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1.
BMJ Open ; 9(5): e028007, 2019 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147367

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There are country and regional variations in the prevalence of hyperuricaemia (HUA). The prevalence of HUA and non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) in southern China is unknown. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11 488 permanent residents aged 35 or older from urban and rural areas of Guangzhou, China were enrolled. A questionnaire was used to compile each participant's demographic information and relevant epidemiological factors for HUA and NVAF. All participants were assessed using a panel of blood tests and single-lead 24-hour ECG. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: HUA was defined as serum uric acid level >420 µmol/L in men and >360 µmol/L in women. NVAF was diagnosed as per guidelines. RESULTS: The prevalence of HUA was 39.6% (44.8% in men and 36.7% in women), and 144 residents (1.25%) had NVAF. Prevalence of HUA increased with age in women but remained stably high in men. After adjusting for potential confounders, age, living in urban areas, alcohol consumption, central obesity, elevated fasting plasma glucose level, elevated blood pressure, lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level and elevated triglycerides level were associated with increased risk of HUA. Residents with HUA were at higher risk for NVAF. Serum uric acid level had a modest predictive value for NVAF in women but not men. CONCLUSIONS: HUA was highly prevalent among citizens of southern China and was a predictor of NVAF among women.

2.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(6-7): 420-429, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31133543

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been associated with incident atrial fibrillation (AF) and its complications, but data from Asian cohorts are limited. AIM: To explore the relationship of AF recurrence after catheter ablation (CA) with eGFR as a continuous variable, and with different renal function categories (normal: estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] ≥90mL/min/1.73 m2; mild CKD: eGFR 60-89mL/min/1.73 m2; moderate CKD: eGFR 45-59mL/min/1.73 m2; severe CKD: <45mL/min/1.73 m2), using data from the Guangzhou Atrial Fibrillation Ablation Registry. METHODS: We studied consecutive symptomatic adult patients with non-valvular AF, refractory to at least one antiarrhythmic drug and eligible for CA, in Guangdong General Hospital between June 2011 and August 2015. RESULTS: Data were available from 1407 consecutive patients (mean age 57.3±11.5 years; 68% men) with non-valvular AF undergoing radiofrequency or cryoballoon ablation. During a mean follow-up of 20.7±8.8 months, 18.6% of patients with paroxysmal AF and 50.5% with non-paroxysmal AF had AF recurrence. On multivariable analysis, eGFR (hazard ratio [HR] 0.97, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.96-0.97) was an independent risk factor for AF recurrence, with a good predictive value (area under the curve 0.74, 95% CI 0.72-0.77; P<0.01). In the normal renal function, and mild, moderate and severe CKD categories, AF recurrence rates were 11.5%, 29.3%, 72.0% and 93.3%, respectively. Compared with normal renal function, there were stepwise increased risks of AF recurrence with mild CKD (HR 3.30, 95% CI 2.55-4.26; P<0.01), moderate CKD (HR 9.43, 95% CI 6.76-13.16; P<0.01) and severe CKD (HR 12.35, 95% CI 6.93-21.99; P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In a large cohort of Asian patients with AF, renal dysfunction increased the risk of AF recurrence after CA. AF recurrence gradually increased with worsening kidney function in this cohort.

3.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 19(1): 90, 2019 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ECG characteristics of the distal coronary venous system ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) share common features with VAs arising from the aortic cusps or the endocardial left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) beneath the cusps. The purpose of this study was to identify specific electrocardiographic and electrophysiological characteristics of VAs originating from the distal great cardiac vein (GCV). METHODS: Based on the successful ablation site, patients with idiopathic VAs from the distal GCV, left coronary cusp (LCC) or the subvalvular left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) area were included in the present study. RESULTS: The final population consisted of 39 patients (35 males, mean age 51 ± 23 years). All VAs displayed a right bundle branch block (RBBB) morphology with inferior axis. Among these patients, 15 were successfully ablated at the GCV, 15 at the LCC and 9 at the subvalvular region. A "w" pattern in lead I was present in 12 out of 15 (80%) VAs originating from the distal GCV compared to none of VAs arising from the other two sites (p < 0.01). VAs with a GCV origin exhibited more commonly increased intrinsicoid deflection time, higher maximum deflection index and wider QRS duration compared to LCC and subvalvular sites (p < 0.05). Acceptable pace mapping at the successful ablation site was achieved in 10 patients. After an average of 36 ± 24 months follow up, 14 (93.3%) patients were free from VAs recurrence. CONCLUSION: A "w" pattern in lead I may distinguish distal GCV VAs from VAs arising from the LCC or the subvalvular region.

4.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(5): e638, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30929317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac involvement in Danon disease typically manifests as left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and ventricular preexcitation. This study aimed to identify patients with Danon disease among patients with LVH and concurrent electrocardiographic preexcitation. METHODS: Electrocardiographic preexcitation was identified in 10 of 197 patients with unexplained LVH in whom genetic testing was performed using next-generation sequencing. RESULTS: Three (3/10, 30%) patients with Danon disease were found in association with different mutations in the gene of lysosome-associated membrane protein 2 (LAMP2). Compared to seven patients without Danon disease, these three patients presented with distinctive clinical phenotypes, including onset at an earlier age (20 ± 2 years vs. 53 ± 9 years, p < 0.001), more neurological involvements (100% vs. 0, p = 0.008), higher electrocardiographic voltages (10 ± 1 mV vs. 5 ± 1 mV, p < 0.001), wider QRS complexes (163 ± 5 ms vs. 115 ± 20 ms, p = 0.006), less common asymmetric hypertrophy (0% vs. 86%, p = 0.033), and more frequent elevation of three serum enzymes (creatine kinase, aspartate aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase). Intracellular vacuoles accumulation with deficiencies of LAMP2 protein was found in both cardiac and skeletal myocytes of patients with Danon disease. CONCLUSION: In patients with coexistent LVH and ventricular preexcitation, Danon disease is common with distinctive clinical presentations. Comprehensive assessment of these resemble patients can provide valuable findings for early identification and clinical decision making of patients with Danon disease.


Assuntos
Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio Tipo IIb/patologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/patologia , Fenótipo , Adolescente , Adulto , Células Cultivadas , Eletrocardiografia , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio Tipo IIb/epidemiologia , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio Tipo IIb/genética , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/complicações , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/genética , Proteína 2 de Membrana Associada ao Lisossomo/genética , Proteína 2 de Membrana Associada ao Lisossomo/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência
5.
Europace ; 21(7): 1106-1115, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887036

RESUMO

AIMS: Inadvertent puncture of the aortic root (AR) is a well-known complication of transseptal puncture (TSP). Strategies for handling of this potentially lethal complication have not been identified yet. In this study, we present typical anatomical locations and clinical management of aortic root puncture (ARP) due to TSP. METHODS AND RESULTS: All patients with ARP were retrospectively collected from seven hospitals. Aortic root puncture was identified and classified regarding angiographical and intraoperative findings in cardiac surgery: (i) TSP from the right atrium (RA) to the non-coronary sinus (NCS), (ii) TSP from RA to the non-coronary sinutubular junction (STJ), and (iii) TSP from RA to the ascending aorta (AA). A total of 24 patients with inadvertent ARP were identified. In 19 patients, penetration of the aorta was accomplished by the inner dilator, in 5 patients by the complete sheath. Previous cardiac surgery had been performed in six patients. There were 13 RA-to-NCS punctures, 2 RA-to-STJ punctures, and 9 RA-to-AA punctures. No cardiac tamponade (CT) occurred in patients with RA-to-NCS and RA-to-STJ punctures. In 8 of 9 patients with RA-to-AA puncture, CT occurred immediately requiring urgent pericardiocentesis and surgical repair. Two patients died after surgical repair. In the 16 patients without surgical therapy, no shunt from the AR to the RA was observed 3 months after the procedure. CONCLUSION: Aortic root puncture due to mislead TSP via NCS or STJ is usually not associated with a severe clinical course while ARP into the AA via the epicardial space generally leads to CT requiring surgical repair.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of catheter ablation as an adjunct and alternative to ICD implantation is not known in patients at risk for recurrent ventricular tachycardia (VT) and sudden cardiac death (SCD) across Asia. Patients with nonischemic etiologies of cardiomyopathy, which are highly prevalent in Asia, have not been previously enrolled in randomized trials of VT ablation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether preemptive catheter ablation in patients with monomorphic VT and an indication for ICD implantation results in improved clinical outcomes compared to ICD implantation with standard medical therapy alone. To examine the natural history of ablation outcomes in the absence of background ICD therapy in patients that refuse randomization. METHODS: The PAUSE-SCD study (NCT02848781) is a prospective, multi-center, randomized controlled trial enrolling patients with structural heart disease (EF < 50%) with an indication for ICD implantation. Patients are randomized in a 1:1 fashion to two treatment arms: ICD with ablation and ICD with standard medical therapy alone. A prospective registry cohort was designed to follow the outcomes of patients who refuse ICD and randomization but elect to receive catheter ablation as primary therapy. The primary endpoint is defined as a composite of recurrent VT, cardiovascular rehospitalization, and death. Pre-specified secondary endpoints include each of the individual components of the primary endpoint in addition to comparison between randomized and registry patients. CONCLUSION: The PAUSE-SCD study is a prospective, multi-center, randomized, and controlled trial examining the impact of preemptive catheter ablation on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with an indication for ICD at risk for recurrent VT and SCD. It represents the first multi-center VT ablation study in Asia, with a design intended to provide insights into the role of both ICD and ablation therapy in a predominantly nonischemic population.

7.
Heart Vessels ; 34(5): 860-867, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30599061

RESUMO

To investigate the safety and midterm outcome of concomitant left atrial appendage (LAA) closure and catheter ablation (CA) as a one-stage hybrid procedure for non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) in a multicenter registry. A total of 50 consecutive patients with symptomatic drug-resistant non-valvular AF with CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥ 2 and contraindications for antithrombotic therapy were included in the prospectively established LAA closure registry, and underwent concomitant LAA closure (48 for WATCHMAN and 2 for ACP) and CA procedure (40 for radiofrequency and 10 for cryoballoon CA). Two cardiac tamponades, one peripheral vascular complications and one mild air embolism were observed during perioperative period. After mean follow-up of 20.2 ± 11.5 months, 18 (36%) patients presented with atrial arrhythmia relapse and 45 (91.8%) patients presented with complete sealing; furthermore, there were two transient ischemic attacks and one ischemic stroke under an off-oral anticoagulant situation, respectively. Concomitant CA and LAA closure as a one-stage hybrid procedure might be feasible and potentially decrease costs in patients with symptomatic non-valvular AF with high stroke risk and contraindication to antithrombotic treatment, and as safe as LAA closure procedure only during the perioperative period. However, it was necessary to further validate the mid-term safety.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 5(1): 55-65, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30678787

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the long-term outcomes of catheter ablation (CA) of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in a series of patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) without background implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy. BACKGROUND: Endo-epicardial CA of VT has been demonstrated to be highly effective in reducing recurrent VT in patients with ARVC. METHODS: Thirty-two patients (age 45 ± 13 years, 72% male) with ARVC and VT underwent CA in the absence of ICD therapy. ICD was recommended in all cases, but implantation was not performed due to patient refusal (63%) or financial hardship (37%). CA was guided by activation/entrainment mapping for mappable VT and pace mapping/targeting of abnormal substrate in cases of unmappable VT. RESULTS: Symptoms associated with clinical VT included palpitations (78%), chest pain and shortness of breath (22%), pre-syncope (16%), and syncope (13%). Prior to ablation, 22 patients (69%) failed a mean of 1.3 ± 0.5 antiarrhythmic drugs. Epicardial mapping and ablation was performed as first-line strategy (20 [63%]) or in case of recurrent VT or persistent inducibility after endocardial-only ablation (3 [9%]-surgical epicardial cryoablation in 1 patient). After a mean of 1.6 (range 1 to 3) procedures, all patients demonstrated noninducibility of sustained VT from at least 2 RV sites; 75% also had stimulation on isoproterenol with no inducible VT. At a median follow-up of 46 months (range 26 to 65 months) following the last ablation, no deaths were observed and freedom from recurrent VT was 81%. CONCLUSIONS: In this multicenter international registry of patients with ARVC and VT, CA performed in the absence of background ICD was associated with a low rate of symptomatic VT recurrence (19%) without mortality during 46-month median follow-up. These data suggest that further prospective studies may refine selection of patients with structural heart disease at low risk for SCD, possibly obviating the benefit of ICD therapy.

9.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(3): 171-179, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30683618

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Female sex has been linked with worse prognosis in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Clinical risk stratification of women with AF may help decision-making before catheter ablation (CA). AIM: To evaluate arrhythmia outcomes and the predictive value of clinical scores for arrhythmia recurrence in a large cohort of Chinese patients with AF undergoing CA. METHODS: A total 1410 of patients (68.1% men) who underwent AF ablation with scheduled follow-up were analysed retrospectively. Baseline characteristics and ablation outcome were compared between men and women. The predictive values of risk scoring systems for AF recurrence were assessed in women. RESULTS: Recurrence, early recurrence and complications after CA were similar in women and men over similar follow-up periods (20.7±8.0 vs 20.7±9.1 months; P>0.05). Compared with men, women with AF recurrence were older and had a larger left atrial diameter (LAD), less paroxysmal AF, lower left ventricular ejection fraction, lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and higher serum concentrations of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and C-reactive protein (CRP) (all P<0.01). Multivariable analysis showed that age, non-paroxysmal AF, body mass index, coronary artery disease, LAD, early recurrence, eGFR, BNP and CRP were independent risk factors with sex differences (all P<0.05) in the whole cohort. In women, only non-paroxysmal AF, early recurrence, BNP, CRP (all P<0.01) and history of stroke/transient ischaemic attack (P=0.016) were independent risk factors. Of the clinical scoring systems tested, MB-LATER, APPLE, CAAP-AF and BASE-AF2 scores (C-indexes 0.73, 0.72, 0.68 and 0.72, respectively; all P<0.01) had a modest predictive value for AF recurrence after CA in women. CONCLUSIONS: CA for AF has similar recurrence risks in women and men, but there are sex differences in the clinical characteristics and risk factors associated with AF recurrence.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Int Heart J ; 2018 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30518718

RESUMO

The incidence of atrial tachycardia (AT) after rheumatic mitral valvular (RMV) surgery has been well described. However, there have been few reports on the characteristics, mechanism, and long-term ablation outcome of ATs after RMV surgery and concomitant Cox-MAZE IV procedure.The present study reviewed consecutive patients who underwent AT ablation between May 2008 and July 2013. All patients were refractory to antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) and had a history of RMV surgery and Cox-MAZE IV procedure. A total of 34 patients underwent AT ablation after RMV surgery and concomitant Cox-MAZE IV procedure, and presented 57 mappable and 2 unmappable ATs. The 57 mappable ATs included 14 focal-ATs and 43 reentry-ATs. Ten of the 14 focal-like ATs were located at the pulmonary vein (PV) antrum and border of a box lesion. Of the 43 reentry-ATs, 16 were marco-reentrant around the mitral annulus (MA) and 16 around the tricuspid annulus. There were 41 atypical ATs (non-cavotricuspid isthmus related) including 16 ATs related to the box lesion and 21 ATs related to other Cox-MAZE IV lesions. The AT were successfully terminated in 33 (97.1%) patients. After mean follow-up of 46.9 ± 15.7 months, 25 (73.5%) patients maintained sinus rhythm without AADs after a single procedure and 28 (82.4%) patients after repeated procedures.The recurrent ATs after RMV surgery and concomitant Cox-MAZE IV were mainly reentry mechanism, and largely related to LA. An incomplete lesion or re-conductive gaps in a prior lesion might be the predominant mechanisms for these ATs. Catheter-based mapping and ablation of these ATs seems to be effective and safe during a long-term follow-up.

11.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 2018 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30509784

RESUMO

The study described here aimed to evaluate left ventricular (LV) systolic mechanical synchronization during permanent selective His bundle pacing (SHBP) using 3-D speckle-tracking echocardiography post-operatively and 6 mo after pacemaker implantation in 62 patients randomly assigned to SHBP (n = 32) or right ventricular apical pacing (RVAP, n = 30). A standard apex four-chamber view was exposed and was transformed into full-volume mode under 3-D echocardiography. Three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography was analyzed offline. The primary endpoint was LV mechanical synchronization post-operatively and during the 6-mo follow-up. Significant LV dyssynchrony was detected while evaluating the maximum time difference and standard deviation of 16-segment systolic time to peak 3-D strain at 1 wk and 6 mo. The pacing thresholds were significantly higher in the SHBP than in the RVAP group throughout follow-up. The R-wave amplitude was significantly lower in the SHBP group than with RVAP. The pacing parameters during SHBP were as stable as during conventional RVAP during the mid-term follow-up. In conclusion, 3-D speckle-tracking echocardiography is feasible and provides a more convenient method for evaluating LV synchrony.

12.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 17829, 2018 12 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30546024

RESUMO

Precise prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and the associated risk factors in southern China are rarely reported. This large population-based follow-up study, the Guangzhou Heart Study, was conducted from 2015 to 2017 to fill up this gap. Permanent residents aged 35 years and above in Guangzhou city were enrolled and demographic factors of participants were collected by a structured questionnaire. Examinations of physical, electrocardiographic and biochemical indicators were performed following a standard operation procedure designed prior to the field investigation. Descriptive statistics were used to evaluate basic characteristics of the study participants, and multivariate logistic regression model was performed to assess the AF prevalence-related factors. The detailed study design, the baseline characteristics and the prevalence of AF were reported here. In total, 12,013 residents were enrolled, and the percentage of participants from rural and urban areas was 53.92% and 46.08%, respectively. In total, 90.57% participants aged 40-79 years old and the proportion of women was more than men (64.98% vs. 35.02%). Overall, the prevalence of AF among the participants was 1.46%. Increasing age, male sex and widowed marital status were associated with higher AF prevalence (P-value < 0.05). The prevalence of AF increased with age and climbed to approximately 5% in residents aged 80 years and over. Residents with abnormal higher blood level of total cholesterol tended to have a lower AF prevalence but a higher prevalence of AF was observed in female participants with lower level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol land higher level uric acid (all P-value < 0.05). Personal illness such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, myocardial infarction, heart failure, stroke and transient ischemic were significantly linked to the attack of AF (all P-value < 0.05). This study will be rich resource for investigating environmental exposure and individual genetic diathesis of AF and other common cardiovascular diseases in Chinese population.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Modelos Biológicos , População Rural , População Urbana , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais
14.
JACC Clin Electrophysiol ; 4(11): 1460-1470, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30466853

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the electrophysiological mechanisms of post-surgical atrial tachycardias (ATs) during mapping with an automated high-resolution mapping system (Rhythmia, Boston Scientific, Marlborough, Massachusetts). BACKGROUND: Mapping and ablation of post-operative ATs following previous open-heart surgery is often challenging because the potential mechanisms remain incompletely understood. METHODS: Fifty-one consecutive patients underwent mapping and ablation of post-surgical ATs. RESULTS: A total of 64 ATs were identified, and the mechanism was macro re-entry in 58 of 63 (92.1%) ATs, focal in 4 ATs, localized micro re-entry in 1 AT, and undetermined in 1 AT. Of 11 patients who underwent surgical repair of congenital heart disease, 6 (54.5%) had peri-tricuspid re-entrant AT, 5 had either right atrial (RA) free-wall incisional ATs or figure-8 re-entrant ATs, with an isthmus between the tricuspid annulus and the RA free-wall incision or between the incisions, and none had left atrial (LA) or focal ATs. In 32 patients with valve replacement and 8 who underwent valvuloplasty, peri-tricuspid ATs were observed in 14 (43.4%) and 6 (75%) patients, RA free wall or septal incisions-related ATs were seen in 7 and 2 patients, and LA macro re-entrant ATs were observed in 12 patients and 1 patient, respectively. A macro pseudo re-entry pattern was identified in 8 of 51 patients (15.7%). All these activations could be easily excluded by manually moving the window of interest, except in 2 cases with a figure-8 re-entrant configuration. CONCLUSIONS: RA macro re-entrant ATs predominate, irrespective of the types of initial surgical procedures, but LA ATs occur more frequently in patients with valve replacement. Pseudo re-entry atrial activation is common and easily recognized by adjusting the mapping window.

16.
EBioMedicine ; 35: 40-45, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30174278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity or overweight is related to worse outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) following catheter ablation (CA). The role of being underweight in relation to recurrent arrhythmias post AF ablation is less certain. We conducted a retrospective study to investigate the association of body mass index (BMI) with arrhythmia outcomes in AF patients undergoing CA. METHODS: In a cohort of 1410 AF patients (mean age 57.2 ±â€¯11.6 years; 68% male) undergoing single CA, the association between BMI and AF ablation outcome was analyzed using BMI as a continuous variable and by four BMI categories (<18.5 kg/m2, 18.5-24 kg/m2, 25-29 kg/m2, and ≥ 30 kg/m2). RESULT: We observed a positive association between a cut off value of BMI and risk of AF recurrence post AF ablation. BMI ≥26.36 kg/m2 was related to more AF recurrence (c-statistic 0.55, 95%CI 0.51-0.58; P < 0.01) with 50% increased risk of AF recurrence (HR 1.50, 95% CI 1.22-1.86; P < 0.01). Recurrence rates in the four BMI categories were 33.3%, 23.2%, 27.2 and 41.8%, respectively (P < 0.01). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that BMI categories of <18.5 kg/m2 and ≥ 30 kg/m2 were all associated with more AF recurrence (P = 0.01). Both underweight (HR 1.85, 95%CI 1.12-3.08; P = 0.02) and obesity (HR 1.78, 95%CI 1.17-2.72; P = 0.01) significantly increased the risk of AF recurrence in a Cox proportional hazard model. CONCLUSION: BMI had good predictive value for AF ablation outcomes with a cut off value of ≥26.36 kg/m2. Apart from being obese/overweight, being underweight might also be a risk factor for AF recurrence post ablation.

17.
Heart Rhythm ; 2018 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30248458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ablation of para-Hisian ventricular arrhythmias (PH-VAs) is challenging because of the close relationship of the origin site and His bundle. Using pacing techniques to differentiate the near-field from far-field His activations, thereby avoiding atrioventricular block, has been reported in patients with para-Hisian accessory pathways. OBJECTIVES: We applied the same pacing technique and 3-dimensional mapping to guide radiofrequency (RF) ablation in patients with right-sided PH-VAs and investigated the clinical outcome of such cases. METHODS: Fourteen patients with right-sided PH-VAs were included in this study. The earliest activation sites were confirmed in the right ventricle on the 3-dimensional map. Pacing with different outputs was performed at the largest His potential site (P1) and the earliest activation site (P2). If the minimum His bundle-right bundle branch-captured output at P2 was higher than that at P1, RF ablation was performed at the site. RESULTS: All the patients in this study had monomorphic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) with a mean QRS duration of 118.3 ± 8.1 ms. A His-right bundle branch potential with an amplitude of 0.05 ± 0.02 mV was recorded at P2, with a mean distance of 5.97 ± 1.84 mm away from P1. PVCs were successfully eliminated in 13 of 14 patients (92.9%). One patient exhibited persistent right bundle branch block after ablation, and 1 recurrence of ablated PVCs occurred during a median follow-up period of 15 months. CONCLUSION: Using a simple pacing technique to evaluate the safety of RF energy application led to a high success rate of RF catheter ablation of right-sided PH-VAs without atrioventricular block.

18.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 15(6): 408-412, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30108612

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the predictive value of red cell distribution width (RDW) on left atrial thrombus (LAT) or left atrial spontaneous echo contrast (LASEC) in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: We reviewed 692 patients who were diagnosed as non-valvular AF and underwent transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute from April 2014 to December 2015. The baseline clinical characteristics, laboratory test of blood routine, electrocardiograph measurements were analyzed. Results: Eighty-four patients were examined with LAT/LASEC under TEE. The mean RDW level was significantly higher in LAT/LASEC patients compared with the non-LAT/LASEC patients (13.59% ± 1.07% vs. 14.34% ± 1.34%; P < 0.001). Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis was performed and indicated the best RDW cut point was 13.16%. Furthermore, multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that RDW level > 13.16% could be an independent risk factor for LAT/LASEC in patients with AF. Conclusion: Elevated RDW level is associated with the presence of LAT/LASEC and could be with moderate predictive value for LAT/LASEC in patients with non-valvular AF.

20.
Int J Clin Pract ; 72(11): e13247, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30144238

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Several clinical scoring systems have been derived to predict the arrhythmia outcome of catheter ablation (CA) for atrial fibrillation (AF) but which is better is not clear. Simple clinical risk scores (that any clinician can use in the everyday clinic) can help assess the likelihood of recurrence of AF following CA and the simple MB-LATER score has recently been described. We compare the predictive ability of seven existing clinical scoring systems (HATCH, CHADS2 , CHA2 DS2 -VASc, BASE-AF2 , APPLE, CAAP-AF, and MB-LATER) in a Chinese cohort of AF patients undergoing CA. METHODS AND RESULTS: 1410 patients (mean age 57.2 ± 11.6 years; 68% male) with AF undergoing CA during 2011-2015 were enrolled in final analysis. Symptoms, 12 lead ECG and Holter ECGs were recorded before discharge, and at 1, 3, 6 months, and every 6 months thereafter to detect the arrhythmia relapse. During a mean 20.7 ± 8.8-month follow-up, recurrence occurred in 365 patients(25.9%). All tested scores were predictors of AF recurrence with areas under the curve (AUCs) of 0.58, 0.57, 0.57, 0.75, 0.74, 0.71, and 0.73 respectively (all P < 0.01). Compared to all other scores, the MB-LATER score showed improved reclassification (NRI range 30%-82.6%, P < 0.01) and discrimination indexes (IDI range 2.6%-18.6%, all P < 0.01) in predicting AF recurrence. CONCLUSION: Based on net reclassification and discrimination analysis, the MB-LATER score performed best for predicting AF recurrent postablation, in a large "all comers" Chinese cohort. This simple clinical risk score (that any clinician can use in the everyday clinic) can help assess the likelihood of recurrence of AF following catheter ablation.

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