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1.
Crit Care Med ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714398

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Thyroid storm represents a rare but life-threatening endocrine emergency. Only rare data are available on its management and the outcome of the most severe forms requiring ICU admission. We aimed to describe the clinical manifestations, management and in-ICU and 6-month survival rates of patients with those most severe thyroid storm forms requiring ICU admission. DESIGN: Retrospective, multicenter, national study over an 18-year period (2000-2017). SETTING: Thirty-one French ICUs. PATIENTS: The local medical records of patients from each participating ICU were screened using the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision. Inclusion criteria were "definite thyroid storm," as defined by the Japanese Thyroid Association criteria, and at least one thyroid storm-related organ failure. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Ninety-two patients were included in the study. Amiodarone-associated thyrotoxicosis and Graves' disease represented the main thyroid storm etiologies (30 [33%] and 24 [26%] patients, respectively), while hyperthyroidism was unknown in 29 patients (32%) before ICU admission. Amiodarone use (24 patients [26%]) and antithyroid-drug discontinuation (13 patients [14%]) were the main thyroid storm-triggering factors. No triggering factor was identified for 30 patients (33%). Thirty-five patients (38%) developed cardiogenic shock within the first 48 hours after ICU admission. In-ICU and 6-month postadmission mortality rates were 17% and 22%, respectively. ICU nonsurvivors more frequently required vasopressors, extracorporeal membrane of oxygenation, renal replacement therapy, mechanical ventilation, and/or therapeutic plasmapheresis. Multivariable analyses retained Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score without cardiovascular component (odds ratio, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.03-1.46; p = 0.025) and cardiogenic shock within 48 hours post-ICU admission (odds ratio, 9.43; 1.77-50.12; p = 0.008) as being independently associated with in-ICU mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Thyroid storm requiring ICU admission causes high in-ICU mortality. Multiple organ failure and early cardiogenic shock seem to markedly impact the prognosis, suggesting a prompt identification and an aggressive management.

2.
Intensive Care Med ; 45(12): 1763-1773, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654079

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report the incidence, risk factors, clinical presentation, and outcome predictors of severe leptospirosis requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission in a temperate zone. METHODS: LEPTOREA was a retrospective multicentre study conducted in 79 ICUs in metropolitan France. Consecutive adults admitted to the ICU for proven severe leptospirosis from January 2012 to September 2016 were included. Multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) and hierarchical classification on principal components (HCPC) were performed to distinguish different clinical phenotypes. RESULTS: The 160 included patients (0.04% of all ICU admissions) had median values of 54 years [38-65] for age, 40 [28-58] for the SAPSII, and 11 [8-14] for the SOFA score. Hospital mortality was 9% and was associated with older age; worse SOFA score and early need for endotracheal ventilation and/or renal replacement therapy; chronic alcohol abuse and worse hepatic dysfunction; confusion; and higher leucocyte count. Four phenotypes were identified: moderately severe leptospirosis (n = 34, 21%) with less organ failure and better outcomes; hepato-renal leptospirosis (n = 101, 63%) with prominent liver and kidney dysfunction; neurological leptospirosis (n = 8, 5%) with the most severe organ failures and highest mortality; and respiratory leptospirosis (n = 17, 11%) with pulmonary haemorrhage. The main risk factors for leptospirosis contamination were contact with animals, contact with river or lake water, and specific occupations. CONCLUSIONS: Severe leptospirosis was an uncommon reason for ICU admission in metropolitan France and carried a lower mortality rate than expected based on the high severity and organ-failure scores. The identification in our population of several clinical presentations may help clinicians establish an appropriate index of suspicion for severe leptospirosis.

3.
Resuscitation ; 141: 104-110, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216431

RESUMO

AIM: To determine whether the urine biomarkers tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2) and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) can identify patients who will develop severe acute kidney injury (AKI) soon after cardiac arrest. METHODS: We performed a prospective, multicentre study in three French ICUs. The performance of [TIMP-2]*[IGFBP7] was assessed for urine samples collected a median [IQR] of 240 [169-315] minutes post-collapse. The primary end-point was severe AKI (KDIGO stage 3), within 48 h of admission. RESULTS: Of the 115 patients analyzed, 32 (28%) developed severe AKI. Eleven of these required renal replacement therapy. The median [IQR] baseline [TIMP-2]*[IGFBP7] level was higher in patients who developed severe AKI (1.57 [0.80-6.62] (ng/ml)2/1000) than in those who did not (0.17 [0.05-0.59] (ng/ml)2/1000; p < 0.001). The baseline [TIMP2]*[IGFBP7] predicted -severe AKI with an area under the curve [95% confidence interval (CI)] of 0.91 [0.84-0.95], an optimal cut-off value of 0.39 (ng/ml)2/1000, a sensitivity [95%CI] of 97% [84-100], and a specificity of 72% [61-82]. A cut-off of 2.0 (ng/ml)2/1000 yielded a specificity of 98% [92-100]. For predicting severe AKI, baseline [TIMP-2]*[IGFBP7] was significantly more discriminant than baseline SCr (AUC [95%CI]: 0.73 [0.63-0.84]; p = 0.005), and slightly but not significantly more discriminant than baseline UO (AUC [95%CI]: 0.86 [0.78‒0.94], p = 0.08) Combining the baseline [TIMP2]*[IGFBP7] with baseline SCr and UO significantly improved the latter markers' predictive performance. CONCLUSION: Urine [TIMP-2]*[IGFBP7] effectively identify patients with a risk of severe AKI. Below a cut-off of 0.39 (ng/ml)2/1000, the risk of severe AKI is low.

4.
Front Oncol ; 8: 232, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29974036

RESUMO

Introduction: The Warburg effect (WE) is an uncommon cause of type B lactic acidosis (LA) due to a deregulation of carbohydrate metabolism in neoplastic cells where lactic fermentation predominates over oxidative phosphorylation regardless of the oxygen level. Case presentation: We report the case of a 57-year-old man presenting with concomitant acute myeloid leukemia and type B LA with asymptomatic hypoglycemia. We did not find arguments for a septic state, liver dysfunction, or acute mesenteric ischemia. The WE was suspected, and chemotherapy was immediately undertaken. We observed a rapid and sustained decrease in lactate level and normalization of blood glucose. Unfortunately, we noted a relapse of acute leukemia associated with WE soon after treatment initiation and the patient died in the Intensive Care unit. Discussion: Some patients may present complications directly related to an underlying hematological malignancy. The WE is one of these complications and should be suspected in patients with both hypoglycemia and LA. We propose a checklist in order to help clinicians manage this life-threatening complication. Before considering WE, clinicians should eliminate diagnoses such as septic shock or mesenteric ischemia, which require urgent and specific management. Conclusion: The diagnosis of WE can be challenging for clinicians in the Hematology department and the Intensive Care unit. Prompt diagnosis and rapid, adapted chemotherapy initiation may benefit patient survival.

6.
Sci Immunol ; 3(24)2018 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29907691

RESUMO

Heterozygosity for human signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) dominant-negative (DN) mutations underlies an autosomal dominant form of hyper-immunoglobulin E syndrome (HIES). We describe patients with an autosomal recessive form of HIES due to loss-of-function mutations of a previously uncharacterized gene, ZNF341 ZNF341 is a transcription factor that resides in the nucleus, where it binds a specific DNA motif present in various genes, including the STAT3 promoter. The patients' cells have low basal levels of STAT3 mRNA and protein. The autoinduction of STAT3 production, activation, and function by STAT3-activating cytokines is strongly impaired. Like patients with STAT3 DN mutations, ZNF341-deficient patients lack T helper 17 (TH17) cells, have an excess of TH2 cells, and have low memory B cells due to the tight dependence of STAT3 activity on ZNF341 in lymphocytes. Their milder extra-hematopoietic manifestations and stronger inflammatory responses reflect the lower ZNF341 dependence of STAT3 activity in other cell types. Human ZNF341 is essential for the STAT3 transcription-dependent autoinduction and sustained activity of STAT3.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28717035

RESUMO

This retrospective cohort study included 53 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), with an average age of 69 years, without neurologic disorder before initiation of a continuous piperacillin infusion at the standard dose and who underwent piperacillin serum concentration monitoring. Among them, 23 developed a neurologic disorder for which the piperacillin causality was chronologically and semiologically suggestive. A concentration threshold of 157.2 mg/liter independently predicted neurotoxicity with 96.7% specificity and 52.2% sensitivity and may constitute a limitation when targeting less susceptible pathogens.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/induzido quimicamente , Piperacilina/toxicidade , Piperacilina/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Estado Terminal , Monitoramento de Medicamentos , Enterobacteriaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Enterobacteriaceae/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Infusões Intra-Arteriais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Penicilânico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Penicilânico/uso terapêutico , Piperacilina/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tazobactam
8.
Crit Care Med ; 45(7): e640-e648, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28398925

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Solid neoplasms can be directly responsible for organ failures at the time of diagnosis or relapse. The management of such specific complications relies on urgent chemotherapy and eventual instrumental or surgical procedures, combined with advanced life support. We conducted a multicenter study to address the prognosis of this condition. DESIGN: A multicenter retrospective (2001-2015) chart review. SETTING: Medical and respiratory ICUs. PATIENTS: Adult patients who received urgent chemotherapy in the ICU for organ failure related to solid neoplasms were included. The modalities of chemotherapy, requirements of adjuvant instrumental or surgical procedures, and organ supports were collected. Endpoints were short- and long-term survival rates. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: One hundred thirty-six patients were included. Lung cancer was the most common malignancy distributed into small cell lung cancer (n = 57) and non-small cell lung cancer (n = 33). The main reason for ICU admission was acute respiratory failure in 111 patients (81.6%), of whom 89 required invasive mechanical ventilation. Compression and tissue infiltration by tumor cells were the leading mechanisms resulting in organ involvement in 78 (57.4%) and 47 (34.6%) patients. The overall in-ICU, in-hospital, 6-month, and 1-year mortality rates were 37%, 58%, 74%, and 88%, respectively. Small cell lung cancer was identified as an independent predictor of hospital survival. However, this gain in survival was not sustained since the 1-year survival rates of small cell lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, and non-lung cancer patients all dropped below 20%. CONCLUSIONS: Urgent chemotherapy along with aggressive management of organ failures in the ICU can be lifesaving in very selected cancer patients, most especially with small cell lung cancer, although the long-term survival is hardly sustainable.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida/métodos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , APACHE , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Comorbidade , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Neoplasias/terapia , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
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