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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(22): 4806-4812, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872586

RESUMO

Through the comparative study on the appearance characters and internal structure of cultivated and wild Ganoderma lucidum in Huoshan,this paper provides a reference for the further study of G. lucidum. In this study,the similarities and differences between cultivated G. lucidum " Huozhi No. 1" and wild G. lucidum in Huoshan were compared by means of character observation,optical microscopy and scanning electron microscope( SEM). The results showed that the pileus color of " Huozhi No. 1" was yellowish brown and thicker,while that of wild G. lucidum was mainly reddish brown,the context was thinner,and there were gravel and rotten wood at the bottom of the stipe. A clear skeletal hyphae and binding hyphae were observed in cultivated and wild G. lucidum,but there was no significant difference. The shell layer,context layer,mediostratum layer and spores of cultivated and wild G. lucidum were observed by SEM,and the results showed that there was no significant difference. It was found that the mediostratum of " Huozhi No. 1" was thin and irregular,while the mediostratum of wild G. lucidum was neat and compact. There were two types of spores in wild G. lucidum,one of which retained the outer wall of spore type Ⅰ,with tiny pores on the surface. The other is type Ⅱ spores with many spinous processes on the surface,which may be formed by type Ⅰ spores falling off the outwall. In this study,the appearance characters and internal structure of cultivated and wild G. lucidum in Huoshan were systematically observed and compared,which provided theoretical basis and reference for the identification and quality evaluation of cultivated and wild G. lucidum.


Assuntos
Ganoderma , Hifas , Reishi
2.
Molecules ; 24(24)2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842368

RESUMO

The accumulation of chemical constituents of some medicinal plants, such as Paeonia ostii T. Hong et J. X. Zhang, Houpoëa officinalis (Rehder and E. H. Wilson) N. H. Xia and C. Y. Wu. and Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC, can precipitate on the surface and form frosts after natural or artificial intervention. The characteristics of these three medicinal plants and their frosts were analyzed by light microscope, polarizing microscope, stereomicroscope, and metalloscope. The results of ordinary Raman of P. ostii and H. officinalis showed that the frosts of P. ostii matched paeonol, while that of H. officinalis matched magnolol and honokiol. In P. ostii and its frost, 19 peaks were identified by UPLC-Q/TOF-MS, and the main component was paeonol. Eleven components were identified in H. officinalis and its frosts, and the main components were magnolol and honokiol. A. lancea and its frosts were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), 21 were identified, and its main components were hinesol and ß-eudesmol. These three medicinal plants accumulate compounds and precipitate frosts on the surface. The results show that the components of the frosts provide a basis for quality evaluation and research on similar medicinal plants, and reveals the scientific connotation of "taking the medicinal materials' precipitated frosts as the best" of P. ostii, H. officinalis, and A. lancea, to some extent.

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3261-3267, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602881

RESUMO

To establish a DNA molecular markers method for identification of Corydalis yanhusuo,C. turtschaninovii and C. decumbens,the mat K,trn G and psb A-trn H sequences of 56 samples from 14 species of C. yanhusuo,C. turtschaninovii,C. decumbens and their related species were obtained by sequencing. The SNP loci were obtained by Bio Edit 7. 2. 2 software. The primers for AS-PCR identification were designed based on the mutation sites,and the conditions of PCR were optimized to identify C. yanhusuo,C. turtschaninovii,and C. decumbens according to the specific bands. The results showed that the amount of template( 0. 6-1 200 ng)and annealing temperature( 42-60 ℃) had little influence on the amplification results,and the number of cycles had much influence on the amplification results. When the number of cycles was 20,the specific bands of 297 bp( mat K),353 bp( trn G) and 544 bp( mat K) were amplified from C. yanhusuo,C. turtschaninovii and C. decumbens,respectively. The method established in this study had a minimum detection limit of 6 ng for C. yanhusuo,60 ng for C. decumbens and less than 0. 6 ng for C. turtschaninovii. Thus,the allelespecific PCR method established in the research can specifically identify C. yanhusuo,C. turtschaninovii,and C. decumbens.


Assuntos
Corydalis/classificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Alelos , Corydalis/genética , Genes de Plantas , Marcadores Genéticos
4.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 166: 406-420, 2019 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711810

RESUMO

Relationships among Fallopia multiflora (Thunb.) Haraldson., F. multiflora var. angulata (S. Y. Liu) H. J. Yan, Z. J. Fang & Shi Xiao Yu., and F. multiflora var. ciliinervis (Nakai) Yonekura & H. Ohashi. were determined based on macroscopic and microscopic morphology, molecular phylogeny, and chemical analysis. The macroscopic and microscopic morphologies of root tubers or rhizomes, stems, and leaves were compared among the three taxa. The content of 11 chemical components (catechin, polydatin, stilbene glucoside, emodin, emodin-8-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside, rhein, chrysophanol, aloe-emodin, quercetin, physcion, and resveratrol) in the three taxa was determined by HPLC, and the chemical diversity was further evaluated by principal component and hierarchical cluster analyses. Molecular phylogenies were mapped using two chloroplast markers (matK and the psbA-trnH intergenic region) and a nuclear ribosomal marker [internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) region]. Analyses of macroscopic and microscopic morphological characteristics revealed that the subterranean organs of F. multiflora and F. multiflora var. angulata are root tubers, whereas those of F. multiflora var. ciliinervis are rhizomes. In the phylogenetic trees, F. multiflora and F. multiflora var. angulata were clustered into a clade based on the combine matK + psbA-trnH sequence, with neighbour-joining, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian inference bootstrap support values of 99, 85, and 0.99, respectively. In addition, there were obvious differences in the chemical compositions of F. multiflora, F. multiflora var. angulata and F. multiflora var. ciliinervis. The root tubers of F. multiflora contain higher levels of stilbene glucoside and catechin, but lower levels of polydatin and anthraquinone compounds. In contrast to F. multiflora, the rhizomes of F. multiflora var. ciliinervis contain higher levels of polydatin and anthraquinone compounds, but lack stilbene glucoside. The content of all 11 assessed components was lower in F. multiflora var. angulata than in F. multiflora and F. multiflora var. cillinervis. Principal component and hierarchical cluster analyses revealed that F. multiflora and F. multiflora var. angulata individuals were clustered into a single clade, whereas F. multiflora var. ciliinervis individuals were clustered into a single clade separate from that containing F. multiflora and F. multiflora var. angulata individuals. On the basis of the results of our morphological, molecular phylogeny, and chemical analyses, we tentatively conclude that F. multiflora var. ciliinervis is an independent species, whereas F. multiflora var. angulata should be considered as a variety of F. multiflora.


Assuntos
DNA de Plantas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Fallopia multiflora/anatomia & histologia , Fallopia multiflora/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Análise por Conglomerados , Fallopia multiflora/classificação , Fallopia multiflora/genética , Limite de Detecção , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Microscopia de Polarização , Fotomicrografia , Filogenia , Análise de Componente Principal , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade da Espécie
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(12): 2624-2627, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29950086

RESUMO

"Xishuang" is a special phenomenon that chemical composition of medicinal materials crystallize on the surface exposed to air for a long time. We summarized Herbal textual research of "Xishuang" phenomenon of six herbs, such as Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus, Moutan Cortex, Atractylodis Rhizoma, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex, dried persimmon frost and watermelon frost. From historical perspective, cream of Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus was firstly discovered in Lei Gong's Moxibustion Theory. Thereafter, dried persimmon frost was found in Song Dynasty, which was named "white persimmon" in Ben Cao Tu Jing and had become an independent medicine in Compendium of Materia Medica. Then, watermelon frost was found in Yang Yi Da Quan of the Qing Dynasty, and Moutan Cortex's "sand star" was recorded in Zeng Ding Wei Yao Tiao Bian of the Republic of China. After that, "Xishuang" phenomenon of Atractylodis Rhizomaand Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex were reported in 1950s and 1960s in succession. The pattern of "Xishuang" is divided into different type, natural "Xishuang" includes Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus, Moutan Cortex, Atractylodis Rhizoma and Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex, artificial "Xishuang" includes watermelon frost, and dried persimmon frost formed crystals by using artificial intervention. The above 6 kinds of herbs have different crystal structure and chemical composition. Therefore, according to traditional identification experience, "Xishuang" phenomenon is related to varieties and quality of medicinal herbs. These research provide herbalism basis for the modern study of "Xishuang" medicinal materials.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Plantas Medicinais , Atractylodes , China , Diospyros , Medicina Herbária , Magnolia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Paeonia , Rizoma , Schisandra
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(19): 3723-3727, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29235286

RESUMO

The growth years of medicinal materials are closely related to their quality, and "Herb-chronology" has been used to determine the growth years of perennial dicotyledonous plants in recent years. On the basis of conventional paraffin section and freehand section, the anatomical study on roots of seven Sect. Paeonia species and main roots of cultivated Paeonia lactiflora was conducted in this paper. The results showed that, there existed some differences in microstructure of the seven species such as P. lactiflora, P. obovata, P. veitchii, P. mairei, P. anomala, P. sinjiangensis and P. anomala var. intermedia, and this could be used to distinguish different species. In the roots of seven Sect. Paeonia species, distinct growth rings were formed because that the different diameters or density of xylem vessels in the secondary xylem formed clusters and arranged interrupted rings in tangential direction. There were growth rings in the main roots of P. lactiflora cultivated 1-4 years in Siping, Jilin, which were all consistent with their growth years. Due to the similar growth characteristics between wild Sect. Paeonia species and cultivated P. lactiflora, the growth rings can provide a basis for the age identification and lay the foundation for the quality evaluation of Paeoniae Radix Rubra.


Assuntos
Paeonia/classificação , Paeonia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plantas Medicinais/classificação , Plantas Medicinais/crescimento & desenvolvimento
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(5): 896-901, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28994532

RESUMO

Based on rDNA ITS sequences of Dendrobium officinale and the other 69 species of Dendrobium, a pair of dismatched allele-specific diagnostic primers, TPSH-AS1F and TPSH-AS1R were designed to authenticate D. officinale from the other species. Thebidirectional PCR amplification were performed using the diagnostic primers with the total DNAs of the original plants or processing products as a template. When the annealing temperature was raised to 60 ℃, only the template DNA of D. officinale could be amplified whereas the diagnostic PCRs of the other Dendrobium species were all negative. Compared with the other authentification methods, the bidirectional PCR amplifications is not only simpler and time-saving but practical and effective.


Assuntos
Dendrobium/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Alelos , Primers do DNA , DNA de Plantas/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Dendrobium/classificação , Plantas Medicinais/classificação , Plantas Medicinais/genética
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(9): 1623-1627, 2017 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29082679

RESUMO

Anhui is located in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Plain, its across warm temperate zone and subtropics. The mountain and water next to each other, which leads to Chinese medicine resources ranked first in East China. The utilization of traditional Chinese medicine resources in Anhui has a long history, which could date back to the publishing time of Ming Yi Bie Lu (Appendant Records of Famous Physicians). And the kinds of traditional Chinese medicine in Song Dynasty ups to 80. There are also some differences in the distribution of various geographical units in terms of the types: Jianghuai hilly region's ups to 64, 25 in Wannan mountainous area, the species in Dabie Mountains and Huaibei plain are 16 and 14 respectively. In addition, the Jianghuai hilly region's and Wannan mountainous area have a long history among of them, which have been reached a peak in the Song Dynasty. The history of native medicinal materials in Anhui recorded in different periods, though combing herbal books. And the results showed that the vast majority of varieties in ancient are the same as modern ones, which provide the historical basis for the rich bulk medicinal materials in Anhui. The distinctions in natural and social environment of different geographical units have effects on the history of the usage of Chinese medicine resources in respective regions. Thus, the variety and distribution of native medicinal materials in Anhui among the Bencao works of different period provides herbalism basis for the protection and utilization of Chinese medicine resources currently.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/história , Medicina Herbária/história , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/história , Livros , China , História Antiga , Materia Medica
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(9): 1646-1651, 2017 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29082684

RESUMO

"Assessing the quality by distinguishing features of traditional Chinese medicinal materials" is a characteristic quality evaluation system of traditional Chinese medicine, and it is also the basis of "Rating according to characters and setting the price by the grade" on the market. Astragali Radix was regarded as a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and this paper has carried out herbal textual research on the development and formation of the concept, "assessing the quality by distinguishing features of traditional Chinese medicinal materials", of Astragali Radix. The authentic medicine producing areas of Astragalus in China have experienced a great change, Gansu , Sichuan and adjacent areas before the Tang Dynasty; Shanxi during the Tang and Song Dynasty. The concept, "assessing the quality by distinguishing features of traditional Chinese medicinal materials", of Astragali Radix was formed in the Song and Ming Dynasty and still used today, which described as that the shape is "straight as an arrow"; the texture is "soft as cotton"; the section looks like" gold well and jade hurdle"; it was sweet in taste and has beany flavor. The system, "assessing the quality by distinguishing features of traditional Chinese medicinal materials", of Astragali Radix has undergone the adjustments from "true or false" to "good or bad", advance with the times, pick out the advantages from others and absorb the experience of traditional identification actively. Besides, it always returns to laconism from erudition and was summarized highly. Assessing the quality by distinguishing features of traditional Chinese medicinal materials and commodity specifications have the same root, so the former has reference meaning to revise the latter.


Assuntos
Astrágalo (Planta)/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Farmacopeias como Assunto , Raízes de Plantas
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 41(4): 648-653, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28871687

RESUMO

The study used use bimolecular marking methods to evaluate the lignans of Magnolia officinalis and M. officinalis var. biloba. First, we compare the chemical constituents between M. officinalis and M. officinalis var.biloba. There were significant differences in concentration of magnolignan I between leaves of these two varieties. Then we further select the p-hydroxyphenyl lignin to mining the key enzyme genes of biosynthesis from Magnolia transcriptome, and screened an encoding cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogease gene as the candidate marker of bimolecular marking methods of Magnolia quality by comparing of the expression level and structure variation in homologous gene between M. officinalis and M. officinalis var.biloba. The established method provides the technical support for bimolecular marking methods of Magnolia quality evaluation.


Assuntos
Oxirredutases do Álcool/genética , Magnolia/química , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Oxirredutases do Álcool/metabolismo , Lignanas/análise , Lignanas/metabolismo , Lignina/análise , Lignina/metabolismo , Magnolia/enzimologia , Magnolia/genética , Magnolia/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/enzimologia , Folhas de Planta/genética , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Controle de Qualidade
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 41(6): 1021-1026, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28875664

RESUMO

DNA methyltransferase is the key enzyme in the process of DNA methylation, playing an important role in regulation of gene expression in vivo. According to the Ganoderma lucidum transcriptome data, a full-length cDNA sequence of MET1 from G. lucidum was cloned for the first time, the GenBank registration number is KU239998, and we conducted a comprehensive bioinformatics analysis of the genetic characteristics and spatial structure. The prokaryotic expression analysis showed that E.coli[pET28a(+)-GlMET1] in BL21(DE3) could induce objective protein, shaking the culture at 16 ℃ until the host bacterium(A600) was approximately 0.8, and added IPTG to finally concentration of 0.2 mmol•L⁻¹, and then the optimal expression of GlMET1 recombinant protein was accumulated for the induction time of 20 h. The real-time PCR results showed that the expression levels of GlMET1 had obvious differences among varieties of G. lucidum. During the maturity stage, the expression levels of GlMET1 were lower than that in juvenile stage, the results showed that with the growth of G. lucidum, the expression levels of GlMET1 were on the decline. The research provided an important basis for studying the mechanism of DNA methyltransferase thoroughly.


Assuntos
Clonagem Molecular , DNA (Citosina-5-)-Metiltransferase 1/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Reishi/enzimologia , DNA (Citosina-5-)-Metiltransferase 1/química , DNA (Citosina-5-)-Metiltransferase 1/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/química , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Filogenia , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Reishi/química , Reishi/classificação , Reishi/genética , Transcriptoma
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 41(19): 3597-3601, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28925154

RESUMO

This study is aimed to explore the mechanism of catalyzing the synthesis of luteolin and luteoloside by LjFNS Ⅱ 1.1 and LjFNS Ⅱ 2.1.The leaves of Lonicera japonica were treated with different concentrations of 5-azaC(20,40,60,80,100 µmol•L-1) for three periods(1,2,3 d). Firstly, we cloned LjFNS Ⅱ 1.1 and LjFNS Ⅱ 2.1. Secondly, we analyzed the expression levels of LjFNS Ⅱ 1.1 and LjFNS Ⅱ 2.1 by Real-Time PCR and the contents of luteolin and luteoloside determined by UPLC-MS/MS. The results explained the expression levels of LjFNS Ⅱ 1.1 and LjFNS Ⅱ 2.1 consistent with the content variation of luteolin in general, but there was no significant correlation with the contents of luteoloside. And we found the expression levels of LjFNS Ⅱ 1.1 and LjFNS Ⅱ 2.1 were slightly different. The research indicated that the contents of luteolin and luteoloside got higher by improving the expression levels of LjFNS Ⅱ 1.1 and LjFNS Ⅱ 2.1. This will provide technical support and lay a theoretical foundation for regulating the synthesis of luteolin and luteoloside by LjFNS Ⅱ 1.1 and LjFNS Ⅱ 2.1.


Assuntos
Genes de Plantas , Glucosídeos/biossíntese , Lonicera/metabolismo , Luteolina/biossíntese , Azacitidina/farmacologia , Lonicera/genética , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 40(11): 2055-61, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26552157

RESUMO

The transcriptome represents the whole complement of RNA transcripts in cells or tissues and reflects the expressed genes at various life stages, tissue types, physiological states, and environmental conditions. Transcriptomics study concerning medicinal plants has become the most active area in medicinal plant genome research. Transcriptome analysis provides a comprehensive understanding of gene expression and its regulation. The study of its transcriptome has great significance in solving the questions of genetic evolution, genetic breeding, ecology and so on. Here we report the application status of transcriptomics in medicinal plants based on emergence, development and methodology of transcriptomics.


Assuntos
Plantas Medicinais/genética , Transcriptoma , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Análise de Sequência de RNA
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 40(11): 2062-7, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26552158

RESUMO

Twenty-three histone methyltransferase genes were obtained from transcriptome dataset of Lonicera japonica. The nucleotide and proteins characteristics, subcellular localization, senior structural domains and conservative forecasting were analyzed. The result of phylogenetic tree showed that 23 histone methyltransferases were mainly divided into two groups: lysine methyltransferase and arginine methyltransferases. The result of gene expression showed that 23 histone methyltransferases showed preference in terms of interspecies and organs. They were more expressed in buds of L. japonica than in L. japonica var. chinensis and lower in leaves of L. japonica than in L. japonica var. chinensis. Eight genes were specific expressed in flower. These results provided basis for further understanding the function of histone methyltransferase and epigenetic regulation of active ingredients of L. japonica.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Lonicera/genética , Expressão Gênica , Histona Metiltransferases , Lonicera/enzimologia , Filogenia
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 40(11): 2077-83, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26552160

RESUMO

Methyl valerate (MVA) pathway is one of the important ways for synthesis of terpenoids. This study was based on data of the transcriptome sequencing of Magnolia officinalis, the associated genes MoACOT, MoHMGS, MoHMGR, MoMK in methyl valerate (MVA) pathway, were completed in detail by using bioinformatics methods. The results of analysis showed that MoACOT and MoMK were stable hydrophobic proteins, MoHMGS and MoHMGR were unstable hydrophobic protein. The secondary structures of all proteins were hybrid architecture,and alpha helical were the major motifs. There were no clear transmembrane domains in MoACOT, MoHMGS and MoMK, but two transmembrane domains were founded in MoHMGR which were from 39-61 aa and 82-104 aa resepectively. The results of evolutionary relationship analysis showed that MoACOT, MoHMGS, MoHMGR and MoMK had relative close relationship to angiosperm or dicotyledonous plants, and accorded with genetic evolution rule. From transcriptome data, transcripted level of MoACOT, MoHMGS, MoHMGR, MoMK in M. officinalis and M. officinalis var. biloba was not significantly different. The result provided theoretical reference for study on Methyl valerate (MVA) pathway of terpenoid of M. officinalis.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Genes de Plantas , Magnolia/genética , Terpenos/metabolismo , Magnolia/metabolismo , Filogenia
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 40(7): 1259-65, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26281542

RESUMO

According to the designed specific primers of gene fragment based on the Salvia miltiorrhiza transcriptome data, a full-length cDNA sequence of SQS2 from S. miltiorrhiza f. alba was cloned by the method of reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The SmSQS2 cDNA sequence was obtained, this sequence is named SmSQS2 and its GenBank registration number is KM244731. The full length of SmSQS2 cDNA was 1245 bp, encoding 414 amino acids including 5'UTR 115 bp and 3'UTR 237 bp. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that SmSQS2 had relative close relationship to the SQS2 of S. miltiorrhiza. The induction of E. coli [pET28-SQS2] in different temperature, induction time, IPTG concentrations and density of inducing host bacterium (A600) were performed, Shaking the culture at 30 degrees C until the A600 is approximately 0.6 and add IPTG to final concentration of 0.2 mmol x L(-1), and then the optimal expression of SmSQS2 recombinant protein were accumulated after the induction time of 20 h. The research provided important base for the study of sterol and terpene biosynthesis of SQS2 in S. miltiorrhiza f. alba.


Assuntos
Clonagem Molecular , Farnesil-Difosfato Farnesiltransferase/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Salvia miltiorrhiza/enzimologia , Farnesil-Difosfato Farnesiltransferase/química , Farnesil-Difosfato Farnesiltransferase/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Salvia miltiorrhiza/química , Salvia miltiorrhiza/classificação , Salvia miltiorrhiza/genética , Alinhamento de Sequência
17.
Microsc Res Tech ; 75(9): 1191-6, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22508220

RESUMO

Growth rings were used to determine the root age of medicinal Paeonia lactiflora from four producing areas, and their corresponding paeoniflorin content were measured based on the identification of ages. Different P. lactiflora root samples of different ages were collected from the four major growing areas in China: Bozhou, Anhui Province; Pan'an, Zhejiang Province; Zhongjiang, Sichuan Province; and Heze, Shandong Province. The relationship between the number of growth rings and age was analyzed using hand sections and paraffin sections. The paeoniflorin content in the roots of different P. lactiflora cultivars from different growing areas was measured using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The growth rings in the P. lactiflora roots were consistent with the age of the plant from Heze, Zhongjiang, Pan'an, whereas that for the P. lactiflora from Bozhou was one less than the age of the plant. The HPLC results show that the paeoniflorin content was highest in P. lactiflora 'Baihuachuanshaoyao,' followed by 'Baihuahangshaoyao,' 'Honghuachuanshaoyao,' and 'Honghuahangshaoyao,' 'Bozhoushaoyao' had the lowest levels of paeoniflorin. With increasing age, the paeoniflorin in the roots of the different P.lactiflora cultivars slowly declined or remained the same. In summary, the age of the roots of P. lactiflora from different growing areas can be determined using growth rings. The paeoniflorin content in the roots of P. lactiflora is correlated with cultivar and it was slowly declined with increasing age.


Assuntos
Benzoatos/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes/análise , Glucosídeos/análise , Paeonia/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Monoterpenos
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