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1.
Nat Mater ; 2020 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32284597

RESUMO

Two-dimensional carbides and nitrides of transition metals, known as MXenes, are a fast-growing family of materials that have attracted attention as energy storage materials. MXenes are mainly prepared from Al-containing MAX phases (where A = Al) by Al dissolution in F-containing solution; most other MAX phases have not been explored. Here a redox-controlled A-site etching of MAX phases in Lewis acidic melts is proposed and validated by the synthesis of various MXenes from unconventional MAX-phase precursors with A elements Si, Zn and Ga. A negative electrode of Ti3C2 MXene material obtained through this molten salt synthesis method delivers a Li+ storage capacity of up to 738 C g-1 (205 mAh g-1) with high charge-discharge rate and a pseudocapacitive-like electrochemical signature in 1 M LiPF6 carbonate-based electrolyte. MXenes prepared via this molten salt synthesis route may prove suitable for use as high-rate negative-electrode materials for electrochemical energy storage applications.

2.
Adv Ther ; 37(5): 2246-2255, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277344

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to compare the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) parameters of imipenem administered by two-step (50% delivered in a 30-min bolus, 50% for the following 90 min) or extended (administered continuously for 2 h) infusion. METHODS: Patients with sepsis and septic shock were prospectively enrolled and randomized into four groups. Subjects in the two-step or extended groups were given two doses of imipenem (0.5 g q6h and 1.0 g q8h). The plasma imipenem concentrations were measured at given time points after the fifth dose. The PK/PD target was defined as the achievement of a fractional time above the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of > 40%. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients were eventually enrolled. No significant difference was observed in the percentage of patients achieving 40% T > MIC between the different infusion modes with the same dosage, although the two-step groups exhibited a significantly shorter Tmax compared with the extended groups (0.5 g q6h: 1.5 ± 0.8 vs. 2.0 ± 0.0 h; 1.0 g q8h: 1.0 ± 0.6 vs. 2.0 ± 0.0 h; both, p < 0.05). All four groups achieved 40% T > MIC when MIC was 0.5-4.0 µg/ml, but only regimens with a higher dose (1.0 g q8h) achieved target when MIC was 8 µg/ml. CONCLUSION: The two-step and extended regimens of imipenem are comparable to the PK/PD target in the treatment of sepsis and septic shock. A higher dose (1.0 g q8h) should be considered for target achievement at an MIC of > 8 µg/ml. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT02616354.

3.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994570

RESUMO

As a new family of two-dimensional materials, MXenes have attracted increasing attention in recent years due to their widespread potential applications. In contrast to early transition metals in convention, here we expand the M element of MXene to the rare earth element lutetium. Based on the first-principles density functional calculations, the bare lutetium-based carbide MXene Lu2C is determined to be stabilized in the T-type configuration. Furthermore, both fluorine and hydroxyl terminated configurations are found to be semiconductors, and their band gaps are suitable for use in semiconductors and visible and near-infrared optical devices. The Lu2C(OH)2 configuration shows a direct band gap and possesses an ultralow work function of 1.4 eV. Both Lu2CT2 (T = F, OH) MXenes exhibit high carrier mobilities. Particularly, the electron mobility of the Lu2C(OH)2 MXene is found to be anisotropic at room temperature, with values as high as 95.19 × 103 and 217.1 × 103 cm2 V-1·s-1 in the zigzag and armchair directions, respectively, which makes Lu2C(OH)2 a promising material for nanodevices. Based on these predicted properties, our work widens the range of MXene materials and their applications in semiconducting devices.

4.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(13): 135302, 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822646

RESUMO

Two-dimensional transition metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) have attracted intensive attention since 2011, and surface groups have been determined to show a key role in MXene properties. Recently, an emerging functional group of chlorine was realized in MXenes, such as in Ti3C2Cl2 and Ti2CCl2. In order to understand and apply MXenes terminated by this type functional group, the structural, mechanical and electronic properties of M2X2Cl2 and M3X2Cl2 (M = Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta, W; X = C, N) are investigated in this work from first-principles theory. For M2X2Cl2, the chlorine groups are all stabilized on the top-sites of the bottom M atoms on both sides. In M3X2Cl2, the surface groups of most configurations are functionalized on the top-sites of the middle M atoms. Regarding to the mechanical properties, the elastic constants vary significantly with the types of M and X elements. The highest Young modulus of 208.3 GPa is determined in Ta3C2Cl2. The mechanical, dynamical and thermodynamic stabilities are further tested. Thirteen members.ie. M2CCl2 (M = Sc, Ti, Zr, Nb, Hf), M2NCl2 (M = Sc, Zr), M3C2Cl2 (M = Ti, Zr, Hf) and M3N2Cl2 (M = Sc, Ti, Zr) are determined to be stable. In addition, Ta2CCl2, Hf2NCl2, M3C2Cl2 (M = Sc, Nb, Ta) and Hf3N2Cl2 could be metestable. For these stable and metastable configurations, the electronic structures and work functions are studied. Most configurations are metallic, except for Sc2CCl2, Zr3N2Cl2 and Hf3N2Cl2. These three members are indirect band gap semiconductors, with their band gap values of 1.65, 0.135 and 0.246 eV, respectively. All the structures show high work functions, and the smallest value is approximate to 3.97 eV determined in Ti2CCl2. Our work implies that the chlorine-functionalized MXenes could be utilized in semiconductors and metallic films.

5.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(2): 373-378, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30998140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression and clinical significance of PD-L1 and microRNA-138-5p in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with acute myeloid leukemia. METHODS: The SYBR GreenⅠreal-time PCR was used to detect the expression levels of PD-L1 mRNA and miR-138 in 20 cases of primary AML, 9 cases of relapsed/refractory AML and 8 cases of complete remission. The samples of peripheral blood of 20 healthy peoples were used as controls. RESULTS: The expression levels of PD-L1 in both the primary AML and the relapsed/refractory AML groups were significantly higher than those in the healthy control group (P<0.01), and the expression level of PD-L1 in the relapsed/refractory AML group was significantly higher than that in the primary AML group (P<0.01). The expression level of miR-138 in both the primary AML and the relapsed/refractory AML groups were significantly lower than that in the healthy control group (P<0.01). The 8 sampes out of 20 cases of primary AML patients achieved complete remission (CR) were collected and detected. The results showed that the expression level of miR-138 in the complete remission group was higher than that in the primary AML group (P<0.05), but the expression level of PD-L1 mRNA in the CR group was not significantly different from that in the primary AML group (P>0.05). and there was a negative correlation between PD-L1 mRNA and miR-138 in primary AML patients (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The expression of PD-L1 increases and the expression of miR-138 down-regulates in PBMNCs of AML patients, furthermore, both correlate each other.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , MicroRNAs/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Indução de Remissão
6.
ACS Nano ; 13(2): 1195-1203, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30703319

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) materials have attracted intense attention in nanoscience and nanotechnology due to their outstanding properties. Among these materials, the emerging family of 2D transition metal carbides, carbonitrides, and nitrides (referred to as MXenes) stands out because of the vast available chemical space for tuning materials chemistry and surface termination, offering opportunities for property tailoring. Specifically, semiconducting properties are needed to enable utilization in optoelectronics, but direct band gaps are experimentally challenging to achieve in these 2D carbides. Here, we demonstrate the fabrication of 2D hydroxyl-functionalized and carbon-deficient scandium carbide, namely, ScC xOH, by selective etching of a layered parent ScAl3C3 compound. The 2D configuration is determined as a direct band gap semiconductor, with an experimentally measured band gap approximated at 2.5 eV. Furthermore, this ScC xOH-based device exhibits excellent photoresponse in the ultraviolet-visible light region (responsivity of 0.125 A/W at 360 nm/10 V, and quantum efficiency of 43%). Thus, this 2D ScC xOH direct band gap semiconductor may find applications in visible light detectors, photocatalytic chemistry, and optoelectronic devices.

7.
Nanoscale ; 10(18): 8763-8771, 2018 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29708262

RESUMO

MXenes represent a new family of two-dimensional materials that have attracted considerable attention in recent years. Because of the remarkably different structures of Sc2C(OH)2 and Sc2CO2 MXene and their recently reported properties, this study explored the structural evolution and mechanism of chemical conversion between these two MXenes. Using first-principles density functional theory (DFT), the mechanism for dehydrogenation/hydrogenation is investigated by gradually removing/adding surface hydrogen atoms for Sc2C(OH)2/Sc2CO2 supercells. Employing three different supercells (2 × 2 × 1, 3 × 3 × 1 and 4 × 4 × 1), intermediate states Sc2C(OH)xO2-x with varying hydrogen content x (0.0625≤x ≤ 1.94) are obtained. The results show that the trend is to minimize the difference in the number of hydrogen atoms and the distance between them on the two sides of the monolayer. This feature is found to be generally applicable to other functional groups of MXenes during surface conversion. Analysis of these structures shows that all the oxygen, carbon and scandium atoms remain in essentially the same locations as in Sc2C(OH)2 until atoms rearrange in the carbon layer at sufficiently low x. Regarding the electronic properties, the behavior of the rearranged configurations is found to depend on the structure, moving beyond the conventional model of p-type doping induced by dehydrogenation. Bipolar magnetic semiconductors (BMSs) are identified from these rearranged configurations by the inhomogeneous distribution of hydrogen atoms on the different sides and x values approximately in the range of 0.188 ≤ x ≤ 0.812. Findings from this study suggest that the intrinsic spin-polarized semiconducting characteristics of Sc2C(OH)xO2-x are expected to be experimentally observable if samples are prepared as nanoscale flakes. The current results indicate that Sc-based MXene may be a promising material for nanoscale spintronic devices.

8.
Med Sci Monit ; 23: 3064-3070, 2017 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28642455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Mediastinal diseases are difficult to diagnose due to diverse origins and complex anatomical structure of the mediastinal tissues. The prospective study aimed to compare the diagnostic efficiency of video-assisted mediastinoscopy (VAM) and endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) for mediastinal lesions without pulmonary abnormalities. MATERIAL AND METHODS We divided 100 mediastinal lymphadenectasis patients without pulmonary abnormalities into a VAM group and an EBUS group. The pathological results of each group were regarded as the endpoints. SPSS19.0 statistical software was used. RESULTS The diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of VAM were 96%, 97.4%, and 100%, respectively; those of EBUS-TBNA diagnosis were 62%, 87.1%, and 100%, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in the diagnostic sensitivity of benign mediastinal lesions between the 2 groups (P<0.01). Compared with the EBUS group (62%), the accuracy in the VAM group was significantly higher (96%) (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS We found that the diagnostic accuracy of VAM for mediastinal lymphadenectasis without pulmonary abnormalities is superior to that of EBUS. Therefore, for patients with mediastinal lymphadenectasis or mediastinal mass and without pulmonary abnormalities, mediastinoscopy is recommended as the first choice.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Pulmão/anormalidades , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem , Mediastinoscopia , Mediastino/patologia , Ultrassonografia , Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 29(16): 165701, 2017 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28234238

RESUMO

Hf3C2O2, a new MXene member synthesized recently, was predicted to be a semi-metal with high mechanical strength. Based on the unique electronic structure, the energy bands and electrical conductivities of the MXene under various strains are comprehensively investigated in this paper. Biaxial and two orthogonal uniaxial strains in both compressive and tensile manners are studied. Results from this study suggest that Hf3C2O2 shows a transition between semi-metal and semi-conductor under both biaxial and uniaxial strains. A compressive strain generally induces a larger energy overlap between the conduction band minimum and the valance band maximum, while a tensile strain reduces the energy band overlap and even opens a band gap. As a consequence, the magnitude of electrical conductivity decreases drastically from compressive to tensile strains applied. Moreover, the uniaxial strains are determined to be efficient in manipulating the anisotropy of the electrical conductivity. These data imply that the Hf3C2O2 MXene is a promising candidate material for devices such as strain sensors.

10.
Sci Rep ; 6: 27971, 2016 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27302597

RESUMO

With the growing interest in low dimensional materials, MXenes have also attracted considerable attention recently. In this work, the thermal and electrical properties of oxygen-functionalized M2CO2 (M = Ti, Zr, Hf) MXenes are investigated using first-principles calculations. Hf2CO2 is determined to exhibit a thermal conductivity better than MoS2 and phosphorene. The room-temperature thermal conductivity along the armchair direction is determined to be 86.25~131.2 Wm(-1) K(-1) with a flake length of 5~100 µm. The room temperature thermal expansion coefficient of Hf2CO2 is 6.094 × 10(-6) K(-1), which is lower than that of most metals. Moreover, Hf2CO2 is determined to be a semiconductor with a band gap of 1.657 eV and to have high and anisotropic carrier mobility. At room temperature, the Hf2CO2 hole mobility in the armchair direction (in the zigzag direction) is determined to be as high as 13.5 × 10(3) cm(2)V(-1)s(-1) (17.6 × 10(3) cm(2)V(-1)s(-1)). Thus, broader utilization of Hf2CO2, such as the material for nanoelectronics, is likely. The corresponding thermal and electrical properties of Ti2CO2 and Zr2CO2 are also provided. Notably, Ti2CO2 presents relatively lower thermal conductivity but much higher carrier mobility than Hf2CO2. According to the present results, the design and application of MXene based devices are expected to be promising.

11.
Nanoscale ; 8(11): 6110-7, 2016 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26932122

RESUMO

MXenes, the new 2D transition metal carbides and nitrides, have recently attracted extensive attention due to their diverse applications and excellent performances. However, the thermal and electrical properties of most MXene materials are yet to be studied. In this work, we investigate the electrical and thermal properties of semiconducting Sc2CT2 (T = F, OH) MXenes using first-principles calculations. Both of the Sc2CT2 (T = F, OH) MXenes are determined to show excellent carrier mobilities. The electron mobility in the Sc2CF2 MXene is found to be strongly anisotropic at room temperature, with values of 5.03 × 10(3) and 1.07 × 10(3) cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) in the zigzag and armchair directions, respectively. The predicted electron mobility in the zigzag direction of the Sc2CF2 is nearly four-fold that in the armchair direction of the promising semiconductor phosphorene. In contrast to Sc2CF2, Sc2C(OH)2 presents approximately isotropic electron mobility. The values at room temperature in the zigzag and armchair directions are calculated as 2.06 × 10(3) cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) and 2.19 × 10(3) cm(2) V(-1) s(-1), respectively. In regard to the thermal properties, the thermal conductivities of the Sc2CT2 (T = F, OH) MXenes have been determined. The predicted values are higher than those of most metals and semiconducting low-dimensional materials, such as monolayer MoS2 and phosphorene. In particular, the room-temperature thermal conductivity along the Sc2CF2 armchair direction has been determined to be as high as 472 W m(-1) K(-1) based on a flake length of 5 µm, which is even higher than that of the best traditional conductor silver. The corresponding value in the zigzag direction of Sc2CF2 is calculated to be 178 W m(-1) K(-1). The thermal conductivity in Sc2C(OH)2 is less anisotropic and lower compared to that in Sc2CF2. The room-temperature value in the armchair (zigzag) direction is determined to be 173 W m(-1) K(-1) (107 W m(-1) K(-1)). Based on their excellent electron mobilities and high thermal conductivities, both of the Sc2CT2 (T = F, OH) MXenes could be promising candidate materials for the next generation of electronic devices.

12.
Sci China Life Sci ; 58(12): 1276-81, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26423566

RESUMO

Diversity in the T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire provides a miniature defense ability for the T cell immune system that may be related to tumor initiation and progression. Understanding the T cell immune status of leukemia patients is critical for establishing specific immunotherapies. Previous studies have reported abnormal TCR repertoires and clonally expanded TCR Vß T cells in chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CP-CML). In this study, we investigated the distribution and clonality of the TCR Vß repertoire in 4 cases with imatinib-resistant CML in blast crisis (BC-CML) with abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog 1 (ABL1) kinase domain mutations (KDMs). Examination of TCR V expression and clonality was performed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and GeneScan analysis. Significantly skewed TCR Vß repertoires were observed in BC-CML patients with different KDMs, and 4 to 8 oligoclonally expanded TCR Vß subfamilies could be identified in each sample. Intriguingly, a relatively highly expanded Vß9 clone with the same length as complementarity- determining region 3 (CDR3) (139 bp) was found in all three CML patients in lymphoid blast crisis (LBC-CML) who had different KDMs, but the clone was not detected in the only CML patient in myeloid blast crisis (MBC-CML). In conclusion, restricted TCR Vß repertoire expression and decreased clone complexity was a general phenomenon observed in the BC-CML patients with different KDMs, indicating the T-cell immunodeficiency of these patients. In addition, clonally expanded Vß9 T cell clones may indicate a specific immune response to leukemia-associated antigens in LBC-CML patients.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-abl/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/genética , Crise Blástica/tratamento farmacológico , Crise Blástica/genética , Crise Blástica/imunologia , Células Clonais/metabolismo , Regiões Determinantes de Complementaridade/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Variação Genética , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/farmacologia , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/imunologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
13.
J Chem Phys ; 141(6): 064705, 2014 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25134588

RESUMO

We investigate the thermal expansion behaviors of monolayer graphene and three configurations of graphene with point defects, namely the replacement of one carbon atom with a boron or nitrogen atom, or of two neighboring carbon atoms by boron-nitrogen atoms, based on calculations using first-principles density functional theory. It is found that the thermal contraction of monolayer graphene is significantly decreased by point defects. Moreover, the corresponding temperature for negative linear thermal expansion coefficient with the maximum absolute value is reduced. The cause is determined to be point defects that enhance the mechanical strength of graphene and then reduce the amplitude and phonon frequency of the out-of-plane acoustic vibration mode. Such defect weakening of graphene thermal contraction will be useful in nanotechnology to diminish the mismatching or strain between the graphene and its substrate.

14.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 19(5): 1112-6, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22040953

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to establish a stable subline of K562 cells expressing the HLA-A(*)1101 protein, which was expected to provide target cells for characterizing the HLA-I restrictive antigen specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) effects against chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The HLA-A(*)1101 protein encoding gene was amplified from peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMNC) of CML patient by RT-PCR; the 2A peptide linker (D-V-E-X-N-P-G-P) gene was linked to the 3'terminal of the HLA-A(*)1101 gene by recombinant PCR, then the recombinant was cloned into the pEGFP-N3 plasmid which contains an enhanced green fluorescent protein gene, and the eukaryotic recombinant expression vector containing HLA-A(*)1101-T2A-EGFP transcription box was constructed; the pEGFP-N3 vector and recombinant vector was separately electroporated into K562 cells. The expression of GFP was monitored by fluorescence microscopy, finally stably transfected sublines of K562 cells containing HLA-A(*)1101 gene, and of K562 containing pEGFP-N3 vector were obtained by G418 selection; the transcriptional or translational expression of HLA-A(*)1101 gene was detected with RT-PCR and flow cytometry respectively. The results indicated that the eukaryotic expression vector HLA-A(*)1101-T2A-EGFP plasmid was successfully constructed; after G418 selection for 2 months, two sublines of K562 cells (HLA-A(*)1101(+)K562, pEGFP-N3(+)K562) expressing GFP were constructed. The expression of HLA-A*A1101 gene could be determined in HLA-A(*)1101(+)K562 cell line by RT-PCR, while the pEGFP-N3(+)K562 cells could not express HLA-A*A1101 gene. HLA-A(*)1101 protein and GFP double positive HLA-A(*)1101(+)K562 cells were up to 88.5%, which was obviously higher than pEGFP-N3(+)K562 cells (0.698%) by flow cytometric analysis. It is concluded that a simple and effective method to select HLA-A(*)1101(+)K562 cells has been established and a subline of K562 cell expressing HLA-A(*)1101 protein on its cell membrane was successfully constructed, which provides the tool cells for further studying the specific cellular immunity against-CML.


Assuntos
Antígeno HLA-A11/genética , Células K562 , Transfecção , Vetores Genéticos , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Plasmídeos
15.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 27(2): 150-3, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21315043

RESUMO

AIM: To analyze the expression level of TCRζ chain gene in the DLBCL-associated antigen-specific T cells before and after being activated by coculture with Toledo cells (DLBCL cell line). METHODS: Real-time PCR with SYBR GreenI technique was used for detecting TCRζ chain expression in activated and unactivated DLBCL-associated antigen-specific T cells. ß2 microglobulin gene (ß2M) was used as an endogenous reference. Relative mRNA expression level of TCRζ gene was analyzed by the formula of both 2(-δCt); ×100% and 2(-δδCt);. RESULTS: Compared with (1.74±0.28)% of the relative mRNA expression level of TCRζ gene in TCR gene-untransduced T cells, the expression level of TCRζ gene was (1.78±0.22)% in unactivated TCR gene-transduced T cells and showed no obvious increase. While the expression of TCRζ gene arrived at (11.54±1.98)% in the activated TCR gene-modified T cells, which was significantly higher than that in unactivated TCR gene-modified and TCR gene-untransduced T cells (P<0.05), and was increased (6.59±0.80) and (6.48±0.36) times, respectively. CONCLUSION: The expression of TCRζ chain was up-regulated, when TCR gene-modified T cells were activated by the stimulation of specific antigens.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Codificadores da Cadeia delta de Receptores de Linfócitos T , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Humanos , Células Jurkat , Ativação Linfocitária/genética , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Temperatura de Transição
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