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Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(20): 4448-4453, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872631


Musk,with unique and intense perfume,was a kind of deep brown precious medicinal material in traditional Chinese medicine. However,the immature musk in musk pot was white and stench. Given the fact that bacterial diversity generated odorous metabolites in animal hosts,in this study,musk samples at three different mature stages,including MJ( the end of June),MA( the end of August) and MO( the end of October) were harvested from three male forest musk deer,and then next-generation sequencing was used to intensively survey the bacterial communities in musk harvested at different mature stages. RESULTS: indicated that the average OTUs per sample at the end of June,August and October were 47 116. 00 ± 1 567. 24( SE),52 009. 00 ± 8 958. 75( SE) and50 004. 67±4 135. 57( SE),respectively. Feature of the musk 16 S rRNA gene showed a total of 418 genera belonging to 52 phyla were observed in all samples. The main microbiota was bacteria,which accounted for 98. 82%,99. 95% and 99. 58% in MJ,MA and MO,respectively. At phylum level,Firmicutes was the most abundant bacterial of MA( 32. 75%) and MO( 39. 19%). While,the major bacterial in MJ was Proteobacteria( 49. 14%). PICRUSt analysis revealed the functions of bacterial in MJ were mainly involved in secretion,while bacterial functions of MA and MO were mainly involved in amino acid or other substance metabolism,which was in accord with the musk secretion physiological process of forest musk deer. This is the first study involved in the bacterial diversity in musk of forest musk deer across the maturation process,while may provide a new insight into the musk generation mechanism.

Cervos/microbiologia , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados , Animais , Florestas , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Masculino
Mol Phylogenet Evol ; 117: 75-82, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28606444


The larva of Spirometra erinaceieuropaei can parasitize humans, causing a serious parasitic zoonosis known as sparganosis. Although it is medically important, our knowledge about the phylogenetic position of S. erinaceieuropaei and its evolutionary history is fragmentary. In this study, complete mitochondrial (mt) genomes of 4 geographically distinct isolates of S. erinaceieuropaei spargana collected from 4 frog hosts (Hylarana guentheri, Rana nigromaculata, R. rugulosa, R. temporaria) were characterized using an Illumina sequencing platform. In addition, all available mt genomes of Cestoda in GenBank were included to reconstruct the phylogeny and to explore the evolutionary history of these tapeworms. The genome features of S. erinaceieuropaei contained 12 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes and 2 non-coding regions. Nucleotide sequences of mtDNA from different frog hosts were similar. Three genes, cox1, cytb and nad4, had high levels of nucleotide diversity. Phylogenetic analyses supported the sibling relationship between Bothriocephalidae and Diphyllobothriidae. Molecular dating analysis indicated that the divergence between Diphyllobothrium and Diplogonoporus started in the late Miocene. The mt genomes of S. erinaceieuropaei will serve as a useful dataset for studying the genetics and systematics of the species of Spirometra genus in particular and diphyllobothriid tapeworms in general.

Genoma Mitocondrial/genética , Genômica , Filogenia , Spirometra/classificação , Spirometra/genética , Animais , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Genética Populacional , Humanos , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Ranidae/parasitologia
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 40(22): 4319-23, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27097400


Forest musk deer is one of the large-scale farming musk deer animals with the largest population at the same time. The male musk deer can secrete valuable medicines, which has high medicinal and economic value. Due to the loss of habitat and indiscriminate hunting, the numbers of wild population specie and the distribution have been drastically reduced. Therefore, in-depth understanding of the molecular genetics progress of forest musk deer will pave a way for musk deer protection and breeding. In this review, the progress associated with the molecular marker, genetic classification, artificial breeding, musk secretion and disease in past decades were reviewed, in order to provide a theoretical basis for subsequent molecular genetic researches in forest musk deer.

Cervos/genética , Animais , Cruzamento , Cervos/classificação , Cervos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cervos/metabolismo , Ecossistema , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/química , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/metabolismo , Feminino , Masculino
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 39(23): 4522-5, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25911794


Forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii), a rare wild medicinal animal, is listed under the category of the state key protected wildlife list of China. Musk, secreted by the musk glands, is with high economic and medicinal value and used as precious traditional medicine in China. In order to meet the needs of musk in Chinese traditional medicine, forest musk deer farming was conducted in 1950s, but the research progress on musk secretion mechanism was slow. Therefore, by reviewing the histological and anatomical structure of forest musk deer musk gland, the relationship between sex hormones and the musk secretion process, and the molecular mechanism of the musk secretion, the existing problems in investigating the musk secretion mechanism were analyzed and the development trends in this field were also discussed, in order to provide a reference for further studies on the musk secretion mechanism and improve musk production of forest musk deer.

Cervos/metabolismo , Glândulas Exócrinas/química , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/química , Animais , Glândulas Exócrinas/anatomia & histologia , Glândulas Exócrinas/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/metabolismo , Masculino