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1.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022386

RESUMO

Th22 cells are a novel subset of CD4+ T cells that primarily mediate biological effects through IL-22, with both Th22 cells and IL-22 being closely associated with multiple autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases. In this study, we investigated whether and how Th22 cells affect atherosclerosis. ApoE-/- mice and age-matched C57BL/6J mice were fed a Western diet for 0, 4, 8 or 12 weeks. The results of dynamic analyses showed that Th22 cells, which secrete the majority of IL-22 among the known CD4+ cells, play a major role in atherosclerosis. ApoE-/- mice fed a Western diet for 12 weeks and administered recombinant mouse IL-22 (rIL-22) developed substantially larger plaques in both the aorta and aortic root and higher levels of CD3+ T cells, CD68+ macrophages, collagen, IL-6, Th17 cells, dendritic cells (DCs) and pSTAT3 but lower smooth muscle cell (SMC) α-actin expression than the control mice. Treatment with a neutralizing anti-IL-22 monoclonal antibody (IL-22 mAb) reversed the above effects. Bone marrow-derived DCs exhibited increased differentiation into mature DCs following rIL-22 and ox-LDL stimulation. IL-17 and pSTAT3 were up-regulated after stimulation with IL-22 and ox-LDL in cells cocultured with CD4+ T cells and mature DC supernatant, but this up-regulation was significantly inhibited by IL-6mAb or the cell-permeable STAT3 inhibitor S31-201. Thus, Th22 cell-derived IL-22 aggravates atherosclerosis development through a mechanism that is associated with IL-6/STAT3 activation, DC-induced Th17 cell proliferation and IL-22-stimulated SMC dedifferentiation into a synthetic phenotype.

2.
Small ; 16(7): e1906475, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994360

RESUMO

Organic luminogens constitute promising prototypes for various optoelectronic applications. Since gaining distinct color emissions normally requires the alternation of the conjugated backbone, big issues remain in material synthetic cost and skeleton compatibility while pursuing full-color luminescence. Upon a facile one-step coupling, three simple but smart perchalcogenated (O, S, and Se) arenes are synthesized. They exhibit strong luminescent tricolor primaries (i.e., blue, green, and red, respectively) in the solid state with a superior quantum yield up to >40% (5-10 times higher than that in corresponding solutions). The properties originate from a fluorescence-phosphorescence-phosphorescence triple-channel emission effect, which is regulated by S and Se heavy atoms-dependent intersystem crossing upon molecular packing, as well as Se-Se atom interaction-caused energy splittings. Consequently, full-color luminescence, including a typical white-light luminescence with a Commission Internationale de I'Eclairage coordinate of (0.30, 0.35), is realized by complementarily incorporating these tricolor luminescent materials in the film. Moreover, mechanochromic luminescent color conversions are also observed to achieve the fine-tuning of the luminescent tints. This strategy can be smart to address full-color luminescence on the same molecular skeleton, showing better material compatibility as an alternative to the traditional multiple-luminophore engineering.

3.
Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat ; 146: 106380, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) during hepatic fibrosis is an intermediate process in the progression of multiple chronic liver diseases to cirrhosis. Because activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are the main source of ECM, HSCs activation is the central link in the formation of liver fibrosis. It was reported that the analogs of lipoxin A4 (LXA4) had anti-fibrotic effects, but the mechanisms are still not clear. This study was conducted to explore the possible mechanisms involved in the process of LXA4-mediated inhibition of HSCs activation. METHODS: Rat HSC-T6 cells were activated by LPS and treated with LXA4 and/or BOC-2. The levels of ECM were assessed by hydroxyproline (Hyp) kit. The protein levels of α-SMA, Collagen I and III, MMP-2, MMP-9, TGF-ß1, PDGF A and B, NF-κB P65, phosphorylated NF-κB P65 (P-P65) and NF-κB inhibitor α (I-κBα) were measured via western blot. The mRNA levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were observed by real-time PCR. The contents of TGF-ß1 and PDGF were assessed by ELISA kits. Nuclear transfer assay kit was used to assess the activation and translation of NF-κB P65. RESULTS: (1) LPS activated HSC-T6 cells and up-regulated α-SMA, but LXA4 decreased LPS-induced α-SMA in HSC-T6 cells. (2) LXA4 inhibited LPS-induced Hyp production, meanwhile down-regulated LPS-induced Collagen I, Collagen III, MMP-2, and MMP-9 in HSC-T6 cells. (3) LXA4 decreased LPS-induced TGF-ß1 and PDGF in HSC-T6 cells. (4) LXA4 repressed LPS-activated NF-κB signaling pathway, causing a reduction of I-κBα degradation, NF-κB phosphorylation, and NF-κB p65 transposition in HSC-T6 cells. (4) BOC-2, the blocker of LXA4 receptor, inhibited all the effects of LXA4. CONCLUSION: LXA4 inhibited HSCs activation through down-regulation TGF-ß1/PDGF, and repression NF-κB signal pathway.

4.
Cancer Biol Ther ; 21(2): 130-138, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690181

RESUMO

Programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression and the presence of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in tumor microenvironment were common in chronic inflammatory tumor types and frequently responded to the PD-L1 pathway immune checkpoint blockade in the clinic. Animal models to optimize such immunotherapeutics comprise an important strategy but often fail to predict the efficacy of clinical approaches. To address this, we aimed to establish new mouse models. In this study, we found that the expression of PD-L1was present at the beginning stage but a gradual decline over time in the in vitro cell culture and also in the mouse model. Based upon this finding, we established the IFN-γ-(human peripheral blood mononuclear cell) PBMC-CDX (cell line-derived xenograft) and IFN-γ-PBMC-PDX (patient-derived xenograft) mouse models, which recapitulate human tumor and human immune system interactions. IFN-γ was injected peritumorally to maintain the positivity of PD-L1 in the tumor microenvironment. Under this circumstance, the PD-1 molecule on the human T lymphocyte surface is in contact with the PD-L1 molecule on the human tumor cells and, thus, the formatin of the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway in the tumor microenvironment.Treatment with anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) significantly inhibited the growth of both CDX and PDX tumors, but not non-human NCG models (without allogeneic human PBMCs and IFN-γ) . These experimental data provide an important and promising platform for the development of drugs and the evaluation of the drug efficacy of immunotherapies with anti-PD-1 mAb as well as the basis of preclinical mAb drug research.

5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 560: 1-10, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630023

RESUMO

Glucose is a popular biosensor target due to its closely with diabetes or hypoglycemia in blood. Designing efficiency electrocatalysts for the determination of glucose is vital to develop glucose detection devices. CoMoO4, as a kind of bimetallic oxide material, exhibits unique electrochemical properties. 3D macroporous carbon (MPC) has large specific surface area and excellent electrical conductivity, providing an effective support for loading other nano-entities to form novel composite with good synergetic effects. Herein, nanorod-like CoMoO4 anchored onto MPC support was synthesized for the development of a promising electrochemical sensing platform for glucose. Attributing to the synergic effects between the good electrocatalytic performance of CoMoO4 nanorods and the extraordinary electrical conductivity of 3D layered MPC, the novel CoMoO4/MPC composites non-enzymatic sensor shows excellent electrocatalytic performance for oxidation of glucose. Under the optimum conditions, the proposed CoMoO4/MPC hybrids provided a reliable linear range of 5 × 10-7 to 1.08 × 10-4 M with a low limit of detection (0.13 µM) for the detection of glucose. Meanwhile, the CoMoO4/MPC sensing platform shows fast response time of 1.76 s, good stability and selectivity for detecting glucose. Moreover, this non-enzymatic sensor also has been successfully applied to measure glucose level in human blood samples. Therefore, the developed sensor holds a new promise for the construction of facile and sensitive non-enzymatic glucose analytical platform.

6.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(1): 29, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823019

RESUMO

Industrial parks, which are characterized as a group of industrial businesses designed to meet the concomitant demands of different organizations within an area, have played an important role in the national development strategies of many countries. Industrial parks have received increasingly more attention over time. Nevertheless, few scholars have visually analyzed global scientific data. This paper quantitatively and visually examines global academic research papers on industrial parks from 1987 to 2016 by using a bibliometric analysis. A total of 1823 papers from Science Citation Index Expanded and Social Sciences Citation Index databases were analyzed. The distributions of authorship, keywords, countries/territories, and institutes were generated. According to data from Science Citation Index Expanded and Social Sciences Citation Index databases, the top five most productive authors (i.e., Geng Y. with 22 articles, Fujita T. with 17, El-Halwagi M.M. with 15, Zhang Y. with 14, and Tan R.R. with 12) have contributed significantly to industrial park research. Papers on industrial park research have mainly been from China, the USA, and Taiwan. The dominant keywords from industrial park research from 1987 to 2016 are "China", "system", "heavy metal", and "eco-industrial park". These keywords will be the hot topics in industrial park research in the future. The research findings can provide a reference for understanding the research development process and trends in analyses in the field of industrial parks.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Instalações Industriais e de Manufatura/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa/tendências , Terminologia como Assunto
7.
Orthop Surg ; 11(6): 923-931, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823499

RESUMO

To compare the effectiveness and safety of dynamic fixation (DF) and static fixation (SF) in distal tibiofibular syndesmosis injuries (DTSI) by a system review and meta-analysis. PubMed, Cochrane, and EMBASE were systematically searched by computer to select clinical randomized controlled trials (RCT) and cohort trials comparing DF and SF in treating patients with DTSI. RCT and cohort trials comparing DF and SF for patients with DTSI were included. Inclusion criteria: (i) prospective or retrospective study of patients with DTSI; (ii) patients were diagnosed as having DTSI by imageology and only received DF treatment or SF treatment; (iii) the study compared DF and SF in DTSI; and (iv) one or more of the following outcomes were reported: ankle joint functional score, surgical complications, malreduction of syndesmosis, and second operations. Exclusion criteria: (i) non-human studies; (ii) DTSI patients accompanied with other complications or other joints injuries; and (iii) full text unavailable. RevMan V5.3 software was used to perform the statistical analysis. Outcomes analyzed by Revman software showed that there were no statistically significant differences between DF and SF in the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score (MD, 1.90; 95% CI, -0.23 to 4.03; P = 0.08; I2 = 0%), Olerud-Molander (OM) score (MD, 1.92; 95% CI, -7.96 to 11.81; P = 0.70; I2 = 55%), incidence of syndesmotic malreduction (RR, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.03 to 1.09; P = 0.06; I2 = 0%), and overall postoperative complication rate (RR, 0.30; 95% CI, 0.09 to 0.99; P = 0.05, I2 = 75%) and the rate of second procedure was significantly lower with DF (RR, 0.17; 95% CI, 0.07 to 0.43; P = 0.0002, I2 = 54%). Compared to SF, DF has an advantage, with a low rate of second procedures to treat DTSI.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31803734

RESUMO

Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) is an oncogene, and the expression of a mutated IDH promotes cell proliferation and inhibits cell differentiation. IDH exists in three different isoforms, whose mutation can cause many solid tumors, especially gliomas in adults. No effective method for classifying gliomas on genetic signatures is currently available. DNA methylation may be applied to distinguish cancer cells from normal tissues. In this study, we focused on three subtypes of IDH-mutation gliomas by examining methylation data. Several advanced computational methods were used, such as Monte Carlo feature selection (MCFS), incremental feature selection (IFS), support machine vector (SVM), etc. The MCFS method was adopted to analyze methylation features, resulting in a feature list. Then, the IFS method incorporating SVM was applied to the list to extract important methylation features and construct an optimal SVM classifier. As a result, several methylation features (sites) were found to relate to glioma subclasses, which are annotated onto multiple genes, such as FLJ37543, LCE3D, FAM89A, ADCY5, ESR1, C2orf67, REST, EPHA7, etc. These genes are enriched in biological functions, including cellular developmental process, neuron differentiation, cellular component morphogenesis, and G-protein-coupled receptor signaling pathway. Our results, which are supported by literature reports and independent dataset validation, showed that our identified genes and functions contributed to the detailed glioma subtypes. This study provided a basic research on IDH-mutation gliomas.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18241, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852089

RESUMO

T helper 17 (Th17) cells are related to the progression of aortic dissection. This study aimed to determine whether circulating Th17 levels are associated with the prognosis of acute Stanford type B aortic dissection (STBAD) after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR).A cohort study was performed and STBAD patients (n = 140) received TEVAR were enrolled, the circulating Th17 levels were measured and the patients were divided into low and high Th17 groups, and 36 months of follow-up was performed. The data for mortality, survival outcomes, heart structure and function changes, aortic regurgitation prevalence, and aortic remodeling outcomes were recorded.Lower mortality and fewer complications were observed in the low Th17 group than in the high Th17 group in the third year of follow-up. In addition, the low Th17 group exhibited better cardiac remodeling and cardiac function when compared with that in the high Th17 group in the second to third year after TEVAR. Aortic reflux was improved in both groups but was more pronounced in the low Th17 group. During follow-up, the true lumen of the proximal thoracic aorta at the level of the celiac trunk in both the low and high Th17 groups continuously enlarged and was more pronounced in the low Th17 group.Circulating Th17 cells were related to cardiac and aortic remodeling and prognosis during STBAD after TEVAR. Anti-inflammatory therapy may be useful for STBAD patients who have undergone TEVAR.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/sangue , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/sangue , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Células Th17/patologia , Remodelação Vascular , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Environ Pollut ; 258: 113748, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874432

RESUMO

Soil contaminants can cause direct harm to lizards due to their regular swallowing of soil particles. As the world's fastest growing insecticide with long half-life in soil, the endocrine disrupting effect of neonicotinoids on lizards deserves more attention. In this report, we assessed the endocrine disrupting effect of imidacloprid on Eremias argus during 28 days of continuous exposure. Among the imidacloprid and its metabolites, only the metabolite 6-chloropyridic acid had a significant accumulation in the gonads and was positively correlated with its blood concentration. Imidacloprid might cause endocrine disrupting effects on lizards in two ways. First, the desnitro metabolites of imidacloprid could accumulate in the brain, inhibited the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone, and ultimately affected the feedback regulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal related hormones. Secondly, imidacloprid severely inhibited the gene expression of the corresponding enzymes in the gonadal anti-oxidative stress system, causing histological damage to the gonads and ultimately affecting gonadal function. Specifically, exposure to imidacloprid resulted in abnormal arrangement of spermatogenic epithelial epithelium, hyperplasia of epididymal wall, and oligospermia of male lizard. Meanwhile, gene expressions of cyp17, cyp19, and hsd17ß were severely inhibited in the imidacloprid exposure group, consistent with decreased levels of testosterone and estradiol in plasma. Imidacloprid exposure could cause insufficient androgen secretion and less spermatogenesis in male lizards. The risk of imidacloprid exposure to female lizards was not as severe as that of male lizards, but it still inhibited the expression of cyp19 in the ovaries and led to a decrease in the synthesis of estradiol. This study firstly reported the endocrine disruption of imidacloprid to lizards, providing new data for limiting the use of neonicotinoids.

11.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 20(Suppl 25): 697, 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Along with the development of precision medicine, individual heterogeneity is attracting more and more attentions in clinical research and application. Although the biomolecular reaction seems to be some various when different individuals suffer a same disease (e.g. virus infection), the final pathogen outcomes of individuals always can be mainly described by two categories in clinics, i.e. symptomatic and asymptomatic. Thus, it is still a great challenge to characterize the individual specific intrinsic regulatory convergence during dynamic gene regulation and expression. Except for individual heterogeneity, the sampling time also increase the expression diversity, so that, the capture of similar steady biological state is a key to characterize individual dynamic biological processes. RESULTS: Assuming the similar biological functions (e.g. pathways) should be suitable to detect consistent functions rather than chaotic genes, we design and implement a new computational framework (ABP: Attractor analysis of Boolean network of Pathway). ABP aims to identify the dynamic phenotype associated pathways in a state-transition manner, using the network attractor to model and quantify the steady pathway states characterizing the final steady biological sate of individuals (e.g. normal or disease). By analyzing multiple temporal gene expression datasets of virus infections, ABP has shown its effectiveness on identifying key pathways associated with phenotype change; inferring the consensus functional cascade among key pathways; and grouping pathway activity states corresponding to disease states. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, ABP can detect key pathways and infer their consensus functional cascade during dynamical process (e.g. virus infection), and can also categorize individuals with disease state well, which is helpful for disease classification and prediction.

12.
J Chem Phys ; 151(20): 204103, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779333

RESUMO

Avoided crossings can trigger abrupt changes of electronic character and redirect the outcomes of photochemical reactions. Here, we report a theoretical investigation into core-level spectroscopic probing of predissociation dynamics of sodium iodide (NaI), a prototype system for studies of avoided-crossing dynamics. The elegant femtochemistry work of Zewail and co-workers pioneered the real-time dynamics of NaI, detecting the Na atoms bursting forth from the avoided crossing and the residual NaI molecules oscillating inside the quasibound potential. The simulated results show that core-level spectroscopy not only observes these integrated outcomes but also provides a direct measure of the abrupt switching of electronic character at the avoided crossing. The valence and core-excited electronic structures of NaI are computed by spin-orbit general multiconfigurational quasidegenerate perturbation theory, from which core-level absorption spectra of the predissociation dynamics are constructed. The wave-packet motion on the covalent potential is continuously mapped as shifts in the absorption energies, and the switching between the covalent and ionic character at the avoided crossing is characterized as the sharp rise and fall of the Na+ signal. The Na+ signal is found to be insensitive to the wave-packet motion in the asymptotic part of the ionic potential, which, in turn, enables a direct measure of the nonadiabatic crossing probability excluding the effect of wave-packet broadening.

13.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 15(11): e1007520, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765387

RESUMO

Although existing computational models have identified many common driver genes, it remains challenging to identify the personalized driver genes by using samples of an individual patient. Recently, the methods of exploiting the structure-based control principles of complex networks provide new clues for identifying minimum number of driver nodes to drive the state transition of large-scale complex networks from an initial state to the desired state. However, the structure-based network control methods cannot be directly applied to identify the personalized driver genes due to the unknown network dynamics of the personalized system. Here we proposed the personalized network control model (PNC) to identify the personalized driver genes by employing the structure-based network control principle on genetic data of individual patients. In PNC model, we firstly presented a paired single sample network construction method to construct the personalized state transition network for capturing the phenotype transitions between healthy and disease states. Then, we designed a novel structure-based network control method from the Feedback Vertex Sets-based control perspective to identify the personalized driver genes. The wide experimental results on 13 cancer datasets from The Cancer Genome Atlas firstly showed that PNC model outperforms current state-of-the-art methods, in terms of F-measures for identifying cancer driver genes enriched in the gold-standard cancer driver gene lists. Furthermore, these results showed that personalized driver genes can be explored by their network characteristics even when they are hidden factors in transcription and mutation profiles. Our PNC gives novel insights and useful tools into understanding the tumor heterogeneity in cancer. The PNC package and data resources used in this work can be freely downloaded from https://github.com/NWPU-903PR/PNC.

14.
Chin Med ; 14: 52, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768187

RESUMO

Background: In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) clinical practice, TCM syndromes help to understand human homeostasis and guide individualized treatment. However, the TCM syndrome changes with disease progression, of which the scientific basis and mechanism remain unclear. Methods: To demonstrate the underlying mechanism of dynamic changes in the TCM syndrome, we applied a dynamic network biomarker (DNB) algorithm to obtain the DNBs of changes in the TCM syndrome, based on the transcriptomic data of patients with chronic hepatitis B and typical TCM syndromes, including healthy controls and patients with liver-gallbladder dampness-heat syndrome (LGDHS), liver-depression spleen-deficiency syndrome (LDSDS), and liver-kidney yin-deficiency syndrome (LKYDS). The DNB model exploits collective fluctuations and correlations of the observed genes, then diagnoses the critical state. Results: Our results showed that the DNBs of TCM syndromes were comprised of 52 genes and the tipping point occurred at the LDSDS stage. Meanwhile, there were numerous differentially expressed genes between LGDHS and LKYDS, which highlighted the drastic changes before and after the tipping point, implying the 52 DNBs could serve as early-warning signals of the upcoming change in the TCM syndrome. Next, we validated DNBs by cytokine profiling and isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ). The results showed that PLG (plasminogen) and coagulation factor XII (F12) were significantly expressed during the progression of TCM syndrome from LGDHS to LKYDS. Conclusions: This study provides a scientific understanding of changes in the TCM syndrome. During this process, the cytokine system was involved all the time. The DNBs PLG and F12 were confirmed to significantly change during TCM-syndrome progression and indicated a potential value of DNBs in auxiliary diagnosis of TCM syndrome in CHB.Trial registration Identifier: NCT03189992. Registered on June 4, 2017. Retrospectively registered (http://www.clinicaltrials.gov).

15.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(5): 601-608, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699189

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the expression and clinical significance of late endosomal/lysosomal adaptor,mitogen-activated protein kinase and mammalian target of rapamycin activator 3(LAMTOR3)in bladder carcinoma.Methods Oncomine and Expression Atlas were used to extract the useful mining gene chip database for analyzing the expression of LAMTOR3 in bladder carcinoma tissues and cell lines,and the correlation of LAMTOR3 with the clinicopathological features were analyzed.RT-PCR,Western blot,and immunohistochemistry were performed to detect the expression of LAMTOR3 in bladder carcinoma cell lines,specimens,and adjacent normal tissues for verifying the results exploited from the above databases.Results The Expression Atlas showed that LAMTOR3 had high expressions in Hs172.T,HT-1376,RT4,JMSU-1,and T24 cell lines among 20 bladder carcinoma cell lines,among which the LAMTOR3 expression was different.Oncomine reported that LAMTOR3 expression in bladder carcinoma,including invasive(t=2.857,P=0.005)and non-invasive carcinoma(t=3.105,P=0.003),was significantly higher than that in adjacent normal tissues.The expression of LAMTOR3 was positively correlated with pathological grade(P<0.05).The expressions of LAMTOR3 mRNA in bladder carcinoma cell lines,including UMUC3(t=10.84,P=0.0084),J82(t=21.75,P=0.0021),5637(t=45.88,P=0.0005),and T24(t=87.58,P=0.0001)were significantly higher than that in normal bladder cell line SV-HUC-1,while its expression in bladder carcinoma tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent normal tissues(P<0.05),so was its protein level in tissues(P<0.05).Immunohistochemistry showed that LAMTOR3 protein was over-expressed in bladder carcinoma tissues;its level in invasive carcinoma tissues was higher than that in no-invasive carcinoma tissues and was related closely with the clinical stages(χ 2=9.189,P=0.002),pathological grades(χ 2=4.746,P=0.029),and lymphatic metastasis(χ 2=6.210,P=0.013)but had no significant correlation to sex(χ 2=0.965,P=0.326),age(χ 2=2.126,P=0.145),and distant metastasis(χ 2=1.261,P=0.261).Conclusion LAMTOR3 is highly expressed in bladder carcinoma cell lines and tissues and plays a key role in the development and progression of bladder carcinoma.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17741, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689823

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We compared the clinical efficacy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) for diagnosing cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). METHODS: A total of 485 cases of suspected CSP were recruited from January 2017 to March 2018. All received TVS and CEUS by two sonologists blinded to diagnosis by the other. Diagnostic features of CSP that significantly differed between modalities by univariate analysis (P < .05) were included in a logistic regression model. The sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (+LR), negative likelihood ratio (-LR), and accuracy (ACC) of CSP diagnosis by TVS and CEUS were compared according to operational and pathological outcomes as the reference standard. RESULTS: There were 220 CSP cases (including 85 cases of type I, 93 of type II, and 42 of type III). The sensitivities of CEUS for detection of types I - III CSP were 94.1%, 92.5%, and 97.6%, respectively, and corresponding sensitivities of TVS were 82.4%, 80.6%, and 95.2%. Compared to TVS, CEUS yielded significantly better overall sensitivity (97.27% vs 88.18%), specificity (96.60% vs 75.47%), +LR (28.60 vs 3.59), -LR (0.03 vs 0.16), and diagnostic ACC (96.9% vs 81.23%) (all P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: CEUS is superior to TVS for detecting cesarean scar pregnancy and distinguishing among CSP types.


Assuntos
Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Cicatriz/complicações , Meios de Contraste , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez Ectópica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Gravidez , Gravidez Ectópica/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Vagina/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Brief Bioinform ; 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711128

RESUMO

To understand tumor heterogeneity in cancer, personalized driver genes (PDGs) need to be identified for unraveling the genotype-phenotype associations corresponding to particular patients. However, most of the existing driver-focus methods mainly pay attention on the cohort information rather than on individual information. Recent developing computational approaches based on network control principles are opening a new way to discover driver genes in cancer, particularly at an individual level. To provide comprehensive perspectives of network control methods on this timely topic, we first considered the cancer progression as a network control problem, in which the expected PDGs are altered genes by oncogene activation signals that can change the individual molecular network from one health state to the other disease state. Then, we reviewed the network reconstruction methods on single samples and introduced novel network control methods on single-sample networks to identify PDGs in cancer. Particularly, we gave a performance assessment of the network structure control-based PDGs identification methods on multiple cancer datasets from TCGA, for which the data and evaluation package also are publicly available. Finally, we discussed future directions for the application of network control methods to identify PDGs in cancer and diverse biological processes.

18.
Biomater Sci ; 7(12): 5312-5323, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617509

RESUMO

Bad water solubility and undesired toxicity of triptolide (TP) still restrict its clinical applications in renal diseases. In this work, well-defined, monodispersed, and uniform-sized TP-encapsulated mesoscale nanoparticles (TP-MNPs) were fabricated through a nanoprecipitation method, which possesses special kidney-targeting capacity, slow-release property, and high-efficiency treatment for renal ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). The TP-MNPs had good cytocompatibility in wide TP concentration (0-500 ng ml-1) and time ranges (6-24 h). Ex vivo organ fluorescence imaging and pharmacokinetic analysis suggested that TP-MNPs possessed excellent kidney-targeting capability with long retention time (7 days). The TP-MNPs with a very low dose of TP (0.01 mg kg-1) could effectively protect the kidney against IRI, while 0.01 mg kg-1 TP was completely ineffective. After treatment with TP-MNPs, the serum creatine, blood urea nitrogen, expression of C3 complement, and phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinase of renal IRI mice were estimated to be 5.9-, 2.0-, 5.4-, and 2.8-fold lower than those of the mice treated with TP, respectively. Compared with TP, the TP-MNPs exhibited ignorable hepatotoxicity, reproductive toxicity, and immunotoxicity, such as lower alanine aminotransferase (0.5 fold) and aspartate aminotransferase (0.2 fold), and a higher ratio of CD4+/CD8+ (2.2 fold). Thus, the monodispersed and uniform-sized TP-MNPs with special kidney-targeting and slow-release property may pave an avenue for designing a new therapeutic strategy for renal diseases.

19.
Chem Rev ; 119(21): 11291-11351, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593450

RESUMO

This review sets out to understand the reactivity of diradicals and how that may differ from monoradicals. In the first part of the review, we delineate the electronic structure of a diradical with its two degenerate or nearly degenerate molecular orbitals, occupied by two electrons. A classification of diradicals based on whether or not the two SOMOs can be located on different sites of the molecule is useful in determining the ground state spin. Important is a delocalized to localized orbital transformation that interchanges "closed-shell" to "open-shell" descriptions. The resulting duality is useful in understanding the dual reactivity of singlet diradicals. In the second part of the review, we examine, with a consistent level of theory, activation energies of prototypical radical reactions (dimerization, hydrogen abstraction, and addition to ethylene) for representative organic diradicals and diradicaloids in their two lowest spin states. Differences and similarities in reactivity of diradicals vs monoradicals, based on either a localized or delocalized view, whichever is suitable, are then discussed. The last part of this review begins with an extensive, comparative, and critical survey of available measures of diradical character and ends with an analysis of the consequences of diradical character for selected diradicaloids.

20.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(19)2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569660

RESUMO

The effects of ultrasonic introduced by L-shaped sonotrodes made of high-temperature-resistant ceramic on the microstructure and macro-segregation of solidifying 15t AA2219 aluminum alloy ingots have been examined in the present study. The macroscopic morphology of the corrosion of the sonotrode has been observed. Grain refinement has been observed, the shape and size of the precipitated phase of the ingot were counted, and the degree of segregation along the transverse direction at 500 mm from the head of the ingot has been evaluated. The results reveal that the L-shaped ceramic ultrasonic introduction device can effectively avoid the erosion of high-temperature melt on the sonotrode and the heat radiation of the high-temperature heat flow to the transducer. Furthermore, the scanning electron microscope (SEM) and chemical composition detection results also indicate that the inter-dendritic micro-segregation of the equiaxed grains can be reduced, and the macro-segregation of the chemical composition of the ingot can be suppressed, and more homogeneous microstructures can be obtained when ultrasonic has been applied during solidification.

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