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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244977, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285621

RESUMO

Abstract Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the serious global public health burden of liver disease. Approximately 170 million people in the world are infected with (HCV). In Pakistan, where the disease has high occurrence rate. The present study envisages an up-to-date prevalence of HCV and genotypic distribution in the general population of Mardan District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. The blood samples from 6,538 individuals including 3,263 males and 3,275 females were analyzed for hepatitis C surface antigen by Immuno-chromatographic test (ICT), Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). It was found that 396 (12.13%) out of 3263 individuals contained antibodies in their blood against HCV, while among the different age groups, the highest incidences of HCV antibodies were found in the 31-40 age group (11.01%). The ICT positive samples were further screened by nested PCR to determine the existence of active HCV-RNA. It was identified that 7.11% (3263) of the total population (6538) tested was positive, among which the 461 (14.07%) females possessed antibodies in their blood against HCV. Our data showed total HCV infection in the investigated population was 5.78%. Higher percentage of HCV prevalence was detected in males than females in the age group 31-40 and 41-50. To compare the prevalence of HCV genotypes age-wise in male and female genotype 3a was found most prevalent genotype followed by 1a, 2a and 3b, respectively.


Resumo O vírus da hepatite C (HCV) é o grave problema de saúde pública das doenças hepáticas. Aproximadamente 170 milhões de pessoas no mundo estão infectadas com HCV; no Paquistão, a doença tem alto índice de ocorrência. O presente estudo prevê uma prevalência atualizada do HCV e distribuição genotípica na população geral do distrito de Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Paquistão. As amostras de sangue de 6.538 indivíduos, incluindo 3.263 homens e 3.275 mulheres, foram analisadas para o antígeno de superfície da hepatite C por teste imunocromatográfico (ICT), ensaio imunoenzimático (ELISA) e reação em cadeia da polimerase de transcrição reversa (PCR). Verificou-se que 396 (12,13%) de 3.263 indivíduos continham anticorpos no sangue contra o HCV, enquanto entre as diferentes faixas etárias as maiores incidências de anticorpos anti-HCV foram encontradas na faixa etária de 31 a 40 anos (11,01%). As amostras positivas para ICT foram posteriormente rastreadas por nested PCR para determinar a existência de HCV-RNA ativo. Identificou-se que 7,11% (3.263) do total da população (6.538) testada foram positivos, dentre os quais 461 (14,07%) mulheres possuíam anticorpos no sangue contra o HCV. Nossos dados mostraram que a infecção total pelo HCV na população investigada foi de 5,78%. Maior porcentagem de prevalência de HCV foi detectada em homens do que em mulheres nas faixas etárias de 31-40 e 41-50. Para comparar a prevalência de genótipos de HCV com relação à idade no genótipo masculino e feminino 3a foi encontrado o genótipo mais prevalente seguido por 1a, 2a e 3b, respectivamente.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e245813, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285592

RESUMO

Abstract Hepatitis B virus infection is perilous among the five types of Hepatitis, as it remains clinically asymptomatic. The present study draws up-to-date prevalence of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the general population of Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. The blood samples from 4803 individuals including 2399 male and 2404 females were investigated. All the suspected samples were analyzed for hepatitis B surface antigen using Immuno-chromatographic test (ICT), Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and followed by Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results showed that 312 (13.00%) out of 2399 individuals contained antibodies in their blood against HBV, while among the different age groups, the highest incidences of HBV antibodies were found in the age of 21-30 groups (10.73%). Furthermore, the ICT positive samples were screened by nested polymerase chain reaction to detect the existence of active HBV-DNA. It was observed that 169 (7.04%) out of (2399) male of the total population (4803) tested was positive. On the other hand, the female 463 (19.25%) possessed antibodies in their blood against HBV. Accumulatively, our results showed a higher percentage of HBV prevalence in males than females in the age group 21-30 years. The total HCV infected in Mardan general population was recorded at 5.7% comprising both male and female.


Resumo A infecção pelo vírus da hepatite B é perigosa entre os cinco tipos de hepatite, pois permanece clinicamente assintomática. O presente estudo traça a prevalência atualizada do vírus da hepatite B (HBV) na população geral de Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, no Paquistão. Amostras de sangue de 4.803 indivíduos, incluindo 2.399 homens e 2.404 mulheres, foram investigadas. Todas as amostras suspeitas foram analisadas para o antígeno de superfície da hepatite B usando teste imunocromatográfico (ICT), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), seguido por transcrição reversa-reação em cadeia da polimerase (RT-PCR). Os resultados mostraram que 312 (13,00%) de 2.399 indivíduos continham anticorpos no sangue contra o VHB, enquanto, entre as diferentes faixas etárias, as maiores incidências de anticorpos VHB foram encontradas nos grupos de 21 a 30 anos (10,73%). Além disso, amostras positivas para ICT foram rastreadas por reação em cadeia da polimerase aninhada para detectar a existência de HBV-DNA ativo. Observou-se que 169 (7,04%) de 2.399 homens do total da população (4803) testados foram positivos. Por outro lado, 463 mulheres (19,25%) possuíam anticorpos no sangue contra VHB. Acumulativamente, nossos resultados mostraram uma porcentagem maior de prevalência de HBV em homens do que em mulheres na faixa etária de 21 a 30 anos. O total de HCV infectados na população geral de Mardan foi registrado em 5,7%, incluindo homens e mulheres.

3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(16): 5293-5303, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486705

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was probed to uncover the mechanism of miR-142-5p in septic liver injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, in-vitro and in-vivo models of sepsis were used. For in-vitro sepsis model, hepatocyte cell line (L02 cells) was treated with LPS (lipopolysaccharide). Whereas for in-vivo sepsis model, cecal ligation and puncture were performed in mice. Mice were assigned into three groups: control, CLP (Cecal Ligation Puncture), CLP + miR-142-5p inhibitor group. Liver injury was assessed via H&E staining. IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1ß expressions were assayed through ELISA kits. C-caspase-9, C-caspase-3, ERK, p65, and IκBα expressions were determined via western blot and RT-qPCR. Apoptosis in LPS-induced L02 cells was detected by TUNEL staining. RESULTS: Our results show that miR-142-5p exhibited perspicuous upregulation in CLP mice tissues and LPS-induced L02 cells. On the other hand, inhibition of miR-142-5p could promote LPS-induced L02 cell activity and reduce apoptosis and inflammation. In terms of molecular mechanism, downregulation of miR-142-5p could abate sepsis-mediated acute hepatic injury by targeting SOCS1, through ERK and NF-κB pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Overall our results demonstrate that miR-142-5p inhibitors can mitigate septic liver injury by downregulating the inflammation and apoptosis via targeting SOCS1. Thus, miR-142-5p can serve a potential therapeutic target for sepsis mediated acute hepatic injury.

4.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 642-645, 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547869

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinical and cytogenetic characteristics of patients with multiple myeloma harboring 6q deletion, with the aim to determine the impact of 6q deletion on survival. Methods: This study included the retrospective analysis of 382 newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma in our hospital from 2014 to 2017 and compared the clinical and cytogenetic characteristics between patients with and without 6q deletion. The log-rank test and the Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to analyze prognostic factors for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) . Results: Compared to those without 6q, the patients with 6q deletion were older (median age, 63 vs 58 years, P=0.039) , had higher incidence of t (4; 14) (30.4% vs 16.4% , P=0.020) , and higher proportion of complex karyotypes (22.2% vs 5.3% , P=0.001) . Univariate survival analysis using the log-rank test revealed that 6q deletion was associated with shorter PFS. However, by the Cox multivariate proportional hazards regression model, 6q deletion was not an independent prognostic factor and its effect on survival was affected by age, t (4; 14) , and other risk factors. Conclusions: 6q deletion was common in elderly patients with multiple myeloma and was often accompanied by t (4;14) and complex karyotypes. However, 6q deletion was not an independent prognostic factor for multiple myeloma.

5.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(8): 1131-1141, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549702

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the chemical composition of the Mongolian medicine Qiwei Qinggan Powder and explore its key targets, related pathways and its therapeutic mechanism for liver fibrosis. METHODS: UHPLC-TOF-MS was used to analyze the composition of Qiwei Qinggan Powder. The therapeutic targets of Qiwei Qinggan Powder were screened in Swiss Target Prediction database, and liver fibrosis-related targets were screened in TTD and GeneCards databases to identify the anti-fibrosis targets of Qiwei Qinggan Powder by intersection using Venny.2.1.0. The protein interaction was analyzed using STRING database, the GO functions and KEGG pathways were analyzed on the Metascape platform, and the core targets and active components were verified by molecular docking using AutoDock software. The therapeutic mechanism of Qiwei Qinggan Powder against liver fibrosis was verified in rat models and cell experiment. RESULTS: We identified a total of 45 chemical constituents in Qiwei Qinggan Powder, including flavonoids, alkaloids, coumarins, terpenes, phenols and fatty acids. Network pharmacological analysis identified 62 targets of Qiwei Qinggan Powder, including 10 core targets. GO enrichment analysis suggested that the therapeutic effect of Qiwei Qinggan Powder was mediated by biological processes (BP), cell components (CC) and molecular functions (MF). KEGG enrichment results showed that PI3K/Akt, Rap1, MAPK, AMPK and PPAR were all pathways associated with liver fibrosis. Molecular docking showed that quercetin, luteolin and kaempferol could bind to Akt1, PIK3R1 and MAPK1, respectively. In rat models of liver fibrosis, treatment with Qiwei Qinggan Powder significantly suppressed proliferation of fibrous tissues and inflammatory cell infiltration to improve fibrosis in the liver tissue. Western blotting demonstrated that Qiwei Qinggan Powder significantly decreased the expressions of the Liver fibrosis markers including α-SMA, Collagen1, PI3K and Akt (P < 0.01). In vitro cell experiment, Qiwei Qinggan Powder-containing serum obviously promoted apoptosis of HSC-T6 cells. CONCLUSION: The therapeutic effect of Qiwei Qinggan Powder against liver fibrosis is mediated by multiple components, targets and channels, and its mechanism may involve the regulation of PI3K, Akt and other key targets and modulation of cell apoptosis and energy metabolism.

6.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(17): 5322, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533792

RESUMO

The article "The mechanism of exogenous adiponectin in the prevention of no-reflow phenomenon in type 2 diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction during PCI treatment, by C.-J. Zhang, Y.-Z. Deng, Y.-H. Lei, J.-B. Zhao, W. Wei, Y.-H. Li, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2018; 22 (7): 2169-2174-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201804_14751-PMID: 29687877" has been withdrawn from the authors due to some technical reasons (the authors still have not figured out how to address them). The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/14751.

7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(17): 5374-5382, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533812

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: C1q/tumor necrosis factor-related protein-3 (CTRP3) is demonstrated as a crucial factor that participated in various fibrotic diseases. Activation of hepatic stellate cell in liver takes a critical effect on the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis. However, the role of CTRP3 in hepatic fibrosis remains elusive. Our present study aimed to explore the molecular mechanism of CTRP3 in fibroblast activation and the development of hepatic fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out overexpression (OE) of CTRP3 or knockout (KO) of CTRP3 in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), respectively. Then, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-ß) was used to stimulate HSCs activation. Adult male C57BL/6J mice were treated tetrachloromethane by intraperitoneal injection and mice injected saline were served as control. Recombinant CTRP3 (RC-CTRP3) was employed to treat CCl4-induced liver fibrosis. Then, the expression of fibrotic biomarkers, Notch signaling pathway-associated factors, liver histology and liver function were investigated in vivo, respectively. RESULTS: Our results showed that CTRP3 decreased in fibrotic liver and TGF-ß treated HSCs. In vitro, CTRP3 inhibited the activation of HSCs and impeded extracellular matrix (ECM) including collagen I and fibronectin via inhibiting Notch-1/Jagged-1 signaling pathway. In vivo, the indexes of fibrogenesis in liver fibrotic mice received RC-CTRP3 were mitigated via regulation of Notch-1/Jagged-1 signaling pathway. Moreover, liver histology and liver function were improved through the increase of CTRP3 level. CONCLUSIONS: The results proved that CTRP3 as a distinguished anti-fibrotic target inhibited HSCs activation by TGF-ß inducement and protected the liver tissue in the process of liver fibrosis.

8.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(9): 814-818, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530563

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the safety and feasibility of Da Vinci robot-assisted pylorus and vagus nerve-preserving partial gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Methods: In this study, descriptive case series method was used to retrospectively analyze the data of 3 patients with gastric cancer who underwent Da Vinci robot-assisted pylorus and vagus nerve-preserving partial gastrectomy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University from December 2020 to February 2021. The linear layout was adopted for the setting of trocar, and the co-axial direction was the line connecting the umbilicus and splenic hilum. The inferior pyloric arteries and veins need to be preserved. The center was the bifurcation of the right gastroepiploic vessel and the inferior pyloric vessel. Dissection and exposure were performed from the upper, lower, right and left sides, and ventral and dorsal sides to complete the dissection of the inferior pyloric lymph nodes. The superior border of the pancreas was treated by the right diaphragmatic crus approach, the left retroperitoneal approach and the esophageal approach to determine the distribution of the posterior vagal trunk and its branches, and to determine the anatomical relationship with the left gastric artery. The left gastric artery was cut off while the celiac branch of vagus nerve and cardia branch of left gastric artery were preserved. Lymph node dissection was performed on the lateral side of nerve fibers around the blood vessels. Result: All the 3 patients successfully completed the robotic surgery without conversion to laparoscopy or laparotomy. The operation time was (340.0±26.4) (300-390) minutes, the intraoperative blood loss was (13.3±3.3) (10-20) ml, the number of dissected lymph nodes was 26.7±3.9 (19-32), the length of pylorus canal preserved was (3.3±0.3) (3-4) cm, the distal margin was (2.3±0.3) (2-3) cm, and the proximal margin was (3.0±0.6) (2-4) cm. No postoperative complications occurred in all the 3 patients. The first flatus time was 2-3 days after operation, and the postoperative hospital stay was 6-7 days. The operation cost of the 3 patients was (40±7) (33-53) thousand yuan. Conclusion: Da Vinci robot-assisted pylorus and vagus nerve-preserving partial gastrectomy is safe and feasible.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Robótica , Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Piloro/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Nervo Vago
10.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(10): 880-885, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551476

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the prognostic effects of two comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) methods in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methods: Ninety-seven patients with newly diagnosed AML at Beijing Hospital from August 2008 to December 2019 were included (≥60 years old). All patients were evaluated by two methods of CGA. One was IACA index proposed by Beijing Hospital, including instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), age, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), albumin; the other was proposed by Italian FIL study group (FIL-CGA), including activities of daily living (ADL), IADL, age, and modified cumulative illness rating score for geriatrics (MCIRS-G). Results: Among 97 patients, 54 patients received standard chemotherapy, 16 with decitabine, 2 with targeted therapy and 25 with the best supportive therapy. The overall response rate (ORR) in 72 treated patients were 67.7%, 33.3% and 0 respectively in fit, unfit and frail groups according to IACA index (P=0.001). Based on FIL-CGA, the ORRs of fit, unfit and frail groups were 52.5%, 41.7% and 35.0% respectively (P=0.418). The 1-year OS rates of fit, unfit and frail groups regarding IACA method were 78.7%, 27.7% and 0 respectively (P<0.01). The 1-year OS rates of fit, unfit and frail groups regarding FIL-CGA method were 67.8%, 28.2% and 13.9% respectively (P<0.01), while no significant difference was seen between unfit group and frail group (P=0.111). The early death rates of fit, unfit and frail groups by IACA were 0, 6.0% and 28.6% respectively (P=0.006), while those by FIL-CGA were 2.3%, 5.9%, 13.9% respectively (P=0.123). Conclusion: Compared with FIL-CGA method, IACA predicts more effectively the treatment response, survival and early mortality in elderly patients with AML.

12.
J Physiol Pharmacol ; 72(2)2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374659

RESUMO

The Asian ginseng root (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) is a very commonly used herbal medicine worldwide. Ginseng fruit, including the berry (or pulp) and seed, is also valuable for several health conditions including immunostimulation and cancer chemoprevention. In this study, the anticancer and anti-proliferative effects of the extracts of ginseng berry and seed were evaluated. The ginsenosides in the ginseng berry concentrate (GBC) and ginseng seed extract (GSE) were analyzed. We then evaluated their anti-colorectal cancer potentials, including antiproliferation, cell cycle arrest, and apoptotic induction. Further investigation consisted of the berry's adaptive immune responses, such as the actions on the differentiation of T helper cells Treg, Th1, and Th17. The major constituents in GBC were ginsenosides Re and Rd, which can be compared to those in the root. The GBC significantly inhibited colon cancer cell growth, and its anti-proliferative effect involved mechanisms including G2/M cell cycle arrest via upregulation of cyclin A and induction of apoptosis via regulation of apoptotic related gene expressions. GBC also downregulated the expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokine genes. For the adaptive immune responses, GBC did not influence Th1 and Treg cell differentiation but significantly inhibited Th17 cell differentiation and thus regulated the balance of Th17/Treg for adaptive immunity. Although no ginsenoside was detected in the GSE, interestingly, it obviously enhanced colon cancer cell proliferation with the underlined details to be determined. Our results suggested that GBC is a promising dietary supplement for cancer chemoprevention and immunomodulation.

13.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 33(44)2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375960

RESUMO

By employing a linearised Boltzmann equation, we calculate the magneto-optical properties of twisted bilayer graphene using non-magnetic wave functions. Both transverse and longitudinal responses are calculated up to the second order in applied magnetic field with their twist angle and Fermi level dependence examined. We find that increasing the twist angle increases the transverse metallic response so long as the Fermi level remains below the upper conduction band. Interlayer transitions provide an appreciable enhancement when the Fermi level traverses the gap between the two conduction bands. Interlayer transitions are also responsible for a nonzero anomalous Hall conductivity in this model. As the Fermi level moves towards zero, the longitudinal response begins to dominate and a highly anisotropic negative magneto-resistance is observed.

14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(30): 2392-2399, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404133

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between urinary sodium excretion and fluid overload (FO) in non-dialysis patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: Patients with CKD stage 1-4 who underwent bioelectrical impedance (BIA) in the Department of Nephrology, Jiangsu Province Hospital from December 2019 to January 2021 were recruited. All enrolled patients were categorized into two groups according to whether or not they develop FO. Further, clinical parameters were compared between the two groups. Spearman correlation analysis was used to investigate the association between over hydration/extracellular water (OH/ECW) and clinical characteristics. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between urinary sodium excretion and FO (FO was defined as OH/ECW≥7%). Results: A total of 385 patients with CKD stage 1-4 were finally included in the study, with a mean age of (46±15) years. There were 216 male cases (56.1%), and 150 cases (39.0%) existed FO. Spearman correlation analysis indicated that OH/ECW positively correlated with urinary sodium excretion (r=0.147, P=0.004), urinary protein excretion (r=0.555, P<0.001) and systolic blood pressure (r=0.241, P<0.001), but inversely related to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (r=-0.111, P=0.030) and serum albumin (r=-0.659, P<0.001). After adjusting for confounding factors including age, systolic blood pressure, diabetes, urinary protein excretion, serum albumin, serum sodium, serum chlorine, urinary calcium excretion, urinary phosphorus excretion and use of diuretics, multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that higher level of urinary sodium excretion was associated with increased risk of FO in patients with CKD (OR=1.005, 95%CI: 1.000-1.011, P=0.048). Conclusion: High urinary sodium excretion is independently associated with fluid FO in non-dialysis patients with CKD.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Sódio , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Impedância Elétrica , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(8): 757-763, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404183

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the safety and efficacy of venous-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) in complex high-risk and indicated patients (CHIP). Methods: This is a single-center retrospective study. Patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) supported by VA-ECMO in the Second Hospital of Jilin University from June 2018 to January 2020 were enrolled. General clinical data, laboratory examination results, PCI and ECMO process, postoperative complications and prognosis were collected through the electronic medical record system. The endpoint of the study was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), defined as complex events including cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction, heart failure and malignant arrhythmia. All patients were followed up for 12 months after discharge. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Results: A total of 31 patients, aged (64.6±10.1) years, including 19 males were included. All patients were treated with VA-ECMO before PCI. The ProGlide vascular suture device was embedded by local anesthesia to quickly establish circulation. There were 9 (29.0%) patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, 10 (32.3%) patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and 12 (38.7%) patients with unstable angina. The number of stents implanted during the operation were 2.8±1.8. The VA-ECMO weaning time was 24.0 (2.0, 88.5) hours. Compared with the results of pre-operation, the patient's postoperative left ventricular ejection fraction was significantly improved (49% (42%, 55%) vs. 43% (35%, 52%), P<0.01], hemoglobin and platelet count levels decreased, the level of creatinine and urea nitrogen was increased (P<0.05). Within 24 hours after operation, hemoglobin decreased>20 g/L was observed in 18 cases (58.1%), puncture site bleeding was found in 2 cases (6.5%), pseudoaneurysm occurred in 1 case (3.2%) and postoperative cerebral infarction occurred in 1 case (3.2%). There were no deaths during the operation, 2 patients died during hospitalization. All discharged patients were followed up for 12 months. The incidence of MACE was 13.8% (4/29). During the follow-up period, 2 patients died. One patient was hospitalized with recurrent myocardial infarction and one patient with heart failure. Survival analysis was performed 12 months after intervention and the cumulative survival rate was 80.0%. Conclusion: The application of VA-ECMO in CHIP interventional therapy is safe, effective and feasible.

17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(29): 2271-2275, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333941

RESUMO

The application of day surgery on thoracic surgery is just started, and the innovation of surgical robots and their application on thoracic surgery bring new opportunities to the development of thoracic day surgery. However, the clinical practice of robot-assisted thoracic day surgery (RTDS) in China still has challenges and disagreements. Based on the experience of domestic experts in the field of RTDS clinical practice, this review discussed several key points of RTDS, including the future direction of RTDS, adjusting the indications according to their own conditions for the institutions carrying out RTDS, the robot-assisted advantage of RTDS being brought into play during the operation, and the perfect post-discharge follow-up mechanism being an important guarantee for the safe development of RTDS, to promote the application progress of RTDS in China.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Cirurgia Torácica , Assistência ao Convalescente , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios , China , Humanos , Alta do Paciente
18.
Br J Dermatol ; 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dupilumab is an antibody against interleukin 4 receptor α, used in treating atopic dermatitis (AD). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dupilumab in adult Chinese patients with moderate-to-severe AD. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, phase III study, conducted between December 2018 and February 2020, patients with AD received dupilumab (300mg) or placebo once every 2 weeks for 16 weeks, and were followed up for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was the proportion of patients with both Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA) score of 0-1 and a reduction from baseline of ≥2 points at week 16. RESULTS: Overall, 165 patients (mean age: 30.6 years; 71.5% male) were randomized: 82 to dupilumab and 83 to placebo. At week 16, 26.8% of patients in the dupilumab group and 4.8% of patients in the placebo group achieved the primary endpoint (difference, 22.0%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 11.37-32.65%; p<0.0001). Compared with placebo, higher proportions of patients in the dupilumab group achieved ≥75% reduction in the Eczema Area and Severity Index score (57.3% vs 14.5%; difference, 42.9%; 95% CI, 29.75-55.97%; p<0.0001) and had ≥3-point (52.4% vs 9.6%; difference, 42.8%; 95% CI, 30.26-55.34%; p<0.0001) and ≥4-point (39.0% vs 4.8%; difference, 34.2%; 95% CI, 22.69-45.72%; p<0.0001) reductions in weekly average daily peak daily pruritus numerical rating scale scores. The incidence of TEAEs during the treatment period was similar in the two groups. The incidence of conjunctivitis, allergic conjunctivitis, and injection site reaction was higher in the dupilumab group than in the placebo group. CONCLUSIONS: In adult Chinese patients, dupilumab was effective in improving the signs and symptoms of AD and demonstrated a favorable safety profile.

19.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 803-807, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393249

RESUMO

To explore the genetic causes of 3 male infertility patients with acephalospermia and the outcome of assisted reproductive technology. Clinical diagnosis, sperm morphology examination, sperm transmission electron microscopy examination were performed on 3 patients, and the whole exome sequencing technology was used for screening, Sanger sequencing verification, mutation pathogenicity analysis, and protein sequence homology comparison. Assisted reproductive technology was implemented to assist pregnancy treatment. The 3 patients were all sporadic infertile men, aged 25, 42 and 26 years, and there was no obvious abnormality in the general physical examination. Male external genitalia developed normally, bilateral testicles were normal in volume, and bilateral epididymis and spermatic vein were palpated without nodules, cysts, and tenderness. Repeated semen analysis showed that a large number of immature sperm could be seen, and they had the ability to move. The SUN5 gene of the 3 male infertile patients was a case of homozygous missense mutation c.7C>T (p.Arg3Trp), a case of compound heterozygous missense mutation c.1067G>A (p.Arg356His) and nonsense mutation c.216G>A (p.Trp72*) and a case of homozygous missense mutation c.1043A>T (p.Asn348Ile), of which c.7C>T (p.Arg3Trp) and c.1067G>A (p.Arg356His) were new variants that had not been reported. SIFT, Mutation Taster and PolyPhen-2 software function prediction results were all harmful, the nonsense mutation c.216G>A (p.Trp72*) led to the premature termination of peptide chain synthesis which might have a greater impact on protein function. The homology regions in the protein sequence homology alignment were all highly conserved.The 3 male patients and their spouses obtained 4 biological offspring through intracytoplasmic sperm injection, all of which were boys, and one of them was a twin.Three male infertile patients might be caused by SUN5 gene mutations. Such patients could obtain their biological offspring through assisted reproductive technology. It was still necessary to pay attention to the genetic risk of ASS, it was recommended that both men and women conduct genetic counseling and screening at the same time. In clinical diagnosis, whole exome sequencing technology could be used to perform auxiliary examinations to determine the treatment plan and assisted reproductive methods as soon as possible to reduce the burden on the family and society. The newly discovered mutation sites of SUN5 gene provided clues and directions for elucidating the pathogenic mechanism, and at the same time expanded the pathogenic mutation spectrum of ASS.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina , Proteínas de Membrana , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação , Gravidez , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Espermatozoides
20.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(7): 1022-1029, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34308851

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether miR-let-7c-5p inhibits invasion and migration of bladder cancer cells by regulating HMGA2. METHODS: We used bioinformatics methods to determine the key genes of miR-let-7c-5p. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to detect the expressions of miR-let-7c-5p mRNA and HMGA2 protein in bladder cancer and adjacent tissues. With human normal bladder SV-HUC-1 cells as the control, we detected the expression levels of miR-let-7c-5p mRNA and HMGA2 protein in bladder cancer cell lines T24, UM-UC-3 and 5637 with RT-qPCR and Western blotting. We observed the effects of miR-let-7c-5p upregulation (by transfection with a miR-let-7c-5p mimic), miR-let-7c-5p downregulation (using a miR-let-7c-5p inhibitor), and knockdown of both HMGA2 and miR-let-7c-5p on invasion, migration and expressions of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins (E-cadherin, N-cadherin, vimentin, and Snail) in UM-UC-3 cells. Dual luciferase assay, RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to verify the targeting relationship between miR-let-7c-5p and HMGA2. RESULTS: HMGA2 was identified as one of the target genes of miR-let-7c-5p. Compared with the adjacent tissues, bladder cancer tissues showed a significantly decreased expression of miR-let-7c-5p and an increased expression of HMGA2 protein (P < 0.05). In UM-UC-3 cells, the expression of miR-let-7c-5p was significantly reduced and that of HMGA2 was significantly increased as compared with those in SV-HUC-1 cells (P=0.001). Up-regulating miR-let-7c-5p expression significantly lowered the invasion and migration abilities of UM-UC-3 cells, and down-regulating miR-let-7c-5p expression obviously promoted the invasion and migration of UM-UC-3 cells (P < 0.05). Knockdown of both miR-let-7c-5p and HMGA2 expression significantly lowered the invasion and migration (P < 0.05) and inhibited the expressions of EMT-related proteins of UM-UC-3 cells (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: miR-let-7c-5p inhibits EMT of bladder cancer UM-UC-3 cells by targeting HMGA2, thereby inhibiting the cell invasion and migration.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteína HMGA2/genética , Proteína HMGA2/metabolismo , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética
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