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1.
Radiol Med ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665430

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to evaluate the diagnostic performance of liver imaging reporting and data system (LI-RADS) version 2017 and to explore potential ways to improve the efficacy. METHODS: A total of 315 nodules were classified as LR-1 to LR-5, LR-M, and LR-TIV. New criteria were applied by adjusting the early washout onset (< 45 s) and the time of marked washout (within 3 min). Two subgroups of the LR-M nodules were recategorized as LR-5, respectively. The diagnostic performance was evaluated by calculating the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV). RESULTS: By adjusting early washout onset to < 45 s, the LR-5 as a standard for diagnosing HCC had an improved sensitivity (74.1% vs. 56.1%, P < 0.001) without significant change in PPV (93.3% vs. 96.1%, P = 0.267), but the specificity was decreased (48.3% vs. 78.5%, P = 0.018). The LR-M as a standard for the diagnosis of non-HCC malignancies had an increase in specificity (89.2% vs. 66.2%, P < 0.001) but a decrease in sensitivity (31.5% vs. 68.4%, P = 0.023). After reclassification according to the time of marked washout, the sensitivity of the LR-5 increased (80% vs. 56.1%, P < 0.001) without a change in PPV (94.9% vs. 96.1%, P = 0.626) and specificity (80% vs. 78.5%, P = 0.879). For reclassified LR-M nodules, the specificity increased (87.5% versus 66.2%, P < 0.001) with a non-significant decrease in sensitivity (47.3% vs. 68.4%, P = 0.189). CONCLUSIONS: The CEUS LI-RADS showed good confidence in diagnosing HCC while tended to misdiagnose HCC as non-HCC malignancies. Adjusting the marked washout time within 3 min would reduce the possibility of this misdiagnosis.

2.
Mol Ther ; 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563673

RESUMO

Macrophages constitute a major component in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and perform various functions to facilitate disease progression. Reprogramming or reconstituting the tumor surveillance phenotypes of macrophages represents an attractive immunotherapeutic strategy in cancer treatments. The current study identified CD169 as potential target for macrophages repolarization since it signified a population of macrophages positively correlated with activated immune signature and better prognosis of patients with HCC. In vitro experiments revealed that low-dose of type I IFN could effectively reprogram human monocyte-derived macrophages to up-regulate CD169 expression, and such induced CD169+ macrophages exhibited significantly enhanced phagocytotic and CD8+ T cell -activating capacities compared to control. Low dose of IFNα also inhibited hepatoma growth in mice in vivo, presumably through polarizing the CD169+ macrophage population and enhancing CD8+ T cell activities. Notably, IFNα also induced substantial PD-L1 expression on macrophages in vivo, thus blockade of PD-L1 could further increase the anti-tumor efficacy of IFNα in the treatment of HCC. Together, we proposed low-dose of IFNα in combination with PD-L1 blocking agent as a potential anti-tumor therapeutic strategy via its effects on macrophages polarization.

3.
Br J Radiol ; 94(1126): 20201359, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545763

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To validate the efficacy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (CEUS LI-RADS) and its major features in diagnosing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) of different sizes in high-risk patients. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2015, a total of 545 untreated liver nodules were included. These liver nodules were divided into two groups (<20 mm and ≥20 mm). Each nodule was classified based on CEUS LI-RADS. The diagnostic performance comparison was assessed by the chi-square test, with pathology results as the golden criterion. RESULTS: The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value (PPV) of CEUS LR-5 criteria in <20 mm group vs ≥20 mm group in diagnosing HCC were 60.5% vs 59.8%, 55.6% vs 57.6%, 85.7% vs 88.6 and 95.2% vs 98.5%, respectively, without significant difference (all p > 0.05). The accuracy, sensitivity and PPV of LR5/M for malignancy in <20 mm group were lower than in ≥20 mm group, with values of 79.1% vs 95.0%, 84.2% vs 95.7 and 91.4% vs 99.2%, respectively (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The CEUS LI-RADS has a comparable performance for diagnosing HCC between lesions ≥ 20 mm and <20 mm. For diagnosing malignancy including HCC, it has a higher efficacy for lesions ≥ 20 mm than <20 mm. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: 1.For diagnosing HCC, CEUS LI-RADS has comparable performances between lesions ≥ 20 mm and <20 mm.2. For diagnosing malignancy including HCC, CEUS LI-RADS has a higher efficacy for lesions ≥ 20 mm than <20 mm.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
4.
Behav Brain Res ; 417: 113562, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our previous works demonstrated that ß2-microglobulin (ß2m), a systemic pro-aging factor, induce depressive-like behaviors. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is identified as a potential target for treatment of depression. The aim of the present work is to explore whether H2S antagonizes ß2m-induced depressive-like behaviors and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: The depressive-like behaviors were detected using the novelty suppressed feeding test (NSFT), tail suspension test (TST), forced swimming test (FST) and open field test (OFT). The expressions of Warburg-related proteins, including hexokinase II (HK II), pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2), Lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA), pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) and pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1(PDK1), and synaptic plasticity-related proteins, including postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD95) and synaptophysin1 (SYN1), were determined by western blotting. RESULT: we found that NaHS (the donor of H2S) attenuated the depressive-like behaviors in the ß2m-exposed rats, as judged by NSFT, TST, FST, and OFT. We also demonstrated that NaHS enhanced the synaptic plasticity, as evidenced by the upregulations of PSD95 and SYN1 expressions in the hippocampus of ß2m-exposed rats. Furthermore, NaHS improved the Warburg effect in the hippocampus of ß2m-exposed rats, as evidenced by the upregulations of HK II, PKM2, LDHA and PDK1 expressions, and the downregulation of PDH expression. CONCLUSION: H2S prevents ß2m-induced depressive-like behaviors, which is involved in improvement of hippocampal synaptic plasticity as a result of enhancement of hippocampal Warburg effect.

5.
Int J Public Health ; 66: 1604235, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34483811

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the associations between air pollution exposure and pediatric outpatient visits for dry eye disease (DED) in Shenzhen, China. Methods: Generalized additive models were utilized to explore the acute effects of air pollution exposure on pediatric outpatient visits for DED. Results: Single-day lag exposures to NO2, O3, PM2.5, and PM10 were associated with DED outpatient visits at lag days 0, 6, 4 and 2. Relative risks (RRs) for DED given a 10-µg/m3 increase in NO2, O3, PM2.5, and PM10 concentrations were 1.062[95% confidence interval (CI) 1.003, 1.123], 1.015(95% CI 1.001, 1.031), 1.052(95% CI 1.001, 1.115), and 1.038 (95% CI 1.002, 1.076), respectively. RR for DED given a 10-µg/m3 increase in NO2 over cumulative lag days 0-1 was 1.075 (95% CI 1.009, 1.147), and RR for DED given a 10-µg/m3 increase in PM10 over cumulative lag days 0-4 was 1.051 (95% CI 1.003, 1.102). Conclusion: The observed associations between air pollution and outpatient visits for DED may provide evidence for policy makers to consider implementing measures to reduce the risk of DED owing to air pollution in China.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , Assistência Ambulatorial , Síndromes do Olho Seco , Exposição Ambiental , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Síndromes do Olho Seco/epidemiologia , Síndromes do Olho Seco/terapia , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos
6.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 413(25): 6343-6353, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378069

RESUMO

A solvent-assisted ESIPT fluorescent dye was synthesized and used as a probe (2-PPN) for the detection of F-/Ag+ and high-resolution imaging of the cilia in live cells. The developed ESIPT fluorophore exhibited strong tautomeric fluorescence in protic solvents and normal emission in aprotic solvents, which is a significant departure from that of conventional intramolecular ESIPT compounds. The H-binding interaction of F- and the chelation of Ag+ with the ESIPT module of 2-PPN resulted in significant tautomeric emission quenching. From this basis, the 2-PPN-based assays for the detection of F- and Ag+ were established. The detection limit for F- and Ag+ sensing is 2.4 nM and 1.5 nM, respectively. The selective experimental results showed that no tautomeric fluorescence change of 2-PPN could be observed in the presence of the other inorganic ions in the same medium, revealing high selectivity of 2-PPN to F- and Ag+. Furthermore, MTT assay experiments proved that the probe 2-PPN exhibited low cytotoxicity and good cell membrane permeability. The probe was also further successfully utilized to image the cilia in vitro MCF7 cells, displaying its high-resolution imaging performance.Graphical abstract.

7.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423864

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of LR-5 for diagnosing poorly differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (p-HCC). To build a contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) signature for improving the differential diagnostic performance between p-HCC and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). METHODS: The B-mode ultrasound (BUS) and CEUS features of 60 p-HCCs and 56 ICCs were retrospectively analyzed. The CEUS LI-RADS category was assigned according to CEUS LI-RADS v2017. A diagnostic CEUS signature was built based on the independent significant features. An ultrasound (US) signature combining both BUS and CEUS features was also built. The diagnostic performances of the CEUS signature, US signature, and LR-5 were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. RESULTS: One (1.7%) p-HCC and 26 (46.4%) ICC patients presented cholangiectasis or cholangiolithiasis (P < .001). Fifty-four (90.0%) p-HCCs and 8 (14.3%) ICCs showed clear boundaries in the artery phase (P < .001). The washout times of p-HCCs and ICCs were 81.0 ± 42.5 s and 34.7 ± 8.6 s, respectively (P < .001). The AUC, sensitivity, and specificity of the CEUS signature, US signature, and LR-5 were 0.955, 91.67%, and 90.57% versus 0.976, 96.67%, and 92.45% versus 0.758, 51.67%, and 100%, respectively. The AUC and sensitivity of CEUS LI-RADS were much lower than those of the CEUS and US signatures (P < .001). CONCLUSION: LR-5 had high specificity but low sensitivity in diagnosing p-HCC. When the washout time and tumor boundary were included in the CEUS signature, the sensitivity and AUC were remarkably increased in the differentiation between p-HCC and ICC.

8.
J Hepatol ; 75(3): 547-556, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33961940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Acute viral hepatitis (AVH) represents an important global health problem; however, the progress in understanding AVH is limited because of the priority of combating persistent HBV and HCV infections. Therefore, an improved understanding of the burden of AVH is required to help design strategies for global intervention. METHODS: Data on 4 major AVH types, including acute hepatitis A, B, C, and E, excluding D, were collected by the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2019 database. Age-standardized incidence rates and disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rates for AVH were extracted from GBD 2019 and stratified by sex, level of socio-demographic index (SDI), country, and territory. The association between the burden of AVH and socioeconomic development status, as represented by the SDI, was described. RESULTS: In 2019, there was an age-standardized incidence rate of 3,615.9 (95% CI 3,360.5-3,888.3) and an age-standardized DALY rate of 58.0 (47.3-70.0) per 100,000 person-years for the 4 major types of AVH. Among the major AVH types, acute hepatitis A caused the heaviest burden. There was a significant downward trend in age-standardized DALY rates caused by major incidences of AVH between 1990 and 2019. In 2019, regions or countries located in West and East Africa exhibited the highest age-standardized incidence rates of the 4 major AVH types. These rates were stratified by SDI: high SDI and high-middle SDI locations recorded the lowest incidence and DALY rates of AVH, whereas the low-middle SDI and low SDI locations showed the highest burden of AVH. CONCLUSIONS: The socioeconomic development status and burden of AVH are associated. Therefore, the GBD 2019 data should be used by policymakers to guide cost-effective interventions for AVH. LAY SUMMARY: We identified a negative association between socioeconomic development status and the burden of acute viral hepatitis. The lowest burden of acute viral hepatitis was noted for rich countries, whereas the highest burden of acute viral hepatitis was noted for poor countries.

9.
IEEE J Biomed Health Inform ; 25(10): 3943-3954, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34018938

RESUMO

When encountering a dubious diagnostic case, medical instance retrieval can help radiologists make evidence-based diagnoses by finding images containing instances similar to a query case from a large image database. The similarity between the query case and retrieved similar cases is determined by visual features extracted from pathologically abnormal regions. However, the manifestation of these regions often lacks specificity, i.e., different diseases can have the same manifestation, and different manifestations may occur at different stages of the same disease. To combat the manifestation ambiguity in medical instance retrieval, we propose a novel deep framework called Y-Net, encoding images into compact hash-codes generated from convolutional features by feature aggregation. Y-Net can learn highly discriminative convolutional features by unifying the pixel-wise segmentation loss and classification loss. The segmentation loss allows exploring subtle spatial differences for good spatial-discriminability while the classification loss utilizes class-aware semantic information for good semantic-separability. As a result, Y-Net can enhance the visual features in pathologically abnormal regions and suppress the disturbing of the background during model training, which could effectively embed discriminative features into the hash-codes in the retrieval stage. Extensive experiments on two medical image datasets demonstrate that Y-Net can alleviate the ambiguity of pathologically abnormal regions and its retrieval performance outperforms the state-of-the-art method by an average of 9.27% on the returned list of 10.

10.
Rice (N Y) ; 14(1): 22, 2021 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33638765

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bacterial blight (BB), caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) is one of the most devastating bacterial diseases of rice in temperate and tropical regions. Breeding and deployment of resistant cultivars carrying major resistance (R) genes has been the most effective approach for BB management. However, because of specific interaction of each R gene with the product of the corresponding pathogen avirulence or effector gene, new pathogen strains that can overcome the deployed resistance often emerge rapidly. To deal with ever-evolving Xoo, it is necessary to identify novel R genes and resistance quantitative trait loci (QTL). RESULTS: BB resistance of a diverse panel of 340 accessions from the 3000 Rice Genomes Project (3 K RGP) was evaluated by artificial inoculation with four representative Xoo strains, namely Z173 (C4), GD1358 (C5), V from China and PXO339 (P9a) from Philippines. Using the 3 K RG 4.8mio filtered SNP Dataset, a total of 11 QTL associated with BB resistance on chromosomes 4, 5, 11 and 12 were identified through a genome-wide association study (GWAS). Among them, eight resistance loci, which were narrowed down to relatively small genomic intervals, coincided with previously reported QTL or R genes, e.g. xa5, xa25, xa44(t). The other three QTL were putative novel loci associated with BB resistance. Linear regression analysis showed a dependence of BB lesion length on the number of favorable alleles, suggesting that pyramiding QTL using marker-assisted selection would be an effective approach for improving resistance. In addition, the Hap2 allele of LOC_Os11g46250 underlying qC5-11.1 was validated as positively regulating resistance against strain C5. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide valuable information for the genetic improvement of BB resistance and application of germplasm resources in rice breeding programs.

11.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(3): 2577-2583, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the prognostic role of ovarian endometriosis in symptomatic adenomyosis patients underwent uterine artery embolization (UAE). METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center study. A total of 76 patients with adenomyosis who underwent UAE in The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between May 2009 and July 2016 were enrolled in this study. These patients were divided into two groups based on whether complicated with ovarian endometriosis. After UAE, the patients were followed up for 12 months. The improvements of dysmenorrhea and menorrhagia were evaluated according to the symptom relief criteria. The improvement rates in both groups were analyzed and compared. RESULTS: Among the 76 patients with adenomyosis, 17 (22.3%) were diagnosed with OE and 59 (77.6%) were non-OE. In the OE group, all patients (17/17, 100%) had dysmenorrhea and 11 (11/17, 64.7%) had menorrhagia. In non-OE group, 57 patients (57/59, 96.6%) had dysmenorrhea and 50 (50/59, 84.7%) had menorrhagia. The improvement rates of dysmenorrhea in the two groups were 47.1% (OE group) and 86.0% (non-OE group), respectively (P<0.05). The improvement rates of menorrhagia in the two groups were 63.6% (OE group) and 84.0% (non-OE group), respectively (P=0.263). CONCLUSIONS: Patients without OE showed a lower incidence of dysmenorrhea and may have an advantage in the improvement of dysmenorrhea compared with those with OE when they underwent UAE. However, no significant difference was observed in the improvement of menorrhagia.


Assuntos
Adenomiose , Endometriose , Embolização da Artéria Uterina , Adenomiose/terapia , Endometriose/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 211: 111913, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33493721

RESUMO

Effective management of municipal solid waste (MSW) is essential for the conservation of ecosystems in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP). Considering the landfill is the major method of MSW management, the factors influencing groundwater contamination near MSW landfill sites in the QTP were studied, based on field investigations, environmental impact assessment, and meteorological and hydrogeological analyses. Results indicated that the groundwater was contaminated heavily by nitrate (PI = 7.5), particularly in the landfill without an anti-seepage system, followed by nitrite (PI = 3.5) and heavy metals including arsenic (PI = 4.1) and hexavalent chromium (PI = 2.8). Total hardness, total dissolved solids, nitrate, and lead in the groundwater near the investigated landfill sites were significantly different between the monsoon and the cold seasons. Both the rainfall infiltration and the leachate infiltration were considerably limited by environmental characteristics in the QTP, including high evaporation, low rainfall, and the presence of permafrost. Soil sample contamination near landfill sites was considered as moderate (28.6% of the soil samples) and moderate to heavy (71.4% of the soil samples), based on the geoaccumulation index of mercury. However, comparatively low generation and concentrations of leachate and good topsoil quality (PI = 0.84) reduced the quantity of pollutants infiltrating into the groundwater. The alkaline leachate (pH = 7.45-9.23) and soil (pH = 7.08-8.72) also considerably decreased the concentrations of contaminants dissolved in the infiltrated rainfall and leachate. Additionally, low groundwater level can delay preferential flow and enhance attenuation. Therefore, the groundwater contamination near the landfill sites was simply point pollution, which was influenced by leachate, soil, climate, and hydrogeology characteristics in the QTP. The anti-seepage system is a potential strategy for use in the prevention of groundwater contamination by MSW landfills in the QTP.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Água Subterrânea/química , Instalações de Eliminação de Resíduos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Ecossistema , Água Subterrânea/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Nitratos/análise , Eliminação de Resíduos/métodos , Estações do Ano , Solo , Resíduos Sólidos/análise , Tibet , Gerenciamento de Resíduos
13.
Clin Exp Hypertens ; 43(1): 26-33, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests that hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) and hyperlipidemia have been recognized as two independent risks for cardiovascular disease. However, the association between hyperlipidemia and HHcy in hypertensive patients has not been systemically elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and HHcy in hypertensive patients. METHODS: From July 2013 to March 2014, a large cross-sectional study was performed using 4012 participants from urban and rural communities in Hunan province, China. Participants underwent accurate assessment of lipid profiles, homocysteine (Hcy), anthropometric, blood pressure, and other biochemical indicators. RESULTS: Among 1257 participants with hypertension, 626 (49.80%) were men and 631 (50.20%) were women. In total, 1081 (86.00%) of the participants were found to have HHcy, of which 559 (44.47%) were men and 522 (41.53%) were women. In the univariate analysis, the OR for patients with hypertension associated with hyperhomocysteinemia was significantly enhanced as the quartiles of the Log VLDL were increased. OR for quartile 4 was significantly higher than that for quartile 1 (OR = 3.7, 95% CI: 2.6-5.1; P< .001). Additional adjustment for the confounding variables did not reduce the ORs for the association between the Log VLDL and hypertension associated with hyperhomocysteinemia (OR = 3.8, 95% CI: 2.7-5.5; P< .001; OR = 4.3, 95% CI: 1.6-11.8; P= .004, respectively). We also conducted analyses with Log VLDL as a continuous variable. Each unit increase in the Log VLDL was associated with the 1.3-fold increased risk of hypertension associated with hyperhomocysteinemia (95% CI: 1.9-2.9; P< .001). Adjusting for Cr, TG, TC, and HDL did not affect the relationship. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that the Log VLDL concentrations appear to be an independent contributor to hypertension associated with hyperhomocysteinemia, even after adjusting for age and other covariables. The utility of the Log VLDL as a diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic indicator for the disease warrants further investigation. ABBREVIATIONS: HHcy: hyperhomocysteinemia; Hcy: homocysteine; VLDL: very low-density lipoprotein; CVD: cardiovascular disease; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; BMI: body mass index; ALT: alanine aminotransferase; Cr: creatinine; UA: uric acid; TG: triglycerides; TC: total cholesterol; HDL: high-density lipoprotein; LDL: low-density lipoprotein; FBG: fasting blood glucose; CRP: C-reactive protein; MTHFR: methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase; NO: nitric oxide; HDL-C: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.


Assuntos
Hiper-Homocisteinemia/sangue , Hiperlipidemias/sangue , Hipertensão/sangue , Lipoproteínas VLDL/sangue , Idoso , Alanina Transaminase , Antropometria , Pressão Sanguínea , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Colesterol/sangue , Creatinina , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/epidemiologia , Hiperlipidemias/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Lipoproteínas HDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Ácido Úrico/sangue
14.
Lipids ; 56(1): 93-100, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32954499

RESUMO

Previous studies have explored the relationship between homocystein (Hcy) and lipid profiles. However, the results from these studies have been inconsistent. The current study investigated the correlation between Hcy and lipid profiles in Chinese community-based population. The participants were composed of 4012 Chinese people aged 30-92 years old, who were recruited from rural and urban communities in the Hunan Province. Non-parametric test and logistic regression were used to examine the distribution of Hcy and lipid profiles (triglyceride [TG], total cholesterol [TC], low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C], high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C]) and the relationship between them. The median age of subjects was 54.50 years old, and 40.98% were male. Median Hcy was 13.20 µmol/L, and 35.39% had hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy). Median TG was 1.51 mmol/L, TC was 4.77 mmol/L, LDL-C was 2.62 mmol/L, and HDL-C was 1.27 mmol/L. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, HHcy was associated with high levels of TG (ORmale = 2.240, p < 0.001; ORfemale = 2.539, p < 0.001), TC (ORmale = 2.237, p < 0.001; ORfemale = 2.202, p < 0.001), and LDL-C (ORmale = 1.413, p = 0.010; ORfemale = 1.617, p < 0.001) in the different sexes population and low level of HDL-C in females (OR = 1.326, p = 0.023) after adjusting for confounders. HHcy was independently associated with an increasing risk of low HDL-C among females. The regression analysis showed that HHcy was also associated with hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, and high level of LDL-C in males and females from Chinese community-based population, which provides a basis for the treatment and prevention of abnormal lipid metabolism.

15.
IEEE Trans Neural Netw Learn Syst ; 32(3): 1276-1288, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305944

RESUMO

Recent deep trackers have shown superior performance in visual tracking. In this article, we propose a cascaded correlation refinement approach to facilitate the robustness of deep tracking. The core idea is to address accurate target localization and reliable model update in a collaborative way. To this end, our approach cascades multiple stages of correlation refinement to progressively refine target localization. Thus, the localized object could be used to learn an accurate on-the-fly model for improving the reliability of model update. Meanwhile, we introduce an explicit measure to identify the tracking failure and then leverage a simple yet effective look-back scheme to adaptively incorporate the initial model and on-the-fly model to update the tracking model. As a result, the tracking model can be used to localize the target more accurately. Extensive experiments on OTB2013, OTB2015, VOT2016, VOT2018, UAV123, and GOT-10k demonstrate that the proposed tracker achieves the best robustness against the state of the arts.

16.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 51(4): 1113-1119, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32885382

RESUMO

Many studies have shown that uric acid was related to hypertension. However, the association dependence on body mass index (BMI) or age was unclear. This study was performed with a group of 4012 Chinese population aged 30 to 92 years old. Subjects were divided into four groups according to the quartiles of uric acid (UA) concentration [First group: ≤ 231 µmol/L (reference), Second group: 231-289 µmol/L, Third group: 289-362 µmol/L, Fourth group: > 362 µmol/L]. Hypertension was defined as newly measured blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg or taking antihypertensive drugs. Stratified analysis based on BMI (< 28 kg/m2 vs ≥ 28 kg/m2) and age (< 60 years old vs ≥ 60 years old) to analyze the association between UA and hypertension. Subjects were 54.50 (45.00, 63.00) years old, and 40.98% were male, 38.33% were hypertension. Adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for the association of UA and hypertension were 2.226 (1.662, 2.980), 4.340 (3.253, 5.790), 5.898 (4.434, 7.845) and 6.557 (4.927, 8.727) in the four groups among ≥ 60 years old respectively comparing with first group among < 60 years old. Adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for the association between UA and hypertension were 2.170 (1.236, 3.808), 5.260 (3.267, 8.468), 9.056 (5.509, 14.888) and 3.730 (2.529, 5.550) in the four groups among BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2 respectively comparing with first group among BMI < 28 kg/m2. Uric acid was significantly associated with the hypertension. The association was stronger among subjects ≥ 60 years old or BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2.

17.
Life Sci ; 266: 118906, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338502

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of TRPA1 in the pathogenesis of AD. MAIN METHODS: The experimental atopic dermatitis (AD)-like skin lesions were established using 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB). Mice were divided into three groups: TRPA1-/- and WT groups were treated with DNCB dissolved in a 3:1 mixture of acetone and olive oil; the negative control group was treated with 3:1 mixture of acetone and olive oil without DNCB. The treatment lasted for 21 days, after which the animals were sacrificed and their blood, ears and dorsal skin tissue samples were collected for analysis. KEY FINDINGS: Lower dermatitis score, ear thickness, pruritus score, and epidermal hyperplasia were observed in mice in TRPA1-/- mice compared to the WT group. Besides, lower dermal mast cell infiltration, proinflammatory cytokines, Th2 cytokines and the infiltration of macrophages were observed in the TRPA1-/- mice compared to the WT group. Furthermore, we demonstrated that TRPA1 antagonist HC-030031 could alleviate AD-like symptoms and reduce the degree of epidermal hyperplasia in mice. SIGNIFICANCE: TRPA1 has a crucial role during the AD pathogenesis in mice, thus may be used as a potential new target for treating patients with chronic skin inflammatory disease.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica/complicações , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Macrófagos/imunologia , Mastócitos/imunologia , Prurido/prevenção & controle , Canal de Cátion TRPA1/fisiologia , Acetanilidas/farmacologia , Animais , Dermatite Atópica/induzido quimicamente , Dermatite Atópica/patologia , Dinitroclorobenzeno/toxicidade , Inflamação/etiologia , Inflamação/patologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Mastócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Prurido/etiologia , Prurido/patologia , Purinas/farmacologia , Canal de Cátion TRPA1/antagonistas & inibidores
18.
Front Neurol ; 11: 617878, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33281740

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fneur.2020.563609.].

19.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 563, 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bacterial blight, which is caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), is a devastating rice disease worldwide. Rice introgression line H471, derived from the recurrent parent Huang-Hua-Zhan (HHZ) and the donor parent PSBRC28, exhibits broad-spectrum resistance to Xoo, including to the highly virulent Xoo strain PXO99A, whereas its parents are susceptible to PXO99A. To characterize the responses to Xoo, we compared the proteome profiles of the host and pathogen in the incompatible interaction (H471 inoculated with PXO99A) and the compatible interaction (HHZ inoculated with PXO99A). RESULTS: In this study, a total of 374 rice differentially abundant proteins (DAPs) and 117 Xoo DAPs were detected in the comparison between H471 + PXO99A and HHZ + PXO99A. Most of the Xoo DAPs related to pathogen virulence, including the outer member proteins, type III secretion system proteins, TonB-dependent receptors, and transcription activator-like effectors, were less abundant in the incompatible interaction than in the compatible interaction. The rice DAPs were mainly involved in secondary metabolic processes, including phenylalanine metabolism and the biosynthesis of flavonoids and phenylpropanoids. Additionally, some DAPs involved in the phenolic phytoalexin and salicylic acid (SA) biosynthetic pathways accumulated much more in H471 than in HHZ after the inoculation with PXO99A, suggesting that phytoalexin and SA productions were induced faster in H471 than in HHZ. Further analyses revealed that the SA content increased much more rapidly in H471 than in HHZ after the inoculation, suggesting that the SA signaling pathway was activated faster in the incompatible interaction than in the compatible interaction. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our results indicate that during an incompatible interaction between H471 and PXO99A, rice plants prevent pathogen invasion and also initiate multi-component defense responses that inhibit disease development.


Assuntos
Oryza/metabolismo , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteoma , Xanthomonas/fisiologia , Oryza/microbiologia , Proteômica
20.
Front Neurol ; 11: 563609, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33071947

RESUMO

Background: Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD) is an X-linked recessive lethal neuromuscular disease. MicroRNAs expressed in striated muscle, myomiRs, have been proposed as its potential biomarkers. Serum creatine kinase (CK) is commonly used as a biomarker in clinical practice, but it is not reliable. The aim of this study was to assess whether serum levels of myomiRs has diagnostic value for detection of female DMD/BMD carriers with normal or elevated CK. Methods: Thirty four female carriers and 33 age-matched healthy female controls were enrolled. Peripheral blood samples were collected and serum miRNAs were extracted for measurement of miR-1, miR-133a, miR-133b, miR-206, miR-208a, miR-208b, and miR-499 by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: MiR-1, miR-133a, miR-133b, miR-206, miR-208a, miR-208b, and miR-499 were upregulated in all female carriers in comparison to healthy controls. MiR-1 (Spearman's rho = +0.406, p = 0.017) was correlated with CK in the female carrier group. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of all seven myomiRs showed that the area under the curve (AUC) for miR-499, miR-133b, miR-1, miR-208b, and miR-133a exceeded 70.0%, and for miR-206 and miR-208a exceeded 60.0%. MiR-133b and miR-499 were significantly increased in all female carriers, even those with normal CK. AUC for the combination of all seven miRNAs was 87.2%. CK (OR 0.406, 95% CI 0.000-0.001, p < 0.0001) and miR-499 (OR 0.323, 95% CI 0.023-0.106, p = 0.003) were considered to be independent predictors for female carriers presence in the multivariable regression analysis model. Conclusions: MiR-133b and miR-499 are potentially useful biomarkers for female carriers with DMD/BMD (including those with normal CK). The combination of all seven serum miRNAs and their respective combinations with CK have better diagnostic value for female carriers than either CK or any separate miRNA.

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