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1.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 138, 2021 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33964976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies suggested that thrombotic and obstetric antiphospholipid syndromes could be independent identities, but few have systematically compared their clinical characteristics and prognosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify key differences between thrombotic APS (tAPS) and obstetric APS (oAPS). METHODS: This single-center, prospective study included consecutive patients with primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) receiving treatment at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital during a period from 2013 to 2020. RESULTS: Screening of the database yielded a total of 244 women with positive antiphospholipid antibody (aPL). Among the 105 women with primary APS, 39 (37.14%) had isolated tAPS (ItAPS), 44 (41.90%) had isolated oAPS (IoAPS), and 9 (8.57%) had both tAPS and tAPS+oAPS. In comparison to those with IoAPS, patients with ItAPS had older age (41.92 ± 11.97 vs. 33.16 ± 4.22 years, P < 0.01), higher rate of cardiovascular risk (at least one positive of coronary heart disease, hypertension, obesity, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia) (41.03% vs. 6.82%, P < 0.01), and higher frequency of thrombocytopenia (43.59% vs. 20.45%, P < 0.05). Antibody profiles were generally similar among the groups, but isolated anti-ß2GPI positivity was more common in patients with IoAPS (52.27% vs. 17.94% for ItAPS, P = 0.01). Triple aPL positivity was more common in patients with both tAPS and oAPS (66.67% vs. 46.15% for ItAPS vs. 25% for IoAPS, P = 0.022). Blood homocysteine was higher in patients with ItAPS (11.20 vs. 9.90 µmol/L for IoAPS, P < 0.05), but there were no differences in inflammatory markers or complements. Recurrence rate of thrombosis was higher in patients with ItAPS (33.33% vs. 2.27% for IoAPS, P ≤ 0.001) with a mean follow-up of 61 months. CONCLUSION: Despite generally similar antibody and biochemical profiles, patients with ItAPS had much higher risk of recurrent thrombosis than IoAPS, supporting distinct mechanisms of pathogenesis.

2.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938794

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to describe the clinical features of patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axial SpA) in the ChinaSpA registry. METHODS: Patients with clinical diagnosis of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) or axial SpA were enrolled into the registry. Patients with a complete set of pelvis radiograph, pelvis MRI and HLA-B27 (Complete Set group, CS group) were further categorised based on classification criteria into AS, radiographic axial SpA (r-axSpA) and non-radiographic axial SpA (nr-axSpA). Early axial SpA was defined as symptom duration of less than three years. Descriptive statistics were used to describe clinical characteristics of enrolled patients. ANOVA analyses were used to compare patients in different groups. RESULTS: A total of 5270 patients were enrolled in the study, and 3223 patients had complete sets of pelvis radiographs, MRIs and HLA-B27 status. Among them, more than 80% patients met both the ASAS criteria for r-axSpA and the modified New York criteria for AS. Among those with early axial SpA, 92% of patients had sacroiliitis on pelvis radiograph, 3.8% had sacroiliitis only on pelvis MRI, and 3.8% were in the clinical arm without any sacroiliitis on imaging studies. Patients in nr-axSpA clinical arm had less diagnosis delay, lower inflammatory markers and ASDAS, compared topatients in the r-axSpA, nr-axSpA MRI arm. CONCLUSIONS: In the ChinaSpA registry, patients in nr-axSpA clinical arm had the shortest diagnostic delay, lower inflammatory markers and ASDAS, but no difference in extra-articular manifestation, compared to patients in the r-axSpA and nr-axSpA MRI arm.

3.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 16(1): 152, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789679

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) involvement is extremely rare in eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), but is associated with a poor prognosis in the five-factor score. This study aims to elucidate the clinical features and independently associated factors of EGPA with CNS involvement. RESULTS: CNS involvement was observed in 17.3% (19/110) of EGPA patients from Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 2007 and 2019. We retrospectively reviewed their clinical data and analyzed the independently associated factors. Their mean age was 51.7 ± 11.56 years with no male/female predominance. Ischemic lesions were the most common manifestations, accounting for 63.2% of the 19 cases, followed by posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (36.8%), spinal cord involvement (15.8%), medulla oblongata involvement (15.8%), and intracranial hemorrhages (15.8%). Compared to the control group, patients with CNS involvement were of older age (51.7 ± 11.56 vs. 43.7 ± 13.78 years, p = 0.019) and had a higher ratio in the digestive tract involvement (52.6% vs. 28.6%, p = 0.042). Further multivariate analysis revealed that age, disease duration, and fever were the potential independent risk factors for CNS involvement of EGPA. Glucocorticoids combined with cyclophosphamide were the strategic therapy (94.7%). Intrathecal injections of dexamethasone and methotrexate were administered to 21.1% of the patients. Although seven patients relapsed during glucocorticoid reduction, seventeen patients finally achieved clinical remission. One patient died of acute intracerebral hemorrhage within one month, and another died of gastrointestinal perforation. Outcomes and cumulative survival show no significant differences between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: CNS involvement is uncommon in EGPA with various manifestations, and ischemic lesions are the most frequent. Age, disease duration, and fever are independent factors associated with CNS involvement in EGPA. The therapy of glucocorticoids combined with cyclophosphamide and intrathecal injections yields favorable responses. Acute intracranial hemorrhage and gastrointestinal perforation may be the principal causes of death.

4.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 122, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882993

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The esophagus involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc) is very common yet underestimated due to the lack of suitable screening tools. This study aims to explore the usefulness of ultrasound (US) in the assessment of esophagus involvement and to identify its relationship with clinical and CT manifestations. METHODS: We performed transabdominal esophageal US in 38 SSc patients and 38 controls. US parameters including the abdominal esophagus length, esophagus wall thickness, shear-wave elastography, gastro-esophageal (His) angle, and reflux were compared. Relationships between distinguishable US parameters and clinical/CT parameters, such as gastro-esophageal reflux disease questionnaire (GERDQ), modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS), interstitial lung disease (ILD) score, the largest esophagus diameter (Dmax), and esophagus dilation percentage (%Eop), were evaluated. RESULTS: Abdominal esophagus length was shorter in the SSc group than the control group (2.69 cm vs 3.06 cm, P = 0.018), whereas His angle and the angle change before and after drinking water were larger in the SSc group than the control group (121° vs 108°, P < 0.001; 7.97° vs 2.92°, P = 0.025). Reflux was more frequently seen in the SSc group than the control group (7/38 vs 0/38; P = 0.017). As for correlation with clinical and CT parameters, His angle was higher in patients with GERDQ ≥ 8 than GERDQ < 8 (116.5° vs 125.6°, P = 0.035). Patients with reflux showed higher ILD score than patients without (15.8 vs 9.6, P = 0.043). Furthermore, abdominal esophagus length was negatively correlated with %Eop and Dmax (r = - 0.573, P < 0.001; r = - 0.476, P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: US parameters of the esophagus can distinguish SSc patients from controls, as well as have correlations with clinical and CT characteristics. Our pilot study first shows that US can be used as a noninvasive and convenient method to evaluate the esophagus involvement in SSc.

5.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 102, 2021 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly recognized systemic, immune-mediated, and fibro-inflammatory disease. Hypocomplementemia was found in part of IgG4-RD patients especially in the setting of active disease. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to clarify the clinical features, treatment efficacy, and outcome in IgG4-RD patients with hypocomplementemia. METHODS: 312 IgG4-RD patients were recruited in our prospective cohort conducted in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Patients were divided into hypocomplementemia group and normal complement group according to serum C3 and C4 levels measured at baseline before treatment. Low serum C3 levels (< 0.73 g/L) and/or C4 levels (< 0.10 g/L) were defined as hypocomplementemia. Demographic data, clinical characteristics, laboratory parameters, treatment, and outcome of two groups were analyzed and compared. RESULTS: Hypocomplementemia was identified in 65 (20.8%) cases of untreated IgG4-RD patients at baseline. The average age of hypocomplementemia group was 55.85 ± 10.89 years, with male predominance (72.3%). Compared with normal complement group, patients with hypocomplementemia were likely to have more involved organs, higher IgG4-RD responder index (IgG4-RD RI), and higher laboratory parameters such as counts of eosinophils, inflammatory markers, immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgG1, IgG3, IgG4, and IgE. In addition, lymph nodes, lacrimal gland, submandibular gland, parotid gland, paranasal sinus, bile ducts, and prostate gland were more commonly affected (p < 0.05). Serum C3 and C4 showed a significant positively correlation with each other. Both C3 and C4 were negatively correlated with the number of involved organs, IgG, IgG3, IgG4, and IgG4-RD RI, as well as positively correlated with IgA and hypersensitive C reactive protein (hsCRP). 64 (98.5%) patients responded quickly to initial therapy at a 3-month follow-up. Fifteen (23.1%) patients relapsed during follow-up with mean recurrence time of 14.2 ± 13.8 months. Compared with normal complement group, there was no significant difference of relapse rate in two groups (P = 0.401). CONCLUSIONS: Clinical characteristics of IgG4-related disease with hypocomplementemia differ from normal complement group. Serum C3 and C4 at baseline before treatment could be biological markers for disease activity. IgG4-RD with hypocomplementemia responded well to treatment and had no significant difference of relapse rate in IgG4-RD with normal complement.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33930105

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and its two ligands PD-L1 and PD-L2 in the pathogenesis of IgG4-RD. METHODS: Patients with IgG4-RD (n = 43) as well as healthy controls (n = 34) were recruited. Expression levels of PD-1, PD-L1 and PD-L2 in plasma, submandibular gland and T cell subsets were determined by ELISA, immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. Naive T cells were stimulated with or without PD-L1/PD-L2 or anti-PD-L1/anti-PD-L2 for 7 days and the proportion of CD4+CD25+Treg cells was detected by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The expression of PD-1, PD-L1 and PD-L2 in the plasma, submandibular gland and on the surface of Treg cells were increased in IgG4-RD patients. Plasma sPD-1 was positively correlated with serum IgG, IgG1, IgG3, IgG4, IgG4-RD RI and numbers of organs involved, and negatively correlated with serum IgM, IgA, C3 and C4. Plasma sPD-L2 was positively correlated with serum IgG1, plasma sPD-L1 was positively correlated with sPD-L2 and negatively correlated with C3. Stimulation of PD-L1 but not PD-L2 promoted the differentiation of naive T cells from IgG4-RD patients into CD4+CD25+Treg cells. CONCLUSION: Plasma concentration of sPD-1, sPD-L1 and sPD-L2 were significantly increased in patients with IgG4-RD, and the expression of PD-1 and PD-L2 on Treg cells were upregulated. PD-1/PD-L1 can promote the differentiation of naive T cells into Treg cells and thus participate in the pathogenesis of IgG4-RD.

7.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 127, 2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33894786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at increased risk of fractures. Although their decline in bone mineral density (BMD) is well-established, data regarding the alterations in bone microarchitecture are limited. In this study, we aimed to evaluate bone microarchitecture, geometry, and volumetric BMD among patients with RA in mainland China using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HRpQCT). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, patients with RA were recruited from the Peking Union Medical College Hospital site of the Chinese Registry of rhEumatoiD arthrITis (CREDIT). Each participant underwent HRpQCT scanning (Scanco XtremeCT II), thoracolumbar X-ray and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The primary outcomes were HRpQCT-related measures at distal radius and tibia. Data regarding demographic features, RA-related characteristics, and history of fragility fractures were collected. Correlation between HRpQCT parameters and potentially related factors were analyzed using linear regression analysis. A group of age- and sex-matched healthy controls was included for comparison. RESULTS: A total of 81 patients with RA [69 women, aged 57.9 ± 8.7 years, disease duration 5.7 (IQR 1.4-11.2) years] and 81 matched healthy controls were included. Compared with controls, patients with RA had significantly larger bone area and lower total and trabecular vBMD at both the distal radius and tibia. Lower cortical bone thickness was also shown at the distal tibia. Among patients with RA, advanced age, low BMI, female sex, disease duration, and activity were associated with decreased vBMD and impaired bone microstructure. Female reproductive factors including menopause, late menarche, breast feeding, and early childbirth also showed negative correlation with these parameters. Compared to patients with RA without fractures, patients with fragility fractures (n = 11) showed lower trabecular and cortical vBMD, thinner cortical bone, impaired trabecular microstructure, and a trend of declined bone strength. Current glucocorticoid intake was related to decreased vBMD, trabecular number, increased trabecular separation, and inhomogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we observed alterations in bone mineral density, geometry, and microarchitecture among patients with RA compared to healthy individuals, which may impair bone strength and lead to increased risk of fractures. Both traditional risk factors for osteoporosis and RA-associated factors need to be considered in the assessment of the bone quality.

8.
Front Immunol ; 12: 580271, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33717064

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to describe the main characteristics of Chinese patients with cryoglobulinemia, especially the characteristics of patients with different causes of cryoglobulinemia. Methods: Eighty inpatients diagnosed with cryoglobulinemia from different wards in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were included in this study. Demographic, clinical, biological, and renal pathological data were collected. We analyzed the characteristics of 61 patients with different causes of cryoglobulinemia. Results: Most patients (36/80, 45%) were diagnosed between 40 and 60 years of age. The male: female ratio was 1:1.5. Mixed (II + III) cryoglobulinemia accounted for the majority (43.8%) of cases. Renal involvement (87.5%), cutaneous involvement (57.5%), and fever (27.5%) were the most common clinical manifestations, while other manifestations included serositis and pulmonary and gastrointestinal involvement. The most common renal histopathological pattern was membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (25/42, 59.5%). The secondary causes of cryoglobulinemia included infectious diseases (26/61, 32.5%), such as hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections, and connective tissue diseases (22/61, 27.5%), such as lupus and hematologic tumors (13/61, 16.3%). Patients with hematologic tumors were diagnosed at an older age (P = 0.044) and mostly had type I cryoglobulinemia (P < 0.001). No significant difference in clinical or biological manifestations was found among patients with different causes of cryoglobulinemia. Conclusions: This is the largest cohort of Chinese patients with cryoglobulinemia. We found that renal involvement and HBV infection might be more common in Chinese patients with cryoglobulinemia.

9.
Front Immunol ; 12: 637659, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33767707

RESUMO

Objectives: To identify the importance of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) pathway using B cell high-throughput sequencing and to explore the participation of the TLR7 signaling pathway in primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS)-associated thrombocytopenia in patient and mouse models. Methods: High-throughput gene sequencing and bioinformatic analyses were performed for 9 patients: 3 patients with pSS and normal platelet counts, 3 patients with pSS-associated thrombocytopenia, and 3 healthy controls. Twenty-four patients with pSS were recruited for validation. Twenty-four non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice were divided into the TLR7 pathway inhibition (CA-4948), activation (Resiquimod), and control groups. Serum, peripheral blood, bone marrow, and submandibular glands were collected for thrombocytopenia and TLR7 pathway analysis. Results: Seven hub genes enriched in the TLR pathway were identified. Compared to that in control patients, the expression of interleukin (IL)-8 and TLR7 pathway molecules in B-cells was higher in patients with pSS-associated thrombocytopenia. Platelet counts exhibited a negative correlation with serum IL-1ß and IL-8 levels. In NOD mice, CA-4948/Resiquimod treatment induced the downregulation/upregulation of the TLR7 pathway, leading to consistent elevation/reduction of platelet counts. Megakaryocyte counts in the bone marrow showed an increasing trend in the Resiquimod group, with more naked nuclei. The levels of IL-1ß and IL-8 in the serum and submandibular gland tissue increased in the Resiquimod group compared with that in CA-4948 and control groups. Conclusion: pSS-associated thrombocytopenia may be a subset of the systemic inflammatory state as the TLR7 signaling pathway was upregulated in B cells of patients with pSS-associated thrombocytopenia, and activation of the TLR7 pathway led to a thrombocytopenia phenotype in NOD mice.

10.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 166: 348-357, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705958

RESUMO

Sepsis rapidly contributed to multiorgan failure affecting most commonly of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems and yet there were no effective therapies. The current study aimed at providing evidence on the cardioprotection of suppression of 5-Lipoxygenase (5-Lox) and identifying the possible mechanism in the mouse model of sepsis. The cecal ligation-perforation (CLP) model was applied to C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) and 5-Lox deficient (5-Lox-/-) mice to induce sepsis. 5-Lox expression was up-regulated in mouse myocardium and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) level was increased in serum after sepsis. Subsequently, we utilized a recombinant adenoviral expression vector (rAAV9) to overexpress Alox5 gene in adult mice. Compared to WT mice, 5-Lox overexpression accelerated CLP-induced myocardial injury and cardiac dysfunction. Oppositely, 5-Lox deficiency offered protection against myocardial injury in a mouse model of sepsis and attenuated sepsis-mediated inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis in the mouse heart. Mechanically, 5-Lox promoted LTB4 production, which in turn contributed to the activation of leukotriene B4 receptor 1 (BLT1)/interleukin-12p35 (IL-12p35) pathway and enhanced M1 macrophage polarization. However, the suppression of BLT1 by either gene mutation or antagonist U75302 significantly inhibited the adverse effect of 5-Lox in sepsis. Further study demonstrated that pharmacological inhibition of 5-Lox prevented CLP-induced septic cardiomyopathy (SCM). Our study identified 5-Lox exacerbated sepsis-associated myocardial injury through activation of LTB4 production and promoting BLT1/IL-12p35 pathway. Hence, inhibition of 5-Lox may be a potential candidate strategy for septic cardiac dysfunction treatment.

11.
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol ; 35: 20587384211000547, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752456

RESUMO

The relapsing polychondritis (RP) patients with central nervous system (CNS) involvement were rare. We aimed to determine the clinical characteristics of RP patients with CNS involvement. The clinical data of 181 RP patients, hospitalized at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between December 2005 and February 2019, were collected. The patients were categorized into two subgroups: 25 RP patients with CNS involvement, and 156 RP patients without CNS involvement. The involvement of the ear was more frequent in RP patients with CNS involvement, compared with those of RP patients without CNS involvement (P < 0.01). After controlling sex and the admission age, logistic regression analysis revealed hypertension (odds ratio = 4.308, P = 0.006) and involvement of eye (odds ratio = 5.158, P = 0.001) and heart (odds ratio = 3.216, P = 0.025) were correlated with RP patients with CNS involvement, respectively. In addition, pulmonary infection (odds ratio = 0.170, P = 0.020), tracheal involvement (odds ratio = 0.073, P < 0.01), and involvement of laryngeal (odds ratio = 0.034, P = 0.001), costochondral joint (odds ratio = 0.311, P = 0.013), sternoclavicular joint (odds ratio = 0.163, P = 0.017) and manubriosternal joint (odds ratio = 0.171, P = 0.021) were associated with RP patients without CNS involvement, respectively. In contrast to RP patients without CNS involvement, the incidence of ear involvement was higher in RP patients with CNS involvement. After controlling the potential confounding factor sex and the admission age, hypertension and involvement of eye and heart were related with RP patients with CNS involvement, respectively.

12.
J Immunol Res ; 2021: 1349042, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33532504

RESUMO

Objective: To identify the clinical characteristics, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results, and prognostic factors of neuropsychiatric (NP) systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE; NPSLE) in a relatively large patient series in China. Methods: Data of patients with NPSLE at Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) were collected retrospectively from June 2012 to June 2016. NPSLE patients were compared with 220 non-NPSLE patients. Survival rates were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier curves, log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazards modeling. Cranial MRI results were also studied. Results: Of the 194 included patients, sixteen subtypes of NPSLE were identified, and the most common manifestations were seizure (36.6%), acute confusional state (25.3%), and cerebral vascular disease (15.5%). Compared with the non-NPSLE group, NPSLE patients were significantly more likely to have typical lupus symptoms, higher Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) scores (P = 0.002), and positive rate of anti-ribosomal P protein antibodies (P = 0.008). Patients with seizure were more likely to have higher SLEDAI-2K scores and positive anti-ß2GP1 than non-NPSLE patients. Sixteen patients died during follow-up. The most common cause of death was infection (37.5%). NPSLE significantly decreased survival rates of SLE patients. Patients with elevated serum creatinine (P = 0.001), hypocomplementemia (P = 0.031), and SLEDAI - 2K scores ≥ 15 (P = 0.014) had shorter survival periods. Eighty-two patients underwent detailed cranial MRI analysis; of these, 50 (61.0%) had abnormal results. Small vessel disease was the most common abnormal finding, followed by inflammatory-like lesions and large vessel disease. Conclusions: High disease activity and positive rate of anti-ribosomal P protein antibodies may be risk factors for NPSLE. NPSLE decreases survival rates of SLE patients. Renal insufficiency and high disease activity are predictive of poor prognoses for NPSLE patients.

13.
Eur J Radiol ; 137: 109567, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556758

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ultra-microangiography (UMA) is a novel Doppler technique that has high sensitivity for low-velocity blood flows. In this study, a distinctive imaging feature, penetrating blood vessels on the surface of eroded bones within the inflamed joints, was observed on UMA. We aimed to investigate the feasibility of UMA in assessing disease activity and identify the clinical value of the UMA feature for evaluating rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Power-Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) and UMA were performed on small joints of RA patients. The semiquantitative scores of PDUS and UMA of the joints were assessed and compared. The UMA imaging feature of penetrating vessels on the surface of eroded bones was evaluated, and the patients were divided into three groups based on imaging features. (Group 1: no inflammatory signs; Group 2: inflammatory US features but no UMA features; and Group 3: detected UMA features). The correlations between the groups and clinical parameters were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 52 patients with RA were recruited, with 364 joints (MCP, PIP, MTP and wrist) scanned. Synovial blood vessel signals were detected for 68 by PDUS and for 93 by UMA (display rate of blood vessel signals: 18.68 % VS 25.55 %). UMA presented better display capability of blood vessels within the inflamed regions than that of PDUS in overall. Significant differences were detected in clinical scores (P < 0.0001 for DAS28 [ESR], DAS28 [CRP], SDAI, CDAI, CRP P = 0.0303, SJC P = 0.0059, and TJC P = 0.0423) between Group 2 and 3. Significant correlations between the groups and clinical parameters were also observed (DAS28 [ESR] ρ=0.750; DAS28 [CRP] ρ=0.762; SDAI ρ=0.778; CDAI ρ=0.773; CRP ρ= 0.524; SJC ρ=0.742; TJC ρ=0.693, P < 0.0001), indicating that the UMA feature was related to high disease activity. CONCLUSIONS: UMA can help enhance the detection rate of micro-vascularization. The UMA feature of the penetrating vessels on the surface of eroded bones is likely to be associated with severe disease activity.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Ultrassonografia , Ultrassonografia Doppler , Articulação do Punho
14.
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol ; 35: 2058738421998086, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631989

RESUMO

To determine the effects of Tacrolimus (FK506) on Treg cells and subpopulations in SSc patients and assess the ability of FK506 to modify the immune imbalance of Treg/Th17 cells. We analyzed PBMC from five SSc patients and six healthy control by flow cytometry after cultured with 0, 0.1, 1, or 10 ng/ml FK506 in vitro. The number of Treg cells decreased in SSc patients treated with FK506. The number of FrI cells were decreased in SSc following FK506 treatment. The drug did increase the frequency of FrII/Treg cells, but not FrII cells. However, FK506 significantly decreased FrIII in both SSc patients and controls. FK506 clearly decreased the numbers of Th17 cells and FoxP3+IL-17+ cells. The proliferation capacity of cells was also inhibited by FK506, which had a greater effect on FoxP3- cells than FoxP3+ cells. FK506 did inhibit the proliferation of FrIII cells, but not FrI or FrII cells. Our study provides that FK506 reduced the number of FoxP3low CD45RA- T cells (FrIII) by inhibiting its proliferation. Therefore, FK506 modifies Treg cells and the immune imbalance between Tregs and Th17 cells in SSc patients.

15.
Clin Immunol ; 225: 108683, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549832

RESUMO

Monocytes are a versatile and dynamic population, but its implication in Behçet's Disease (BD) remains elusive. We investigated the proportion, phenotypical and functional alterations in classical monocytes (CM), intermediate monocytes (IM) and non-classical monocytes (NCM) subsets in BD. A higher IM and lower NCM population in BD patients were noted, closely correlated with disease activity, and rescued after treatment. CD11b and CD64 expression on CM, IM and NCM in BD were enhanced. BD CM promoted TNF-a and IL-6 production and facilitated Th1 differentiation. BD IM promoted IL-6 production. We further demonstrated a higher level of phosphorylated p65 (p-p65) in BD CM and increased p-p65 and p-p38 in BD IM. Our data highlighted the aberrant populations of IM and CM in BD, potentially implicated in BD' pathogenesis.

16.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635227

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex and challenging disorder. At present, abnormal T cells are considered to be the key point in the pathogenesis of SLE, including the losing central immune tolerance of self-reactive T cells in the thymus, breaking of regulatory T cell balances, and the overactivation of pro-inflammatory T cells. The alterations of T-cell receptor proteins are closely related to these abnormal changes. Glycosylation is one of the most ubiquitous steps of protein post-translational modification. Especially the modifications of N-glycans and O-glycans on T-cell surfaces have been found to regulate apoptosis and downstream signalling in SLE. Accordingly, this review summarises the aberrant modulate effects of T cell glycosylation in SLE and provides new insights into understanding the pathogenesis and some potential therapeutic targets of this chronic autoimmune disease.

17.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 24(4): 519-525, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502120

RESUMO

AIM: To present the prevalence of tonsillitis in synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis (SAPHO) patients, to compare the clinical characteristics and disease activities between SAPHO patients with and without tonsillitis and to preliminarily explore the efficacy of tonsillectomy in SAPHO syndrome. METHOD: A total of 58 SAPHO patients were included. Clinical data were collected, including demographic characteristics and acute phase reactants (erythrocyte sedimentation rate, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein). The visual analog scale (VAS), Palmoplantar Pustule Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PPPASI) and Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI) were used to measure the severity of bone pain, skin lesions and nail lesions, respectively. Patients were referred to the otolaryngology department for tonsil examinations, including tonsil hypertrophy (grade ≥ 2), chronic congestion, inflammatory secretion and tonsil stones. The patients who underwent tonsillectomy were followed up after the surgery. RESULTS: A total of 67.2% of patients had tonsillitis. Patients with tonsillitis had markedly higher PPPASI (1.2 [0, 7.4] vs. 7.6 [1.75, 15.5], P = .018) and NAPSI (0 [0, 21] vs. 8 [3, 28], P = .032) scores. After tonsillectomy, the patients experienced significantly improved bone pain (VAS, 5 [4, 7] vs. 3 [1, 4], P = .034) and skin lesions (PPPASI, 16.2 [7.05, 18.35] vs 1.8 [0.7, 3.7], P = .028). CONCLUSION: Approximately 2/3 of SAPHO patients had tonsillitis. Patients with tonsillitis had more severe skin and nail lesions. Tonsillectomy might be associated with improved bone and skin symptoms in SAPHO patients. Future prospective controlled studies are warranted.

18.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2021 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389313

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F. (TwHF) in the treatment of osteoarticular lesions in synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome. METHODS: Eligible SAPHO patients were recruited to this single-center trial to receive 12-week TwHF treatment. Two dose groups (1.0-mg/kg/day group and 1.5-mg/kg/day group) were designed and patients were allocated (1:1) to these two groups. The primary endpoint was the change from baseline in Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score on the basis of C-reactive protein level (ASDAS) at week 12. RESULTS: All the 30 included patients completed the trial. At week 12, both dose groups showed significant change from baseline in ASDAS (1.0-mg/kg/day group: - 1.34 (1.10), p = 0.000; 1.5-mg/kg/day group: - 1.53 (1.19), p = 0.000). Similar improvement was also found in the Visual Analogue Scale in global osteoarticular pain, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index, and other efficacy measures. The results showed a fast-acting characteristic of TwHF that the maximum efficacy was achieved within the first 2-4 weeks and maintained at a stable level for the rest of the study. No significant differences were observed between the two dose groups under the current sample size. TwHF was well tolerated that no severe adverse events or irregular menstruation were recorded, except for one patient who developed severe alanine aminotransferase elevation at the last follow-up and has stopped the TwHF treatment after the 12-week follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: TwHF should be considered for the treatment of osteoarticular lesions in SAPHO syndrome in clinical practice because of significant efficacy, reliable safety, and high socioeconomic value. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR1900025912 Key points • This is the first clinical trial to evaluate Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F. (TwHF) in the treatment of synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome. • Twelve-week TwHF treatment in both dose groups designed (1.0-mg/kg/day group and 1.5-mg/kg/day group) was well tolerated and could lead to significant disease remission of SAPHO syndrome. • No significant differences were observed between the two dose groups under the current sample size. • TwHF should be considered for the treatment of osteoarticular lesions in SAPHO syndrome in clinical practice because of significant efficacy, reliable safety, and high socioeconomic value.

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