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1.
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab ; : 271678X211006291, 2021 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33818184

RESUMO

Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) is the key enzyme for the synthesis of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) in the salvaging pathway. Though NAMPT inhibitors such as FK866 were originally developed as anti-cancer drugs, they also display neuroprotective effects. Here we show that the administration of FK866 at 0.5 mg/kg (ip, qod) for four weeks, i.e., ∼1% of the dose used for the treatment of cancer, significantly alleviates the aging-induced impairment of cognition and locomotor activity. Mechanistically, FK866 enhanced autophagy, reduced protein aggregation, and inhibited neuroinflammation indicated by decreasing TNFα, IL-6, GFAP, and Iba1 levels in the aged mouse brain. Though FK866 did not affect the total NAD and nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) levels in the mouse brain at the dose we used, FK866 increased nicotinamide (NAM) level in the young mouse brain and decreased NAM level in the aged mouse brain. On the other hand, FK866 did not affect the serum glucose, cholesterol, and triglyceride of young and aged mice and exhibited no effects on the various indices of young mice. Thus, the NAMPT inhibitor can be repurpose to counteract the cognitive impairment upon aging. We also envision that NAMPT inhibitor can be used for the treatment of age-related neurodegenerative diseases.

2.
Heart Surg Forum ; 24(2): E311-E316, 2021 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798045

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess sex differences of clinical presentation and outcomes in propensity-matched patients with acute type A aortic dissection (AAAD). METHODS: We collected the clinical data of patients with AAAD from a single heart center between January 2009 and July 2014. After propensity score matching, we compared differences in clinical presentation and outcomes of patients with AAAD between men and women. RESULTS: There were 590 patients (295 men and 295 women) with AAAD through propensity matching on demographics and patients' history. We found that the presentation and diagnosis of AAAD often were more delayed in women. Severe signs of congestive heart failure (9.8% vs. 5.1%, P = 0.017), cardiac tamponade/shock (9.1% vs. 4.1%, P < 0.001), and periaortic hematoma (26.4% vs. 21.7%, P < 0.001) were more commonly presented in women. Surgery was more commonly performed in men than in women (95.4% (281/295) vs. 91.5% (270/295), P = 0.045), indicating the association of sex with surgical decision. To investigate the association of sex with outcomes after surgery, patients who underwent surgical treatment were re-matched (262 men and 262 women) by propensity score. Women suffered from greater in-hospital mortality than men (8.4% vs. 3.4%, P < 0.001). Postoperative complications of congestive heart failure (9.1% vs. 3.8%, P < 0.001), visceral ischemia (6.8% vs. 1.1%, P < 0.001), and limb ischemia (7.6% vs. 1.5%, P < 0.001) were more frequent in women. For women, prolonged operative time may increase in-hospital mortality, especially after 12 hours from the start of surgery (30.0% vs. 14.3%, P < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated worse late outcomes in women in the matched surgery group (log-rank P = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis provides new insights into sex differences in clinical presentation and outcomes of AAAD.

3.
J Chromatogr A ; 1642: 462000, 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684874

RESUMO

The anti-citrillinated protein antibody (ACPA) plays an important role in early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and is usually detected by using cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) as antigen. The ACPA against CCP test is usually performed utilizing enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), but the ELISA is expensive and time-consuming. Here, latex particle-enhanced turbidimetric immunoassay (LTIA) based on CCP-immobilized latex bead was proposed for fast measurements of ACPA of RA patients. CCP-immobilized latex bead was fabricated through three methods, including direct coupling, overall coupling and layer by layer coupling. According to the optimized experiments, layer-by-layer coupling was the best method with advantages of time-saving, simple operation and good repeatability. In addition, a spacer arm of appropriate length between latex beads and CCP could avoid stereoscopic obstacles and make ACPA closer to CCP. The CCP-immobilized latex bead based on layer by layer coupling (CCP-LB-LLC) was used for assembling the homemade kit, which was applied in fast measurements of ACPA through LTIA. The homemade kit possessed a low limit of detection (0.2 U/mL) and an acceptable the batch-to-batch reproducibility. In addition, the homemade kit can be stored at 4 °C for at least one month. When used to detect 20 clinical samples, the results of homemade kit were consistent with commercial ELISA. Furthermore, LTIA based on the homemade kit was simpler and cheaper than ELISA. These results demonstrated that the homemade kit could be useful for diagnosis of RA patients.

4.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Huashi Baidu Formula (HSBDF) is a traditional Chinese medicine formula consisting of fourteen parts, which has been proven effective for treating coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) clinically. However, the therapeutic mechanism of the effect of HSBDF on COVID-19 remains unclear. METHODS: The components and action targets of HSBDF were searched in the TCMSP, YaTCM, PubChem, and TargetNet databases. Disease targets related to ACE2 were screened in single-cell sequence data of colon epithelial cells from other reports. The therapeutic targets of HSBDF for COVID-19 were obtained by integrated analysis, and the protein-protein interaction was analyzed using the STRING database. The Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) processes were analyzed using the OmicsBean and Metascape databases. The communication between networks [component-target (C-T) network, component-target-pathway (C-T-P) network, herb-target (H-T) network, target-pathway (T-P) network, and meridian-tropism (M-T) network] was constructed by Cytoscape software. The Cloud computing molecular docking platform was used to verify the molecular docking. RESULTS: The obtained 223 active ingredients and 358 targets of HSBDF. The 5,555 COVID-19 disease targets related to ACE2 were extracted, and 84 compound-disease common targets were found, of which the principal targets included ACE, ESR1, ADRA1A, and HDAC1. A total of 3,946 items were seized by GO enrichment analysis, mainly related to metabolism, protein binding, cellular response to the stimulus, and receptor activity. The enriched KEGG pathways screened 46 signaling pathways, including the reninangiotensin system, the renin secretion, NF-kappa B pathway, the arachidonic acid metabolism, and the AMPK signaling pathway. The molecular docking results showed that the bioactive components of HSBDF have an excellent binding ability with main proteins related to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). CONCLUSIONS: HSBDF might act on SARS-CoV-2 through multiple components, targets, and pathways. Here we reveal preliminary results of the mechanism of action of HSBDF on SARS-CoV-2, providing a theoretical basis for future clinical applications.

5.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1306, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33637763

RESUMO

Ferroelectric topological objects provide a fertile ground for exploring emerging physical properties that could potentially be utilized in future nanoelectronic devices. Here, we demonstrate quasi-one-dimensional metallic high conduction channels associated with the topological cores of quadrant vortex domain and center domain (monopole-like) states confined in high quality BiFeO3 nanoislands, abbreviated as the vortex core and the center core. We unveil via the phase-field simulation that the superfine metallic conduction channels along the center cores arise from the screening charge carriers confined at the core region, whereas the high conductance of vortex cores results from a field-induced twisted state. These conducting channels can be reversibly created and deleted by manipulating the two topological states via electric field, leading to an apparent electroresistance effect with an on/off ratio higher than 103. These results open up the possibility of utilizing these functional one-dimensional topological objects in high-density nanoelectronic devices, e.g. nonvolatile memory.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543182

RESUMO

CoMn phosphide encapsulated in a nitrogen-doped graphene core-shell structure was successfully prepared with Prussian Blue complexes as the precursor and P atom doping at a high temperature. The core-shell heterostructure demonstrates an impressive catalytic performance of hydrogen evolution reaction over a broad pH range, i.e., the overpotentials reach 159, 190 and 279 mV at a current density of 20 mA cm-2 in the conditions of pH = 0, 14 and 7, and maintains excellent stability.

7.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(2): 169-173, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627213

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term clinical effect of multicenter multidisciplinary treatment (MDT) in children with renal malignant tumors. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 55 children with renal malignant tumors who were diagnosed and treated with MDT in 3 hospitals in Hunan Province from January 2015 to January 2020, with GD-WT-2010 and CCCG-WT-2016 for treatment regimens. A Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to analyze the survival of the children. RESULTS: Of the 55 children, 10 had stage I tumor, 14 had stage Ⅱ tumor, 22 had stage Ⅲ tumor, 7 had stage IV tumor, and 2 had stage V tumor. As for pathological type, 47 had FH type and 8 had UFH type. All children underwent complete tumor resection. Of the 55 children, 14 (25%) received preoperative chemotherapy. All children, except 1 child with renal cell carcinoma, received postoperative chemotherapy. Among the 31 children with indication for radiotherapy, 21 (68%) received postoperative radiotherapy. One child died of postoperative metastasis. The incidence rate of FH-type myelosuppression was 94.4%, and the incidence rate of UFH-type myelosuppression was 100%. The median follow-up time was 21 months and the median survival time was 26 months for all children, with an overall survival rate of 98% and an event-free survival rate of 95%. CONCLUSIONS: Multicenter MDT has the advantages of high success rate of operation and good therapeutic effect of chemotherapy in the treatment of children with renal malignant tumors, with myelosuppression as the most common side effects, and radiotherapy is safe and effective with few adverse events. Therefore, MDT has good feasibility, safety, and economy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Criança , Família , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Neurosci Lett ; 749: 135742, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607203

RESUMO

Prescription opioids are powerful pain-controlling medications that have both benefits and potentially serious risks. Morphine is one of the preferred analgesics that are widely used to treat chronic pain. However, chronic morphine exposure has been found to cause both functional and structural changes in several brain regions, including the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), ventral tegmental area (VTA), and hippocampus (HPC), which lead to addictive behavior. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1), a scaffolding protein of membrane lipid rafts (MLRs), has been shown to organize GPCRs and multiple synaptic signaling proteins within the MLRs to regulate synaptic signaling and neuroplasticity. Previously, we showed that in vitro morphine treatment significantly elevates Cav-1 expression and causes neuroplasticity changes. In this study, we confirmed that chronic morphine exposure can significantly increase Cav-1 expression (P < 0.05) and microtubule-associated protein (MAP-2)-positive neuronal dendritic growth in the hippocampus. Moreover, the rewarding effect and dendritic growth in the HPC induced by chronic morphine exposure were significantly inhibited by hippocampal Cav-1 knockdown. Together, these data suggest that Cav-1 in the hippocampus plays an essential role in the neuroplasticity changes that underlie morphine addiction behaviors.

9.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; 182(3): 210-219, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33477144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the regulatory effect of microRNA-96-5p (miR-96-5p) in the pathophysiological process of allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: Nasal mucosal tissue samples were collected from AR patients and healthy controls. An in vitro AR model was established by stimulating human nasal epithelial cells (HNECs) with interleukin (IL)-13. The expressions of target genes and proteins were measured by qPCR, Western blot, or ELISA. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and pull-down assay were performed to confirm the interaction between miR-96-5p and DEP domain-containing mammalian target of rapamycin-interacting protein (DEPTOR). RESULTS: The level of miR-96-5p was increased while the expression of DEPTOR was decreased in AR patients. The expressions of proinflammatory cytokines were markedly increased and the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/NF-κB pathway was activated in HNECs following IL-13 stimulation. miR-96-5p downregulation alleviated the stimulated function by IL-13. DEPTOR was the target of miR-96-5p. Knockdown of DEPTOR reversed the function of miR-96-5p inhibitor on IL-13-stimulated HNECs. CONCLUSIONS: The current study showed that miR-96-5p and DEPTOR were aberrantly expressed in AR nasal mucosa. miR-96-5p knockdown inhibited the production of inflammatory cytokines and the activation of mTOR/NF-κB pathway via targeting DEPTOR. These findings suggested that miR-96-5p might be used as a diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for the treatment of AR.

10.
Clin Chim Acta ; 516: 27-33, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476589

RESUMO

The nuclear receptor superfamily is a family of ligand-activated transcription factors that play a key role in cell metabolism and human diseases. They can be modified after translation, such as acetylation, ubiquitination, phosphorylation and SUMOylation. Crosstalk between SUMO and ubiquitin, phosphorylation and acetylation regulates a variety of metabolic and physiological activities. Nuclear receptors play an important role in lipid metabolism, inflammation, bile acid homeostasis and autophagy. SUMOylation nuclear receptors can regulate their function and affect cell metabolism. It also provides a potential therapeutic target for atherosclerosis, tumor and other metabolic and inflammation-related diseases. This review focuses on the function of SUMOylation nuclear receptors.

11.
Bioinformatics ; 2020 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33367690

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Emerging studies indicate that circular RNAs (circRNAs) are widely involved in the progression of human diseases. Due to its special structure which is stable, circRNAs are promising diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for diseases. However, the experimental verification of circRNA-disease associations is expensive and limited to small-scale. Effective computational methods for predicting potential circRNA-disease associations are regarded as a matter of urgency. Although several models have been proposed, over-reliance on known associations and the absence of characteristics of biological functions make precise predictions are still challenging. RESULTS: In this study, we propose a method for predicting CircRNA-Disease Associations based on Sequence and Ontology Representations, named CDASOR, with convolutional and recurrent neural networks. For sequences of circRNAs, we encode them with continuous k-mers, get low-dimensional vectors of k-mers, extract their local feature vectors with 1 D CNN and learn their long-term dependencies with bi-directional long short-term memory. For diseases, we serialize disease ontology into sentences containing the hierarchy of ontology, obtain low-dimensional vectors for disease ontology terms and get terms' dependencies. Furthermore, we get association patterns of circRNAs and diseases from known circRNA-disease associations with neural networks. After the above steps, we get circRNAs' and diseases' high-level representations which are informative to improve the prediction. The experimental results show that CDASOR provides an accurate prediction. Importing the characteristics of biological functions, CDASOR achieves impressive predictions in the de novo test. In addition, 6 of the top-10 predicted results are verified by the published literature in the case studies. AVAILABILITY: The code of CDASOR is freely available at https://github.com/BioinformaticsCSU/CDASOR. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

12.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(12): 1067, 2020 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318473

RESUMO

MircoRNA-21 (miR-21) was found to be highly expressed in various solid tumors, and its oncogenic properties have been extensively studied in recent years. However, the reason why miR-21 is highly expressed in various tumors remains elusive. Here, we found that the expression of miR-21 was negatively correlated with the expression of vacuole membrane protein-1 (VMP1) in colorectal cancer. Transcription of VMP1 activated either by small activating RNA (saRNA) or transcriptional activator GLI3 inhibited miR-21 expression through reducing its transcripts of VMP1-miR-21 and pri-miR-21, while no significant change in miR-21 expression after exogenous overexpression VMP1 in colorectal cancer cell HCT116. Considering the overlapping location of VMP1 and miR-21 gene in genome, the result suggested that the transcription of miR-21 was inhibited by the endogenous transcriptional activation of VMP1. Furthermore, we identified that miR-21 inhibited the activation and nuclear translocation of transcription factor EB (TFEB) through reducing the inhibitory of PTEN on AKT phosphorylation, which can directly activate the transcription of VMP1. Loss of miR-21 significantly increased VMP1 expression, which could be blocked by PTEN inhibitor (VO-Ohpic) or TFEB siRNA. These results showed that miR-21 negatively regulated VMP1 transcription through the PTEN/AKT/TFEB pathway, and TFEB-induced transcriptional activation of VMP1 could inhibit miR-21 expression, thus forming a feedback regulatory loop of miR-21/VMP1. We further found that disrupting the miR-21/VMP1 feedback loop will decrease the expression of miR-21, reduce the malignancy, and increase their sensitivity to 5-fluorouracil in colorectal cancer cells. Taken together, our results revealed a novel regulatory mechanism of miR-21 expression, and targeting the miR-21/VMP1 feedback loop may provide a new approach to inhibit miR-21 expression in colorectal cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Retroalimentação Fisiológica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Autofagia/genética , Sequência de Bases , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/ultraestrutura , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Modelos Biológicos , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Transcrição Genética , Ativação Transcricional/genética
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33337352

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effects of arachidonic acid metabolite epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EETs) in the apoptosis of endothelial cells induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). After human umbilical vein endothelial cells were cultured, TNF-α/ActD, 14, 15-EET, and HMR-1098 were added, respectively, into the culture medium. The apoptosis level of endothelial cells was detected by flow cytometry. After TNF-α/ActD induced endothelial cell apoptosis, flow cytometry staining showed that endothelial cell apoptosis increased significantly, and the apoptotic cells were significantly reduced after the addition of 14, 15-EET. However, the apoptotic cells significantly increased after the addition of HMR-1098. Western Blot results showed that the phosphorylation levels of LC3-II and AMPK were increased after TNF-α/ActD induction, and the increase was noticeable after the addition of 14, 15-EET. However, the phosphorylation levels of LC3-II and AMPK significantly decreased after the addition of HMR-1098. The activity of Caspase-8 and -9 decreased significantly after the addition of 14, 15-EET but increased after the addition of HMR-1098. Arachidonic acid can inhibit TNF-α induced endothelial cell apoptosis by upregulating autophagy.

14.
Bioinformatics ; 36(Suppl_2): i735-i744, 2020 12 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33381815

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Knowledge of protein-binding residues (PBRs) improves our understanding of protein-protein interactions, contributes to the prediction of protein functions and facilitates protein-protein docking calculations. While many sequence-based predictors of PBRs were published, they offer modest levels of predictive performance and most of them cross-predict residues that interact with other partners. One unexplored option to improve the predictive quality is to design consensus predictors that combine results produced by multiple methods. RESULTS: We empirically investigate predictive performance of a representative set of nine predictors of PBRs. We report substantial differences in predictive quality when these methods are used to predict individual proteins, which contrast with the dataset-level benchmarks that are currently used to assess and compare these methods. Our analysis provides new insights for the cross-prediction concern, dissects complementarity between predictors and demonstrates that predictive performance of the top methods depends on unique characteristics of the input protein sequence. Using these insights, we developed PROBselect, first-of-its-kind consensus predictor of PBRs. Our design is based on the dynamic predictor selection at the protein level, where the selection relies on regression-based models that accurately estimate predictive performance of selected predictors directly from the sequence. Empirical assessment using a low-similarity test dataset shows that PROBselect provides significantly improved predictive quality when compared with the current predictors and conventional consensuses that combine residue-level predictions. Moreover, PROBselect informs the users about the expected predictive quality for the prediction generated from a given input protein. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: PROBselect is available at http://bioinformatics.csu.edu.cn/PROBselect/home/index. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Proteínas , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas/metabolismo
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33229942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is currently a major challenge for health care systems around the world. For a time-sensitive emergency such as acute ischemic stroke (AIS), streamlined workflow times are essential to ensure good clinical outcomes. METHODS: The aim of this single-center, retrospective, observational study was to describe changes in stroke workflow patterns and clinical care during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data from AIS patients undergoing emergent endovascular treatment (EVT) between 23 January and 8 April 2020 were retrospectively collected and compared with data from patients admitted during a similar period in 2019. The primary outcome was difference in time from symptom onset to recanalization. Secondary outcomes included workflow times, clinical management, discharge outcomes, and health-economic data. RESULTS: In all, 21 AIS patients were admitted for emergent EVT during the 77-day study period, compared with 42 cases in 2019. Median time from symptom onset to recanalization was 132 minutes longer during the pandemic compared with the previous year (672 vs. 540 min, P=0.049). Patients admitted during the pandemic had a higher likelihood of endotracheal intubation (84.6% vs. 42.4%, P<0.05) and a higher incidence of delayed extubation after EVT (69.2% vs. 45.5%, P<0.05). National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale at hospital discharge was similar in the 2 cohorts, whereas neurointensive care unit stay was longer in patients admitted during the pandemic (10 vs. 7 days, P=0.013) and hospitalization costs were higher (123.9 vs. 95.2 thousand Chinese Yuan, P=0.052). CONCLUSION: Disruptions to medical services during the COVID-19 pandemic has particularly impacted AIS patients undergoing emergent EVT, resulting in increased workflow times. A structured and multidisciplinary protocol should be implemented to minimize treatment delays and maximize patient outcomes.

16.
Am J Transl Res ; 12(10): 6975, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33194088

RESUMO

[This corrects the article on p. 2570 in vol. 12, PMID: 32655791.].

17.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155171

RESUMO

Although numerous studies have revealed the structural and functional alterations in major depressive disorder (MDD) using unimodal diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or functional MRI, however, the potential associations between changed microstructure and corresponding functional activities in the MDD has been largely uninvestigated. Herein, 27 medication-free MDD patients and 54 gender-, age-, and educational level-matched healthy controls (HC) were used to investigate the concurrent alterations of white matter microstructure and functional activities using tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) analyses, fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF), and degree centrality (DC). The TBSS analyses revealed significantly decreased fractional anisotropy (FA) in the superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF I) in the MDD patients compared to HC. Correlation analyses showed that decreased FA in the SLF I was significantly correlated with fALFF in left pre/postcentral gyrus and binary, weighted DC in right posterior cerebellum. Moreover, the fALFF in left pre/postcentral gyrus significantly reduced in MDD patients while binary and weighted DC in right posterior cerebellum significantly increased in MDD patients. Our results revealed concurrent structural and functional changes in MDD patients suggesting that the underlying structural disruptions are an important indicator of functional abnormalities.

18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 18939, 2020 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144701

RESUMO

The exact mechanism of Masquelet technique is unknown. This study intends to explore the effects of topical mechanical stability on the formation of Masquelet membrane. Segmental radius shaft defect was created in all rabbits, which were filled with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) in Non-fixation group, and with PMMA fixed with plates in Fixation group, and subjected to no disposal in control group. The topical stability of PMMA and plates were monitored via X-ray and mechanical test. And the membranes were excised for further Histological, IHC and Western-Blotting analysis 4 and 6 weeks post-operatively. X-ray revealed no sign of plates loosening, or shift of PMMA. Mechanical tests revealed superior topical stability by plates. Pathological examinations suggested that vascularized and osteogenic membranes were formed around PMMA. IHC and Western-Blotting analysis revealed that both Fixation and Non-fixation group exerted significant effects on the expression of Ki67, COL I, and CD31 positive cells, as well as the protein expression of osteogenic (RUNX2, ALP) and angiogenic (VEGFA, TGF-ß1) factors. And compared with membrane in Non-fixation group, Fixing PMMA spacer with plates caused a significant increase in osteogenic and angiogenic expression. This study indicates that rigid fixation provided by plate in Masquelet technique positively alters the quality of membrane formed surrounding PMMA, in terms of significantly osteogenic and angiogenic potential.

19.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 9258649, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029531

RESUMO

Methylation of the O6-methylguanine methyltransferase (MGMT) gene promoter is correlated with the effectiveness of the current standard of care in glioblastoma patients. In this study, a deep learning pipeline is designed for automatic prediction of MGMT status in 87 glioblastoma patients with contrast-enhanced T1W images and 66 with fluid-attenuated inversion recovery(FLAIR) images. The end-to-end pipeline completes both tumor segmentation and status classification. The better tumor segmentation performance comes from FLAIR images (Dice score, 0.897 ± 0.007) compared to contrast-enhanced T1WI (Dice score, 0.828 ± 0.108), and the better status prediction is also from the FLAIR images (accuracy, 0.827 ± 0.056; recall, 0.852 ± 0.080; precision, 0.821 ± 0.022; and F 1 score, 0.836 ± 0.072). This proposed pipeline not only saves the time in tumor annotation and avoids interrater variability in glioma segmentation but also achieves good prediction of MGMT methylation status. It would help find molecular biomarkers from routine medical images and further facilitate treatment planning.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 59(20): 15514-15525, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030016

RESUMO

The most critical aspect in the assembly of phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes (pc-WLEDs) is how to stabilize the device in a practical environment. The high applied currents can generate enormous heat up to more than 100 °C, and such a continuous illumination process will lead to serious effects concerning the stability of the device. Therefore, the new search for examples to fully suppress thermal quenching effect is a real challenge. In this study, a novel Eu3+-activated CaMgGeO4 (CMGO) phosphor of olivine type is developed via a conventional solid-state reaction. The results reveal that Eu3+ occupies the low symmetric Ca2+ site of this host. Upon visible-light sensitization at 464 nm, a dominant red emission band with maximum at 612 nm is witnessed. Its full width at half-maximum (fwhm) is merely ∼4.37 nm, and a high color purity of around 94% is achieved. Their corresponding Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage (CIE) coordinates are very close to standard red color coordinates (0.666, 0.333). The influence of concentration and temperature on the optical property has been explored. It has been discovered that the optimized sample (CMGO:0.01Eu3+) is not influenced by the thermal quenching effect and its fluorescent intensity is improved even up to 473 K, which is mainly attributed to the incorporation of abundant trap sites generated by the nonequivalent substitution Eu3+ for Ca2+. After it is integrated into commercially available YAG:Ce3+ phosphor-based pc-WLEDs, the excellent optical parameters of the fabricated WLEDs are evaluated. The correlated color temperature (CCT) varies from cool white (6458 K) to warm (4370 K), and the color rendering index (CRI) increases from 78 to 86 under a high flux operating current of 200 mA. Furthermore, the chromaticity coordinates remain almost stable with the increasing drive current from 200 mA to 1000 mA. It is highly expected that CaMgGeO4:0.01Eu3+ will become a suitable red phosphor for the preparation of white LEDs with high efficiency.

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