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1.
Int Immunopharmacol ; : 108372, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810128

RESUMO

Citrate has a prominent role as a substrate in cellular energy metabolism. Recently, citrate has been shown to drive inflammation. However, the role of citrate in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) remains unclear. Here, we aimed to clarify whether extracellular citrate aggravated the LPS-induced ALI and the potential mechanism. Our findings demonstrated that extracellular citrate aggravated the pathological lung injury induced by LPS in mice, characterized by up-regulation of pro-inflammatory factors and over-activation of NACHT, LRR, and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in the lungs. In vitro, we found that citrate treatment significantly augmented the expression of NLRP3 and pro-IL-1ß and enhanced the translocation of NF-κB/p65 into the nucleus. Furthermore, extracellular citrate plus adenosine-triphosphate (ATP) significantly increased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in primary murine macrophages. Inhibiting the production of ROS with a ROS scavenger N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) attenuated the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome. Altogether, we conclude that extracellular citrate may serve as a damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) and aggravates LPS-induced ALI by activating the NLRP3 inflammasome.

2.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 1098970, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630843

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent regulated necrosis characterized by the peroxidation damage of lipid molecular containing unsaturated fatty acid long chain on the cell membrane or organelle membrane after cellular deactivation restitution system, resulting in the cell membrane rupture. Ferroptosis is biochemically and morphologically distinct and disparate from other forms of regulated cell death. Recently, mounting studies have investigated the mechanism of ferroptosis, and numerous proteins play vital roles in regulating ferroptosis. With detailed studies, emerging evidence indicates that ferroptosis is found in multiple lung diseases, demonstrating that ferroptosis appears to be particularly important for lung diseases. The mounting interest in ferroptosis drugs specifically targeting the ferroptosis mechanism holds substantial therapeutic promise in lung diseases. The present review emphatically summarizes the functions and integrated molecular mechanisms of ferroptosis in various lung diseases, proposing that multiangle regulation of ferroptosis might be a promising strategy for the clinical treatment of lung diseases.

3.
Int J Sports Med ; 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416779

RESUMO

High-volume training followed by inadequate recovery may cause overtraining. This process may undermine the protective effect of regular exercise on the cardiovascular system and may increase the risk of pathological cardiac remodelling. We evaluated whether chronic overtraining changes cardiac-related microRNA profiles in the left and right ventricles. C57BL/6 mice were divided into the control, normal training, and overtrained by running without inclination, uphill running or downhill running groups. After an 8-week treadmill training protocol, the incremental load test and training volume results showed that the model had been successfully established. The qRT-PCR results showed increased cardiac miR-1, miR-133a, miR-133b, miR-206, miR-208b and miR-499 levels in the left ventricle of the downhill running group compared with the left ventricle of the control group. Similarly, compared with the control group, the downhill running induced increased expression of miR-21, miR-17-3p, and miR-29b in the left ventricle. Unlike the changes in the left ventricle, no difference in the expression of the tested miRNAs was observed in the right ventricle. Briefly, our results indicated that overtraining generally affects key miRNAs in the left ventricle (rather than the right ventricle) and that changes in individual miRNAs may cause either adaptive or maladaptive remodelling with overtraining.

4.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 300, 2021 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381015

RESUMO

Elderly people and patients with comorbidities are at higher risk of COVID-19 infection, resulting in severe complications and high mortality. However, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. In this study, we investigate whether miRNAs in serum exosomes can exert antiviral functions and affect the response to COVID-19 in the elderly and people with diabetes. First, we identified four miRNAs (miR-7-5p, miR-24-3p, miR-145-5p and miR-223-3p) through high-throughput sequencing and quantitative real-time PCR analysis, that are remarkably decreased in the elderly and diabetic groups. We further demonstrated that these miRNAs, either in the exosome or in the free form, can directly inhibit S protein expression and SARS-CoV-2 replication. Serum exosomes from young people can inhibit SARS-CoV-2 replication and S protein expression, while the inhibitory effect is markedly decreased in the elderly and diabetic patients. Moreover, three out of the four circulating miRNAs are significantly increased in the serum of healthy volunteers after 8-weeks' continuous physical exercise. Serum exosomes isolated from these volunteers also showed stronger inhibitory effects on S protein expression and SARS-CoV-2 replication. Our study demonstrates for the first time that circulating exosomal miRNAs can directly inhibit SARS-CoV-2 replication and may provide a possible explanation for the difference in response to COVID-19 between young people and the elderly or people with comorbidities.


Assuntos
COVID-19/genética , Diabetes Mellitus/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/virologia , China , MicroRNA Circulante/sangue , MicroRNA Circulante/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus/virologia , Exercício Físico , Exossomos/genética , Exossomos/metabolismo , Exossomos/virologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células HEK293 , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/crescimento & desenvolvimento , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/sangue , Replicação Viral
7.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 10706, 2021 05 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34021209

RESUMO

Aedes aegypti L. is the most important vector of arboviruses such as dengue, Zika, chikungunya, Mayaro, and yellow fever, which impact millions of people's health per year. MicroRNA profile has been described in some mosquito species as being important for biological processes such as digestion of blood, oviposition, sexual differentiation, insecticide resistance, and pathogens dissemination. We identified the miRNAs of Ae. aegypti females, males and eggs of a reference insecticide susceptible strain New Orleans and compared them with those other insects to determine miRNA fingerprint by new-generation sequencing. The sequences were analyzed using data mining tools and categorization, followed by differential expression analysis and conservation with other insects. A total of 55 conserved miRNAs were identified, of which 34 were of holometabolous insects and 21 shared with hemimetabolous insects. Of these miRNAs, 32 had differential expression within the stages analyzed. Three predominant functions of miRNA were related to embryonic development regulation, metamorphosis, and basal functions. The findings of this research describe new information on Ae. aegypti physiology which could be useful for the development of new control strategies, particularly in mosquito development and metamorphosis processes.


Assuntos
Aedes/classificação , Aedes/genética , Insetos/classificação , Insetos/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Animais , Evolução Molecular , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Masculino
8.
Cancer Res ; 81(13): 3509-3524, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941610

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) have been shown to play critical regulatory roles in the onset and progression of human cancers. However, the functions of a large proportion of lncRNAs are still unexplored. Here we describe a novel lncRNA, CTD-2245E15.3, that promotes lung tumorigenesis by regulating the anabolic enzymes acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 (ACC1, encoded by the ACACA gene) and pyruvate carboxylase (PC). Differentially expressed lncRNAs between non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and paired adjacent nontumor tissues were identified by a microarray and validated using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. CTD-2245E15.3 was significantly upregulated in NSCLC and was mainly located in the cytoplasm. Knockdown of CTD-2245E15.3 by specific antisense oligonucleotides suppressed cell growth in vitro and in vivo, largely due to cell-cycle arrest and induction of apoptosis. Overexpression of CTD-2245E15.3 in an orthotopic model of lung cancer led to a significant increase in total tumor burden. CTD-2245E15.3 exerted its oncogenic function by binding ACC1 and PC, which are key anabolic factors for biomolecule synthesis in rapidly proliferating tumor cells. Knockdown of CTD-2245E15.3 increased phosphorylation of ACC1 at an inhibitory site for enzymatic activity and promoted PC degradation via ubiquitination. Supplements of palmitate or oxaloacetate, products of ACC1 and PC, alleviated the suppression of cell growth caused by loss of CTD-2245E15.3. These findings reveal the important role of CTD-2245E15.3 as an oncogenic lncRNA in the anabolic process for tumor growth. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings demonstrate a novel lncRNA CTD-2245E15.3 that binds and positively regulates anabolic enzymes ACC1 and PC to promote tumor growth. GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT: http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/canres/81/13/3509/F1.large.jpg.

9.
Life Sci ; 275: 119364, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741415

RESUMO

ß-arrestin2 is a ubiquitously expressed scaffold protein localized on the cytoplasm and plasma membrane. It was originally found to bind to GPCRs, uncoupling G proteins and receptors' binding and inhibiting the signal transduction of the GPCRs. Further investigations have revealed that ß-arrestin2 not only mediates the desensitization of GPCRs but also serves as a multifunctional scaffold to mediate receptor internalization, kinase activation, and regulation of various signaling pathways, such as TLR4/NF-κB, MAPK, Wnt, TGF-ß, and AMPK/mTOR pathways. ß-arrestin2 regulates cell invasion, migration, autophagy, angiogenesis, and anti-inflammatory effects by regulating various signaling pathways, which play a vital role in many physiological and pathological processes. This paper reviews the structure and function of ß-arrestin2, the regulation of ß-arrestin2 based signaling pathways. The role and mechanism of ß-arrestin2 signaling have been delineated in sufficient detail. The prospect of regulating the expression and activity of ß-arrestin2 in multisystem diseases holds substantial therapeutic promise.


Assuntos
Transdução de Sinais , beta-Arrestina 2/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , beta-Arrestina 2/fisiologia
10.
Cell Res ; 31(6): 631-648, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33782530

RESUMO

RNAi therapy has undergone two stages of development, direct injection of synthetic siRNAs and delivery with artificial vehicles or conjugated ligands; both have not solved the problem of efficient in vivo siRNA delivery. Here, we present a proof-of-principle strategy that reprogrammes host liver with genetic circuits to direct the synthesis and self-assembly of siRNAs into secretory exosomes and facilitate the in vivo delivery of siRNAs through circulating exosomes. By combination of different genetic circuit modules, in vivo assembled siRNAs are systematically distributed to multiple tissues or targeted to specific tissues (e.g., brain), inducing potent target gene silencing in these tissues. The therapeutic value of our strategy is demonstrated by programmed silencing of critical targets associated with various diseases, including EGFR/KRAS in lung cancer, EGFR/TNC in glioblastoma and PTP1B in obesity. Overall, our strategy represents a next generation RNAi therapeutics, which makes RNAi therapy feasible.

11.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0245832, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529238

RESUMO

HER2 amplification greatly contributes to the tumorigenesis of multiple cancers. Intronic miR-4728-5p is transcribed along with its host gene HER2. However, little is known about the role of miR-4728-5p in cancer. This study aims to elucidate the potential role of miR-4728-5p and the underlying mechanism in breast cancer. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that higher expression of HER2 led to worse survival outcomes in breast cancer patients. The TCGA dataset revealed that compared to normal breast tissues, HER2 and miR-4728-5p levels were significantly upregulated in breast cancer tissues with a positive correlation. In functional assays, miR-4728-5p was confirmed to promote the proliferation and migration in breast cancer cell BT474. EBP1 was identified as a direct target of miR-4728-5p via bioinformatics and luciferase reporter assays. miR-4728-5p was further demonstrated to increase HER2 expression and promote cell proliferation and migration by directly inhibiting EBP1 in breast cancer. Taken together, the HER2-intronic miR-4728-5p/EBP1/HER2 feedback loop plays an important role in promoting breast cancer cell proliferation and migration. Our study provides novel insights for targeted therapies of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Movimento Celular/genética , Íntrons/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Células MCF-7
12.
J Extracell Vesicles ; 10(3): e12055, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33520119

RESUMO

Secreted microRNAs (miRNAs) are novel endocrine factors that play essential pathological and physiological roles. Here, we report that pancreatic ß cell-released exosomal miR-29 family members (miR-29s) regulate hepatic insulin sensitivity and control glucose homeostasis. Cultured pancreatic islets were shown to secrete miR-29s in response to high levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) in vitro. In vivo, high levels of FFAs, promoted by either high-fat diet (HFD) feeding (physiopathological) or fasting (physiological), increased the secretion of miR-29s into plasma. Intravenous administration of exosomal miR-29s attenuated insulin sensitivity. The overexpression of miR-29s in the ß cells of transgenic (TG) mice promoted the secretion of miR-29s and inhibited the insulin-mediated suppression of glucose output in the liver. We used selective overexpression of traceable heterogenous mutant miR-29s in ß cells to confirm that islet-derived exosomal miR-29s target insulin signalling in the liver and blunt hepatic insulin sensitivity. Moreover, in vivo disruption of miR-29s expression in ß cells reversed HFD-induced insulin resistance. In vitro experiments demonstrated that isolated exosomes enriched in miR-29s inhibited insulin signalling in the liver and increased hepatic glucose production. These results unveil a novel ß cell-derived secretory signal-exosomal miR-29s-and provide insight into the roles of miR-29s in manipulating glucose homeostasis.

13.
Sci Adv ; 7(7)2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568480

RESUMO

Evidence that offspring traits can be shaped by parental life experiences in an epigenetically inherited manner paves a way for understanding the etiology of depression. Here, we show that F1 offspring born to F0 males of depression-like model are susceptible to depression-like symptoms at the molecular, neuronal, and behavioral levels. Sperm small RNAs, and microRNAs (miRNAs) in particular, exhibit distinct expression profiles in F0 males of depression-like model and recapitulate paternal depressive-like phenotypes in F1 offspring. Neutralization of the abnormal miRNAs in zygotes by antisense strands rescues the acquired depressive-like phenotypes in F1 offspring born to F0 males of depression-like model. Mechanistically, sperm miRNAs reshape early embryonic transcriptional profiles in the core neuronal circuits toward depression-like phenotypes. Overall, the findings reveal a causal role of sperm miRNAs in the inheritance of depression and provide insight into the mechanism underlying susceptibility to depression.

14.
Theranostics ; 11(5): 2247-2262, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33500723

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Although significant progress has been made in understanding the mechanisms of steatosis and insulin resistance, the physiological functions of regulators in these processes remain largely elusive. Evidence has suggested that the glutamate/N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor (NMDAR) axis contributes to acute lung injury, pulmonary arterial hypertension, and diabetes, but the specific metabolic contribution of the glutamate/NMDAR axis is not clear. Here we provide data at the animal, cellular, and molecular levels to support the role of the glutamate/NMDAR axis as a therapeutic target for metabolic syndrome in obesity. Methods: We examined the glutamate level in the obese mouse induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) for 12 weeks. To assess the role of NMDAR in insulin sensitivity and lipid metabolism, we tested the effects of Memantine (an NMDAR antagonist) and NMDA (an NMDAR agonist) on mice fed with HFD or standard chow diet. The in vitros NMDAR roles were analyzed in hepatocytes and potential mechanisms involved in regulating lipid metabolism were investigated. Results: Glutamate was increased in the serum of HFD-treated mice. The NMDAR blockade by Memantine decreased the susceptibility to insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis in obese mice. NMDA treatment for 6 months induced obesity in mice, characterized by hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance, and pathological changes in the liver. We provided in vitro evidence demonstrating that NMDAR activation facilitated metabolic syndrome in obesity through promoting lipid accumulation. NMDAR inhibition attenuated lipid accumulation induced by palmitic acid. Mechanistically, NMDAR activation impaired fatty acid oxidation by reducing PPARα phosphorylation and activity. The PPARα activity reduction induced by NMDAR activation was reversibly mediated by ERK1/2 signaling. Conclusion: These findings revealed that targeting NMDAR might be a promising therapeutic strategy for metabolic syndrome in obesity.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/prevenção & controle , Intolerância à Glucose/prevenção & controle , Resistência à Insulina , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Memantina/farmacologia , Obesidade/complicações , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Fígado Gorduroso/etiologia , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Intolerância à Glucose/etiologia , Intolerância à Glucose/metabolismo , Intolerância à Glucose/patologia , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Fosforilação , Transdução de Sinais
15.
Cell Res ; 31(3): 247-258, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801357

RESUMO

Dietary microRNAs have been shown to be absorbed by mammals and regulate host gene expression, but the absorption mechanism remains unknown. Here, we show that SIDT1 expressed on gastric pit cells in the stomach is required for the absorption of dietary microRNAs. SIDT1-deficient mice show reduced basal levels and impaired dynamic absorption of dietary microRNAs. Notably, we identified the stomach as the primary site for dietary microRNA absorption, which is dramatically attenuated in the stomachs of SIDT1-deficient mice. Mechanistic analyses revealed that the uptake of exogenous microRNAs by gastric pit cells is SIDT1 and low-pH dependent. Furthermore, oral administration of plant-derived miR2911 retards liver fibrosis, and this protective effect was abolished in SIDT1-deficient mice. Our findings reveal a major mechanism underlying the absorption of dietary microRNAs, uncover an unexpected role of the stomach and shed light on developing small RNA therapeutics by oral delivery.

16.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 469, 2020 12 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a beta-hersvirinae that has a high latent infection rate worldwide and can cause serious consequences in immunocompromised patients when reactivation; however, the mechanism of how HCMV convert from latent to reactivation has rarely been investigated. In the present study, we aimed to perform a comprehensive analysis of the HCMV-encoded microRNA (miRNA) profile in serum of patients upon HCMV reactivation from latency and to further evaluate its clinical significance for the disease monitoring and preventing usefulness. METHODS: Serum samples from 59 viremia patients and 60 age-gender matched controls were enrolled in this study for screening and validation of different expression of HCMV miRNAs. Serum concentrations of 22 known HCMV miRNAs were determined by a hydrolysis probe-based stem-loop quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) assay. HCMV DNA was measured by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) with the whole blood sample. Serum HCMV IgG and IgM were assessed using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Another 47 samples from 5 patients at different time points were collected to evaluate the monitoring effectiveness and disease prediction ability of differential expression HCMV-miRNAs during the antiviral treatment. RESULTS: The RT-qPCR analysis revealed that the serum levels of 16 of the 22 examined HCMV miRNAs were elevated in HCMV viremia patients compared with controls, and a profile of 8 HCMV miRNAs including hcmv-miR-US25-2-3p, hcmv-miR-US4-5p, hcmv-miR-US25-2-5p, hcmv-miR-US25-1-3p, hcmv-miR-US25-1, hcmv-miR-UL36, hcmv-miR-UL148D, hcmv-miR-US29-3p were markedly elevated (fold change > 2, P < 0.01). Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis were performed on the selected HCMV-miRNAs in all of the patients and controls that enrolled in this study, and which ranged from 0.72 to 0.80 in the autoimmune patients. In addition, hcmv-miR-US25-1-3p levels were significantly correlated with HCMV DNA load (r = 0.349, P = 0.007), and were obviously higher in the reactivation set than the latency set in the autoimmune patients, which could be a predictor for the monitoring of the antiviral treatment. CONCLUSIONS: HCMV miRNAs profile showed markedly shift-switch from latency to reactivation in circulation from HCMV infected patients and hcmv-miR-US25-1-3p may be served as a predictor for the switch upon reactivation from latency in patients suffered with autoimmune diseases.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , MicroRNAs , Citomegalovirus/genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Viral , Latência Viral
17.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(22): 22719-22743, 2020 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33197889

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the role of serum exosomal miR-222 in obesity-related insulin resistance. Bioinformatics analyses showed that miR-222 levels were significantly upregulated in the white adipose tissue of obese patients with insulin resistance (GSE25402 dataset) and in serum samples from type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients (GSE90028 dataset). Moreover, analysis of miRNA expression in adipose tissue-specific Dicer knockout mice (GitHub dataset) and diabetic model mice (GSE81976 and GSE85101 datasets), gonadal white adipose tissue (gWAT) was the main source of serum exosomal miR-222. MiR-222 levels were significantly elevated in the serum, serum exosomes and gWAT of mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD), and there was a corresponding downregulation of IRS1 and phospho-AKT levels in their liver and skeletal muscle tissues, which correlated with impaired insulin sensitivity and glucose intolerance. These effects were abrogated by surgically removing the gWAT from the HFD-fed mice. Thus, gWAT-derived serum exosomal miR-222 appears to promote insulin resistance in the liver and skeletal muscle of HFD-fed obese mice by suppressing IRS1 expression.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo Branco/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Resistência à Insulina , MicroRNAs/sangue , Obesidade/sangue , Animais , Feminino , Gônadas/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo
18.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 89(Pt A): 107045, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045564

RESUMO

NOD-, LRR- and pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome and triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (TREM-1) are considered critical orchestrators of the inflammatory response in acute lung injury (ALI). However, few assumptions are based on the relationship between them. Here, we investigated the effect of NLRP3 inflammasome activation on the TREM-1 expression in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI and macrophages. We found that inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome reduced the TREM-1 expression and pathological lung injury in mice with ALI. Then, primary murine macrophages were used to dissect the underlying mechanistic events of the activation NLRP3 inflammasome involved in the TREM-1 expression. Our results demonstrated that the conditioned medium (CM) from NLRP3 inflammasome-activated-macrophages up-regulated the TREM-1 expression in macrophages, while this effect was reversed by an NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor MCC950. Furthermore, neutralizing antibodies anti-IL-18 and anti-HMGB1 reduced the TREM-1 expression induced by NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Mechanistically, we found that CM from NLRP3 inflammasome-activated-macrophages increased the level of inhibitor κB kinase protein phosphorylation (p-IκBα) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) content, and promoted IκBα protein degradation in macrophages. While the inhibition of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) and scavenging ROS eliminated the up-regulation of TREM-1 induced by the NLRP3 inflammasome activation in macrophages. In summary, our study confers NLRP3 inflammasome as a new trigger of TREM-1 signing, which allows additional insight into the pathological of the inflammatory response in ALI.


Assuntos
Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Interleucina-18/metabolismo , Macrófagos Peritoneais/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Receptor Gatilho 1 Expresso em Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína HMGB1/genética , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pneumopatias/induzido quimicamente , Pneumopatias/metabolismo , Pneumopatias/patologia , Macrófagos Peritoneais/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Sulfonas/farmacologia , Receptor Gatilho 1 Expresso em Células Mieloides/genética , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
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