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1.
Oncogene ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801971

RESUMO

The original version of this Article contained an error in the author affiliations. Affiliation number 4 incorrectly read "Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tianjin Institute of Digestive Disease, Tianjin Institute of Digestive Disease". It should be "Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300052, China".

2.
Oncogene ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676872

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common cancer type and a threat to human health. Tumor budding (TB) is the presence of a single cancer cell or clusters of up to five cancer cells prior to the invasive front of an aggressive carcinoma and is an independent prognosis factor for CRC. The molecular mechanism of TB is still unclear, and drugs that inhibit this process are still in the blank stage. This study found that TBs exhibit characteristics of partial EMT with a decreased expression of E-cadherin and no substantial differences in the expression of N-cadherin and vimentin. We also observed the interaction of integrin with extracellular matrix components, laminin-5γ2 (LN-5γ2), play essential roles in the TB of CRC. We then verified that the interaction between LN-5γ2 and integrin ß1 promotes the TB of CRC via the activation of FAK and Yes-associated proteins (YAP). A natural drug monomer, cucurbitacin B, was screened using virtual screening methods for the interaction interface of proteins. We found that this monomer could block the interaction interface between LN-5γ2 and integrin ß1 and substantially inhibit the TB of CRC cells via inactivation of YAP. This study provides new insights into the mechanism of TB mechanism and the development of drugs targeting the TB of CRC.

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