Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 618
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591912

RESUMO

High-cost pixel-level annotations makes it appealing to train saliency detection models with weak supervision. However, a single weak supervision source hardly contain enough information to train a well-performing model. To this end, we introduce a unified two-stage framework to learn from category labels, captions, web images and unlabeled images. In the first stage, we design a classification network (CNet) and a caption generation network (PNet), which learn to predict object categories and generate captions, respectively, meanwhile highlights the potential foreground regions. We present an attention transfer loss to transmit supervisions between two tasks and an attention coherence loss to encourage the networks to detect generally salient regions instead of task-specific regions. In the second stage, we create two complementary training datasets using CNet and PNet, i.e., natural image dataset with noisy labels for adapting saliency prediction network (SNet) to natural image input, and synthesized image dataset by pasting objects on background images for providing SNet with accurate ground-truth. During the testing phases, we only need SNet to predict saliency maps. Experiments indicate the performance of our method compares favorably against unsupervised, weakly supervised methods and even some supervised methods.

2.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 183-188, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33573453

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) and gonadotropin-releasing analogues (GnRH-a) as pretreatments for the hysteroscopic transcervical resection of myoma (TCRM) for type 2 submucosal fibroids greater than 4 centimeters in diameter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-nine patients were assigned into two groups according patient preference: 42 in HIFU and 37 in GnRHa. TCRM was performed after 3 months of pretreatment with HIFU or GnRHa. RESULTS: Following pretreatment with HIFU or GnRHa, uterine-fibroid symptom (UFS) scores and hemoglobin levels (HGB) showed improvement. The fibroid maximum diameter, size of fibroids, and volume of the uterus were decreased. Following HIFU pretreatment, one case reported complete vaginal fibroid expulsion, and four reported partial fibroid expulsion. No similar cases were found in the GnRHa group. Eighteen patients were lost to follow-up prior to TCRM. Among the 31 patients in HIFU, the fibroids were downgraded to type 0 in 10 cases and type 1 in 5 cases. Of the 30 patients in GnRHa, the treated fibroids were downgraded to type 1 in 9 cases. The mean operation time and intraoperative blood loss of the HIFU group were significantly lower than those in the GnRHa group. No significant differences were observed in the incidence of intraoperative complications and the one-time resection rate of fibroids between the two groups (p>.05). CONCLUSIONS: HIFU seems to be superior to GnRHa as a pretreatment method prior to TCRM for type 2 submucosal fibroids greater than 4 centimeters in diameter.

3.
Adv Mater ; : e2005098, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577141

RESUMO

Although only a few 2D materials have been predicted to possess ferroelectricity, 2D ferroelectrics are expected to play a dominant role in the upcoming nano era as important functional materials. The ferroelectric properties of 2D ferroelectrics are significantly different than those of traditional bulk ferroelectrics owing to their intrinsic size and surface effects. To date, 2D ferroelectrics have been reported to exhibit diverse properties ranging from bulk photovoltaic and piezoelectric/pyroelectric effects to the spontaneous valley and spin polarization. These properties are either dependent on ferroelectric polarization or coupled with it for easy electric control, thus making 2D ferroelectrics applicable to multifunctional nanodevices. At present, cumulative efforts are being made to explore 2D ferroelectrics in theories, experiments, and applications. Herein, such theories and methods are briefly introduced. Subsequently, intrinsic and extrinsic origins of 2D ferroelectricity are separately summarized. In addition, invented or laboratory-validated 2D ferroelectric-based applications are listed. Finally, the existing challenges and prospects of 2D ferroelectrics are discussed.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of anlotinib combined with programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) blockade for the treatment of small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: SCLC (n = 28) and NSCLC (n = 177) patients who received treatment at Hunan Cancer Hospital between June 1, 2019, and July 1, 2020, were retrospectively analyzed. Progression-free survival (PFS) and treatment responses were compared among patients who received combination therapy of anlotinib plus PD-1 inhibitor, or monotherapy of either chemotherapy or PD-1 inhibitor. Independent prognostic factors were identified by Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Patients with relapsed SCLC who received anlotinib plus PD-1 inhibitor as a ≥ second-line therapy (n = 14) had a significantly longer PFS than those who received PD-1 inhibitor alone (n = 14, 5.0 vs. 3.0 months; P = 0.005). For patients with previously untreated wild-type NSCLC, the combination therapy in the first-line setting (n = 6) provided a marginally longer PFS than mono-chemotherapy (n = 6, 8.0 vs. 3.0 months; P = 0.075). For patients with relapsed NSCLC, the combination therapy in the ≥ second-line setting (n = 62) resulted in significantly higher objective response rate (19.3 vs. 5.0 vs. 2.4%; P = 0.013) and longer PFS (8.0 vs. 2.0 vs. 2.0 months; P <0.001) as compared to monotherapy of either chemotherapy (n = 41) or PD-1 inhibitor (n = 62). Anlotinib and PD-1 blockade combination therapy was an independent predictive factor of longer PFS (P <0.001). CONCLUSION: The combination of anlotinib and PD-1 inhibitor has promising efficacy and manageable toxicity as a second- or later-line treatment of relapsed NSCLC and possibly for relapsed SCLC.

5.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(2): 157, 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33542188

RESUMO

The homeobox protein cut-like 1 (CUX1) comprises three isoforms and has been shown to be involved in the development of various types of malignancies. However, the expression and role of the CUX1 isoforms in glioma remain unclear. Herein, we first identified that P75CUX1 isoform exhibited consistent expression among three isoforms in glioma with specifically designed antibodies to identify all CUX1 isoforms. Moreover, a significantly higher expression of P75CUX1 was found in glioma compared with non-tumor brain (NB) tissues, analyzed with western blot and immunohistochemistry, and the expression level of P75CUX1 was positively associated with tumor grade. In addition, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that P75CUX1 could serve as an independent prognostic indicator to identify glioma patients with poor overall survival. Furthermore, CUX1 knockdown suppressed migration and invasion of glioma cells both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, this study found that P75CUX1 regulated epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process mediated via ß-catenin, and CUX1/ß-catenin/EMT is a novel signaling cascade mediating the infiltration of glioma. Besides, CUX1 was verified to promote the progression of glioma via multiple other signaling pathways, such as Hippo and PI3K/AKT. In conclusion, we suggested that P75CUX1 could serve as a potential prognostic indicator as well as a novel treatment target in malignant glioma.

6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3253, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33547384

RESUMO

Tenofovir and entecavir are currently designated as the preferred oral antiviral drugs for chronic hepatitis B. However, only less than 40% of patients can achieve HBeAg seroconversion. We aim at investigating the role of intestinal microbiome in HBeAg seroconversion induced by oral antiviral therapy and describe multi-omics characteristics of HBeAg seroconversion associated intestinal flora. In this study, we prospectively collected fecal samples at baseline from the patients with HBeAg positive chronic hepatitis B who would have oral antiviral therapy. 16S rDNA sequencing and metabolomics were performed. We identified HBeAg seroconversion-related microbial signature and constructed prediction model for HBeAg seroconversion. Thirty-seven of these subjects achieved HBeAg seroconversion within 156 weeks after the initiation of oral antiviral therapy, while 41 subjects remained HBeAg positive even after over 156 weeks of therapy. A computational statistical and machine learning approach allowed us to identify a microbial signature for HBeAg seroconversion. Using random forest method, we further constructed a classifier based on the microbial signature, with area under curve being 0.749 for the test set. Patients who achieved HBeAg seroconversion tended to have lower abundance of certain fecal metabolites such as essential amino acids, and several dipeptides. By analyzing the fecal microbiota from the patients with and without HBeAg seroconversion, we showed intestinal microbiome play a critical role in HBeAg seroconversion induced by oral antiviral therapy. We also identified intestinal microbial signature that is associated with HBeAg seroconversion after oral antiviral therapy.

7.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 21(3): 1703-1710, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33404436

RESUMO

In this study, pulsed laser deposition method (PLD) was employed to grow MgxZn1-xO films on quartz substrates. The optimal deposition temperature of 300 °C for MgxZn1-xO film was decided and Mg0.38Zn0.62O, Mg0.56Zn0.44O and Mg0.69Zn0.31O films were grown respectively using MgxZn1-xO targets with different Mg contents (x = 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7). As-deposited Mg0.38Zn0.62O film possessed the mixed-phase (hexagonal and cubic phase) structure, appropriate band gap of 4.68 eV and smaller surface roughness of 1.72 nm, and the solar-blind photodetector (PD) based on it was fabricated. The key features of our PD are the cutoff wavelength of 265 nm lying in solar-blind band, lower dark current (Idark) of 88 pA, higher peak responsivity of 0.10 A/W and bigger Ilight/Idark ratio of 1688, which provide the new idea for the application of solar-blind PDs based on MgxZn1-xO films.

8.
Int J Surg Pathol ; : 1066896920985311, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412984

RESUMO

As the concept of clear cell sarcoma-like tumor or malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumor (CCS-LT/MGNET) has been widely accepted, primary CCS of the gastrointestinal tract (CCS-GI) is becoming a rare entity. In this article, we describe a case of primary CCS-GI that occurred in the ileum of a 65-year-old male to further illustrate its rare occurrence. Similar to CCS of soft tissue (CCS-ST), the tumor was composed of spindled to epithelioid cells displaying fascicular, nested, or pseudopapillary arrangement. The tumor cells had large round to ovoid nuclei with vesicular chromatin and prominent nucleoli, containing eosinophilic to pale cytoplasm. In contrast to CCS-LT/MGNET, immunohistochemical study also showed variable positivity of HMB45, melan A, and MiTF besides the strong and diffuse staining of S100 protein and SOX10. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using fusion probes identified EWSR1 and ATF1 genes rearrangement. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis further revealed EWSR1 exons9/8-ATF1 exon4 and ATF1 exon3- EWSR1 exon11 fusion genes. CCS-GI and CCS-LT/MGNET possibly represent 2 related entities of the same spectrum, which differentiate along 2 different pathways.

9.
Cancer Lett ; 500: 87-97, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33309780

RESUMO

A physiologically relevant glioma tumor model is important to the study of disease progression and screening drug candidates. However, current preclinical glioma models lack the brain microenvironment, and the established tumor cell lines do not represent glioma biology and cannot be used to evaluate the therapeutic effect. Here, we reported a real-time integrated system by generating 3D ex vivo cerebral organoids and in vivo xenograft tumors based on glioma patient-derived tissues and cells. Our system faithfully recapitulated the histological features, response to chemotherapy drugs, and clinical progression of their corresponding parental tumors. Additionally, our model successfully identified a case from a grade II astrocytoma patient with typical grade IV GBM features in both organoids and xenograft models, which mimicked the disease progression of this patient. Further genomic and transcriptomic characterization was associated with individual clinical features. We have demonstrated the "GBM-&Normal-like" signature to predict prognosis. In conclusion, we developed an integrated system of parallel models from patient-derived glioma cerebral organoids and xenografts for understanding the glioma biology and prediction of response to chemotherapy drugs, which might lead to a new strategy for personalized treatment for this deadly disease.

10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 269: 113698, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338590

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Nymphaea hybrida Peck is used as a traditional medicinal herb for treating pain and inflammatory diseases, and known for its ornamental value and as a hot drink. However, the effects of N. hybrida polar fractions on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced in vitro inflammation model and acute inflammation murine models have yet to be evaluated. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to elucidate the anti-inflammatory effects of N. hybrida ethanol extract (NHE) and its polar fractions: petroleum ether (PE), methylene chloride (MC), ethyl acetate (EA), methanol (ME), and water (WA). The underlying molecular mechanisms of active fraction in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 murine macrophages were further investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fractions with potential anti-inflammatory effects were screened using direct nitric oxide (NO) radical scavenging and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibition assays in vitro. The anti-inflammatory properties of potential fraction were evaluated in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells, xylene-induced ear edema, carrageenan-induced paw edema and xylene-induced Evans blue exudation of acute inflammation murine models. The regulation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways were investigated using western blotting and immunofluorescence. RESULTS: Compared to other polar fractions, NHE-EA displayed higher phenol and flavonoid content, and exerted greater activity in direct NO radical scavenging and COX-2 inhibition assay in vitro. NHE-EA markedly decreased the levels of inflammatory mediators, NO and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), by suppressing the over-expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and COX-2 in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. The NHE-EA fraction dose-dependently alleviated over-elevation of LPS-associated intracellular calcium and decreased the abnormal secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), IL-6, and interferon-γ (IFN-γ). The combination with NHE-EA effectively attenuated the activation and nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65, and the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK), and p38 kinases of MAPK pathways. NHE-EA could significantly ameliorate the degree of swelling of the mice ear and paw, the skin exudation of Evans blue and the excessive secretion of inflammatory cytokines. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrated that NHE-EA was the most active polar fraction of N. hybrida extracts. It inhibited the LPS-associated inflammatory response by blocking the activation of NF-κB and MAPKs pathways in RAW264.7 cells. It also effectively alleviated the inflammatory response of acute inflammation. These results indicated the role of NHE-EA as adjuvants and their potential role in alternative strategy for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.

11.
Talanta ; 223(Pt 1): 121721, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33303167

RESUMO

Fluorescence anisotropy (FA) has been widely applied for detecting and monitoring special targets in life sciences. However, matrix autofluorescence restricted its further application in complex biological samples. Herein, we report a near-infrared-II (NIR-II) FA strategy for detecting adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in human serum samples and breast cancer cell lysate, which employed NIR-II fluorescent Ag2Se quantum dots (QDs) as tags to reduce matrix autofluorescence effect and applied graphene oxide (GO) to enhance fluorescence anisotropy signals. In the presence of ATP, the recognition between NIR-II Ag2Se QDs labeled aptamer (QD-pDNA) and ATP led to the release of QD-pDNA from GO, resulting in the obvious decrease of FA values. ATP could be quantitatively detected in concentrations ranged from 3 nM to 2500 nM, with a detection limit down to 1.01 nM. This study showed that the developed NIR-II FA strategy could be applied for detecting targets in complex biological samples and had great potential for monitoring interactions between biomolecules in biomedical research.

12.
J Hazard Mater ; 401: 123388, 2021 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32653794

RESUMO

Boron (B) is indispensable for plant growth and has been reported in the mitigation of aluminum (Al) toxicity in different plants. This study focused on the efficacy of B in reducing Al toxicity to trifoliate orange seedlings in a hydroponic experiment. Boron supply had a positive effect on root length and plant growth-related parameters and attenuated Al-induced inhibition of plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) in conjunction with scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive x-ray spectrometer (SEM-EDS) revealed that B reduced Al accumulation in root cell wall, especially on pectin fractions (alkali-soluble pectin), accompanied by suppressing pectin synthesis, pectin methylesterase (PME) activity and PME expression. Furthermore, B application inhibited NRAT1 expression while increased ALS1 expression, indicating restraining Al transport from external cells to cytoplasm and accelerating accelerating vacuolar sequestration. The results were further demonstrated by transmission electron microscope-energy dispersive x-ray spectrometer (TEM-EDS) analysis. Taken together, our results indicated that B mainly promoted the efflux of H+ by regulating the plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity, and reduced the demethylation of pectin to weaken Al binding to carboxyl. More importantly, B alleviated some of the toxic effects of Al by compartmentalizing Al into vacuoles and decreasing the deposition of Al in cytoplasm.

14.
A A Pract ; 14(14): e01346, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295744

RESUMO

Dynamic right ventricular outflow tract obstruction is rare in the cardiac surgical population. Significant obstruction developing in the perioperative period can contribute to systemic hemodynamic instability. We describe 2 cases of dynamic right ventricular outflow tract obstruction that developed immediately after separation from cardiopulmonary bypass, due to temporary right ventricular epicardial pacing. Both patients had systemic hypotension which improved once ventricular pacing was discontinued. We discuss the recognition of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction as a contributing factor to hemodynamic instability, as well as the importance of identifying the underlying cause such as to institute appropriate management in these patients.

15.
Ther Adv Respir Dis ; 14: 1753466620977376, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33357117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Various prediction indices based on the single time point observation have been proposed in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but little was known about disease trajectory as a predictor of future exacerbations. Our study explored the association between disease trajectory and future exacerbations, and validated the predictive value of the modified and simplified short-term clinically important deterioration (CID). METHODS: This study was a multicenter, prospective observational study. Patients with COPD were recruited into our study and followed up for 18 months. The modified CID (CID-C) was defined as a decrease of 100 mL in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), or suffering exacerbations, or increase of 2 units in COPD Assessment Test (CAT) during the first 6 months follow-up. Simplified CID was defined when excluding CAT from the CID-C model. RESULTS: A total of 127 patients were enrolled in our final analysis. Compared with patients without exacerbations during the period of the 6th to the 18th month, patients with exacerbations were more likely to have frequent short-term exacerbations in the first 6 months (2.14 versus 0.21, p < 0.001). The short-term exacerbations were the best predictor for future exacerbations [odds ratio (OR): 13.25; 95% confidence interval: 5.62-34.67; p < 0.001], followed by the history of exacerbation before study entry, short-term changes in FEV1 and CAT. CID-C and Simplified CID were both significantly associated with exacerbations (OR: 7.14 and 9.74, both p < 0.001). The receiver operating characteristic curves showed that the Simplified CID had slightly better predictive capacity for future exacerbation than CID-C (0.754 versus 0.695, p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Disease trajectory, including both the CID-C and the Simplified CID had significant predictive value for future exacerbations.The reviews of this paper are available via the supplemental material section.

16.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 2020 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33369218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the functional effects of ATF1, WNT10B and GREM2 gene variants identified in individuals with tooth agenesis (TA). SETTINGS AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) were used as an in vitro model system to test the effect of TA-associated variants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plasmid constructs containing reference and mutant alleles for ATF1 rs11169552, WNT10B rs833843 and GREM2 rs1414655 variants were transfected into SHED for functional characterization of variants. Allele-specific changes in gene transcription activity, protein expression, cell migration and proliferation, and expression of additional tooth development genes (MSX1, PAX9 and AXIN2) were evaluated. Data analyses were performed using Student's t-test. P-values ≤ .05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Mutant variants resulted in significantly decreased transcriptional activity of respective genes (P < 0.05), although no changes in protein localization were noted. Expression of MSX1 was significantly decreased in ATF1- and GREM2-mutant cells, whereas PAX9 or AXIN2 mRNA expression was not significantly altered. Mutant WNT10B had no significant effect on the expression of additional TA genes. ATF1- and GREM2-mutant cells presented increased cell migration. Cell proliferation was also affected with all three mutant alleles. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that ATF1, WNT10B and GREM2 mutant alleles have modulatory effects on gene/protein function that may contribute to TA.

17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(22)2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228084

RESUMO

Polar auxin transport mediated by PIN-FORMED (PIN) proteins is critical for plant growth and development. As an environmental cue, shade stimulates hypocotyls, petiole, and stem elongation by inducing auxin synthesis and asymmetric distributions, which is modulated by PIN3,4,7 in Arabidopsis. Here, we characterize the MtPIN1 and MtPIN3, which are the orthologs of PIN3,4,7, in model legume species Medicago truncatula. Under the low Red:Far-Red (R:FR) ratio light, the expression of MtPIN1 and MtPIN3 is induced, and shadeavoidance response is disrupted in mtpin1 mtpin3 double mutant, indicating that MtPIN1 and MtPIN3 have a conserved function in shade response. Surprisingly, under the normal growth condition, mtpin1 mtpin3 displayed the constitutive shade avoidance responses, such as the elongated petiole, smaller leaf, and increased auxin and chlorophyll content. Therefore, MtPIN1 and MtPIN3 play dual roles in regulation of shadeavoidance response under different environments. Furthermore, these data suggest that PIN3,4,7 and its orthologs have evolved conserved and specific functions among species.

18.
Adv Mater ; : e2004632, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185899

RESUMO

High volumetric performance is a challenging issue for carbon-based electrical double-layer capacitors (EDLCs). Herein, collapsed N,S dual-doped carbon nanocages (cNS-CNC) are constructed by simple capillary compression, which eliminates the surplus meso- and macropores, leading to a much increased density only at the slight expense of specific surface area. The N,S dual-doping induces strong polarity of the carbon surface, and thus much improves the wettability and charge transfer. The synergism of the high density, large ion-accessible surface area, and fast charge transfer leads to state-of-the-art volumetric performance under the premise of high rate capability. At a current density of 50 A g-1 , the optimized cNS-CNC delivers a high volumetric capacitance of 243 and 199 F cm-3 in KOH and EMIMBF4 electrolyte, with high energy density of 7.9 and 93.4 Wh L-1 , respectively. A top-level stack volumetric energy density of 75.3 Wh L-1 (at power density of 0.7 kW L-1 ) and a maximal stack volumetric power density of 112 kW L-1 (at energy density of 18.8 Wh L-1 ) are achieved in EMIMBF4 , comparable to the lead-acid battery in energy density but better in power density with 2-3 orders. This study demonstrates an efficient strategy to design carbon-based materials for high-volumetric-performance EDLCs with wide practical applications.

19.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 247: 119108, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161263

RESUMO

AIM: Metabolites present in urine reflect the current phenotype of the cancer state. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) can be used in urine supernatant or sediment to largely reflect the metabolic status of the body. MATERIALS & METHODS: SERS was performed to detect bladder cancer (BCa) and predict tumour grade from urine supernatant, which contains various system metabolites, as well as from urine sediment, which contains exfoliated tumour cells. RESULTS & DISCUSSION: Upon combining the urinary supernatant and sediment results, the total diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of SERS were 100% and 98.85%, respectively, for high-grade tumours and 97.53% and 90.80%, respectively, for low-grade tumours. CONCLUSION: The present results suggest high potential for SERS to detect BCa from urine, especially when combining both urinary supernatant and sediment results.

20.
Front Genet ; 11: 591079, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33193731

RESUMO

Macrophages are key innate immune cells in the tumor microenvironment that regulate primary tumor growth, vascularization, metastatic spread and response to therapies. Macrophages can polarize into two different states (M1 and M2) with distinct phenotypes and functions. To investigate the known tumoricidal effects of M1 macrophages, we obtained RNA expression profiles and clinical data from The Cancer Genome Atlas Thyroid Cancer (TCGA-THCA). The proportions of immune cells in tumor samples were assessed using CIBERSORT, and weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was used to identify M1 macrophage-related modules. Univariate Cox analysis and LASSO-Cox regression analysis were performed, and four genes (SPP1, DHRS3, SLC11A1, and CFB) with significant differential expression were selected through GEPIA. These four genes can be considered hub genes. The four-gene risk-scoring model may be an independent prognostic factor for THCA patients. The validation cohort and the entire cohort confirmed the results. Univariate and multivariate Cox analysis was performed to identify independent prognostic factors for THCA. Finally, a prognostic nomogram was built based on the entire cohort, and the nomogram combining the risk score and clinical prognostic factors was superior to the nomogram with individual clinical prognostic factors in predicting overall survival. Time-dependent ROC curves and DCA confirmed that the combined nomogram is useful. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used to elucidate the potential molecular functions of the high-risk group. Our study identified four genes associated with M1 macrophages and established a prognostic nomogram that predicts overall survival for patients with THCA, which may help determine clinical treatment options for different patients.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA