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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(1): 155-161, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35799536

RESUMO

Proteomics is a powerful tool that can be used to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of diseases and identify new biomarkers. Therefore, it may also be helpful for understanding the detailed pathological mechanism of traumatic brain injury (TBI). In this study, we performed Tandem Mass Tag-based quantitative analysis of cortical proteome profiles in a mouse model of TBI. Our results showed that there were 302 differentially expressed proteins in TBI mice compared with normal mice 7 days after injury. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses showed that these differentially expressed proteins were predominantly involved in inflammatory responses, including complement and coagulation cascades, as well as chemokine signaling pathways. Subsequent transcription factor analysis revealed that the inflammation-related transcription factors NF-κB1, RelA, IRF1, STAT1, and Spi1 play pivotal roles in the secondary injury that occurs after TBI, which further corroborates the functional enrichment for inflammatory factors. Our results suggest that inflammation-related proteins and inflammatory responses are promising targets for the treatment of TBI.

2.
J Transl Med ; 20(1): 387, 2022 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059002

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between oral dysbiosis and chronic kidney disease (CKD) has gained increasing attention in recent years. Diabetes and hypertension are the most common conditions in CKD. However, a case-control study with matched confounding variables on the salivary microbiome in CKD and the influence of diabetes and hypertension on the microbiome has never been reported. METHODS: In our study, we compared the salivary microbiome profile between patients with CKD and healthy controls (HC) using 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing and examine its association with diabetes, hypertension, and immunity. RESULTS: We observed that the bacterial community was skewed in the saliva of CKD, with increased Lautropia and Pseudomonas, and decreased Actinomyces, Prevotella, Prevotella 7, and Trichococcus. No difference in the bacterial community between the CKD patients complicated with and without diabetes, and between those with and without hypertension. Prevotella 7 declined in CKD patients with/without hypertension with respect to HC, while Pseudomonas increased in CKD patients with/without hypertension. Pseudomonas was negatively associated with immunoglobin G in CKD patients. Both CKD patients with positive and negative antistreptolysin O had declined Prevotella 7 and Trichococcus compared to HC, whereas increased Pseudomonas. CONCLUSIONS: Our study identifies a distinct bacterial saliva microbiome in CKD patients characterized by alteration in composition. We unravel here that the co-occurrence diseases of diabetes and hypertension are not associated with specific bacterial alterations, suggesting that bacterial dysbiosis in saliva plays a role in renal damage regardless of the occurrence of diabetes and hypertension.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hipertensão , Microbiota , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Bactérias , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Disbiose/complicações , Disbiose/microbiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Saliva
3.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 8645830, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062189

RESUMO

Background: Covalently closed circular RNAs (circRNAs) play critical oncogenic or anticancer roles in various cancers including renal cell carcinoma (RCC), pointing to their regulation as a promising strategy against development of RCC. We, thus, studied the tumor-suppressive role of circ_000829 in RCC through in vitro and in vivo experiments. Methods: The expression of circ_000829 was validated in clinical RCC tissues and RCC cell lines. Based on ectopic expression and knockdown experiments, we examined the interactions among circ_000829, serine and arginine rich splicing factor 1 (SRSF1), and solute carrier family 39 member 14 (SLC39A14, zinc transporter). Then, the effects of circ_000829, SRSF1, and SLC39A14 on cell cycle distribution and proliferation in vitro and on tumor growth in vivo were evaluated in RCC cells. Results: Circ_000829 was poorly expressed in RCC tissues and cells, while SRSF1 was highly expressed. Restoration of circ_000829 reduced the levels of SRSF1 and SLC39A14B, thereby repressing the RCC cell proliferation in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. Meanwhile, overexpression of SRSF1 and SLC39A14B promoted the proliferation and cell cycle entry of RCC cells. Mechanistically, circ_000829 directly bound to SRSF1, and SRSF1 enhanced the expression of SLC39A14B by mediating the alternative splicing of SLC39A14. SLC39A14B upregulation negated the effect of SLC39A14 knockdown on RCC cell proliferation. Conclusion: Hence, this study suggests the antiproliferative role of circ_000829 in RCC growth and further elucidates the underlying mechanism involving the inhibited SRSF1-mediated alternative splicing of SLC39A14 mRNA.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions , Neoplasias Renais , RNA Circular , Fatores de Processamento de Serina-Arginina , Processamento Alternativo , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/genética , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , RNA Circular/genética , Fatores de Processamento de Serina-Arginina/genética , Fatores de Processamento de Serina-Arginina/metabolismo
4.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 7(1): 311, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068203

RESUMO

Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1), the enzyme that catabolizes tryptophan (Trp) metabolism to promote regulatory T cells (Tregs) and suppress CD8+ T cells, is regulated by several intrinsic signaling pathways. Here, we found that tobacco smoke, a major public health concern that kills 8 million people each year worldwide, induced IDO1 in normal and malignant lung epithelial cells in vitro and in vivo. The carcinogen nicotine-derived nitrosaminoketone (NNK) was the tobacco compound that upregulated IDO1 via activation of the transcription factor c-Jun, which has a binding site for the IDO1 promoter. The NNK receptor α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) was required for NNK-induced c-Jun activation and IDO1 upregulation. In A/J mice, NNK reduced CD8+ T cells and increased Tregs. Clinically, smoker patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) exhibited high IDO1 levels and low Trp/kynurenine (Kyn) ratios. In NSCLC patients, smokers with lower IDO1 responded better to anti-PD1 antibody treatment than those with higher IDO1. These data indicate that tobacco smoke induces IDO1 to catabolize Trp metabolism and immune suppression to promote carcinogenesis, and lower IDO1 might be a potential biomarker for anti-PD1 antibodies in smoker patients, whereas IDO1-high smoker patients might benefit from IDO1 inhibitors in combination with anti-PD1 antibodies.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco , Animais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Carcinógenos/toxicidade , Humanos , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Camundongos , Tabaco/metabolismo , Triptofano
5.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 982152, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071975

RESUMO

Alginate oligosaccharides (AOS), natural polymers from brown seaweeds (such as Laminaria japonica, Undaria pinnatifida, and Sargassum fusiforme), have been reported to possess many beneficial advantages for health. In the current study, after 9 weeks of dietary supplementation, AOS 10 mg/kg group (AOS 10) group increased boar sperm motility from 87.8% to 93.5%, p < 0.05. Moreover, AOS10 increased the relative abundances of Bifidobacterium, Coprococcus, Butyricicoccus (1.3-2.3-fold; p < 0.05) to increase the beneficial blood and sperm metabolites (1.2-1.6-fold; p < 0.05), and important sperm proteins such as gelsolin, Zn-alpha2 glycoprotein, Cation Channel Sperm-Associated Protein, outer dense fiber of sperm tails, etc. (1.5-2.2-fold; p < 0.05). AOS had a long-term beneficial advantage on boar semen quality by the increase in semen volume (175 vs. 160 ml/ejaculation, p < 0.05). AOS may be used as dietary additives for improving semen quality.

6.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 44(4): 606-613, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36065693

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate and compare the value of quantitative parameters of preoperative dual-energy CT and MRI on KRAS mutation in rectal cancer,and to explore the correlations between postoperative pathological indicators and KRAS mutation. Methods This study retrospectively analyzed 50 patients with rectal cancer confirmed by surgery and pathology and receiving KRAS genetic testing in Lanzhou University Second Hospital from August 2017 to April 2021.According to the results of genetic testing,the patients were assigned into a wild-type group (29 patients) and a mutant type group (21 patients).The preoperative baseline data included sex,age,and serum tumor markers,and the postoperative pathological data included pathological stage,lymphovascular invasion,perineural invasion,and lymph node metastasis.The quantitative parameters of three-phase energy spectral CT included iodine (water) concentration,water (iodine) concentration,effective atomic number,and normalized iodine concentration.The quantitative parameters of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) included minimum ADC,average ADC,and relative ADC.In addition,the width of the superior rectal vein was obtained from the CT images of the venous phase,and the tumor segmentation,the maximum axial length of tumor,and the maximum longitudinal length of tumor were obtained from the MRI images.The qualitative and quantitative data were compared by χ2 test,t-test,and Mann-Whitney U test.The diagnostic efficacy of the two detection methods for KRAS mutations in rectal cancer was compared,and the receiver operating characteristic curve was employed to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy. Results The KRAS mutation rate was higher in the carbohydrate antigen 199 abnormal group than the normal group (P=0.036) and higher in the positive group of lymphovascular invasion (P=0.034).The KRAS mutant type group had higher normalized iodine concentration in the venous phase (P=0.016) and lower average ADC and relative ADC (P=0.008, P=0.002,respectively) than the wild-type group.Among them,relative ADC had the highest diagnostic efficiency (AUC=0.755). Conclusion The quantitative parameters of dual-energy CT and ADC have similar diagnostic efficiency for KRAS mutation in rectal cancer,and relative ADC is superior to other parameters.


Assuntos
Iodo , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Retais/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Água
7.
Mater Horiz ; 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36073353

RESUMO

Metasurfaces with a strongly enhanced local field are envisioned as a powerful platform for ultrasensitive optical sensors to significantly amplify imperceptible differences between compatible bioanalytes. Through the use of phototunable silicon-based terahertz (THz) metasurfaces, we experimentally demonstrate ultrafast switchable sensing functions. It is found that the THz responses of the coupled-resonances in the metasurfaces shift from Lorentz-lattice mode to electromagnetism-induced transparency (EIT) mode under optical pumping within an ultrashort time of 32 ps, enabling an ultrafast sensitive sensor. For the Lorentz-lattice mode, the THz time-domain signal directly shows a highly sensitive response to detect tiny analytes without extra Fourier transformation as the mismatch between the two modes increases. Once the metasurfaces are switched to the EIT mode, the silicon-metal hybrid structure supports frequency-domain sensing ability due to strong field confinement with a sensitivity of 118.4 GHz/RIU. Both of the sensing configurations contribute to more subtle information and guarantee the accuracy of the sensor performance. Combined with the aforementioned advantages, the proposed metasurfaces have successfully identified colorectal cells between normal, adenoma, and cancer states in experiments. This work furnishes a new paradigm of constructing reliable and flexible metasurface sensors and can be extended to other optics applications.

8.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 950719, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052139

RESUMO

Purpose: This study compared the effect of indobufen with that of aspirin on platelet function in patients with stable coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: Patients with stable coronary heart disease who had undergone PCI and received dual antiplatelet therapy (aspirin 100 mg + clopidogrel 75 mg once daily) for at least 12 months were allocated to receive indobufen 100 mg twice daily + clopidogrel 75 mg once daily, clopidogrel 75 mg once daily alone, indobufen 100 mg twice daily alone, and aspirin 100 mg once daily alone for 1 month each in an open-label crossover manner. Platelet function was assessed by using the rates of arachidonic acid (AA)-induced platelet aggregation (AA-PAR) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation (ADP-PAR) measured by light transmission aggregometry, the platelet reactivity index measured by vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (PRI-VASP), and the plasma and urinary thromboxane B2 (TXB2) concentrations recorded at baseline and during each treatment phase. Results: Of 56 patients enrolled, 52 completed the study. The AA-PAR was lower in the indobufen alone group than in the aspirin alone group [5.21% (3.39, 7.98) vs. 5.27% (4.06, 6.60), p = 0.038], while biologically, a difference of 0.06% may represent no significant difference; there was no significant between-group difference in the plasma [531.16 pg/ml (203.89, 1035.06) vs. 373.93 pg/ml (194.04, 681.71), p = 0.251] or urinary [3951.97 pg/ml (2006.95, 6077.01) vs. 3610.48 pg/ml (1664.60, 6247.61), p = 0.717] TXB2 concentration. When the aspirin + clopidogrel group and indobufen + clopidogrel group were compared, similar results were found for AA-PAR [3.97% (3.05, 5.12) vs. 3.83% (3.10, 5.59), p = 0.947] and both plasma [849.47 pg/ml (335.96, 1634.54) vs. 455.41 pg/ml (212.47, 1489.60), p = 0.629], and urinary [4122.97 pg/ml (2044.96, 7459.86) vs. 3812.81 pg/ml (1358.95, 6021.07), p = 0.165] TXB2 concentrations. ADP-PAR was lower in the clopidogrel alone group than in the indobufen alone group (47.04% ± 16.89 vs. 61.7% ± 10.50, p < 0.001), as was PRI-VASP (66.53% ± 18.06 vs. 77.72% ± 19.87, p = 0.002). Conclusion: These findings suggest that indobufen has antiplatelet effects similar to those of aspirin in patients with stable coronary heart disease after PCI, and may be an alternative for patients with aspirin intolerance after coronary stenting.

9.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054377

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We described the accuracy of ultrasound in determining the position of bronchial blockers (BBs) in children underwent thoracoscopic surgery. METHODS: We enrolled 52 children with ASA grade I-III who received thoracoscopic surgery with placement of BBs. Point-of-care ultrasound was performed according to the BLUE protocol. The ultrasound-guided lung sliding sign and curtain sign were used to assess the position of BBs. The accuracy of ultrasound in evaluating the position of BBs, as well as the accuracy and operating time of sliding sign and curtain sign at each examination point were recorded and compared. RESULTS: The accuracy of ultrasound in evaluating the position of BBs was 88% (46/52, 95% CI 0.69-0.97). When using the curtain sign to assess the position of BBs, the accuracy was 90% (94/104, 95% CI 0.78-0.96), which was significantly higher than when using the sliding sign (65% (136/208), 95% CI 0.55-0.74) (p = 0.002). The accuracy of curtain sign at the left mid-axillary line-diaphragm and the right mid-axillary line-diaphragm was respectively 96% (50/52, 95% CI 0.80-0.99) and 84% (44/52, 95% CI 0.65-0.95), which were higher than that of sliding sign at upper blue points and lower blue points. There was no significant difference in the operating time between two ultrasound signs (the curtain sign, 13.4 ± 8.2 s vs. the lung sliding sign, 16.2 ± 10.0 s, p = 0.065). CONCLUSION: Point-of-care ultrasound can effectively assess the position of BBs. The accuracy of using the curtain sign at the mid-axillary line-diaphragm is higher than that of using the lung sliding sign at the anterior chest wall.

11.
Phytother Res ; 2022 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059198

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction (MI) is the leading cause of death worldwide, and oxidative stress is part of the process that causes MI. Calycosin, a naturally occurring substance with cardioprotective properties, is one of the major active constituents in Radix Astragali. In this study, effect of Calycosin was investigated in vivo and in vitro to determine whether it could alleviate oxidative stress and oxidative stress-induced cardiac apoptosis in neonatal cardiomyocytes (NCMs) via activation of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2). Calycosin protected against oxidative stress and oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in NCMs. Molecular docking revealed that the ALDH2-Calycosin complex had a binding energy of -9.885 kcal/mol. In addition, molecular docking simulations demonstrated that the ALDH2-Calycosin complex was stable. Using BLI assays, we confirmed that Calycosin could interact with ALDH2 (KD  = 1.9 × 10-4 M). Furthermore, an ALDH2 kinase activity test revealed that Calycosin increased ALDH2 activity, exhibiting an EC50 of 91.79 µM. Pre-incubation with ALDH2 inhibitor (CVT-10216 or disulfiram) reduced the cardio-protective properties Calycosin. In mice with MI, Calycosin therapy substantially reduced myocardial apoptosis, oxidative stress, and activated ALDH2. Collectively, our findings clearly suggest that Calycosin reduces oxidative stress and oxidative stress-induced apoptosis via the regulation of ALDH2 signaling, which supports potential therapeutic use in MI.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; : 158583, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084774

RESUMO

Arsenic can be specifically enriched by rice, and the health hazards caused by high arsenic rice are gradually attracting attention. This study aimed to explore the potential of microbial detoxification via gut microbiome in the treatment of sub-chronic arsenic poisoning. We first exposed mice to high-dose arsenic feed (30 mg/kg, rice arsenic composition) for 60 days to promote arsenic-induced microbes in situ in the gastrointestinal tract, then transplanted their fecal microbiota (FMT) into another batch of healthy recipient mice, and dynamically monitored the microbial colonization by 16S rRNA sequencing and ITS sequencing. The results showed that in situ arsenic-induced fecal microbiome can stably colonized and interact with indigenous microbes in the recipient mice in two weeks, and established a more stable network of gut microbiome. Then, the recipient mice continued to receive high-dose arsenic exposure for 52 days. After above sub-chronic arsenic exposure, compared with the non-FMT group, fecal arsenic excretion, liver and plasma arsenic accumulation were significantly lower (P < 0.05), and that in kidney, hair, and thighbone present no significant differences. Metabolomics of feces- plasma-brain axis were also disturbed, some up-regulated metabolites in feces, plasma, and cerebral cortex may play positive roles for the host. Therefore, microbial detoxification has potential in the treatment of sub-chronic arsenic poisoning. However, gut flora is an extremely complex community with different microorganisms have different arsenic metabolizing abilities, and various microbial metabolites. Coupled with the matrix effects, these factors will have various effects on the efflux and accumulation of arsenic. The definite effects (detoxification or non-detoxification) could be not assured based on the current study, and more systematic and rigorous studies are needed in the future.

13.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5297, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075932

RESUMO

Room temperature and selective hydrogenation of quinolines to 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolines using a safe and clean hydrogen donor catalyzed by cost-effective materials is significant yet challenging because of the difficult activation of quinolines and H2. Here, a fluorine-modified cobalt catalyst is synthesized via electroreduction of a Co(OH)F precursor that exhibits high activity for electrocatalytic hydrogenation of quinolines by using H2O as the hydrogen source to produce 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolines with up to 99% selectivity and 94% isolated yield under ambient conditions. Fluorine surface-sites are shown to enhance the adsorption of quinolines and promote water activation to produce active atomic hydrogen (H*) by forming F--K+(H2O)7 networks. A 1,4/2,3-addition pathway involving H* is proposed through combining experimental and theoretical results. Wide substrate scopes, scalable synthesis of bioactive precursors, facile preparation of deuterated analogues, and the paired synthesis of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline and industrially important adiponitrile at a low voltage highlight the promising applications of this methodology.

14.
Foods ; 11(17)2022 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076796

RESUMO

In this study, pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) skin polysaccharide-zinc(II) (PSP-Zn) complex was successfully prepared. The structure and physicochemical properties of PSP and PSP-Zn were analyzed. The anti-inflammatory activity of PSP and PSP-Zn was investigated in zebrafish larvae induced by copper sulphate. PSP and PSP-Zn consisted of rhamnose, arabinose, galactose, glucose, and galacturonic acid. The molecular weight (Mw) of PSP and PSP-Zn were 3.034 × 106 and 3.222 × 106 Da, respectively. Fourier transform infrared spectrum (FT-IR) and circular dichroism (CD) analysis results suggested that the chemical modification of zinc might occur through hydroxyl groups of PSP. The PSP-Zn complex had lamellar texture, smooth surface morphology, and larger particle size. X-ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis revealed that both PSP and PSP-Zn were semi-crystalline substances. PSP-Zn solution showed superior stability in a weak acid and alkaline environment, especially at pH = 6.0. Moreover, PSP and PSP-Zn showed a good inhibitory effect on inflammation cells in zebrafish. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) result suggested that the anti-inflammatory mechanism of PSP and PSP-Zn were through downregulation of the expression of nitric oxide synthase 2b (nos2b), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and nuclear factor-kappa B2 (NF-κB2). The present study indicated that PSP-Zn is expected to be a safe and efficient novel zinc supplement with anti-inflammatory activity.

15.
Foods ; 11(17)2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076886

RESUMO

The effects of vacuum-packaging and stable chlorine dioxide treatments on the quality of pike-eel fillets were investigated during chilled storage for a period of up to 10 days. The results reveal that the sensory scores, total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) content, total viable count (TVC), malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and the myofibrillar protein (MP) content of pike-eel fillets with different packing treatments all decreased significantly over 10 days of storage. However, the vacuum-packaging and stable chlorine dioxide pretreatment showed positive effects on the protein stability of pike-eel samples. Compared with the simple packaging (SP) and vacuum packing (VP) treatments, the combination treatments (CP) significantly inhibited the rapid increases in the TVB-N content, TVC values, and MDA content. Moreover, the comparative stability in the MP and its carbonyl content were maintained. Furthermore, our volatile organic compounds (VOCs) analysis confirmed that the combined packaging treatments significantly hindered protein and lipid oxidation, inhibited the growth of spoilage bacteria, and maintained the volatile flavors of pike-eel samples during chilled storage.

16.
Foods ; 11(17)2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076895

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of deep frying (DF) and air frying (AF) on the quality and flavour profile of hairtail (Trichiurus lepturus) fillets. The changes of some physicochemical indices such as moisture content, oil content, colour, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and peroxide values (POV) in hairtail fillets were detected with increasing frying time. According to these physicochemical indices and sensory evaluation, deep frying for 7 min under 190 °C (DF7) and air frying for 24 min under 190 °C (AF24) were selected as samples for their great quality. The flavour fingerprint of hairtail (Raw, DF7, AF24) was developed and volatile compounds were investigated by HS-GC-IMS. A total of 28 volatile substances including aldehydes, alcohols, ketones and others were identified both in the DF7 and AF24 samples. There are differences in the aroma fingerprint between the DF7 and AF24 samples. DF was characterised by 2-Heptanone, (E)-2-Heptenal, 2-Pentyfuran and 1-Pentanol, AF was characterised by 2-methylbutanol, Ethyl methyl ketone-M and 3-hydroxy-2-butanone. These findings suggest that the aroma of hairtail fillets after DF7 and AF24 was significantly different and supply flavour information and practical applications of the fried hairtail fillets.

17.
Energy Econ ; : 106318, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124284

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic caused severe economic contraction and paralyzed industrial activity. Despite a growing body of literature on the impacts of COVID-19 mitigation measures, scant evidence currently exists on the impacts of lockdowns on the economic and industrial activities of developing countries. Our study provides an empirical assessment of lockdown measures using 298,354 data points on daily electricity consumption in 396 sub-industries. To infer causal relationships, we employ difference-in-differences models that compare cities with and without lockdown policies and provide quantitative evidence on whether the long-term gain of lockdowns outweighs the short-term loss. The results show that lockdown policies led to a significant short-term drop in electricity consumption of 15.2% relative to the control group. However, the electricity loss under the no-lockdown scenario is 2.6 times larger than that under the strict lockdown scenario within 4 months of the outbreak. Discrepancies in the impacts among industries are identified, and even within the same industry, lockdowns have heterogeneous effects. The impact of lockdowns on small and medium-sized enterprises in developing countries is seriously underestimated, raising concerns about the distributional impact of subsidy measures. This study serves as a crucial reference for the government when facing public health emergencies and shocks to support better policies.

18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(17)2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081161

RESUMO

In order to overcome the problems of object detection in complex scenes based on the YOLOv4-tiny algorithm, such as insufficient feature extraction, low accuracy, and low recall rate, an improved YOLOv4-tiny safety helmet-wearing detection algorithm SCM-YOLO is proposed. Firstly, the Spatial Pyramid Pooling (SPP) structure is added after the backbone network of the YOLOv4-tiny model to improve its adaptability of different scale features and increase its effective features extraction capability. Secondly, Convolutional Block Attention Module (CBAM), Mish activation function, K-Means++ clustering algorithm, label smoothing, and Mosaic data enhancement are introduced to improve the detection accuracy of small objects while ensuring the detection speed. After a large number of experiments, the proposed SCM-YOLO algorithm achieves a mAP of 93.19%, which is 4.76% higher than the YOLOv4-tiny algorithm. Its inference speed reaches 22.9FPS (GeForce GTX 1050Ti), which meets the needs of the real-time and accurate detection of safety helmets in complex scenes.


Assuntos
Dispositivos de Proteção da Cabeça , Redes Neurais de Computação , Algoritmos , Atenção , Análise por Conglomerados
19.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 14: 17588359221119318, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062046

RESUMO

Background: Selpercatinib, a highly selective and potent REarranged during Transfection (RET) kinase inhibitor, is effective in advanced RET-altered thyroid cancer (TC). However, the efficacy and safety in Chinese patients are unknown. Patients and methods: In the open-label, multi-center phase II LIBRETTO-321 (NCT04280081) study, Chinese patients with advanced solid tumors harboring RET alterations received selpercatinib 160 mg twice daily. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR; RECIST v1.1) by independent review committee (IRC). Secondary endpoints included duration of response (DoR) and safety. Efficacy was assessed in the primary analysis set [PAS; treated patients with RET fusion-positive TC or RET-mutant medullary TC (MTC) confirmed by central laboratory] and all enrolled patients with MTC. Results: Of 77 enrolled patients, 29 had RET-mutant MTC and one had RET fusion-positive TC. In the PAS (n = 26), the ORR by IRC was 57.7% [95% confidence interval (CI), 36.9-76.6]. Median DoR was not reached and 93.3% of responses were ongoing at a median follow-up of 8.7 months. In all enrolled MTC patients (n = 29), the ORR by IRC was 58.6% (95% CI, 38.9-76.5). One RET fusion-positive TC patient treated for 23.4 weeks achieved a partial response at week 8 that was ongoing at cutoff. In the safety population (n = 77), 59.7% experienced grade ⩾3 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs). TEAEs led to dose reductions in 32.5% (n = 25) and discontinuations in 5.2% [n = 4; 3.9% (n = 3) considered treatment related] of patients. Conclusions: Selpercatinib showed robust antitumor activity and was well tolerated in Chinese patients with advanced RET-altered TC, consistent with global data from LIBRETTO-001 (NCT04280081). ClinicalTrialsgov Identifier: NCT04280081 (first posted Feb 21, 2020).

20.
Opt Lett ; 47(17): 4580-4583, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048709

RESUMO

Multiplexing of orbital angular momentum (OAM) channels is an important method to increase the optical communication capacity at present, but the multiple scattering and distortion of long-distance optical communication greatly limit its application. Here, a data transmission method based on an OAM-basis transmission matrix (TM) under high scattering is proposed. In this method, OAM modes are directly encoded by the OAM-basis TM, and the incident power spectral distribution of OAM modes can be directly acquired by the intensity profile of the speckle field on the camera. This method can realize the multiplexing of a large number of OAM channels and is easy to perform. Experimentally, we have achieved a maximum of 800 OAM modes multiplexed, and a bit error rate of 0.01% in the data transmission of color images.

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