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1.
Eur J Pediatr ; 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424744

RESUMO

Whether the prophylactic use of antibiotics increase the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remains controversial. This review aims to investigate initial empirical antibiotic therapy (IEAT) and is associated with the risk of NEC. PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases were searched through March 1, 2020. All studies on the impacts of antibiotic exposure on NEC development were included. Thirteen studies including 7901 participants were selected. Two reviewers independently examined the extracted data and assessed the quality of the included studies. Random-effects model was used to pool the effect estimates. We found that IEAT (≥ 5 days) was associated with an increased risk of NEC in adjusted (Odds risk [OR] 1.51, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.22-1.87) and unadjusted (OR 2.35, 95% CI 1.54-3.57) analyses. Sensitivity analysis also supported these findings.Conclusion: The evidence suggests an association between IEAT (≥ 5 days) and the risk of NEC. Further studies are needed to address whether the association with IEAT is causal.What is Known:•Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is acute inflammatory necrosis of the intestinal tractin the newborn infant.•Some observational studies have associated initial empirical antibiotics with an increased risk of subsequent NEC.What is New:•Initial empirical antibiotic therapy (IEAT) (≥ 5 days) appear to increase the risk of NEC.

2.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; : 1-12, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396912

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have linked acetaminophen exposure to the risk of allergic rhinitis, with controversial results. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science was conducted up to December 1, 2019. We included observational studies that examined the association between acetaminophen exposure and the risk of allergic rhinitis. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed study quality. Summary odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random-effects meta-analysis. RESULTS: Eighteen studies with 870,492 participants were included. Analysis showed that acetaminophen exposure was associated with an increased risk of allergic rhinitis (OR: 1.54, 95% CI: 1.41-1.69). Also, early exposure and exposure in the past year to acetaminophen was positively associated with risk of allergic rhinitis (OR: 1.34, 95% CI: 1.21-1.49 and OR: 1.74, 95% CI: 1.48-2.04, respectively). The risk of allergic rhinitis was greater for people who had acetaminophen exposure once per month over the past year (OR: 1.90, 95% CI: 1.60-2.26) compared to once per year (OR: 1.28, 95% CI: 1.11-1.48). CONCLUSION: With our meta-analysis, we provide the evidence that exposure to acetaminophen is associated with an increased risk of allergic rhinitis. In addition, acetaminophen exposure in early life and acetaminophen exposure in the past year are positively associated with the risk of allergic rhinitis. Future research is needed to evaluate whether the association is causal.

3.
Peptides ; : 170297, 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32380199

RESUMO

CGA1-78 (Vasostatin-1, VS-1) a N-terminal Chromogranin A (CGA)-derived peptide, has been shown to have a protective effect against TNF-α-induced impairment of endothelial cell integrity. However, the mechanisms of this effect have not yet been clarified. CGA47-66 (Chromofungin, CHR) is an important bioactive fragment of CGA1-78. The present study aims to explore the protective effects of CHR on the vascular endothelial cell barrier response to TNF-α and its related Ca2+ signaling mechanisms. EA.hy926 cells were used as a vascular endothelial culture model. The synthetic peptides CHR and CGA4-16 were assessed for their ability to suppress TNF-α-induced EA.hy926 cells hyper-permeability through Transwell® and TEER assays. Changes in [Ca2+]i were measured through confocal laser scanning microscopy. SOC channel currents (Isoc) were measured via patch-clamp analysis. RT-PCR and western blot were used to analyze mRNA and protein expression of the transient receptor potential channels TRPC1 and TRPC4, respectively. FITC and rhodamine-phalloidin fluorescence were used to assess cell morphology and the distribution of MyPT-1 and F-actin. Compared to untreated cells, TNF-α increased the permeability of EA.hy926 cells that was inhibited by pre-treatment with CHR (10-1000 nM) in concentration-dependent manner, and the effect was most obvious at 100nM, but CGA4-16 (100 nM) had no effect. TNF-α treatment increased the phosphorylation of MyPT-1 and stress fiber formation. CHR (10-1000 nM) pretreatment inhibited the cytoskeletal rearrangements and increased [Ca2+]i in response to TNF-α treatment. CHR also reduced TRPC1 expression following TNF-α induction. Similar to SOC inhibitor 2-APB, CHR suppressed IP3 mediated SOC activation. These findings suggest that CHR inhibits TNF-α-induced Ca2+ influx and protects the barrier function of vascular endothelial cells, and that these effects are related to the inhibition of SOC and Ca2+ signaling by CHR.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418826

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of sequential interventional therapy for Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) caused by obstruction of the inferior vena cava (IVC) with fresh thrombus in the IVC. METHODS: Full medical records were obtained for 20 patients with BCS associated with fresh IVC thrombus who received sequential interventional therapy from 2014 to 2019 at our hospital. All patients underwent small-diameter percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) balloon catheter predilation combined with sequential catheter-directed thrombolysis and large-diameter PTA balloon dilation. Ultrasound examinations were performed at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and every 6 months thereafter. Therapeutic effects and perioperative and postoperative adverse effects were recorded to assess the safety of the treatment. RESULTS: All 20 patients were treated with small PTA balloon catheters (diameter, 10-14 mm) to predilate the occlusive segment of the IVC. Urokinase 400,000 to 600,000 (465,000 ± 93,000) units was administered to patients through the catheter for 6 to 20 (9.7 ± 4.2) consecutive days postoperatively. Ultrasound re-examination showed that the IVC thrombus disappeared completely in 14 patients (70.0%), and a small amount of the old thrombus remained in 6 patients (30.0%). After thrombolysis, all 20 patients received PTA balloon dilation (diameter, 26-30 mm) in the stenosed IVC segment, and blood flow recovered subsequently. No pulmonary embolism or death occurred in the perioperative course. The perioperative survival rate was 100.0%. CONCLUSIONS: Sequential interventional therapy for BCS associated with fresh IVC thrombus is safe and effective.

5.
Theriogenology ; 152: 114-121, 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388039

RESUMO

Kisspeptin, encoded by the KISS1 gene, and its receptor GPR54 are essential in puberty onset and male fertility due to their central regulatory roles. However, the roles of KISS1/GPR54 in peripheral tissues remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the temporal expression patterns of KISS1/GPR54 in goat testes and epididymides and its spatial expression patterns in pubertal goats. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that kisspeptin/GPR54 were localized in Leydig, Sertoli, and germ cells of pubertal goats' testis, as well as in principal and basal cells of the epididymis. RT-PCR revealed a marked variation in the KISS1/GPR54 expressions in the testes and epididymides from the age of first week to adulthood. KISS1 and GPR54 mRNA levels in testes decreased from the age of first week to two months and then increased from two months to puberty and adulthood. The KISS1 and GPR54 mRNA levels in Leydig cells decreased from the age of one week to two months and increased from two months to puberty, and then decreased from puberty to adulthood. Only GPR54 mRNA levels in the epididymides increased from the age of one week to two months and puberty, and then decreased from puberty to adulthood. RT-PCR analysis showed the different spatial expression patterns of KISS1/GPR54 in pubertal goat tissues. The KISS1 mRNA level was high in the hypothalamus, moderate in pancreas, liver, epididymis and testis; and low in the other tissues. The GPR54 expression was high in the pancreas and testis; moderate in pituitary, hypothalamus and mesenteric lymph node; and low in the other tissues. In conclusion, the KISS1/GPR54 system possessed distinct temporal expression profiles in goats' testes and epididymides, as well as different spatial expression patterns in pubertal goat tissues, which implied the possible local role of this system in goats' testes, epididymides, and other peripheral tissues.

6.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 199: 110740, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32446102

RESUMO

Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is one of the most ubiquitous phthalate esters found in everyday products, and is receiving increased attention as an immunologic adjuvant. However, information regarding DBP-aggravated allergic asthma is still limited. This study used a mouse model sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA) to determine any adverse effects of DBP on allergic asthma. Our results reveal that allergic asthmatic mice exposed to DBP for an extended period had a significant increase in inflammatory cell infiltration; a significant increase in levels of serum immunoglobulin and T helper 2 cell (Th2) and T helper 17 cell (Th17) cytokines in lung tissue; and significant changes in lung histology and AHR, all of which are typical asthmatic symptoms. The levels of oxidative stress and levels of the neuropeptide, calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP), were also elevated after DBP exposure. Interestingly, blocking oxidative stress by administering melatonin (MT) not only reduced oxidative stress and CGRP levels, but also ameliorated the asthmatic symptoms. Collectively, these results show that DBP exacerbates asthma-like pathologies by increasing the expression of CGRP mediated by oxidative stress.

7.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2494, 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427850

RESUMO

Artificially improving traits of cultivated alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), one of the most important forage crops, is challenging due to the lack of a reference genome and an efficient genome editing protocol, which mainly result from its autotetraploidy and self-incompatibility. Here, we generate an allele-aware chromosome-level genome assembly for the cultivated alfalfa consisting of 32 allelic chromosomes by integrating high-fidelity single-molecule sequencing and Hi-C data. We further establish an efficient CRISPR/Cas9-based genome editing protocol on the basis of this genome assembly and precisely introduce tetra-allelic mutations into null mutants that display obvious phenotype changes. The mutated alleles and phenotypes of null mutants can be stably inherited in generations in a transgene-free manner by cross pollination, which may help in bypassing the debate about transgenic plants. The presented genome and CRISPR/Cas9-based transgene-free genome editing protocol provide key foundations for accelerating research and molecular breeding of this important forage crop.

8.
World J Surg Oncol ; 18(1): 108, 2020 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32460843

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pituicytoma is a rare pituitary non-neuroendocrine tumour. The awareness of pituitary non-neuroendocrine tumours has gradually increased over the past several decades, but the knowledge of some histological variants of the tumours is limited, particularly in clinicopathological significance. Here, we report a rare case of pituicytoma variant. CASE PRESENTATION: A 71-year-old man presented with sudden symptoms of stroke including urinary incontinence, weakness in right lower limb, and trouble speaking. Physical examinations showed a right facial paralysis. The radiological examinations eventually found a 1.7 × 1.4 × 1.3 cm sellar occupied lesion. After symptomatic treatment improved the symptoms, the patient underwent transsphenoidal resection of the pituitary mass. Histologically, the tumour contained hypocellular area and hypercellular area. The hypocellular area showed elongated spindle cells arranged in a fascicular pattern around small vessels and scattered Herring bodies; the hypercellular area showed a large number of pseudorosettes. Immunohistochemistrically, the tumour cells were positive for thyroid transcription factor-1, S100, and neuron-specific enolase. Neurofilament only showed a little positive in the hypocellular area, and silver impregnation was only noted in a perivascular distribution. The patient had no recurrence 4 months after the surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The rare variant of pituicytoma has a favourable prognosis. Moreover, it needs to be distinguished pituicytomas with pseudorosettes from ependymomas because of different prognosis. Lastly, Herring bodies may occasionally be seen in the pituicytoma, which could be a potential diagnostic pitfall.

9.
Int J Surg Pathol ; : 1066896920925146, 2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32466706

RESUMO

Different cellular constituents of the central nervous system occurring in encephaloceles or neuroglial heterotopias (NGHs) have been reported, but the ependymal morphology has rarely been described in the previous literature, let alone the related histological images. To determine the ependymal morphology in encephaloceles or NGHs, we report a rare case of encephalocele with numerous ependymal components. Radiological examination showed that a 6.2 × 3.1 cm nasal dorsum mass-forming encephalocele in a 24-year-old woman, who had an intracranial connection through a frontal bone defect. This patient underwent a resection of the encephalocele under nasal endoscopy and a reconstruction of the cranial base. The patient had a good prognosis with no postoperative complications during follow-up. Microscopically, the ependymal components entrapped in a collagenized background showed numerous slit-like spaces lined by columnar cells with abundant palely eosinophilic cytoplasm and apical surface microvilli. With immunohistochemistry, in addition to the expression of EMA along with the slit-like spaces, GFAP and S100 were diffusely expressed in the slit-like spaces. In conclusion, the ependymal component in either encephaloceles or NGHs may present slit-like spaces arranged in an anastomosing pattern. The unusual morphology of ependyma continues to be underrecognized by pathologists and is easily misdiagnosed; therefore, an awareness of the morphological change in ependyma is necessary.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(20): e20146, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32443329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An increased frequency of toxoplasma encephalitis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, has been reported in AIDS patients, especially in those with CD4+ T cell counts <100 cells/µL. Several guidelines recommend the combination of pyrimethamine, sulfadiazine, and leucovorin as the preferred regimen for AIDS-associated toxoplasma encephalitis. However, it is not commonly used in China due to limited access to pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine. The synergistic sulfonamides tablet formulation is a combination of trimethoprim (TMP), sulfadiazine and sulfamethoxazole (SMX), and is readily available in China. Considering its constituent components, we hypothesize that this drug may be used as a substitute for sulfadiazine and TMP-SMX. We have therefore designed the present trial, and propose to investigate the efficacy and safety of synergistic sulfonamides combined with clindamycin for the treatment of toxoplasma encephalitis. METHODS/DESIGN: This study will be an open-labeled, multi-center, prospective, randomized, and controlled trial. A total of 200 patients will be randomized into TMP-SMX plus azithromycin group, and synergistic sulfonamides plus clindamycin group at a ratio of 1:1. All participants will be invited to participate in a 48-week follow-up schedule once enrolled. The primary outcomes will be clinical response rate and all-cause mortality at 12 weeks. The secondary outcomes will be clinical response rate and all-cause mortality at 48 weeks, and adverse events at each visit during the follow-up period. DISCUSSION: We hope that the results of this study will be able to provide reliable evidence for the efficacy and safety of synergistic sulfonamides for its use in AIDS patients with toxoplasma encephalitis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered as one of 12 clinical trials under the name of a general project at chictr.gov on February 1, 2019, and the registration number of the general project is ChiCTR1900021195. This study is still recruiting now, and the first patient was screened on March 22, 2019.

11.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32470583

RESUMO

The oligosaccharides from agar hydrolysis have special biological activities, and exhibit application prospects in cosmetic, food and pharmaceutical industry. In this study, two novel ß-agarases (AgaA and AgaB) were screened and characterized. It was found that the AgaA was an endo-type agarase which could efficiently hydrolyzed agar or agarose to form neoagarobiose (NA2), neoagarotetraose (NA4) and neoagarohexaose (NA6), while the AgaB was an exo-type and bifunctional enzyme that showed activities towards both agarose and porphyran. Based on the properties of the two enzymes, we developed modular strategy for enzymatic production of neoagarobiose through a two-stage hydrolysis reaction. The cheap substrate agar was first liquefied by AgaA at high temperature to form neoagaroligosaccharides, which together with the sulfated polysaccharides were homogenized by AgaB to form neoagarobiose as the final product. High concentration of agar (10 g/L) was almost completely converted into neoagarobiose with high purity.

12.
Environ Microbiol ; 22(5): 1944-1962, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249540

RESUMO

Coral associated microorganisms, especially some opportunistic pathogens can utilize quorum-sensing (QS) signals to affect population structure and host health. However, direct evidence about the link between coral bleaching and dysbiotic microbiomes under QS regulation was lacking. Here, using 11 opportunistic bacteria and their QS products (AHLs, acyl-homoserine-lactones), we exposed Pocillopora damicornis to three different treatments: test groups (A and B: mixture of AHLs-producing bacteria and cocktail of AHLs signals respectively); control groups (C and D: group A and B with furanone added respectively); and a blank control (group E: only seawater) for 21 days. The results showed that remarkable bleaching phenomenon was observed in groups A and B. The operational taxonomic units-sequencing analysis shown that the bacterial network interactions and communities composition were significantly changed, becoming especially enhanced in the relative abundances of Vibrio, Edwardsiella, Enterobacter, Pseudomonas, and Aeromonas. Interestingly, the control groups (C and D) were found to have a limited influence upon host microbial composition and reduced bleaching susceptibility of P. damicornis. These results indicate bleaching's initiation and progression may be caused by opportunistic bacteria of resident microbes in a process under regulation by AHLs. These findings add a new dimension to our understanding of the complexity of bleaching mechanisms from a chemoecological perspective.

13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 37(5): 584-587, 2020 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32335892

RESUMO

With the application of BACs-on-BeadsTM (BoBs) and array-comparative genome hybridization (aCGH) technologies in prenatal diagnosis, microdeletion/microduplications at Xp22.3 have been frequently detected. However, the relatively high prevalence and lack of knowledge of such disorders have brought difficulties for clinical genetic counseling. Here, recent progress of research on microdeletion/microduplications at Xp22.3, including epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestation, and prenatal diagnosis, is reviewed.

14.
Forensic Sci Int ; 311: 110293, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320934

RESUMO

Death by mechanical asphyxia is one of the most difficult conclusions to make in forensic science, especially in corpses displaying slight or no trauma to the surface of the body. Therefore, death by mechanical asphyxia is difficult to prove in medico-legal practice. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, non-coding RNAs involved in the regulation of numerous physiological and pathological cellular processes. In the present study, we demonstrate that significantly increased expression of miR-3185 in cardiac tissues was detected among cases of mechanical asphyxia compared to case of craniocerebral injury, hemorrhagic shock, sudden cardiac death and poisoning. We observed no correlation between the expression of miR-3185 and postmortem interval, age or temperature. Further work indicated that CYP4A11 is a putative target gene of miR-3185 and expressed at a relatively low level in cardiac tissue specimens from cases of mechanical asphyxia compared with specimens from cases of craniocerebral injury, hemorrhagic shock, sudden cardiac death and poisoning. Our results suggest that the miRNA-3185/CYP4A11 axis is associated with mechanical asphyxia-induced death and may provide new insight into asphyxial death investigations.

15.
J Environ Manage ; 265: 110514, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275242

RESUMO

As the running time of reservoirs is increasing, a large number of reservoirs are becoming eutrophicated. Organic phosphorus (OP) is a key factor in eutrophication. However, the mechanism and extent to which organic matter degradation affects P recycling in water column of large deep reservoirs are unclear, especially for the newly-built ones. In this study, different forms of carbon (C) and P in the water column of Hongjiadu Reservoir were investigated. The contents of particulate organic carbon (POC) and particulate organic phosphorus (POP) both decreased with depth in summer, indicating that organic matter was degraded during the deposition of particulates. In contrast, the contents of POC and POP varied slightly with depth in winter. This difference may result from the double thermal stratification and the corresponding double oxygen stratification in summer. The POC/POP ratios were lower in the epilimnion and increased with depth, suggesting that P was preferentially regenerated relative to C during organic matter degradation. The contents of particulate inorganic phosphorus (PIP) and POP were significantly negatively correlated, indicating that POP transformed into PIP in deeper water. The double thermoclines and oxyclines in Hongjiadu Reservoir lead to very low dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations in the hypolimnion, which should receive sufficient attention. If water becomes hypoxic, enhanced P release during organic matter degradation will promote phytoplankton growth, leading to higher phytoplankton biomass and more severe DO depletion. Thus, a positive feedback loop may form among hypoxia, enhanced P release, higher primary productivity, and more severe hypoxia, accelerating P recycling in large deep reservoirs. Once if eutrophication occurs in these reservoirs, it will be very difficult to restore the water ecosystem. Thus, it is particularly important to prevent the occurrence of eutrophication and the formation of positive feedback loop as early as possible. This highlights the importance of both reducing external loading and improving DO level in large deep reservoirs.


Assuntos
Carbono , Fósforo , Ecossistema , Eutrofização , Material Particulado
16.
Fertil Steril ; 113(4): 853-864, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228881

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the incidence of chromosomal abnormalities in blastocysts is higher in patients with idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss (iRPL) who underwent preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) than in those who underwent preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic defects (PGT-M). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University-affiliated reproductive center. PATIENT(S): A total of 62 patients with iRPL underwent 101 PGT-A cycles (iRPL group), and 212 patients underwent 311 PGT-M cycles (control group). INTERVENTIONS(S): Blastocyst biopsy and comprehensive chromosome screening technologies, including single-nucleotide polymorphism microarrays and next-generation sequencing. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Incidence of chromosomal abnormalities in blastocysts and clinical miscarriage (CM) rate. RESULT(S): Stratification analysis by maternal age showed an increased incidence of chromosomal abnormalities in the iRPL group aged ≤35 years (48.9% vs. 36.9%), whereas no significant increase was found in the iRPL group aged >35 years (66.9% vs. 61.4%). After transfer of euploid embryos, women aged ≤35 years with iRPL exhibited an increased CM rate compared with the control group (26.1% vs. 3.1%). CONCLUSION(S): Young patients with iRPL have a significantly higher rate of chromosomal abnormalities in blastocysts compared with patients with no or sporadic CM. Although euploid embryos were transferred after PGT-A, young patients with iRPL had a higher CM rate, which may indicate that chromosomal abnormalities might not be the only causal factor for iRPL. Therefore, the role of PGT-A in iRPL still needs to be clarified.

17.
Plant Sci ; 294: 110440, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234223

RESUMO

Fagopyrum cymosum has been considered as a traditional medicinal plant that belongs to Fagopyrum, which has exhibited great pharmaceutical potential due to its abundant flavonoid accumulation. The hairy roots induced by Agrobacterium rhizogenes has been utilized to produce valuable specialized metabolites or reveals plant metabolic processes, whereas the underlying regulatory networks of flavonoid biosynthesis in hairy roots of F. cymosum remained unexplored. Here, the regulatory transcription factor TrMYB4 cloned from Trifolium repens with purple striped leaves was considered to investigate the mechanism of flavonoids biosynthesis in hairy roots of F. cymosum. Results showed that the expression of key genes involved in rutin biosynthesis pathway from TrMYB4 hairy roots were significantly up-regulated compared with non-transgenic hairy roots, while the content of total flavonoids and rutin in TrMYB4 hairy roots also increased consistently. It revealed the TrMYB4 transcription factor could regulate the rutin biosynthesis in F. cymosum. Meanwhile, our research provided a theoretical reference for the industrial production of rutin using F. cymosum hairy roots.

18.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-6, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32293982

RESUMO

This study aims to identify the relative Copy number variation (CNV) associated with the litter size of Dazu black goats based on the unpublished CNV analytical results of our previously published sequencing data, in which the litter-size groups were classified into extreme low- and high-yield groups. Firstly, to compare the existence of valuable CNV in Dazu black goats with different fertility levels with mixed pools. We obtained 4992 and 4888 CNVs from the HY and LY, which overlapping 1461 genes, and classified on the original CNV type. Three genes [LOC108633278, PPP1R12A, and YIPF4] were observed in the intersection between the HY deletion and the LY duplication groups. Secondly, on individuals level, we identified a novel candidate CNV (Chr1_50215501, FST = 0.148, VST = 0.347) from 214 autosomal credible CNVs to be significant with litter size in the Dazu black goat, which located in the CBLB gene. This finding indicates the CBLB gene may affect the litter size of the Dazu black goats through structural variations, and Chr1_50215501 can be an effective genetic marker for marker-assisted selection breeding, and this study was also helps understand the molecular mechanism related to the goat litter size.

20.
Carbohydr Polym ; 235: 115969, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122503

RESUMO

A water-soluble neutral polysaccharide (SDQCP-1) was isolated from fruit bodies of Cordyceps militaris cultivated on hull-less barley. SDQCP-1 was composed of mannose, glucose and galactose in the mole ratio of 13.3:1.0:9.7, with an average molecular weight of 19.3 kDa. Based on results from methylation analysis, GC-MS and NMR, SDQCP-1 was elucidated to be a glucogalactomannan with a backbone composed of (1→2)-α-D-Manp (48.4 %) and (1 → 4)-ß-D-Glcp (1.2 %) residues. Its side chains were branched at O-6 position of (1→2)-α-D-Manp mainly by (1 → 2)-ß-D-Galf or (1 → 6)-α-D-Manp residues which were terminated mainly with α-D-Galf, α-D-Galp residues. Besides exhibiting a good antioxidant capacity with an ORACFL value of 24.7 mmol Trolox/g and a TEAC value of 202.4 µmol Trolox/g, SDQCP-1 also could stimulate macrophages to release NO, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10, and mainly induced M1 polarization of macrophages. The findings indicated that SDQCP-1, from C. militaris cultivated on hull-less barley, could be used as potential natural antioxidant and immunomodulator in functional foods or medicine.

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