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1.
Front Chem ; 10: 950974, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35936095

RESUMO

Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have been widely explored for their excellent gas sensing properties, especially high sensitivity and stability at room temperature. MoTe2 exhibits good sensitivity and selectivity to some nitrogen-containing gases (i.e., NO2, NH3) and has received extensive attention in gas sensing. In addition, increasingly complex production environments place demands on high-quality gas sensors. Therefore, worldwide efforts are devoted to designing and manufacturing MoTe2-based gas sensors with faster response and recovery speed. This paper summarizes the research progress of MoTe2-based gas sensing, focuses on the practical measures to improve the response and recovery speed of MoTe2-based sensors, and discusses the mechanism. This provides guidance for exploring higher performance MoTe2 sensors.

2.
Research (Wash D C) ; 2022: 9826426, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966759

RESUMO

Rapid integration into the host tissue is critical for long-term patency after small diameter tissue engineering vascular grafts (sdTEVGs) transplantation. Neural recognition may be required for host integration and functionalization of the graft. However, immune rejection and inflammation hinder nerve regeneration of sdTEVGs. Here, a CRISPR/dCas9-nanocarrier was used for targeted programming of regulatory T cells (Treg cells) in situ to promote nerve regeneration of sdTEVGs by preventing excessive inflammation. Treg cells and (C-C chemokine receptor) CCR2+ macrophage recruitment occurred after transplantation. The nanodelivery system upregulated ten eleven translocation (TET2) in Treg cells in vitro. Reprogrammed Treg cells upregulated anti-inflammatory cytokines and decreased the proportion of CCR2+ macrophages. IL-6 concentrations decreased to the levels required for nerve regeneration. Implantation of CRISPR/dCas9 nanodelivery system-modified sdTEVGs in rats resulted in Treg cell editing, control of excessive inflammation, and promoted nerve regeneration. After 3 months, nerve regeneration was similar to that observed in normal blood vessels; good immune homeostasis, consistency of hemodynamics, and matrix regeneration were observed. Neural recognition promotes further integration of the graft into the host, with unobstructed blood vessels without intimal hyperplasia. Our findings provide new insights into vascular implant functionalization by the host.

3.
Front Public Health ; 10: 937361, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937236

RESUMO

Background: Self-rated health has been widely used as a useful screening tool to subjectively evaluate individuals' health status. Under the context of the rapid growth of aging, there was a dramatic rapid expansion in internal older migrants in China. Serious concerns on the issues of health status continue to attract quite a lot of attention over the past decades. Public health education is one of the most important health care services and methods to improve individuals' health status. However, most previous studies focus on the utilization of public health services such as visiting to doctors, physical examination, and hospitalization. There was limited evidence on the self-rated health and public health education of older migrants. Objectives: The study aimed to evaluate self-rated health and the associated determinants in older migrants, as well as to gain a deeper insight into the current status of public health education received by older migrants. Methods: We derived the data from the National Migrants Population Health and Family Planning Dynamic Monitor Survey 2018, a cross-sectional study, for secondary analysis. Internal migrants aged 60 years old or over were included in the study. Self-rated health was the dependent variable, while sociodemographic characteristics were the independent variable. The univariate and multivariate analyses were performed by Stata 15.1. Results: A total of 5,589 older migrants were included in the study. Eighty-two percentage of older migrants reported healthy self-rated health. There was a significant association between age, gender, minzu, education level, monthly income, public health education, and self-rated health (P < 0.5). However, the proportion of older migrants that received specific public health education was <50%. The most common approach to receiving public health education was through the leaflet, while <20% of older migrants received public health education through public consultation and one-to-one education. Conclusions: It was necessary to promote the publicity of public health education in older migrants through easy access and diverse approaches in order to effectively spread health-related knowledge to older migrants to satisfy their health needs and maintain their health.


Assuntos
Migrantes , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Educação em Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos
4.
Food Chem Toxicol ; : 113325, 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35963474

RESUMO

No observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) is an identified dose level which used as a point of departure to infer a safe exposure limit of chemicals, especially in food additives and cosmetics. Recently, in silico approaches have been employed as effective alternatives to determine the toxicity endpoints of chemicals instead of animal experiments. Several acceptable models have been reported, yet assessing the risk of repeated-dose toxicity remains inadequate. This study established robust machine learning predictive models for NOAEL at different exposure durations by constructing high-quality datasets and comparing different kinds of molecular representations and algorithms. The features of molecular structures affecting NOAEL were explored using advanced cheminformatics methods, and predictive models also communicated the NOAEL between different species and exposure durations. In addition, a NOAEL prediction tool for chemical risk assessment is provided (available at: https://github.com/ifyoungnet/NOAEL). We hope this study will help researchers easily screen and evaluate the subacute and sub-chronic toxicity of disparate compounds in the development of food additives in the future.

5.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 538, 2022 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35787798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perinatal complications are common burdens for neonates born from mother with pPROM. Physicians and parents sometimes need to make critical decisions about neonatal care with short- and long-term implications on infant's health and families and it is important to predict severe neonatal outcomes with high accuracy. METHODS: The study was based on our prospective study on 1001 preterm infants born from mother with pPROM from August 1, 2017, to March 31, 2018 in three hospitals in China. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was applied to build a predicting model incorporating obstetric and neonatal characteristics available within the first day of NICU admission. We used enhanced bootstrap resampling for internal validation. RESULTS: One thousand one-hundred pregnancies with PROM at preterm with a single fetus were included in our study. SNO was diagnosed in 180 (17.98%) neonates. On multivariate analysis of the primary cohort, independent factors for SNO were respiratory support on the first day,, surfactant on day 1, and birth weight, which were selected into the nomogram. The model displayed good discrimination with a C-index of 0.838 (95%CI, 0.802-0.874) and good calibration performance. High C-index value of 0.835 could still be reached in the internal validation and the calibration curve showed good agreement. Decision curve analysis showed if the threshold is > 15%, using our model would achieve higher net benefit than model with birthweight as the only one predictor. CONCLUSION: Variables available on the first day in NICU including respiratory support on the first day, the use of surfactant on the first day and birthweight could be used to predict the risk of SNO in infants born from mother with pPROM with good discrimination and calibration performance.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Mães , Peso ao Nascer , Feminino , Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Tensoativos
6.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 904581, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35795026

RESUMO

Background: Nurses play a key role in the health care system. However, clinical nurses experience different kinds of stressors that might impact the nurses' quality of life or quality of care. Family is one of the main social support resources, and quality family function might improve the quality of care provided by nurses. However, evidence on family function in Chinese clinical nurses is quite limited. Objectives: The current study was to evaluate the family function of the Chinese clinical nurses, and to explore associated predicting factors. Methods: A multi-center cross-sectional anonymous online survey was carried out. Chinese Family Function Scale was used in the study. Spearman's rank correlation analysis, Mann-Whitney U test, or Kruskal-Wallis H test was performed in the univariate analysis. The pairwise comparison method was used to determine whether the difference was significant between pair groups. Categorical regression (optimal scaling regression) was the main method to analyze factors that had been confirmed to be statistically significant in the univariate analysis. Results: Nineteen thousand four hundred and twenty-two nurses completed the online questionnaires. The median of the nurse's perceived family function score was three (Inter-quartile Range: IQR 2-5). The multivariate analysis showed that the highest education level (P <0.001), the hospital level (P <0 .001), rotation shift status (P <0.001), working department (P < 0.001), number of children (P < 0.001), monthly income per family member (P < 0.001) were significantly associated with family function. Moreover, the importance of the factors was the number of children (49.1%), monthly income per family member (20.7%), rotation shift status (12.4%), the highest education level (8.0%), the hospital level (7.6%), and working department (2.4%) in turn. Conclusions: The family function was associated with multiple factors, which hints that managers, leaders, and government could make strategies to improve nurses' family function in order to lead nurses to make a balance between family and work. Policymakers, nursing managers, and employers should make strategies such as promoting children-care services, increasing nurses' income, educating and training enough nurses, and building a well-established system of career development to help clinical nurses improve their family function so that to improve the quality of care.

7.
Int J Womens Health ; 14: 837-843, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35795246

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the value of prenatal ultrasonography in the differential diagnosis of fetal space-occupying lesions in the adrenal gland. Methods: Thirty-six fetuses with adrenal gland space-occupying lesions diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography between January 2019 and July 2021 were included in this retrospective study. The clinical data, ultrasonographic features, treatments, and prognoses of the fetuses were analyzed. Postnatal diagnoses were made using computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging, and surgical resection. Results: Of the 36 fetuses, 10 were diagnosed with adrenal hematomas, eight with adrenal neuroblastomas, seven with adrenal cysts, seven with subphrenic pulmonary sequestration, and four with adrenal teratomas. The accuracy of prenatal diagnosis was highest in those with adrenal cysts and subphrenic pulmonary sequestration, with the accuracy being 85.7% for both conditions. The mean gestational age at first detection of subphrenic pulmonary sequestration was 22.5 ± 3.1 weeks, which was significantly lower than that of other diagnoses (P < 0.05), and the mean diameter of adrenal cysts was 15.1 ± 4.2 mm, which was significantly smaller than that of other lesions (P < 0.05). All newborns with adrenal teratomas and neuroblastomas were treated surgically. Five of the seven patients with subphrenic pulmonary sequestration and three of the seven patients with cysts were also treated surgically. Follow-ups of the remaining cases were carried out by enhanced CT examination, and the prognoses were good. Conclusion: Prenatal ultrasonography can help differentiate between different types of fetal adrenal space-occupying lesions, and there is a high coincidence rate between the diagnosis of adrenal cysts and subphrenic pulmonary sequestration.

8.
J Med Virol ; 2022 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35879101

RESUMO

During the long coevolution of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and humans, the host has formed a defense system of multiple layers to eradicate the invader, and the virus has developed various strategies to evade host surveillance programs. The intrinsic immunity primarily orchestrated by promyelocytic leukemia (PML) nuclear bodies (PML-NBs) represents the first line of defense against HCMV infection. Here, we demonstrate that microrchidia family CW-type zinc finger 3 (MORC3), a PML-NBs component, is a restriction factor targeting HCMV infection. We show that depletion of MORC3 through knockdown by RNA interference or knockout by CRISPR-Cas9 augmented immediate-early protein 1 (IE1) gene expression and subsequent viral replication, and overexpressing MORC3 inhibited HCMV replication by suppressing IE1 gene expression. To relief the restriction, HCMV induces transient reduction of MORC3 protein level via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway during the immediate-early to early stage. However, MORC3 transcription is upregulated, and the protein level recovers in the late stages. Further analyses with temporal-controlled MORC3 expression and the major immediate-early promoter (MIEP)-based reporters show that MORC3 suppresses MIEP activity and consequent IE1 expression with the assistance of PML. Taken together, our data reveal that HCMV enforces temporary loss of MORC3 to evade its repression against the initiation of immediate-early gene expression.

9.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 12275, 2022 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35851306

RESUMO

To find the risk of time thresholds of PROM for infectious diseases of term neonates. A multi-center prospective cohort study including pregnancies with PROM at term with a single fetus were conducted. Time thresholds of the duration from PROM to delivery were examined in 2-h increments to assess the rates of infectious neonatal diseases. 7019 pregnancies were included in the study. Neonatal pneumonia and sepsis were most frequent infectious diseases in neonates born from mother with PROM at term. Rates of early-onset pneumonia varied significantly when comparing length of time of PROM greater than 16 h vs. less than 16 h (for EOP in 3 days of life, adjusted OR 1.864, 95% CI 1.159 ~ 2.997, p = 0.010; for EOP in 7 days of life, adjusted OR 1.704, 95% CI 1.104 ~ 2.628, p = 0.016). Neonates born from mother of whom the length of time from PROM to delivery ≥ 16 h were at a higher risk of acquiring EOP.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis , Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais , Doenças do Recém-Nascido , Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(13)2022 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35806046

RESUMO

Plants have various self-defense mechanisms against biotic attacks, involving both physical and chemical barriers. Physical barriers include spines, trichomes, and cuticle layers, whereas chemical barriers include secondary metabolites (SMs) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Complex interactions between plants and herbivores occur. Plant responses to insect herbivory begin with the perception of physical stimuli, chemical compounds (orally secreted by insects and herbivore-induced VOCs) during feeding. Plant cell membranes then generate ion fluxes that create differences in plasma membrane potential (Vm), which provokes the initiation of signal transduction, the activation of various hormones (e.g., jasmonic acid, salicylic acid, and ethylene), and the release of VOCs and SMs. This review of recent studies of plant-herbivore-infection interactions focuses on early and late plant responses, including physical barriers, signal transduction, SM production as well as epigenetic regulation, and phytohormone responses.


Assuntos
Herbivoria , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Animais , Epigênese Genética , Herbivoria/fisiologia , Insetos/metabolismo , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas/metabolismo , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/metabolismo
11.
Nefrología (Madrid) ; 42(4): 415-431, Julio - Agosto 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-205783

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of ACE I/D gene polymorphisms on diabetic kidney disease (DKD) risk.MethodsAll eligible investigations were identified, the number of various genotype in the case and control group were reviewed. The pooled analysis was performed using Stata software.ResultsIn overall subjects, 24,321 participants with 12,961 cases and 11,360 controls were included. the pooled analysis showed a significant link between D allele, DD or II genotype and DKD risk (D versus I: OR=1.316, 95% CI: 1.213–1.427, P=0.000; DD versus ID+II: OR=1.414, 95% CI: 1.253–1.595, P=0.000; II versus DD+ID: OR=0.750, 95% CI: 0.647–0.869, P=0.000). The subgroup pooled analysis showed that ACE I/D gene polymorphism was correlated with DKD both in Asian and in Chinese population. In addition, ACE I/D gene polymorphism was correlated with type 2 DKD (D versus I: OR=1.361, 95% CI: 1.243–1.490, P=0.000; DD versus ID+II: OR=1.503, 95% CI: 1.310–1.726, P=0.000; II versus DD+ID: OR=0.738, 95% CI: 0.626 –0.870, P=0.000). However, there was no obvious correlation in Caucasian subjects and type 1 diabetic patients.ConclusionACE I/D polymorphisms were correlated with DKD in Asian and type 2 diabetic populations. ACE D allele/DD genotype might be a risk factor, while ACE II genotype might be a protective factor for DKD. (AU)


Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la influencia de los polimorfismos del gen I/D de la ECA en el riesgo de enfermedad renal diabética (ERD).MétodosSe identificaron todas las investigaciones elegibles, se revisó el número de varios genotipos en el grupo de casos y controles. El análisis combinado se realizó con el software Stata.ResultadosEn el conjunto de los sujetos, se incluyeron 24.321 participantes con 12.961 casos y 11.360 controles. El análisis combinado mostró una relación significativa entre el alelo D, el genotipo DD o II y el riesgo de DKD (D frente a I: OR=1,316, IC del 95%: 1,213–1,427, P=0,000; DD frente a ID+II: OR=1,414, IC del 95%: 1,253-1,595, P=0,000; II frente a DD+ID: OR=0,750, 95% CI: 0,647-0,869, P=0,000). El análisis de subgrupos mostró que el polimorfismo del gen I/D de la ECA se correlacionaba con la DMD tanto en la población asiática como en la china. Además, el polimorfismo del gen I/D de la ECA se correlacionó con la DKD de tipo 2 (D frente a I: OR=1,361, IC del 95%: 1,243-1,490, P=0,000; DD frente a ID+II: OR=1,503, IC del 95%: 1,310-1,726, P=0,000; II frente a DD+ID: OR=0,738, 95% CI: 0,626 -0,870, P=0,000). Sin embargo, no hubo una correlación evidente en los sujetos caucásicos y en los pacientes diabéticos de tipo 1.ConclusiónLos polimorfismos I/D de la ECA se correlacionaron con la DKD en poblaciones asiáticas y diabéticas de tipo 2. El alelo D de la ECA/genotipo DD podría ser un factor de riesgo, mientras que el genotipo II de la ECA podría ser un factor de protección para la DKD. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Polimorfismo Genético , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nefropatias , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto
12.
Brain ; 2022 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35788280

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that causes age-dependent neurological and cognitive declines. The treatments for AD pose a significant challenge, because the mechanisms of disease are not being fully understood. Malfunction of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is increasingly recognized as a major contributor to the pathophysiology of AD, especially at the early stages of the disease. However, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly characterized, while few molecules can directly target and improve BBB function in the context of AD. Here, we showed dysfunctional BBB in AD patients reflected by perivascular accumulation of blood-derived fibrinogen in the hippocampus and cortex, accompanied by decreased tight junction proteins Claudin-5 and glucose transporter Glut-1 in the brain endothelial cells (BECs). In the APPswe/PS1dE9 (APP/PS1) mouse model of AD, BBB dysfunction started at 4 months of age and became severe at 9 months of age. In the cerebral microvessels of APP/PS1 mice and Aß-treated BECs, we found suppressed Wnt/ß-catenin signaling triggered by an increase of GSK3ß activation, but not an inhibition of the AKT pathway or switching to the Wnt/planar cell polarity pathway. Furthermore, using our newly developed optogenetic tool for controlled regulation of LRP6 (upstream regulator of the Wnt signaling) to activate Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, BBB malfunction was restored by preventing Aß-induced BEC impairments and promoting the barrier repair. In conclusion, targeting LRP6 in the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in the brain endothelium can alleviate BBB malfunction induced by Aß, which may be a potential treatment strategy for AD.

13.
J Oncol ; 2022: 6792850, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35874629

RESUMO

Glioblastoma is the most common primary tumor in the central nervous system, and thrombosis-associated genes are related to its occurrence and progression. Univariate Cox and LASSO regression analysis were utilized to develop a new prognostic signature based on thrombosis-associated genes. Gene ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), and HALLMARK were used for functional annotation of risk signature. ESTIMATE, MCP-counter, xCell, and TIMER algorithms were used to quantify immune infiltration in the tumor microenvironment. Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer (GDSC) was used for selecting potential drug compounds. Risk signature based on thrombosis-associated genes shows moderate performance in prognosis prediction. The functional annotation of the risk signature indicates that the signaling pathways related to the cell cycle, apoptosis, tumorigenesis, and immune suppression are rich in the high-risk group. Somatic mutation analysis shows that tumor-suppressive gene TP53 and oncogene PTEN have higher expression in low-risk and high-risk groups, respectively. Potential drug compounds are explored in risk score groups and show higher AUC values in the low-risk score group. A nomogram with valuable prognostic factors exhibits high sensitivity in predicting the survival outcome of GBM patients. Our research screens out multiple thromboses-associated genes with remarkable clinical significance in GBM and further develops a meaningful prognostic risk signature predicting drug sensitivity and survival outcome.

14.
Front Chem ; 10: 911170, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35646821

RESUMO

The detection of dissolved gases in oil is an important method for the analysis of transformer fault diagnosis. In this article, the potential-doped structure of the Ag3 cluster on the HfSe2 monolayer and adsorption behavior of CO and C2H4 upon Ag3-HfSe2 were studied theoretically. Herein, the binding energy, adsorption energy, band structure, density of state (DOS), partial density of state (PDOS), Mulliken charge analysis, and frontier molecular orbital were investigated. The results showed that the adsorption effect on C2H4 is stronger than that on CO. The electrical sensitivity and anti-interference were studied based on the bandgap and adsorption energy of gases. In particular, there is an increase of 55.49% in the electrical sensitivity of C2H4 after the adsorption. Compared to the adsorption energy of different gases, it was found that only the adsorption of the C2H4 system is chemisorption, while that of the others is physisorption. It illustrates the great anti-interference in the detection of C2H4. Therefore, the study explored the potential of HfSe2-modified materials for sensing and detecting CO and C2H4 to estimate the working state of power transformers.

15.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 2879-2890, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35686193

RESUMO

Purpose: To summarize the clinical characteristics, treatment and outcomes of transplant recipients infected with Talaromyces marneffei (TM). Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 2 patients with Talaromycosis marneffei (TSM) and transplants at the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, and a systematic literature review was conducted simultaneously. Results: This article reported two patients after kidney transplantation who developed fever, cough within 3-4 months. Their haemoglobin was decreased. Their chest computed tomography (CT) showed nodules. TM was detected in their blood or bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples by next-generation sequencing (NGS). After antifungal treatment with voriconazole (VOR), one patient worsened, the other patient died. A total of 21 patients with TSM after transplants were reported in the literature review. Fourteen underwent kidney transplantation, 4 underwent liver transplantation, 2 underwent lung transplantation, and 1 underwent bone marrow transplantation. The median time from initiating the postoperative immunosuppressive therapy to the onset of symptoms or disease changes was 18 (0.5-140) months. Among them, 9 patients developed fever, 7 patients developed cough or expectoration and 4 patients developed dyspnoea. Haemoglobin was decreased in 10 patients. Pulmonary nodules were found in 7 patients. Among the 21 patients, 7 were diagnosed by positive culture, 6 by biopsy, 5 by culture and biopsy. Of the 21 patients, 13 patients improved by antifungal therapy, 8 patients worsened or died. Seven patients who received amphotericin B followed by itraconazole (ITR) therapy all improved. Regarding the use of immunosuppressants in 12 patients, 9 patients had to discontinue or reduce their medications (6 patients improved, 3 patients worsened or died). Conclusion: Patients with TSM after transplant often have disseminated infections, involving the respiratory, hematopoietic and so on. Fever, cough, decreased haemoglobin and pulmonary nodules often occur approximately 18 months after surgery. The combined applications of culture, biopsy, NGS are helpful for an early diagnosis. Antifungal therapy with amphotericin B followed by itraconazole is recommended, and the dosage of the immunosuppressant should be adjusted timely.

16.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2500: 105-129, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35657590

RESUMO

The remarkable advancement of top-down proteomics in the past decade is driven by the technological development in separation, mass spectrometry (MS) instrumentation, novel fragmentation, and bioinformatics. However, the accurate identification and quantification of proteoforms, all clearly-defined molecular forms of protein products from a single gene, remain a challenging computational task. This is in part due to the complicated mass spectra from intact proteoforms when compared to those from the digested peptides. Herein, pTop 2.0 is developed to fill in the gap between the large-scale complex top-down MS data and the shortage of high-accuracy bioinformatic tools. Compared with pTop 1.0, the first version, pTop 2.0 concentrates mainly on the identification of the proteoforms with unexpected modifications or a terminal truncation. The quantitation based on isotopic labeling is also a new function, which can be carried out by the convenient and user-friendly "one-key operation," integrated together with the qualitative identifications. The accuracy and running speed of pTop 2.0 is significantly improved on the test data sets. This chapter will introduce the main features, step-by-step running operations, and algorithmic developments of pTop 2.0 in order to push the identification and quantitation of intact proteoforms to a higher-accuracy level in top-down proteomics.


Assuntos
Proteoma , Proteômica , Espectrometria de Massas , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos
18.
Adv Parasitol ; 116: 69-113, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35752450

RESUMO

Hainan Province is in a tropical area of China and previously experienced serious P. falciparum and P. vivax malaria epidemics. After nearly 70 consecutive years of malaria prevention and control, malaria in Hainan has gradually been eliminated. To achieve the elimination of malaria, Hainan enacted six stages: investigative research and pilot prevention and control, large-scale antimalaria measures, adjustment of strategies for prevention and control, joint prevention and control measures, global funding of routine malaria control, and malaria elimination. Different strategies for malaria control were adopted at different stages. Malaria was most prevalent in the mountainous areas of central and southern Hainan, which contain a high-risk population (the forest goers) and two highly effective malaria vectors (An. dirus and An. minimus). Forest goers have been a high-risk population for malaria in Hainan since their identification in the 1990s. This paper summarizes malaria monitoring in forest goers and the response of forest goers to malaria control and elimination, distilling specific malaria control and elimination measures via case studies in Hainan Province. Two case studies in the malaria control stage demonstrated different measures for outbreaks and sporadic cases in forest goers. In view of the malaria outbreak in Sanya during the elimination stage, three-layered strategies (TLSs) were implemented to control outbreaks and improve control measures. Moreover, this paper also illustrates specific management measures to prevent malaria retransmission from sporadic imported malaria cases during the elimination phase. Hainan finally eliminated malaria in 2020. However, the risk of malaria retransmission is still high due to the prevalence of effective malaria vectors in Hainan, and forest goers are still a high-risk population for malaria retransmission.


Assuntos
Malária , China/epidemiologia , Florestas , Humanos , Malária/epidemiologia , Malária/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
19.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 816893, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35711602

RESUMO

Background and Objective: Several patients with pre-operative anxiety and insomnia refuse to take sleeping pills because of the side effects of sleeping pills. This study aimed to evaluate the applicability of intranasal dexmedetomidine (DEX) in the treatment of pre-operative anxiety and insomnia. Methods: A total of 72 patients with insomnia and anxiety were randomly divided into two groups of intranasal DEX (n = 36) and intranasal normal saline (NS, n = 36). The primary outcomes included patients' time to fall asleep, total sleep time, insomnia severity index (ISI) after treatment, and satisfaction with the treatment effect. The secondary outcomes were mean arterial pressure (MAP), oxygen saturation (SPO2), heart rate (HR), Narcotrend index (NI) in the first 2 h of treatment, and the incidence of adverse events within 12 h after treatment. Results: The time to fall asleep (22.08 ± 3.95 min) and total sleep time (400.06 ± 28.84 min) in the DEX group were significantly different from those in the NS group [time to fall asleep, 89.31 ± 54.56 min; total sleep time (295.19 ± 73.51 min; P < 0.001)]. ISI after treatment in the DEX group was lower than that in the NS group (P < 0.001). Satisfaction with the treatment effect was better in the DEX group than that in the NS group (P < 0.001). The general vital signs in the two groups were stable during the treatment. The drowsiness rate in the NS group was higher than that in the DEX group (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Intranasal DEX can significantly improve pre-operative anxiety and insomnia. Clinical Trial Registration: This study was registered on Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (http://www.chictr.org.cn/searchproj.aspx, ChiCTR2100044747).

20.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(8): 487, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35571446

RESUMO

Background: Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a relatively common diffuse connective tissue disease that often invades exocrine glands, such as the lacrimal and salivary glands, and manifests as dry eyes and dry mouth. At present, the molecular mechanism of pSS is not clear. This study was designed to explore the internal mechanism of pSS from the gene level and screen out the immune-related diagnostic markers of pSS. Methods: The gene expression profiles GSE84844, GSE7451, and GSE40611 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified with R software. Then, the DEGs were intersected with the immune genes obtained from the ImmPort database to acquire differentially expressed immune-related genes (DEIRGs), and functional enrichment analyses were performed. The DEIRGs were screened through the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) logistic regression algorithm to obtain the optimal immune-related genes (IRGs). Expression levels of the optimal IRGs were verified by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) to obtain the key genes. Next, gene chips GSE7451 and GSE40611, from other tissues, were selected as the training sets to verify the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnosis of the key genes by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Results: A total of 54 DEIRGs were obtained. The functional enrichment analysis results showed that they play an important role in immune and inflammatory responses. Nine optimal IRGs were screened from the DEIRGs by the LASSO logistic regression algorithm. After qRT-PCR verification, eight out of nine optimal IRGs (IL-18, JAK2, TBK1, EED, TNFSF10, TNFSF13B, CYSLTR1, and ICOS) were significantly highly expressed in pSS patients and were defined as key genes. ROC analysis identified that TNFSF13B and CYSLTR1 had high sensitivity and specificity. Finally, the lack of previous research on EED and CYSLTR1 in pSS suggests that these IRGs may be regarded as new gateways to explore the diagnosis and pathogenesis of pSS. Conclusions: The key DEIRGs play a decisive role during the occurrence and development of pSS.

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