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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360461

RESUMO

The inhibition of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is regarded as a promising therapeutic approach to treat inflammation and its related disorders. In present work, we investigated inhibitory effects of forty-nine kinds of traditional Chinese medicines against sEH. Inula helenium showed significant inhibitory effect against sEH, and the extract of I. helenium were isolated to obtain eight compounds, including 4H-tomentosin (1), xanthalongin (2), and linoleic acid (3), 8-hydroxy-9-isobutyryloxy-10(2)-methylbutyrylthymol (4), dehydrocostus lactone (5), alantolactone (6), costunolide (7), and isoalantolactone (8). Among them, 4H-tomentosin (1), xanthalongin (2), and linoleic acid (3) showed significantly inhibitory activities on sEH with half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) from 5.88 ±â€¯0.97 µM to 11.63 ±â€¯0.58 µM. The inhibition kinetics suggested that 4H-tomentosin (1) and xanthalongin (2) were mixed-competitive type inhibitors with inhibition constant (Ki) values of 7.02 and 6.57 µM, respectively, and linoleic acid (3) was a competitive type inhibitor with a Ki values of 3.52 µM. The potential interactions of 4H-tomentosin (1), xanthalongin (2), and linoleic acid (3) with sEH were analyzed by molecular docking, which indicated that these bioactive compounds had interactions with key amino acid residues Tyr343, Ile363, Tyr383, and His524.

2.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(2): 152-158, 2020 Feb 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376535

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the evolution and variation of SARS-CoV-2 during the epidemic starting at the end of 2019. METHODS: We downloaded the full-length genome sequence of SARS-CoV-2 from the databases of GISAID and NCBI. Using the software for bioinformatics including MEGA-X, BEAST, and TempEst, we constructed the genomic evolution tree, inferred the time evolution signal of the virus, calculated the tMRCA time of the virus and analyzed the selection pressure of the virus during evolution. RESULTS: The phylogenetic tree showed that SARS-CoV-2 belonged to the Sarbecovirus subgenus of ß Coronavirus genus together with bat coronavirus BetaCoV/bat/Yunnan/RaTG13/2013, bat-SL-CoVZC45, bat-SL-CoVZXC21 and SARS-CoV. The genomic sequences of SARS-CoV-2 isolated from the ongoing epidemic showed a weak time evolution signal with an average tMRCA time of 73 days (95% CI: 38.9-119.3 days). No positive time evolution signal was found between SARS-CoV-2 and BetaCoV/bat/Yunnan/RaTG13/2013, but the former virus had a strong positive temporal evolution relationship with bat-SL-CoVZC45 and SARS-CoV. The major cause for mutations of SARS-CoV-2 was the pressure of purification selection during the epidemic. CONCLUSIONS: SARS-CoV-2 may have emerged as early as November, 2019, originating most likely from bat-associated coronavirus. This finding may provide evidence for tracing the sources and evolution of the virus.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Quirópteros , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Genoma Viral , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Animais , Evolução Biológica , China , Quirópteros/virologia , Coronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Pandemias , Filogenia , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
3.
J Exp Med ; 217(7)2020 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32383759

RESUMO

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is the main cause of viral encephalitis in the Western world, and the type I interferon (IFN) system is important for antiviral control in the brain. Here, we have compared Ifnb induction in mixed murine brain cell cultures by a panel of HSV1 mutants, each devoid of one mechanism to counteract the IFN-stimulating cGAS-STING pathway. We found that a mutant lacking the deubiquitinase (DUB) activity of the VP1-2 protein induced particularly strong expression of Ifnb and IFN-stimulated genes. HSV1 ΔDUB also induced elevated IFN expression in murine and human microglia and exhibited reduced viral replication in the brain. This was associated with increased ubiquitination of STING and elevated phosphorylation of STING, TBK1, and IRF3. VP1-2 associated directly with STING, leading to its deubiquitination. Recruitment of VP1-2 to STING was dependent on K150 of STING, which was ubiquitinated by TRIM32. Thus, the DUB activity of HSV1 VP1-2 is a major viral immune-evasion mechanism in the brain.

4.
J Nerv Ment Dis ; 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32433202

RESUMO

The study recruited 168 patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD). The nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Perceived Deficits Questionnaire for Depression (PDQ-D) were lower and the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST) was higher in the community volunteers than those in MDD patients. Depression-related scores (17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale [HAMD-17], Clinical Global Impressions-Severity of Illness Scale [CGI-S], and PHQ-9), functioning-related scores (Sheehan Disability Scale [SDS]), and Work Efficiency and Activity Damage-Specific Health Problems questionnaire work productivity loss were decreased, and the quality of life-related scores (European Quality of life-5 Dimensions [EQ-5D] utility score) were increased in the MDD patients. PDQ-D was decreased and DSST was increased with the increase of follow-up time. Linear regression indicated that cognitive symptoms (PDQ-D and DSST) improved more slowly than depressive symptoms (PHQ-9). At baseline, PDQ-D was related with functioning (SDS and work productivity loss). PDQ-D and DSST were related with EQ-5D utility score. In addition, at month 6, PDQ-D was related with functioning (SDS and work productivity loss) and EQ-5D utility score. Cognitive impairment might be a risk for MDD and MDD-related changes in the functioning and quality of life.

5.
Int Wound J ; 2020 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436336

RESUMO

Abdominal drainage, serving as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool, has been widely applied to prevent complications after major abdominal surgical procedures. However, dislocation of intraperitoneal portion of drainage tube and poor drainage after major surgery has never been detailed. In this retrospective study, we determined whether postoperative abdominal infectious complications are attributed to dislocation of intraperitoneal portion of drainage tube. Patients were recruited from the Department of General Surgery at Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, between June 2015 and June 2018. All of the enrolled patients had undergone different major abdominal surgical procedures with abdominal drainage. According to different fixation methods of the drainage tube, the patients were categorised as follows: group 1 as conventional extra-abdominal fixation where the tubes were fixed on abdominal wall; group 2 as double fixation where the tubes were fixed by both extra-abdominal and intra-abdominal fixation. Among 60 patients (40 in group 1 and 20 in group 2) with suspected postoperative abdominal infection, abdominal computed tomography (CT) was performed to determine the presence of abnormality. Dislocation of drainage tubes, morbidity, treatment, and prognosis were compared between the two groups. None of the patients showed slip knot or drainage tube slipping from the abdomen based on physical examination and CT imaging. Drainage tube was fixed firmly on the abdominal wall. In group 1, 18 (45%) patients developed postoperative complications resulting from abdominal infection where severe dislocation of intraperitoneal portion of drainage tubes was confirmed by CT. Drainage tubes of six cases were significantly dislocated to the anterior abdominal wall from the target area; 7 upper abdominal drainage tubes dislocated to the lower abdomen; and 5 lower abdominal drainage tubes dislocated to the upper abdomen. Common complications included localised peritonitis (n = 4), abdominal abscess (n = 8), and anastomotic leakage (n = 6). Among them, 8 patients were cured by abdominal puncture catheter drainage; 5 underwent secondary operation and 5 were cured by conservative treatment. In group 2, no tube dislocation was identified by CT. Five patients (25%) developed complications, including localised peritonitis (n = 1), abdominal abscess (n = 1), and anastomotic leakage (n = 3). All the five patients were cured by conservative treatment. Postoperative abdominal infection complications can stem from dislocation of intraperitoneal portion of drainage tube and poor drainage after major abdominal surgery. Maintaining the intraperitoneal portion of drainage tube at the proper location, for example, by applying intraabdominal fixation, is paramount to decrease the incidence and severity of postoperative complications.

6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2020 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32428588

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension and cardiac failure, have become the most major and global cause for threatening human health in recent years. Uncaria rhynchophylla as a traditional Chinese medicine is widely used to treat hypertension for a long history, whereas its medicinal effective components and potential action mechanism are uncertain. Therefore, twenty-four alkaloids (1-24) isolated from U. rhynchophylla were assayed for their relaxant effects against phenylephrine (Phe)-induced contraction of rat mesenteric arteries. Among them, we surprisingly found that uncarialin A (21) exhibited most potent relaxation effect against Phe-induced contraction (IC50 = 0.18 µM) in the manner of independent on endothelium-derived vasorelaxing factors and endothelium. All the experiments including measurement of Ca2+ in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) by fluorescence microscopy, whole-cell path clamp, molecular docking, and molecular dynamics, demonstrated that uncarialin A (21) could significantly inhibit L-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1C (Cav1.2) via the hydrogen bond interaction with amino acid residue Met1186, allowing the inhibition of Ca2+ inward current. Our results suggested that uncarialin A (21) could be served as a potential L-type Cav1.2 blocker in the effective treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

7.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 573: 223-231, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32278953

RESUMO

Structure control is widely admitted as a feasible strategy to restrain volume change and enhance electrical conductivity for chalcogenide anode materials. Herein, three-dimensionally hierarchical structure Co0.85Se@N-doped graphene hybrid is well-designed and synthesized by a facile hydrothermal strategy and post-calcination. It is noted that, owing to the nanoscale Kirkendall effect, the Co0.85Se nanograins derived from uniform zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF-67) precursor are incorporated into a polyhedron-in-polyhedron structure, which is consisted of in-situ formed amorphous carbon and interconnected pliable graphene nanosheets with enormous N-doping atoms. This unique dual-carbon protecting layers are beneficial to mitigate the volume expansion with high integrity, and facilitate the fast Li/electron transport with improved conductivity simultaneously, thus resulting in the superior Li-storage performance. As expected, the framework-controlled Co0.85Se@N-doped rGO composite demonstrates an outstanding cycling stability (787.7 mA h g-1 after 1000 cycles at 2 A g-1) and remarkable rate capability (400.8 mA h g-1 at ultrahigh rate of 10 A g-1). This work presents an enlightened strategy to design chalcogenide anode with desired nano-/microstructure by structure control and kinetic increase.

8.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 1216303, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32280673

RESUMO

The basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor 4 (TCF4) had been identified as a susceptibility gene associated with schizophrenia (SCZ) by GWAS, but inconsistent results have been found in other studies. To validate these findings and to reveal the effects of different inheritance models, rs2958182, rs1261085, rs8766, and rs12966547 of the TCF4 gene were genotyped in the Northwest Han Chinese population (448 cases and 628 controls) via a multiplex polymerase chain reaction SNPscan assay. Single SNP, genotype, and association analyses with three different models were performed. We observed genotype and allele distributions of four SNPs that showed nonsignificant associations in the Northwest Han Chinese population. However, published datasets (51,892 cases and 68,498 controls) were collected and combined with our experimental results to ascertain the association of the TCF4 gene SNPs and SCZ, which demonstrated that rs2958182 (P=0.003) was a significant signal based on a systematic meta-analysis. To clarify the biological role of rs2958182, it is important to improve the understanding of the pathophysiology of SCZ.

9.
Pharmazie ; 75(4): 147-150, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32295691

RESUMO

Ginsenoside Rd (GS-Rd), isolated from the Chinese traditional herbal medicine Panax ginseng, is used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, inflammation, different body pains, and trauma. Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 belong to cysteine aspartic acid specific protease (Caspase) family that plays an important role in apoptosis progression of cancers. In the present study, we investigated the anti-tumor effect of GS-Rd by MTT assay, colony formation assessment, flow cytometry, and Western blotting. Our results revealed that ginsenoside Rd significantly inhibits human gastric cancer (GC) growth and cell proliferation. Flow cytometer analysis showed that the GS-Rd could significantly induce apoptosis and arrest the G0/G1 phase in GC cells. Further, GS-Rd was found to increase the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 and the expression of Caspase-3 and Caspase-9, respectively, and to decrease the expression of Cyclin D1. Taken together, our study suggests that GS-Rd significantly inhibits GC cell proliferation, induces cell apoptosis through increase the expression of Caspase-3, Caspase-9, and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2. GS-Rd also induces cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase by down-regulation Cyclin D1. Thus, GS-Rd could serve as a lead to develop novel therapeutic agents to against human gastric cancer.

10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(36): 4914-4917, 2020 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32239030

RESUMO

The library of true two-dimensional materials is limited since many transition metal compounds are not stratified and can thus not be easily isolated as nanosheets. Here, micron-sized ultrathin rutile TiO2 nanosheets featuring uniform thickness (2 ± 0.5 nm) with dielectric constant (ε⊥ = 24) have been synthesized via a liquid metal synthesis strategy.

11.
Zool Res ; 41(3): 273-280, 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32279465

RESUMO

Interspecific killing is a primary reason for the low survival rates of some animal species. The giant panda ( Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is an altricial eutherian mammal and thus, in comparison to other infants, panda cubs are highly vulnerable, which may significantly influence the selection of breeding sites by females. Here, we used infrared camera traps to monitor giant panda dens for 5.5 years in Foping National Nature Reserve (FNNR) to determine how interspecific factors affect den selection by wild female pandas. Results indicated that Asian black bears ( Ursus thibetanus), yellow-throated martens ( Martes flavigula), leopard cats ( Prionailurus bengalensis), and masked palm civets ( Paguma larvata) visited the dens frequently, and the presence of these species negatively influenced den selection by female pandas. Interestingly, the presence of rodents and terrestrial birds appeared to indicate den safety, and female giant pandas were not averse and even preferred dens with a high abundance index of rodents and terrestrial birds. The den suitability index (DSI) was a reliable tool for evaluating whether dens were suitable for female giant pandas to give birth to and rear cubs, with preference for dens with high DSI values. This study increases our understanding of the den selection criteria of female giant pandas and the main threats to the survival of their cubs, thus providing important guidance for the conservation and management of this species.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(14): e19609, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243384

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer refers to an epithelial malignant tumor that occurs in the prostate area. In recent years, with the improvement of people's living standards, the incidence of prostate cancer has gradually increased, which has greatly affected people's life and health and quality of life. Acupuncture has its unique advantages in treating cancer pain. We will evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture and moxibustion in the treatment of pain caused by prostate cancer using a clinical randomized parallel control method. METHODS/DESIGN: This pragmatic randomized controlled trial will recruit 120 patients who are diagnosed with prostate cancer. Simple randomization to conventional drug treatment with a 1:1 allocation ratio will be used. Based on the patient's pain location and the primary lesion, the acupuncture needle insertion position was determined according to the principle of local selection of acupoints. All participants will continue to receive conventional drug treatment. DISCUSSION: This trial may provide evidence regarding the clinical effectiveness, safety, and cost-effectiveness of acupuncture for pain caused by prostate cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, ChiCTR2000029801, Registered on 14 February 2020.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Dor do Câncer/terapia , Moxibustão/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/complicações , Idoso , Dor do Câncer/etiologia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Viruses ; 12(4)2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32276428

RESUMO

Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) is a major pathogen that causes severe and fatal cases of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD). HFMD caused by EV-A71 seriously endangers children's health. Although autophagy is an important antiviral defense mechanism, some viruses have evolved strategies to utilize autophagy to promote self-replication. EV-A71 can utilize autophagy vesicles as replication scaffolds, indicating that EV-A71 infection is closely related to its autophagy induction mechanism. VP1, a structural protein of EV-A71, has been reported to induce autophagy, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. In this study, we found that the C-terminus (aa 251-297) of VP1 induces autophagy. Mass spectrometry analysis suggested that prohibitin 2 (PHB2) interacts with the C-terminus of the EV-A71 VP1 protein, and this was further verified by coimmunoprecipitation assays. After PHB2 knockdown, EV-A71 replication, viral particle release, and viral protein synthesis were reduced, and autophagy was inhibited. The results suggest that PHB2 interaction with VP1 is essential for induction of autophagy and the infectivity of EV-A71. Furthermore, we confirmed that EV-A71 induced complete autophagy that required autolysosomal acidification, thus affecting EV-A71 infection. In summary, this study revealed that the host protein PHB2 is involved in an autophagy mechanism during EV-A71 infection.

14.
Neuromolecular Med ; 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32232669

RESUMO

Mounting evidence shows that drug dependence involves the complex interplay between genetics and the environment. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is the rate-limiting enzyme in dopamine (DA) synthesis, which plays an essential role in the development of drug addiction. Noradrenergic dysfunction due to abnormalities TH expression has been implicated in the pathogenesis of drug addiction. We profiled thirteen single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and one VNTR (TCAT repeat, UniSTS:240,639) in 512 cases and 600 healthy Chinese subjects to evaluate the relationship between common variants within the TH gene and opioids dependence (OD) in the Chinese Han population. The single-marker analysis determined that rs10770141 (p < 0.001, OR 1.739, 95% CI 1.302 - 2.323) and rs10770140 (p = 0.002, OR 1.536, 95% CI 1.164 - 2.026) are risk variants for OD. The haplotype-association analyses determined that A-C-C-C was a risk factor (p = 0.006, OR 1.662, 95% CI 1.241 - 2.225) for OD. We also observed a significant association between (TACT)9/9 and the duration of transition from the first time using opioids to the development of opioid dependence (DTFUD) (p = 0.002, OR 2.153, 95% CI 1.319 - 3.513). Taken together, this study suggests that TH gene polymorphisms may contribute to the risk of OD in the Chinese Han population.

15.
Small ; : e1905853, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249535

RESUMO

The exploration of materials with reversible and stable electrochemical performance is crucial in energy storage, which can (de) intercalate all the alkali-metal ions (Li+ , Na+ , and K+ ). Although transition-metal chalcogenides are investigated continually, the design and controllable preparation of hierarchical nanostructure and subtle composite withstable properties are still great challenges. Herein, component-optimal Co0.85 Se1- x Sx nanoparticles are fabricated by in situ sulfidization of metal organic framework, which are wrapped by the S-doped graphene, constructing a hollow polyhedron framework with double carbon shells (CoSSe@C/G). Benefiting from the synergistic effect of composition regulation and architecture design by S-substitution, the electrochemical kinetic is enhanced by the boosted electrochemistry-active sites, and the volume variation is mitigated by the designed structure, resulting in the advanced alkali-ion storage performance. Thus, it delivers an outstanding reversible capacity of 636.2 mAh g-1 at 2 A g-1 after 1400 cycles for Li-ion batteries. Remarkably, satisfactory initial charge capacities of 548.1 and 532.9 mAh g-1 at 0.1 A g-1 can be obtained for Na-ion and K-ion batteries, respectively. The prominent performance combined with the theory calculation confirms that the synergistic strategy can improve the alkali-ion transportation and structure stability, providing an instructive guide for designing high-performance anode materials for universal alkali-ion storage.

16.
JAMA Neurol ; 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32310270

RESUMO

Importance: Large-scale genome-wide association studies in the European population have identified 90 risk variants associated with Parkinson disease (PD); however, there are limited studies in the largest population worldwide (ie, Asian). Objectives: To identify novel genome-wide significant loci for PD in Asian individuals and to compare genetic risk between Asian and European cohorts. Design Setting, and Participants: Genome-wide association data generated from PD cases and controls in an Asian population (ie, Singapore/Malaysia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, mainland China, and South Korea) were collected from January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2018, as part of an ongoing study. Results were combined with inverse variance meta-analysis, and replication of top loci in European and Japanese samples was performed. Discovery samples of 31 575 individuals passing quality control of 35 994 recruited were used, with a greater than 90% participation rate. A replication cohort of 1 926 361 European-ancestry and 3509 Japanese samples was analyzed. Parkinson disease was diagnosed using UK Parkinson's Disease Society Brain Bank Criteria. Main Outcomes and Measures: Genotypes of common variants, association with disease status, and polygenic risk scores. Results: Of 31 575 samples identified, 6724 PD cases (mean [SD] age, 64.3 [10] years; age at onset, 58.8 [10.6] years; 3472 [53.2%] men) and 24 851 controls (age, 59.4 [11.4] years; 11 030 [45.0%] men) were analyzed in the discovery study. Eleven genome-wide significant loci were identified; 2 of these loci were novel (SV2C and WBSCR17) and 9 were previously found in Europeans. Replication in European-ancestry and Japanese samples showed robust association for SV2C (rs246814; odds ratio, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.11-1.21; P = 1.17 × 10-10 in meta-analysis of discovery and replication samples) but showed potential genetic heterogeneity at WBSCR17 (rs9638616; I2=67.1%; P = 3.40 × 10-3 for hetereogeneity). Polygenic risk score models including variants at these 11 loci were associated with a significant improvement in area under the curve over the model based on 78 European loci alone (63.1% vs 60.2%; P = 6.81 × 10-12). Conclusions and Relevance: This study identified 2 apparently novel gene loci and found 9 previously identified European loci to be associated with PD in this large, meta-genome-wide association study in a worldwide population of Asian individuals and reports similarities and differences in genetic risk factors between Asian and European individuals in the risk for PD. These findings may lead to improved stratification of Asian patients and controls based on polygenic risk scores. Our findings have potential academic and clinical importance for risk stratification and precision medicine in Asia.

17.
Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int ; 19(2): 138-146, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32139295

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and percutaneous microwave coagulation therapy (PMCT) are commonly used to treat intrahepatic recurrent liver cancers. However, there is no information regarding their effectiveness in patients with recurrent intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) after resection. METHODS: A total of 275 patients with localized recurrent ICC who received either TACE (n = 183) or PMCT (n = 92) were studied. A propensity score matching analysis was performed to compare prognostic impact of TACE and PMCT. Prognostic factors for TACE and PMCT were identified respectively. Predictive nomograms for each TACE and PMCT were developed using the Cox independent prognostic factors and were validated in independent patient groups by receiver operating characteristic curves and area under curve values. RESULTS: Both TACE and PMCT provided curativeness in partial patients (5-year overall survival: 21.4% and 6.1%, respectively), but TACE provided better survival benefit in both overall patients (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.71; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.50-0.97; P = 0.034) and propensity score matching analysis (HR = 0.69; 95% CI: 0.47-0.98; P = 0.041). Independent prognostic factors for TACE were tumor size >5 cm, poor differentiation, and major resection, whereas poor differentiation, hepatitis B virus infection, cholelithiasis, and lymph node metastasis were identified for PMCT. Both predictive nomograms for TACE and PMCT were validated to be effective with area under curve values of 0.77 and 0.70, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: TACE provided better survival benefits compared to PMCT. However, there was a disparity in prognostic factors, suggesting evaluation of the two nomograms may be supportive in modality selection. Further prospective validation studies are required for the results to be applied in clinical medicine.

18.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 155: 1-5, 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32194113

RESUMO

The modified starch-based hydrogels were prepared by crosslinking modified starch with sodium trimetaphosphate. Modified starch was obtained by esterification of tapioca starch with maleic anhydride. The degree of substitution (DS) increased significantly from 0.078 to 0.258 as the content of maleic anhydride increased from 6.67% to 33.33%. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy demonstrated that starch was successfully esterified. In addition, the thermal properties of modified starch-based hydrogels were investigated by differential scanning calorimeter and thermogravimetry analysis, which proved that hydrogels had better thermal stability. Esterified starch-based hydrogels showed excellent pH sensitivity by measuring of swelling degree. When DS was 0.250, the adsorption capacity and encapsulation efficiency of starch-based hydrogels were 399.23 µg/g and 80%, respectively, which exhibited satisfactory embedding properties for curcumin. Therefore, esterified tapioca starch-based hydrogels could be as the encapsulating materials to protect bioactive substances, which provided a theoretical basis for their application in food field and pharmaceuticals industry.

19.
Mol Phylogenet Evol ; 148: 106789, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173414

RESUMO

The genus Amolops ("torrent frogs") is one of the most species-rich genera in Ranidae, with 59 recognized species. This genus currently includes six species groups diagnosed mainly by morphology. Several recent molecular studies indicated that the classification of species groups within Amolops remains controversial, and key nodes in the phylogeny have been inadequately resolved. In addition, the diversity of Amolops remains poorly understood, especially for those from incompletely sampled regions. Herein, we investigate species-level diversity within the genus Amolops throughout southern China and Southeast Asia, and infer evolutionary relationships among the species using mtDNA data (16S, COI, and ND2). Molecular analyses indicate nine unnamed species, mostly distributed in the Himalayas. We then utilized anchored hybrid enrichment to generate a dataset representing the major mitochondrial lineages to resolve phylogenetic relationships, biogeography, and pattern of species diversification. Our resulting phylogeny strongly supports the monophyly of four previously identified species groups (the A. ricketti, A. daiyunensis, A. hainanensis, and A. monticola groups), but paraphyly for the A. mantzorum and A. marmoratus groups, as previously defined. We erect one new species group, the A. viridimaculatus group, and recognize Dubois' (1992) subgenus Amo as the A. larutensis species group. Biogeographic analysis suggests that Amolops originated on the Indo-Burma/Thai-Malay Peninsula at the Eocene/Oligocene boundary, and dispersed outward, exemplifying a common pattern observed for the origin of Asian biodiversity. The early divergence within Amolops coincides with the Himalayan uplift and the lateral extrusion of Indochina at the Oligocene/Miocene boundary. Our results show that paleoclimatic and geomorphological events have profoundly influenced the patterns of lineage diversification within Amolops.

20.
Thorac Cancer ; 11(5): 1160-1169, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thymic epithelial tumors (TET) are frequently eligible for curative-intent surgical resection. For locally advanced TETs, chemotherapy has been used to both reduce the tumor burden and achieve prolonged disease control. However, effective therapy for this disease largely remains to be determined. Here, we report the chemosensitivity of 100 patients with TETs determined by the collagen gel droplet embedded culture-drug sensitivity test (CD-DST). METHODS: A total of 100 patients with TETs underwent surgical resection. The efficacy of antitumor agents on TET cells was tested by CD-DST. RESULTS: Thymic epithelial tumors were pathologically confirmed after surgery: two cases were type A thymoma, 17 were type AB, 12 were type B1, 44 were type B2, 12 were type B3, and there were 13 cases with thymic carcinoma. A total of 36% patients with TETs were sensitive to different types of chemotherapeutic agents. There was no significant differences in age, histological type, clinical staging, or association with autoimmune diseases between sensitive and nonsensitive cases. Type B1 and B2 thymoma were relatively more sensitive to chemotherapeutic agents (6/12 and 18/44, respectively), while sensitivity of type B3 cases to chemotherapeutic agents was much lower (only 2/12). Cases with type A thymoma were not sensitive to any antitumor drugs. Among 11 chemotherapeutic agents tested in our study, the sensitivity of TETs to EPI was the highest (16%). No patients with thymoma were sensitive to Alimta (Pemetrexed). CONCLUSIONS: Our work illuminates the effectiveness of chemotherapy for TETs and provides important clues for choosing antitumor drugs with relatively high drug sensitivity to TETs in advance.

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