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1.
Clin Biochem ; 113: 64-69, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36610469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: α-thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder caused by variants in the α-globin gene cluster. Identification of the pathogenic α-globin gene variants is important for the diagnosis and management of thalassemia. METHODS: Two suspected families from Xiantao, Hubei Province were recruited in this study. The family members underwent hemoglobin testing. Polymerase Chain Reaction based reverse dot blot (PCR-RDB) was employed to identify the known variants. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) and third-generation sequencing (TGS) were performed to screen the potential disease-causing variants, which were validated by Sanger sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). RESULTS: Hematological analysis suggested that proband A had α-thalassemia traits, and proband B had HbH disease traits. However, only a -α3.7 mutation had been detected by PCR-RDB and NGS in the proband of family B. Subsequent TGS identified a novel 10.3 kb deletion (NC_000016.10:g.172342-182690del) covering the HBA1, HBQ1 and HBA2 genes in the α-globin gene cluster in both family A and B, which was confirmed by Sanger sequencing and MLPA. These results indicated that the novel deletion is likely responsible for α-thalassemia. CONCLUSION: A novel α-thalassemia deletion was identified for the two families by TGS. Our work broadened the molecular spectrum of α-thalassemia, and was beneficial for the diagnosis, genetic counseling and management of α-thalassemia.

2.
Food Res Int ; 163: 112256, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596167

RESUMO

Reducing sodium salt content in traditional fermented vegetables and developing low-salt fermented products have attracted increasing attention.However, low-salt fermented vegetables are prone to accumulate toxic biogenic amines (BAs) caused by the undesirable metabolism of spoilage microorganisms. This study aimed to investigate the impact of a CO2-modified atmosphere (MA) approach to the fermentation of low-salt Zhacai and the accumulation of BAs. The results show CO2-MA effectively suppressed the production of excessive BAs in low-salt Zhacai, as evidenced by a decrease in the total BA content from 63.66 to 161.41 mg/ kg under natural air conditions to 1.88-24.76 mg/ kg under CO2-MA. Overall, the mechanism of hindering BA formation was closely related to the change in the microbial community and the downregulation of BA-producing enzymes. Lactic acid bacteria, including Lactiplantibacillus plantarum, Weissella spp., and Pediococcus spp., were enriched under CO2-MA, whereas amine-producing microorganisms (e.g., Halomonas spp., Psychrobacter spp., Corynebacterium spp., and Levilactobacillus brevis) were greatly inhibited. Moreover, metagenomic analysis revealed that genes encoding amino acid decarboxylase, amine deiminase, and amine synthase were downregulated, which could be the fundamental reason for BA reduction. This study provides an alternative method for reducing BA production in fermented food.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos , Dióxido de Carbono , Fermentação , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Aminas Biogênicas/análise , Verduras/metabolismo , Atmosfera
3.
Hepatology ; 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647589

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Bile acids trigger a hepatic inflammatory response, causing cholestatic liver injury. Runt-related transcription factor-1 (RUNX1), primarily known as a master modulator in hematopoiesis, plays a pivotal role in mediating inflammatory responses. However, RUNX1 in hepatocytes is poorly characterized, and its role in cholestasis is unclear. Herein, we aimed to investigate the role of hepatic RUNX1 and its underlying mechanisms in cholestasis. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Hepatic expression of RUNX1 was examined in cholestatic patients and mouse models. Mice with liver-specific ablation of Runx1 were generated. Bile duct ligation and 1% cholic acid diet were used to induce cholestasis in mice. Primary mouse hepatocytes and the human hepatoma PLC/RPF/5-ASBT cell line were used for mechanistic studies. Hepatic RUNX1 mRNA and protein levels were markedly increased in cholestatic patients and mice. Liver-specific deletion of Runx1 aggravated inflammation and liver injury in cholestatic mice induced by bile duct ligation or 1% cholic acid feeding. Mechanistic studies indicated that elevated bile acids stimulated RUNX1 expression by activating the RUNX1-P2 promoter through JAK/STAT3 signaling. Increased RUNX1 is directly bound to the promotor region of inflammatory chemokines, including CCL2 and CXCL2, and transcriptionally repressed their expression in hepatocytes, leading to attenuation of liver inflammatory response. Blocking the JAK signaling or STAT3 phosphorylation completely abolished RUNX1 repression of bile acid-induced CCL2 and CXCL2 in hepatocytes. CONCLUSIONS: This study has gained initial evidence establishing the functional role of hepatocyte RUNX1 in alleviating liver inflammation during cholestasis through JAK/STAT3 signaling. Modulating hepatic RUNX1 activity could be a new therapeutic target for cholestasis.

5.
Cell Death Discov ; 9(1): 26, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690641

RESUMO

Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member-12A (TNFRSF12A) plays a critical role in inflammation and cell death. It is expressed in multiple tissues yet extremely low in normal liver. To date, little is known about its role in cholestasis. Therefore, we sought to delineate the role of TNFRSF12A in cholestasis and its underlying mechanisms. Human liver tissues were collected from patients with obstructive cholestasis (OC) or primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). Tnfrsf12a knockout (KO) mice were generated. Cholestasis was induced by bile-duct ligation (BDL) or 0.1% 5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine (DDC)-feeding. Human hepatoma PLC/PRF/5-ASBT and THP1 cell lines or primary mouse hepatocytes were used for mechanistic studies. Hepatic TNFRSF12A expression was markedly increased in OC or PBC patients. Genetic ablation of Tnfrsf12a in BDL- and 0.1%DDC-induced cholestatic mice significantly attenuated cholestatic liver injury with remarkable reduction of hepatocyte pyroptosis but without changing scores of necroptosis and apoptosis. Morphological features of hepatocyte pyroptosis and increased levels of pyroptosis-related proteins, NLRP3, cleaved-Caspase-1, and cleaved-GSDMD in OC patients and BDL-mice confirmed this observation. Further mechanistic studies revealed that bile acids (BAs) induced TNFRSF12A expression by enhancing the transcription factor c-JUN binding to the TNFRSF12A promoter and subsequently initiated hepatocyte pyroptosis by the NFκB/Caspase-1/GSDMD signaling. Interestingly, TWEAK, a typical ligand of TNFRSF12A, secreted by infiltrated macrophages in cholestatic livers, enhanced TNFRSF12A-induced hepatocyte pyroptosis. Taken together, we report, for the first time, that hepatic TNFRSF12A is dramatically increased in human cholestasis. Deletion of TNFRSF12A inhibits BAs-induced hepatocyte pyroptosis through the NFκB/Caspase-1/GSDMD signaling and thereby ameliorates cholestatic liver injury. As such, targeting TNFRSF12A could be a promising approach to treating cholestasis.

6.
Langmuir ; 39(1): 274-284, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36583570

RESUMO

Surface fouling occurs when undesired matter adheres and accumulates on a surface, resulting in a decrease or loss of functionality. Polymer and wax fouling can cause costly blockages to crude oil pipelines, clog jet fuel injectors, foul chemical reaction vessels, and significantly decrease the efficiency of heat exchangers. Fouling occurs in many forms but can be segmented based on adherent size, modulus, and chemical functionality. Depending on the foulant, surface design strategies can vary greatly. Few strategies exist to prevent the buildup of wax and polymers on surfaces. In this report, we investigate the potential of highly disordered, siloxane liquid-like layers as a strategy for reducing wax and polymer deposition. In our tests, it was found that the liquid-like layers developed here were able to reduce postadsorption roughness for polymer and wax by as much as 35- and 47-fold, respectively, when compared to the control. SFG was utilized to investigate the molecular-level interfacial properties for each of the modified surfaces to help understand the antifouling mechanism. The data showed that the likely higher grafting density and a large degree of random conformational freedom at the liquid-surface interface make the developed siloxane-covered surfaces energetically unfavorable for polymer and wax accretion.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36475386

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify genes that confer MS risk via the alteration of cis-regulated protein abundance and verify their aberrant expression in human brain. METHODS: Utilizing a two-stage proteome-wide association study (PWAS) design, MS GWAS data (N = 41,505) was respectively integrated with two distinct human brain proteomes from the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, including ROSMAP (N = 376) in the discovery stage and Banner (N = 152) in the confirmation stage. In the following, Bayesian colocalization analysis was conducted for GWAS and protein quantitative trait loci signals to prioritize candidate genes. Differential expression analysis was then used to verify the dysregulation of risk genes in white matter and gray matter for evidence at the transcription level. RESULTS: A total of 51 genes whose protein abundance had association with the MS risk were identified, of which 18 genes overlapped in the discovery and confirmation PWAS. Bayesian colocalization indicated six causal genes with genetic risk variants for the MS risk. The differential expression analysis of SHMT1 (PFDR  = 4.82 × 10-2 ), FAM120B (PFDR  = 8.13 × 10-4 ) in white matter and ICA1L (PFDR  = 3.44 × 10-2 ) in gray matter confirmed the dysregulation at the transcription level. Further investigation of expression found SHMT1 significantly up-regulated in white matter lesion, and FAM120B up-regulated in both white matter lesion and normal appearing white matter. ICA1L was down-regulated in both gray matter lesion and normal appearing gray matter. INTERPRETATION: Dysregulation of SHMT1, FAM120B and ICA1L may confer MS risk. Our findings shed new light on the pathogenesis of MS and prioritized promising targets for future therapy research.

8.
EJNMMI Radiopharm Chem ; 7(1): 31, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36459299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 161Tb is a radiolanthanide with the potential to replace 177Lu in targeted radionuclide therapy. 161Tb is produced via the neutron irradiation of [160Gd]Gd2O3 targets, and must be purified from 160Gd and the decay product 161Dy prior to use. Established purification methods require complex conditions or high-pressure ion chromatography (HPIC) which are inconvenient to introduce in a broad user community. This study aims to find a simpler small solid-phase extraction (SPE) column method for 161Tb purification that is more suitable for automation with commercially available systems like TRASIS. RESULTS: We first tested the distribution coefficients on TK211 and TK212 resins for the separation of Gd, Tb, and Dy, and subsequently developed a method to separate these metal ions, with an additional TK221 resin to concentrate the final product. A side-by-side comparison of the products purified using this new method with the HPIC method was undertaken, assessing the radionuclidic purity, chemical purity regarding Gd and Dy, and labeling efficiency with a standard chelate (DOTA) and a novel chelate (crown). The two methods have comparable radionuclidic purity and labeling efficiency. The small SPE column method reduced Gd content to nanogram level, although still higher than the HPIC method. An ICP-MS method to quantify 161Tb, 159Tb, 160Gd, and 161Dy was developed with the application of mass-shift by ammonia gas. Last, 161Tb produced from the small SPE column method was used to assess the biodistribution of [161Tb]Tb-crown-αMSH, and the results were comparable to the HPIC produced 161Tb. CONCLUSIONS: 161Tb was successfully purified by a semi-automated TRASIS system using a combination of TrisKem extraction resins. The resulting product performed well in radiolabelling and in vivo experiments. However, improvement can be made in the form of further reduction of 160Gd target material in the final product. An ICP-MS method to analyze the radioactive product was developed. Combined with gamma spectroscopy, this method allows the purity of 161Tb being assessed before the decay of the product, providing a useful tool for quality control.

9.
Front Nutr ; 9: 1043055, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36523330

RESUMO

The impact of fermentation by Levilactobacillus brevis YSJ3 on sleep-promoting components (SPCs) of carrot juice was evaluated. The contents of acetic acid, isovaleric acid, butyric acid, and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) significantly increased after fermentation. The beneficial effects of fermented carrot juice (FCJ) on sleep were evaluated in animal experiments. Behavioral test reveal SPCs-enriched FCJ could effectively relieve anxiety. The sleep duration in the FCJ group were extended compared to the control (NC) group and the unfermented carrot juice (UCJ) group. Moreover, the relative abundances of Ruminiclostridium and Akkermansia in the FCJ group and PC group, respectively, increased significantly, compared to the NC group the UCJ group. The contents of gut short-chain fatty acids in the FCJ group were significantly higher than that in the NC group and the UCJ group. The levels of GABA and 5-hydroxytryptamine in the brain for the FCJ group also increased significantly, compared to the NC group and the UCJ group. It indicated that SPCs-enriched FCJ effectively improved sleep in mice, which might be related to the fermentation of carrot juice and the compounds produced during the fermentation.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36482064

RESUMO

Bone tissue is a common metastatic site of lung cancer, and bone metastasis is characterized by abnormal differentiation and malfunction of osteoclast, and the roles of exosomes derived from lung cancer have attracted much attention. In our study, we found that the level of HOTAIR expression in A549 and H1299 exosomes was higher than those of normal lung fibrocytes. Overexpression of HOTAIR in A549 and H1299 exosomes promoted osteoclast differentiation. Furthermore, A549-Exos and H1299-Exos targeted bone tissues, and bone formation was significantly inhibited in vivo. Mechanistically, exosomal lncRNA HOTAIR promoted bone resorption by targeting TGF-ß/PTHrP/RANKL pathway.

11.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1071439, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36578939

RESUMO

Background: Carbohydrate antigen 242 has been clinically used as a diagnostic biomarker for pancreatic cancer. However, the prognostic role of CA242 in hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) has not been identified. Also, it remains unclear to what extents the vascular invasion and lymph node metastasis mediate the effect of serum CA242 on prognosis. Objective: This study aimed to investigate whether vascular invasion and lymph node metastasis mediate the relationship between CA242 levels and clinical prognosis in HCCA patients after radical resection. Methods: Data of 234 HCCA patients who accepted radical resection from March 2008 to December 2014 were analyzed. Vascular invasion and lymph node metastasis were assessed by postoperative pathological examinations. Mediation analysis was performed to study the potential causal relationship between CA242 and overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS). Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Among 234 HCCA patients, 104 patients (44.4%) with normal CA242 levels (≤ 20 IU/ml) had significantly better OS (p=0.004) and RFS (p=0.001) than those 130 patients (55.6%) with elevated CA242 levels (>20 IU/ml). The logistic analysis showed that elevated CA242 was an independent risk factor for vascular invasion (p=0.006) and lymph nodes metastasis (p=0.040). The causal mediation analysis indicated that the vascular invasion (p=0.012 for OS; p=0.036 for RFS) and lymph nodes metastasis (p=0.024 for OS; p=0.014 for RFS) played significant roles in mediating the effect of serum CA242 on OS and RFS. Conclusion: Serum elevated CA242 could be a novel marker for prognosis prediction in HCCA patients. Vascular invasion and lymph node metastasis mediated the relationship between CA242 and clinical prognosis.

12.
Nanoscale ; 15(1): 154-161, 2022 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36478182

RESUMO

Catalysis based on two-dimensional silicon has been under intense investigation recently. However, its substandard catalytic activity is far from industrialization. In this work, we demonstrate a new solution to this problem formulated on the batch synthesis of siloxene with an enhanced specific surface area (217.8 m2 g-1). A two-dimensional porous structure was prepared, enabling great support and dispersion of metal nanoparticles. Catalytic evaluations of such hybrid structures for the (photo)thermal CO2 hydrogenation reaction and the electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction revealed a significant performance advantage over the benchmark two-dimensional silicon structures synthesized via the conventional method. This work may confer notable viability on two-dimensional silicon for advanced energy, catalytic, and environmental applications.

13.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36584240

RESUMO

Driving metal-cluster-catalyzed high-temperature chemical reactions by sunlight holds promise for the development of negative-carbon-footprint industrial catalysis, which has yet often been hindered by the poor ability of metal clusters to harvest and utilize the full spectrum of solar energy. Here, we report the preparation of Mo2TiC2 MXene-supported Ru clusters (Ru/Mo2TiC2) with pronounced broadband sunlight absorption ability and high sintering resistance. Under illumination of focused sunlight, Ru/Mo2TiC2 can catalyze the reverse water-gas shift (RWGS) reaction to produce carbon monoxide from the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide and renewable hydrogen with enhanced activity, selectivity, and stability compared to their nanoparticle counterparts. Notably, the CO production rate of MXene-supported Ru clusters reached 4.0 mol·gRu-1·h-1, which is among the best reported so far for photothermal RWGS catalysts. Detailed studies suggest that the production of methane is kinetically inhibited by the rapid desorption of CO from the surface of the Ru clusters.

15.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1049287, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386629

RESUMO

Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) has gained increasing attention in the poultry industry due to its ability to cause tissue injuries not only in the respiratory system and kidney but also in the reproductive system of layers. Recently, the GVI-1 lineage IBVs have spread widely in China, whereas their pathogenicity in egg-laying chickens has rarely been studied, especially its long-term influence in egg production upon the early infection in chicks. In this study, 10-day-old SPF chicks were infected with the GVI-1 lineage JX181 strain and monitored over a 170-day period after infection. The pathogenicity evaluation of the JX181 strain included clinical observations, immunohistochemical assay, viral load, viral shedding, gross autopsy, and laying rate. The results showed that JX181 has a high pathogenicity, causing severe system lesions, and the decrease in egg production. In summary, this study describes the long-term damages caused by the early infection with the IBV GVI-1 lineage on the reproductive system of hens, providing a comprehensive understanding of the pathogenicity of the IBV GVI-1 lineage and emphasizing the importance of its early prevention.

16.
Front Genet ; 13: 1046096, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386852

RESUMO

Objective: To demonstrate the feasibility of haplotype-based noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy type 1 (FSHD1). Methods: Bionano optical mapping was used to identify the D4Z4 structural variation of the genomic DNA sample from the proband affected with FSHD1. In addition, based on the technique of next generation sequencing, the pathogenic haplotype was determined by using trio strategy through genotyping his parents, and also fetal inheritance of paternal haplotypes was then deduced using the Hidden Markov Model. Results: Bionano optical mapping analysis revealed that the proband has only three D4Z4 repeats left in the 4q35 chromosomal region and a disease-permitting 4qA haplotype. The other normal allele of the proband contains 29 D4Z4 repeats and also a 4qA haplotype. The noninvasive cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA)-based haplotype analysis suggested that the fetus inherited the pathogenic allele from his father and thus was predicted to be affected by FSHD1. In addition, Bionano optical mapping also demonstrated the presence of the pathogenic allele in the fetus by interrogating the genomic DNA from the amniotic fluid cells. Conclusion: Our study showed the cffDNA-based haplotyping was feasible for the noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of FSHD1, which is able to provide earlier testing results with a lower risk of miscarriage and infection than invasive techniques.

17.
Bioconjug Chem ; 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36378809

RESUMO

A new, high-denticity, bifunctional ligand─H3TPAN-triazole-Bn-NH2─has been synthesized and studied in complexation with [225Ac]Ac3+ and [111In]In3+ for radiopharmaceutical applications. The bifunctional chelator is readily synthesized, using a high-yielding four-step prep, which is highly adaptable and allows for straightforward incorporation of different covalent linkers using CuI-catalyzed alkyne-azide cycloaddition (click) chemistry. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies of H3TPAN-triazole-Bn-NH2 with La3+ and In3+ metal ions show the formation of a single, asymmetric complex with each ion in solution, corroborated by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Radiolabeling studies with [225Ac]Ac3+ and [111In]In3+ showed highly effective complexation, achieving quantitative radiochemical conversions at low ligand concentrations (<10-6 M) under mild conditions (RT, 10 min), which is further accompanied by high stability in human serum. The bioconjugate─H3TPAN-triazole-Bn-Aoc-Pip-Nle-CycMSHhex─was prepared for targeting of MC1R-positive tumors, and the corresponding 111In-radiolabeled tracer was studied in vivo. SPECT/CT and biodistribution studies in C57BL/6J mice bearing B16-F10 tumors were performed, with the radiotracer showing good in vivo stability; tumor uptake was achieved. This work highlights a new promising and versatile bifunctional chelator, easily prepared and encouraging for 225Ac/111In theranostics.

18.
Food Funct ; 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411976

RESUMO

In 2013, Limosilactobacillus fermentum was regarded as a "generally recognized as safe" organism by the US Food and Drug Administration, and emerging evidence showed that it can exert beneficial health effects on humans. In this study, five L. fermentum strains from different phylogroups of a phylogenetic tree containing 224 L. fermentum strains were chosen, and their protective effects against loperamide-induced constipation in mice were studied. Animal experiments showed that L. fermentum YN54 significantly alleviated weight loss, increased fecal moisture, accelerated intestinal peristalsis, and increased the small intestinal transit rate in mice with constipation by regulating gastrointestinal peptides and increasing the amount of intestinal short-chain fatty acids. However, the other four L. fermentum strains (XJ61, CECT5716, WX115, and GD121) did not relieve constipation in mice treated with loperamide. A comparative genomic analysis of these strains was conducted and "L. fermentum YN54 only" genes were functionally annotated and validated with the other three L. fermentum strains (FJ12, GX51, and ZH1010) that had different functional genes. Finally, the genes involved in the synthesis of fatty acid hydrase, polysaccharides, and cell membranes were identified to be associated with the probiotic effect of L. fermentum on mice with constipation through preliminary experiments in this study.

19.
Oral Dis ; 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350305

RESUMO

Non-syndromic skeletal Class III malocclusion is a major craniofacial disorder characterized by genetic and environmental factors. Patients with severe skeletal Class III malocclusion require orthognathic surgery to obtain aesthetic facial appearance and functional occlusion. Recent studies have demonstrated that susceptible chromosomal regions and genetic variants of candidate genes play important roles in the etiology of skeletal Class III malocclusion. Here, we provide a comprehensive review of our current understanding of the genetic factors that affect non-syndromic skeletal Class III malocclusion, including the patterns of inheritance and multiple genetic approaches. We then summarize the functional studies on related loci and genes using cell biology and animal models, which will help to implement individualized therapeutic interventions.

20.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0165122, 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36321893

RESUMO

Probiotics can effectively improve ulcerative colitis (UC), but the mechanism is still unclear. Here, shotgun metagenome and transcriptome analyses were performed to explore the therapeutic effect and the mechanism of the probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum HNU082 (Lp082) on UC. The results showed that Lp082 treatment significantly ameliorated dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced UC in mice, which was manifested as increases in body weight, water intake, food intake, and colon length and decreases in disease activity index (DAI), immune organ index, inflammatory factors, and histopathological scores after Lp082 intake. An in-depth study discovered that Lp082 could improve the intestinal mucosal barrier and relieve inflammation by cooptimizing the biological barrier, chemical barrier, mechanical barrier, and immune barrier. Specifically, Lp082 rebuilt the biological barrier by regulating the intestinal microbiome and increasing the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Lp082 improved the chemical barrier by reducing intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM) and increasing goblet cells and mucin2. Lp082 ameliorated the mechanical barrier by increasing zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), zonula occludens-2 (ZO-2), and occludin while decreasing claudin-1 and claudin-2. Lp082 optimized the immune barrier by reducing the content of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and increasing IL-10, transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1), and TGF-ß2, inhibiting the NF-κB signaling pathway. Taken together, probiotic Lp082 can play a protective role in a DSS-induced colitis mouse model by protecting the intestinal mucosal barrier, attenuating the inflammatory response, and regulating microbial imbalance. This study provides support for the development of probiotic-based microbial products as an alternative treatment strategy for UC. IMPORTANCE Many studies have focused on the therapeutic effect of probiotics on ulcerative colitis (UC), but few studies have paid attention to the mechanism of probiotics, especially the therapeutic effect. This study suggests that Lp082 has a therapeutic effect on colitis in mice. Its mechanisms of action include protecting the mucosal barrier and actively modulating the gut microbiome, modulating inflammatory pathways, and reducing neutrophil infiltration. Our study enriches the mechanism and provides a new prospect for probiotics in the treatment of colitis, helps to deepen the understanding of the intestinal mucosal barrier, and provides guidance for the future probiotic treatment of human colitis.

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