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1.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 165, 2021 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although adjuvant transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for resected hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) may improve survival for some patients, identifying which patients can benefit remains challenging. The present study aimed to construct a survival prediction calculator for individualized estimating the net survival benefit of adjuvant TACE for patients with resected HCC. METHODS: From a multicenter database, consecutive patients undergoing curative resection for HCC were enrolled and divided into the developing and validation cohorts. Using the independent survival predictors in the developing cohort, two nomogram models were constructed for patients with and without adjuvant TACE, respectively, which predictive performance was validated internally and externally by measuring concordance index (C-index) and calibration. The difference between two estimates of the prediction models was the expected survival benefit of adjuvant TACE. RESULTS: A total of 2514 patients met the inclusion criteria for the study. The nomogram prediction models for patients with and without adjuvant TACE were, respectively, built by incorporating the same eight independent survival predictors, including portal hypertension, Child-Pugh score, alpha-fetoprotein level, tumor size and number, macrovascular and microvascular invasion, and resection margin. These two prediction models demonstrated good calibration and discrimination, with all the C-indexes of greater than 0.75 in the developing and validation cohorts. A browser-based calculator was generated for individualized estimating the net survival benefit of adjuvant TACE. CONCLUSIONS: Based on large-scale real-world data, an easy-to-use online calculator can be adopted as a decision aid to predict which patients with resected HCC can benefit from adjuvant TACE.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Nomogramas , Prognóstico
2.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(24): 7009-7021, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgery is the primary curative option in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, recurrence within 2 years is observed in 30%-50% of patients, being a major cause of mortality. AIM: To construct and verify a non-invasive prediction model combining contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) with serology biomarkers to predict the early recurrence of HCC. METHODS: Records of 744 consecutive patients undergoing first-line curative surgery for HCC in one institution from 2016-2018 were reviewed, and 292 local patients were selected for analysis. General characteristics including gender and age, CEUS liver imaging reporting and data system (LIRADS) parameters including wash-in time, wash-in type, wash-out time, and wash-out type, and serology biomarkers including alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, platelets, and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were collected. Univariate analysis and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to evaluate the independent prognostic factors for tumor recurrence. Then a nomogram called CEUS model was constructed. The CEUS model was then used to predict recurrence at 6 mo, 12 mo, and 24 mo, the cut-off value was calculate by X-tile, and each C-index was calculated. Then Kaplan-Meier curve was compared by log-rank test. The calibration curves of each time were depicted. RESULTS: A nomogram predicting early recurrence (ER), named CEUS model, was formulated based on the results of the multivariate Cox regression analysis. This nomogram incorporated tumor diameter, preoperative AFP level, and LIRADS, and the hazard ratio was 1.123 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.041-1.211), 1.547 (95%CI: 1.245-1.922), and 1.428 (95%CI: 1.059-1.925), respectively. The cut-off value at 6 mo, 12 mo, and 24 mo was 100, 80, and 50, and the C-index was 0.748 (95%CI: 0.683-0.813), 0.762 (95%CI: 0.704-0.820), and 0.762 (95%CI: 0.706-0.819), respectively. The model showed satisfactory results, and the calibration at 6 mo was desirable; however, the calibration at 12 and 24 mo should be improved. CONCLUSION: The CEUS model enables the well-calibrated individualized prediction of ER before surgery and may represent a novel tool for biomarker research and individual counseling.

3.
ChemistryOpen ; 10(5): 553-559, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945237

RESUMO

Photodecarboxylase from Chlorella variabillis (CvFAP) is one of the three known light-activated enzymes that catalyzes the decarboxylation of fatty acids into the corresponding C1-shortened alkanes. Although the substrate scope of CvFAP has been altered by protein engineering and decoy molecules, it is still limited to mono-fatty acids. Our studies demonstrate for the first time that long chain dicarboxylic acids can be converted by CvFAP. Notably, the conversion of dicarboxylic acids to alkanes still represents a chemically very challenging reaction. Herein, the light-driven enzymatic decarboxylation of dicarboxylic acids to the corresponding (C2-shortened) alkanes using CvFAP is described. A series of dicarboxylic acids is decarboxylated into alkanes in good yields by means of this approach, even for the preparative scales. Reaction pathway studies show that mono-fatty acids are formed as the intermediate products before the final release of C2-shortened alkanes. In addition, the thermostability, storage stability, and recyclability of CvFAP for decarboxylation of dicarboxylic acids are well evaluated. These results represent an advancement over the current state-of-the-art.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 272, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bile duct invasion is a relatively rare event and is not well characterised in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It remains very difficult to diagnose HCC with bile duct tumour thrombus (BDTT) before surgery. Increasing evidence has revealed that inflammation plays a critical role in tumorigenesis. This study aimed to develop nomograms based on systemic and hepatic inflammation markers to predict microscopic BDTT (micro-BDTT) before surgery in HCC. METHODS: A total of 723 HCC patients who underwent hepatectomy as initial therapy between January 2012 and June 2020 were included in the study. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent risk factors for micro-BDTT. The nomograms were constructed using significant predictors, including α-fetoprotein (AFP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), direct bilirubin (DB), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and γ-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT). The prediction accuracies of the nomograms were evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: AFP, ALP, DB, PNI, and γ-GT/ALT were independent risk factors for predicting micro-BDTT (P = 0.036, P = 0.004, P = 0.013, P = 0.012, and P = 0.006, respectively), which were assembled into the nomograms. The area under the ROC curve of the nomograms combining PNI and γ-GT/ALT for predicting micro-BDTT was 0.804 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.730-0.878). The sensitivity and specificity values when used in predicting micro-BDTT before surgery were 0.739 (95% CI: 0.612-0.866) and 0.781 (95% CI: 0.750-0.813), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram based on combining systemic and hepatic inflammation markers is suitable for predicting micro-BDTT before surgery in HCC patients, leading to a rational therapeutic choice for HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Colestase Intra-Hepática/epidemiologia , Icterícia Obstrutiva/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Nomogramas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Colestase Intra-Hepática/etiologia , Colestase Intra-Hepática/patologia , Colestase Intra-Hepática/cirurgia , Feminino , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Icterícia Obstrutiva/etiologia , Icterícia Obstrutiva/patologia , Icterícia Obstrutiva/cirurgia , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos
5.
Hepatol Int ; 15(2): 459-471, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33534082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence-based decision-making is critical to optimize the benefits and mitigate futility associated with surgery for patients with malignancies. Untreated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a median survival of only 6 months. The objective was to develop and validate an individualized patient-specific tool to predict preoperatively the benefit of surgery to provide a survival benefit of at least 6 months following resection. METHODS: Using an international multicenter database, patients who underwent curative-intent liver resection for HCC from 2008 to 2017 were identified. Using random assignment, two-thirds of patients were assigned to a training cohort with the remaining one-third assigned to the validation cohort. Independent predictors of postoperative death within 6 months after surgery for HCC were identified and used to construct a nomogram model with a corresponding online calculator. The predictive accuracy of the calculator was assessed using C-index and calibration curves. RESULTS: Independent factors associated with death within 6 months of surgery included age, Child-Pugh grading, portal hypertension, alpha-fetoprotein level, tumor rupture, tumor size, tumor number and gross vascular invasion. A nomogram that incorporated these factors demonstrated excellent calibration and good performance in both the training and validation cohorts (C-indexes: 0.802 and 0.798). The nomogram also performed better than four other commonly-used HCC staging systems (C-indexes: 0.800 vs. 0.542-0.748). CONCLUSIONS: An easy-to-use online prediction calculator was able to identify patients at highest risk of death within 6 months of surgery for HCC. The proposed online calculator may help guide surgical decision-making to avoid futile surgery for patients with HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Am J Surg ; 221(5): 1024-1032, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prealbumin is a more sensitive serum biomarker in reflecting liver function and nutritional status than albumin, because of its shorter half-life and its characteristics that could hardly be affected by supplemental venous infusion of albumin or blood transfusion. This study aimed to identify whether preoperative prealbumin level was associated with postoperative mortality and morbidity after hepatic resection for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: From a Chinese multicenter database, patients who underwent hepatic resection for HCC were divided into the low and normal prealbumin groups by using 17 mg/dL as the cut-off level for serum prealbumin taken within a week before surgery. Using univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses, independent predictors associated with postoperative 30-day and 90-day mortality, 30-day overall and major morbidity, and postoperative hepatic insufficiency were identified. RESULTS: Among 1356 patients, 409 (30.2%) had a low preoperative prealbumin level. Postoperative 30-day and 90-day mortality, and 30-day overall and major morbidity in the low prealbumin group were significantly higher than the normal prealbumin group (2.9% vs. 0.5%, 5.1% vs. 1.5%, 35.7% vs. 18.4%, and 14.4% vs. 6.5%, respectively, all P < 0.001). Multivariable analyses identified that preoperative prealbumin level, but not albumin level, was independently associated with postoperative 30-day mortality (OR: 3.486, 95% CI: 1.184-10.265), 90-day mortality (2.504, 1.219-5.145), 30-day overall morbidity (1.727, 1.302-2.292), 30-day major morbidity (1.770, 1.155-2.711) and postoperative hepatic insufficiency (1.967, 1.119-3.427). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative prealbumin level could be used to predict postoperative morbidity and mortality for patients treated with hepatic resection for HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Pré-Albumina/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estado Nutricional , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Período Pré-Operatório
7.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 5607-5618, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32753973

RESUMO

Background: With an increase in life expectancy and improvement of surgical safety, more elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), even with large tumors, are now considered for hepatectomy. This study aimed to clarify the impact of age on short- and long-term outcomes after major hepatectomy (≥3 segments) for large HCC (≥5 cm). Patients and Methods: Using a multicenter database, patients who underwent curative-intent major hepatectomy for large HCC between 2006 and 2016 were identified. Postoperative morbidity and mortality, overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were compared between the elderly (≥65 years) and younger (<65 years) patients. Univariable and multivariable Cox-regression analyses were performed to identify the risk factors of OS and RFS in the entire and elderly cohorts, respectively. Results: Of 830 patients, 92 (11.1%) and 738 (88.9%) were elderly and younger patients, respectively. There were no significant differences in postoperative 30-day mortality and morbidity between the two groups (5.4% vs 2.6% and 43.5% vs 38.3%, both P>0.05). The 5-year OS and RFS rates in elderly patients were also comparable to younger patients (35.0% vs 33.2% and 20.0% vs 20.8%, both P>0.05). In the entire cohort, multivariable Cox-regression analyses identified that old age was not independently associated with OS and RFS. However, in the elderly cohort, preoperative alpha-fetoprotein level >400 µg/L, multiple tumors, macrovascular invasion and microvascular invasion were independently associated with decreased OS and RFS. Conclusion: Carefully selected elderly patients benefited from major hepatectomy for large HCC as much as younger patients, and their long-term prognosis was determined by preoperative alpha-fetoprotein level, tumor number and presence of macro- or micro-vascular invasion.

8.
HPB (Oxford) ; 22(12): 1793-1802, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32456976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a recognized sequalae of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This study aimed to identify long-term survival and prognostic factors after curative resection for HCC among patients with chronic HCV infection. METHODS: From a Chinese multicenter database, the data of consecutive patients with HCV infection undergoing curative liver resection for initial HCC between 2006 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Postoperative 30-day mortality and morbidity, long-term overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were evaluated. RESULTS: Among 382 HCC patients with HCV infection, 68 (18%) had concurrent HBV infection and 110 (29%) had portal hypertension. Postoperative 30-day morbidity and mortality rates were 45% and 2.9%, respectively. The 5-year OS and RFS rates were 45% and 34%, respectively. Multivariable Cox-regression analyses identified that concurrent HBV infection, presence of portal hypertension, largest tumor size > 5 cm, and macrovascular and microvascular invasion were independently associated with worse OS and RFS, while postoperative regular anti-HCV therapy was independently associated with better OS. CONCLUSION: Long-term prognosis after HCC resection among patients with HCV infection was worse in those with concurrent HBV infection and concomitant portal hypertension. Postoperative regular anti-HCV therapy was associated with better OS.

9.
J Cancer ; 11(14): 4115-4122, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368294

RESUMO

Background and Aims: The prognosis of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) after radical resection is far from satisfactory, but the effect of postoperative transarterial chemoembolization (p-TACE) remains controversial. This multi-center retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical value of p-TACE and identify the selected patients who would benefit from p-TACE. Methods: Data of ICC patients who underwent radical resection with/without p-TACE therapy was obtained from 12 hepatobiliary centers in China between Jan 2014 and Jan 2017. Overall survival (OS) was set as the primary endpoint, which was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method before and after propensity score matching (PSM). Subgroup analysis was conducted based on the established staging system and survival risk stratification. Results: A total of 335 patients were enrolled in this study, including 39 patients in the p-TACE group and 296 patients in the non-TACE group. Median OS in the p-TACE group was longer than that in the non-TACE group (63.0 months vs. 18.0 months, P=0.041), which was confirmed after 1:1 PSM (P=0.009). According to the 8th TNM staging system, patients with stage II and stage III stage would be benefited from p-TACE (P=0.021). Subgroup analysis stratified by risk factors showed that p-TACE could only benefit patients with risk factors <2 (P=0.027). Conclusion: Patients with ICC should be recommended to receive p-TACE following radical resection, especially for those with stage II, stage III or risk factors <2. However, the conclusion deserved further validation.

10.
HPB (Oxford) ; 22(9): 1314-1323, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aging of the population and prolonged life expectancy have significantly increased the number of elderly patients undergoing hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, potential benefits, especially long-term oncologic outcomes of hepatectomy for elderly patients with HCC remain unclear. METHOD: Patients treated with curative-intent hepatectomy for HCC in 8 Chinese hospitals were enrolled. Patients were divided into the elderly (≥70 years old) and younger (<70 years old) groups. Overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and time-to-recurrence (TTR) were compared. Risk factors of CSS and TTR were evaluated by univariable and multivariable competing-risk regression analyses. RESULTS: Of 2134 patients, 259 (12.1%) and 1875 (87.9%) were elderly and younger aged, respectively. Postoperative 30-day and 90-day mortality was comparable among elderly and younger patients. Compared with younger patients, the elderly had a worse 5-year OS (49.4% vs. 55.3%, P = 0.032), yet a better 5-year CCS (74.5% vs. 61.0%, P = 0.005) and a lower 5-year TTR (33.7% vs. 44.9%, P < 0.001), respectively. Multivariable analyses identified that elder age was independently associated with more favorable CSS (HR 0.74, 95%CI 0.58-0.90, P = 0.011) and TTR (0.69, 0.53-0.88, P < 0.001) but was not associated with OS (P = 0.136). CONCLUSIONS: Age by itself is not a contraindication to surgery, and selected elderly patients with HCC can benefit from hepatectomy. Compared with younger patients, elderly patients have noninferior oncologic outcomes following hepatectomy for HCC.

11.
HPB (Oxford) ; 22(5): 677-689, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A clear definition of "early recurrence" after hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) resection is still lacking. This study aimed to determine the optimal cutoff between early and late HCC recurrence, and develop nomograms for pre- and postoperative prediction of early recurrence. METHODS: Patients undergoing HCC resection were identified from a multi-institutional Chinese database. Minimum P-value approach was adopted to calculate optimal cut-off to define early recurrence. Pre- and postoperative risk factors for early recurrence were identified and further used for nomogram construction. The results were externally validated by a Western cohort. RESULTS: Among 1501 patients identified, 539 (35.9%) were recurrence-free. The optimal length to distinguish between early (n = 340, 35.3%) and late recurrence (n = 622, 64.7%) was 8 months. Multivariable logistic regression analyses identified 5 preoperative and 8 postoperative factors for early recurrence, which were further incorporated into preoperative and postoperative nomograms (C-index: 0.785 and 0.834). The calibration plots for the probability of early recurrence fitted well. The nomogram performance was maintained using the validation dataset (C-index: 0.777 for preoperative prediction and 0.842 for postoperative prediction). CONCLUSIONS: An interval of 8 months was the optimal threshold for defining early HCC recurrence. The two web-based nomograms have been published to allow accurate pre- and postoperative prediction of early recurrence. These may offer useful guidance for individual treatment or follow up for patients with resectable HCC.

12.
HPB (Oxford) ; 22(2): 289-297, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Morbidity remains a common problem following hepatic resection. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between preoperative body mass index (BMI) and morbidity in patients undergoing liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Patients were divided into three groups according to preoperative BMI: low-BMI (≤18.4 kg/m2), normal-BMI (18.5-24.9 kg/m2) and high-BMI (≥25.0 kg/m2). Baseline characteristics, operative variables, postoperative 30-day mortality and morbidity were compared. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to identify independent risk factors associated with postoperative morbidity. RESULTS: Among 1324 patients, 108 (8.2%), 733 (55.4%), and 483 (36.5%) were low-BMI, normal-BMI, and high-BMI, respectively. There were no differences in postoperative 30-day mortality among patients based on BMI (P = 0.199). Postoperative 30-day morbidity was, however, higher in low-BMI and high-BMI patients versus patients with a normal-BMI (33.3% and 32.1% vs. 22.9%, P = 0.018 and P < 0.001, respectively). Following multivariable analysis low-BMI and high-BMI remained independently associated with an increased risk of postoperative morbidity (OR: 1.701, 95%CI: 1.060-2.729, P = 0.028, and OR: 1.491, 95%CI: 1.131-1.966, P = 0.005, respectively). Similar results were noted in the incidence of postoperative 30-day surgical site infection (SSI). CONCLUSION: Compared with normal-BMI patients, low-BMI and high-BMI patients had higher postoperative morbidity, including a higher incidence of SSI after liver resection for HCC.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , China , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
13.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 24(2): 320-329, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30617773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing worldwide. Higher perioperative risks may be anticipated due to underlying steatohepatitis, while long-term outcomes after liver resection are unknown. We sought to investigate outcomes after liver resection for NAFLD-HCC versus hepatitis B virus (HBV)-HCC using propensity score matching (PSM). METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent liver resection for HCC between 2003 and 2014 were identified from a multicenter database. Patients with NAFLD-HCC were matched one-to-one to patients with HBV-HCC. RESULTS: Among 1483 patients identified, 96 (6.5%) had NAFLD-HCC and 1387 (93.5%) had HBV-HCC. Patients with NAFLD-HCC were older (median age 57 vs. 50 years), more often overweight (50.0% vs. 37.5%), less often to have cirrhosis (30.2% vs. 72.5%) and liver dysfunction (Child-Pugh B: 4.2% vs. 10.7%), had larger tumor size (median 7.2 vs. 6.2 cm) yet had better tumor differentiation (27.1% vs. 17.6%) compared with patients with HBV-HCC (all P < 0.05). Perioperative mortality and morbidity were comparable between the two groups (1.0% vs. 1.4% and 20.8% vs. 23.2%, both P > 0.05). No differences were noted in median OS and RFS among patient with NAFLD-HCC versus HBV-HCC before or after PSM. CONCLUSION: While patients with NAFLD-HCC had different clinical characteristics than patients with HBV-HCC, liver resection resulted in similar perioperative outcomes and comparable OS and RFS among patients with NAFLD-HCC and HBV-HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Feminino , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Carga Tumoral
14.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(23): 1591, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33437790

RESUMO

Email: zhangchengwuzr@hotmail.com; Prof. Tian Yang, MD. Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Navy Medical University, Shanghai 200438, China. Email: yangtiandfgd@hotmail.com. Background: Identifying patients at high risks of developing postoperative morbidity is important to improve perioperative outcomes. We sought to define the accuracy of two objective and non-invasive serological-based scores, i.e., albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) and aspartate transaminase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), to predict postoperative morbidity among patients undergoing hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and build up a personalized predictive tool for clinical practice. Methods: Clinical data of patients who underwent hepatectomy for HCC at 8 hospitals from a multicenter database were retrospectively analyzed. The predictive accuracy of ALBI and APRI relative to 30-day overall and major morbidity were evaluated using area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC). Based on multivariable logistic regression analyses, preoperative and postoperative nomogram models and consequent online calculators were constructed to predict overall and major morbidity, respectively. Results: Among 2,301 patients, 725 (31.5%) experienced postoperative complications (major morbidity, 35.9%, 260/725). Multivariable analyses identified high ALBI grade (>-2.6) and APRI grade (>1.5) as independent risk factors associated with overall and major morbidity in both preoperative and postoperative prediction models. Two nomogram predictive models and corresponding online calculators that combined ALBI and APRI were subsequently constructed. The AUCs of the preoperative and postoperative models were 0.728 and 0.742 to predict overall morbidity, and 0.739 and 0.713 to predict major morbidity, respectively, which were much higher than those of Child-Pugh score and the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD). Using the bootstrap validation method, the resulting models were internally validated well. Conclusions: Preoperative ALBI and APRI scores can predict postoperative morbidity following hepatectomy for HCC. An easy-to-use online calculator that combined ALBI and APRI was proposed for individually predicting the probabilities of postoperative overall and major morbidity before and immediately after surgery, so as to provide useful information to inform conversations about surgical risks.

15.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 45(12): 2360-2368, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) categorizes a patient with performance status (PS)-1 as advanced stage of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and surgical resection is not recommended. In real-world clinical practice, PS-1 is often not a contraindication to surgery for HCC. The aim of current study was to define the impact of PS on the surgical outcomes of patients undergoing liver resection for HCC. METHODS: 1,531 consecutive patients who underwent a curative-intent resection of HCC between 2005 and 2015 were identified using a multi-institutional database. After categorizing patients into PS-0 (n = 836) versus PS-1 (n = 695), perioperative mortality and morbidity, overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were compared. RESULTS: Overall perioperative mortality and major morbidity among patients with PS-0 (n = 836) and PS-1 (n = 695) were similar (1.4% vs. 1.6%, P = 0.525 and 9.7% vs. 10.2%, P = 0.732, respectively). In contrast, median OS and RFS was worse among patients who had PS-1 versus PS-0 (34.0 vs. 107.6 months, and 20.5 vs. 60.6 months, both P < 0.001, respectively). On multivariable Cox-regression analyses, PS-1 was independently associated with worse OS (HR: 1.301, 95% CI: 1.111-1.523, P < 0.001) and RFS (HR: 1.184, 95% CI: 1.034-1.358, P = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with PS-1 versus PS-0 had comparable perioperative outcomes. However, patients with PS-1 had worse long-term outcomes as PS-1 was independently associated with worse OS and RFS. Routine exclusion of HCC patients with PS-1 from surgical resection as recommended by the BCLC guidelines is not warranted.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Feminino , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
Oncologist ; 24(8): e730-e739, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31127021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The long-term prognosis after liver resection for multinodular (≥3 nodules) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is generally considered to be unfavorable. However, the role of liver resection for binodular HCC is less investigated. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: From a multicenter database, consecutive patients who underwent curative-intent liver resection for binodular HCC and without macrovascular invasion between 2003 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients' clinical variables as well as perioperative and long-term survival outcomes were analyzed. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to identify the risk factors associated with overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) after curative resection. RESULTS: Of 263 enrolled patients, the perioperative 30-day mortality and morbidity rates were 1.5% and 28.5%. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS and RFS rates were 81.5%, 52.4%, and 39.1% and 57.1%, 35.8%, and 26.6%, respectively. Multivariable Cox-regression analyses identified preoperative alpha-fetoprotein level >400 µg/L, tumor size with a sum of two nodules >8 cm, tumor size ratio of large/small nodule >1.5 (asymmetrical proportion), unilateral hemiliver distribution of two nodules, distance of ≤3 cm between two nodules, and microvascular invasion in any nodule as independent risk factors associated with decreased OS and RFS. CONCLUSION: Liver resection was safe and feasible in patients with binodular HCC, with acceptable perioperative and long-term outcomes. Sum of two tumor sizes, size ratio and distribution, and distance between two nodules were independent risk factors associated with long-term survival outcomes after surgery. These results may guide clinicians to make individualized surgical decisions and estimate long-term prognosis for these patients. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Liver resection was safe and feasible in patients with binodular hepatocellular carcinoma, with acceptable perioperative and long-term outcomes. The sum of two tumor sizes, the size ratio and distribution of the two nodules, and the distance between two nodules were independent risk factors associated with long-term overall survival and recurrence-free survival after liver resection. The results of this study may guide clinicians to make individualized surgical decisions, estimate long-term prognosis, and plan recurrence surveillance and adjuvant therapy for these patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
HPB (Oxford) ; 21(8): 962-971, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30718183

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The resection margin (RM) status and microscopic vascular invasion (MVI) are known prognostic factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). An enhanced understanding of their impact on long-term prognosis is required to improve oncological outcomes. METHODS: Using multi-institutional data, the different impact of the RM status (narrow, <1 cm, or wide, ≥1 cm) and MVI (positive or negative) on overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) after curative liver resection of solitary HCC without macrovascular invasion was analyzed. RESULTS: In 801 patients, 306 (38%) had a narrow RM and 352 (44%) had positive MVI. The median OS and RFS were 109.8 and 74.8 months in patients with wide RM & negative MVI, 93.5 and 53.1 months with wide RM & positive MVI, 79.2 and 41.6 months with narrow RM & negative MVI, and 69.2 and 37.5 months with narrow RM & positive MVI (both P < 0.01). On multivariable analyses, narrow RM & positive MVI had the highest hazard ratio with reduced OS and RFS (HR 2.96, 95% CI 2.11-4.17, and HR 3.15, 95% CI, 2.09-4.67, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant having narrow RM and positive MVI increases the risks of postoperative death and recurrence by about 2-fold in patients with solitary HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Margens de Excisão , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Causas de Morte , China , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
HPB (Oxford) ; 21(2): 157-166, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30082212

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum prealbumin is a sensitive and stable marker for nutritional status and liver function. Whether preoperative prealbumin level is associated with long-term prognosis in patients undergoing liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is unclear. METHODS: Patients who underwent liver resection for HCC between 2001 and 2014 at six institutions were enrolled. These patients were divided into the low and normal prealbumin groups using a cut-off value of 170 mg/L for preoperative prealbumin level. The overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were compared between them. RESULTS: In 1483 patients, 437 (29%) had a low prealbumin level. The 3- and 5-year OS and RFS rates of patients in the low-prealbumin group were 57 and 31%, and 40 and 20%, respectively, which were significantly poorer than those in the normal-prealbumin group (76 and 43%, and 56 and 28%, respectively, both p < 0.001). Multivariable Cox-regression analyses revealed that preoperative prealbumin level was an independent predictor of OS (HR, 1.45, 95% CI: 1.24-1.70, p <0.001) and RFS (HR, 1.28, 95% CI: 1.10-1.48, p <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative prealbumin level could be used in predicting long-term prognosis for patients undergoing liver resection for HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Albumina Sérica Humana/análise , Adulto , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , China , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
19.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 23(2): 288-296, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30334177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the leading cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide. The aim of the study was to identify the incidence and predictive factors of actual 10-year survival following liver resection of HBV-related HCC. METHODS: A Chinese multicenter database of patients undergoing curative hepatectomy of HBV-related HCC was reviewed. Patients who survived ≥ 10 years and patients who died < 10 years after surgery were compared and analyzed. Univariable and multivariable regression analyses were performed to identify predictive factors associated with 10-year survival. RESULTS: Among all enrolled 1016 patients, the actuarial 10-year survival rate was 24.1%, while the actual 10-year survival rate was 16.6%. There were 169 patients who survived at least 10 years after surgery and 688 who died within 10 years from surgery. These patients constituted the study population of this study. Multivariable regression analysis revealed that cirrhosis, preoperative HBV viral load > 104 copies/mL, maximum tumor size > 5 cm, multiple tumors, macroscopic and microscopic vascular invasion, postoperative HBV reactivation, and early recurrence (< 2 years after surgery) were independent risk factors associated with actual 10-year survival, while postoperative antiviral therapy, regular recurrence surveillance, and curative treatments for initial recurrence were independent protective factors. CONCLUSIONS: The actual 10-year survival after curative resection of HBV-related HCC was calculated to be 16.6%. Postoperative antiviral therapy and regular recurrence surveillance were independent protective factors associated with actual 10-year survival after liver resection of HBV-related HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Previsões , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , China/epidemiologia , DNA Viral/análise , Feminino , Seguimentos , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
20.
JAMA Surg ; 154(3): 209-217, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30422241

RESUMO

Importance: Late recurrence (more than 2 years) after liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is generally considered as a multicentric tumor or a de novo cancer. Objective: To investigate the risk factors, patterns, and outcomes of late recurrence after curative liver resection for HCC. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study was a multicenter retrospective analysis of patients who underwent curative liver resection for HCC at 6 hospitals in China from January 2001 to December 2015. Among 734 patients who were alive and free of recurrence at 2 years after resection, 303 patients developed late recurrence. Data were analyzed from June 2017 to February 2018. Interventions: Liver resection for HCC. Main Outcomes and Measures: Risk factors of late recurrence as well as patterns, treatments, and long-term outcomes of patients with late recurrence. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to identify independent risk factors of late recurrence. Results: Of the included 734 patients, 652 (88.8%) were male, and the mean (SD) age was 51.0 (10.3) years. At a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 78.0 (52.8-112.5) months, 303 patients (41.3%) developed late recurrence. Multivariate analysis revealed that male sex, cirrhosis, multiple tumors, satellite nodules, tumor size greater than 5 cm, and macroscopic and microscopic vascular invasion were independent risk factors of late recurrence. Of the 303 patients with late recurrence, 273 (90.1%) had only intrahepatic recurrence, 30 (9.9%) had both intrahepatic and extrahepatic recurrence, and none had only extrahepatic recurrence. Potentially curative treatments were given to 165 of 303 patients (54.5%) with late recurrence, which included reresection, transplant, and local ablation. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that regular surveillance for postoperative recurrence (hazard ratio [HR], 0.470; 95% CI, 0.310-0.713; P = .001), cirrhosis (HR, 1.381; 95% CI, 1.049-1.854; P = .02), portal hypertension (HR, 2.424; 95% CI, 1.644-3.574; P < .001), Child-Pugh grade of B or C (HR, 1.376; 95% CI, 1.153-1.674; P < .001), Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage B (HR, 1.304; 95% CI, 1.007-1.708; P = .04) and stage C (HR, 2.037; 95% CI, 1.583-2.842; P < .001), and potentially curative treatment (HR, 0.443; 95% CI, 0.297-0.661; P < .001) were independent predictors of overall survival for patients with late recurrence. Conclusions and Relevance: Late recurrence after HCC resection was associated with sex, cirrhosis, and several aggressive tumor characteristics of the initial HCC. The patterns of late recurrence suggested surveillance for recurrence after 2 years of surgery should be targeted to the liver. Postoperative surveillance improved the chance of potentially curative treatments, with improved survival outcomes in patients with late recurrence.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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