95% CI, 1.09-1.21]), and hemorrhagic stroke (hazard ratio, 1.10 [95% CI, 1.01-1.20]). Adding hsTnI concentrations to classical cardiovascular risk factors (C indices, 0.809, 0.840, and 0.736 for overall, ischemic, and hemorrhagic stroke, respectively) increased the C index significantly but modestly. In individuals with an intermediate 10-year risk (5%-20%), the net reclassification improvement for overall stroke was 0.038 (P=0.021). CONCLUSIONS: Elevated hsTnI concentrations are associated with an increased risk of incident stroke in the community, irrespective of stroke subtype. Adding hsTnI concentrations to classical risk factors only modestly improved estimation of 10-year risk of stroke in the overall cohort but might be of some value in individuals at an intermediate risk.

8.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872620924198, 2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most studies assessing the diagnostic value of high-sensitivity troponin in the diagnosis of myocardial infarction used batch-wise analyses of frozen samples for high-sensitivity troponin measurements. Whether the accuracy of these batch-wise high-sensitivity troponin measurements described in diagnostic studies is comparable to clinical routine is unknown. METHODS: We enrolled 937 patients presenting with suspected myocardial infarction in this prospective cohort study. Measurements of high-sensitivity troponin I (Abbott Architect) and high-sensitivity troponin T (Roche) were performed in two settings: (a) on-demand in clinical routine using fresh blood samples; and (b) in batches using frozen blood samples from the same individuals at three timepoints (0 hours, 1 hour and 3 hours after presentation). RESULTS: Median troponin levels were not different between on-demand and batch-wise measurements. Troponin levels in the range of 0 to 40 ng/L showed a very high correlation between the on-demand and batch setting (Pearson correlation coefficient (r) was 0.92-0.95 for high-sensitivity troponin I and 0.96 for high-sensitivity troponin T). However, at very low troponin levels (0 to 10 ng/L) correlation between the two settings was moderate (r for high-sensitivity troponin I 0.59-0.66 and 0.65-0.69 for high-sensitivity troponin T). Application of guideline-recommended rapid diagnostic algorithms showed similar diagnostic performance with both methods. CONCLUSIONS: Overall on-demand and batch-wise measurements of high-sensitivity troponin provided similar results, but their correlation was moderate, when focusing on very low troponin levels. The application of rapid diagnostic algorithms was safe in both settings.Trial Registration: www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02355457).

9.
J Hypertens ; 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618885

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease later in life. Women with a history of preeclampsia are at risk of developing hypertension as well as ischemic heart disease. Identification of women at the highest risk is important to initiate preventive strategies. We investigated whether high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) levels are associated with a history of early-onset preeclampsia, and with hypertension in these high-risk women. METHODS: Approximately 9-10 years after pregnancy, hs-cTnI levels were measured for 339 women of the Preeclampsia Risk Evaluation in FEMales cohort, consisting of 177 women with a history of early-onset preeclampsia and 162 women with a previous uncomplicated index pregnancy. Associations were analyzed using several statistical tests and linear regression analysis. RESULTS: The median hs-cTnI levels (IQR) were 2.50 ng/l (2.30) in women with a history of early-onset preeclampsia and 2.35 ng/l (2.50) in women without a history of preeclampsia, P = 0.53. Among women with a history of early-onset preeclampsia, the hs-cTnI levels were higher in women who were hypertensive compared with their normotensive counterparts (medians 2.60 versus 2.30; P = 0.03). In addition, blood pressure levels increased with increasing hs-cTnI levels. CONCLUSION: We did not find a difference in hs-cTnI levels between women with and without a history of early-onset preeclampsia. Nonetheless, hs-cTnI levels were statistically significantly higher in current hypertensive women with a history of preeclampsia compared with their normotensive counterparts. Therefore, hs-cTnI levels might improve risk prediction for women at the highest risk of cardiovascular disease.

10.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; : 218492320927233, 2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498553

RESUMO

There is growing clinical need and interest to implement novel risk prediction tools in bicuspid aortic valve-associated proximal aortic disease, so-called bicuspid aortic valve aortopathy. Inherent limitations of the diameter-based risk stratification for adverse aortic events in bicuspid aortic valve aortopathy patients have recently been recognized. Therefore, alternative diagnostic tools and subsequent adjustments in the treatment guidelines are urgently needed. Herein, we summarize the current evidence on recent diagnostic developments to improve risk stratification in bicuspid aortic valve aortopathy, including circulating microRNAs as biomarkers to predict the progression of aortic disease.

11.
Mov Disord ; 2020 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We assessed if cardiac blood markers are associated with motor and cognitive function in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: High-sensitivity troponin I and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were evaluated in 285 PD patients. Furthermore, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels were analyzed in 570 age, sex and cardiovascular risk factor matched healthy controls. Motor (UPDRS, Hoehn &Yahr) and cognitive function (Montreal Cognitive Assessemtn) were assessed at baseline in all 285 patients and after 1 year in 101 patients. RESULTS: N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide were significantly increased in 285 PD patients compared with 570 matched healthy controls. In PD patients, increased high-sensitivity troponin I and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels were associated with worse motor function at baseline and also with motor decline after 1 year. N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and high-sensitivity troponin I were inversely associated with cognitive function at baseline only in unadjusted models. CONCLUSIONS: Subclinical cardiac microdamage is associated with motor severity in PD patients. © 2020 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

12.
Trends Mol Med ; 26(6): 583-596, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470385

RESUMO

The development of more sensitive protein biomarker assays results in continuous improvements in detectability, extending the range of clinical applications to the detection of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, these efforts have not yet led to improvements in risk assessment compared with existing risk scores. Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been assessed as biomarkers, and miRNAs have attracted most attention. More recently, other ncRNA classes have been identified, including long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and circular RNAs (circRNAs). Here, we compare emerging ncRNA biomarkers in the cardiovascular field with protein biomarkers for their potential in clinical application, focusing on myocardial injury.

13.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(9): e015218, 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351154

RESUMO

Background Differences in risk factors for atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) are incompletely understood. Aim of this study was to understand whether risk factors and biomarkers show different associations with incident AF and HF and to investigate predictors of subsequent onset and mortality. Methods and Results In N=58 693 individuals free of AF/HF from 5 population-based European cohorts, Cox regressions were used to find predictors for AF, HF, subsequent onset, and mortality. Differences between associations were estimated using bootstrapping. Median follow-up time was 13.8 years, with a mortality of 15.7%. AF and HF occurred in 5.0% and 5.4% of the participants, respectively, with 1.8% showing subsequent onset. Age, male sex, myocardial infarction, body mass index, and NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) showed similar associations with both diseases. Antihypertensive medication and smoking were stronger predictors of HF than AF. Cholesterol, diabetes mellitus, and hsCRP (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein) were associated with HF, but not with AF. No variable was exclusively associated with AF. Population-attributable risks were higher for HF (75.6%) than for AF (30.9%). Age, male sex, body mass index, diabetes mellitus, and NT-proBNP were associated with subsequent onset, which was associated with the highest all-cause mortality risk. Conclusions Common risk factors and biomarkers showed different associations with AF and HF, and explained a higher proportion of HF than AF risk. As the subsequent onset of both diseases was strongly associated with mortality, prevention needs to be rigorously addressed and remains challenging, as conventional risk factors explained only 31% of AF risk.

14.
Biomark Med ; 14(9): 775-784, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32462911

RESUMO

Background: In patients with suspected myocardial infarction (MI), we sought to validate a machine learning-driven, multibiomarker panel for prediction of incident major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). Methodology & results: A previously described prognostic panel for MACE consisting of four biomarkers was measured in 748 patients with suspected MI. The investigated end point was incident MACE within 1 year. The prognostic value of a continuous score and an optimal cut-off was investigated. The area under the curve was 0.86 for the overall model. Using the optimal cut-off resulted in a negative predictive value of 99.4% for incident MACE. Patients with an elevated prognostic score were at high risk for MACE. Conclusion: Among patients with suspected MI, we validated a multibiomarker panel for predicting 1-year MACE. Clinical Trial Registration: NCT02355457 (ClinicalTrials.gov).

15.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(8): e015452, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299288

RESUMO

Background Risk stratification among patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is of considerable interest due to the potential to guide secondary preventive therapies. Thus, we evaluated the predictive value of soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) levels for cardiovascular mortality and nonfatal myocardial infarction in patients with CAD. Methods and Results Plasma levels of suPAR were measured in a cohort of 1703 patients with documented CAD as evidenced by coronary angiography-including 626 patients with acute coronary syndrome and 1077 patients with stable angina pectoris. Cardiovascular death and/or nonfatal myocardial infarction were defined as main outcome measures. During a median follow-up of 3.5 years, suPAR levels reliably predicted cardiovascular death or myocardial infarction in CAD, evidenced by survival curves stratified for tertiles of suPAR levels. In Cox regression analyses, the hazard ratio for the prediction of cardiovascular death and/or myocardial infarction was 2.19 (P<0.001) in the overall cohort and 2.56 in the acute coronary syndrome cohort (P<0.001). Even after adjustment for common cardiovascular risk factors, renal function and the biomarkers C-reactive protein, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and high-sensitivity troponin I suPAR still enabled a reliable prediction of cardiovascular death or myocardial infarction with a hazard ratio of 1.61 (P=0.022) in the overall cohort and 2.22 (P=0.005) in the acute coronary syndrome cohort. Conclusions SuPAR has a strong and independent prognostic value in secondary prevention settings, and thereby might represent a valuable biomarker for risk estimation in CAD.

16.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(9): e015480, 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321351

RESUMO

Background Coronary heart disease is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Iron deficiency, a frequent comorbidity of coronary heart disease, causes an increased expression of transferrin receptor and soluble transferrin receptor levels (sTfR) levels, while iron repletion returns sTfR levels to the normal physiological range. Recently, sTfR levels were proposed as a potential new marker of iron metabolism in cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of circulating sTfR levels in a large cohort of patients with coronary heart disease. Methods and Results The disease cohort comprised 3423 subjects who had angiographically documented coronary heart disease and who participated in the AtheroGene study. Serum levels of sTfR were determined at baseline using an automated immunoassay (Roche Cobas Integra 400). Two main outcomes were considered: a combined end point of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular death and cardiovascular death alone. During a median follow-up of 4.0 years, 10.3% of the patients experienced an end point. In Cox regression analyses for sTfR levels, the hazard ratio (HR) for future cardiovascular death and/or myocardial infarction was 1.27 (95% CI, 1.11-1.44, P<0.001) after adjustment for sex and age. This association remained significant (HR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.03-1.46, P=0.02) after additional adjustment for body mass index, smoking status, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, C-reactive protein, and surrogates of cardiac function, size of myocardial necrosis (hs-Tnl), and hemoglobin levels. Conclusions In this large cohort study, sTfR levels were strongly associated with future myocardial infarction and cardiovascular death. This implicates a role for sTfR in secondary cardiovascular risk prediction.

17.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32215702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is now accepted as an independent entity beyond anemia. Recently, a new functional definition of iron deficiency was proposed and proved strong efficacy in randomized cardiovascular clinical trials of intravenous iron supplementation. Here, we characterize the impact of iron deficiency on all-cause mortality in the non-anemic general population based on two distinct definitions. METHODS: The Gutenberg Health Study is a population-based, prospective, single-center cohort study. The 5000 individuals between 35 and 74 years underwent baseline and a planned follow-up visit at year 5. Tested definitions of iron deficiency were (1) functional iron deficiency-ferritin levels below 100 µg/l, or ferritin levels between 100 and 299 µg/l and transferrin saturation below 20%, and (2) absolute iron deficiency-ferritin below 30 µg/l. RESULTS: At baseline, a total of 54.5% of participants showed functional iron deficiency at a mean hemoglobin of 14.3 g/dl; while, the rate of absolute iron deficiency was 11.8%, at a mean hemoglobin level of 13.4 g/dl. At year 5, proportion of newly diagnosed subjects was 18.5% and 4.8%, respectively. Rate of all-cause mortality was 7.2% (n = 361); while, median follow-up was 10.1 years. After adjustment for hemoglobin and major cardiovascular risk factors, the hazard ratio with 95% confidence interval of the association of iron deficiency with mortality was 1.3 (1.0-1.6; p = 0.023) for the functional definition, and 1.9 (1.3-2.8; p = 0.002) for absolute iron deficiency. CONCLUSIONS: Iron deficiency is very common in the apparently healthy general population and independently associated with all-cause mortality in the mid to long term.

18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(5)2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182846

RESUMO

l-arginine:glycine amidinotransferase (AGAT) and its metabolites homoarginine (hArg) and creatine have been linked to stroke pathology in both human and mouse studies. However, a comprehensive understanding of the underlying molecular mechanism is lacking. To investigate transcriptional changes in cerebral AGAT metabolism, we applied a transcriptome analysis in brains of wild-type (WT) mice compared to untreated AGAT-deficient (AGAT-/-) mice and AGAT-/- mice with creatine or hArg supplementation. We identified significantly regulated genes between AGAT-/- and WT mice in two independent cohorts of mice which can be linked to amino acid metabolism (Ivd, Lcmt2), creatine metabolism (Slc6a8), cerebral myelination (Bcas1) and neuronal excitability (Kcnip3). While Ivd and Kcnip3 showed regulation by hArg supplementation, Bcas1 and Slc6a8 were creatine dependent. Additional regulated genes such as Pla2g4e and Exd1 need further evaluation of their influence on cerebral function. Experimental stroke models showed a significant regulation of Bcas1 and Slc6a8. Together, these results reveal that AGAT deficiency, hArg and creatine regulate gene expression in the brain, which may be critical in stroke pathology.

19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 4821, 2020 03 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179820

RESUMO

L-arginine:glycine amidinotransferase (AGAT) and its metabolites creatine and homoarginine (HA) have been linked to cardiovascular pathologies in both human and murine studies, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we report the first analysis of heart transcriptome variation using microarrays in an AGAT-deficient (AGAT-/-) mouse model to evaluate AGAT-, creatine- and HA-dependent gene regulation. Our data revealed significant differences of gene expression between AGAT-/- and wild-type (WT) mice, affecting cardiac energy metabolism (Fbp2, Ucp2), cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis (Nppa, Ctgf), immune response (Fgl2), and the conduction system of the heart (Dsc2, Ehd4, Hcn2, Hcn4, Scn4a, Scn4b). All of these genes being expressed on WT level in creatine-supplemented mice. Using in silico analysis based on the GEO database we found that most of these candidate genes (Ctgf, Dsc2, Fbp2, Fgl2, Hcn2, Nppa)  revealed significant alterations in a WT mouse model of myocardial infarction underlining a pathophysiological relationship between AGAT metabolism and cardiovascular disease.

20.
Endocr Connect ; 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32168474

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sex hormone-binding globulin (SBHG) and androgen have been associated with mortality in women and men, but controversy still exists. Our objective was to investigate associations of SHBG and androgen with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in men and women. DESIGN: 1006 men and 709 peri- and postmenopausal women (age range: 45-82 years) from the German population-based KORA F4 cohort study were followed up for a median of 8.7 years. METHODS: SHBG was measured with an immunoassay, total testosterone (TT) and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) with mass-spectrometry in serum samples and we calculated free testosterone (cFT). To assess associations between SHBG and androgen levels and mortality, we calculated hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using Cox proportional-hazards models. RESULTS: 128 men (12.7%) and 70 women (9.9%) died. In women, we observed positive associations of SHBG with all-cause (HR: 1.54, 95% CI: 1.16-2.04) and with other-cause mortality (HR: 1.86, 95% CI: 1.08-3.20) and for DHT with all-cause mortality (HR: 1.32, 95% CI: 1.00-1.73). In men, we found a positive association of SHBG (HR: 1.24 95% CI: 1.00-1.54) and inverse associations of TT (HR: 0.87, 95% CI: 0.77-0.97) and cFT (HR: 0.84, 95% CI: 0.73-0.97) with all-cause mortality. No other associations were found for cause-specific mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Higher SHBG levels were associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality in men and women. Lower TT and cFT levels in men and higher DHT levels in women were associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality. Future, well-powered population-based studies should further investigate cause-specific mortality risk.

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