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1.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009146

RESUMO

Family with sequence similarity (FAM46) proteins are newly identified metazoan-specific poly(A) polymerases (PAPs). Although predicted as Gld-2-like eukaryotic non-canonical PAPs, the detailed architecture of FAM46 proteins is still unclear. Exact biological functions for most of FAM46 proteins also remain largely unknown. Here, we report the first crystal structure of a FAM46 protein, FAM46B. FAM46B is composed of a prominently larger N-terminal catalytic domain as compared to known eukaryotic PAPs, and a C-terminal helical domain. FAM46B resembles prokaryotic PAP/CCA-adding enzymes in overall folding as well as certain inter-domain connections, which distinguishes FAM46B from other eukaryotic non-canonical PAPs. Biochemical analysis reveals that FAM46B is an active PAP, and prefers adenosine-rich substrate RNAs. FAM46B is uniquely and highly expressed in human pre-implantation embryos and pluripotent stem cells, but sharply down-regulated following differentiation. FAM46B is localized to both cell nucleus and cytosol, and is indispensable for the viability of human embryonic stem cells. Knock-out of FAM46B is lethal. Knock-down of FAM46B induces apoptosis and restricts protein synthesis. The identification of the bacterial-like FAM46B, as a pluripotent stem cell-specific PAP involved in the maintenance of translational efficiency, provides important clues for further functional studies of this PAP in the early embryonic development of high eukaryotes.

2.
Oncogene ; 39(1): 151-163, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462708

RESUMO

Soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is a highly malignant tumor with limited targeted therapies. A novel anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) transcript, ALKATI, was identified recently and could be targeted by ALK inhibitors in melanoma. However, the clinical and functional role of aberrant ALKATI expression in STS remains unknown. Here we demonstrate that as a new ALK transcript, ALKATI is frequently found in STS. ALKATI expression correlates with a lower probability of progression-free survival in STS patients. Compared with the other ALK isoforms, ALKATI expresses not only in the cytoplasm, but also in the nucleus of sarcoma cells. Functionally, overexpression of ALKATI promoted cancer stem cell (CSC)-like properties in sarcoma cells by promoting sphere formation and upregulating the expression of stem cell markers. Moreover, the ALK inhibitors not only suppressed the oncogenic functions of ALKATI but also attenuated ALKATI-induced CSC-like properties by reducing the expression of stem cell markers such as c-Myc, ABCG2, BMI1, and OCT4 both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, ALKATI interacted with c-Myc and increased the binding of c-Myc to the ABCG2 promoter, resulting in the induction of stem cell-like properties. Together, these findings indicate that ALKATI may be a potential prognostic marker and therapeutic target for STS patients harboring such ALK aberrations.

3.
Cancer Lett ; 468: 27-40, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604115

RESUMO

Patients with recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) have more co-existing distant metastasis than those of no-recurrence and are more likely to suffer distant metastasis after re-irradiation than patients with newly diagnosed NPC. However, the relationship between radioresistance and distant metastasis and the mechanisms involved in radioresistance-associated metastasis are still unclear. In this study, we proved that C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) expression was significantly elevated in HONE1-IR cells and recurrent NPC tumour. Inhibition of CCL2 enhanced sensitivity to radiotherapy in NPC cells. Moreover, autocrine CCL2 promoted NPC cell adaptive radioresistance, metastasis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Additionally, p53 activated CCL2 transcription. High CCL2 expression was highly associated with poorer locoregional recurrence free survival, progression free survival and overall survival in patients with newly diagnosed NPC. Notably, high CCL2 expression was an independent prognostic factor for distant metastasis free survival in recurrent NPC patients. Our results provide insights into the autocrine signalling mechanisms of CCL2 and suggest that inhibition of autocrine CCL2 may be a candidate treatment strategy for management of radioresistant NPC.

4.
Mol Imaging Biol ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792839

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has a high spatial resolution for detecting hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Integrin α6 has emerged as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of HCC. Here, we developed the MR contrast agent RWY-dL-(Gd-DOTA)4 based on the integrin α6-targeted RWY peptide that we previously identified to detect HCC. PROCEDURES: Contrast-enhanced MRI was carried out to evaluate the use of RWY-dL-(Gd-DOTA)4 to detect HCC lesions in subcutaneous and diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced HCC mouse models. RESULTS: Enhancement MR signals were observed in HCC-LM3 subcutaneous liver tumors in the first 5 min post-injection of RWY-dL-(Gd-DOTA)4 at a low dose of 0.03 mmol Gd/kg. Moreover, RWY-dL-(Gd-DOTA)4 generated superior contrast enhancement for liver tumors in chemical-induced HCC mice. Importantly, RWY-dL-(Gd-DOTA)4 provided complementary enhancement MR signals to the clinical available hepatobiliary MR contrast agent gadoxetate disodium Gd-EOB-DTPA. Additionally, RWY-dL-(Gd-DOTA)4 showed minimal gadolinium retention in normal tissues and organs at 48 h post-injection. CONCLUSION: These findings potentiate the use of RWY-dL-(Gd-DOTA)4 for the MRI of HCC to improve the diagnosis of HCC.

5.
ACS Omega ; 4(13): 15560-15566, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31572857

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Integrin α6 is overexpressed in all stages of CRC which makes it a potential diagnostic biomarker for CRC. Previously, we identified an integrin α6-targeted peptide CRWYDENAC (dubbed RWY) using phage display technology and employed it for nasopharyngeal carcinoma specific nanotherapeutics. In this study, we developed a radiotracer, 18F-RWY, based on this integrin α6-targeted RWY peptide for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of CRC. Integrin α6 was overexpressed on several CRC cells including HT29 cells where the biotin-labeled RWY peptide colocalized with integrin α6. 18F-RWY PET imaging was performed on subcutaneous, chemically induced, and genetically engineered CRC mice. 18F-RWY generated high PET signals in subcutaneous HT29 tumors, and the tumor uptake of 18F-RWY was reduced by a blocking study using nonradio-labeled RWY. Moreover, 18F-RWY PET imaging enabled detection of CRC in chemically induced and genetically engineered CRC mice. The overexpression of integrin α6 in tumor tissues isolated from chemically induced and genetically engineered CRC mice was confirmed. These results demonstrate the potential clinical application of 18F-RWY for PET imaging of CRC.

6.
Cancer Biol Med ; 16(2): 331-340, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31516753

RESUMO

Objective: To elucidate the role and prognostic significance of lymphocyte activation-gene-3 (LAG-3) in soft tissue sarcoma (STS). Methods: The expression of LAG-3 in patient and matched normal blood samples was analyzed by flow cytometry. The localization and prognostic values of LAG-3+ cells in 163 STS patients were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. In addition, the expression of tumor-infiltrating CD3+ T, CD4+ T, and CD8+ T cells and their role in the prognosis of STS were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. The effect of LAG-3 blockade was evaluated in an immunocompetent MCA205 fibrosarcoma mouse model. Results: Peripheral CD8+ and CD4+ T cells from STS patients expressed higher levels of LAG-3 than those from healthy donors. LAG-3 expression in STS was significantly associated with a poor clinical outcome (P = 0.038 ) and was correlated with high pathological grade (P < 0.001), advanced tumor stage ( P = 0.016). Additionally, LAG-3 expression was highly correlated with CD8+ T-cell infiltration (r = 0.7034, P < 0.001). LAG-3 was expressed in murine tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, and its blockade decreased tumor growth and enhanced secretion of interferon-gamma by CD8 + and CD4+ T cells. Conclusions: LAG-3 blockade may be a promising strategy to improve the effects of targeted therapy in STS.

7.
Cancer Res ; 79(23): 5930-5943, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484669

RESUMO

The genetic events occurring in recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (rNPC) are poorly understood. Here, we performed whole-genome and whole-exome sequencing in 55 patients with rNPC and 44 primarily diagnosed NPC (pNPC), with 7 patients having paired rNPC and pNPC samples. Previously published pNPC exome data were integrated for analysis. rNPC and pNPC tissues had similar mutational burdens, however, the number of clonal mutations was increased in rNPC samples. TP53 and three NF-κB pathway components (TRAF3, CYLD, and NFKBIA) were significantly mutated in both pNPC and rNPC. Notably, mutations in TRAF3, CYLD, and NFKBIA were all clonal in rNPC, however, 55.6% to 57.9% of them were clonal in pNPC. In general, the number of clonal mutations in NF-κB pathway-associated genes was significantly higher in rNPC than in pNPC. The NF-κB mutational clonality was selected and/or enriched during NPC recurrence. The amount of NF-κB translocated to the nucleus in samples with clonal NF-κB mutants was significantly higher than that in samples with subclonal NF-κB mutants. Moreover, the nuclear abundance of NF-κB protein was significantly greater in pNPC samples with locoregional relapse than in those without relapse. Furthermore, high nuclear NF-κB levels were an independent negative prognostic marker for locoregional relapse-free survival in pNPC. Finally, inhibition of NF-κB enhanced both radiosensitivity and chemosensitivity in vitro and in vivo. In conclusion, NF-κB pathway activation by clonal mutations plays an important role in promoting the recurrence of NPC. Moreover, nuclear accumulation of NF-κB is a prominent biomarker for predicting locoregional relapse-free survival. SIGNIFICANCE: This study uncovers genetic events that promote the progression and recurrence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma and has potential prognostic and therapeutic implications.See related commentary by Sehgal and Barbie, p. 5915.

9.
J Control Release ; 310: 11-21, 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400382

RESUMO

Integrin α6 emerges to be a diagnostic biomarker for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we translated our previously identified integrin α6 targeted peptide RWY into a positron emission tomography (PET) tracer 18F-RWY for the detection of HCC lesions in following four HCC mouse models including subcutaneous, orthotopic, genetically engineered and chemical induced HCC mice. 18F-RWY produced high PET signals in liver tumor tissues that were reduced by blocking studies using nonradiolabeled RWY peptide. We compared the integrin α6 targeted PET tracer 18F-RWY with the integrin αvß3-targeted PET tracer 18F-3PRGD2 and the clinical PET tracer 18F-FDG in chemical induced HCC mice. Among 12 HCC identified by enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with hepatocellular specific gadoxetate disodium Gd-EOB-DTPA, the sensitivities of 18F-RWY, 18F-3PRGD2 and 18F-FDG were approximately 92%, 73% and 50% while the tumor-to-liver ratios were 4.36 ±â€¯1.41, 1.97 ±â€¯0.43 and 1.63 ±â€¯0.23 respectively. Additionally, PET imaging with the integrin α6 targeted 18F-RWY enabled to visualize small HCC lesions with diameters approximately 0.2 cm that was hard to be distinguished from surround hepatic vascular by enhanced MRI with Gd-EOB-DTPA. These findings potentiate the use of integrin α6 targeted PET tracer 18F-RWY for the detection of HCC.

10.
Cell Signal ; 63: 109363, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344439

RESUMO

Platelet counts have been reported to be closely related to distant metastasis of many malignant tumors. Our previous study showed that elevated peripheral blood platelet counts may be an adverse prognostic factor of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) patients, indicating that platelets may promote ATC progression. In the present study, we aimed to identify the role of platelets in ATC cell invasion and migration and to explore the underlying mechanisms. We found that platelets can promote the invasive and migratory of ATC cells, which may be related to the interaction between activated platelet-secreted chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 3 (CCL3) and its receptor CCR5. The interaction was shown to induce the upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 via NF-κB pathway. These findings could provide a new idea for the research of targeted platelets to inhibit tumor metastasis.

11.
Dalton Trans ; 48(24): 8560-8564, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147656

RESUMO

A conjugate of cancer-cell targeting cyclic disulphide nona-peptide c(CRWYDENAC) consisting of nine l-amino acids with the photoactive succinate platinum(iv) complex trans,trans-[Pt(N3)2(py)2(OH)(succinate)] (Pt-cP) has been synthesised and characterised. The conjugate was stable in dark, but released succinate-peptide and Pt(ii) species upon irradiation with visible light, and formed photoproducts with guanine. Conjugate Pt-cP exhibited higher photocytotoxicity than parent complex trans,trans,trans-[Pt(N3)2(OH)2(py)2] (FM-190) towards cancer cells, including ovarian A2780, lung A549 and prostate PC3 human cancer cells upon irradiation with blue light (465 nm, 17.28 J cm-2) with IC50 values of 2.8-22.4 µM and the highest potency for A549 cells. Even though the dark cellular accumulation of Pt-cP in A2780 cells was lower than that of parent FM-190, Pt from Pt-cP accumulated in cancer cells upon irradiation to a level >3× higher than that from FM-190. In addition, the cellular accumulation of Pt from Pt-cP was enhanced ca. 47× after irradiation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Luz , Compostos Organoplatínicos/química , Compostos Organoplatínicos/farmacologia , Peptídeos Cíclicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50
12.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(28): 14019-14028, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31235588

RESUMO

It is well recognized that metastasis can occur early in the course of lung adenocarcinoma (LAD) development, and yet the molecular mechanisms driving this capability of rapid metastasis remain incompletely understood. Here we reported that a long noncoding RNA, LINC00673, was up-regulated in LAD cells. Of note, we first found that LINC00673-v4 was the most abundant transcript of LINC00673 in LAD cells and its expression was associated with adverse clinical outcome of LAD. In vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrated that LINC00673-v4 enhanced invasiveness, migration, and metastasis of LAD cells. Mechanistically, LINC00673-v4 augmented the interaction between DDX3 and CK1ε and thus the phosphorylation of dishevelled, which subsequently activated WNT/ß-catenin signaling and consequently caused aggressiveness of LAD. Antagonizing LINC00673-v4 suppressed LAD metastasis in vivo. Together, our data suggest that LINC00673-v4 is a driver molecule for metastasis via constitutively activating WNT/ß-catenin signaling in LAD and may represent a potential therapeutic target against the metastasis of LAD.

13.
J Natl Compr Canc Netw ; 17(6): 703-710, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31200353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to explore the value of adding neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) or adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) to concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) with different risks of treatment failure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 2,263 eligible patients with stage III-IVb NPC treated with CCRT ± NACT or ACT were included in this retrospective study. Distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), overall survival, and progression-free survival were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and differences were compared using the log-rank test. RESULTS: Patients in the low-risk group (stage N0-1 disease and Epstein-Barr virus [EBV] DNA <4,000 copies/mL) who received NACT followed by CCRT achieved significantly better 5-year DMFS than those treated with CCRT alone (96.2% vs 91.3%; P= .008). Multivariate analyses also demonstrated that additional NACT was the only independent prognostic factor for DMFS (hazard ratio, 0.42; 95% CI, 0.22-0.80; P=.009). In both the intermediate-risk group (stage N0-1 disease and EBV DNA ≥4,000 copies/mL and stage N2-3 disease and EBV DNA <4,000 copies/mL) and the high-risk group (stage N2-3 disease and EBV DNA ≥4,000 copies/mL), comparison of NACT or ACT + CCRT versus CCRT alone indicated no significantly better survival for all end points. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of NACT to CCRT could reduce distant failure in patients with low risk of treatment failure.

14.
Nat Genet ; 51(7): 1131-1136, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209392

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is ubiquitous worldwide and is associated with multiple cancers, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The importance of EBV viral genomic variation in NPC development and its striking epidemic in southern China has been poorly explored. Through large-scale genome sequencing of 270 EBV isolates and two-stage association study of EBV isolates from China, we identify two non-synonymous EBV variants within BALF2 that are strongly associated with the risk of NPC (odds ratio (OR) = 8.69, P = 9.69 × 10-25 for SNP 162476_C; OR = 6.14, P = 2.40 × 10-32 for SNP 163364_T). The cumulative effects of these variants contribute to 83% of the overall risk of NPC in southern China. Phylogenetic analysis of the risk variants reveals a unique origin in Asia, followed by clonal expansion in NPC-endemic regions. Our results provide novel insights into the NPC endemic in southern China and also enable the identification of high-risk individuals for NPC prevention.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Genoma Viral , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/virologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/virologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas Virais/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/classificação , Herpesvirus Humano 4/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética
15.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 97(8): 1213-1214, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203376

RESUMO

In Figure 7f the panel for c-myc of MDA-MB-468 was erroneously duplicated. The corrected version of the figure is shown in this paper. This correction does not influence the conclusion of the study and we sincerely apologize for this oversight.

16.
Int J Cancer ; 145(10): 2873-2883, 2019 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31044420

RESUMO

We analyzed the number of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and Epstein-Barr virus DNA (EBV DNA) for diagnosis, monitoring and prognosis of patients with metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (mNPC). The levels of CTCs and EBV DNA were measured at baseline and after first-line chemotherapy in 148 mNPC patients prospectively enrolled between December 2014 and August 2016. We also collected 122 non-mNPC cases within the same time frame for examining CTCs and EBV DNA at baseline. In 270 NPC patients, we observed improved specificity (86.0% vs. 41.0%) and inferior sensitivity (42.3% vs. 81.3%) of CTCs as compared to EBV DNA for diagnosis of distant metastasis. mNPC patients were stratified into unfavorable and favorable prognostic groups, respectively, based on CTC of 12 at baseline and 1 after first-line chemotherapy and EBV DNA of 10,000 at baseline and 4,000 after first-line chemotherapy. Conversion of baseline unfavorable CTCs and EBV DNA to favorable after first-line chemotherapy was associated with significantly longer progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) compared to patients with unfavorable CTCs and EBV DNA at both time points. Among patients with a complete/partial response as per imaging evaluation, favorable CTCs and EBV DNA levels after first-line chemotherapy were associated with significantly longer PFS and OS. In conclusion, our data demonstrated the number of CTCs and EBV DNA before, after and during first-line chemotherapy were strong predictive markers for mNPC patients. When utilized in conjunction with imaging studies, CTCs and EBV DNA could provide additional prognostic information.

17.
J Biol Chem ; 294(25): 9734-9745, 2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31073033

RESUMO

Early diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is difficult because of a lack of specific symptoms. Many patients have advanced disease at diagnosis, and these patients respond poorly to treatment. New treatments are therefore needed to improve the outcome of NPC. To better understand the molecular pathogenesis of NPC, here we used an NPC cell line in a genome-wide CRISPR-based knockout screen to identify the cellular factors and pathways essential for NPC (i.e. dependence factors). This screen identified the Moz, Ybf2/Sas3, Sas2, Tip60 histone acetyl transferase complex, NF-κB signaling, purine synthesis, and linear ubiquitination pathways; and MDM2 proto-oncogene as NPC dependence factors/pathways. Using gene knock out, complementary DNA rescue, and inhibitor assays, we found that perturbation of these pathways greatly reduces the growth of NPC cell lines but does not affect growth of SV40-immortalized normal nasopharyngeal epithelial cells. These results suggest that targeting these pathways/proteins may hold promise for achieving better treatment of patients with NPC.

18.
Cancer Cell ; 35(6): 932-947.e8, 2019 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130341

RESUMO

We performed genomic and transcriptomic sequencing of 133 combined hepatocellular and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-ICC) cases, including separate, combined, and mixed subtypes. Integrative comparison of cHCC-ICC with hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma revealed that combined and mixed type cHCC-ICCs are distinct subtypes with different clinical and molecular features. Integrating laser microdissection, cancer cell fraction analysis, and single nucleus sequencing, we revealed both mono- and multiclonal origins in the separate type cHCC-ICCs, whereas combined and mixed type cHCC-ICCs were all monoclonal origin. Notably, cHCC-ICCs showed significantly higher expression of Nestin, suggesting Nestin may serve as a biomarker for diagnosing cHCC-ICC. Our results provide important biological and clinical insights into cHCC-ICC.

19.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1858, 2019 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015415

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification is an important mechanism in miRNA processing and maturation, but the role of its aberrant regulation in human diseases remained unclear. Here, we demonstrate that oncogenic primary microRNA-25 (miR-25) in pancreatic duct epithelial cells can be excessively maturated by cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) via enhanced m6A modification that is mediated by NF-κB associated protein (NKAP). This modification is catalyzed by overexpressed methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) due to hypomethylation of the METTL3 promoter also caused by CSC. Mature miR-25, miR-25-3p, suppresses PH domain leucine-rich repeat protein phosphatase 2 (PHLPP2), resulting in the activation of oncogenic AKT-p70S6K signaling, which provokes malignant phenotypes of pancreatic cancer cells. High levels of miR-25-3p are detected in smokers and in pancreatic cancers tissues that are correlated with poor prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients. These results collectively indicate that cigarette smoke-induced miR-25-3p excessive maturation via m6A modification promotes the development and progression of pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Fumaça/efeitos adversos , Tabaco/toxicidade , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Adenosina/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/sangue , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/etiologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/mortalidade , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Proteínas Correpressoras/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA , Progressão da Doença , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , Metiltransferases/genética , MicroRNAs/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Ductos Pancreáticos/citologia , Ductos Pancreáticos/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Fosfoproteínas Fosfatases/genética , Fosfoproteínas Fosfatases/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/metabolismo , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/sangue , Regulação para Cima
20.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1665, 2019 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30971692

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Tumor suppressor genes remain to be systemically identified for lung cancer. Through the genome-wide screening of tumor-suppressive transcription factors, we demonstrate here that GATA4 functions as an essential tumor suppressor in lung cancer in vitro and in vivo. Ectopic GATA4 expression results in lung cancer cell senescence. Mechanistically, GATA4 upregulates multiple miRNAs targeting TGFB2 mRNA and causes ensuing WNT7B downregulation and eventually triggers cell senescence. Decreased GATA4 level in clinical specimens negatively correlates with WNT7B or TGF-ß2 level and is significantly associated with poor prognosis. TGFBR1 inhibitors show synergy with existing therapeutics in treating GATA4-deficient lung cancers in genetically engineered mouse model as well as patient-derived xenograft (PDX) mouse models. Collectively, our work demonstrates that GATA4 functions as a tumor suppressor in lung cancer and targeting the TGF-ß signaling provides a potential way for the treatment of GATA4-deficient lung cancer.


Assuntos
Fator de Transcrição GATA4/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes Supressores de Tumor , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , Células A549 , Animais , Senescência Celular/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Fator de Transcrição GATA4/genética , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Proteína Smad2/genética , Proteína Smad2/metabolismo , Proteína Smad4/genética , Proteína Smad4/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta2/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Proteínas Wnt/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
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