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1.
J Med Virol ; 2022 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35043408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is endemic in Xinjiang, China. Determinants of KSHV seropositivity among high-risk groups are not well understood. We seek to identify genetic and environmental predisposing factors for KSHV infection among Uygurs in this endemic region. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among Uygur population in Xinjiang, China. KSHV-antibodies were detected using immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles were genotyped. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were applied to explore the environmental and genetic risk factors of KSHV seropositivity. RESULTS: A total of 721 participants were included. The seroprevalence of KSHV was 24.1% among this population. Sweet-food preference (OR 1.85, 95%CI 1.03-3.34), and coronary heart disease (OR 1.91, 95 %CI 1.24-2.94) were statistically correlated with KSHV infection. HLA-DQB1*06:09 were found to significantly increase the risk of KSHV infection under all 3 models (ORAllelic =4.06; ORDominant =3.27; ORRecessive =8.06). Six SNPs (SNP0260, SNP0361, SNP0797, SNP0852, SNP1159, SNP1375) in the DQB1 and DRB1 region and haploid type GTCTAACTAATC in block 17 were statistically associated with KSHV infection. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that genetic variations in HLA-DQB1/DRB1 and environmental risk factors were strongly associated with KSHV infection among this population. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
J Arthroplasty ; 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35026362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nerve block is a key technique in postoperative analgesia for total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study aimed to compare ultrasound-guided suprainguinal fascia iliaca block (SFIB) and anterior quadratus lumborum block (AQLB) in patients undergoing primary THA. METHODS: In this prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial, 100 patients undergoing primary THA under general anesthesia were randomly allocated to receive an ultrasound-guided SFIB + sham AQLB (SFIB group), or an ultrasound-guided AQLB + sham SFIB (AQLB group). Before wound suture, all patients received periarticular infiltration analgesia which the local anesthetic was injected into joint capsule, exposed gluteal and abductor muscles, peri-trochanteric zone, and subcutaneous tissue under the incision as multiple sites. The primary outcome was postoperative morphine consumption within 24 hours after surgery. Secondary outcomes were the time to first rescue analgesia, postoperative pain assessed on the visual analogue scale (VAS), postoperative quadriceps strength, the time to hospital discharge, and the incidence of postoperative complications. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups concerning morphine consumption within 24 hours after surgery (p = 0.774), the time to first rescue analgesia (p = 0.890), the time to hospital discharge (p = 0.532), and the incidence of postoperative complications (p > 0.05). The VAS pain scores at rest and during motion also were similar at all time points (p > 0.05). Significantly more patients in the SFIB group experienced quadriceps muscle weakness at 2 hours (p = 0.008) and 6 hours (p = 0.009) after surgery. CONCLUSION: Under the circumstances of this study, when combined with periarticular infiltration analgesia, the SFIB provided similar pain relief compared with AQLB in patients undergoing THA, but was associated with muscle weakness within 6 hours after surgery.

3.
Environ Pollut ; 297: 118793, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34998895

RESUMO

Despite several studies having addressed the bioaccumulation of Dechlorane Plus (DP) flame retardant in wildlife, there is still a dearth of information for reptiles in general and for snakes in particular. Here, we report the residue levels and trophic transfer of syn-, anti-, and anti-Cl11-DP in a frog-eating snake-namely, the striped keelback snake Amphiesma stolata-from a DP hotspot in South China. The concentrations of syn-, anti-, and anti-Cl11-DP in A. stolata ranged from 1.06-21.2, 2.13-21.5, and 0.16-10.6 ng/g lipid weight, respectively, with significantly higher levels in males compared with females. Statistical analysis showed that the concentrations of these chemicals were negatively correlated with body sizes (length and mass) of the snake. The fractional abundance of anti-DP (fanti) did not significantly differ either between the sexes or between A. stolata and its diet (i.e., frogs). However, fanti showed positive correlations with the snake's body size and negative correlations with ∑DP concentrations (summed concentrations of syn- and anti-DP), indicating that body size and DP residue levels are important factors influencing DP isomeric profiles in these snakes. Biomagnification factors estimated based on the relationship between A. stolata and frogs were 0.49 ± 0.01 (mean ± SE), 0.44 ± 0.09, and 1.79 ± 0.54 for syn-, anti-, and anti-Cl11-DP, respectively, suggesting trophic dilution of syn- and anti-DP and a mild biomagnification of anti-Cl11-DP from frogs to snakes.

4.
Virology ; 568: 1-11, 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35063656

RESUMO

Influenza D virus (IDV) is an emerged virus that was first isolated in 2011 in the United States. Evidence suggests that IDV has broad host tropism and zoonotic potential. However, the immune evasion mechanism of IDV has not been explored. In the present study, we identified that the Matrix protein 1 (M1) of IDV is a negative regulator of virus- or RIG-IN-triggered type I interferon induction. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments revealed that M1 specifically interacts with tumor necrosis factor receptor associated factor 6 (TRAF6) and potentiates its proteasomal degradation by promoting K48-linked polyubiquitination. Moreover, we discovered that E3 ubiquitin ligase KEAP1 is recruited by M1 to catalyze K48-linked polyubiquitination of TRAF6, and promotes TRAF6 destabilization. Consequently, the degradation cascade mediated by M1 blocks RIG-I-TRAF6 mediated interferon signaling. Taken together, our findings reveal a negative regulatory role for the IDV M1 in the type І interferon pathway.

5.
Vet Res ; 53(1): 7, 2022 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35073979

RESUMO

The type I interferon (IFN-I) signaling pathway is an important part of the innate immune response and plays a vital role in controlling and eliminating pathogens. African swine fever virus (ASFV) encodes various proteins to evade the host's natural immunity. However, the molecular mechanism by which the ASFV-encoded proteins inhibit interferon production remains poorly understood. In the present study, ASFV MGF360-11L inhibited cGAS, STING, TBK1, IKKε, IRF7 and IRF3-5D mediated activation of the IFN-ß and ISRE promoters, accompanied by decreases in IFN-ß, ISG15 and ISG56 mRNA expression. ASFV MGF360-11L interacted with TBK1 and IRF7, degrading TBK1 and IRF7 through the cysteine, ubiquitin-proteasome and autophagy pathways. Moreover, ASFV MGF360-11L also inhibited the phosphorylation of TBK1 and IRF3 stimulated by cGAS-STING overexpression. Truncation mutation analysis revealed that aa 167-353 of ASFV MGF360-11L could inhibit cGAS-STING-mediated activation of the IFN-ß and ISRE promoters. Finally, the results indicated that ASFV MGF360-11L plays a significant role in inhibiting IL-1ß, IL-6 and IFN-ß production in PAM cells (PAMs) infected with ASFV. In short, these results demonstrated that ASFV MGF360-11L was involved in regulating IFN-I expression by negatively regulating the cGAS signaling pathway. In summary, this study preliminarily clarified the molecular mechanism by which the ASFV MGF360-11L protein antagonizes IFN-I-mediated antiviral activity, which will help to provide new strategies for the treatment and prevention of ASF.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35000110

RESUMO

The multi-functional properties of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) on host health have been a popular research topic. The aim of present study was to assess the multi-functional potential of five LAB strains isolated from giant panda. In this study, we analyzed five giant panda LAB strains (Weissella confuse WJ202003 (W3), WJ202009 (W9), WJ202021 (W21), BSP201703 (X3); Lactiplantibacillus plantarum BSGP201683 (G83)) and found that they exhibited rapid growth as well as strong acid production capacity. The five LAB strains possessed high cell surface hydrophobicity to the four tested solvents (xylene, hexadecane, chloroform, ethyl acetate; except strain W9), auto-aggregation ability, co-aggregation ability with three pathogens (Escherichia coli, Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, Salmonella), adhesion ability to Caco-2 cell line, and strongly biofilm formation ability, suggesting an adhesion property. As investigated for their antioxidative potential, all the strains showed good tolerance to H2O2, high scavenging ability against 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and hydroxyl (OH-), and reduction ability. Furthermore, the five LAB strains could produce multiple probiotic substances, including exopolysaccharide (EPS), gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), bile salt hydrolase (BSH), cellulase (only strain G83), and protease (except strain X3), which was the first to report the production of EPS, GABA, BSH, cellulase, and protease in giant panda-derived LAB strain. These results demonstrated that strains W3, W9, W21, X3, and G83 had multi-functional potential and could be utilized as potential probiotics for giant panda.

7.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-9, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34985384

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the genetic basis of muscle development in goats. The transcriptome dataset for differentially expressed lncRNAs (DELs) and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of goat muscle at different developmental stages were obtained using RNA-Seq. A total of 447,806,481 and 587,559,465 clean reads in the longissimus dorsi muscle of Dazu black goats between 75d embryonic stage and 1d after birth were generated through Illumina paired-end sequencing, and their mapping rates were 89.82 and 90.99%, respectively. Moreover, 4517 DEGs and 648 DELs were identified, and 4784 lncRNA-mRNA targeting relationships were predicted. Gene function annotation results showed that 4101 DEGs were significantly enriched to 1098 GO terms, and 2014 DEGs were significantly enriched to 40 KEGG pathways, including many GO terms and pathways related to muscle development, such as cell differentiation and Wnt signaling pathway. Then, 10 DELs and 20 DEGs were randomly selected for RT-qPCR verification, and the agreement rate between the verification and RNA-Seq results was 90%, indicating the high reliability of the RNA-Seq data analysis. In conclusion, this study obtained several mRNAs and lncRNAs related to the muscle development of Dazu black goats and identified several targeted regulatory pairs of lncRNA-mRNA. This study may serve as a reference to understand the genetic basis and molecular mechanism of muscle development in goats.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35015242

RESUMO

To evaluate the application effect of antimicrobial peptides Gal-13 (AMP Gal-13) instead of antibiotic feed additives, 90 7-day-old Ross 308 broilers were randomly divided into 3 groups. Group A was fed a basic diet as the control, and Groups B and C were supplemented with AMP Gal-13 (100 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg, respectively). After a 35-day feeding experiment, the weight and average daily gain (ADG) of the broilers in Group B were significantly higher than those of the broilers in Group A. The Enterococcus sp. and Escherichia coli counts in the ileum and cecum in Group A were significantly higher than those in Groups B and C, while the Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and Bifidobacterium sp. counts were significantly lower. The amylase activity of the jejunum in Group B was significantly higher than that in Group A. The villus length (VL): crypt depth (CD) ratios of the jejunum and ileum in Group B were significantly higher than those in Group A. The glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities in the liver and serum in Groups B and C were significantly higher than those in Group A, while the malondialdehyde (MDA) activity was significantly lower. The titers of Newcastle disease virus (NDV)-specific antibodies were elevated significantly in Group B at the age of 42 days. Additionally, the weights of the spleen and thymus were significantly increased. The expression levels of Il-2, Il-6, Tgf-ß4, Tnf-α, and Mif in the spleen in Groups B and C were significantly downregulated to different degrees; Il-4 expression in Group B was significantly upregulated, while Ifn-γ expression in Group C was significantly upregulated. The results suggested that adding AMP Gal-13 to the diet could improve intestinal digestion, the antioxidant capacity, and immune function, ultimately promoting the growth of broilers.

9.
Phytomedicine ; 95: 153878, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34929563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous clinical studies reported the effectiveness of herbal formula WuShen (WS) in treating cardiovascular diseases, yet relevant basic research was rarely conducted. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twelve main bioactive compounds of WS decoction were identified using the ultra-performance liquid chromatography-LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometer. A total of 137 active compounds with 613 targets were predicted by network pharmacology; their bioinformatic annotation and human microarray data suggested that wounding healing, inflammatory response, and gap junction were potentially the major therapeutic modules. A rat model of post-myocardial infarction (MI) heart failure (HF) was used to study the effects of WS on cardiac function, adverse cardiac remodeling, and experimental arrhythmias. Rats treated with WS led to a significantly improved pump function and reduced susceptibility to both ventricular tachycardia and atrial fibrillation, and restricted adverse cardiac remodeling partly via inhibiting TGFß1/SMADs mediated extracellular matrix deposition and Rac1/NOX2/CTGF/Connexin43 -involved gap junction remodeling. CONCLUSIONS: The present study highlights that WS can be applied to the treatment of heart failure and the upstream therapy for atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia through its preventive effect on adverse cardiac remodeling.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Infarto do Miocárdio , Animais , Coração , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Ratos , Remodelação Ventricular
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 39(1): 76-80, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34964973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report on a case of mosaicism 13q inversion duplication, analyze its mechanism, and discuss the correlation between its genotype and phenotype. METHODS: Amniotic fluid and umbilical cord blood were collected at 23 and 32 weeks of gestation, respectively. Combined with G-banding chromosome karyotyping analysis, single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were used to confirm the result. RESULTS: The karyotype of the fetus was determined as 47,XY,+inv dup(13)(q14.3q34)/46,XY. After careful counseling, the couple decided to continue with the pregnancy, and had given birth to a boy at 40 weeks' gestation. Except for a red plaque (hemangioma) on the nose bridge, no obvious abnormality (intelligence to be evaluated) was discovered. CONCLUSION: To provide reference for clinical genetic counseling and risk assessment, the location and proportion of new centromere formation should be fully considered in the case of mosaicism 13q inversion duplication.


Assuntos
Amniocentese , Mosaicismo , Inversão Cromossômica/genética , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Feminino , Feto , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal
11.
Behav Brain Res ; 421: 113730, 2022 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34971645

RESUMO

Running wheel exercise training (RWE) and skilled reaching training (SRT) are physical training approaches with positive effects on cognitive function. However, few studies have compared the different effects of these exercises on long-term memory, and their mechanism remains unknown. This study investigated the effects of SRT and RWE, at the recovery stage, on the cognitive function of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) rats and explored their association with NgR1/Rho-A/ROCK/LOTUS/LGI1 signaling. Adult Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 55) were divided into four groups after pretraining: SRT, RWE, tMCAO, and Sham. Rats were subjected to modified neurological severity score (mNSS) measurements and forelimb grip strength and the Morris water maze tests. Using immunofluorescence and western blotting, we evaluated axonal growth inhibitor expression in the peri-infarct cortex on days 28 and 56 after tMCAO. Results showed the mNSS reduced, whereas the grip strengths improved in RWE and SRT groups. The escape latency in the Morris water maze test was shorter, whereas the number of times of crossing the platform was higher in both the SRT and RWE groups than in the tMCAO group on day 56; furthermore, the parameters in the SRT group improved compared to those in the RWE group. Physical exercise training could improve cognitive functions by reducing the expression of the NgR1/RhoA/ROCK axon growth inhibitors and increasing the expression of the endogenous antagonists LOTUS/LGI1. Exercise training beginning at the recovery stage could improve the cognitive function in tMCAO rats through a mechanism probably associated with the axonal growth inhibitor pathway.

12.
Food Chem ; 375: 131865, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34953246

RESUMO

The ability of laccase to oxidize polyphenols arouses our interest that laccase can be applied for protein-polyphenol cross-linking. In this study, laccase promoted the cross-linking of gallic acid (GA) and soy protein isolate (SPI) under neutral pH. SPI-GA complexes changed the secondary structures with a decrease in ß-fold and an increase in α-helix and ß-turn. The free-radical scavenging activity and reducing power determination results suggested that GA elevated the SPI antioxidant activity significantly. Specifically, DPPH free radical scavenging rate and ABTS free radical scavenging ability increased almost 5- and 1.5-fold compared with unmodified SPI, respectively. Moreover, the reducing power had more than 3-fold compared to the SPI control. This study provided a novel enzyme-induced approach to modulate the physicochemical properties of SPI binding polyphenol.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Proteínas de Soja , Catálise , Ácido Gálico , Lacase
13.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126780, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358974

RESUMO

The microbial colonization profiles on microplastics (MPs) in marine environments have recently sparked global interest. However, many studies have characterized plastisphere microbiomes without considering the ecological processes that underly microbiome assembly. Here, we carried out a three-timepoint exposure experiment at 1-, 4-, and 8-week and investigated the colonization dynamics for polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride, and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene MP pellets in natural coastal water. Using high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA, we found diversity and evenness were higher (p < 0.05) in the plastisphere communities than those in seawater, and microorganisms colonizing were co-influenced by environmental factors, polymer types, and exposure duration. Functional potential and co-occurrence network analysis revealed that MP exposure enriched the xenobiotic biodegradation potential and reduced the complexity of the MP microbial network. Simultaneously, null-model analyses indicated that stochastic processes contributed a bigger role than deterministic processes in shaping plastisphere microbial community structure with dispersal limitations contributing to a greater extent to microbial succession trajectories. These results implied the plastic surface had a more important role as a raft onto which microbes attach rather than selectively recruiting plastic-specific microbial colonizers. Our work strengthened the understanding of the ecological mechanisms by which microbial community patterns are controlled during colonization by plastic-associated microbes.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Plásticos , Biodegradação Ambiental , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149898, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461476

RESUMO

Microbial degradation is an effective approach for the removal of Bisphenol A (BPA). During the biodegradation process, quorum sensing (QS) is a phenomenon that enables bacteria to coordinate collective behaviors based on cell density-dependent chemical signals. However, whether the degradation of BPA can be facilitated by this QS system (such as acyl-homoserine lactone, AHL) is unclear. To answer this question, the bifunctional Sphingonomas sp. strain YK5 that had BPA-degrading and AHL-producing properties was used. Biochemical analysis revealed that this bacterial strain mainly produced C8-HSL signals. Gene knockout experiments indicated that the AHL-system (LuxI1/LuxI2) was required for efficient BPA degradation. RT-PCR analyses revealed that the AHL system positively regulated the relative expression of genes (bisdA, CYP450, hapA, ligAB, and proB) involved in BPA degradation. Given that AHL signaling may be a common trait among BPA-degrading microorganisms and AHL system can regulate the degradation activity, manipulation of this system may be a valuable strategy to control BPA biodegradation.


Assuntos
Acil-Butirolactonas , Percepção de Quorum , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Fenóis
15.
Phytochemistry ; 193: 112970, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689099

RESUMO

Hypericum monogynum L. (Hypericaceae) has been used as a folk Chinese medicine for the treatment of inflammatory related diseases. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a crucial target for the development of agents to treat inflammation. To search for anti-inflammatory compounds from traditional Chinese medicines, a chemical constituent study along with COX-2 inhibitory activity analysis was performed for this plant. In this study, sixteen chemical monomers, including three undescribed oxidative degradation polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (PPAPs, hypemoins C-E), two undescribed PPAPs (hypemoins A and B), and 11 known compounds, were identified from the flowers of H. monogynum. Their structures were characterized by HRESIMS, NMR techniques, ECD, and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Four flavonoid derivatives showed remarkable COX-2 inhibitory activities, with IC50 values ranging from 0.220 ± 0.006 to 1.655 ± 0.098 µM. Among these compounds, the possible recognition mechanism between quercetin 3-(6″-O-caffeoyl)-ß-3-D-galactoside and COX-2 was predicted by molecular docking analysis. Moreover, the multidrug resistance reversal activities for the selected compounds were evaluated.


Assuntos
Hypericum , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Flores , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Floroglucinol/farmacologia
16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34882410

RESUMO

A fast neutron has strong penetration ability through dense and bulky objects, which makes it an ideal nondestructive technology for detecting voids, cracks, or other defects inside large equipment. However, the lack of effective fast neutron detection materials limits its application. Perovskites have shown excellent optical properties in many areas, but they are absent from fast neutron detection imaging because they cannot directly absorb fast neutrons and emit luminescence. Here, we demonstrate a hydrogen-rich long-chain organic amine modified two-dimensional (2D) perovskite fast neutron scintillator, Mn-(C18H37NH3)2PbBr4(Mn-STA2PbBr4). Its hydrogen density can reach 9.51 × 1028 m-3, and the photoluminescence quantum yield can reach 58.58%, so it is possible to integrate fast neutron absorption and luminescence into a single compound. More importantly, Mn-STA2PbBr4 can be made into a large-area self-supporting fast neutron scintillator plate with satisfactory spatial resolution (0.5 lp/mm (lp: line pairs)). This strategy provides a simple and promising choice for fast neutron scintillator nondestructive testing.

17.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 755919, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34912312

RESUMO

Rosa roxburghii Tratt. is widely applied in food, cosmetics, and traditional medicine, and has been demonstrated to possess diverse bioactivities. Plant endophytic fungi are important microbial resources with great potential for application in many fields. They not only establish mutualistic symbiosis with host plants but also produce a variety of bioactive compounds. Therefore, in the present study, endophytic fungi were isolated from R. roxburghii, the diversity and antimicrobial activities were evaluated. As a result, 242 strains of endophytic Sordariomycetes were successfully isolated. Multigene phylogenetic analyses showed that these isolates included eight orders, 19 families, 33 genera. The dominant genera were Diaporthe (31.4%), Fusarium (14.4%), Chaetomium (7.9%), Dactylonectria (7.0%), Graphium (4.5%), Colletotrichum (4.1%), and Clonostachys (4.1%). For different tissues of R. roxburghii, alpha diversity analysis revealed that the diversity of fungal communities decreased in the order of root, fruit, stem, flower, leaf, and seed, and Clonostachys and Dactylonectria exhibited obvious tissue specificity. Meanwhile, functional annotation of 33 genera indicated that some fungi have multitrophic lifestyles combining endophytic, pathogenic, and saprophytic behavior. Additionally, antimicrobial activities of endophytic Sordariomycetes against Lasiodiplodia theobromae, Botryosphaeria dothidea, Colletotrichum capsici, Pyricularia oryzae, Rhizoctonia solani, Fusarium oxysporum, Pseudomonas syringae, Pantoea agglomerans, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were screened. Dual culture test assays showed that there were 40 different endophytic species with strong inhibition of at least one or moderate inhibition of two or more against the 12 tested strains. The results from the filter paper diffusion method suggested that extracellular metabolites may be more advantageous than intracellular metabolites in the development of antimicrobial agents. Eleven isolates with good activities were screened. In particular, Hypomontagnella monticulosa HGUP194009 and Nigrospora sphaerica HGUP191020 have shown promise in both broad-spectrum and intensity. Finally, some fungi that commonly cause disease have been observed to have beneficial biological activities as endophytic fungi. In conclusion, this study showed the species composition, alpha diversity, and lifestyle diversity of endophytic Sordariomycetes from R. roxburghii and demonstrated these isolates are potential sources for exploring antimicrobial agents.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34902570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Data on long-term tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) therapy for pregnant women with active chronic hepatitis B (CHB) (immune clearance and reactivation phases, currently and previously diagnosed) and their infants are lacking. METHODS: Pregnant women with active CHB treated with TAF and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) were enrolled in this multicenter prospective study, and infants received immunoprophylaxis. The primary outcomes were rates of adverse (safety) events in pregnant women and defects in infants and fetuses. The secondary outcomes were virologic responses in pregnant women, infants' safety, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) status, and growth conditions. RESULTS: One hundred three and 104 pregnant women were enrolled and 102 and 104 infants were born in the TAF and TDF groups, respectively. In the TAF group, the mean age, gestational age, alanine aminotransferase level, and viral loads at treatment initiation were 29.3 years, 1.3 weeks, 122.2 U/L, and 5.1 log10 IU/mL, respectively. TAF was well-tolerated, and the most common adverse event was nausea (29.1%) during a mean of 2 years of treatment. Notably, 1 (1.0%) TAF-treated pregnant woman underwent induced abortion due to noncausal fetal cleft lip and palate. No infants in either group had birth defects. In the TAF group, the hepatitis B e antigen seroconversion rate was 20.7% at postpartum month 6, infants had normal growth parameters, and no infants were positive for HBsAg at 7 months. The TDF group had comparable safety and effectiveness profiles. CONCLUSIONS: TAF administered throughout or beginning in early pregnancy is generally safe and effective for pregnant women with active CHB and their infants.

19.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 806290, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34956935

RESUMO

In previous experiments, we identified the effect of deletion of the Zbtb1 gene on circRNAs and microRNAs. In this study, we examined the expression profiles of lncRNAs and mRNAs using the RNA-seq method for Zbtb1-deficient EL4 cells and performed a clustering analysis of differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs. GO term histograms and KEGG scatter plots were drawn. For the experimental results, a joint analysis was performed, which predicted the regulatory relationships among lncRNAs, mRNAs, microRNAs and circRNAs. For the regulatory relationship between lncRNAs and target genes, the chromatin structure and the degree of openness were verified for the possible target gene locations regulated by lncRNA using experimental methods such as Hi-C and ATAC-seq. Ultimately, the possible differential regulation of the Brcal and Dennd5d genes by lncRNAs and the differential changes in transcription factor binding sites in the promoter region were identified. For neRNA-regulated target genes with significantly differentially expressed mRNAs, a combined screen was performed, and the final obtained candidate target genes were subjected to GO and KEGG term enrichment analyses. Our results illustrate that the Zbtb1 gene can not only function as a regulatory factor but also regulate EL4 cells from multiple perspectives based on ceRNA theory.

20.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(12)2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34944311

RESUMO

The follicle development (FD) is an important factor determining litter size in animals. Recent studies have found that noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) play an important role in FD. In particular, the role of the regulatory mechanism of competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) that drive FD has attracted increasing attention. Therefore, this study explored the genetic basis of goat FD by obtaining the complete follicular transcriptome of Dazu black goats at different developmental stages. Results revealed that 128 messenger RNAs (mRNAs), 4 long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), 49 microRNAs (miRNAs), and 290 circular RNAs (circRNAs) were significantly differentially expressed (DE) between large and small follicles. Moreover, DEmRNAs were enriched in many signaling pathways related to FD, as well as GO terms related to molecular binding and enzyme activity. Based on the analysis of the ceRNA network (CRN), 34 nodes (1 DElncRNAs, 10 DEcircRNAs, 14 DEmiRNAs, and 9 DEmRNAs) and 35 interactions (17 DEcircRNAs-DEmRNAs, 2 DElncRNAs-DEmiRNAs, and 16 DEmRNA-DEmiRNAs) implied that the CRN could be involved in the FD of goats. In conclusion, we described gene regulation by DERNAs and lncRNA/circRNA-miRNA-mRNA CRNs in the FD of goats. This study provided insights into the genetic basis of FD in precise transcriptional regulation.

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