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1.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674013

RESUMO

MicroRNA-142-3p (miR-142-3p) was previously investigated in various cancers, whereas, it's role in breast cancer (BC) remains far from understood. In this study, we found that miR-142-3p was markedly decreased both in cell lines and BC tumor tissues. Elevated miR-142-3p expression suppressed growth and metastasis of BC cell lines via gain-of-function assay in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, miR-142-3p could regulate the ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (RAC1) expression in protein level, which simultaneously suppressed the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition related protein levels and the activity of PAK1 phosphorylation, respectively. In addition, rescue experiments revealed RAC1 overexpression could reverse tumor-suppressive role of miR-142-3p. Our results showed miR-142-3p could function as a tumor suppressor via targeting RAC1/PAK1 pathway in BC, suggesting a potent therapeutic target for BC treatment.

2.
Mol Cancer ; 18(1): 135, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging studies suggest that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in colorectal cancer (CRC). Here, we report a lncRNA, SATB2-AS1, which is specifically expressed in colorectal tissue and is significantly reduced in CRC. We systematically elucidated its functions and possible molecular mechanisms in CRC. METHODS: LncRNA expression in CRC was analyzed by RNA-sequencing and RNA microarrays. The expression level of SATB2-AS1 in tissues was determined by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and in situ hybridization (ISH). The functional role of SATB2-AS1 in CRC was investigated by a series of in vivo and in vitro assays. RNA pull-down, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP), chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), chromatin isolation by RNA purification (ChIRP), Bisulfite Sequencing PCR (BSP) and bioinformatics analysis were utilized to explore the potential mechanisms of SATB2-AS1. RESULTS: SATB2-AS1 is specifically expressed in colorectal tissues and downregulated in CRC. Survival analysis indicates that decreased SATB2-AS1 expression is associated with poor survival. Functional experiments and bioinformatics analysis revealed that SATB2-AS1 inhibits CRC cell metastasis and regulates TH1-type chemokines expression and immune cell density in CRC. Mechanistically, SATB2-AS1 directly binds to WDR5 and GADD45A, cis-activating SATB2 (Special AT-rich binding protein 2) transcription via mediating histone H3 lysine 4 tri-methylation (H3K4me3) deposition and DNA demethylation of the promoter region of SATB2. CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals the functions of SATB2-AS1 in CRC tumorigenesis and progression, suggesting new biomarkers and therapeutic targets in CRC.

3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(18): 7357-7385, 2019 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543507

RESUMO

Clinically, one of the principal factors in the failure of advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment is chemoresistance to 5-fluorouracil (5FU)-based chemotherapy. Although microRNA-375-3p (miR-375) is considered a tumor suppressor in multiple cancers, the mechanism of miR-375 in the regulation of drug resistance in CRC remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the chemosensitivity of miR-375 to 5FU in CRC from biological and clinical aspects. We found that miR-375 was significantly downregulated in CRC tissues and cell lines, and low miR-375 expression was strongly correlated with poor overall survival in CRC patients. Overexpression of miR-375 sensitized CRC cells to a broad spectrum of chemotherapeutic drugs in vitro and in vivo. Further mechanistic analysis demonstrated that miR-375 enhanced CRC cell sensitivity to 5FU by directly targeting YAP1 and SP1. MiR-375 downregulated YAP1, resulting in reduced expression of the Hippo-YAP1 pathway downstream genes CTGF, cyclin D1 and BIRC5 (also known as survivin). Overall, miR-375 was confirmed as a prospective molecular biomarker in the chemoresistance and prognosis of CRC patients, and the synergy between miR-375 and chemotherapeutic drugs could be a promising therapeutic strategy for CRC patients, especially with chemoresistance.

4.
Cell Death Differ ; 26(12): 2758-2773, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092884

RESUMO

Yap is the key component of Hippo pathway which plays crucial roles in tumorigenesis. Inhibition of Yap activity could promote apoptosis, suppress proliferation, and restrain metastasis of cancer cells. However, how Yap is regulated is not fully understood. Here, we reported Yap being negatively regulated by its circular RNA (circYap) through the suppression of the assembly of Yap translation initiation machinery. Overexpression of circYap in cancer cells significantly decreased Yap protein but did not affect its mRNA levels. As a consequence, it remarkably suppressed proliferation, migration and colony formation of the cells. We found that circYap could bind with Yap mRNA and the translation initiation associated proteins, eIF4G and PABP. The complex containing overexpressed circYap abolished the interaction of PABP on the poly(A) tail with eIF4G on the 5'-cap of the Yap mRNA, which functionally led to the suppression of Yap translation initiation. Individually blocking the binding sites of circYap on Yap mRNA or respectively mutating the binding sites for PABP and eIF4G derepressed Yap translation. Significantly, breast cancer tissue from patients in the study manifested dysregulation of circYap expression. Collectively, our study uncovered a novel molecular mechanism in the regulation of Yap and implicated a new function of circular RNA, supporting the pursuit of circYap as a potential tool for future cancer intervention.

5.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(2): 131, 2019 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30755600

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important class of functional regulators involved in human cancers development, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Exploring aberrantly expressed miRNAs may provide us with new insights into the initiation and development of CRC by functioning as oncogenes or tumor suppressors. The aim of our study is to discover the expression pattern of miR-1249 in CRC and investigate its clinical significance as well as biological role in CRC progression. In our study, we found that miR-1249 was markedly downregulated in CRC tissues and cell lines, and negatively related to pN stage, pM stage, TNM stage, and overall survival (OS). Moreover, we demonstrated that miR-1249 was a direct transcriptional target of P53 and revealed that P53-induced miR-1249 inhibited tumor growth, metastasis and angiogenesis in vitro and vivo. Additionally, we verified that miR-1249 suppressed CRC proliferation and angiogenesis by targeting VEGFA as well as inhibited CRC metastasis by targeting both VEGFA and HMGA2. Further studying showed that miR-1249 suppressed CRC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and angiogenesis via VEGFA-mediated Akt/mTOR pathway as well as inhibited EMT process of CRC cells by targeting both VEGFA and HMGA2. Our study indicated that P53-induced miR-1249 may suppress CRC growth, metastasis and angiogenesis by targeting VEGFA and HMGA2, as well as regulate Akt/mTOR pathway and EMT process in the initiation and development of CRC. miR-1249 might be a novel the therapeutic candidate target in CRC treatment.

6.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 3, 2019 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30626446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abnormal expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been found in almost all human tumors, providing numerous potential diagnostic biomarkers, prognostic biomarkers, and therapeutic targets. METHODS: We analyzed RNA sequencing data to explore abnormally expressed lncRNAs in colorectal cancer (CRC). The functions of small nucleolar RNA host gene 6 (SNHG6) were investigated through in vitro and in vivo assays (CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay, flow cytometry assay, EdU assay, wound healing assay, transwell assay, and xenograft model). The mechanism of action of SNHG6 was explored through bioinformatics, RNA fluorescence in situ hybridization, luciferase reporter assay, RNA pull-down assay, chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, and RNA immunoprecipitation assay. RESULTS: We identified aberrantly expressed lncRNAs in CRC. We found that elevated SNHG6 expression was associated with poor prognosis and CRC progression. We also demonstrated that the high SNHG6 expression was partly due to DNA copy number gains and SP1 induction. Functional studies showed that SNHG6 promoted CRC cell growth, migration, and invasion both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, we found that SNHG6 expressed predominantly in the cytoplasm. SNHG6 could interact with miR-26a, miR-26b, and miR-214 and regulate their common target EZH2. CONCLUSIONS: Our study elucidated that SNHG6 acted as an oncogene in CRC, which might serve as a novel target for CRC diagnosis and therapy.

7.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 10(11): 3421-3437, 2018 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30476901

RESUMO

MicroRNA-150-5p (miR-150-5p) has been implicated in tumor initiation and progression in a variety of cancers. However, its roles in colorectal cancer (CRC) remain largely unknown. In our study, a decreased miR-150-5p expression in CRC tissues was found to be associated with poor overall survival. Moreover, miR-150-5p inhibited CRC cell proliferation, migration, invasion and angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo, and its inhibitory effect could be reversed by transfection of vascular epithelial growth factor A (VEGFA) expression plasmid. Lastly, we demonstrated that miR-150-5p inactivated VEGFA/VEGFR2 and the downstream Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in CRC. Based on these results, we conclude that miR-150-5p may function as a tumor suppressor in CRC, and miR-150-5p/VEGFA axis may be a potential therapeutic target candidate in CRC treatment.

8.
Mol Cancer ; 17(1): 160, 2018 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30454010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicate that circular RNA (circRNA) plays a pivotal role in cancer progression. Here, we sought to investigate its role in breast cancer. METHODS: CircANKS1B (a circRNA originated from exons 5 to 8 of the ANKS1B gene, hsa_circ_0007294) was identified by RNA-sequencing and validated by qRT-PCR and Sanger sequencing. Clinical breast cancer samples were used to evaluate the expression of circANKS1B and its associations with clinicopathological features and prognosis. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments in cell lines and mouse xenograft models were performed to support clinical findings and elucidate the function and underlying mechanisms of circANKS1B in breast cancer. RESULTS: CircANKS1B was significantly up-regulated in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) compared with non-TNBC tissues and cell lines. Increased circANKS1B expression was closely associated with lymph node metastasis and advanced clinical stage and served as an independent risk factor for overall survival of breast cancer patients. Functional studies revealed that circANKS1B promoted breast cancer invasion and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo by inducing epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), while had no effect on breast cancer growth. Mechanistically, circANKS1B abundantly sponged miR-148a-3p and miR-152-3p to increase the expression of transcription factor USF1, which could transcriptionally up-regulate TGF-ß1 expression, resulting in activating TGF-ß1/Smad signaling to promote EMT. Moreover, we found that circANKS1B biogenesis in breast cancer was promoted by splicing factor ESRP1, whose expression was also regulated by USF1. CONCLUSIONS: Our data uncover an essential role of the novel circular RNA circANKS1B in the metastasis of breast cancer, which demonstrate that therapeutic targeting of circANKS1B may better prevent breast cancer metastasis.

9.
Cell Death Dis ; 9(10): 1037, 2018 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30305607

RESUMO

As one of the most common cancers worldwide, colorectal cancer (CRC) causes a large number of mortality annually. Aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is significantly associated with the initiation and development of CRC. Further investigations regarding the regulatory mechanism of miRNAs is warranted. In this study, we discovered that miR-486-5p was remarkably downregulated in CRC, which partially results from higher DNA methylation in the promoter region detected by using methylation-specific PCR, bisulfite sequencing PCR, and DNA demethylation treatment. Besides, decreased miR-486-5p was obviously associated with advanced TNM stage, larger tumor size, lymphatic metastasis, and poor prognosis in CRC. Upregulated miR-486-5p inhibited the proliferation and migration of CRC through targeting PLAGL2 expression and subsequent repressing IGF/ß-catenin signal pathways both in vitro and in vivo. Notably, plasma miR-486-5p expression was significantly upregulated in CRC patients and we identified plasma miR-486-5p as a novel diagnostic biomarker of CRC using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Moreover, exploration in GEO dataset revealed that circulating miR-486-5p is tumor derived through being packaged into secretory exosomes. Taken together, our data demonstrated that miR-486-5p promotes colorectal cancer proliferation and migration through activation of PLAGL2/IGF2/ß-catenin signal pathway, which is a promising therapeutic target of CRC treatment.

10.
Cell Death Dis ; 9(10): 982, 2018 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30250022

RESUMO

Increasing long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to play key roles in the development and progression of various malignancies. ZNFX1 antisense RNA1 (ZFAS1) has been reported to be aberrant expression and suggested as a tumor suppressor or oncogene in many cancers. However, the biological role and underlying molecular mechanism of ZFAS1, especially the miRNA sponge role of which in CRC remain largely unknown. We found that ZFAS1 expression was higher in CRC tissues, where it was associated with poor overall survival (OS), we also showed that ZFAS1 upregulation was induced by nuclear transcription factor SP1. Moreover, ZFAS1 and VEGFA are both targets of miR-150-5p, while ZFAS1 binds to miR-150-5p in an AGO2-dependent manner. Additionally, ZFAS1 upregulation markedly promoted as well as ZFAS1 knockdown significantly suppressed CRC cell proliferation, migration, invasion and angiogenesis, and the inhibitory effect caused by ZFAS1 knockdown could be reversed by antagomiR-150-5p. Lastly, we demonstrated that ZFAS1 knockdown inhibited EMT process and inactivated VEGFA/VEGFR2 and downstream Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in CRC. Our data demonstrated that SP1-induced ZFAS1 contributed to CRC progression by upregulating VEGFA via competitively binding to miR-150-5p, which acts as a tumor suppressor by targeting VEGFA in CRC.

11.
Mol Cancer ; 17(1): 141, 2018 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30266084

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence demonstrates that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have critical roles during the initiation and progression of cancers. In this study, we report that the small nucleolar RNA host gene 1 (SNHG1) is involved in colorectal cancer progression. METHODS: We analyzed RNA sequencing data to explore abnormally expressed lncRNAs in colorectal cancer. The effects of SNHG1 on colorectal cancer were investigated through in vitro and in vivo assays (i.e., CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay, flow cytometry assay, EdU assay, xenograft model, immunohistochemistry, and western blot). The mechanism of SNHG1 action was explored through bioinformatics, RNA fluorescence in situ hybridization, luciferase reporter assay, RNA pull-down assay, chromatin immunoprecipitation assay and RNA immunoprecipitation assay. RESULTS: Our analysis revealed that SNHG1 was upregulated in human colorectal cancer tissues, and high SNHG1 expression was associated with reduced patient survival. We also found that high SNHG1 expression was partly induced by SP1. Moreover, SNHG1 knockdown significantly repressed colorectal cancer cells growth both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistic investigations demonstrated that SNHG1 could directly interact with Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) and modulate the histone methylation of promoter of Kruppel like factor 2 (KLF2) and Cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor 2B (CDKN2B) in the nucleus. In the cytoplasm, SNHG1 acted as a sponge for miR-154-5p, reducing its ability to repress Cyclin D2 (CCND2) expression. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, the results of our studies illuminate how SNHG1 formed a regulatory network to confer an oncogenic function in colorectal cancer and suggest that SNHG1 may serve as a potential target for colorectal cancer diagnosis and treatment.

12.
J Cancer ; 9(15): 2603-2611, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30087700

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer(CRC) is a prevalent malignancy in the world. There is growing evidence that microRNAs (miRNAs) as crucial modulator are in connection with many tumor-related diseases including CRC. Though miR-485-5p has been reported as an anti-oncogene in certain cancers, it remains unclear in CRC. In this research, we found that miR-485-5p was at lower level expression in CRC tissues and cell lines compared to the paired paracancerous tissues and the normal colon epithelial cell line FHC, correspondingly. Furthermore, Experimental up-regulation miR-485-5p in DLD-1 and SW480 cells with mimic could inhibit the ability of proliferation, migration, invasion of CRC cell lines and facilitate cells apoptosis. Also, we confirmed that CD147 existed typically negative regulation by miR-485-5p through binding a conserved sequence specifically within the CD147 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) and reintroduction of CD147 could rescue the phenotypic changes caused by miR-485-5p. The findings provide evidence to demonstrate the role of miR-485-5p/CD147 interaction in CRC and indicate that miR-485-5p might be exploited therapeutically in CRC.

13.
Oncogene ; 37(41): 5534-5551, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29899406

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common aggressive malignancies. Like other solid tumors, inactivation of tumor suppressor genes and activation of oncogenes occur during CRC development and progression. Recently, a novel tumor suppressor, LACTB, was proposed to inhibit tumor progression, but the functional and clinical significance of this tumor suppressor in CRC remains unexplored. Herein, we found LACTB was significantly downregulated in CRC due to promoter methylation and histone deacetylation, which was associated with metastasis and advanced clinical stage. CRC patients with low LACTB expression had poorer overall survival and LACTB also determined to be an independent prognostic factor for poorer outcome. Ectopic expression of LACTB suppressed CRC cells proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in vitro and inhibited CRC growth and metastasis in vivo, while knockout of LACTB by CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technique resulted in an opposite phenotype. Interestingly, LACTB could exert antitumorigenic effect only in HCT116 and HCT8 cells harboring wild-type TP53, but not in HT29 and SW480 cells harboring mutant TP53 or HCT116 p53-/- cells. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that LACTB could directly bind to the C terminus of p53 to inhibit p53 degradation by preventing MDM2 from interacting with p53. Moreover, ablation of p53 attenuated the antitumorigenic effects of LACTB overexpression in CRC. Collectively, our findings successfully demonstrate for the first time that LACTB is a novel epigenetic silenced tumor suppressor through modulating the stability of p53, supporting the pursuit of LACTB as a potential therapeutic target for CRC.

14.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 27(7): 746-754, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29739748

RESUMO

Background: Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers worldwide usually is associated with poor prognosis due to the advanced stage when diagnosed. This study aimed to investigate whether specific circulating exosomal miRNAs could act as biomarkers for early diagnosis of colorectal cancer.Methods: A total of 369 peripheral blood samples were included in this study. In the discovery phase, circulating exosomal miR-27a and miR-130a were selected after synthetical analysis of two GEO datasets and TCGA database. The differential expression and diagnostic utility of miR-27a and miR-130a panel were validated using qRT-PCR and ROC curve analysis in subsequent training phase, validation phase, and external validation phase. The prognosis of circulating exosomal miR-27a and miR-130a were investigated using the Kaplan-Meier method.Results: The expression of exosomal miR-27a and miR-130a in plasma significantly increased in colorectal cancer. The area under ROC curves (AUC) of miR-27a (miR-130a) were 0.773 (0.742) in the training phase, 0.82 (0.787) in the validation phase, and 0.746 (0.697) in the external validation phase. The combination of two miRNAs presented higher diagnostic utility for colorectal cancer (AUCs = 0.846, 0.898, and 0.801 for the training, validation, and external validation phases, respectively). Patients with colorectal cancer with high expression of circulating exosomal miR-27a or miR-130a underwent poorer prognosis.Conclusions: We identified a circulating exosomal miRNAs panel for the detection of colorectal cancer.Impact: The exosomal miR-27a and miR-130a panel in plasma may act as a noninvasive biomarker for early detection and predicting prognosis of colorectal cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 27(7); 746-54. ©2018 AACR.

15.
Cancer Manag Res ; 10: 857-865, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29731665

RESUMO

Purpose: Globally, colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers with high mortality. Although CRC patients in stages I-II are curable after surgical resection, due to the lack of sensitive and specific biomarkers, many patients are in the advanced stages when diagnosed. This study aimed to investigate whether circulating miRNAs in plasma could act as biomarkers for early CRC diagnosis. Patients and methods: All healthy subjects and patients were from Nanjing First Hospital. We first selected 2 differential miRNAs by integrated analysis of 4 Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) data sets and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Next, the expression of these 2 miRNAs in tissue and plasma samples were examined through quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Training phase and validation phase were designed to investigate the diagnostic utility of these differential miRNAs using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results: After integrated analysis of 4 GEO and TCGA databases, upregulated miR-182 and miR-20a were selected to further investigate their diagnostic potential for CRC. We discovered that miR-182 and miR-20a were upregulated in CRC tissue and plasma and that circulating miR-182 and miR-20a in the plasma of CRC patients were tumor derived. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of circulating miR-182 was 0.929 (95% CI 0.875-0.983) in the training phase and 0.891 (95% CI 0.821-0.961) in the validation phase. The AUC of circulating miR-20a expression was 0.801 (95% CI 0.695-0.906) in the training phase and 0.736 (95% CI 0.631-0.842) in the validation phase. Conclusion: Circulating miR-182 is a novel potential biomarker for early CRC diagnosis.

16.
Cell Death Dis ; 9(4): 417, 2018 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29549306

RESUMO

Mounting evidences indicate that circular RNAs (circRNAs) have a vital role in human diseases, especially cancers. More recently, circHIPK3, a particularly abundant circRNA, was proposed to be involved in tumorigenesis. However, its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been explored. In this study, we found circHIPK3 was significantly upregulated in CRC tissues and cell lines, at least in part, due to c-Myb overexpression and positively correlated with metastasis and advanced clinical stage. Moreover, Cox multivariate survival analysis showed that high-level expression of circHIPK3 was an independent prognostic factor of poor overall survival (OS) in CRC (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.75, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.74-6.51, p = 0.009). Functionally, knockdown of circHIPK3 markedly inhibited CRC cells proliferation, migration, invasion, and induced apoptosis in vitro and suppressed CRC growth and metastasis in vivo. Mechanistically, by using biotinylated-circHIPK3 probe to perform RNA pull-down assay in CRC cells, we identified miR-7 was the only one microRNA that was abundantly pulled down by circHIPK3 in both HCT116 and HT29 cells and these interactions were also confirmed by biotinylated miR-7 pull-down and dual-luciferase reporter assays. Overexpression of miR-7 mimicked the effect of circHIPK3 knockdown on CRC cells proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis. Furthermore, ectopic expression of circHIPK3 effectively reversed miR-7-induced attenuation of malignant phenotypes of CRC cells by increasing the expression levels of miR-7 targeting proto-oncogenes (FAK, IGF1R, EGFR, YY1). Remarkably, the combination of circHIPK3 silencing and miR-7 overexpression gave a better effect on tumor suppression both in vitro and in vivo than did circHIPK3 knockdown or miR-7 overexpression alone. Taken together, our data indicate that circHIPK3 may have considerable potential as a prognostic biomarker in CRC, and support the notion that therapeutic targeting of the c-Myb/circHIPK3/miR-7 axis may be a promising treatment approach for CRC patients.

17.
Oncol Rep ; 39(5): 2201-2208, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29532886

RESUMO

Recently, miR­485­5p was identified as a tumor­suppressing microRNA in some human cancers. However, the expression and biological role of miR­485­5p in colorectal cancer (CRC) remain unclear. Herein, we found that the expression of miR­485­5p in CRC tissues and cell lines was much lower than that in the control, respectively. Moreover, the overexpression of miR­485­5p could inhibit the proliferation and invasion of CRC cell lines in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, we determined that miR­485­5p could decrease the expression of CD147 by directly targeting CD147 3'UTR. In addition, the expression of CD147 was inversely correlated with the expression of miR­485­5p in CRC tissues. Collectively, our results revealed that miR­485­5p played a pivotal tumor­suppressing role in CRC through downregulation of cancer­associated gene CD147, and may provide a better understanding of the pathogenesis in CRC and a new bio­target for CRC therapy.


Assuntos
Basigina/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Regulação para Baixo , MicroRNAs/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células HCT116 , Células HT29 , Humanos , Camundongos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Transplante de Neoplasias
18.
Hum Pathol ; 64: 213-221, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28438623

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (GI DLBCL) is the most common gastrointestinal lymphoma. Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several cancers. However, EZH2 has not been studied in GI DLBCL. Thus, we investigated EZH2 expression and EZH2 Y641 mutation in 100 GI DLBCL specimens by immunohistochemistry and sequencing. In addition, trimethylated H3K27 (H3K27me3), BCL2, c-MYC, and Ki-67 expression and Helicobacter pylori infection were detected, and BCL2 and c-MYC gene translocation was assessed. EZH2 was overexpressed in 50% of cases. EZH2 overexpression was significantly associated with higher stage (P = .014), higher International Prognostic Index score (P = .003), reduced overall survival rate (P = .030), and H3K27me3 (P = .001) and c-MYC expression (P = .008). We detected EZH2 mutations in 1 of 33 (3.0%) DLBCLs with a germinal center immunophenotype. The frequency of EZH2 Y641 mutation in GI DLBCL was significantly lower than that in patients with DLBCL without gastrointestinal features (P = .022). BCL2 and c-MYC translocation was detected in 6.5% and 5.1% of cases, respectively. BCL2 translocation was detected exclusively in the germinal center B-cell-like subtype. Chronic gastroenteritis was present in all cases, and 36.4% of gastric DLBCL cases had H pylori infection. The data indicate that primary GI DLBCL is closely related with chronic inflammation and has a low frequency of molecular abnormality, and EZH2 overexpression is significantly associated with inferior outcome in patients with primary GI DLBCL; evaluating EZH2 expression has therapeutic implications.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/análise , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/química , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/química , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biópsia , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/genética , Feminino , Gastroenterite/imunologia , Gastroenterite/patologia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/genética , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/microbiologia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Helicobacter pylori/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/microbiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Translocação Genética , Regulação para Cima
19.
Hematol Oncol ; 35(4): 845-851, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27597420

RESUMO

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a proliferative disease of CD1a+ /CD207+ dendritic cells. Recurrent BRAFV600E and MAP2K1 mutations have been reported in LCH. To investigate the relationship among the mutation, clinical findings, and differentiation status of LCH, respectively, we studied 97 cases of LCH by using Sanger sequencing and immunohistochemistry. The mutually exclusive BRAFV600E and MAP2K1 mutation rates were 32% and 17.5%, respectively. All MAP2K1 mutations were missense mutations without any in-frame deletions; 2 new recurrent missense mutations (ie, p.E38K and p.P105S) were also found. More BRAFV600E and MAP2K1 mutations occurred in children compared with those in adult patients (P = .001), and BRAF mutation was correlated with relapse (P = .009). To the differentiation-related markers, the BRAF/MAP2K1-mut LCH expressed CD14 but rarely expressed CD83 or CD86 (P < .001). On the contrary, BRAF/MAP2K1-wt LCH cells rarely expressed CD14 but expressed CD86, and some also expressed CD83 (P < .001). This indicated that the BRAF/MAP2K1-mut LCH cells had a more immature state than BRAF/MAP2K1-wt LCH cells. Moreover, we also found the BRAFV600E and MAP2K1 mutations were significantly associated with pERK expression (P < .001). Therefore, the RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK pathway might play a more important role in children than in adult patients with LCH.


Assuntos
Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , MAP Quinase Quinase 1 , Masculino , Mutação
20.
APMIS ; 124(12): 1054-1062, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27807891

RESUMO

Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the central nervous system (CNS DLBCL) is a rare entity which is difficult to diagnose and treat. The histone methyltransferase EZH2 was reported to be involved in the tumorigenesis of systemic DLBCL but has not been implicated in primary CNS DLBCL. The clinicopathological features of 33 cases of primary CNS DLBCL and expression of EZH2 and Y641 mutation were assessed. The tumor cells of the majority cases resembled centroblasts, and intriguingly, three cases of rare anaplastic variant were observed. Immunophenotypically, 25/33 (75.8%) cases were non-germinal center B-cell-like type. Several cases (10/33; 30.3%) co-expressed BCL2 and MYC, 6/33 (18.2%) expressed both BCL6 and MYC, and 5/33 (15.2%) expressed BCL2, BCL6, and MYC. MYC expression alone and BCL2/MYC co-expression were associated with poor prognosis. EZH2 was strongly expressed in all 33 cases independent of Y641 mutation and was significantly associated with the tumor proliferative index Ki67. However, no association was found between the level of EZH2 expression and outcomes of patients. In summary, the clinicopathological features including three rare anaplastic variant of primary CNS DLBCL are described. Strong expression of EZH2 in all the primary CNS DLBCL and association with high proliferative index provides further information for treatment and diagnosis of this distinctive entity.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/análise , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/genética , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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