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1.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 171, 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596860

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is uncertainty in the literature about preserving the left colic artery (LCA) during low anterior resection for rectal cancer. We analyzed the effect of preserving the LCA on long-term oncological outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively collected clinicopathological and follow-up details of patients who underwent low anterior resection for rectal cancer in the General Surgery Department of Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, from January 2014 to December 2015. Cases were divided into low ligation (LL), LCA preserved, or high ligation (HL), LCA not preserved, of the inferior mesenteric artery. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Altogether, there were 221 and 295 cases in the LL group and HL groups, respectively. Operating time in the LL group was significantly longer than in the HL group (224.7 vs. 211.7 min, p = 0.039). Postoperative 30-day mortality, early complications including anastomotic leakage showed no significant differences between the LL and HL groups (postoperative 30-day mortality, 0.9% LL, 1.4% HL, p = 0.884; early complications, 41.2% LL, 38.3% HL, p = 0.509; anastomotic leakage 8.6% LL, 13.2% HL, p = 0.100). The median follow-up periods were 51.4 (7-61) months in the LL group and 51.2 (8-61) months in the HL group. During follow-up, the percentages of patients who died, had local recurrence, or had metastases were 39.8, 7.7, and 38.5%, respectively, in the LL group and 39, 8.5, and 40%, respectively, in the HL group; these differences were not significant (all p > 0.05). The 5-year OS and DFS were 69.6 and 59.6% in the LL group, respectively, and 69.1 and 56.2% in the HL group, respectively; these differences were not significant (all p > 0.05). After stratification by tumor-node-metastasis stage, the difference between the 5-year OS and DFS for stages I, II, and III cancer were not significant (all p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The long-term oncological outcomes of LL group are comparable with HL group. LL cannot be supported due to the absence of lower complication rates and the longer operating times.

2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(5): 1647-1655, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497204

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are single-electron-bearing oxidation-reduction products that are mainly produced in mitochondria. Excessive ROS accumulation may lead to oxidative damage. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is an essential component of brain phospholipids and is mainly derived from the diet. Its antioxidant activities have been extensively studied. However, its regulatory roles in mitochondria and the underlying mechanism remain to be elucidated. In this study, the DHA's effect on cellular antioxidant capacity and mitochondrial functions was examined in HepG2 cells. The results showed that 100 µM DHA decreased cellular and mitochondrial ROS levels to 75.2 ± 9.4% (P < 0.05) and 55.1 ± 1.4% (P < 0.01), respectively. It also increased the total antioxidant capacity by 55.6 ± 0.1 and 49.2 ± 1.1% (P < 0.05), based on ABTS and FRAP assay results, respectively. Consistently, it increased the activities and gene expression of major antioxidant enzymes by at least 35 and 40% (P < 0.05), respectively. Furthermore, DHA promoted mitochondrial functions and biogenesis. These data suggested that DHA's antioxidant activity can be attributed to its enhancement of mitochondrial functions and biogenesis. This study may shed light on the molecular mechanisms underlying DHA's function in improving resistance to and relieving the symptoms of chronic disease.

3.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 62(1): 30, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507229

RESUMO

Purpose: To characterize longitudinal changes in macular microvasculature as quantified from optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) metrics in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) eyes with and without high myopia. Methods: In total, 63 and 61 POAG eyes with and without high myopia, respectively, underwent swept-source OCTA imaging in at least four follow-up visits at an ophthalmic center, with a scanning protocol of 3- × 3-mm centered at the fovea. The foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, FAZ circularity, and vessel density (VD) in both the superficial (SCP) and deep capillary plexuses (DCP) were measured. The rate of change in macular OCTA metrics over time was estimated using linear mixed-effects models in both groups of POAG eyes. Results: The mean follow-up time and number of visits were 27.72 ± 8.57 months and 8.5 (8 to 13) times, and 30.95 ± 10.19 months and 10 (8‒13) times in POAG eyes with and without high myopia, respectively. VD in the DCP reduced significantly more quickly in POAG eyes with high myopia than in those without high myopia (-5.14%/year vs. -3.71%/year, P = 0.008). Moreover, lower baseline VD in the DCP was significantly associated with faster VD reduction in POAG with high myopia eyes (P < 0.001). Conversely, the VD reduction rate in the SCP, FAZ area, and FAZ circularity in both the SCP and DCP were similar in both groups (all Ps > 0.05). Conclusions: VD in DCP reduced significantly more quickly in POAG eyes with high myopia over time. Density in the DCP reduced more quickly when baseline VD was low.

4.
Microb Ecol ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33415384

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the fungal diversity and its temporal and spatial dynamics in the rhizosphere soil of healthy cotton by high-throughput sequencing. We studied species richness, composition, and distribution of cotton rhizosphere fungal community with respect to location (Alaer, Kuerle, Tumushuke, Hami, Shihezi, Wusu, and Jinghe) and plant growth period (seedling stage, bud stage, flowering stage, and boll-opening stage) using the methods of PCR-based high-throughput sequencing and real-time quantitative PCR. A total of 1,838,454 fungal nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region sequences (rRNA ITS) were obtained from all cotton plants sampled at different growth stages in the seven locations in Xinjiang. The most abundant fungal group in the cotton rhizosphere was the Ascomycota (78.72%), followed by the Zygomycota (9.56%) and Basidiomycota (2.77%). These sequences revealed an enormous number of operational taxonomic units (OTUs) in cotton (1802 unique OTUs), with 67-464 OTUs in a single cotton sample, at a 3% threshold and a sequencing depth of 30,000 sequences. We identified 33 classes and 389 genera from the resulting 1,800,714 sequences. Sordariomycetes was the most frequent class in all samples, followed by Leotiomycetes and Eurotiomycetes. There were some differences in OTUs among different growth stages, but the differences were not significant, with 382 OTUs (14.66%) being common to each of the stages. A marked difference in the diversity of fungi in the rhizosphere soil of cotton was evident among the different locations, with the highest number of OTUs being detected in Jinghe (1084 OTUs) and clusters of OTUs representative of northern and eastern Xinjiang being detected. There were significantly more tags of Mortierella in Jinghe and Wusu than in the other sampling sites. The dynamics of the rhizosphere fungal communities were influenced by sampling sites. To the best of our knowledge, the current study is the first application of PCR-based Illumina to characterize and compare the fungal biodiversity in multiple rhizosphere soil samples from cotton.

5.
Molecules ; 26(2)2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33467706

RESUMO

Recently, cultivated "Qi-Nan" (CQN) agarwood has emerged as a new high-quality agarwood in the agarwood market owing to its similar characteristics, such as high content of resin and richness in two 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone derivatives, 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone (59) and 2-[2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethyl]chromone (60), to the wild harvested "Qi-Nan" (WQN) agarwood. In this study, we compared the chemical constituents and fragrant components of two types of WQN agarwood from A. agallocha Roxb. and A. sinensis, respectively, with CQN agarwood and ordinary agarwood varieties. Additionally, we analyzed different samples of WQN agarwood and CQN agarwood by GC-MS, which revealed several noteworthy differences between WQN and CQN agarwood. The chemical diversity of WQN was greater than that of CQN agarwood. The content of (59) and (60) was higher in CQN agarwood than in WQN agarwood. For the sesquiterpenes, the richness and diversity of sesquiterpenes in WQN agarwood, particularly guaiane and agarofuran sesquiterpenes, were higher than those in CQN. Moreover, guaiane-furans sesquiterpenes were only detected by GC-MS in WQN agarwood of A. sinensis and could be a chemical marker for the WQN agarwood of A. sinensis. In addition, we summarized the odor descriptions of the constituents and established the correlation of scents and chemical constituents in the agarwood.

6.
Elife ; 102021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448264

RESUMO

When bacterial cells come in contact, antagonism mediated by the delivery of toxins frequently ensues. The potential for such encounters to have long-term beneficial consequences in recipient cells has not been investigated. Here, we examined the effects of intoxication by DddA, a cytosine deaminase delivered via the type VI secretion system (T6SS) of Burkholderia cenocepacia. Despite its killing potential, we observed that several bacterial species resist DddA and instead accumulate mutations. These mutations can lead to the acquisition of antibiotic resistance, indicating that even in the absence of killing, interbacterial antagonism can have profound consequences on target populations. Investigation of additional toxins from the deaminase superfamily revealed that mutagenic activity is a common feature of these proteins, including a representative we show targets single-stranded DNA and displays a markedly divergent structure. Our findings suggest that a surprising consequence of antagonistic interactions between bacteria could be the promotion of adaptation via the action of directly mutagenic toxins.

7.
Food Chem ; 339: 128114, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152890

RESUMO

Lipids are hydrophobic metabolites implicated in tea flavor quality. Understanding their transformations during tea manufacture is of particular interest. To date, the detailed lipid composition and variations during green tea manufacture are largely unknown. Herein, we performed a comprehensive characterization of the dynamic changes of lipids during green tea manufacture, by applying nontargeted lipidomics using ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-Orbitrap mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-Exactive/MS) combined with chemometric tools. Totally, 283 lipid species were detected, covering 20 subclasses. Significant lipidomic variations were observed during green tea manufacture, especially in the fixation stage, mainly associated with chlorophyll decomposition, phosphatidic acids (PAs) reduction and glycolipids degradation, which potentially contribute to tea color and aroma quality. Specifically, the most prominent decrease of PAs content during green tea manufacture was identified for the first time. This study provides insights into the lipid metabolic fates upon green tea manufacture, and their roles in green tea sensory quality.


Assuntos
Lipidômica/métodos , Lipídeos/análise , Lipídeos/química , Chá/química , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cor , Indústria de Processamento de Alimentos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Espectrometria de Massas , Odorantes/análise
8.
J Sex Med ; 18(2): 275-283, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although some recent neuroimaging studies have indicated the abnormal brain structure or function in patients with lifelong premature ejaculation (LPE), whether and how the abnormal thalamic function participates in processing sexual behavioral information are still unclear in patients with LPE. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the changes in the thalamus metabolism and structural integrity in patients with LPE. METHODS: We performed a multimodal magnetic resonance approach in a 3.0 T system, including proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS), diffusion tensor imaging, and volumetric analysis to detect the differences in thalamic metabolism and structure between 20 patients with LPE and 15 healthy controls. OUTCOMES: We analyzed and correlated the clinical symptoms of the subjects with significant 1H-MRS-based features. Peak areas of N-acetylaspartate, choline, creatine (Cr), and glutamate/glutamine (Glu) were calculated with the LCModel software. RESULTS: Diffusion tensor imaging and volumetric analysis of thalami showed no differences between the 2 groups. On the contrary, 1H-MRS study disclosed that both Glu concentrations and Glu/Cr ratio values in the thalami of patients with LPE were remarkably increased when compared with healthy controls (P < .01 for both variables). In addition, both the intravaginal ejaculatory latency time score and Chinese Index of Sexual Function for Premature Ejaculation-5 score were negatively related to increased Glu concentrations and Glu/Cr ratio values. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Glutamatergic activity changes of thalamus may be an underlying indicator for evaluating sensory conduction efficiency in patients with LPE. STRENGTHS & LIMITATIONS: The present study first found the abnormal thalamic metabolism in patients with LPE and contributed to a better understanding of the LPE etiology. Limitations include a cross-sectional study design with small samples and no examination of other brain areas. CONCLUSION: Our findings show that the increase in glutamatergic activity of thalamus is related to LPE, suggesting that the increased Glu neurotransmission in the thalamus may contribute to the development of premature ejaculation. Xia J-D, Chen F, Zhang Q-J, et al. Abnormal Thalamic Metabolism in Patients With Lifelong Premature Ejaculation. J Sex Med 2021;18:275-283.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 753: 141949, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891999

RESUMO

Bisphenol S (BPS) is the major substitute for the production of bisphenol A (BPA)-free products and detected in both food and environment. Although the relationship between BPA exposure and increased risk of obesity and diabetes has been noted, the potential influence of BPS is not fully understood. Herein, a non-targeted lipidomic study was performed to explore BPA/BPS exposure actions using the 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation model, and revealed the comprehensive lipidome disturbance induced by either BPA or BPS exposure at different doses of 0.01, 1 and 100 µM. BPA was more potent than BPS in disturbance of lipid metabolism. A considerable similarity of BPS exposure to BPA was discovered. The key lipid remodeling in response to exposure was found to involve the cardiolipins, phosphatidylglycerols and fatty acids metabolic pathways, providing novel clues of potential mechanism in which both BPA and BPS exposure could be associated with increased risk of insulin resistance. Our study supplies the perspective into the lipidome response to environmental stress induced by BPA/BPS, and shows that BPA-free products are not necessarily safer. Substitution of BPA by its structural analog BPS should be therefore performed with caution.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos , Lipidômica , Animais , Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Camundongos , Fenóis/toxicidade , Sulfonas
10.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33275816

RESUMO

AIMS: To search for a set of reference genes for reliable gene expression analysis in the globally important marine coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi -virus model system. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifteen housekeeping genes (CDKA, CYP15, EFG3, POLAI, RPL30, RPL13, SAMS, COX1, GPB1-2, HSP90, TUA, TUB, UBA1, CAM3 and GAPDH) were evaluated for their stability as potential reference genes for qRT-PCR using ΔCt, geNorm, NormFinder, Bestkeeper and RefFinder software. CDKA, TUA and TUB genes were tested as loading controls for Western blot in the same sample panel. Additionally, target genes associated with cell apoptosis, i.e., metacaspase genes, were applied to validate the selection of reference genes. The analysis results demonstrated that putative housekeeping genes exhibited significant variations in both mRNA and protein content during virus infection. After a comprehensive analysis with all of the algorithms, CDKA and GAPDH were recommended as the most stable reference genes for E huxleyi virus (EhV) infection treatments. For Western blot, significant variation was seen for TUA and TUB, while CDKA was stably expressed, consistent with the results of qRT-PCR. CONCLUSIONS: CDKA and GAPDH are the best choice for gene and protein expression analysis than the other candidate reference genes under EhV infection conditions. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The stable internal control genes identified in this work will help to improve the accuracy and reliability of gene expression analysis and gain insight into complex E. huxleyi-EhV interaction regulatory networks.

11.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; : 113800, 2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33281000

RESUMO

In order to facilitate correlation calculation and matrix-based resolution in comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC × GC-MS) data-set, an intelligent clustering of modulation peaks (ICMP) algorithm was developed in this paper. ICMP is start with the second -dimension (2D) peak restriction, then conducting the peak shape restriction in the first dimension (1D), finally end with the eigenvalues calculation against mass spectra in moving sub-windows. After this three-tier restriction, multi-component spectral correlative chromatography (MSCC) was applied in peak clustering result from a row-wise augmented "two-dimension (2D) slice" set. Then the component similarities and differences were distinguished rapidly/ accurately in chemical fingerprints from ChaiHu Shugan San and Cyperus rotundus. Faced with co-eluted phenomenon, matrix-based resolution was made in the representative sub-matrices that have been locked in ICMP procedure. From the example data shows that ICMP- multivariate curve resolution (MCR) can served as a good complement to (non) trilinear decomposition. To summarize, the GC × GC data-structure can be simplified to facilitate MSCC or MCR operation in fingerprints from herbal or biological samples.

12.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 26(6): 518-521, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356040

RESUMO

Objective: To compare two ELISA methods for the detection of the prostatic exosomal protein (PSEP) in the urine. METHODS: Using the double-antibody sandwich (DAS) method and the indirect method of ELISA, we detected PSEP in the urine samples from 100 IIIA chronic prostatitis (CP) patients and another 100 normal healthy males. Meanwhile, we examined 30 clinical urine samples using the diluent (0.1 mol/L PBS buffer) and the urine matrix standard curves to verify the consistency of the standard diluent with the sample collected. Result: The sensitivities of DAS and indirect ELISA were 89% versus 87% and their specificities 91% versus 90%, with total consistency rates of 90% versus 88.5%, with no statistically significant difference in between. The scatter plot for the results of the PBS diluent and the urine matrix standard curves showed a good linearity (R2 = 0.999). No significant difference was found in the results of detection of the clinical urine samples in different matrices. CONCLUSIONS: Considering the characteristics of PSEP, the indirect ELISA method is more practical and feasible for the clinical detection of PSEP in the urine samples of prostatitis patients.


Assuntos
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Exossomos , Prostatite , Proteinúria/diagnóstico , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatite/diagnóstico , Proteínas/análise
14.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33337143

RESUMO

The digestion and absorption of different structural lipids in human milk may be different. Hence, by simulating in vitro infant digestion and Caco-2 cells to explore the effects of 1-oleoyl-2-palmitoyl-3-linoleoylglycerol (OPL)/1,3-dilinoleoyl-2-palmitoylglycerol (LPL)/1,3-dioleoyl-2-palmitoylglycerol (OPO) and their mixtures (M) (OPL/LPL/OPO in M1, M2, and M3 were 1.5/0.5/1, 1.2/1.2/1, and 0.5/0.2/1, respectively) on digestion and absorption. The digestibility of the OPO group was higher than those of the OPL and LPL groups, and the M3 group was higher than the M1 and M2 groups. The synthesis and transport of triglycerides in Caco-2 cells in OPL and LPL groups were higher than the OPO group, and the M1 group was significantly higher than that of M3. The expression of FABP1, PPARα, and MTT protein in OPL and M1 groups was significantly higher than OPO and M3, respectively. There are differences in the digestion and absorption of differently structured lipids from this study.

15.
Respir Res ; 21(1): 328, 2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33349268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thymosin ß10 (TMSB10) has been reported to play a protumorigenic role in a majority of solid cancers. However, the existence of TMSB10 in immune microenvironment may contribute to the pathogenesis of lung adenocarcinoma has not been previously explored. METHOD: TAMs-associated TMSB10 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 184 lung adenocarcinomas. Xenograft mice model was established to investigate the effect of TMSB10 shRNA on TAMs phenotypes. The macrophages phenotype associated cytokines IL-6, IL-8, IL-12 and TNF-α were detected by ELISA after treated with TMSB10 shRNA or scramble. Furthermore, the target proteins were detected by immunoblotting. RESULTS: We found that high TAMs-associated TMSB10 expression was significantly correlated with the advanced TNM stage and T3/T4 tumor size. And high TAMs-associated TMSB10 expression was significantly correlated with poor overall and progression-free survival of lung adenocarcinoma, acting as an independent prognostic factor for lung adenocarcinoma. Furthermore, we investigated the biological functions of TMSB10 in macrophages in vivo and in vitro. TMSB10 knockdown dramatically reduced TAMs, THP-1 and RAW264.7 cell proliferation, and promoted macrophages phenotype conversion of M2 to M1, and TMSB10 knockdown reduced the levels of p-Akt (Sec473), p-mTOR (Sec2448) and p-p70S6K (Thr389) without effect on Akt, mTOR and p70S6K expression. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that TAMs-associated TMSB10 promotes tumor growth through increasing TAMs M2 conversion and proliferation via PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, providing a promising tumor biomarker for predicting prognosis and a potential therapeutic target for lung adenocarcinoma.

16.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(11): 966, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177505

RESUMO

Treatment of acute pancreatitis (AP) and chronic pancreatitis (CP) remains problematic due to a lack of knowledge about disease-specific regulatory targets and mechanisms. The purpose of this study was to screen proteins related to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and apoptosis pathways that may play a role in pancreatitis. Human pancreatic tissues including AP, CP, and healthy volunteers were collected during surgery. Humanized PRSS1 (protease serine 1) transgenic (PRSS1Tg) mice were constructed and treated with caerulein to mimic the development of human AP and CP. Potential regulatory proteins in pancreatitis were identified by proteomic screen using pancreatic tissues of PRSS1Tg AP mice. Adenoviral shRNA-mediated knockdown of identified proteins, followed by functional assays was performed to validate their roles. Functional analyses included transmission electron microscopy for ultrastructural analysis; qRT-PCR, western blotting, co-immunoprecipitation, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence for assessment of gene or protein expression, and TUNEL assays for assessment of acinar cell apoptosis. Humanized PRSS1Tg mice could mimic the development of human pancreatic inflammatory diseases. EMC6 and APAF1 were identified as potential regulatory molecules in AP and CP models by proteomic analysis. Both EMC6 and APAF1 regulated apoptosis and inflammatory injury in pancreatic inflammatory diseases. Moreover, APAF1 was regulated by EMC6, induced apoptosis to injure acinar cells and promoted inflammation. In the progression of pancreatitis, EMC6 was activated and then upregulated APAF1 to induce acinar cell apoptosis and inflammatory injury. These findings suggest that EMC6 may be a new therapeutic target for the treatment of pancreatic inflammatory diseases.

17.
Can J Microbiol ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33180552

RESUMO

Endophytic bacteria may be important for plant health and other ecologically relevant functions of cotton. However, the endophytic bacterial community structure and diversity in cotton is still poorly characterized. We investigated the community structure of endophytic bacteria in cotton roots growing in Xinjiang, China, using the Illumina amplicon sequencing. A total of 60.84 M effective sequences of 16S rRNA gene V3 region were obtained from cotton samples. These sequences revealed huge amount of operational taxonomic units (OTUs) in cotton, that is, 81-338 OTUs in a cotton sample, at 3% cutoff level and sequencing depth of 50000 sequences. We identified 23 classes from the resulting 2,723,384 sequences. Gammaproteobacteria were the dominant class in all cottons, followed by Alphaproteobacteria, Actinobacteria and Bacilli. A marked difference in the diversity of endophytic bacteria in cotton for different growth periods was evident. The greatest number of OTUs was detected during seedling (654 OTUs) and budding (381 OTUs). Endophytic bacteria diversity was reduced during flowering (350 OTUs) and boll-opening (351 OTUs). 217 OTUs were common to all four periods. There were more tags of Pantoea in Shihezi than other locations. While there were more tags of Erwinia in Hami than other locations. The dynamics of endophytic bacteria communities were influenced by plant growth stage. These results show the complexity of the bacterial populations present in inner tissues of cotton.

18.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 855, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33203362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the worldwide spread of the 2019 novel coronavirus, scarce knowledge is available on the clinical features of more than two passages of patients. Further, in China, early intervention policy has been enacted since February. Whether early intervention contributes to swift recovery is still unknown. Hence, in this study, we focused on the patients from an isolated area, investigated the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of four serial passages of the virus. METHODS: From January 25 to February 29, 2020, all patient data on the SARS-CoV-2 passages in this isolated area were traced, and the patients were grouped according to the passaging of SARS-CoV-2. Clinical characteristics of patients, including laboratory, radiology, treatment and outcomes, were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 78 patients with four passages of virus transmission were included in this study. One patient transmitted SARS-CoV-2 to 8 patients (passage 2, P2), who next infected 23 patients (passage 3, P3), and then 46 patients (passage 4, P4). P2 received antiviral treatment when they had symptom, whereas P4 received antiviral treatment during their asymptomatic period. The incubation periods for P2, P3 and P4 patients were 7 days (IQR:2-12), 8 days (IQR:4-13) and 10 days (IQR:7-15), respectively. P2 patients showed lymphocytopenia (0.79 × 109/L), decreased lymphocyte percentages (12.15%), increased white blood cell count (6.51 × 109/L), increased total bilirubin levels (25% of P2 patients), increased C-reactive protein levels (100% of P2 patients) and abnormal liver function. By chest CT scans, all P2 patients (100%), 15 of P3 patients (65.22%) and 16 of P4 patients (34.78%) showed abnormality with typical feature of ground glass opacity. All of P2 patients (100%) received oxygen therapy, and in contrast, 19 of P4 patients (41.3%) received oxygen therapy. Further, significant decreased nucleic acid positive periods was found in P4 group (16 days, IQR: 10-23), compared with that of P2 group (22 days, IQR: 16-27). Moreover, the severity ratios were sharply decreased from 50% (P2 patients) to 4.35% (P4 patients), and the case fatality rate is zero. CONCLUSIONS: Judged from four passages of patients, early intervention contributes to the early recovery of COVID-19 patients.

19.
Front Chem ; 8: 762, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33134256

RESUMO

A major barrier for co-delivery of gene medicine with small molecular chemotherapeutic drugs in solid tumors is the inadequate tumor penetration and transfection. In this study, a novel polymeric nanocarrier with integrated properties of tumor penetration, nuclear targeting, and pH-responsive features was designed, and further used to achieve the synergistic anti-tumor effect of curcumin (CUR) and survivin shRNA (pSUR). The polymeric hybrid nanocarrier was constructed from the FDA-approved polymer PLGA and a novel conjugated triblock polymer W5R4K-PEG2K-PHIS (WPH). CUR and pSUR were simultaneously encapsulated in the dual-drug-loaded nanoparticles (CUR/pSUR-NPs) by a modified double-emulsion solvent evaporation (W/O/W) method. The obtained nanoparticles exhibited better pharmaceutical properties with a uniform spherical morphology and sustained release manners of CUR and pSUR. Excellent features including preferable cellular uptake, efficient endosomal escape, enhanced tumor penetration, and elevated transfection efficiency were further proven. Additionally, a markedly enhanced anti-tumor efficacy for CUR/shRNA-NPs was achieved on SKOV-3 and Hela cells. The synergistic anti-tumor effect involved the inhibition of tumor cell proliferation, induction of cell apoptosis, and the activation of caspase-3 pathways. This work sets up an innovative co-delivery nanosystem to suppress tumor growth, contributing to the development of a comprehensive nanoparticulate strategy for future clinical applications.

20.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 586729, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33250874

RESUMO

Enterobacter cloacae complex (ECC), one of the most common opportunistic pathogens causing multiple infections in human, is resistant to ß-lactam antibiotics mainly due to its highly expressed chromosomal AmpC ß-lactamase. It seems that regulation of chromosomal AmpC ß-lactamase is associated with peptidoglycan recycling. However, underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. In this study, we confirmed that NagZ, a glycoside hydrolase participating in peptidoglycan recycling in Gram-negative bacteria, plays a crucial role in developing resistance of E. cloacae (EC) to ß-lactam antibiotics by promoting expression of chromosomal AmpC ß-lactamase. Our data shows that NagZ was significantly up-regulated in resistant EC (resistant to at least one type of the third or fourth generation cephalosporins) compared to susceptible EC (susceptible to all types of the third and fourth generation cephalosporins). Similarly, the expression and ß-lactamase activity of ampC were markedly enhanced in resistant EC. Moreover, ectopic expression of nagZ enhanced ampC expression and resistance to ß-lactam antibiotics in susceptible EC. To further understand functions of NagZ in ß-lactam resistance, nagZ-knockout EC model (ΔnagZ EC) was constructed by homologous recombination. Conversely, ampC mRNA and protein levels were down-regulated, and resistance to ß-lactam antibiotics was attenuated in ΔnagZ EC, while specific complementation of nagZ was able to rescue ampC expression and resistance in ΔnagZ EC. More interestingly, NagZ and its hydrolyzates 1,6-anhydromuropeptides (anhMurNAc) could induce the expression of other target genes of AmpR (a global transcriptional factor), which suggested that the promotion of AmpC by NagZ is mediated AmpR activated by anhMurNAc in EC. In conclusion, these findings provide new elements for a better understanding of resistance in EC, which is crucial for the identification of novel potential drug targets.

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