Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 197
Filtrar
1.
Hum Reprod ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34997960

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: Are mutations in MOS (MOS proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase) involved in early embryonic arrest in infertile women? SUMMARY ANSWER: We identified mutations in MOS that may cause human female infertility characterized by preimplantation embryonic arrest (PREMBA), and the effects of the mutations in human embryonic kidney 293T (HEK293T cells) and mouse oocytes provided evidence for a causal relation between MOS and female infertility. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: MOS, an activator of mitogen-activated protein kinase, mediates germinal vesicle breakdown and metaphase II arrest. Female MOS knockout mice are viable but sterile. Thus, MOS seems to be an important part of the mammalian cell cycle mechanism that regulates female meiosis. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: Whole-exome sequencing, bioinformatics filtering analysis and genetic analysis were performed to identify two different biallelic mutations in MOS in two independent families. The infertile patients presenting with early embryonic arrest were recruited from October 2018 to June 2020. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: The female patients diagnosed with primary infertility were recruited from the reproduction centres of local hospitals. Genomic DNA from the affected individuals, their family members and healthy controls was extracted from peripheral blood. We performed whole-exome sequencing in patients diagnosed with PREMBA. Functional effects of the mutations were investigated in HEK293T cells by western blotting and in mouse oocytes by microinjection and immunofluorescence. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: We identified the homozygous missense mutation c.285C>A (p.(Asn95Lys)) and the compound heterozygous mutations c.467delG (p.(Gly156Alafs*18)) and c.956G>A (p.(Arg319His)) in MOS in two independent patients. The mutations c.285C>A (p.(Asn95Lys)) and c.467delG (p.(Gly156Alafs*18)) reduced the protein level of MOS, and all mutations reduced the ability of MOS to phosphorylate its downstream target, extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2. In addition, the identified mutations reduced the capacity of exogenous human MOS to rescue the metaphase II exit phenotype, and the F-actin cytoskeleton of mouse oocytes was affected by the patient-derived mutations. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: Owing to the lack of in vivo data from patient oocytes, the exact molecular mechanism affected by MOS mutations and leading to PREMBA is still unknown and should be further investigated using knock-out or knock-in mice. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: We identified recessive mutations in MOS in two independent patients with the PREMBA phenotype. Our findings reveal the important role of MOS during human oocyte meiosis and embryonic development and suggest that mutations in MOS may be precise diagnostic markers for clinical genetic counselling. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81725006, 81822019, 81771581, 81971450, 81971382,82001538 and 82071642), the project supported by the Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Major Project (2017SHZDZX01), the Project of the Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Commission (19JC1411001), the Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai (19ZR1444500 and 21ZR1404800), the Shuguang Program of the Shanghai Education Development Foundation and the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission (18SG03), the Foundation of the Shanghai Health and Family Planning Commission (20154Y0162), the Capacity Building Planning Program for Shanghai Women and Children's Health Service and the collaborative innovation centre project construction for Shanghai Women and Children's Health. The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: N/A.

2.
J Hum Genet ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34987164

RESUMO

Peptidyl arginine deiminase, type VI (PADI6) is a member of the subcortical maternal complex (SCMC), which plays vital roles in mammalian embryogenesis. Most mutations in SCMC members have been reported to cause human embryonic arrest, and a total of 15 mutations in PADI6 have been shown to be responsible for early embryonic arrest according to previous studies. However, the genetic factors behind this phenotype remain to be understood in further detail. Here, we identified 13 novel mutations and 4 previously reported mutations of PADI6 in 14 patients who were diagnosed with abnormal embryonic development caused by early arrest, embryonic fragmentation, and recurrent implantation failure. Most of the mutations were predicted by in silico analysis to be deleterious or damaging to the function of PADI6. In addition, the total and East Asian population frequencies of the mutations were low or absent in the gnomAD database. Our study expands the mutational spectrum in PADI6 and will provide precise targets for genetic counseling in the future.

3.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 106(2): 729-742, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34971411

RESUMO

Avian leukosis, caused by avian leukosis virus (ALV), is an infectious tumor disease and severely hinders the development of the poultry industry. The use of Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) could effectively alleviate viremia in the early period of J subgroup ALV (ALV-J) infection. In this study, an invasive L. plantarum NC8 expressing Gp85 protein of ALV-J was constructed. After chickens were orally administered the recombinant invasive NC8, the levels of expression of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes in peripheral blood and spleen by flow cytometry and the proliferation ability of splenocytes by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay were examined, and the contents of cytokines, the anti-ALV-J antibody in serum, and mucosal antibody sIgA in intestinal lavage fluid were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The immunoprotective efficiency was evaluated by monitoring the infection rate, the percent of cloacal swabs and survival, body weight gain, the organ indexes, and relative virus loads after challenge with ALV-J. The results showed that the recombinant invasive strain (FnBPA-gp85) could promote the expression levels of the CD8+T cells in peripheral blood and spleen, the proliferation of splenocytes, the secretions of cytokines interleukin 2 (IL-2) and γ-interferon (IFN-γ), and the production of IgG and sIgA compared with the PBS and FnBPA control groups in chickens. The FnBPA-gp85 group was exhibited the highest immune protection against ALV-J infection. The above results indicated that the recombinant invasive NC8 could promote the cellular immunity, humoral immunity, and mucosal immunity responses in chicken and provide a new method for exploring the live vaccine against ALV-J.Key points• The FnBPA-gp85 strain could enhance cellular immunity response.• The FnBPA-gp85 strain could improve the immune protection against ALV-J infection.

4.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-9, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34930075

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the cytochrome P450 family 27 subfamily A member 1 (CYP27A1) gene mutations in Chinese women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) and the correlation between CYP27A gene mutations and BA (bile acid) level changes. METHODS: In this study, the entire coding region of the CYP27A1 gene was sequenced in 151 Han Chinese women with ICP and 1029 matched samples, and the pathogenicity of identified CYP27A1 gene mutations was judged through evolutionary conservation analysis, computational analysis and protein structure modeling. Finally, we verified the relationship between gene mutations and total serum bile acid (TBA) and cholesterol (CHOL) levels through experiments in cell culture. RESULTS: We identified five heterozygous CYP27A1 missense mutations in five ICP samples. Three online tools, Polyphen-2, MutationTaster and SIFT, predicted that the five CYP27A1 mutations were pathogenic. Furthermore, all five mutations caused marked protein structural changes. Experiments in cells showed that the intracellular and medium levels of TBA in the mutant groups were lower than those in the wild-type group, while the CHOL levels were higher in all mutants except for the R158H mutant. CONCLUSIONS: CYP27A1 mutations are associated with the levels of TBA and CHOL, suggesting that CYP27A1 mutations contribute to abnormal total cholesterol and BA levels, which leads to ICP.

5.
Insects ; 12(11)2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821783

RESUMO

Insect galls are the abnormal growth of plant tissues induced by a wide variety of galling insects and characterized by high concentrations of auxins and cytokinins. It remains unclear whether the auxins and cytokinins affect the bacterial community structure of insect galls. We determined the concentrations of indoleacetic acid (IAA) as an example of auxin, trans-zeatin riboside (tZR) and isopentenyladenine (iP) as cytokinins in Lithosaphonecrus arcoverticus (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) galls and the galled twigs of Lithocarpus glaber (Fagaceae) using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Moreover, for the first time, we compared the bacterial community structure of L. arcoverticus galls and galled twigs by high-throughput sequencing, and calculated the Spearman correlation and associated degree of significance between the IAA, tZR and iP concentrations and the bacterial community structure. Our results indicated the concentrations of IAA, tZR and iP were higher in L. arcoverticus galls than in galled twigs, and positively correlated with the bacterial community structure of L. arcoverticus galls. We suggest the high concentrations of IAA, tZR and iP may affect the bacterial community structure of L. arcoverticus galls.

7.
Theranostics ; 11(17): 8270-8282, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373741

RESUMO

Rationale: Glucose oxidase (GOx) has gained tremendous research interest recently as a glucose-consuming enzyme for tumor starvation therapy, while its in vivo applications are strictly limited by rapid deactivation, as well as side effects of non-specific catalysis. Methods: To address these issues, here we report a protective nano-shell to encapsule GOx for localized melanoma therapy delivered by dissolving microneedles (MNs). Inspired by cell membrane that separates and protects cell organelles and components from outside environment while selectively ingesting nutrition sources, we designed polydopamine (PDA)-structured nano-shell to allow free transportation of glucose for catalytic reaction, while impede the penetration of GOx, proteinase, and other GOx-deactivating macromolecules across the shell membrane. Results: GOx was well protected in core layer with persistent catalytic activity for at least 6 d under various biological matrixes (e.g., PBS, serum, and cell lysate) and surviving different harsh conditions (e.g., acid/base treatments, and proteinase-induced degradation). Such long-acting nano-catalyst can be easily integrated into MNs as topical delivery carrier for effective glucose consumption in melanoma tissue, achieving significant tumor growth inhibition via starvation therapy with minimized side effects as compared to systemic administration. Conclusion: This work provides an elegant platform for in vivo delivery of GOx, and our cell-mimicking nano-system can also be applied for other enzyme-based therapeutics.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445666

RESUMO

Epilepsy is characterized by repeated spontaneous bursts of neuronal hyperactivity and high synchronization in the central nervous system. It seriously affects the quality of life of epileptic patients, and nearly 30% of individuals are refractory to treatment of antiseizure drugs. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop new drugs to manage and control refractory epilepsy. Cannabinoid ligands, including selective cannabinoid receptor subtype (CB1 or CB2 receptor) ligands and non-selective cannabinoid (synthetic and endogenous) ligands, may serve as novel candidates for this need. Cannabinoid appears to regulate seizure activity in the brain through the activation of CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors (CB1R and CB2R). An abundant series of cannabinoid analogues have been tested in various animal models, including the rat pilocarpine model of acquired epilepsy, a pentylenetetrazol model of myoclonic seizures in mice, and a penicillin-induced model of epileptiform activity in the rats. The accumulating lines of evidence show that cannabinoid ligands exhibit significant benefits to control seizure activity in different epileptic models. In this review, we summarize the relationship between brain CB2 receptors and seizures and emphasize the potential mechanisms of their therapeutic effects involving the influences of neurons, astrocytes, and microglia cells. The unique features of CB2Rs, such as lower expression levels under physiological conditions and high inducibility under epileptic conditions, make it an important target for future research on drug-resistant epilepsy.


Assuntos
Canabinoides/farmacologia , Epilepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor CB2 de Canabinoide/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Sistema Nervoso Central/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Epilepsia/metabolismo , Humanos , Ligantes , Microglia/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Receptor CB2 de Canabinoide/metabolismo , Receptores de Canabinoides/metabolismo , Convulsões/tratamento farmacológico , Convulsões/metabolismo
9.
Cell Res ; 31(10): 1106-1122, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239074

RESUMO

Whereas the critical roles of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) in adult are increasingly appreciated, their developmental hierarchy in early human fetus remains largely elusive. In this study, we sorted human hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells, lymphoid progenitors, putative ILC progenitor/precursors and mature ILCs in the fetal hematopoietic, lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissues, from 8 to 12 post-conception weeks, for single-cell RNA-sequencing, followed by computational analysis and functional validation at bulk and single-cell levels. We delineated the early phase of ILC lineage commitment from hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells, which mainly occurred in fetal liver and intestine. We further unveiled interleukin-3 receptor as a surface marker for the lymphoid progenitors in fetal liver with T, B, ILC and myeloid potentials, while IL-3RA- lymphoid progenitors were predominantly B-lineage committed. Notably, we determined the heterogeneity and tissue distribution of each ILC subpopulation, revealing the proliferating characteristics shared by the precursors of each ILC subtype. Additionally, a novel unconventional ILC2 subpopulation (CRTH2- CCR9+ ILC2) was identified in fetal thymus. Taken together, our study illuminates the precise cellular and molecular features underlying the stepwise formation of human fetal ILC hierarchy with remarkable spatiotemporal heterogeneity.

10.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 687691, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34276618

RESUMO

Pediococcus acidilactici may significantly reduce the pH-value, and thus has different influence, including serving as a probiotic in human microbiota but a spoilage in human food as it could change the flavor. Pediococcus acidilactici is also capable of entering into the viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state causing false negative results of standard culture-based detection method. Thus, development of detection method for VBNC state P. acidilactici is of great significance. In this study, propidium monoazide (PMA) combined with cross priming amplification (CPA) was developed to detect the VBNC cells of P. acidilactici and applied on the detection in different systems. With detection limit of 104 cells/ml, high sensitivity, and 100% specificity, PMA-CPA can successfully detect VBNC cells of P. acidilactici and be applied in with high robustness.

11.
Sci Total Environ ; 796: 148978, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34328875

RESUMO

Ammonia (NH3) is the most important alkaline gas in the atmosphere and plays a central role in atmospheric pollution and the global N cycle. Water bodies receive increasing nitrogen inputs from effluents and atmospheric deposition due to anthropogenic activities and are regarded as the major natural NH3 and NH4+ sinks. In this work, floating dynamic flux chambers were deployed at four types of freshwater (rivers, large reservoirs, medium-sized reservoirs and ponds) systems and a coastal seawater system to estimate the water-air NH3 emission fluxes. The NH3 emission fluxes of rivers (26.4 µg NH3 m-2 h-1) were significantly higher than those of other types of freshwater systems, and the NH3 flux of offshore water was unexpectedly high (3.9 µg NH3 m-2 h-1). The ammonium content and water temperature were the most important factors driving NH3 emissions from water bodies. The global NH3 emissions from water bodies reached 8.88 TgN a-1, and this value will increase persistently with global warming and water quality deterioration. Water bodies that are relatively eutrophic and directly affected by anthropogenic activities should be considered reservoirs of inputted N instead of permanent sinks.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Compostos de Amônio , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Amônia/análise , Compostos de Amônio/análise , Atmosfera , Monitoramento Ambiental , Nitrogênio/análise
12.
Blood ; 138(14): 1237-1248, 2021 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34132762

RESUMO

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an inflammatory myeloid neoplasm caused by aberrant activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. Circulating myeloid cells from patients often carry disease-associated mutations and can be differentiated into langerinhigh LCH-like cells in vitro, but their detailed immune-phenotypic and molecular profiles are lacking and could shed key insights into disease biology. Here we recruited 217 pediatric LCH patients and took blood and tissue samples for BRAFV600E analysis. Immune-phenotyping of the circulating Lin-HLA-DR+ immune population in 49 of these patients revealed that decreased frequency of plasmacytoid dendritic cells was significantly linked to disease severity. By single-cell RNA sequencing of samples from 14 patients, we identified key changes in expression of RAS-MAPK-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling-related genes and transcription factors in distinct members of the mononuclear phagocyte system in the presence of BRAFV600E. Moreover, treatment of patients with the BRAF inhibitor dabrafenib resulted in MAPK cascade inhibition, inflammation prevention, and regulation of cellular metabolism within mononuclear phagocytes. Finally, we also observed elevated expression of RAS-MAPK-ERK signaling-related genes in a CD207+CD1a+ cell subcluster in skin. Taken together, our data extend the molecular understanding of LCH biology at single-cell resolution, which might contribute to improvement of clinical diagnostics and therapeutics, and aid in the development of personalized medicine approaches.

13.
Insects ; 12(5)2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34068526

RESUMO

Dryocosmus kuriphilus (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) is a gall wasp that induces insect galls on chestnut trees and results in massive yield losses worldwide. Fungi can cause the necrosis of chestnut trees and the death of gall wasps. The aim of this research was to investigate the potential role of D. kuriphilus in the transmission of fungi. We sequenced the ribosomal RNA internal transcribed spacer region 1 of fungi in D. kuriphilus adults, associated insect galls and the galled twigs of Castanea mollissima, using high-throughput sequencing. We compared the species richness, α-diversity and community structure of fungi in D. kuriphilus adults, insect galls and the galled twigs. We provide the first evidence that D. kuriphilus adults shared most fungal species with associated insect galls and the galled twigs, and were dominated by Botryosphaeria sp., Aspergillus sp. and Diaporthe sp. We suggest D. kuriphilus adults may be potential vectors of plant pathogens and may facilitate the transmission of fungi between chestnut trees. Furthermore, the fungi may horizontally transmit among D. kuriphilus adults, associated insect galls and the galled twigs.

14.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 38(9): 2397-2404, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34052955

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In this study, we evaluated the feasibility of the combining CNV-seq and quantitative fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR) for miscarriage analysis in clinical practice. METHODS: Over a 35-month period, a total of 389 fetal specimens including 356 chorionic villi and 33 fetal muscle tissues were analyzed by CNV-seq and QF-PCR. Relationships between the risk factors (e.g., advanced maternal age, abnormal pregnancy history, and gestational age) and incidence of these chromosomal abnormalities were further analyzed by subgroup. RESULTS: Clinically significant chromosomal abnormalities were identified in 58.95% cases. Aneuploidy was the most common abnormality (46.84%), followed by polyploidy (8.16%) and structural chromosome anomalies (3.95%). In sub-group analysis, significant differences were found in the total frequency of chromosomal abnormalities between the early abortion and the late abortion group, as well as in the distribution of chromosomal abnormalities between the advanced and the younger maternal age group. Meanwhile, the results of the logistic regression analysis identified a trend suggesting that the percentage of fetal chromosomal abnormalities is significantly higher in advanced maternal age, lesser gestational age, and lesser number of prior miscarriages. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that CNV-seq and QF-PCR are efficient and reliable technologies in the fetal chromosome analysis of miscarriages and could be used as a routine selection method for the genetic analysis of spontaneous abortion.

15.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(4): 1905-1914, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34017366

RESUMO

Bariatric surgery has been the first-line treatment for obesity. Since the 2010s, gradual changes in miRNAs upon surgery have been observed. Substantial research has been undertaken on the role of bariatric surgery in the gastrointestinal tract. However, bariatric surgery research largely ignores the role of miRNAs in organs other than the gastrointestinal tract, while the contribution of miRNAs to this process has received little attention. This review addresses a neglected aspect of miRNAs in obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery, especially the obvious effect on multisystem organs. This finding provides evidence that miRNAs play a complex yet important role in the functional stability of each organ and the weight loss efficacy after bariatric surgery. The results provide a solid evidence base for the mechanism of bariatric surgery. Taking into account incompatible medication adherence associated with adverse outcomes, suggestions were identified for an efficient technical refinement of bariatric surgery with better clinical results.

16.
Hum Reprod ; 36(8): 2371-2381, 2021 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34037756

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: Are any novel mutations and corresponding new phenotypes, other than recurrent hydatidiform moles, seen in patients with MEI1 mutations? SUMMARY ANSWER: We identified several novel mutations in MEI1 causing new phenotypes of early embryonic arrest and recurrent implantation failure. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: It has been reported that biallelic mutations in MEI1, encoding meiotic double-stranded break formation protein 1, cause azoospermia in men and recurrent hydatidiform moles in women. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: We first focused on a pedigree in which two sisters were diagnosed with recurrent hydatidiform moles in December 2018. After genetic analysis, two novel mutations in MEI1 were identified. We then expanded the mutational screening to patients with the phenotype of embryonic arrest, recurrent implantation failure, and recurrent pregnancy loss, and found another three novel MEI1 mutations in seven new patients from six families recruited from December 2018 to May 2020. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Nine primary infertility patients were recruited from the reproduction centers in local hospitals. Genomic DNA from the affected individuals, their family members, and healthy controls was extracted from peripheral blood. The MEI1 mutations were screened using whole-exome sequencing and were confirmed by the Sanger sequencing. In silico analysis of mutations was performed with Sorting Intolerant From Tolerant (SIFT) and Protein Variation Effect Analyzer (PROVEAN). The influence of the MEI1 mutations was determined by western blotting and minigene analysis in vitro. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: In this study, we identified five novel mutations in MEI1 in nine patients from seven independent families. Apart from recurrent hydatidiform moles, biallelic mutations in MEI1 were also associated with early embryonic arrest and recurrent implantation failure. In addition, we demonstrated that protein-truncating and missense mutations reduced the protein level of MEI1, while the splicing mutations caused abnormal alternative splicing of MEI1. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: Owing to the lack of in vivo data from the oocytes of the patients, the exact molecular mechanism(s) involved in the phenotypes remains unknown and should be further investigated using knock-out or knock-in mice. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Our results not only reveal the important role of MEI1 in human oocyte meiosis and early embryonic development, but also extend the phenotypic and mutational spectrum of MEI1 and provide new diagnostic markers for genetic counseling of clinical patients. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFC1003800, 2017YFC1001500, and 2016YFC1000600), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81725006, 81822019, 81771581, 81971450, and 81971382), the project supported by the Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Major Project (2017SHZDZX01), the Project of the Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Commission (19JC1411001), the Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai (19ZR1444500), the Shuguang Program of the Shanghai Education Development Foundation and the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission (18SG03), the Shanghai Health and Family Planning Commission Foundation (20154Y0162), the Strategic Collaborative Research Program of the Ferring Institute of Reproductive Medicine, Ferring Pharmaceuticals and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (FIRMC200507) and the Chongqing Key Laboratory of Human Embryo Engineering (2020KFKT008). No competing interests are declared. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: N/A.


Assuntos
Azoospermia , Animais , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Mutação , Oócitos , Fenótipo , Gravidez
17.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 647130, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33898437

RESUMO

Oocyte maturation and fertilization are fundamental processes for successful human reproduction, and abnormalities in these processes will cause infertility. Recently, we identified biallelic mutations in CDC20 that are responsible for human oocyte maturation arrest, fertilization failure, and early embryonic development arrest. In this study, we screened for further CDC20 mutations in a new cohort of patients with abnormalities in oocyte maturation, fertilization, and early embryonic development. Through whole-exome sequencing, we identified the four novel mutations c.887G > A (p. Arg296Gln), c.964C > T (p.Arg322∗), c.1155G > C (p.Trp385Cys), and c.330 + 1G > A (p. Glu111Ilefs∗36) and one previously reported mutation c.965G > A (p.Arg322Gln) in CDC20 in four infertile individuals from three independent families. The patients had different phenotypes of oocyte maturation arrest and fertilization failure resulting from the different mutations. This study confirms our previous research and expands the spectrum of known mutations in CDC20, providing new evidence supporting the function of CDC20 in the genetic etiology of female infertility characterized by oocyte maturation arrest and fertilization failure.

18.
Insects ; 12(3)2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802990

RESUMO

Chitinases are of great importance in chitin degradation and remodeling in insects. However, the genome-wide distribution of chitinase-like gene family in Bemsia tabaci, a destructive pest worldwide, is still elusive. With the help of bioinformatics, we annotated 14 genes that encode putative chitinase-like proteins, including ten chitinases (Cht), three imaginal disk growth factors (IDGF), and one endo-ß-N-acetylglucosaminidase (ENGase) in the genome of the whitefly, B. tabaci. These genes were phylogenetically grouped into eight clades, among which 13 genes were classified in the glycoside hydrolase family 18 groups and one in the ENGase group. Afterwards, developmental expression analysis suggested that BtCht10, BtCht5, and BtCht7 were highly expressed in nymphal stages and exhibit similar expression patterns, implying their underlying role in nymph ecdysis. Notably, nymphs exhibited a lower rate of survival when challenged by dsRNA targeting these three genes via a nanomaterial-promoted RNAi method. In addition, silencing of BtCht10 significantly resulted in a longer duration of development compared to control nymphs. These results indicate a key role of BtCht10, BtCht5, and BtCht7 in B. tabaci nymph molting. Our research depicts the differences of chitinase-like family genes in structure and function and identified potential targets for RNAi-based whitefly management.

19.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 379, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33892705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a breast cancer screening programme that incorporates genetic testing using breast cancer associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), against the current biennial mammogram-only screening programme to aid in its implementation into the current programme in Singapore. METHODS: A Markov model was used to compare the costs and health outcomes of the current screening programme, against a polygenic risk-tailored screening programme, which can advise a long-term screening strategy depending on the individual's polygenic risk. The model took the perspective of the healthcare system, with a time horizon of 40 years, following women from the age of 35 to 74. Epidemiological and cost data were taken from Asian studies, and an annual discount rate of 3% was used. The model outcome was the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER), calculated from the difference in costs per quality-adjusted life year (QALY). Scenarios with varying risk thresholds for each polygenic risk group were examined. One-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were performed to assess parameter uncertainty. RESULTS: The ICER for a polygenic risk-tailored breast cancer screening programme, compared with the current biennial mammogram-only screening programme, was - 3713.80 SGD/QALY, with incremental costs < 0 and incremental effects > 0. The scenario analysis of different polygenic risk cutoffs showed that the ICERs remain negative, with all ICERs falling within the south-east quadrant of the cost-effectiveness plane, indicating that tailored screening is more cost effective than mammogram-only screening, with lower costs and higher QALYs to be gained. This suggests that a polygenic risk-tailored breast cancer screening programme is cost effective, entailing lower cost than the current mammogram-only programme, while causing no additional harm to women. CONCLUSION: Results from this cost-effectiveness analysis show that polygenic risk-tailored screening is cost effective with an ICER of - 3713.80 SGD/QALY. Tailored screening remains cost effective even across varying percentile cutoffs for each risk group. While the results look promising for incorporating polygenic risk into the current breast cancer screening programme, further studies should be conducted to address various limitations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Análise Custo-Benefício , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Mamografia , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Singapura/epidemiologia
20.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(2): 349-350, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33659674

RESUMO

Potentilla parvifolia Fisch. (Rosaceae) is one of the genuine medicinal materials in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. Here we report the first chloroplast (cp) genome of P. parvifolia using Illumina NovaSeq 6000 platform. The length of its complete cp genome is 152,898 bp, containing four sub-regions; a large single copy region (LSC) of 84,160 bp and a small single copy region (SSC) of 18,128 bp are separated by a pair of inverted repeat regions (IRs) of 25,305bp. The complete cp genome of P. parvifolia contains 130 genes, including 85 protein-coding genes, 37 tRNA genes, and 8 rRNA genes. The overall GC content of the cp genome is 37.2%. The phylogenetic analysis, based on 17 cp genomes, suggested that P. parvifolia is closely related to P. fruticosa L. and Fragaria species.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...