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1.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 172: 578-589, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242792

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) is the leading cause of acute liver failure (ALF), which is characterized by GSH depletion, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. However, the specific mechanism of APAP-induced ALF remains to be clarified. In this study, we demonstrated that indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) aggravated APAP-induced ALF associated with excess lipid peroxidation, which was reversed by lipid peroxidation inhibitor (ferrostatin-1). Meanwhile, IDO1 deficiency effectively decreased the accumulation of reactive nitrogen species. Additionally, IDO1 deficiency prevented against APAP-induced liver injury through suppressing the activation of macrophages, thereby reduced their iron uptake and export, eventually reduced iron accumulation in hepatocytes through transferrin and transferrin receptor axis. In summary, our study confirmed that APAP-induced IDO1 aggravated ALF by triggering excess oxidative and nitrative stress and iron accumulation in liver. These results offer new insights for the clinical treatment of ALF or iron-dysregulated liver diseases in the future.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Dioxigenases , Falência Hepática Aguda , Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Animais , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/genética , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Dioxigenases/metabolismo , Hepatócitos , Ferro/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Falência Hepática Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Falência Hepática Aguda/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Oxidativo
2.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 148: 151-161, 2020 02 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877357

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a new regulated cells death manner defined as results of iron-dependent accumulation of lipid peroxidation. However, the specific mechanisms of regulating ferroptosis remain unclear. In our present study, we demonstrated that Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) played a central role in protecting hepatocytes against ferroptosis in autoimmunity-mediated hepatitis (AIH). The down-regulated Cav-1 in liver tissues, accompanied by ferroptotic events and RNS production, were contributed to the outcome of ConA-induced hepatic damage, which were rescued by ferrostatin-1 (an inhibitor of ferroptosis) in vivo and in vitro. Additionally, Cav-1 deficiency aggravated ConA-induced hepatocellular death and ferroptosis associated with excessive nitrogen stress response. Short hairpin RNA of Cav-1 in hepatocytes promoted ferroptosis and nitrative stress in response to erastin in vitro, which was ameliorated by Cav-1 over-expression. Meanwhile, administration of the iNOS inhibitor (1400W) or ONOO- scavenger (Fe-TMPyP), diminished reactive nitrogen species (RNS), remarkably reduced hepatocytes ferroptosis and attenuated ConA-induced liver damage. Furthermore, immune inhibition by gadolinium chloride (GdCl3), a well-known Kupffer cell depletor, elevated hepatic Cav-1 but inhibited ferroptosis and nitrative stress under ConA exposure. In conclusion, these data revealed a novel molecular mechanism of ferroptosis with the Cav-1 regulation was essential for pathogenesis of ConA-induced hepatitis. Downstream of Cav-1, RNS-mediated ferroptosis was a pivotal step that drives the execution of acute immune-mediated hepatic damage.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Caveolina 1/genética , Hepatócitos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Nitrogênio
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