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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557516

RESUMO

Bimetallic organic frameworks (Bi-MOFs) have been recognized as one of the most ideal precursors to construct metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) composites, owing to their high surface area, various chemical structures, and easy removal of the sacrificial MOF scaffolds through calcination. Herein, we synthesized Zn/Ni Bi-MOF for the first time via a facile ion exchange postsynthetic strategy, formed a three-dimensional framework consisting of infinite one-dimensional chains that is unattainable through the direct solvothermal approach, and then transformed the Zn/Ni Bi-MOF into a unique ZnO/NiO heterostructure through calcination. Notably, the obtained sensor based on a ZnO/NiO heterostructure exhibits an ultrahigh response of 280.2 toward 500 ppm n-propanol at 275 °C (17.2-fold enhancement compared with that of ZnO), remarkable selectivity, and a limit of detection of 200 ppb with a notable response (2.51), which outperforms state-of-the-art n-propanol sensors. The enhanced n-propanol sensing properties may be attributed to the synergistic effects of several points including the heterojunction at the interface between the NiO and ZnO nanoparticles, especially a one-dimensional chain MOF template structure as well as the chemical sensitization effect of NiO. This work provides a promising strategy for the development of a novel Bi-MOF-derived MOS heterostructure or homostructure with well-defined morphology and composition that can be applied to the fields of gas sensing, energy storage, and catalysis.

2.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(11): 882-7, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33269831

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) on blood glucose regulation and the expression of insulin receptors (INR) of hypothalamus, liver and skeletal muscle tissues in impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) rats, so as to reveal its mechanisms underlying improvement of IGT. METHODS: Thirty-six male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control, model, transcutaneous auricular none-vagus nerve stimulation (tnVNS), and taVNS groups (n=9 in each group). The IGT model was established by feeding the rats with high-fat and high-sugar diet for 5 weeks, and subsequent intraperitoneal injection of a dose of streptozotocin (20 mg/kg). Transcutaneous electrostimulation (2 mA, 2 Hz/15 Hz) was applied to auricular concha (taVNS) or auricular margin (tnVNS), respectively. The treatment was conducted for 30 min once daily for 4 weeks. The body weight, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2 h plasma glucose (2 h PG) were recorded every week. The contents of plasma insulin (INS), glucagon (GC), glycosylated hemoglobin (GHbA1c) were detected by using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expression levels of INR in hypothalamus, liver and skeletal muscle tissues were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: After modeling, the rats' body weight, the contents of FPG, 2 h PG, GC and GHbA1c were significantly up-regulated (P<0.001, P<0.05, P<0.01), and the content of INS and expression of INR in hypothalamus, liver and skeletal muscle tissues were significantly down-regulated in the model group compared with the control group (P<0.001, P<0.01, P<0.05). Following the treatment, the increased FPG, 2 h PG, GC, and the decreased INS and INR expression of hypothalamus, liver and skeletal muscle tissues were apparently reversed in the taVNS group relevant to the model group (P<0.001, P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the tnVNS group, the FPG and 2 h PG contents were considerable decreased, and the content of INS and INR expression of hypothalamus and liver were obviously increased in the taVNS group (P<0.001, P<0.05, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: taVNS can improve the blood glucose and insulin sensitivity in IGT rats, which may contribute to its effectiveness in up-regulating the expression of INR in hypothalamus, liver and skeletal muscle tissues.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975866

RESUMO

Substrate-supported metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) films are desired to realize their potential in practical applications. Herein, a novel substrate-seeding secondary-growth strategy is developed to prepare composites of uniform MOFs films on aerogel walls. Briefly, the organic ligand is "pre-seeded" onto the aerogel walls, and then a small amount of metal-ion solution is sprayed onto the prepared aerogel. The sprayed solution diffuses along the aerogel walls to form a continuous thin layer, which confines the nucleation reaction, promoting the formation of uniform MOFs films on the aerogel walls. The whole process is simple in operation, highly efficient, and eco-friendly. The resulting hierarchical MOFs/aerogel composites have abundant accessible active sites and enable excellent mass transfer, which endows the composite with outstanding catalytic activity and stability in both liquid-phase CO2 cycloaddition and electrochemical oxygen evolution reaction (OER) process.

4.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(7): 609-615, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727645

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the effect of circular RNA homeodomain-interacting protein kinase 3 (circHIPK3) on the proliferation and metastasis of glioma cells via sponging miR-124-3p. Methods T98G cells were transfected with circHIPK3 short hairpin RNA (sh-circHIPK3), pcDNA3.1-circHIPK3, miR-124-3p mimics or pcDNA3.1-WEE1 using LipofectamineTM 3000 reagent following the manufacturer's instructions. Real-time quantitative PCR was performed to evaluate the expression of circHIPK3 and miR-124-3p in glioma tissues and cell lines. CCK-8 assay was employed to assess the proliferation of T98G cells. TranswellTM assay was applied to validate the invasion of T98G cells. The targeting relationship among miR-124-3p, circHIPK3 and serine/threonine kinase WEE1 were verified by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. The expression of WEE1 and epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related factors (E-cadherin, N-cadherin and vimentin) were measured by Western blot analysis. In addition, after the competitive binding of circHIPK3 and WEE1 to miR-124-3p, the proliferation of T98G cells was detected by CCK-8 assay; the invasion of T98G cells was evaluated by TranswellTM assay. Results The circHIPK3 was upregulated in glioma tissues and cell lines. Knockdown of circHIPK3 repressed the proliferation, invasion and EMT of T98G cells. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that miR-124-3p was the target gene of circHIPK3, while WEE1 was the target gene of miR-124-3p. The miR-124-3p was over-expressed simultaneously with circHIPK3 or WEE1. Co-transfected sh-circHIPK3 and pcDNA3.1-WEE1 restored the inhibitory effect of miR-124-3p overexpression on the proliferation, invasion and EMT of T98G cells. Conclusion The circRNA-HIPK3 and WEE1 can promote the proliferation, invasion and EMT of glioma cells by sponging miR-124-3p.


Assuntos
Glioma , RNA Circular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Glioma/genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs
5.
Langmuir ; 36(26): 7392-7399, 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493015

RESUMO

An interesting reversible shape and structure transformation between two types of two-dimensional (2D) metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) has been successfully achieved by the spray method. The ability to precisely control the morphology and structure of 2D MOFs is also developed by altering the amount of MOF precursors and reversing the spray order. Meanwhile, the mechanism of the transformation between two MOFs is studied and conversion is induced by the change of the acidity in the reaction system. In addition, the prepared non-interpenetrate CuBDC twists exhibit more remarkable catalytic performance in C-S coupling reaction than Cu(BDC)(DMF) nanosheets owing to the more unsaturated coordination copper active sites from the non-interpenetrate structure. The catalytic result reveals the relationship between structure and function.

6.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(3): 273-6, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32270640

RESUMO

Based on the analysis of the present situation of standardization of moxibustion, it is found that the published standards of acupuncture and moxibustion are predominated at acupoint standard and acupuncture manipulation standard. Moxibusiton standardization mainly focuses on the manipulation. It is relatively lack of the standards of moxibustion materials and device. Four suggestions are put forward on the development strategies of moxibustion standardization: 1. Rectify the current situation that more attention paid to acupuncture rather than moxibustion, strengthen the inheritance of traditional experiences and the excavation of ancient literature, expand the indications of moxibustion and confirm the clinical effect of it. 2. Promote the whole process of moxibustion standardization, starting from moxibustion technique to its material, device and manipulation. 3. Enhance the equipment construction of moxibustion, combine with other build engineering disciplines, e.g. artificial intelligence and communication technology, and construct a multi-disciplinary intersection system. 4. Improve the promotion and development mode of moxibustion, propel all-round development of moxibustion in the clinical application, promotion mode and standardization construction, etc.


Assuntos
Moxibustão/normas , Pontos de Acupuntura , Inteligência Artificial , Humanos
7.
Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) ; 74: 103-110, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155446

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Achieving satisfactory internal fixation for patients with Pauwels type III femoral neck fractures has become a critical problem. The purpose of this study was to compare a common standard internal reduction and fixation method for femoral neck fractures to the modified fixation methods. METHODS: A computed tomography scan of the femur was performed to make a Three-dimensional (3D) model, and a fracture line was simulated in the femoral neck. 3Dfinite element analysis was carried out for different insertion methods of cannulated tension screws. Six healthy femur specimens were harvested from three formalin-fixed cadavers, and Pauwels type III femoral neck fracture was artificially created in bilateral femurs. The right side was treated with the inverted triangle construct method and the left side by the modified screw fixation method. After fixation, uniaxial compression and maximum load experiments on the bilateral femoral necks were carried out using the non-contact full-field dynamic strain measurement system (VIC-3D) on a pressure testing machine. FINDINGS: Both 3D finite element analysis and biomechanical study showed that the modified screw fixation method(group D) provided better anti-shearing and anti-rotation properties for Pauwels type III femoral neck fractures, and offered better interfragmentary compression. Therefore, this modified screw fixation method can offer patients a better option for treatment of Pauwels type III femoral neck fractures. INTERPRETATION: Changing the placement of the anterosuperior screw in the inverted triangle construct as perpendicular to the fracture line has the advantages in anti-shearing, anti-rotation and increasing interfragmentary compression.

8.
Neural Regen Res ; 15(6): 1120-1132, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823893

RESUMO

Objective: An increasing number of studies indicate that autophagy plays an important role in the pathogenesis of spinal cord injury, and that regulating autophagy can enhance recovery from spinal cord injury. However, the effect of regulating autophagy and whether autophagy is detrimental or beneficial after spinal cord injury remain unclear. Therefore, in this study we evaluated the effects of autophagy regulation on spinal cord injury in rats by direct and indirect comparison, in an effort to provide a basis for further research. Data source: Relevant literature published from inception to February 1, 2018 were included by searching Wanfang, CNKI, Web of Science, MEDLINE (OvidSP), PubMed and Google Scholar in English and Chinese. The keywords included "autophagy", "spinal cord injury", and "rat". Data selection: The literature included in vivo experimental studies on autophagy regulation in the treatment of spinal cord injury (including intervention pre- and post-spinal cord injury). Meta-analyses were conducted at different time points to compare the therapeutic effects of promoting or inhibiting autophagy, and subgroup analyses were also conducted. Outcome measure: Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scores. Results: Of the 622 studies, 33 studies of median quality were included in the analyses. Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scores were higher at 1 day (MD = 1.80, 95% CI: 0.81-2.79, P = 0.0004), 3 days (MD = 0.92, 95% CI: 0.72-1.13, P < 0.00001), 1 week (MD = 2.39, 95% CI: 1.85-2.92, P < 0.00001), 2 weeks (MD = 3.26, 95% CI: 2.40-4.13, P < 0.00001), 3 weeks (MD = 3.13, 95% CI: 2.51-3.75, P < 0.00001) and 4 weeks (MD = 3.18, 95% CI: 2.43-3.92, P < 0.00001) after spinal cord injury with upregulation of autophagy compared with the control group (drug solvent control, such as saline group). Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scores were higher at 1 day (MD = 6.48, 95% CI: 5.83-7.13, P < 0.00001), 2 weeks (MD = 2.43, 95% CI: 0.79-4.07, P = 0.004), 3 weeks (MD = 2.96, 95% CI: 0.09-5.84, P = 0.04) and 4 weeks (MD = 4.41, 95% CI: 1.08-7.75, P = 0.01) after spinal cord injury with downregulation of autophagy compared with the control group. Indirect comparison of upregulation and downregulation of autophagy showed no differences in Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scores at 1 day (MD = -4.68, 95% CI: -5.840 to -3.496, P = 0.94644), 3 days (MD = -0.28, 95% CI: -2.231-1.671, P = 0.99448), 1 week (MD = 1.83, 95% CI: 0.0076-3.584, P = 0.94588), 2 weeks (MD = 0.81, 95% CI: -0.850-2.470, P = 0.93055), 3 weeks (MD = 0.17, 95% CI: -2.771-3.111, P = 0.99546) or 4 weeks (MD = -1.23, 95% CI: -4.647-2.187, P = 0.98264) compared with the control group. Conclusion: Regulation of autophagy improves neurological function, whether it is upregulated or downregulated. There was no difference between upregulation and downregulation of autophagy in the treatment of spinal cord injury. The variability in results among the studies may be associated with differences in research methods, the lack of clearly defined autophagy characteristics after spinal cord injury, and the limited autophagy monitoring techniques. Thus, methods should be standardized, and the dynamic regulation of autophagy should be examined in future studies.

9.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(2): 1205-1215, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Skin is a dynamic organ that maintains homeostasis and provides protection against environmental stimuli and pathogens. However, constant solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation can induce photoaging and photocarcinogenesis, thus reducing skin barrier function by altering skin at the cellular and structural levels. Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) ameliorate signs of skin photoaging, but their antiphotoaging mechanism remains elusive. In this study, we explored the mechanism by which ADSCs improve skin photoaging. METHODS: Female C57BL/6J mice were used as experimental subjects and were randomly divided into three groups. We used Western blot analysis, Real time-polymerase chain reaction, and immunofluorescence to analyze the expression of photoaging- and photocarcinogenesis-related inflammasomes, extracellular matrix components, and related factors. RESULTS: The results showed that ADSCs reduced the UVB irradiation-mediated increase in MMP2, MMP13, phospho-NF-κB p65, Nlrp3, and VCAM-1 mRNA expression. The TGF-ß2 expression trend was opposite that of the above genes. ADSCs ameliorated the downregulation of α6 integrin, CD34, and collagen I by UVB irradiation. Simultaneously, ADSCs reduced the overexpression of COX2 and TNF-α induced by UVB irradiation. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrated that ADSCs could restore skin barrier function at the cellular and structural levels, enhance hair follicle stem cell (HFSCs) activity by regulating TGF-ß2 and inhibit photoaging- and photocarcinogenesis-related inflammatory responses and extracellular matrix degradation.

10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2947-2952, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602838

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to discuss the protective effect and mechanism of Acanthopanax senticosus polysaccharides( ASPs) on immunological liver injury caused by conanavalin A( Con A). BALB/c mice were randomly divided into seven groups: control group,model group( Con A),low-,medium-,and high-dose( 36. 25,72. 5,145 mg·kg~(-1)) ASPs groups,bifendate( 200 mg·kg~(-1),positive drug) group and pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate( PDTC,NF-κB inhibitor,200 mg·kg~(-1)) group. ASPs groups and bifendate group were given with corresponding drugs by ig administration once daily for 7 d. Control group,model group and PDTC group were given with normal saline by ig administration once daily for 7 d. After the last ig administration,PDTC was given in DTC group by iv administration( 200 mg·kg~(-1)); 0. 5 h after that,Con A( 20 mg·kg~(-1)) was injected via the tail vein to induce immunological liver injury in all the mice except normal control group. The mice were killed 8 h later and their liver tissues were collected for histopathological examination. The contents of nitric oxide( NO),superoxide dismutase( SOD),malondialdehyde( MDA),reduced glutathione( GSHPX),interleukin( IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor( TNF-α) in liver tissues were detected by kit assay. Western blot method was used to detect TNF-α,intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1( ICAM-1),inducible nitric oxide synthase( i NOS) and nuclear factor( NF-κB) protein expression in liver tissues. As compared with model group,ASPs not only could reduce the activity of MDA,NO,IL-1ß and TNF-α,but also increase the content of GSH-PX and SOD; at the same time,the protein expression levels of TNF-α,ICAM-1,i NOS and NF-κB were reduced in liver tissues; in addition,inflammatory cell infiltration was alleviated,hepatocyte cytoplasm was loose and swollen,and nuclear condensation and staining were improved. ASPs has a protective effect on immunological liver injury,and the mechanism may be associated with regulating secretion of inflammatory cytokines and the expression of adhesion factor through NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas/metabolismo , Eleutherococcus/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Conotoxinas , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Peptídeos Cíclicos , Distribuição Aleatória , Transdução de Sinais
11.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 929, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31507422

RESUMO

Intracellular Ca2+ overload, prolongation of the action potential duration (APD), and downregulation of inward rectifier potassium (IK1) channel are hallmarks of electrical remodeling in cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure (HF). We hypothesized that enhancement of IK1 currents is a compensation for IK1 deficit and a novel modulation for cardiac Ca2+ homeostasis and pathological remodeling. In adult Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats in vivo, cardiac hypertrophy was induced by isoproterenol (Iso) injection (i.p., 3 mg/kg/d) for 3, 10, and 30 days. Neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) were isolated from 1 to 3 days SD rat pups and treated with 1 µmol/L Iso for 24 h in vitro. The effects of zacopride, a selective IK1/Kir2.1 channel agonist, on cardiac remodeling/hypertrophy were observed in the settings of 15 µg/kg in vivo and 1 µmol/L in vitro. After exposing to Iso for 3 days and 10 days, rat hearts showed distinct concentric hypertrophy and fibrosis and enhanced pumping function (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05), then progressed to dilatation and dysfunction post 30 days. Compared with the age-matched control, cardiomyocytes exhibited higher cytosolic Ca2+ (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05) and lower SR Ca2+ content (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05) all through 3, 10, and 30 days of Iso infusion. The expressions of Kir2.1 and SERCA2 were downregulated, while p-CaMKII, p-RyR2, and cleaved caspase-3 were upregulated. Iso-induced electrophysiological abnormalities were also manifested with resting potential (RP) depolarization (P < 0.01), APD prolongation (P < 0.01) in adult cardiomyocytes, and calcium overload in cultured NRVMs (P < 0.01). Zacopride treatment effectively retarded myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis, preserved the expression of Kir2.1 and some key players in Ca2+ homeostasis, normalized the RP (P < 0.05), and abbreviated APD (P < 0.01), thus lowered cytosolic [Ca2 +]i (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). IK1channel blocker BaCl2 or chloroquine largely reversed the cardioprotection of zacopride. We conclude that cardiac electrical remodeling is concurrent with structural remodeling. By enhancing cardiac IK1, zacopride prevents Iso-induced electrical remodeling around intracellular Ca2+ overload, thereby attenuates cardiac structural disorder and dysfunction. Early electrical interventions may provide protection on cardiac remodeling.

12.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(7): 658-665, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382726

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Using the CT three-dimensional reconstruction to measure the activity degree of atlanto-occipital joint and the atlantoaxial joint in different directions and its coupling movement in healthy volunteers, and three dimensional motion range of the maximum rotation position of the upper cervical spine of cervical spondylosis patients, and to analyze the differences, verifing the reliability of the method at the meantime. METHODS: From January 2014 to June 2015, 20 healthy adult subjects(healthy adult group), and 26 patients with cervieal spondylosis(cervical spondylosis group) were selected. In healthy adult group, there were 11 males and 9 females, aged from 22 to 26 years old with an average of (24.0±1.2) years, and in cervical spondylosis group, there were 24 males and 2 females, aged from 36 to 72 years old with an average of (52.8±8.6) years. Healthy adults underwent CT examination in neutral position, maximum right rotation, maximum right lateral bending, maximum flexion and extention, and cervical spondylosis patients underwent CT examination in neutral position, maximum right rotation. Then the software Mimics was used to reconstruct occiput (Oc), atlas(C1) and axial(C2) vertebral three-dimensional image. Three virtual non-collinear markers were positioned on prominent structures of foramen magnum, C1 and C2. The 3D spatial coordinates of these virtual anatomical markers entail the definition of an anatomical local coordinate system which represent the position and orientation of the bones. Segmental motions were calculated using Eulerian angle in three major planes, and the difference between cervical spondylosis group and healthy adult group were compared. Due to the inaccuracy in anatomical landmark idenrification, two groups were measured 3 times, and the reliability of the experimental metnod was verified by the intra-group correlation (intra-group ICC) and the inter-group correlation coefficient(inter-group ICC). RESULTS: Reliability verification results:the intra-group ICC and inter-group ICC results were all above 0.90, and the measurement method had high reliability. Three-dimensional activity of the upper cervical spine in healthy adults:the atlanto-occipital joint had(-6.8±1.5)° coupled left lateral bending and (8.9±2.0)° coupled extension in the maximum right rotation position, and the motion of atlanto-occipital joint had low activity[maximum was(5.3±2.6)°] in the remaining 3 positions; the rotation of atlanto-axial joint was(37.9±5.1)°, accounting for 52.34% of the total cervical spine activity[(72.4±5.0)°] in the maximum right rotation position, and rotational motion was still prominent in the remaining three positions. The relative translations of the upper cervical spine in all direction were small. The average axial rotation angle [(62.0±3.4)] ° of the total cervical spine in cervical spondylosis group was significantly lower than that in the healthy adult group, but the mean axial rotation angles of the atlanto-occipital and the atlantoaxial joint were not significantly different from those of the healthy adults(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The three-dimensional CT reconstruction method has high reliability, which can be applied to measure the movement of spine. The upper cervical spine contributed the most to the direction of rotation, and the movement in all directions are accompanied by coupled motion in the other direction. There was no significant difference in the rotation of the upper cervical spine between cervical spondylosis patients and normal subjects.


Assuntos
Articulação Atlantoaxial , Imageamento Tridimensional , Adulto , Idoso , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Vértebras Cervicais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Rotação , Coluna Vertebral , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
13.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0215357, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30990826

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the movement of the cervical spine in healthy volunteers and patients with cervical spondylosis (CS) and describe the actual motion of the cervical spine using a three-dimensional (3D) CT reconstruction method. The results can enrich current biomechanical data of cervical spine and help to find the differences between the noted two groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 20 healthy volunteers underwent CT examination ranging from the clivus of the occiput (Oc) to the top of first thoracic vertebrae (T1) in a neutral position with left or right maximal axial rotation, while 26 CS patients received the same CT scan procedures in the neutral position with left and right maximum rotation. Subsequently, the three-dimensional images of the occiput and every cervical vertebrae (C1-C7) were reconstructed using medical software. 3 virtual non-collinear markers were placed on the prominent structures of foramen magnum and every cervical vertebrae. Then, the 3D orthogonal spatial coordinates were defined with these anatomical markers to represent the orientation and position of every vertebra. Segmental relative motions were calculated using Cardan angles in the 3D spatial coordinates. Finally, the differences between the two groups were analyzed with statistical software SPSS. RESULTS: The cervical spine exhibited complicated 3D movements, which could be adequately described using the three-dimensional CT reconstruction method. Reliability analysis of the 3D CT reconstruction method showed inter-rater ICC of 0.90-0.99 and intra-rater ICC of 0.91-0.98, suggesting very good consistency. Besides, the rotation at the upper cervical spine (Oc-C2) took up at least 60% of the total cervical rotation. The coupled lateral bending movement of the upper cervical spine was opposite to the major motion, while the movement of the lower cervical spine followed the same direction as that of the major motion. Oc to C5 segments were all coupled with the back-extension movement. The relative translations of all adjacent segments in each direction were minimal. CS patients showed a significant decrease in the movement of the C4-C5 segment compared with healthy volunteers. CONCLUSION: The motion of the cervical spine was complicated and three-dimensional. The CT reconstruction method employed here was good at describing such movement. The 3D CT reconstruction method exhibited high reproducibility when measuring cervical spine movement. CS patients and healthy volunteers showed significant differences in the movement of some segments.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais , Cabeça/fisiopatologia , Rotação , Espondilose , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Idoso , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Espondilose/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilose/fisiopatologia , Vértebras Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/fisiopatologia
14.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 854: 39-47, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30951720

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence has suggested that Glypican-5 (GPC5) is a tumor suppressor gene in many types of cancers. However, whether GPC5 is involved in glioma remains unknown. This study was designed to explore the expression, biological function and regulatory mechanism of GPC5 in glioma. Our results demonstrated that GPC5 expression was significantly decreased in multiple glioma cell lines. Gain-of-function experiments showed that the ectopic expression of GPC5 markedly inhibited the proliferation, invasion and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling of glioma cell lines. GPC5 was identified as a target gene of microRNA-301b (miR-301b). Further data showed that miR-301b expression was significantly up-regulated in glioma tissues and cell lines. In addition, miR-301b expression was inversely correlated with GPC5 expression in clinical glioma tissues. The overexpression of miR-301b promoted the proliferation, invasion and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling of glioma cell lines, whereas the inhibition of miR-301b showed the opposite effect. However, the silencing of GPC5 significantly reversed the antitumor effect of miR-301b inhibition. Overall, our results revealed a tumor suppressive role of GPC5 in glioma and suggested that GPC5 expression was regulated by miR-301b. Our study indicates that the inhibition of miR-301b represses the proliferation and invasion of glioma cells by up-regulating GPC5 expression.


Assuntos
Glioma/patologia , Glipicanas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Glipicanas/deficiência , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica
15.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(10): 952-956, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512969

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether lithium can exert neuroprotective effects by promoting autophagy. METHODS: SH-SY5Y cells were divided into 4 groups, including control group(handled with normal culture solution), model group (handled with 200 µmol/L H2O2), lithium group (handled with 200 µmol/L H2O2 and 1.0 mmol/L LiCl medium), 3-MA group (handled with 200 µmol/L H2O2, 1.0 mmol/L LiCl and 5 mmol/L 3-MA). After 6 hours of culture, MTT assay and immunohistochemical staining of Beclin 1 and LC3b were performed to evaluate cell survival and autophagy. RESULTS: The cell survival rate of lithium group was significantly high than that of the model group(P<0.05), while the 3-MA group was lower(P<0.05). After 3-MA intervention, the cell survival rate was lower than that of control group, model group and lithium group(P<0.05). After H2O2 treatment, the staining area of Beclin 1 and LC3b was increased and the staining was deeper, and after LiCl handling, the staining area of Beclin 1 and LC3b was further increased and the staining was more deeper. The staining area of Beclin 1 and LC3b in 3-MA group was larger than that in control group, but was smaller than that in model group and lithium group, and the staining was lighter. CONCLUSIONS: Lithium can promote the survival of damaged nerve cells, and inducing autophagy is probably one of the neuroprotective mechanisms of lithium.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Apoptose , Proteína Beclina-1 , Sobrevivência Celular , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Lítio
16.
Neural Regen Res ; 13(12): 2191-2199, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30323152

RESUMO

Lithium promotes autophagy and has a neuroprotective effect on spinal cord injury (SCI); however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the effects of lithium and the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) in a rat model of SCI. The rats were randomly assigned to the SCI, lithium, 3-MA and sham groups. In the 3-MA group, rats were intraperitoneally injected with 3-MA (3 mg/kg) 2 hours before SCI. In the lithium and 3-MA groups, rats were intraperitoneally injected with lithium (LiCl; 30 mg/kg) 6 hours after SCI and thereafter once daily until sacrifice. At 2, 3 and 4 weeks after SCI, neurological function and diffusion tensor imaging indicators were remarkably improved in the lithium group compared with the SCI and 3-MA groups. The Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan locomotor rating scale score and fractional anisotropy values were increased, and the apparent diffusion coefficient value was decreased. Immunohistochemical staining showed that immunoreactivities for Beclin-1 and light-chain 3B peaked 1 day after SCI in the lithium and SCI groups. Immunoreactivities for Beclin-1 and light-chain 3B were weaker in the 3-MA group than in the SCI group, indicating that 3-MA inhibits lithium-induced autophagy. Furthermore, NeuN+ neurons were more numerous in the lithium group than in the SCI and 3-MA groups, with the fewest in the latter. Our findings show that lithium reduces neuronal damage after acute SCI and promotes neurological recovery by inducing autophagy. The neuroprotective mechanism of action may not be entirely dependent on the enhancement of autophagy, and furthermore, 3-MA might not completely inhibit all autophagy pathways.

17.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 43(9): 601-5, 2018 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30232872

RESUMO

Acupuncture has been used to treat diabetes mellitus (DM) for more than one thousand years. In the present paper, we review new progress of researches on the underlying mechanism of acupuncture intervention for DM. Results showed that acupuncture intervention can relieve DM by 1) reducing body weight through up-regulating leptin level, suppressing insulin resistance and appetite to reduce food intake possibly by way of down-regulating expression of neuropeptide Y in the hypothalamus, retarding gastric emptying velocity, increasing small intestinal peristalsis, raising plasma levels of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY, etc.; 2) improving pancreas function, raising insulin sensitivity to improve insulin resistance possibly by activating AMP-activated protein kinase and sirtuin 1/ peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1 α signaling, up-regulating activities of cholinergic nerve activity and nitric oxide synthase, and inhibiting apoptosis of pancreatic beta-cells; 3) lowering blood glucose possibly by increasing anaerobic glucose metabolism, regulating activities of vagal and sympathetic nerves; 4) adjusting the levels of related hormones such as melatonin, insulin, glucocorticold, epinephrine, etc. Moreover, acupuncture treatment combined with hypoglycemic drugs has a synergic effect in lowering blood glucose, suggesting a potentially effective approach for improving DM and being worthy of further studying in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes , Insulina
18.
Mol Pain ; 14: 1744806918787368, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29921169

RESUMO

Painful neuropathy is a frequent comorbidity in diabetes. Zucker diabetic fatty (fa/fa) rats develop type 2 diabetes spontaneously with aging and show nociceptive hypersensitivity at the age of 13 weeks. In preclinical and clinical studies, the treatment of diabetic neuropathy is challenging, but complementary medicine such as transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) appears beneficial to the relief of neuropathic pain. However, the mechanism behind the effectiveness of taVNS remains unclear. In this study, we show that daily 30-min taVNS (2/15 Hz, 2 mA) for consecutive 27 days effectively inhibited the development of nociceptive hypersensitivity in Zucker diabetic fatty rats as detected by thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia in hindpaw. We also demonstrated that this beneficial effect in nociceptive behavior is related to an elevated serotonin (5-HT) plasma concentration and an upregulated expression of 5-HT receptor type 1A (5-HT1AR) in hypothalamus. We conclude that daily 30-min taVNS sessions lessen diabetic neuropathy development by enhancing serotonergic function in genetically diabetes prone individuals. Perspective This article presents taVNS as a new approach to inhibit the development of diabetic neuropathy in genetically prone individuals. This approach could potentially help clinicians who seek to avoid the complication of neuropathic pain in diabetic patient or to relieve the pain if there was one.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Central/metabolismo , Neuropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Neuropatias Diabéticas/terapia , Estimulação do Nervo Vago , Animais , Neuropatias Diabéticas/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Hiperalgesia/etiologia , Hiperalgesia/terapia , Masculino , Metalotioneína/metabolismo , Medição da Dor , Limiar da Dor/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Zucker , Receptor 5-HT1A de Serotonina/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Mol Med Rep ; 17(5): 7209-7217, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29568877

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the major type of primary bone tumor and is associated with a poor prognosis due to chemotherapy resistance. Accumulating evidence indicates that microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) may influence the tumor progression of OS and cell sensitivity to chemotherapy. In the present study, a total of 7 patients with OS and 7 healthy volunteers were recruited. Reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction and ELISA were performed to determine the expression of miRNAs and mRNAs in the serum of participants. Furthermore, the biological function of miR­22 and S100A11 was examined in MG­63 cells using Cell Counting Kit­8 assays, Transwell migration assays and western blot analysis to determine the effects on cell proliferation, migration and protein expression, respectively, while MG­63 cell sensitivity to cisplatin was assessed by measuring cell viability following cisplatin treatment and calculating the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50). Additionally, the association between miR­22 and S100 calcium­binding protein A11 (S100A11) was validated using a luciferase reporter assay. The results demonstrated that miR­22 expression was significantly reduced in patients with OS and the MG­63 OS cell line, compared with healthy volunteers and the normal osteoblast hFOB 1.19 cell line, respectively, while the expression of S100A11 was negatively associated with miR­22 levels in the MG­63 cell line. Furthermore, overexpression of miR­22 inhibited the proliferation and migratory ability of MG­63 cells, and increased the sensitivity of MG­63 cells to cisplatin treatment; however, overexpression of S100A11 partially attenuated the alterations in proliferation, migratory ability and chemosensitivity that were induced by miR­22 overexpression. In addition, it was confirmed that S100A11 is a direct target gene of miR­22 in MG­63 cells. In conclusion, to the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first to demonstrate that miR­22 may be a promising therapeutic target and may have potential as part of a combination treatment alongside chemotherapeutic agents for OS.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteossarcoma/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Criança , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Proteínas S100/genética , Adulto Jovem
20.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 102: 26-33, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29549726

RESUMO

Caveolin-1 (Cav-1), as a membrane protein involved in the formation of caveolae, binds steroid receptors and endothelial nitric oxide synthase, limiting its translocation and activation. In the present study, we investigated the role of Cav-1 in the progression of hepatic fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in murine animals. Therefore, the wild type (WT) and Cav-1-knockout (Cav-1-/-) mice were used in our study and subjected to CCl4. The results indicated that CCl4 induced the decrease of Cav-1 expression in liver tissue samples. And Cav-1-/- intensified CCl4-triggered hepatic injury, evidenced by the stronger hepatic histological alterations, serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels and liver terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells. CCl4 led to oxidative stress, supported by the reduced superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and glutathione (GSH) levels, as well as enhanced malondialdehyde (MDA) and O2- levels in liver samples. And the process was intensified by Cav-1-/-. Additionally, CCl4-caused hepatic inflammation was aggregated by Cav-1-/- via further increasing the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Moreover, CCl4-caused fibrosis was strengthened by Cav-1-/-, which was evidenced by the up-regulation of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), collagen alpha 1 type 1 (Col1A1), lysyl oxidase (Lox) and transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) in liver tissues. Similar results were observed in TGF-ß1-stimulated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and LX-2 cells without Cav-1 expressions that in vitro, suppressing Cav-1 further accelerated TGF-ß1-induced oxidative stress, inflammation and fibrosis development. In conclusion, our results indicated that Cav-1 played an important role in CCl4-induced hepatic injury, which may be used as potential therapeutic target for hepatic fibrosis treatment.


Assuntos
Caveolina 1/genética , Inflamação/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Actinas/genética , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Tetracloreto de Carbono/toxicidade , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Estreladas do Fígado/patologia , Humanos , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Inflamação/genética , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
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