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Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4252-4264, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467740

RESUMO

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine injections combined with antiviral wes-tern medicine in the treatment of influenza by Bayesian network Meta-analysis. Four Chinese databases(CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM) and three English databases(PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library) were retrieved by computer for randomized controlled trials(RCT) about the comparison between the combined administration of traditional Chinese medicine injections with antiviral western medicine(or with placebo) and the single administration of antiviral western medicine in the treatment of influenza, or the comparison between two different traditional Chinese medicine injections combined with antiviral western medicine in the treatment of influenza. The retrieval time was from the establishment of the databases to July 2020. Two researchers independently screen out the literatures and extracted the data according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The included studies were evaluated by the Cochrane 5.1 bias risk assessment tool, and data analysis was conducted by ADDIS 1.16.8 and Stata 14.0. A total of 49 literatures about 5 061 cases were included finally, involving six traditional Chinese medicine injections, namely Reduning Injection, Xiyanping Injection, Tanreqing Injection, Yanhuning Injection, Qingkailing Injection and Shuanghuanglian Injection. The results of network Meta-analysis,(1)in terms of total effective rate, 6 traditional Chinese medicine injections combined with antiviral western medicine was better than antiviral western medicine alone. In terms of probability sorting, Shuanghuanglian Injection combined with antiviral western medicine ranked first.(2)There was no significant statistical difference in adverse reaction rate among all groups, but Reduning Injection ranked first in the probability sorting, due to the least side effects.(3)In terms of antipyretic time, Yanhuning Injection, Xiyanping Injection and Tanreqing Injection combined with antiviral western medicine was better than antiviral western medicine alone and Xiyanping Injection ranked first in the probability sorting.(4)In terms of cough relief time, Qingkailing Injection and Tanreqing Injection combined with antiviral western medicine was better than antiviral western medicine alone and Qingkailing Injection was superior to Yanhuning Injection. Qingkailing Injection combined with antiviral western medicine ranked first in the probability sorting.(5)In terms of the length of hospital stay, Xiyanping Injection, Tanreqing Injection and Reduning Injection combined with antiviral western medicine was superior to antiviral western medicine alone, and Reduning Injection ranked first in the probability sorting due to the shortest hospital stay. Because of the small quantity and low quality of included studies, the results of this study shall be regarded cautiously and comprehensively. In the future, multi-center, large-sample and clinical randomized controlled trials shall be conducted to verify the results.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Influenza Humana , Antivirais , Teorema de Bayes , Humanos , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Metanálise em Rede
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