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1.
BMJ Open ; 9(5): e028007, 2019 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147367

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There are country and regional variations in the prevalence of hyperuricaemia (HUA). The prevalence of HUA and non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) in southern China is unknown. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11 488 permanent residents aged 35 or older from urban and rural areas of Guangzhou, China were enrolled. A questionnaire was used to compile each participant's demographic information and relevant epidemiological factors for HUA and NVAF. All participants were assessed using a panel of blood tests and single-lead 24-hour ECG. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: HUA was defined as serum uric acid level >420 µmol/L in men and >360 µmol/L in women. NVAF was diagnosed as per guidelines. RESULTS: The prevalence of HUA was 39.6% (44.8% in men and 36.7% in women), and 144 residents (1.25%) had NVAF. Prevalence of HUA increased with age in women but remained stably high in men. After adjusting for potential confounders, age, living in urban areas, alcohol consumption, central obesity, elevated fasting plasma glucose level, elevated blood pressure, lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level and elevated triglycerides level were associated with increased risk of HUA. Residents with HUA were at higher risk for NVAF. Serum uric acid level had a modest predictive value for NVAF in women but not men. CONCLUSIONS: HUA was highly prevalent among citizens of southern China and was a predictor of NVAF among women.

2.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 19(1): 90, 2019 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ECG characteristics of the distal coronary venous system ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) share common features with VAs arising from the aortic cusps or the endocardial left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) beneath the cusps. The purpose of this study was to identify specific electrocardiographic and electrophysiological characteristics of VAs originating from the distal great cardiac vein (GCV). METHODS: Based on the successful ablation site, patients with idiopathic VAs from the distal GCV, left coronary cusp (LCC) or the subvalvular left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) area were included in the present study. RESULTS: The final population consisted of 39 patients (35 males, mean age 51 ± 23 years). All VAs displayed a right bundle branch block (RBBB) morphology with inferior axis. Among these patients, 15 were successfully ablated at the GCV, 15 at the LCC and 9 at the subvalvular region. A "w" pattern in lead I was present in 12 out of 15 (80%) VAs originating from the distal GCV compared to none of VAs arising from the other two sites (p < 0.01). VAs with a GCV origin exhibited more commonly increased intrinsicoid deflection time, higher maximum deflection index and wider QRS duration compared to LCC and subvalvular sites (p < 0.05). Acceptable pace mapping at the successful ablation site was achieved in 10 patients. After an average of 36 ± 24 months follow up, 14 (93.3%) patients were free from VAs recurrence. CONCLUSION: A "w" pattern in lead I may distinguish distal GCV VAs from VAs arising from the LCC or the subvalvular region.

3.
Heart Vessels ; 34(5): 860-867, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30599061

RESUMO

To investigate the safety and midterm outcome of concomitant left atrial appendage (LAA) closure and catheter ablation (CA) as a one-stage hybrid procedure for non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) in a multicenter registry. A total of 50 consecutive patients with symptomatic drug-resistant non-valvular AF with CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥ 2 and contraindications for antithrombotic therapy were included in the prospectively established LAA closure registry, and underwent concomitant LAA closure (48 for WATCHMAN and 2 for ACP) and CA procedure (40 for radiofrequency and 10 for cryoballoon CA). Two cardiac tamponades, one peripheral vascular complications and one mild air embolism were observed during perioperative period. After mean follow-up of 20.2 ± 11.5 months, 18 (36%) patients presented with atrial arrhythmia relapse and 45 (91.8%) patients presented with complete sealing; furthermore, there were two transient ischemic attacks and one ischemic stroke under an off-oral anticoagulant situation, respectively. Concomitant CA and LAA closure as a one-stage hybrid procedure might be feasible and potentially decrease costs in patients with symptomatic non-valvular AF with high stroke risk and contraindication to antithrombotic treatment, and as safe as LAA closure procedure only during the perioperative period. However, it was necessary to further validate the mid-term safety.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Int Heart J ; 2018 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30518718

RESUMO

The incidence of atrial tachycardia (AT) after rheumatic mitral valvular (RMV) surgery has been well described. However, there have been few reports on the characteristics, mechanism, and long-term ablation outcome of ATs after RMV surgery and concomitant Cox-MAZE IV procedure.The present study reviewed consecutive patients who underwent AT ablation between May 2008 and July 2013. All patients were refractory to antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) and had a history of RMV surgery and Cox-MAZE IV procedure. A total of 34 patients underwent AT ablation after RMV surgery and concomitant Cox-MAZE IV procedure, and presented 57 mappable and 2 unmappable ATs. The 57 mappable ATs included 14 focal-ATs and 43 reentry-ATs. Ten of the 14 focal-like ATs were located at the pulmonary vein (PV) antrum and border of a box lesion. Of the 43 reentry-ATs, 16 were marco-reentrant around the mitral annulus (MA) and 16 around the tricuspid annulus. There were 41 atypical ATs (non-cavotricuspid isthmus related) including 16 ATs related to the box lesion and 21 ATs related to other Cox-MAZE IV lesions. The AT were successfully terminated in 33 (97.1%) patients. After mean follow-up of 46.9 ± 15.7 months, 25 (73.5%) patients maintained sinus rhythm without AADs after a single procedure and 28 (82.4%) patients after repeated procedures.The recurrent ATs after RMV surgery and concomitant Cox-MAZE IV were mainly reentry mechanism, and largely related to LA. An incomplete lesion or re-conductive gaps in a prior lesion might be the predominant mechanisms for these ATs. Catheter-based mapping and ablation of these ATs seems to be effective and safe during a long-term follow-up.

5.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 15(6): 408-412, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30108612

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the predictive value of red cell distribution width (RDW) on left atrial thrombus (LAT) or left atrial spontaneous echo contrast (LASEC) in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: We reviewed 692 patients who were diagnosed as non-valvular AF and underwent transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute from April 2014 to December 2015. The baseline clinical characteristics, laboratory test of blood routine, electrocardiograph measurements were analyzed. Results: Eighty-four patients were examined with LAT/LASEC under TEE. The mean RDW level was significantly higher in LAT/LASEC patients compared with the non-LAT/LASEC patients (13.59% ± 1.07% vs. 14.34% ± 1.34%; P < 0.001). Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis was performed and indicated the best RDW cut point was 13.16%. Furthermore, multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that RDW level > 13.16% could be an independent risk factor for LAT/LASEC in patients with AF. Conclusion: Elevated RDW level is associated with the presence of LAT/LASEC and could be with moderate predictive value for LAT/LASEC in patients with non-valvular AF.

7.
Cardiology ; 140(2): 87-95, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29920487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine the association of CHADS2/CHA2DS2-VASc scores with left atrial thrombus (LAT) and spontaneous echocardiographic contrast (SEC) in non-anticoagulated nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) spontaneous patients, and to develop a new scoring system for LAT/SEC prediction. METHODS: Consecutive non-anticoagulated NVAF patients with or without LAT/SEC by transesophageal echocardiography were identified in the Guangdong General Hospital. RESULTS: Among 2,173 patients, the prevalence of LAT/SEC was 4.9%. Both predictive values of CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores for the presence of LAT/SEC were low-to-moderate (receiver operating characteristic [ROC] = 0.591 and 0.608, respectively, p = 0.90). By multivariate analysis, non-paroxysmal AF, decreased left ventricular ejection fraction, and left atrial enlargement were positively associated with LAT/SEC, while CHADS2/CHA2DS2VASc scores were not. A new scoring system based on these 3 factors above significantly improved the discrimination for LAT/SEC (ROC = 0.792). CONCLUSIONS: CHADS2/CHA2DS2-VASc scores had limited value in predicting LAT/SEC; a new scoring system that combines AF type and echocardiographic parameters may better predict LAT/SEC as a surrogate for cardioembolic risk in NVAF patients.

8.
Int J Cardiol ; 258: 103-108, 2018 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29467096

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between hyperuricemia and left atrial thrombus (LAT)/spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) and to determine the predictive value of hyperuricemia in non-valvular (NV) atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. METHODS: The study retrospectively reviewed 1198 consecutive patients (male 801, female 397, and mean age of 56.84 ±â€¯12.22) who were diagnosed with AF and accepted transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) prior to catheter ablation, appendage occlusion and electrical cardioversion using a single-center database. The clinical baseline characteristics were collected from medical record review and analyzed. Patients were categorized into an LAT/SEC group and a normal group. RESULTS: According to the TEE examination, there were 97 (8.1%) patients with abnormality; of these, 49 were with LAT and 48 with SEC. The mean serum uric acid (SUA) level and hyperuricemia proportion were markedly higher in patients with LAT/SEC. The significant predictive effect was observed in the SUA level (OR = 1.006) and hyperuricemia (OR = 2.04). After adjustment for persistent/permanent-AF, age, gender, LA dimension > 40 mm, previous stroke, hypertension and diabetes, the SUA level (OR = 1.004) and hyperuricemia (OR = 1.69) were independent predictors for LAT/SEC. The SUA level (OR = 1.004) and hyperuricemia (OR = 1.69) were independent predictors for LAT/SEC, Further subgroup analysis in different CHA2DS2-VASc categories, it might be helpful to refine the LAT/SEC risk via combination area CHA2DS2-VASc score and hyperuricemia, especially in those with CHA2DS2-VASc score < 2. CONCLUSIONS: The SUA level and hyperuricemia proportion are closely associated with LA stasis. Hyperuricemia might independently predict and refine LA stasis risk among NVAF patients, especially in those with CHA2DS2-VASc score < 2.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperuricemia/sangue , Hiperuricemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Ecocardiografia/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ácido Úrico/sangue
11.
Heart Rhythm ; 13(7): 1460-7, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26961304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia (ILVT), the arrhythmogenic substrate is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the ILVT characteristics and outcome of radiofrequency catheter ablation in patients with ILVT. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with ILVT and 15 patients with left accessory pathways (control) underwent high-density mapping of the left His-Purkinje system during sinus rhythm (SR) using 3-dimensional electroanatomic mapping. RESULTS: Fragmented antegrade Purkinje potential (FAP) was represented at the left ventricular septum slightly inferoposterior to the left posterior fascicle (LPF) in 23 patients with ILVT. In control subjects, no FAPs could be recorded at the same region, FAPs were identified at the proximal portion of the LPF (4 patients) and at the distal LPF (1 patient). The finding of any FAPs in ILVT patients was significantly higher than that in control patients (23/24 vs 5/15, P < .01). Radiofrequency ablation at the area of FAP resulted in successful ablation in 23 patients with ILVT. No ILVT recurred during follow-up of 16.3 ± 7.2 months. CONCLUSION: In patients with ILVT, FAP located at the left ventricular septum slightly inferoposterior to the LPF is a novel finding using 3-dimensional electroanatomic mapping. The FAP may represent an arrhythmogenic substrate in ILVT and may be used for guiding successful ablation.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Potencial de Superfície Corporal/métodos , Ventrículos do Coração , Taquicardia Ventricular , Adolescente , Adulto , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional/métodos , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas/métodos , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Ramos Subendocárdicos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Taquicardia Ventricular/etiologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia
12.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 12(6): 641-6, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26788041

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) and left atrial spontaneous echo contrast (LA-SEC) in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. METHODS: We retrospectively screened 1,476 consecutive hospitalized patients with AF who underwent transesophageal echocardiography prior to radiofrequency catheter ablation, left atrial appendage closure and electric cardioversion at Guangdong General Hospital. Data on the clinical baseline characteristics of all patients were collected from electronic medical records and analyzed. RESULTS: After exclusion of patients with left atrial thrombus, 1,354 patients entered into present study and 57 were LA-SEC. The mean female SUA level (380.88 ± 94.35 µmol/L vs. 323.37 ± 72.19 µmol/L, P < 0.001) and male SUA level (416.97 ± 98.87 µmol/L vs. 367.88 ± 68.50 µmol/L, P = 0.008) were both significantly higher in patients with LA-SEC than in the controls. The mean left atrial dimension (41.32 ± 5.12 mm vs. 36.12 ± 5.66 mm, P < 0.001) was markedly larger in patients with LA-SEC. In multivariate regression analysis, SUA level was an independent risk factor for LA-SEC (OR: 1.008, P < 0.001). In receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the corresponding area under the curve for SUA predicting LA-SEC in female and male were 0.670 and 0.657, respectively. SUA level is significantly higher in non-valvular AF patients with LA-SEC. CONCLUSION: SUA level is an independent risk factor and has a moderate predictive value for LA-SEC among non-valvular AF patients in Southern China.

13.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 37(5): 624-9, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24456278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ablation of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) originating from the vicinity of tricuspid annulus (TA) is often unsuccessful via inferior approach. We report the initial experience with catheter ablation of VAs arising from the vicinity of the TA via superior approach. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 36 patients with VAs arising from the vicinity of TA who underwent ablation via transfemoral vein approach first. If patients had a failed prior ablation or VAs recurred during follow-up, they were referred for repeat ablation via transsubclavian vein approach. RESULTS: Among 36 patients, 11 (30.6%) patients (five failed during the index procedure and six recurred during the follow-up) were assigned to perform repeat ablation via the transsubclavian vein approach. After the final procedure two patients recurred again, and success rate increased from 69.5% (25/36) to 94.4% (34/36). Amplitudes of the atrial electrograms of all successful ablation sites via the transsubclavian vein approach was <0.036 mV. CONCLUSIONS: The transsubclavian vein approach plus transfemoral vein approach improve the outcomes of catheter ablation of idiopathic VAs originating from the vicinity of TA. The transsubclavian vein approach is a feasible alternative for VAs, which has been refractory to ablation via the inferior approach.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/cirurgia , Taquicardia Ventricular/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros/diagnóstico , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Thorac Dis ; 6(12): 1724-30, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25589965

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study is to analyze the epidemiological profile of patients with abnormal valvular structure and function and highlight the etiological spectrum and management of valvular heart disease (VHD) in a single cardiovascular center of Southern China in five years. METHODS: The retrospective study included 19,428 consecutive patients (9,441 men and 9,987 women with a mean age of 52.03±20.50 years) with abnormal valvular structure and function who were screened by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) or transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) at the in-patient department of Guangdong General Hospital from January 2009 to December 2013. Data on baseline characteristics, potential etiology, treatment strategies and discharge outcomes were collected from electronic medical records. RESULTS: There were 13,549 (69.7%) patients with relatively definite etiology for VHD. VHD was rheumatic in 7,197 (37.0%) patients, congenital in 2,697 (13.9%), degenerative in 2,241 (11.5%), ischemic in 2,460 (12.7%). The prevalence decreased significantly in rheumatic VHD from 2009 to 2013 (from 42.8% to 32.8%, P<0.001), but increased markedly in congenital VHD (from 9.0% to 12.3%, P<0.001), ischemic VHD (from 9.2% to 11.3%, P=0.003) and degenerative VHD (from 8.8% to 14.5%, P<0.001). Meantime, the prevalence of ischemic VHD increased after the age of 45, similar to that of degenerative VHD. From 2009 to 2013, the proportion of patients with VHD undergoing open cardiac valvular surgery decreased (from 49.5% to 44.3%, P<0.001) and that of patients treated with general medication increased (from 49.2% to 54.1%, P<0.001). However, there was markedly increment in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) from 2009 to 2013 (from 0.3% to 4.4%, P<0.001). Increasing tendencies were showed in aortic mechanical valve replacement (from 32.1% to 34.5%, P=0.001) and double mechanical valve replacement (from 20.9% to 22.3%, P=0.035), especially in mitral valvuloplasty (from 8.5% to 15.7%, P<0.001). However, the proportion of patients undergoing bioprosthetic valve replacement decreased from 2009 to 2013 (from 26.3% to 15.5%, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Despite a significant shift from rheumatic towards degenerative etiology from 2009 to 2013, rheumatic VHD remains the leading etiology in Southern China, with a significant increase in the prevalence of ischemic, congenital and degenerative VHD. General medication and cardiac valvular surgery remain the main treatment options. The proportion of VATS increased markedly from 2009 to 2013, and mechanical valve replacement and mitral valvuloplasty showed an increasing tendency.

15.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 13: 7, 2013 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23419096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation has been established as a curative treatment strategy for ventricular arrhythmias. The standard procedure of most ventricular arrhythmias originating from the right ventricle is performed via the femoral vein. However, a femoral vein access may not achieve a successful ablation in some patients. CASE PRESENTATION: We reported a case of a 29-year old patient with symptomatic premature ventricular contractions was referred for catheter ablation. Radiofrequency energy application at the earliest endocardial ventricular activation site via the right femoral vein could not eliminate the premature ventricular contractions. Epicardial mapping could not obtain an earlier ventricular activation when compared to the endocardial mapping, and at the earliest epicardial site could not provide an identical pace mapping. Finally, we redeployed the ablation catheter via the right subclavian vein by a long sheath. During mapping of the subvalvular area of the right ventricle, a site with a good pace mapping and early ventricular activation was found, and premature ventricular contractions were eliminated successfully. CONCLUSION: Ventricular arrhythmias originating from the subtricuspid annulus may be successfully abolished via a trans-subclavian approach and a long sheath. Although access via the right subclavian vein for mapping and ablation is an effective alternative, it is not a routine approach.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Veia Subclávia , Terapia Assistida por Computador , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros/cirurgia , Adulto , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Radiografia Intervencionista , Veia Subclávia/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros/diagnóstico , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros/fisiopatologia
16.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 124(13): 1976-82, 2011 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22088456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) is a pleiotropic proinflammatory cytokine and contributes to many kinds of cardiovascular diseases via its receptors (TNFR1/TNFR2). We hypothesize that TNF-α plays a role in the pathogenesis of chronic atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Sixty-seven consecutive patients who were scheduled to have cardiac surgery were enrolled into the study. Thirty-one patients with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and AF were enrolled as study group (AF group). The sinus rhythm (SR) control groups consisted of 20 patients with RHD and 16 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Peripheral blood sample was collected before the operation. About 5 mm(3) left atrial tissue was disserted during the operation and was separated into three parts for Western blotting, real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis. RESULTS: Compared with the controls (RHD SR and CAD SR), the levels of TNF-α ((14.40 ± 5.45) pg/ml vs. (4.20 ± 3.19) pg/ml vs. (2.68 ± 2.20) pg/ml, P = 0.000) and its soluble receptor 1 (sTNFR1) ((1623.9 ± 558.6) pg/ml vs. (1222.3 ± 175.6) pg/ml vs. (1387.5 ± 362.2) pg/ml, P = 0.001) in plasma were higher in patients with AF. TNF-α level had positive correlation with the left atrial diameter (LAD) (r = 0.642, P = 0.000). Western blotting analysis showed that the protein levels of TNF-α (0.618 ± 0.236 vs. 0.234 ± 0.178 vs. 0.180 ± 0.103, P = 0.000) were higher in patients with AF. The RT-PCR analysis results demonstrated that the mRNA expression of TNF-α (0.103 ± 0.047 vs. 0.031 ± 0.027 vs. 0.023 ± 0.018, P = 0.000) increased in patients with AF. IHC analysis displayed that, comparing to the SR, the expression of TNF-α (0.125 ± 0.025 vs. 0.080 ± 0.027 vs. 0.070 ± 0.023, P = 0.000) increased in the AF group. The protein level and mRNA expression of TNF-α also had positive correlation with left atrium diameter (LAD) (r = 0.415, P = 0.000 and r = 0.499, P = 0.000). CONCLUSIONS: The results revealed that TNF-α elevated in the plasma and left atrial tissue and had positive correlation with LAD in patients of chronic AF. TNF-α might involve in the pathogenesis of chronic AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Fibrilação Atrial/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Idoso , Western Blotting , Feminino , Átrios do Coração/metabolismo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 89(44): 3135-7, 2009 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20193277

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors of thrombosis in left atrium (LA) or left atrial appendage (LAA) in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. METHODS: Two hundred and eight patients under 65 year old with atrial fibrillation (AF) were included and all of them received examination of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Thrombus formation in LA/LAA was found in 23 patients (thrombus group) but absent in the remaining 185 patients (nonthrombus group). All patients were analyzed by univariate regression and binary logistic regression to investigate the relationship between the occurrence of LA/LAA thrombosis and these factors (such as case history, smoking/drinking preference, indicators of clinical blood examination and ultrasound imaging study, etc) RESULTS: Univariate analysis revealed that diameter of LA [(34.9 +/- 4.4) mm vs (42.2 +/- 6.5) mm, P = 0.000], ratio of chest and heart (60/185 vs 20/23 P = 0.000), brain infarction/transient ischemic attack (TAI) (7/185 vs 6/23 P = 0.000), smoking (30/185 vs 8/23, P = 0.030), fibrinogen (FIB) [(3.0 +/- 0.7)g/L vs (3.5 +/- 1.0) g/L, P = 0.000], coronary artery disease (CAD) (10/185 vs 6/23, P = 0.000) and LVDd [(45.7 +/- 4.1) mm vs (48.5 +/- 5.7) mm, P = 0.000] and LVEF [(65.1 +/- 6.6) mm vs (59.3 +/- 1.3) mm, P = 0.050] were significant between nonthrombus group and thrombus group (P < 0.05). However binary logistic regression analysis identified that only LAD, ratio of chest and heart, brain infarction/TAI and FIB were the significant and independent predictors of LA/LAA thrombosis. CONCLUSION: Diameter of LA, ratio of chest and heart, brain infarction/TAI and FIB are independent risk factors of thrombosis in patients under 65 year old with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. These patients need a better anticoagulation.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Átrios do Coração/fisiopatologia , Trombose/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/epidemiologia
18.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 35(2): 127-31, 2007 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17445404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of radiofrequency catheter ablation on left atrial (LA) size and function in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) and whether there is any difference between segmental pulmonary vein ostial isolation (SPVI) and circumferential pulmonary vein ablation (CPVA). METHODS: Sixty-six patients with highly symptomatic atrial fibrillation were assigned to undergo either SPVI or CPVA. Transthorax echocardiography was performed before, 1 day, 1 months and 3 months after the procedure. LA dimension, LA area, late diastolic peak velocity of mitral valve inflow (A) and peak atrial systolic mitral annulus velocity (A') were recorded. RESULTS: Of 66 consecutive patients with symptomatic PAF, 30 patients underwent SPVI and 36 underwent CPVA. After a mean follow-up of (315 +/- 153) days, 21 patients (70%) after SPVI and 28 patients (75%) after CPVA were free of atrial tachyarrhythmia. As compared with the baseline, LA area decreased at 1-month after ablation in SPVI group and at 3-month in CPVA group. LA dimension decreased also in SPVI group, but did not in CPVA group. A velocity and A' velocity declined remarkably 1 day after CPVA, and restored 3 months later. The former went back to the level of baseline, and the latter exceeded it apparently. In SPVI group, A velocity increased at 1-month, and maintained in 3-month after ablation. A' velocity increased at 3-month after ablation. No reduction of A velocity or A' velocity was found after SPVI. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated a decrease in LA area and an improvement in LA systolic function 3 months after ablation for PAF. The LA damage by CPVA was more than that by SPVI, which was characterized by the reduction of LA function 1 day after procedure and the delayed improvement of LA size and functional parameters.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Ablação por Cateter , Adulto , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Função do Átrio Esquerdo , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veias Pulmonares , Ultrassonografia
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