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1.
Ann Intern Med ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905377

RESUMO

Background: The optimal noninvasive method for surveillance in symptomatic patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) is unknown. Objective: To apply a novel approach using very low concentrations of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) for exclusion of inducible myocardial ischemia in symptomatic patients with CAD. Design: Prospective diagnostic cohort study. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01838148). Setting: University hospital. Patients: 1896 consecutive patients with CAD referred with symptoms possibly related to inducible myocardial ischemia. Measurements: Presence of inducible myocardial ischemia was adjudicated using myocardial perfusion imaging with single-photon emission computed tomography, as well as coronary angiography and fractional flow reserve measurements where available. Staff blinded to adjudication measured circulating hs-cTn concentrations. An hs-cTnI cutoff of 2.5 ng/L, derived previously in mostly asymptomatic patients with CAD, was assessed. Predefined target performance criteria were at least 90% negative predictive value (NPV) and at least 90% sensitivity for exclusion of inducible myocardial ischemia. Sensitivity analyses were based on measurements with an hs-cTnT assay and an alternative hs-cTnI assay with even higher analytic sensitivity (limit of detection, 0.1 ng/L). Results: Overall, 865 patients (46%) had inducible myocardial ischemia. The hs-cTnI cutoff of 2.5 ng/L provided an NPV of 70% (95% CI, 64% to 75%) and a sensitivity of 90% (CI, 88% to 92%) for exclusion of inducible myocardial ischemia. No hs-cTnI cutoff reached both performance characteristics predefined as targets. Similarly, using the alternative assays for hs-cTnI or hs-cTnT, no cutoff achieved the target performance: hs-cTnT concentrations less than 5 ng/L yielded an NPV of 66% (CI, 59% to 72%), and hs-cTnI concentrations less than 2 ng/L yielded an NPV of 68% (CI, 62% to 74%). Limitation: Data were generated in a large single-center diagnostic study using central adjudication. Conclusion: In symptomatic patients with CAD, very low hs-cTn concentrations, including hs-cTnI concentrations less than 2.5 ng/L, do not generally allow users to safely exclude inducible myocardial ischemia. Primary Funding Source: European Union, Swiss National Science Foundation, Kommission für Technologie und Innovation (Innosuisse), Swiss Heart Foundation, Cardiovascular Research Foundation Basel, University of Basel, University Hospital Basel, Roche, Abbott, and Singulex.

2.
J Nucl Cardiol ; 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538322

RESUMO

PURPOSE: While a visual interpretation of 99mTc-DPD scintigraphy by means of Perugini score can provide a reliable diagnosis of transthyretin-related (ATTR) cardiac amyloidosis (CA), a quantitative approach is expected to play a major role in risk stratification and therapy evaluation. The aim of our study was to test the feasibility of a quantitative assessment and to correlate various parameters to Perugini score. METHODS: in this retrospective study, consecutive patients underwent a 99mTc-DPD whole-body bone scintigraphy and a SPECT/CT of the thorax. XSPECT-QUANT software was used to quantify the DPD uptake in the heart. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were included. CA was confirmed in 8 and rejected in 5. Myocardial SUVmax and SUVpeak showed a fairly strong correlation with Perugini score (both ρ = .71, P = .006). Same held true for to-bone normalized values (both ρ = .75, P = .003). There was a great degree of overlap for quantitative values in patients with Perugini score 2 and 3. CONCLUSION: Quantitative 99mTc-DPD SPECT/CT in suspected ATTR CA patients is feasible and allows for a more accurate assessment of myocardial uptake.

3.
Eur Heart J Case Rep ; 3(3)2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can be a life-threatening condition. However, identification of patients with ACS can be challenging, especially among women, and clinical presentation can often overlap with other medical entities. CASE SUMMARY: A 61-year-old woman with a history of stable bronchial asthma presented with worsening dyspnoea for spiroergometry. During bicycle exercise testing, she developed acute chest pain and her electrocardiogram showed significant ST-segment elevations. High-sensitivity cardiac troponin was elevated and a coronary angiography was performed showing normal coronary arteries. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging showed no signs of myocardial infarction, myocarditis or Takotsubo cardiomyopathy but the incidental finding of a giant hiatal hernia impeding the filling of the left atrium. The giant hernia was surgically corrected, and the patient's exertional dyspnoea fully relieved during follow-up. DISCUSSION: Hiatal hernia might compress cardiac structures, cause exertional dyspnoea and mimic ST-elevation myocardial infarction. 10.1093/ehjcr/ytz138_audio1 ytz138_audio1 6074443146001.

4.
J Nucl Cardiol ; 2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31175623
5.
Swiss Med Wkly ; 149: w20080, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Direct invasive testing in the diagnosis of stable coronary artery disease (CAD) involves high costs and relevant risks. By comparison, single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) are noninvasive diagnostic tests. SPECT is currently the most widely used diagnostic technique, but new medical and economic evidence favours CMR. Guidelines do not recommend one technique in preference to the other, and their use in Switzerland is poorly documented, as a scoping study by the Swiss Medical Board reported. We aimed at a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the use of these diagnostic techniques in Swiss hospitals. METHODS: We contacted nine Swiss hospitals to obtain the number of SPECT/CMR investigations used to diagnose stable CAD in 2014–2016 and submitted a questionnaire to investigate the advantages and limitations of the two imaging techniques. In addition, two experts in SPECT and CMR, respectively, at two university hospitals were interviewed, using open questions. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 8 hospitals, and 22 questionnaires were returned. In Switzerland, both techniques have been implemented very differently in different hospitals, but the overall number of diagnostic procedures has increased. The questionnaires reported lower scores for CMR regarding the availability of the scans, contraindications and the suitability of the technique for the diagnosis of CAD. The experts described potential conflicts of interest in some institutions, depending on how the cardiology and radiology departments collaborated, and highlighted the debated results of studies comparing CMR with SPECT for the diagnosis of CAD. The main conclusion drawn from the interviews was the recommendation of a patient-centred evaluation. CONCLUSION: The use of SPECT versus CMR in Switzerland for the diagnosis of stable CAD is heterogeneous, but reflects the guidelines, which do not distinguish between the two diagnostic techniques. Expert opinions underlined that discussion should not be so much about the choice of the diagnostic modality but about how a clinical question in a patient can best be answered.

6.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872619842988, 2019 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31008655

RESUMO

AIM: Exercise stress testing is used to detect myocardial ischaemia, but is limited by low sensitivity and specificity. The authors investigated the value of the analysis of high-frequency QRS components as a marker of abnormal depolarization in addition to standard ST-deviations as a marker of abnormal repolarization to improve the diagnostic accuracy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients undergoing bicycle exercise stress nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging were prospectively enrolled. Presence of myocardial ischaemia, the primary diagnostic endpoint, was adjudicated using MPI and coronary angiography. Automated high-frequency QRS analysis was performed in a blinded fashion. The prognostic endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) during two years of follow-up. Exercise-induced ischaemia was detected in 147/662 patients (22%). The sensitivity of high-frequency QRS was similar to ST-deviations (46% vs. 43%, p=0.59), while the specificity was lower (75% vs. 87%, p<0.001). The combined use of high-frequency QRS and ST-deviations classified 59% of patients as 'rule-out' (both negative), 9% as 'rule-in' (both positive) and 32% in an intermediate zone (one test positive). The sensitivity for 'rule-out' and the specificity for 'rule-in' improved to 63% and 97% compared with ST-deviation analysis alone (both p<0.001). MACE-free survival was 90%, 80% and 42% in patients in the 'rule-out', intermediate and 'rule-in' groups ( p<0.001). After adjustment for age, gender, ST-deviations and clinical post-test probability of ischaemia, high-frequency QRS remained an independent predictor for the occurrence of MACEs. CONCLUSION: The use of high-frequency QRS analysis in addition to ST-deviation analysis improves the diagnostic accuracy during exercise stress testing and adds independent prognostic information.

8.
Swiss Med Wkly ; 149: w20014, 2019 02 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30741398

RESUMO

Patient tailored diagnosis and risk stratification in patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease (CAD) are pivotal. At present, cardiac imaging modalities provide the possibility to evaluate the whole ischaemic cascade noninvasively. In asymptomatic patients, the evaluation of the calcium score may be beneficial and also guide the individual preventive strategy. Furthermore, the calcium score provides complimentary information to the information as assessed by functional testing. Coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) is an excellent tool to exclude CAD, having a negative predictive value of 97–99%. Comparably, a normal functional cardiac imaging test (e.g., positron emission tomography (PET); myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS); cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR); and stress echocardiography) is consistent with a good prognosis and in general an annual cardiac death rate <1%. If a patient has an abnormal imaging test, it is important for risk stratification to evaluate the severity and extent of the abnormality (e.g., the extent and severity of the perfusion defect, or of the wall motion abnormality, which is consistent with the extent of myocardial scar and ischaemia). The patient’s symptoms and the extent of ischaemia, scar and decrease of ejection fraction will guide the strategy, either to an optimal medical therapy or to a further invasive evaluation. If more than 10% of the myocardium are ischaemic, it is very likely that patients will benefit from revascularisation. The current guidelines leave a lot of room as to which test to choose for noninvasive CAD evaluation and risk stratification. The selection of the particular modality is, in part, led by the pretest probability of CAD and local availability, expertise and preference. However, whenever possible, an imaging-based test rather than a “stand-alone” stress ECG should be used. Cardiac imaging has higher sensitivities and specificities to diagnose or exclude CAD compared with stress testing alone. Using a hybrid approach, integrating complimentary information to that given by functional testing (e.g., PET/CT) provides the highest noninvasive diagnostic and prognostic accuracies in CAD evaluation available so far.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medição de Risco/métodos , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Humanos
9.
PLoS One ; 13(10): e0202105, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30273933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), cardiac manifestations, e.g. coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocarditis are leading causes of morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of subclinical heart disease in SLE is unknown. We studied whether a comprehensive cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) protocol may be useful for early diagnosis of heart disease in SLE patients without known CAD. METHODS: In this prospective, observational, cross-sectional study CMR including cine, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and stress perfusion sequences, ECG, and blood sampling were performed in 30 consecutive SLE patients without known CAD. All patients fulfilled at least 4/11 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Criteria for the classification of SLE. RESULTS: 30 patients (83% female) were enrolled, mean age was 45±14 years and mean SLE disease duration was 10±8 years. 80% had low to moderate disease activity. All had a low SLE damage index. CMR was abnormal in 13/30 (43%), showing LGE in 9/13, stress perfusion deficits in 5/13 and pericardial effusion (PE) in 7/13. Patients with non-ischemic LGE had more often microalbuminuria while patients with stress perfusion deficits a history of hypertension, renal disorder as ACR criterion, repolarisation abnormalities on ECG and larger LV enddiastolic volume index. There was no correlation between clinical symptoms and CMR results. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that cardiac involvement as observed by CMR is frequent in SLE and not necessarily associated with typical symptoms. CMR may thus help to detect subclinical cardiac involvement, which could lead to earlier treatment. Additionally we identify possible risk factors associated with cardiac involvement.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Coração/fisiopatologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/etiologia , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
EPMA J ; 9(3): 235-247, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30174760

RESUMO

Background: Known coronary artery disease (CAD) risk scores (e.g., Framingham) estimate the CAD-related event risk rather than presence/absence of CAD. Artificial intelligence (AI) is rarely used in this context. Aims: This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic power of AI (memetic pattern-based algorithm (MPA)) in CAD and to expand its applicability to a broader patient population. Methods and results: Nine hundred eighty-seven patients of the Ludwigshafen Risk and Cardiovascular Health Study (LURIC) were divided into a training (n = 493) and a test population (n = 494). They were evaluated by the Basel MPA. The "training population" was further used to expand and optimize the Basel MPA, and after modifications, a final validation was carried out on the "test population." The results were compared with the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) using receiver operating curves (ROC; area-under-the-curve (AUC)). Of the 987 LURIC patients, 71% were male, age 62 ± 11 years and 68% had documented CAD. AUC of Framingham and BASEL MPA to diagnose CAD in "LURIC training" were 0.69 and 0.80, respectively. AUC of the optimized MPA in the training and test cohort were 0.88 and 0.87, respectively. The positive predictive values (PPV) of the optimized MPA for exclusion of CAD in "training" and "test" were 98 and 95%, respectively. The PPV of MPA for identification of CAD was 93 and 94%, respectively. Conclusions: The successful use of the MPA approach has been demonstrated in a broad-risk spectrum of patients undergoing CAD evaluation, as an element of predictive, preventive, personalized medicine, and may be used instead of further non-invasive diagnostic procedures.

12.
Clin Chem ; 64(11): 1596-1606, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30097496

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to directly compare high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) in the detection of functionally relevant coronary artery disease (fCAD). METHODS: Consecutive patients referred with clinical suspicion of fCAD and no structural heart disease other than coronary artery disease were included. The presence of fCAD was based on rest/stress myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography and coronary angiography. hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT concentrations were measured in a blinded fashion. Diagnostic accuracy was quantified using the area under the ROC curve (AUC) and evaluated both for uniform use in all patients and for sex-specific use in women and men separately. The prognostic end point was major adverse cardiac events (MACEs; cardiovascular death or myocardial infarction) within 2 years. For the prognostic performance, we used a multivariable model comparison with the Akaike information criterion (AIC). RESULTS: fCAD was detected in 613 of 2062 patients (29.7%) overall, 112 of 664 of women (16.9%), and 501 of 1398 of men (35.8%). hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT had comparable diagnostic accuracy when assessed for uniform use in all patients (AUC, 0.68 vs 0.66; P = 0.107) and separately in women (AUC, 0.68 vs 0.63; P = 0.068) and men (AUC, 0.65 vs 0.64; P = 0.475). However, women required lower rule-out cutoffs to achieve high sensitivity, and men needed higher rule-in cutoffs to achieve high specificity. hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT were strongly and independently associated with MACE within 2 years (P < 0.001), with comparable prognostic accuracies by the AIC. CONCLUSIONS: hs-cTnI and hs-cTnT provide moderate and comparable diagnostic accuracy. Sex-specific cutoffs may be preferred. The prognostic utility of both troponins is comparable.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Área Sob a Curva , Biomarcadores/sangue , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Fatores Sexuais , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único
13.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 107(9): 824-835, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29667014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial scar is associated with adverse cardiac outcomes. The Selvester QRS-score was developed to estimate myocardial scar from the 12-lead ECG, but its manual calculation is difficult. An automatically computed QRS-score would allow identification of patients with myocardial scar and an increased risk of mortality. OBJECTIVES: To assess the diagnostic and prognostic value of the automatically computed QRS-score. METHODS: The diagnostic value of the QRS-score computed automatically from a standard digital 12-lead was prospectively assessed in 2742 patients with suspected myocardial ischemia referred for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). The prognostic value of the QRS-score was then prospectively tested in 1151 consecutive patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with suspected acute heart failure (AHF). RESULTS: Overall, the QRS-score was significantly higher in patients with more extensive myocardial scar: the median QRS-score was 3 (IQR 2-5), 4 (IQR 2-6), and 7 (IQR 4-10) for patients with 0, 5-20 and > 20% myocardial scar as quantified by MPI (p < 0.001 for all pairwise comparisons). A QRS-score ≥ 9 (n = 284, 10%) predicted a large scar defined as > 20% of the LV with a specificity of 91% (95% CI 90-92%). Regarding clinical outcomes in patients presenting to the ED with symptoms suggestive of AHF, mortality after 1 year was 28% in patients with a QRS-score ≥ 3 as opposed to 20% in patients with a QRS-score < 3 (p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The QRS-score can be computed automatically from the 12-lead ECG for simple, non-invasive and inexpensive detection and quantification of myocardial scar and for the prediction of mortality. TRIAL-REGISTRATION: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Identifier, NCT01838148 and NCT01831115.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Cicatriz/patologia , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Processamento Eletrônico de Dados/métodos , Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade , Miocárdio/patologia , Idoso , Cicatriz/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/complicações , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Suíça/epidemiologia
14.
Clin Chem ; 64(2): 386-395, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29038153

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to prospectively advance a rule-out strategy for functionally significant coronary artery disease (CAD) by use of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) from bench to bedside, by application of a 3-step approach: validation in serum, correlation in plasma, and application on a clinical platform. METHODS: Patients without known CAD referred for rest/stress myocardial perfusion single-photon emission tomography/computer tomography (MPI-SPECT/CT) were assigned to 3 consecutive cohorts: validation, correlation, and application. Functionally relevant CAD was adjudicated with the use of expert interpretation of MPI-SPECT/CT and, if available, coronary angiography. In the validation cohort resting hs-cTnI was measured in serum before stress testing with the research Erenna system, in serum and plasma in the correlation cohort with the research Erenna system, and in plasma in the application cohort with the clinical Clarity system. RESULTS: Overall, functionally relevant CAD was adjudicated in 21% (304/1478) of patients. In the validation cohort (n = 613), hs-cTnI concentrations were significantly higher in patients with functionally relevant CAD (median 2.8 ng/L vs 1.9 ng/L, P < 0.001) as compared to patients without functionally relevant CAD and allowed a rule out with 95% sensitivity in 14% of patients. In the correlation cohort (n = 606), hs-cTnI concentrations in serum and plasma strongly correlated (Spearman r = 0.921) and had similar diagnostic accuracy as quantified by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (0.686 vs 0.678, P = 0.425). In the application cohort (n = 555), very low hs-cTnI plasma concentrations (< 0.5 ng/L) ruled out functionally relevant CAD with 95% sensitivity in 10% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: A single resting plasma hs-cTnI measurement can safely rule out functionally relevant CAD in around 10% of patients without known CAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Troponina I/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
15.
Clin Biochem ; 52: 33-40, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29107010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Single biomarker approaches provide only moderate accuracy in the non-invasive detection of exercise-induced myocardial ischemia. We therefore assessed the combination of the two most promising single biomarkers: high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). METHODS: Consecutive patients with suspected myocardial ischemia referred to stress myocardial perfusion single-photon emission tomography imaging (MPI) were enrolled. Clinical judgment (CJ) of the treating cardiologist regarding myocardial ischemia, quantified using a visual analogue scale, and blood concentrations of hs-cTnI and BNP were determined before and after stress. The presence of myocardial ischemia was adjudicated by independent cardiologists using MPI, blinded to biomarker measurements. Death and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) during follow-up were the prognostic endpoints. RESULTS: Among 1142 consecutive patients inducible myocardial ischemia was found in 456 (40%) of all patients. For the detection of inducible myocardial ischemia, CJ before exercise stress testing (CJb) showed an area under the receiver-operating-characteristics curve (AUC) of 0.66 (95%CI 0.63-0.69), hs-cTnI 0.70 (95%CI 0.67-0.73, p=0.07 vs CJb), and BNP 0.66 (95%CI 0.62-0.69, p=0.98). The use of a dual-biomarker strategy combining hs-cTnI and BNP with CJb did not provide a significant advantage over the combination of hs-cTnI alone and CJb (AUC 0.74, 95%CI 0.72-0.77 vs AUC 0.74, 95%CI 0.71-0.77, p=0.16). Hs-cTnI showed good prognostic value for AMI (HR 1.6, 95%CI 1.3-1.9), and BNP for death (HR 1.6, 95%CI 1.3-2.1). CONCLUSION: A dual-biomarker strategy combing BNP and hs-cTnI does not further increase diagnostic accuracy on top of clinical judgment and hs-cTnI alone. SUMMARY AND HIGHLIGHTS: We included 1142 consecutive patients with suspected inducible ischemia, and evaluated the added value of the biomarkers high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), alone and in combination, on top of clinical judgment. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Biochemical and Electrocardiographic Signatures in the Detection of Exercise-induced Myocardial Ischemia (BASEL VIII), NCT01838148, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01838148.


Assuntos
Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/análise , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Eletrocardiografia , Exercício , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Isquemia Miocárdica/sangue , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Troponina I/análise , Troponina I/sangue
16.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 65(7): 519-523, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28922674

RESUMO

The Swiss Society of Cardiology (SSC) and the Swiss Society of Cardiac and ThoracicVascular Surgery (SSCTVS) have formulated their mutual intent of a close, patient-oriented, and expertise-based collaboration in the Heart Team Paper. The interdisciplinary dialogue between the SSC and SSCTVS reflects an attitude in decision making, which guarantees the best possible therapy for the individual patient. At the same time, it is a cornerstone of optimized process quality, placing individual interests into the background. Evaluation of the correct indication for a treatment is indeed very challenging and almost impossible to verify retrospectively. Quality in this very important health policy process can therefore only be assured by the use of mutually recognized indications, agreed upon by all involved physicians and medical specialties, whereby the capacity of those involved in the process is not important but rather their competence. These two medical societies recognize their responsibility and have incorporated international guidelines as well as specified regulations for Switzerland. Former competitors now form an integrative consulting team able to deliver a comprehensive evaluation for patients. Naturally, implementation rests with the individual caregiver. The Heart Team Paperof the SGK and SGHC, has defined guide boards within which the involved specialists maintain sufficient room to maneuver, and patients have certainty of receiving the best possible therapy they require.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/normas , Cardiologia/normas , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/terapia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Cardiologia/organização & administração , Consenso , Comportamento Cooperativo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Inovação Organizacional , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Suíça
17.
Am J Cardiol ; 120(7): 1098-1103, 2017 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28807404

RESUMO

Our study aimed to assess predictors of the stress test technique used and to evaluate the impact of exercise level achieved on risk stratification in patients with asymptomatic type 2 diabetes without a previous coronary artery disease. Little is known whether co-morbidities of these patients predict the stress technique and whether physical performance provides risk stratification: 400 patients underwent clinical evaluation and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) using physical or pharmacological stress. Physical patients were divided into 2 groups: achieving <6 and ≥6 METs, respectively. The mean follow-up time was 2 years. Major cardiac events (MACEs) included myocardial infarction and/or cardiac death. Independent predictors of pharmacological stress were a body mass index of >30 kg/m2 (hazard ratio 1.076, 95% confidence interval 1.027 to 1.127, p = 0.002) and a peripheral arterial disease (hazard ratio 2.888, 95% confidence interval 1.446 to 5.769, p = 0.003). Pharmacological patients had more MACE than physical patients (3.2% vs 1.0%, p = 0.03). Patients achieving <6 METs had a similar MACE rate as pharmacological patients (3.0% vs 3.2%, p = not significant) and more MACE than patients achieving ≥6 METs (3.0% vs 0.4%, p = 0.01). In patients achieving <6 METs and in pharmacological patients, MPS added an incremental prognostic value to pretest information (p values for global chi-square 0.012 and 0.04, respectively). In high-risk asymptomatic diabetic patients, co-morbidities were predictive of the stress technique used. Pharmacological patients had more MACE, similar to those unable to achieve 6 METs. MPS provided an incremental prognostic value in pharmacological patients and in patients with <6METs. In contrast, patients who were able to achieve ≥6 METs were at low risk and do not need further risk stratification.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/métodos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Doenças Assintomáticas , Comorbidade/tendências , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Suíça/epidemiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos
18.
Int J Cardiol ; 244: 37-42, 2017 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28784453

RESUMO

AIMS: Evaluation of predictors of silent coronary artery disease (SCAD) in high-risk asymptomatic diabetic patients and to evaluate their two-year outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS: Four hundred diabetic patients without prior CAD but at high CAD risk underwent myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) in this prospective multicentre outcome trial. MPS were abnormal in 22% of patients. Male sex (OR 2.223, 1.152-4.290; p=0.017), diabetes duration (OR 1.049,1.015-1.085; p=0·005), peripheral artery disease (OR 2.134, 1·150-3.961; p=0.016), smoking (OR 2.064, 1.109-3.839; p=0·022), systolic blood pressure (OR 1.014, 1.00-1.03, p=0·056), brain natriuretic peptide (OR 1.002, 1.001-1.004, p=0·005) independently predicted an abnormal MPS: if <2 and >3 predictors were present, 3.2% and 47% patients had an abnormal MPS, respectively (p<0·001). Two-year major adverse cardiac event rates increased from 2·9% to 14·6%, cardiac death rates from 0·6% to 4·1% in patients with summed stress scores ≤10 and >10%, respectively (each p<0.045). CONCLUSIONS: Male sex, diabetes duration, peripheral artery disease, smoking, elevated systolic blood pressure and increased brain-natriuretic peptides independently predicted SCAD. In presence of >3 predictors, almost 50% of patients had an abnormal MPS. They may benefit from screening by MPS since the extent of the MPS abnormality discriminated clearly between a favourable compared to a bad 2-year outcome. However, even highest risk patients without objective evidence of CAD had a benign prognosis without need for specific evaluation or therapy. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN87953632.


Assuntos
Doenças Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico por imagem , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Método Simples-Cego
19.
Int J Cardiol ; 238: 166-172, 2017 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28320607

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exercise ECG stress testing is the most widely available method for evaluation of patients with suspected myocardial ischemia. Its major limitation is the relatively poor accuracy of ST-segment changes regarding ischemia detection. Little is known about the optimal method to assess ST-deviations. METHODS: A total of 1558 consecutive patients undergoing bicycle exercise stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) were enrolled. Presence of inducible myocardial ischemia was adjudicated using MPI results. The diagnostic value of ST-deviations for detection of exercise-induced myocardial ischemia was systematically analyzed 1) for each individual lead, 2) at three different intervals after the J-point (J+40ms, J+60ms, J+80ms), and 3) at different time points during the test (baseline, maximal workload, 2min into recovery). RESULTS: Exercise-induced ischemia was detected in 481 (31%) patients. The diagnostic accuracy of ST-deviations was highest at +80ms after the J-point, and at 2min into recovery. At this point, ST-amplitude showed an AUC of 0.63 (95% CI 0.59-0.66) for the best-performing lead I. The combination of ST-amplitude and ST-slope in lead I did not increase the AUC. Lead I reached a sensitivity of 37% and a specificity of 83%, with similar sensitivity to manual ECG analysis (34%, p=0.31) but lower specificity (90%, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: When using ECG stress testing for evaluation of patients with suspected myocardial ischemia, the diagnostic accuracy of ST-deviations is highest when evaluated at +80ms after the J-point, and at 2min into recovery.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Eletrocardiografia/instrumentação , Feminino , Seguimentos , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Am J Cardiol ; 119(7): 959-966, 2017 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28215415

RESUMO

We aimed to assess the diagnostic and prognostic value of ST-segment deviation in aVR, a lead often ignored in clinical practice, during exercise testing and to compare it to the most widely used criterion of ST-segment depression in V5. We enrolled 1,596 patients with suspected myocardial ischemia referred for nuclear perfusion imaging undergoing bicycle stress testing. ST-segment amplitudes in leads aVR and V5 were automatically measured. The presence of inducible myocardial ischemia was the diagnostic end point and adjudicated based on nuclear perfusion imaging and coronary angiography. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) during 2 years of follow-up including death, acute myocardial infarction, and coronary revascularization were the prognostic end point. Exercise-induced myocardial ischemia was detected in 470 patients (29%). Median ST amplitudes for leads aVR and V5 differed significantly among patients with and without ischemia (p <0.01). The diagnostic accuracy of ST changes for myocardial ischemia as quantified by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was highest 2 minutes into recovery and similar in aVR and V5 (0.62, 95% confidence interval CI 0.60 to 0.65 vs 0.60, 95% confidence interval 0.58 to 0.63, p = 0.08 for comparison). In multivariate analysis, ST changes in lead aVR, but not lead V5, contributed independent diagnostic information on top of clinical parameters and manual electrocardiographic interpretation. Within 2 years of follow-up, MACE occurred in 33% of patients with ST elevations in aVR and in 16% without (p <0.001). In conclusion, ST elevation in lead aVR during exercise testing indicates inducible myocardial ischemia independently of ST depressions in lead V5 and clinical factors and also predicts MACE during follow-up.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Prognóstico , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Tecnécio Tc 99m Sestamibi , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único
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