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1.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2020: 7839064, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32148472

RESUMO

The increase in sophistication of neural network models in recent years has exponentially expanded memory consumption and computational cost, thereby hindering their applications on ASIC, FPGA, and other mobile devices. Therefore, compressing and accelerating the neural networks are necessary. In this study, we introduce a novel strategy to train low-bit networks with weights and activations quantized by several bits and address two corresponding fundamental issues. One is to approximate activations through low-bit discretization for decreasing network computational cost and dot-product memory. The other is to specify weight quantization and update mechanism for discrete weights to avoid gradient mismatch. With quantized low-bit weights and activations, the costly full-precision operation will be replaced by shift operation. We evaluate the proposed method on common datasets, and results show that this method can dramatically compress the neural network with slight accuracy loss.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 722: 137723, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208240

RESUMO

Dissimilatory Fe(III)-reducing bacteria (DIRBs) could reduce extracellular Fe(III) to Fe(II) via extracellular electron transfer (EET), playing an important role in biogeochemical cycling of Fe(III). Previous studies have noted the key role of multi-heme c-type cytochromes (MHCs) involved in EET by respiratory-type DIRBs, and proposed indirect electron transfer through the use of redox electron shuttles (e.g., flavins) or Fe(III)-chelation. However, knowledge about the EET of fermentative DIRBs was vitally scarce. Here, Anoxybacter fermentans DY22613T is a typical fermentative DIRB isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal sulfides, and it could utilize soluble Fe(III)-citrate and solid Fe(III)-bearing minerals as extracellular electron acceptors. Unlike respiratory-type DIRBs that utilize MHCs, this strain lacked MHCs to mediate EET. Besides, it did not adopt Fe(III)-chelation to mediate indirect EET. Nonetheless, genes encoding biosynthesis pathway of redox molecules (e.g., flavins) were found in its genome and their gene expression was up-regulated with Fe(III) reduction, suggesting redox molecules may mediate indirect EET by this strain. Subsequent physiological and biochemical tests further demonstrated endogenous riboflavin acted as main electron shuttles to mediate indirect EET by this strain, and menaquinone, indole played an assistant role in this process. Besides, this strain could employ exogenous humic acids to facilitate indirect EET. The mode of exogenous and endogenous redox molecules to co-mediate indirect EET by fermentative A. fermentans DY22613T, expands our knowledge about EET of fermentative DIRBs, and would contribute to better understand its ecological role in the biogeochemistry cycle of iron.

3.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32180363

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a chronic autoimmune disease with an unknown etiology. CD200 is associated with many autoimmune diseases, but little is known about its role in pSS. This study aims to correlate the expression of CD200 with pSS and evaluate its significance. METHODS: Plasma CD200, CD200R, and interleukin (IL)-17 levels were measured and analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Messenger RNA levels of CD200 and CD200R in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were quantified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Following pretreatment of CD200-Fc, the protein levels of IL-17A were measured in PBMCs from patients and healthy controls. RESULTS: Results showed that, compared to CD200 in healthy controls, the relative levels in PBMCs from pSS were greater than 2-fold. In addition, CD200 levels in plasma positively correlated with IL-17 levels, as well as between plasma CD200 and pSS activity indexes (including immunoglobulin G and European League Against Rheumatism SS Disease Activity Index). While CD200R levels were significantly decreased in pSS patients, no correlation could be found. Furthermore, the protein level of IL-17 decreased after pretreatment of CD200-Fc in PBMCs from pSS patients. CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that the CD200/CD200R pathway is involved in pSS pathogenesis. It is hypothesized that regulation of IL-17 expression affects Th17 differentiation. This newly discovered pathway could give rise to a novel targeted therapy for pSS.

4.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32123300

RESUMO

Herbal and dietary supplements (HDS)-induced liver injury has been a great concern all over the world. Polygonum multiflorum Thunb., a well-known Chinese herbal medicine, is recently drawn increasing attention because of its hepatotoxicity. According to the clinical and experimental studies, P. multiflorum-induced liver injury (PM-DILI) is considered to be immune-mediated idiosyncratic liver injury, but the role of immune response and the underlying mechanisms are not completely elucidated. Previous studies focused on the direct toxicity of PM-DILI by using animal models with intrinsic drug-induced liver injury (DILI). However, most epidemiological and clinical evidence demonstrate that PM-DILI is immune-mediated idiosyncratic liver injury. The aim of this review is to assess current epidemiological, clinical and experimental evidence about the possible role of innate and adaptive immunity in the idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity of P. multiflorum. The potential effects of factors associated with immune tolerance, including immune checkpoint molecules and regulatory immune cells on the individual's susceptibility to PM-DILI are also discussed. We conclude by giving our hypothesis of possible immune mechanisms of PM-DILI and providing suggestions for future studies on valuable biomarkers identification and proper immune models establishment.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039637

RESUMO

Purpose: To compare the relative clinical efficacy of preoperative computed tomography (CT)-guided methylene-blue (MB) and coil localization for lung nodules (LNs).Material and methods: Between January 2013 and December 2018, a total of 89 patients with LNs underwent CT-guided MB or coil localization and subsequent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)-guided wedge resection in our hospital. We compared the technical success of localization and wedge resection between two groups.Results: In MB group, 47 LNs in 39 patients were localized, with successful localization and wedge resection rates of 97.9% and 97.9%, respectively. In the coil group, 64 LNs in 50 patients were localized, with successful localization and wedge resection rates of 96.9% and 96.9%, respectively. There were no significant differences in technical success rates of localization and wedge resection between the two groups (p = 1.000 and 1.000). The coil group sustained a longer duration between localization and VATS relative to the MB group (14.4 h vs. 1.6 h, p = .001).Conclusion: Both MB and coil localization were safe and effective techniques to establish a high success rate of VATS-guided wedge resection for LNs. Relative to MB localization, coil localization might be compatible with a longer delay between localization and VATS.

6.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 175: 113863, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081791

RESUMO

NLRP3 inflammasome is an intracellular protein complex that initiates cellular injury via assembly of NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 in response to microbial infection and sterile stressors. The importance of NLRP3 inflammasome in immunity and human diseases has been well documented. Up to now, targeted inhibition of the assembly of NLRP3 inflammasome complex and of its activation was thought to be therapeutic strategy for associated diseases. Recent studies show that a host of molecules such as NIMA-related kinase 7 (Nek7) and DEAD-box helicase 3 X-linked (DDX3X) and a large number of biological mediators including cytokines, microRNAs, nitric oxide, carbon monoxide, nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) and cellular autophagy participate in the activation and inactivation of NLRP3 inflammasome. This review summarizes current understanding of the molecular basis of NLRP3 inflammasome activation and inactivation. This knowledge may lead to development of new therapies directed at NLRP3 inflammasome related diseases.

7.
Zygote ; : 1-8, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965957

RESUMO

Stem cells are an immortal cell population capable of self-renewal; they are essential for human development and ageing and are a major focus of research in regenerative medicine. Despite considerable progress in differentiation of stem cells in vitro, culture conditions require further optimization to maximize the potential for multicellular differentiation during expansion. The aim of this study was to develop a feeder-free, serum-free culture method for human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), to establish optimal conditions for hESC proliferation, and to determine the biological characteristics of the resulting hESCs. The H9 hESC line was cultured using a homemade serum-free, feeder-free culture system, and growth was observed. The expression of pluripotency proteins (OCT4, NANOG, SOX2, LIN28, SSEA-3, SSEA-4, TRA-1-60, and TRA-1-81) in hESCs was determined by immunofluorescence and western blotting. The mRNA expression levels of genes encoding nestin, brachyury and α-fetoprotein in differentiated H9 cells were determined by RT-PCR. The newly developed culture system resulted in classical hESC colonies that were round or elliptical in shape, with clear and neat boundaries. The expression of pluripotency proteins was increased, and the genes encoding nestin, brachyury, and α-fetoprotein were expressed in H9 cells, suggesting that the cells maintained in vitro differentiation capacity. Our culture system containing a unique set of components, with animal-derived substances, maintained the self-renewal potential and pluripotency of H9 cells for eight passages. Further optimization of this system may expand the clinical application of hESCs.

8.
Biosci Rep ; 40(1)2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894847

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is recently the main risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). Plasma lipid levels are conventionally used to predict coronary risk, but the correlation between TMAO and plasma lipid levels in unstable angina pectoris (UAP) was unclear. Our objective was to compare the plasma level of TMAO to lipoprotein ratios and conventional lipid parameters in UAP patients. METHODS: A total of 114 control participants and 184 UAP patients were enrolled. Demographic characteristics were collected. Plasma levels of TMAO and lipid in all patients were measured and analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic analysis (ROC), univariate, and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to examine the relationship between TMAO, lipoprotein ratios, conventional lipid parameters, and UAP. RESULTS: The plasma levels of TMAO were remarkably increased in UAP patients (3.28 ± 1.97 µM) compared with control participants (1.52 ± 0.59 µM, P < 0.01). TMAO was significantly correlated with lipid levels in UAP patients. The ROC, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis both showed that the TMAO significantly increased the risk for occurrence of UAP. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that the TMAO is superior to lipoprotein ratios and conventional lipid parameters in predicting occurrence of UAP.

9.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e919606, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31941880

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Carotid atherosclerosis (CA) is a common disease in middle-aged and elderly people, which is closely related to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. In this study, we investigated the benefits of the electrocardiogram (ECG)-based R wave pulse wave index (ERWVI) for the diagnosis of CA. MATERIAL AND METHODS According to CA examinations by color Doppler ultrasound, patients were assigned to positive and negative groups. The ECG R wave-Pulse wave transit time (ERWPTT) was obtained by synchronously collecting ECG signals (R wave in ECG) and the time variations in maximum finger pulse oxygen (DOP) on the ECG monitor. RESULTS ERPWI was positively correlated with sex, age, BMI, diastolic/systolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, uric acid, cholesterol and triglyceride levels, LDL-cholesterol, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), creatinine, and homocysteine, and was negatively correlated with HDL-cholesterol (P<0.05). With the increase of ERPWI, the incidence of CA significantly increased to various degrees among the subgroups (P<0.05). The binary logistic regression model showed that ERPWI was an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis. The ROC curve showed that when ERPWI was above 0.505, the incidence of CA increased significantly. CONCLUSIONS There is a close relationship between ERPWI and CA. ERPWI is an independent risk factor for CA. ERPWI ≥0.505 can be used as a diagnostic threshold for CA and a reference index for the diagnosis of CA.

10.
ACS Nano ; 14(1): 927-936, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927974

RESUMO

Image-guided surgery plays a crucial role in realizing complete tumor removal, reducing postoperative recurrence and increasing patient survival. However, imaging of tumor lesion in the typical metabolic organs, e.g., kidney and liver, still has great challenges due to the intrinsic nonspecific accumulation of imaging probes in those organs. Herein, we report an in situ self-assembled near-infrared (NIR) peptide probe with tumor-specific excretion-retarded (TER) effect in tumor lesions, enabling high-performance imaging of human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and achieving complete tumor removal, ultimately reducing postoperative recurrence. The NIR peptide probe first specifically recognizes αvß3 integrin overexpressed in renal cancer cells, then is cleaved by MMP-2/9, which is up-regulated in the tumor microenvironment. The probe residue spontaneously self-assembles into nanofibers that exhibit an excretion-retarded effect in the kidney, which contributes to a high signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio in orthotopic RCC mice. Intriguingly, the TER effect also enables precisely identifying eye-invisible tiny lesions (<1 mm), which contributes to complete tumor removal and significantly reduces the postoperative recurrence compared with traditional surgery. Finally, the TER strategy is successfully employed in high-performance identification of human RCC in an ex vivo kidney perfusion model. Taken together, this NIR peptide probe based on the TER strategy is a promising method for detecting tumors in metabolic organs in diverse biomedical applications.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(1)2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935923

RESUMO

The hyperthermo-piezophilic archaeon Palaeococcus pacificus DY20341T, isolated from East Pacific hydrothermal sediments, can utilize elemental sulfur as a terminal acceptor to simulate growth. To gain insight into sulfur metabolism, we performed a genomic and transcriptional analysis of Pa. pacificus DY20341T with/without elemental sulfur as an electron acceptor. In the 2001 protein-coding sequences of the genome, transcriptomic analysis showed that 108 genes increased (by up to 75.1 fold) and 336 genes decreased (by up to 13.9 fold) in the presence of elemental sulfur. Palaeococcus pacificus cultured with elemental sulfur promoted the following: the induction of membrane-bound hydrogenase (MBX), NADH:polysulfide oxidoreductase (NPSOR), NAD(P)H sulfur oxidoreductase (Nsr), sulfide dehydrogenase (SuDH), connected to the sulfur-reducing process, the upregulation of iron and nickel/cobalt transfer, iron-sulfur cluster-carrying proteins (NBP35), and some iron-sulfur cluster-containing proteins (SipA, SAM, CobQ, etc.). The accumulation of metal ions might further impact on regulators, e.g., SurR and TrmB. For growth in proteinous media without elemental sulfur, cells promoted flagelin, peptide/amino acids transporters, and maltose/sugar transporters to upregulate protein and starch/sugar utilization processes and riboflavin and thiamin biosynthesis. This indicates how strain DY20341T can adapt to different living conditions with/without elemental sulfur in the hydrothermal fields.

12.
J Proteomics ; 214: 103633, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911195

RESUMO

Nicotine, a major addictive component in tobacco, plays an important role in the changes of body weight upon smoking and its cessation. Here we showed that nicotine-treated mice exhibited weight loss and nicotine withdrawal led to weight gain. Using TMT-based proteomic analysis, we obtained the different hypothalamic protein profiles in response to nicotine and its withdrawal. A total of ~5000 proteins were identified from the hypothalamus with 50 altered proteins upon 28-day nicotine treatment and 28 altered proteins upon 15-day nicotine withdrawal. Of the altered proteins, CASP3, LCMT2, GRIN2D, CCNT2, FADS3 and MRPS18B were inversely changed in response to nicotine and withdrawal, coincidence with the change of body weight. Of them, CASP3, LCMT2, GRIN2D and CCNT2 were found to be associated with several GO terms and KEGG pathways linking with cell apoptosis, neurotransmission and metabolism. Further Western blot and RT-qPCR analyses confirmed that the levels of the 4 proteins CASP3, LCMT2, GRIN2D and CCNT2, instead of their mRNA transcripts, altered in response to nicotine and withdrawal. Thus this study provides nicotine- and withdrawal-induced hypothalamic protein profiles and suggests potential roles of these altered proteins in the change of body weight. SIGNIFICANCE: Cigarette smoking is one of important factors harming human health. Most smokers tend to have lower body weights and smoking cessation often lead to overweight or obesity, which is an important reason for smokers to insist on smoking. It is known that nicotine, a critical component in tobacco, is associated with the alteration in body weight by affecting hypothalamic function. Through TMT-based proteomic analysis, this study identified differential hypothalamic protein profiles in response to nicotine treatment and its withdrawal, and 4 nicotine- and withdrawal-induced contrary proteins CASP3, LCMT2, GRIN2D and CCNT2 are involved in several enriched GO terms and KEGG pathways, which are associated with cell apoptosis, neurotransmission and metabolism. Our study may provide novel targets for further investigation of the molecular mechanisms of nicotine- and withdrawal-induced alteration in body weight.

13.
World J Pediatr ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hearing impairment is one of the most common birth defects in children. Universal newborn hearing screenings have been performed for 19 years in Guangdong province, China. A screening/diagnosis/intervention system has gradually been put in place. Over the past 10 years, a relatively complete data management system had been established. In the present study, an etiological analysis of newborn cases that failed the initial and follow-up screenings was performed. METHODS: The nature and degree of hearing impairment in newborns were confirmed by a set of procedures performed at the time of initial hearing screening, rescreening and final hearing diagnosis. Then, multiple examinations were performed to explore the associated etiology. RESULTS: Over a period of 10 years, 720 children were diagnosed with newborn hearing loss. Among these children, 445 (61.81%) children had a clearly identified cause, which included genetic factor(s) (30.56%), secretory otitis media (13.30%), maternal rubella virus infection during pregnancy (5.83%), inner ear malformations (4.86%), maternal human cytomegalovirus infection during pregnancy (2.92%), malformation of the middle ear ossicular chain (2.50%) and auditory neuropathy (1.81%). In addition, 275 cases of sensorineural hearing loss of unknown etiology accounted for 38.19% of the children surveyed. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term follow-up is needed to detect delayed hearing impairment and auditory development in children. The need for long-term follow-up should be taken into account when designing an intervention strategy. Furthermore, the use of the deafness gene chip should further elucidate the etiology of neonatal hearing impairment.

14.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(4): 2756-2769, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693255

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) and prostate cancer (PC) are the second most common malignant tumors in women and men in western countries, respectively. The risks of death are 14% for BC and 9% for PC. Abnormal estrogen and androgen levels are related to carcinogenesis of the breast and prostate. Estradiol stimulates cancer development in BC. The effect of estrogen on PC is concentration-dependent, and estrogen can regulate androgen production, further affecting PC. Estrogen can also increase the risk of androgen-induced PC. Androgen has dual effects on BC via different metabolic pathways, and the role of the androgen receptor (AR) in BC also depends on cell subtype and downstream target genes. Androgen and AR can stimulate both primary PC and castration-resistant PC. Understanding the mechanisms of the effects of estrogen and androgen on BC and PC may help us to improve curative BC and PC treatment strategies.

15.
Curr Pharm Biotechnol ; 21(1): 79-88, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Large-scale population studies showed that the SNP rs1764391 of Connexin37 gene also known as Cx37 gene may play a pivotal role in the occurrence and development of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Published results, however, are highly controversial. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association between SNP rs1764391 of Cx37 and diseasesusceptibility, several risk factors, and gene-environment interactions of AMI in Guangxi Han Chinese population. METHODS: In this study, 344 healthy controls and 344 AMI patients of Han Chinese population were enrolled. The TaqMan assay was implemented to identify genotypes of Cx37 and allele frequencies of SNP rs1764391 in both the AMI and control groups. RESULTS: Significant differences were detected in TT genotype frequencies of SNP rs1764391 between the AMI and control groups (P < 0.05). In the context of gender stratification, the result was also statistically different in women (P < 0.05). Each variable such as age, BMI, diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking and TC was a risk factor and correlated significantly (P < 0.05) with the development of AMI. HDL-C correlated negatively with the risk of AMI (P < 0.001). BMI, smoking or alcohol consumed interacts significantly (P < 0.017) with the presence of the SNP rs1764391 CC genotype. CONCLUSION: Evidences were presented that Cx37 rs1764391 variation may contribute to the risk for AMI, especially in women and this genetic variant may prove to be a potential biomarker for AMI risk stratification and may prove to be a useful target for therapeutic intervention to further improve prognosis in high-risk patients.

16.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 35(2): 343-352, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common complication of idiopathic chronic pancreatitis (ICP), which impairs the quality of life for patients. This study aimed to identify risk factors and develop nomogram for DM in ICP to help early diagnosis. METHODS: Idiopathic chronic pancreatitis patients admitted to our center from January 2000 to December 2013 were included. Cumulative rates of DM were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Patients were randomly assigned, in a 2:1 ratio, to the training and validation cohort. Based on training cohort, risk factors for DM were identified through Cox proportional hazards regression model, and nomogram was developed. Internal and external validations were performed based on the training and validation cohort, respectively. RESULTS: Totally, 1633 patients with ICP were finally enrolled. The median follow-up duration was 9.8 years. DM was found in 26.3% (430/1633) of patients after the onset of CP. Adult at onset of ICP, biliary stricture at/before diagnosis of CP, steatorrhea at/before diagnosis of CP, and complex pathologic changes in main pancreatic duct were identified risk factors for DM development. The nomogram achieved good concordance indexes in the training and validation cohorts, respectively, with well-fitted calibration curves. CONCLUSIONS: Risk factors were identified, and nomogram was developed to determine the risk of DM in ICP patients. Patients with one or more of the risk factors including adult at onset of ICP, biliary stricture at/before diagnosis of CP, steatorrhea at/before diagnosis of CP, and complex pathologic changes in main pancreatic duct have higher incidence of DM.

17.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 41(2): 229-236, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31431733

RESUMO

In chronic infectious diseases caused by gram-negative bacteria, such as osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, and periodontitis, osteoclastic activity is enhanced with elevated inflammation, which disturbs the bone homeostasis and results in osteolysis. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), as a bacteria product, plays an important role in this process. Recent evidence shows that an antimalarial drug artesunate attenuates LPS-induced osteolysis independent of RANKL. In this study we evaluated the effects of artesunate on LPS-induced osteoclastogenesis in vitro and femur osteolysis in vivo, and explored the mechanisms underlying the effects of artesunate on LPS-induced osteoclast differentiation independent of RANKL. In preosteoclastic RAW264.7 cells, we found that artesunate (1.56-12.5 µM) dose dependently inhibited LPS-induced osteoclast formation accompanied by suppressing LPS-stimulated osteoclast-related gene expression (Fra-2, TRAP, Cathepsin K, ß3-integrin, DC-STAMP, and Atp6v0d2). We showed that artesunate (3.125-12.5 µM) inhibited LPS-stimulated nuclear factor of activated T cells c1 (NFATc1) but not NF-κB transcriptional activity; artesunate (6.25, 12.5 µM) significantly inhibited LPS-stimulated NFATc1 protein expression. Furthermore, artesunate treatment markedly suppressed LPS-induced Ca2+ influx, and decreased the expression of PP2B-Aα (calcineurin) and pPLCγ1 in the cells. In addition, artesunate treatment significantly decreased the expression of upstream signals TLR4 and TRAF6 during LPS-induced osteoclastogenesis. Administration of artesunate (10 mg/kg, ip) for 8 days effectively inhibited serum TNF-α levels and ameliorated LPS (5 mg/kg, ip)-induced inflammatory bone loss in vivo. Taken together, artesunate attenuates LPS-induced inflammatory osteoclastogenesis by inhibiting the expression of TLR4/TRAF6 and the downstream PLCγ1-Ca2+-NFATc1 signaling pathway. Artesunate is a valuable choice to treat bone loss induced by gram-negative bacteria infection or inflammation in RANKL-independent pathway.

18.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 49-62, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571264

RESUMO

Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is characterized by atherosclerotic plaque rupture with a high incidence of recurrent ischemic events. Several microRNAs are found to be aberrantly expressed in atherosclerotic plaques. This study aims to investigate the effects of microRNA-9 (miR-9) on vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque and vascular remodeling in ACS and underlying mechanisms. Microarray-based gene expression profiling was used to identify differentially expressed genes related to ACS and regulatory miRNAs. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (lectin-like) receptor 1 (OLR1) was identified to be aberrantly activated in ACS and regulated by miR-9. OLR1 was verified as a target gene of miR-9 by bioinformatics prediction and dual luciferase reporter gene assay. The atherosclerotic models were induced in ApoE-/- mice, in which the agomir or antagomir of miR-9, or small interfering RNA (siRNA) against OLR1 were separately introduced. Serum lipid levels and expression of vascular remodeling and inflammatory response-related factors were determined, respectively. On the basis of the obtained results, in the atherosclerosis mice treated with the agomir of miR-9 and siRNA against OLR1, the p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) pathway was inhibited; levels of triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, and vascular endothelial growth factor were reduced, but the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level was increased, along with decreased vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque area and enhanced vascular remodeling. Taken together, these findings suggested an inhibitory role miR-9 acts in the formation of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques in ACS mice, along with a promoted vascular remodeling, via a negative feedback regulation of OLR1-mediated p38MAPK pathway.

19.
BMC Pulm Med ; 19(1): 239, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone mineral density (BMD) has been positively associated with lung function in patients diagnosed with respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cystic fibrosis. However, the relationship between BMD and lung function is inconsistent in the general population. METHODS: To investigate the association between BMD and lung function in a Chinese general population, a total of 1024 adults aged 40-70 years old from Qiliying (an industrial polluted exposure area) and Langgongmiao (the reference area with non-industrial pollution) were recruited and underwent BMD and spirometry tests. RESULTS: Both BMD and lung function levels were lower in the exposed area compared to the reference area. In addition, BMD and lung function levels were also lower in females compared to males. Both Spearman and partial correlation analyses showed that BMD was positively correlated with FVC and FEV1. After adjusting linear regression analyses for potential confounding factors, every 0.1 g/cm2 drop in BMD was associated with 53.0 mL decrease in FVC and 33.5 mL decrease in FEV1. CONCLUSIONS: A reduction of BMD is associated with lower lung function in a general population from China.

20.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815549

RESUMO

Two new lignans, noreucol A (1) and (+)-epicycloolivil (2), along with seven known compounds (3-9) were isolated from the aqueous extract of Eucommia ulmoides Oliver. Compound 1 was a new norlignan and 2 was an epimer at C-7 of (+)-cycloolivil (3). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, and the absolute configurations of new compounds were determined by conformational analysis and DFT theoretic electronic circular dichroism spectra calculations. In addition, the neuroprotective activity of compounds 1-3 against glutamate-induced HT-22 cells injury were evaluated, and only compound 1 exhibited moderate effect at the concentrations ranging from 10 ∼ 50 µM.

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