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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(34): 38106-38112, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32799447


Platinum-based single-atom catalysts (SACs) are among the most promising candidates for the practical applications of electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), but their catalytic efficiency remains to be further enhanced. Herein, a well-designed nanoarray-structured nitrogen-doped graphite foil (NNGF) substrate is introduced to support Pt SACs in Pt-N4 construction (Pt1/NNGF) for HER. Within NNGF, the constructed nanoarray-structured surficial layer for supporting Pt SACs could enhance the exposure of active sites to the electrolyte and improve the reaction and diffusion kinetics; meanwhile, the retained graphite structures in bulk NNGF provide not only the required electrical conductivity but also the mechanical stability and flexibility. Because of such double-layer structures of NNGF, stable Pt-N4 construction, and binder-free advantages, the Pt1/NNGF electrode exhibits a low overpotential of 0.023 V at 10 mA cm-2 and a small Tafel slope of 29.1 mV dec-1 as well as an excellent long-term durability.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(26): 29218-29227, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490658


Performance degradation of lithium/sodium-ion capacitors (LICs/SICs) mainly originates from anode pulverization, particularly the alloying and conversion types, and has spurred research for alternatives with an insertion mechanism. Three-dimensional (3D) topotactic host materials remain much unexplored compared to two-dimensional (2D) ones (graphite, etc.). Herein, vanadium monophosphide (VP) is designed as a 3D topotactic host anode. Ex situ electrochemical characterizations reveal that there are no phase changes during (de)intercalation, which follows the topotactic intercalation mechanism. Computational simulations also confirm the metallic feature and topotactic structure of VP with a spacious interstitial position for the accommodation of guest species. To boost the electrochemical performance, carbon nano-onions (CNOs) are coupled with 3D VP. Superior specific capacity and rate capability of VP-CNOs vs lithium/sodium can be delivered due to the fast ion diffusion nature. An exceptional capacity retention of above 86% is maintained after 20 000 cycles, benefitting from the topotactic intercalation process. The optimized LICs/SICs exhibit high energy/power densities and an ultrastable lifespan of 20 000 cycles, which outperform most of the state-of-the-art LICs and SICs, demonstrating the potential of VP-CNOs as insertion anodes. This exploration would draw attention with regard to insertion anodes with 3D topotactic host topology and provide new insights into anode selection for LICs/SICs.

Materials (Basel) ; 13(3)2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012825


Zr-based bulk metallic glasses have been attracting tremendous interest of researchers because of their unique combination of mechanical and chemical properties. However, their application is limited as large-scale production is difficult due to the limitation of cooling rate. Recently, additive manufacturing technology has been proposed as a new solution for fabricating bulk metallic glasses without size limitation. In this study, selective laser melting technology was used to prepare Zr60Fe10Cu20Al10 bulk metallic glass. The laser parameters for fabricating full dense amorphous specimens were investigated. The mechanical and corrosion resistance properties of the prepared samples were measured by micro-compression and electrochemical corrosion testing, respectively. Lastly, Zr60Fe10Cu20Al10 bulk metallic glass (BMG) with dispersed nano-crystals was made, and good deformation ability was revealed during micro-compression test. The corrosion resistance decreased a bit due to the crystalline phases. The results provide a promising route for manufacturing large and complex bulk metallic glasses with better mechanical property and acceptable corrosion resistance.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(6): 5785-5792, 2018 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29368504


Freestanding and single-crystal BiFeO3 (BFO) nanoplates have been successfully synthesized by a fluoride ion-assisted hydrothermal method, and the thickness of the nanoplates can be effectively tailored from 80 to 380 nm by the concentration of fluoride ions. It is revealed that BFO nanoplates grew via an oriented attachment of layer by layer, giving rise to the formation of the inner interface within the nanoplates. In particular, antiferromagnetic (AFM) phase-transition temperature (Néel temperature, TN) of the BFO nanoplates is significantly enhanced from typical 370 to ∼512 °C, whereas the Curie temperature (TC) of the BFO nanoplates is determined to be ∼830 °C, in good agreement with a bulk value. The combination of scanning transmission electron microscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy, and the first-principle calculations reveals that the interfacial tensile strain remarkably improves the stability of AFM ordering, accounting for the significant enhancement in TN of BFO plates. Correspondingly, the tensile strain induced the polarization and oxygen octahedral tilting has been observed near the interface. The findings presented here suggest that single-crystal BFO nanoplate is an ideal system for exploring an intrinsic magnetoelectric property, where a tensile strain can be a very promising approach to tailor AFM ordering and polarization rotation for an enhanced coupling effect.

ACS Nano ; 10(7): 6623-30, 2016 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27284993


Organometal halide perovskite has recently emerged as a very promising family of materials with augmented performance in electronic and optoelectronic applications including photovoltaic devices, photodetectors, and light-emitting diodes. Herein, we propose and demonstrate facile solution synthesis of a series of colloidal organometal halide perovskite CH3NH3PbX3 (X = halides) nanoparticles with amorphous structure, which exhibit high quantum yield and tunable emission from ultraviolet to near-infrared. The growth mechanism and photoluminescence properties of the perovskite amorphous nanoparticles were studied in detail. A high-efficiency green-light-emitting diode based on amorphous CH3NH3PbBr3 nanoparticles was demonstrated. The perovskite amorphous nanoparticle-based light-emitting diode shows a maximum luminous efficiency of 11.49 cd/A, a power efficiency of 7.84 lm/W, and an external quantum efficiency of 3.8%, which is 3.5 times higher than that of the best colloidal perovskite quantum-dot-based light-emitting diodes previously reported. Our findings indicate the great potential of colloidal perovskite amorphous nanoparticles in light-emitting devices.