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1.
J Med Virol ; 94(1): 380-383, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403142

RESUMO

The durability of infection-induced severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) immunity has crucial implications for reinfection and vaccine effectiveness. However, the relationship between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) severity and long-term anti-SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody level is poorly understood. Here, we measured the longevity of SARS-CoV-2-specific IgG antibodies in survivors who had recovered from COVID-19 1 year previously. In a cohort of 473 survivors with varying disease severity (asymptomatic, mild, moderate, or severe), we observed a positive correlation between virus-specific IgG antibody titers and COVID-19 severity. In particular, the highest virus-specific IgG antibody titers were observed in patients with severe COVID-19. By contrast, 74.4% of recovered asymptomatic carriers had negative anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG test results, while many others had very low virus-specific IgG antibody titers. Our results demonstrate that SARS-CoV-2-specific IgG persistence and titer depend on COVID-19 severity.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , COVID-19/patologia , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções Assintomáticas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748146

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Insulin resistance and ß-cell dysfunction are fundamental defects contributing to type 2 diabetes development. Prior studies indicated that insulin resistance may be correlated with low responsiveness to clopidogrel. This study aimed to investigate the effects of ß-cell function on clopidogrel-induced platelet P2Y12 inhibition and the clinical outcomes of nondiabetic patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: Patients scheduled to undergo elective PCI and receive clopidogrel in addition to aspirin were recruited for this study. Homeostatic model assessment 2 of ß-cell function (HOMA2-ß%) was used to classify participants into quartiles. Thromboelastography (TEG) was used to calculate the quantitative platelet inhibition rate to assess clopidogrel-induced antiplatelet reactivity. The clinical outcome was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs). RESULTS: Of the 784 participants evaluated, 21.3% of them (169 of 784) had low responsiveness to clopidogrel. According to multivariate linear regression analysis, the first quartile of HOMA2-ß% (19.9-78.1), indicating greater ß-cell dysfunction, was independently associated with low responsiveness to clopidogrel compared with the fourth quartile (126.8-326.2) after adjustment for potential covariates [odds ratio 2.140, 95% confidence interval (CI) (1.336 to 3.570), P = 0.038]. In addition, at one year, the first quartile of HOMA2-ß% was associated with an increased risk of 1-year MACCE occurrence compared with the fourth quartile [adjusted hazard ratio 4.989, 95% CI (1.571 to 15.845), P = 0.006]. CONCLUSION: Increased ß-cell dysfunction, indicated by a low HOMA2-ß%, was associated with low responsiveness to clopidogrel and an increased risk of one-year MACCEs in nondiabetic patients undergoing elective PCI.

3.
Arch Environ Occup Health ; : 1-12, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748471

RESUMO

This study monitored the indoor air PAHs and PM2.5 exposure and their seasonal variations, so as to explore the potential health effects of household air pollution (HAP) on rural women's health in northwest China. It was detected that the average indoor PM2.5 and PAHs concentrations in the heating season were both significantly higher than those in the non-heating season (P<0.01). And they were positively correlated with the urinary 1-OHP levels respectively. Then the PAHs and 1-OHP were both significantly correlated with the urinary 8-OHdG levels (P<0.05). By statistical models, household PM2.5 and PAHs were closely related to urinary 1-OHP levels. Similarly, PM2.5, PAHs and 1-OHP all have significant effects with urinary 8-OHdG (P<0.05). Therefore, housewives in rural northwest China were exposed to higher HAP, and it could improve the risk for oxidative damage.

4.
Hepatology ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Interleukin (IL)-6 induced tumor progression has been well established via the induction of anti-apoptotic and proliferative genes. However, whether other mechanisms such as IL-6 regulation of circular RNAs (circRNAs) may also contribute to tumor development remains unknown. APPROACH & RESULTS: High-throughput RNA-seq was used to identify the differentially expressed circRNAs upon IL-6 stimulation in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) cells. CircRNA GGNBP2 (derived from ggnbp2 gene, termed as cGGNBP2) was upregulated by IL-6 treatment in a time and concentration-dependent manner. The biogenesis of cGGNBP2 was regulated by RNA-binding protein DHX9, which was also mediated by IL-6 exposure. Mass spectrometry and western blotting identified a novel protein-cGGNBP2-184aa encoded by cGGNBP2. cGGNBP2-184aa promoted ICC cell proliferation and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, cGGNBP2-184aa directly interacted with STAT3, phosphorylated STAT3Tyr705 , and played a positive regulatory role in modulating IL-6/STAT3 signaling. IL-6/cGGNBP2-184aa/STAT3 formed a positive feedback loop to sustain constitutive activation of IL-6/STAT3 signaling. Elevated cGGNBP2 expression was correlated with poor prognosis of ICC patients and was identified as an independent risk factor for patient prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that cGGNBP2-184aa, a novel protein encoded by IL-6 induced cGGNBP2, formed a positive feedback loop to facilitate ICC progression and may serves as an auxiliary target for clinical IL-6/STAT3-targeting treatments in ICC.

5.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 912: 174617, 2021 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748770

RESUMO

Salidroside has been shown to exert neuroprotective effects against hypoxia. However, its mitochondrial protective mechanisms still remain elusive. The present study aimed to explore the mitochondrial protection of salidroside on PC12 cells and the involved mechanisms. The hypoxic injury of PC12 cells was triggered by CoCl2 stimulus. The contents of LDH release, SOD, GSH-PX, Na+-K+-ATPase, ATP, NAD+ and NADH were determined by using commercial biochemical kits. Clark-type oxygen electrode and Seahorse XFe24 analyzer were employed to evaluate cell respiration and measure oxygen consumption rate (OCR), respectively. Mitochondrial swelling and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were measured by using isolated mitochondria from the brain tissue of mice. The proteins expression of cleaved Caspase-3, HIF-1α, ISCU1/2, COX10 and PFKP were tested by immunofluorescence and Western blot. While the genes expression of Caspase-3, HIF-1α, ISCU1/2, COX10 and miR-210 were tested by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis. Salidroside alleviated CoCl2-induced oxidative stress in PC12 cells as evidenced by increased cell viability, decreased LDH release and elevated GSH-PX and SOD activities. Salidroside could inhibit apoptosis by suppressing the level of cleaved Caspase-3 and Caspase-3. The enhanced mitochondrial energy synthesis by salidroside treatment was evidenced by the increases of Na+-K+-ATPase activity, ATP content, NAD+/NADH ratio, cellular respiration and OCR. In addition, salidroside could reduce mitochondrial swelling and MMP dissipation in isolated mitochondria. The results of immunofluorescence, Western blot and qRT-PCR analyses further revealed that salidroside raised the level of HIF-1α, ISCU1/2, COX10, and miR-210. Collectively, salidroside can reverse CoCl2-simulated hypoxia injury in PC12 cells partly by mitochondrial protection via inhibiting oxidative stress event, anti-apoptosis and enhancing mitochondrial energy synthesis.

6.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(20): 1513, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790719

RESUMO

Background: Lymph node ratio (LNR) has advantages in predicting prognosis compared with American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) pathological N stage. However, the prognostic value of a novel T stage-lymph node ratio (TLNR) classification for colon cancer combining LNR and pathological primary tumor stage (T stage) is currently unknown. Methods: We included 62,294 patients with stage I-III colon cancer from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program as a training cohort. External validation was performed in 3,327 additional patients. A novel LNR stage was established and combined with T stage in a novel TLNR classification. Patients with similar survival were grouped according to T and LNR stages, with T1LNR1 as a reference. Results: We developed a novel TLNR classification as follows: stages I (T1LNR1-2, T1LNR4), IIA (T1LNR3, T2LNR1-2, T3LNR1), IIB (T1LNR5, T2LNR3-4, T3LNR2, T4aLNR1), IIC (T2LNR5, T3LNR3-4, T4aLNR2, T4bLNR1), IIIA (T3LNR5, T4aLNR3-4, T4bLNR2), IIIB (T4aLNR5, T4bLNR3-4), and IIIC (T4bLNR5). In the training cohort, the novel TLNR classification had better prognostic discrimination (area under receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.621 vs. 0.608, two-sided P<0.001), superior model-fitting ability for predicting overall survival (Akaike information criteria, 561,129 vs. 562,052), and better net benefits compared with the AJCC 8th tumor/node/metastasis classification. Similar results were found in the validation cohort for predicting both overall and disease-free survival. Conclusions: This novel TLNR classification may provide better prognostic discrimination, model-fitting ability, and net benefits than the AJCC 8th TNM classification, for potentially better stratification of patients with operable stage I-III colon cancer; however, further studies are required to validate the novel TLNR classification.

7.
J Hepatol ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34793865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: To investigate the prognostic value and relevant mechanisms of tertiary lymphoid structures (TLSs) in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA). METHODS: We retrospectively included 962 patients from three cancer centers across China. The TLSs at different anatomic subregions were quantified and correlated with overall survival (OS) by Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analyses. Multiplex immunohistochemistry (mIHC) was applied to characterize the composition of TLSs in 39 iCCA samples. RESULTS: A quaternary TLS scoring system was established for intra-tumor region (T score) and peri-tumor region (P score) respectively. T score positively correlated with favorable prognosis (P<0.001), whereas a high P score signified a worse survival (P<0.001). Then, mIHC demonstrated that both Tfh and Treg cells were significantly increased in intra-tumor TLSs than peri-tumor counterparts (P<0.05), and Treg cell frequencies within intra-tumor TLSs were positively associated with P score (P<0.05) rather than T score. Collectively, the combination of T and P scores stratified iCCAs into four Immune Classes with distinct prognosis (P<0.001) that differed in the abundance and distribution pattern of TLSs. Patients displayed an immune active pattern had the lowest risk, with 5-year OS rates of 68.8%, whereas only 3.4% of patients with immune excluded pattern survived at 5 years (P<0.001). The C-index of the Immune Class was statistically higher than the TNM staging system (0.73 vs 0.63, P<0.001). These results were validated in an internal and two external cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: The spatial distribution and abundance of TLSs significantly correlated with prognosis and provided a useful immune classification for iCCA. Tfh and Treg cells may play a critical role in determining the functional orientation of spatially different TLSs. LAY SUMMARY: Tertiary lymphoid structures (TLSs) have been attracting extensive attentions as they are associated with favorable prognosis through activating endogenous anti-tumor immune response. However, their role in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) remains elusive. Herein, we comprehensively evaluated the spatial distribution, abundance, and cellular composition of TLSs in iCCA, and revealed opposite prognostic impacts of TLSs located within or outside tumor region. The heterogeneous distribution of Tfh and Treg cells within the spatially different TLSs might be determinant of their functional state. Successfully, the integrated analysis of TLSs stratified iCCAs into four immune subclasses with distinct clinical outcomes.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721636

RESUMO

This study explored the effect and mechanism of Yunnan black tea flavonoids (YBTF) on cognitive dysfunction in septic mice. The mice were induced sepsis, the serum was determined using kits, and the tissue was determined by qPCR assay. The Yunnan black tea flavonoids were checked using HPLC. The test results showed that compared with the model group, YBTF could increase the survival rate of the mice; meanwhile, YBTF could also increase the total distance travelled, number of stands, and number of groomings, as well as the number of times crossing the area in the target quadrant. Detection of nerve cells showed that YBTF could reduce the rate of nerve cell apoptosis caused by sepsis. YBTF also reduced the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the hippocampus of septic mice and increased the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) enzymes. YBTF could also upregulate the mRNA expression of SOD1, SOD2, CAT, and forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) and downregulate the mRNA expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB), p53, and SIRT1 in the hippocampus of septic mice. The animal experiment results showed that YBTF could improve the cognitive dysfunction of septic mice. The effect of YBTF was weaker than that of dexamethasone, but it could enhance the improvement effect when used in conjunction with dexamethasone. The component analysis results showed that YBTF contained 9 compounds, including catechin, gallocatechin gallate, rutin, hyperoside, epicatechin gallate, dihydroquercetin, quercetin, myricetin, and sulphuretin. From these results, YBTF could activate SIRT1 through its active compound components to improve the cognitive dysfunction of septic mice.

10.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(17): 1390, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733942

RESUMO

Background: Computed tomography-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) has emerged as a promising non-invasive substitute for fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurement. Normally, CT-FFR providing functional significance of coronary artery disease (CAD) by using a simplified total coronary resistance index (TCRI) model. Yet the error or discrepancy caused by this simplified model remains unclear. Methods: A total of 20 consecutive patients with suspected CAD who underwent CTA and invasive FFR measurement were retrospectively analyzed. CT-FFR and CT-(Pd/Pa)rest values derived from the coronary CTA images. The diagnostic performance of CT-FFR and CT-(Pd/Pa)rest were evaluated on a per-vessel level using C statistics with invasive FFR<0.80 as the reference standard. Results: Of the 25 vessels eventually analyzed, the prevalence of functionally significant CAD were 64%. The Youden index of the ROC curve indicated that the best cutoff value of invasive resting Pd/Pa was 0.945 for identifying functionally significant lesions. Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value and accuracy were 85%, 91%, 92%, 83% and 88% for CT-(Pd/Pa)rest and 85%, 58% 69%, 78% and 72% for CT-FFR. Area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) to detect functionally significant stenoses of CT-(Pd/Pa)rest and CT-FFR were 0.87 and 0.90. Conclusions: In this study, the results suggest CT-derived resting Pd/Pa has a potential advantage over CT-FFR in triaging patients for revascularization.

11.
Front Oncol ; 11: 749140, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778064

RESUMO

Background: To compare perioperative and oncological outcomes of pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma (PDAC) after laparoscopic versus open pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD vs. OPD), we performed a meta-analysis of currently available propensity score matching studies and large-scale retrospective cohorts to compare the safety and overall effect of LPD to OPD for patients with PDAC. Methods: A meta-analysis was registered at PROSPERO and the registration number is CRD42021250395. PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched based on a defined search strategy to identify eligible studies before March 2021. Data on operative times, blood loss, 30-day mortality, reoperation, length of hospital stay (LOS), overall morbidity, Clavien-Dindo ≥3 complications, postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), blood transfusion, delayed gastric emptying (DGE), postpancreatectomy hemorrhage (PPH), and oncologic outcomes (R0 resection, lymph node dissection, overall survival, and long-term survival) were subjected to meta-analysis. Results: Overall, we identified 10 retrospective studies enrolling a total of 11,535 patients (1,514 and 10,021 patients underwent LPD and OPD, respectively). The present meta-analysis showed that there were no significant differences in overall survival time, 1-year survival, 2-year survival, 30-day mortality, Clavien-Dindo ≥3 complications, POPF, DGE, PPH, and lymph node dissection between the LPD and OPD groups. Nevertheless, compared with the OPD group, LPD resulted in significantly higher rate of R0 resection (OR: 1.22; 95% CI 1.06-1.40; p = 0.005), longer operative time (WMD: 60.01 min; 95% CI 23.23-96.79; p = 0.001), lower Clavien-Dindo grade ≥III rate (p = 0.02), less blood loss (WMD: -96.49 ml; 95% CI -165.14 to -27.83; p = 0.006), lower overall morbidity rate (OR: 0.65; 95% CI 0.50 to 0.85; p = 0.002), shorter LOS (MD = -2.73; 95% CI -4.44 to -1.03; p = 0.002), higher 4-year survival time (p = 0.04), 5-year survival time (p = 0.001), and earlier time to starting adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery (OR: -10.86; 95% CI -19.42 to -2.30; p = 0.01). Conclusions: LPD is a safe and feasible alternative to OPD for patients with PDAC, and compared with OPD, LPD seemed to provide a similar OS. Systematic Review Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/#recordDetails.

12.
Front Physiol ; 12: 678838, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616305

RESUMO

Gardenia jasminoides Ellis is rich in geniposide, which can be transformed into the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agent genipin. Genipin exhibits greater efficacy than geniposide, but it is unstable and difficult to preserve. In this study, a mouse model for sepsis was established by cecal ligation and puncture, and then we explored the effects and mechanism of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (LcS) on the enhancement of the ability of geniposide to reduce sepsis and decrease inflammatory and oxidative levels in mice by the regulation of sirtuin type 1 (SIRT1). The mice were evaluated and analyzed by the open field test, Morris water maze test, flow cytometry, kit assay, qPCR, and western blot. The LcS + geniposide increased the survival rate in mice with sepsis, and increased the total travel distance, number of times the mice stood up, amount of time the mice spent grooming their fur, duration in the target quadrant, and crossing area number. The testing of mouse nerve cells showed that LcS + geniposide reduced the rate of nerve cell apoptosis caused by sepsis. LcS + geniposide also decreased the amount of inflammatory-related indicators of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß, and the oxidation-related levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the hippocampi of septic mice, and it increased the oxidase activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT). Additionally, LcS + geniposide increased the SOD1, SOD2, and CAT mRNA expression in the hippocampi of mice with sepsis and decreased the expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, NF-κB, and p53 mRNA. LcS+geniposide also increased the SIRT1 protein expression and decreased the Ac-FOXO1, Ac-NF-κB, and Ac-p53 protein expression in the hippocampi of mice with sepsis. We also observed that LcS + geniposide decreased the inflammatory and oxidative damage in the mice with sepsis. The effect of LcS + geniposide was similar to that of the drug dexamethasone and stronger than the effect of geniposide utilized alone. LcS also enhanced the ability of geniposide to activate SIRT1 and decrease the inflammation and oxidative stress in the septic mice, and it achieved an effect same with that obtained by the use of the drug dexamethasone.

13.
Front Oncol ; 11: 752236, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616686

RESUMO

Background: Robotic distal pancreatectomy (RDP) and laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) are the two principal minimally invasive surgical approaches for patients with pancreatic body and tail adenocarcinoma. The use of RDP and LDP for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains controversial, and which one can provide a better R0 rate is not clear. Methods: A comprehensive search for studies that compared robotic versus laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for PDAC published until July 31, 2021, was conducted. Data on perioperative outcomes and oncologic outcomes (R0-resection and lymph node dissection) were subjected to meta-analysis. PubMed, Cochrane Central Register, Web of Science, and EMBASE were searched based on a defined search strategy to identify eligible studies before July 2021. Results: Six retrospective studies comprising 572 patients (152 and 420 patients underwent RDP and LDP) were included. The present meta-analysis showed that there were no significant differences in operative time, tumor size, and lymph node dissection between RDP and LDP group. Nevertheless, compared with the LDP group, RDP results seem to demonstrate a possibility in higher R0 resection rate (p<0.0001). Conclusions: This systematic review and meta-analysis suggest that RDP is a technically and oncologically safe and feasible approach for selected PDAC patients. Large randomized and controlled prospective studies are needed to confirm this data. Systematic Review Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/#recordDetails, identifier [CRD42021269353].

14.
Oncogene ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621019

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for tumor progression, recurrence, and drug resistance. To identify genetic vulnerabilities of colon cancer, we performed targeted CRISPR dropout screens comprising 657 Drugbank targets and 317 epigenetic regulators on two patient-derived colon CSC-enriched spheroids. Next-generation sequencing of pooled genomic DNAs isolated from surviving cells yielded therapeutic candidates. We unraveled 44 essential genes for colon CSC-enriched spheroids propagation, including key cholesterol biosynthetic genes (HMGCR, FDPS, and GGPS1). Cholesterol biosynthesis was induced in colon cancer tissues, especially CSC-enriched spheroids. The genetic and pharmacological inhibition of HMGCR/FDPS impaired self-renewal capacity and tumorigenic potential of the spheroid models in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, HMGCR or FDPS depletion impaired cancer stemness characteristics by activating TGF-ß signaling, which in turn downregulated expression of inhibitors of differentiation (ID) proteins, key regulators of cancer stemness. Cholesterol and geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP) rescued the growth inhibitory and signaling effect of HMGCR/FDPS blockade, implying a direct role of these metabolites in modulating stemness. Finally, cholesterol biosynthesis inhibitors and 5-FU demonstrated antitumor synergy in colon CSC-enriched spheroids, tumor organoids, and xenografts. Taken together, our study unravels novel genetic vulnerabilities of colon CSC-enriched spheroids and suggests cholesterol biosynthesis as a potential target in conjunction with traditional chemotherapy for colon cancer treatment.

15.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 6359-6365, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675605

RESUMO

Purpose: Mean platelet volume (MPV) is an indicator of platelet activation. Pancreatic ß-cell dysfunction is one of the fundamental defects contributing to the development of type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between ß-cell dysfunction and MPV in nondiabetic patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients and Methods: A total of 1143 consecutive nondiabetic patients (874 males and 269 females; mean age 60.0±10.3 years) with CAD were recruited for this analysis. All patients were individuals who underwent coronary angiography with a suspicion of CAD. Homeostatic model assessment 2 (HOMA2) of ß-cell function (HOMA2-ß%) was performed, and ß-cell dysfunction was defined by a HOMA2-ß% in the lowest quartile. Results: MPV was significantly higher in CAD patients with ß-cell dysfunction than in controls [(10.6±1.0)fl vs (10.0±1.0)fl, P=0.011]. According to the multiple regression model, pancreatic ß-cell dysfunction was independently associated with MPV (ß=0.210, P=0.006) and age (ß=0.008, P=0.028). Conclusion: MPV was significantly elevated in nondiabetic CAD patients with ß-cell dysfunction compared to patients with normal ß-cell function.

16.
Front Public Health ; 9: 722604, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604160

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate how knowledge and practice of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) prevention measures affected concerns about returning to work among supermarket staff. Attitudes about the ability of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to prevent COVID-19 were also assessed. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Huanggang, Hubei Province, China from April 23 to 25, 2020. Participants were invited to fill out an electronic questionnaire on their cell phones. Results: The results showed that from 2,309 valid questionnaires, 61.5% of participants were concerned about resuming work. Major concerns included asymptomatic infection (85.01%) and employees gathering in the workplace (78.96%). Multivariate logistic regression indicated that the female gender, having school-aged children and pregnancy were risk factors for being concerned about resuming work, while good knowledge and practice of preventive measures were protective factors. Knowledge and practice of preventive measures were positively correlated. Among preventive measures, the highest percentage of participants knew about wearing masks and washing hands. Meanwhile, 65.8% of participants expressed confidence in the ability of TCM to prevent COVID-19, where 74 and 51.3% thought there was a need and a strong need, respectively, for preventive TCM-based products. Among them, 71.5% preferred oral granules. Regarding TCM as a COVID-19 preventative, most were interested in information about safety and efficacy. Conclusion: These findings suggested that promoting knowledge and practices regarding COVID-19 prevention can help alleviate concerns about returning to work. Meanwhile, TCM can feasibly be accepted to diversify COVID-19 prevention methods. Clinical Trial Registration:http://www.chictr.org.cn/, identifier: ChiCTR2000031955.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Atitude , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Retorno ao Trabalho , SARS-CoV-2 , Supermercados , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Front Psychol ; 12: 708342, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646196

RESUMO

Background: The occupation expectation of medical students can predict the possibility of their future employment in the medical industry, and empathy is the special ability of medical students in their study and career, which affects the development of their occupation expectation. Objective: To explore the relationship between resilience and subjective well-being between medical students' empathy and occupation expectation and their internal mechanisms. Design: Data were collected from October 2020 to March 2021 using a paper questionnaire survey. Subjective: 586 medical students at a key medical university in Yunnan Province were invited to complete the survey. Main Measures: The Basic Empathy Scale, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Subjective Well-Being Questionnaire, and Occupation Expectation Scale. Key Results: The empathy is intended to affect the occupation expectation of medical students through four paths. The direct path effect value is 0.073 (95% CI: 0.007∼0.217), the indirect path 1 effect value is 0.078 (95% CI: 0.022∼0.134), indirect path 2 effect value is 0.010 (95% CI: 0.005∼0.022), indirect path 3 effect value is 0.022 (95% CI: 0.0604∼0.039), all the confidence intervals do not contain 0, and the mediated effect ratio is 60.109%. Conclusion: Empathy has an impact on occupation expectation of medical students through the sequential mediating effects of resilience and subjective well-being. Medical colleges should fully consider the role of protective factors when cultivating and enhancing the occupation expectation of clinical medical students. Strengthening the intervention of emotional factors (empathy), self-regulating ability (psychological toughness) and cognitive factors (subjective well-being) is an important way to effectively establish professional values, improve occupation expectation of medical students and reduce the turnover rate of medical students.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711749

RESUMO

ABSTRACTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between CYP2C19 gene polymorphisms and the risk of cardiovascular events in the early stage and subsequent period after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) among patients who received clopidogrel. Between October 2015 and January 2017, CYP2C19 genotyped patients who were treated with clopidogrel after PCI were enrolled in this study. Included patients were categorized as non-loss-of-function metabolizers (NLOFMs), intermediate metabolizers (IMs) and poor metabolizers (PMs) based on CYP2C19 genotype. The primary outcome was a composite of any-cause mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal ischemic stroke and stent thrombosis occurring during exposure to clopidogrel. The rates of clinical outcome events were compared between CYP2C19 phenotypes. Landmark analyses were processed at 90 days and 1 year post-PCI. Of 1,341 patients, 161 (12.0%) had two copy of loss-of-function (LOF) alleles, 621(46.3%) had one LOF allele, and 559 (41.7%) had no LOF allele. At the 3-month follow-up, the primary outcome events were more frequent in carriers of two LOF alleles (5.6%) than in noncarriers (1.8%) (adjusted HR 2.944, 95% CI 1.184-7.321, p = 0.020). A similar finding was observed among in patients with acute coronary syndrome indications at the index PCI (adjusted HR 3.046, 95% CI 1.237-7.501, p = 0.015). These differences did not persist within the subsequent 9 months of follow-up, among either all-comers or subjects with acute coronary syndrome. In conclusion, these data demonstrate a higher risk for ischemic events in patients with two CYP2C19 LOF alleles who are prescribed clopidogrel, seen at 3 months following PCI, that is not sustained for 12 months.

19.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 165, 2021 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although adjuvant transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for resected hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) may improve survival for some patients, identifying which patients can benefit remains challenging. The present study aimed to construct a survival prediction calculator for individualized estimating the net survival benefit of adjuvant TACE for patients with resected HCC. METHODS: From a multicenter database, consecutive patients undergoing curative resection for HCC were enrolled and divided into the developing and validation cohorts. Using the independent survival predictors in the developing cohort, two nomogram models were constructed for patients with and without adjuvant TACE, respectively, which predictive performance was validated internally and externally by measuring concordance index (C-index) and calibration. The difference between two estimates of the prediction models was the expected survival benefit of adjuvant TACE. RESULTS: A total of 2514 patients met the inclusion criteria for the study. The nomogram prediction models for patients with and without adjuvant TACE were, respectively, built by incorporating the same eight independent survival predictors, including portal hypertension, Child-Pugh score, alpha-fetoprotein level, tumor size and number, macrovascular and microvascular invasion, and resection margin. These two prediction models demonstrated good calibration and discrimination, with all the C-indexes of greater than 0.75 in the developing and validation cohorts. A browser-based calculator was generated for individualized estimating the net survival benefit of adjuvant TACE. CONCLUSIONS: Based on large-scale real-world data, an easy-to-use online calculator can be adopted as a decision aid to predict which patients with resected HCC can benefit from adjuvant TACE.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Nomogramas , Prognóstico
20.
Proteomics ; : e2100115, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713569

RESUMO

Allotetraploid is a new species produced by distant hybridization between red crucian carp (Carassius auratus red var., abbreviated as RCC) and common carp (Cyprinus carpio L., abbreviated as CC). There is a significant difference in growth rate between allotetraploid and its parents. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is largely unknown. In this study, to find direct evidence associated with metabolism and growth rate in protein level, we performed quantitative proteomics analysis on liver tissues between allotetraploid and its parents. A total of 2502 unique proteins were identified and quantified by SWATH-MS in our proteomics profiling. Subsequently, comprehensive bioinformatics analyses including gene ontology enrichment analysis, pathway and network analysis, and protein-protein interaction analysis (PPI) were conducted based on differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) between allotetraploid and its parents. The results revealed several significant DEPs involved in metabolism pathways in liver. More specifically, the integrative analysis highlighted that the DEPs ACSBG1, OAT, and LDHBA play vital roles in metabolism pathways including "pentose phosphate pathway," "TCA cycle," and "glycolysis and gluconeogenesis." These could directly affect the growth rate in fresh water fishes by regulating the metabolism, utilization, and exchange of substance and energy. Since the liver is the central place for metabolism activity in animals, we firstly established the comprehensive and quantitative proteomics knowledge base for liver tissue from freshwater fishes, our study may serve as an irreplaceable reference for further studies regarding fishes' culture and growth.

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