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1.
Mil Med Res ; 7(1): 4, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029004

RESUMO

In December 2019, a new type viral pneumonia cases occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province; and then named "2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)" by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 12 January 2020. For it is a never been experienced respiratory disease before and with infection ability widely and quickly, it attracted the world's attention but without treatment and control manual. For the request from frontline clinicians and public health professionals of 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia management, an evidence-based guideline urgently needs to be developed. Therefore, we drafted this guideline according to the rapid advice guidelines methodology and general rules of WHO guideline development; we also added the first-hand management data of Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University. This guideline includes the guideline methodology, epidemiological characteristics, disease screening and population prevention, diagnosis, treatment and control (including traditional Chinese Medicine), nosocomial infection prevention and control, and disease nursing of the 2019-nCoV. Moreover, we also provide a whole process of a successful treatment case of the severe 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia and experience and lessons of hospital rescue for 2019-nCoV infections. This rapid advice guideline is suitable for the first frontline doctors and nurses, managers of hospitals and healthcare sections, community residents, public health persons, relevant researchers, and all person who are interested in the 2019-nCoV.

2.
Mil Med Res ; 6(1): 34, 2019 11 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both periodontal disease and benign prostatic hyperplasia are age-related diseases that affect millions of people worldwide. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the association between periodontal disease and the risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia. METHODS: A total of 4930 participants were selected from an available health examination that was carried out in 2017, only males were considered for further analysis. All eligible males were divided into benign prostatic hyperplasia and normal groups, the benign prostatic hyperplasia group was then divided into prostate volume ≤ 60 g and > 60 g subgroups; all their periodontal status was extracted and then into normal (CPI score of 0), periodontal disease (CPI score between 1 and 4), and periodontitis (CPI score between 3 and 4) groups. The correlation between periodontal disease and benign prostatic hyperplasia was investigated using logistic regression analyses and greedy matching case-control analysis. Subgroup analysis based on prostate volume was also performed. All analyses were conducted with SAS 9.4 software. RESULTS: A total of 2171 males were selected for this analysis. The presence of periodontal disease significantly increased the risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia by 1.68 times (OR = 1.68, 95% CI: 1.26-2.24), and individuals with periodontitis showed a higher risk (OR = 4.18, 95% CI: 2.75-6.35). In addition, among matched cases and controls, this association remained robust (periodontal disease: OR = 1.85, 95% CI: 1.30-2.64; periodontitis: OR = 4.83, 95% CI: 2.57-9.07). Subgroup analysis revealed that periodontal disease significantly increased benign prostate hyperplasia risk as well (for prostate volume ≤ 60 g: OR = 1.64, 95% CI: 1.22-2.20; for volume > 60 g: OR = 2.17, 95% CI: 1.04-4.53), and there was a higher risk in the group with a prostate volume greater than 60 g. CONCLUSION: Periodontal disease is significantly and positively associated with an increased risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Further validation studies should be performed to explore the relationship between periodontal treatment and benign prostate hyperplasia.

3.
BMJ Open ; 9(9): e026328, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519667

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore perspectives and reasoning of medical staff from Class A tertiary hospitals about the factors hindering and facilitating the uptake and use of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) during medical procedures. DESIGN: Mixed-method research study to collect and analyse both quantitative and qualitative data. SETTING: Class A tertiary hospitals in China. PARTICIPANTS: The inclusion criteria for the questionnaire survey and qualitative research were (1) medical practitioners and (2) years of practice: above 5 years in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: Questionnaires were distributed to medical staff in 11 cities to collect quantitative data. Frequency and ranking of barriers and enablers were analysed. Spearman correlations were computed to explore the correlation between years of practice, professional title ranking and educational background with self-reported guideline adherence. Using a constructivist grounded theory method, qualitative data were generated via in-depth face-to-face interviews with Chinese medical practitioners. RESULTS: A total of 359 medical practitioners were surveyed and 32 medical practitioners interviewed in 11 cities. Higher frequency and higher ranking of barriers all converged on 'lack of access', 'less convenient', 'lack of applicability' and 'lack of evidence from Chinese sample'. Higher frequency and higher ranking of enablers converged on 'Short formats presentation', 'Utilisation of various media', 'Information visualisation' and 'Linking to patient electronic medical records'. There were no relationships between characteristics of respondents with self-reported adherence. This research produced a theoretical understanding of the experience of medical practitioners when using guidelines. Themes identified were as follows: existing intrinsic flaws in guidelines, deficient or incomplete system mechanism and being ambiguous. CONCLUSION: Our findings provide a comprehensive and culturally sensitive perspective in understanding guideline implementation in China. Strategies addressing those barriers should be further discussed and researched in the future.

4.
Front Oncol ; 9: 729, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31448232

RESUMO

Objective: To develop a prognostic signature for patients with bladder cancer (BC). Methods: We identified differentially expressed miRNAs between normal bladder tissue and bladder cancer in the TCGA-BCLA dataset and evaluated prognostic values of these miRNAs. Then, a 21-miRNA signature was constructed based on the results of Cox proportional hazards regression model. Furthermore, functional enrichment analyses were conducted to explore the potential effects of the target genes of these 21 miRNAs. Results: Seventy six differentially expressed miRNAs were identified, among which 21 miRNAs including hsa-let-7c, mir-143, mir-944, mir-192, mir-590, mir-490, mir-141, mir-93, mir-1-2, mir-200c, mir-133a-1, mir-1-1, mir-133b, mir-20a, mir-185, mir-19a, mir-19b-2, mir-19b-1, mir-17, mir-15a, and mir-133a-2 were demonstrated to be significantly correlated with the overall survival (OS) of bladder cancer patients using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Log-rank test. The results of Chi-square test and multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that the 21-miRNA signature was significantly associated with the diagnosis type and T stage of bladder cancer. Univariate and multivariable survival analyses indicated that the 21-miRNA signature was an independent factor in predicting the overall survival of patients with bladder cancer. The results of functional enrichment analysis suggested that the target genes of these 21 miRNAs were mostly enriched in critical cancer-related biological processes and pathways, and the PPI network suggested that 60 targeted genes interacted with a minimum of 30 genes were at the hub of the whole network. In addition, we performed a multivariate nomogram and decision curve analysis (DCA) to evaluate the clinical application of 21-microRNA signature. Conclusion: We introduced a 21-miRNA signature which was associated the prognosis of patients of bladder cancer, and inspirational ideas for the future basic and clinical exploration.

5.
Front Genet ; 10: 706, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428137

RESUMO

Objective: The current study is aimed at exploring the relationship between chronic periodontitis and serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene polymorphisms (rs6354 and rs12449783) in the Chinese Han population. Methods: This study included a total of 120 patients with chronic periodontitis and 125 healthy control subjects. The 5-HTT gene (rs6354 and rs12449783) was genotyped using oral mucosal tissue with a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Linkage disequilibrium was examined using Haploview. Genotype and allele frequencies were compared between the cases and controls using a χ2 test. Results: Genotype distribution of the 5-HTT gene polymorphisms rs6354 and rs12449783 in the control group conformed to Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The frequency of the AC genotype, the AC + CC genotype and C allele of the 5-HTT rs6354 polymorphism was higher in cases (P < 0.05) vs. the healthy control. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) was 1.910 (95%CI = 1.049-3.476) for the AC genotype, 2.026 (95%CI = 1.115-3.680) for the AC+CC genotype, and 1.875 for the C allele (95%CI = 1.089-3.228. Such an association was particularly strong in women for the AC genotype (OR = 2.167, 95%CI = 1.034-4.542). The genotype and allele frequencies of rs12449783 did not differ between the cases and controls. Haplotype C-C (rs6354-rs12449783) was also more frequent in the cases (OR = 2.372, 95%CI = 1.154-4.875, P = 0.016). Conclusion: Chronic periodontitis is associated with the 5-HTT gene rs6354 polymorphism, as well as rs6354/rs12449783 interaction.

6.
Am J Mens Health ; 13(4): 1557988319870382, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426706

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate association between body mass index (BMI) and prostate volume (PV), international prostate symptom scores (IPSS), maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), and post-void residual (PVR) of Chinese benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients. All newly diagnosed BPH patients between September 2016 and August 2018 were selected and 788 patients were included. According to BMI, the patients were categorized into four groups, while according to PV, IPSS, Qmax, and PVR, they were categorized into two groups based on clinical significant cutoffs. Univariable and multivariable logistic regressions and a restricted cubic spline (RCS) were applied to explore the relationship of BMI with categorical PV, IPSS, Qmax, and PVR. Compared with normal BMI, obesity presented significant association with increased risk of larger PV (>80 ml) in both unadjusted and adjusted models (unadjusted odds ratio [OR] = 1.772, 95% CI [1.201, 2.614], p = .004; adjusted OR = 1.912, 95% CI [1.212, 3.017], p = .005); however, underweight or overweight did not present a significant connection with such risk. No significant effect was identified for BMI on IPSS, Qmax, or PVR in either unadjusted or adjusted model. Nonlinear test including BMI using RCS and adjusting for confounders showed no significance (p > .05); however, a significant linear relationship was ascertained between BMI and the risk of larger PV (p < .001). In conclusion, there was a significant linear association between BMI and the risk of larger PV in BPH patients. Hence, this suggests urologists should consider both BMI and PV when providing surgical treatment for BPH patients.

7.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 75: 105747, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Synthetic thymic peptides (sTPs) are used with chemotherapy to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, we have performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of published trials to confirm the clinical efficacy and safety of sTPs, and determine the optimal types, usages, and sTP/chemotherapy combinations to produce the desired responses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected all studies regarding combined sTP therapy and chemotherapy for NSCLC from the Chinese and English databases (up to October 2018). Bias risk was evaluated for each. Data for meta-analysis was extracted using a pre-designed form. Evidence quality was rated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. RESULTS: We included 27 randomized controlled trials containing 1925 patients, most with unclear bias risk. Combining sTPs with chemotherapy significantly increased the objective response rate [1.28, (1.13 to 1.45)], disease control rate [1.10, (1.01 to 1.18)], quality of life (QOL) [2.05, (1.62, 2.60)], and 1-year overall survival rate [1.43, (1.15 to 1.78)], with decreased risks of neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and gastrointestinal reactions. Optimal conditions included treatment in combination with gemcitabine or navelbine and cisplatin, twice a week, with one 3-week cycle. In these conditions, thymosin α1 improved both antitumor immunity and tumor response. Most results had good robustness, and their quality ranged from moderate to very low. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that treatment with sTPs, especially thymosin α1, and concomitant chemotherapy is beneficial to the patient, and provide evidence for optimal treatment regimens that may increase patient QOL and survival.

8.
Front Physiol ; 10: 774, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31293443

RESUMO

Objective: Many published studies have investigated the association between CYP17 rs743572 polymorphism and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) susceptibility but have yielded inconsistent results. Hence, we performed this meta-analysis using the multivariate statistic method to address a more precise association. Methods: Case-control or cohort studies with adequate genotype distribution or minor allele frequency (MAF) were identified by searching the PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases up to December, 2018. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to estimate the association between CYP17 rs743572 polymorphism and BPH susceptibility. Results: Pooled MAFs of 13 studies were 37% in Caucasians and 56% in Orientals, respectively. Pooled results of 8 studies suggested that CYP17 rs743572 was not associated with the BPH susceptibility in the overall population (OR = 0.98, 95% CI: 0.80-1.20 for A2 vs. A1; OR = 0.99, 95% CI: 0.79-1.25 for A1/A2 vs. A1/A1; OR = 0.97, 95% CI: 0.62-1.53 for A2/A2 vs. A1/A1). Sensitivity analysis showed the results were robust. Subgroup analysis based on ethnicity suggested that, in Orientals, A2 allele carriers had a 28% lower risk of developing BPH compared with A1 allele carriers, and the risk of BPH is 47% lower in A2/A2 genotype carriers compared with A1/A1 genotype carriers. No significant association was observed in Caucasians. Conclusion: In conclusion, our study indicates a negative association between CYP17 and BPH in Orientals. However, due to limited sample size, the conclusion should be interpreted with caution.

9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(13): 4438-4445, 2019 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280253

RESUMO

Evidence suggests there maybe an association among abnormal fasting blood glucose, hypertension and benign prostatic hyperplasia. In this study, we investigated whether abnormal fasting blood glucose correlates with hypertension in aging benign prostatic hyperplasia patients. Ultimately, 612 benign prostatic hyperplasia patients, including 230 hypertensive patients and 382 normotensive patients, were included. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the associations. The results indicated that neither impaired fasting glucose/high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus nor high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus were associated with an increased risk of hypertension. When patients were stratified based on the severity of their hypertension, similar results were obtained (all P> 0.05). After adjusting for confounding factors, the nonsignificant tendencies for high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose/high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus to associate with hypertension persisted (all P> 0.05). Unlike earlier studies, the present study suggests that the level of fasting blood glucose may not be significantly related to hypertension in aging patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia.

10.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 3298-3302, 2019 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND alpha-actinin-4 (Actinin-4 or ACTN4), originally identified as an actin-binding protein associated with the biological function of cancer cells, appears to be highly expressed in numerous human epithelial carcinomas, including breast cancer (BC). In the present study we assessed the role of serum ACTN4 as a biomarker for BC diagnosis, as well as the association between ACTN4 levels and clinicopathological features. MATERIAL AND METHODS ACTN4 expression level was measured with quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis in serum specimens of 128 BC patients and 96 healthy volunteers. χ² testing was conducted to explore the association of ACTN4 levels with clinicopathologic factors. Moreover, the diagnostic value of ACTN4 was analyzed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. RESULTS Serum ACTN4 level was obviously upregulated in patients with BC compared with healthy controls (P<0.05). High ACTN4 expression was significantly associated with clinical stage (P=0.000), tumor grade (P=0.004), and lymph node status (P=0.024). However, no association was found between ACTN4 expression and age, tumor size, ER status, PR status, or HER-2 status (all P>0.05). The ROC analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of ACTN4 was 0.887 (95%CI: 0.843-0.931), with sensitivity of 80.5% and specificity of 84.4%, and the cutoff value was 1.050. CONCLUSIONS ACTN4 in serum can serve as a clinical predictor in the diagnosis or prediction of clinical outcomes of patients with BC.


Assuntos
Actinina/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/métodos
11.
Front Physiol ; 10: 440, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31105578

RESUMO

Objective: Published evidence showed that periodontal disease is associated with hypertension. However, relevant findings remain controversial, with few evidences focusing on Chinese population. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the association between periodontal disease and hypertension in Chinese population. Methods: A total of 4,930 participants from an available health examination that was carried out in 2017 were selected for this retrospective study. The correlations between periodontal disease and hypertension were investigated using univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses and propensity score adjusted analysis. Interaction and subgroup analyses were also used to detect variable factors. Results: Finally, a total of 3,952 participants aged 30-68 years were eligible for this study. The results showed that hypertension risk was statistically significant associated with periodontal disease either in unadjusted (OR = 1.28, 95%CI = 1.14-1.47) or in adjusted (OR = 1.34, 95%CI = 1.14-1.58) model. Result from propensity score adjusted analysis also demonstrated a similar association (OR = 1.23, 95%CI = 1.06-1.42). Conclusion: Periodontal disease is significantly and positively correlated with increased risk of hypertension in Chinese population, and exact mechanisms of this association should be explored in future.

12.
Front Genet ; 10: 179, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30915104

RESUMO

Objective: Chronic periodontitis (CP) is a growing problem that affects the worldwide population, having significant impacts on people's daily lives and economic development. Genetics is an important component in the determination of individual susceptibility to periodontal diseases. Numerous studies have been performed to investigate the association between beta defensin 1 (DEFB1) rs11362 polymorphism and risk of CP, but the results are still inconclusive. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to ascertain whether this variation in DEFB1 is associated with CP susceptibility. Methods: The relevant studies were searched in PubMed and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases up to January 9, 2018. Two independent authors selected citations and extracted the data from eligible studies. Odds ratios (ORs) with their 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were used to assess the strength of the association. Results: Seven case-control studies were included in this meta-analysis. Based on unadjusted data, there was no obvious association between DEFB1 rs11362 polymorphism and CP risk in all genetic models (A vs. G: OR = 0.86, 95%CI = 0.61-1.20; AA vs. GG: OR = 0.83, 95% CI = 00.50-1.39; AG vs. GG: OR = 1.01, 95%CI = 0.73-1.39; AG+AA vs. GG: OR = 0.91, 95% CI = 00.74-1.11; and AA vs. AG+GG: OR = 0.83, 95% CI = 00.57-1.21); the results of adjusted data also showed no significant relationship. Subgroup analyses based on ethnicity, participants' smoking status, HWE in controls and severity of CP all revealed similar results to that of the overall analysis. Sensitivity analysis indicated the results were robust and no evidence of publication bias was found. Conclusions: Our meta-analysis suggests that DEFB1 rs11362 polymorphism may not have an important effect on the risk of CP. Further large-scale and well-designed studies are necessary to validate our conclusion in the future.

13.
Front Oncol ; 9: 121, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30881921

RESUMO

Background: About 75% of newly diagnosed bladder cancer cases suffer from non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), which used to recur and progress despite transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). This meta-analysis was conducted to examine if combined application of intravesical bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) with chemotherapy is associated with better prognosis. Methods: Systematic searches of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) concerning NMIBC were performed in PubMed, EMbase, CENTRAL, CNKI, WanFang, VIP, CBM databases, and some specialized websites. Two researchers independently implemented study selection, quality assessment and data extraction. Hazard ratios (HRs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for treatment effects on recurrence-free survival (RFS), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) were directly extracted, if available, or estimated using relevant data from included studies. Side effects, such as fever, gastrointestinal reaction, cystitis, irritative bladder symptoms and hematuria, were also extracted as outcome measurements, and associated relative risks (RRs) were calculated to assess treatment safety. RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform statistical analyses. Results: Thirteen RCTs containing 1,754 patients with NMIBC were included in this meta-analysis. Compared with BCG alone, the combination therapy significantly improved RFS (HR = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.43-0.66, P < 0.01), OS (HR = 0.66, 95%CI: 0.50-0.86, P = 0.002), and DSS (HR = 0.48, 95%CI: 0.29-0.80, P = 0.005). While PFS showed no obvious difference between combination therapy and BCG alone (HR = 0.65, 95%CI: 0.25-1.68, P = 0.38). The rate of fever (RR = 0.50, 95%CI: 0.27-0.91, P = 0.02), irritative bladder symptoms (RR = 0.69, 95%CI: 0.52-0.90, P = 0.007) and hematuria (RR = 0.50, 95%CI: 0.28-0.89, P = 0.02) were significantly decreased in patients treated with combination therapy compared to those with BCG alone. There were no statistically significant differences between combination therapy and BCG alone in toxicity (RR = 0.69, 95%CI: 0.34-1.40, P = 0.30), gastrointestinal reaction (RR = 2.54, 95%CI: 0.61-10.60, P = 0.20) or cystitis (RR = 0.67, 95%CI: 0.29-1.54, P = 0.34). Conclusions: Combined application of intravesical BCG and chemotherapy appears to be an effective treatment for patients with intermediate- to high-risk NMIBC, but not for those with tumor in situ alone or recurrent bladder cancer.

14.
Aging Male ; : 1-8, 2019 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30739562

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of clinical measurements on normal and abnormal fasting blood glucose (FBG) with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: From September 2016 to January 2018, 771 BPH patients were enrolled for further selection. The eligible patients were divided into normal FBG, impaired fasting glucose (IFG), and high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (HR-T2DM) groups. Then, relevant parameters were compared among these three groups using Pearson's correlation coefficient. RESULTS: Finally including 443 patients with normal FBG, 113 with IFG and 56 with HR-T2DM. Height, weight, body mass index, smoking status, hemoglobin, serum Na+, serum Cl-, and serum Ca2+ were significantly different between normal and abnormal FBG groups. In IFG/HR-T2DM group, obviously connections were demonstrated for weight with prostate volume (PV), for serum Na+, PV, and serum Cl- with total prostate-specific antigen (t-PSA), for FBG with international prostate symptom score (IPSS). In normal FBG group, significant correlations of age, weight, body mass index, hemoglobin, and serum Ca2+ with PV, of age, systolic blood pressure, PV, and serum Cl- with t-PSA; and of FBG, hemoglobin, and serum Na+ with IPSS were also observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that FBG level probably plays an important role in BPH.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(39): e11830, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30278482

RESUMO

To investigate the prognostic value of DHCR24 for patients with bladder cancer (BC). We used public bladder cancer microarray studies to evaluate the expression of DHCR24 between normal bladder tissues and BC cells, to investigate the relationship between the expression of DHCR24 and the clinical features of BC patients. Survival analysis was performed to investigate the correlation between DHCR24 expression and the survivals of BC patients. Gene set enrichment analysis was conducted to identify relevant mechanisms. The results showed that DHCR24 was up-regulated in BC cells compared with that in normal bladder tissues (P = .0389). Results of chi-square test suggested that BC patients in DHCR24 low expression group were proved to have better clinical characteristics (including tumor grade, disease progression, T staging, and N staging) as compared with those in DHCR24 low expression group (P < .0001, P = .002, P = .005, and P = .002, respectively). BC patients in DHCR24 low expression group were associated with better cancer-specific survival and overall survival (P < .0001 and P = .0008, respectively). DHCR24 might promote the proliferation of BC cells through several oncogenesis-associated biological processes (estrogen response, heme metabolism, P53 pathway, cholesterol homeostasis, mTORC1 signaling, peroxisome, xenobiotic metabolism, glycolysis, and protein secretion). Thus, DHCR24 might be a therapeutic target for patients with BC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Oxirredutases atuantes sobre Doadores de Grupo CH-CH/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
16.
Front Physiol ; 9: 1330, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30319442

RESUMO

Objective: To discover the correlation of clinical and physiological measures for benign prostatic hyperplasia in hypertensive and normotensive patients. Methods: From September 2016 to October 2017, 435 patients were enrolled for further selection. The parameters evaluated for eligible patients included prostate volume, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, international prostate symptom score, etc. Then the eligible patients were divided into two groups according to hypertension condition, and the clinical and physiological parameters were compared between two groups. The Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to test the linearity of the relationships of these clinical and physiological components with prostate volume, total prostate specific antigen, and international prostate symptom score. Results: Finally, 350 patients were involved in this study, including 117 with hypertension and 233 without hypertension. Weight, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure were significantly different between the hypertension and normotension groups. In the normotension group, there were positive correlations between weight, body mass index, age, and prostate volume; between fasting blood sugar, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and total prostate specific antigen; between fasting blood sugar and international prostate symptom score. In the hypertension group, there were positive correlations between age and total prostate specific antigen and international prostate symptom score; between weight and prostate volume; between systolic blood pressure and total prostate specific antigen. Conclusion: This study indicated that there might be no significant association between hypertension and prostate volume.

17.
Front Immunol ; 9: 2077, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30254644

RESUMO

Background: There is still a dispute over an issue of the clinical pathology and prognostic of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Here, we undertook this meta-analysis to survey the conceivable role of PD-L1 in HCC. Method: We searched databases like MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Google Scholar for relevant studies published in English up to February 13, 2018. We implemented the appraisal of the eligible studies according to the choice criterion. We used Hazard ratio (HR) and its 95% confidence interval (95% CI) to evaluate the prognostic role of PD-L1 for overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and recurrence-free survival (RFS). Odds ratio (OR) and the corresponding 95% CI were calculated to evaluate the connection between PD-L1 and clinicopathological features. Publication bias was tested. Results: 13 studies, which published range from 2009 to 2017 were contained in this meta-analysis, involving 1,843 patients with HCC. The results indicated that high PD-L1 could predict shorter OS (HR = 1.57, 95% CI: 1.09-2.27, P < 0.00001) as well as poorer DFS (HR = 2.07, 95% CI: 1.20-3.58, P = 0.009). Additionally, high PD-L1 expression was correlated to liver cirrhosis (OR = 1.66, 95% CI: 1.10-2.50, P = 0.02), poorer tumor Barcelona Clinical Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage (OR = 0.30, 95% CI: 0.10-0.88, P = 0.03) and portal vein invasion (OR = 1.96, 95% CI: 1.04-3.68, P = 0.04), but had no correlation with age, gender, tumor size, number of tumors, AFP, vascular invasion, HBVs-Ag, Anti-HCV, differentiation or TNM stage. Besides, no significant publication bias was found among these identified studies. Conclusion: The meta-analysis suggested that PD-L1 overexpression could foresee worse OS and DFS in HCC. Moreover, the PD-L1 expression has to bear on liver cirrhosis, portal vein invasion, and BCLC stage.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Proteínas de Neoplasias/imunologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/imunologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Front Physiol ; 9: 1014, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30116199

RESUMO

Objectives: TP53 is an important tumor suppressor gene to maintain genomic integrity, and its mutations increase the susceptibility to oral carcinoma. Previous published studies have reported the relation of TP53 codon 72 polymorphism with the risk of oral carcinoma, but the results remain controversial and inconclusive. Methods: We therefore utilized meta-analysis based on a comprehensive search in PubMed, EMBASE, and Google of Scholar databases up to August 19, 2017. Results: Total 3,525 cases and 3,712 controls from 21 case-control studies were selected. We found no significant association between TP53 codon 72 polymorphism and oral carcinoma susceptibility in all genetic contrast models, including subgroup analysis based on control source and ethnicity. Furthermore, TP53 codon 72 polymorphism was not significant associated with oral carcinoma susceptibility in tobacco or alcohol use, and HPV infection status. Our results were confirmed by sensitivity analysis and no publication bias was found. Conclusions: Taken together, our data indicate that TP53 codon 72 polymorphism is not associated with the susceptibility to oral carcinoma.

19.
Front Physiol ; 9: 979, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30083109

RESUMO

Objective: It has been reported that the periodontal disease is linked to a number of malignant tumors such as lung cancer and pancreatic cancer. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association of periodontal disease with risk of bladder cancer by a meta-analysis. Methods: PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched for eligible publications up to December 15, 2017. Cohort and nested case-control studies on the association between periodontal disease and risk of bladder cancer were included. After study selection and data extraction, pooled hazard ratios (HRs) and their 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) were calculated using a fixed-effect inverse-variance model. All analyses were performed using the RevMan 5.3 software. Results: Finally, five cohort studies were identified and included in this meta-analysis, involving 1,104 bladder cancer cases of 298,476 participants. Summary estimates based on adjusted data showed that periodontal disease was not significantly associated with the risk of bladder cancer (HR = 1.09, 95% CI = 0.95-1.25, I2 = 0%). A similar result was also observed after cumulative, subgroup and sensitivity analyses. Conclusions: Current evidence from cohort studies suggests that patients with periodontal disease may not be at an increased risk of developing bladder cancer.

20.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 61: 363-375, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29945024

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cytokine-induced killer cells (CIK) therapy is the most commonly used cellular immunotherapy. The CIK plus radiotherapy was clinically used in a wide range of treatment, but the efficacy of their combination against lung cancer is not clear yet. Therefore, we systematically evaluated all the related studies to reveal the combination's clinical efficacy and safety in lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected all the studies about CIK plus radiotherapy for lung cancer in Medline, Embase, Web of Science (ISI), China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journals Full-Text Database (VIP), Wanfang Database, China Biological Medicine Database (CBM) and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Chinese clinical trial registry (Chi-CTR), WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (WHO-ICTRP) and US-clinical trials (March 2017). We evaluated their bias risk according to the Cochrane evaluation handbook of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), extracted all the data, and synthesized the data using meta analysis. RESULTS: We included 16 RCTs involving 1197 patients with lung cancer, and most trials had unclear risk of bias. Meta-analysis showed that CIK therapy could increase the objective response rate (ORR) (1.32, 1.21 to 1.44), the disease control rate (DCR) (1.13, 1.04 to 1.23), the 1-year overall survival (OS) rate (1.38, 1.16 to 1.63) and the 2-year OS rate (1.23, 1.11 to 1.35). DCs-CIK cells increased the 3-year OS rate (1.66, 1.20 to 2.29). DCs-CIK therapy could increase the CD3+T cells (2.27, 1.47 to 3.06), CD4+T cells (1.28, 0.74 to 1.81), NK cells (2.04, 0.74 to 3.33) and CD4+/CD8+ T cells ratio (1.20, 0.64 to 1.76) and decrease the CD8+T cells (-0.84, -1.60 to -0.08). CIK plus radiotherapy had lower risk of leukopenia (0.85, 0.76 to 0.95) and higher risk of fever (5.50, 2.71 to 11.17) than that of radiotherapy alone. Subgroup analysis showed that CIK plus radiotherapy, mainly three dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) could increase the ORR, DCR, 1- and 2- year OS rate in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and only DCR in small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Compared with CIK plus pure radiotherapy, except for the ORR, DCR, 1-year OS rate, CIK plus chemoradiotherapy could still increase the 2-year OS rate. DCs-CIK could increase the ORR, DCR, 1- and 2-year OS rate, CIK cells could only increase the ORR and the 1-year OS rate. CONCLUSIONS: CIK plus radiotherapy can improve the clinical response, OS and PFS in lung cancer. It may have low risk of leukopenia and high risk of fever. CIK plus chemoradiotherapy, mainly 3D-CRT can improve the clinical response, OS and PFS in NSCLC. DCs-CIK cells can improve the 1-, 2- and 3-year OS rate, and the 1- and 2-year PFS rate, and CIK cells only improve the 1-year OS rate. DCs-CIK cells can repair the antitumor immunity.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Células Matadoras Induzidas por Citocinas/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Radioimunoterapia/métodos , Viés , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Terapia Combinada , Células Matadoras Induzidas por Citocinas/transplante , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Febre/etiologia , Humanos , Leucopenia/etiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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