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1.
J Mass Spectrom Adv Clin Lab ; 21: 1-9, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820671

RESUMO

Human C-peptide is secreted in equimolar amounts with insulin by pancreatic beta-cells. Measurement of C-peptide plays an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes where it is used to evaluate the function of islet cells. However, C-peptide measurement results across different laboratories vary considerably and there is an urgent need to improve comparability between laboratories. As it is sensitive and specific, isotope dilution-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (ID-LC-MS/MS) has made a major contribution and will continue to play a significant role in the standardization of C-peptide measurement. Here, we reviewed the application of ID-LC-MS/MS in C-peptide measurement by discussing the biochemical properties of C-peptide, common sample preparation procedures, and the sensitivity problems often encountered with ID-LC-MS/MS C-peptide measurement. Collectively, these factors are crucial for the development of ID-LC-MS/MS methods for C-peptide measurement. We also discussed the advantages, disadvantages, and progress of implementing ID-LC-MS/MS as a routine measurement tool for C-peptide in clinical laboratories. Finally, we summarized the existing reference system and the status of C-peptide measurement in clinical laboratories to convey the necessity of improving the comparability of C-peptide measurement in clinical laboratories using ID-LC-MS/MS.

2.
Bioengineered ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753395

RESUMO

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common malignant primary brain tumor, and GBM patients have a poor overall prognosis. CDC20 expression is increased in a variety of tumors and associated with temozolomide (TMZ) resistance in glioma cells. Apcin specifically binds to CDC20 to inhibit APC/C-CDC20 interaction and exhibits antitumor properties. The purpose of this article was to assess whether apcin inhibits tumor growth in glioma cell lines and increases the sensitivity of GBM to TMZ. In this study, a series of biochemical assays, such as Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), wound healing, apoptosis and colony formation assays, were performed to determine the antitumor properties of apcin in glioma cells. GBM cell apoptosis was detected by western blotting analysis of related proteins. Apcin increased the sensitivity of glioma to TMZ, as confirmed by CCK-8 and western blotting analysis. The results showed that apcin significantly inhibited the proliferation of glioma cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The migration decreased with increasing apcin concentrations. Increased Bim expression indicated that apcin promotes the apoptosis of glioma cells. Furthermore, apcin improved glioma sensitivity to TMZ. The results showed that apcin can effectively inhibit GBM growth and improve TMZ sensitivity. Apcin has the potential to treat GBM and is expected to provide new ideas for individualized treatment.

3.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24069, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783398

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the implementation and quality control of the quantitative detection of serum Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) antibody in clinical laboratories in China. METHODS: Online external quality assessment (EQA) questionnaires were distributed to the clinical laboratories by National Center for Clinical Laboratories (NCCL) of China. We collected information on the quantitative detection procedures of serum H. pylori antibody in clinical laboratories, including detection reagents, methods, instruments, calibrators, and internal quality control (IQC). We distributed quality control products to some select laboratories that conducted quantitative detection and analyzed the obtained test data. We evaluated the quantitative detection procedure based on the standard evaluation criteria set at a target value of ±30%. RESULTS: 70.9% (146/206) of the laboratories conducted quantitative detection of H. pylori antibody; 29.1% (60/206) of the laboratories performed qualitative detection. Domestic reagents and matching calibrators accounted for more than 97.1% (200/206) of all reagents. Latex-enhanced immunoturbidimetry was used in 89.7% (131/146) of the laboratories for quantitative determination, while the colloidal gold method was used in 66.7% (40/60) of the laboratories for qualitative determination. A total of 130 laboratories participated in the EQA; 123 completed the assessment, and the pass rate was 75.6% (93/123). CONCLUSION: Clinical quantitative detection of serum H. pylori antibody is performed at a high rate in China. Thus, further studies on the specificity of commercial detection reagents are needed. EQAs are useful to monitor and improve the detection quality of H. pylori antibodies.

4.
Cancer Biol Med ; 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623790

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lower grade gliomas (LGGs), classified as World Health Organization (WHO) grade II and grade III gliomas, comprise a heterogeneous group with a median survival time ranging from 4-13 years. Accurate prediction of the survival times of LGGs remains a major challenge in clinical practice. METHODS: We reviewed the expression data of 865 LGG patients from 5 transcriptomics cohorts. The comparative profile of immune genes was analyzed for signature identification and validation. In-house RNAseq and microarray data from the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) dataset were used as training and internal validation cohorts, respectively. The samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and GSE16011 cohorts were used as external validation cohorts, and the real-time PCR of frozen LGG tissue samples (n = 36) were used for clinical validation. RESULTS: A total of 2,214 immune genes were subjected to pairwise comparison to generate 2,449,791 immune-related gene pairs (IGPs). A total of 402 IGPs were identified with prognostic values for LGGs. The HOXA9-related and CRH-related scores facilitated identification of patients with different prognoses. An immune signature based on 10 IGPs was constructed to stratify patients into low and high risk groups, exhibiting different clinical outcomes. A nomogram, combining immune signature, 1p/19q status, and tumor grade, was able to predict the overall survival (OS) with c-indices of 0.85, 0.80, 0.80, 0.79, and 0.75 in the training, internal validation, external validation, and tissue sample cohorts, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study was the first to report a comparative profiling of immune genes in large LGG cohorts. A promising individualized immune signature was developed to estimate the survival time for LGG patients.

5.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(5): 1255, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603523

RESUMO

Pituitary adenomas, the most common type of lesion in the sellar region, rank third among all brain tumors, with an incidence of 73-94 cases per 100,000 individuals. Due to its high resolution, MRI is highly efficient in brain imaging and has emerged as the most appropriate method for tumor consistency evaluation. The present study aimed to assess the levels of collagen types I and III in pituitary adenomas with different consistencies and to determine the value of T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) MRI for predicting tumor consistency. A total of 55 patients with pituitary adenomas were divided into the soft and firm tumor groups according to intraoperative tumor consistency. The ratio of the tumor to Pons' signal intensities on T2WI scans was determined. A receiver operating characteristic curve was plotted to assess the specificity and sensitivity of T2WI in predicting tumor consistency. Average optical density (AOD) values for collagen types I (0.046±0.008 vs. 0.052±0.012, P=0.033) and III (0.044±0.008 vs. 0.050±0.010, P=0.016) were significantly lower in the soft tumor group compared with those in the firm tumor group. There was no significant difference in the ratio of the tumor to Pons' signal intensities on T2WI scans. The area under the ROC curve was 0.595±0.078 (P=0.250). The maximum tumor diameter significantly differed between the soft and firm tumor groups (P=0.001). AOD values for collagen types I and III were significantly correlated with the maximum tumor diameter (P<0.001). The amounts of collagen types I and III were elevated in firm pituitary tumors compared with the soft ones. The ratio of tumor to Pons' signal intensities on T2WI scans was not able to accurately predict tumor consistency. The size of pituitary adenomas may be associated with the expression levels of collagen types I and III.

6.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 413(30): 7509-7520, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643770

RESUMO

Accurate measurement of plasma metanephrines (MNs) including metanephrine (MN) and normetanephrine (NMN) is crucial for the screening and diagnosis in pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs). Although the number of laboratories using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method to measure MNs has been increasing rapidly, those laboratory-developed assays showed incomparable results. There are no reference measurement procedures (RMPs) or reference materials (RMs) for MNs in Joint Committee for Traceability in Laboratory Medicine (JCTLM), which hindered the standardization of MNs measurement. We established a candidate RMP (cRMP) based on isotope dilution liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (ID-LC/MS/MS) method for plasma MNs measurement. Plasma samples were spiked with MN-D3 and NMN-D3 as internal standards; protein precipitation and ion-exchange solid phase extraction (SPE) were performed to extract samples, eventually analyzed by LC-MS/MS. The cRMP was applied to evaluate two routine ID-LC/MS/MS methods through split-sample comparisons. Fifty-three individual patient samples were determined by cRMP and two routine ID-LC/MS/MS methods; results were analyzed by ordinary linear regression and Bland-Altman plots. The cRMP exhibited desirable imprecision, with intra-run and total imprecision (coefficient variation, CV) for MN being 0.79-1.36% and 1.53-1.87% and for NMN being 1.10-1.34% and 1.15-1.64%. The analytical recoveries of MN and NMN ranged from 98.3 to 101.7% and from 98.5 to 101.9%, respectively. Significant calibrator biases and sample-specific deviations were observed in method comparison. An accurate, precise, and reliable cRMP for plasma MNs was developed, and RMs with value assigned following the cRMP would help minimize the calibration bias and improve the comparability of different measuring systems.

7.
ACS Omega ; 6(37): 24009-24015, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568679

RESUMO

Reservoir wettability is an important factor in the process of reservoir reconstruction. Especially in hydrophilic formation, it is easy to cause a water-locked phenomenon. A new type of fluoropolymer microemulsion was prepared by emulsion polymerization, and its structure and properties were characterized. The average particle size in the prepared emulsion was about 2.0 µm. The emulsion had good stability and wettability reversal performance for the storage of 30 days. After the treatment of 2.0 wt % emulsion, the contact angle between the core and water changed from 26 to 128°, the core surface free energy decreased from 66 to 2.6 mN/m, and the saturated water imbibition amount of the core decreased from 1.38 to 0.15 g. The ability of the fluoropolymer microemulsion to enhance oil recovery was evaluated by the visual displacement experiment. The fluoropolymer microemulsion can increase the displacement efficiency by more than 10%. The wettability of the core changed from hydrophilicity to hydrophobicity, and wettability reversal was achieved.

8.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 711772, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34305618

RESUMO

Background: Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1A), the principal regulator of hypoxia, is involved in the suppression of antitumor immunity. We aimed to describe the T-cell exhaustion status of gliomas under different levels of HIF1A expression. Methods: In this study, 692 patients, whose data were collected from the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) database, and 669 patients, whose data were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas database, were enrolled. We further screened the data of a cohort of paired primary and recurrent patients from the CGGA dataset (n = 50). The abundance of immune cells was calculated using the transcriptome data. The association between HIF1A and T-cell exhaustion-related genes and immune cells was investigated. Results: According to the median value of HIF1A expression, gliomas were classified into low-HIF1A-expression and high-HIF1A-expression groups. The expression levels of PDL1 (CD274), FOXO1, and PRDM1 in the high-HIF1A-expression group were significantly higher in both glioblastoma (GBM) and lower-grade glioma. The abundance of exhausted T cells and B cells was significantly higher in the high-HIF1A-expression group, while that of macrophage, monocyte, and natural killer cell was significantly higher in the low-HIF1A-expression group in both GBM and lower-grade glioma. After tumor recurrence, the expression of HIF1A significantly increased, and the correlation between HIF1A expression levels and exhausted T cells and induced regulatory T cells became stronger. Conclusion: In diffuse gliomas, the levels of T-cell exhaustion-associated genes and the abundance of immune cells were elevated under high HIF1A expression. Reversing hypoxia may improve the efficacy of immunotherapy.

9.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-9, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243149

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological characteristics, associated risk factors, and prognostic value of glioma-related epilepsy in patients with diffuse high-grade gliomas (DHGGs) that were diagnosed after the 2016 updated WHO classification was released. METHODS: Data from 449 patients with DHGGs were retrospectively collected. Definitive diagnosis was reaffirmed according to the 2016 WHO classification. Seizure outcome was assessed using the Engel classification at 12 months after surgery. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify risk factors associated with preoperative and postoperative glioma-related epilepsy. Lastly, the prognostic value of glioma-related epilepsy was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier and Cox analysis. RESULTS: The incidence of glioma-related epilepsy decreased gradually as the malignancy of the tumor increased. Age < 45 years (OR 2.601, p < 0.001), normal neurological function (OR 3.024, p < 0.001), and lower WHO grade (OR 2.028, p = 0.010) were independently associated with preoperative glioma-related epilepsy, while preoperative glioma-related epilepsy (OR 7.554, p < 0.001), temporal lobe involvement (OR 1.954, p = 0.033), non-gross-total resection (OR 2.286, p = 0.012), and lower WHO grade (OR 2.130, p = 0.021) were identified as independent predictors of poor seizure outcome. Furthermore, postoperative glioma-related epilepsy, rather than preoperative glioma-related epilepsy, was demonstrated as an independent prognostic factor for overall survival (OR 0.610, p = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: The updated WHO classification seems conducive to reveal the distribution of glioma-related epilepsy in DHGG patients. For DHGG patients with high-risk predictors of poor seizure control, timely antiepileptic interventions could be beneficial. Moreover, glioma-related epilepsy (especially postoperative glioma-related epilepsy) is associated with favorable overall survival.

10.
Org Lett ; 23(15): 5611-5615, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34240601

RESUMO

An efficient cascade reaction of 1-indanylidenemalononitrile with 3-benzylidenebenzofuran-2(3H)-one divergently promoted by DABCO or chiral organocatalyst was developed under mild reaction conditions, and various spiro-dihydrofluorene-benzofuranones were produced in gratifying results, respectively. It is worth noting that both the spiro and axially chiral products can be obtained by tuning the reaction conditions. The mechanism of the transformation was also studied by quantum chemical calculations.

11.
Front Neurol ; 12: 682535, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34220689

RESUMO

Background: Glioma-related epilepsy (GRE) is the most common presenting sign of patients with diffuse glioma. According to clinical experience, new-onset postoperative seizures can be observed even in patients without preoperative GRE. The current study mainly aimed to explore the risk factors of new-onset postoperative seizures in those patients. In addition, the prognostic value of new-onset postoperative seizures was also discussed. Methods: Data of 313 patients without GRE were retrospectively reviewed. Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test were first performed to compare categorical variables between patients with new-onset postoperative seizures and those without. Subsequently, binary logistic regression analysis was conduct to further assess risk factors of new-onset postoperative seizures. Kaplan-Meier and Cox analysis were used to investigate the prognostic value of new-onset postoperative seizures for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: Patients with low-grade tumors (p = 0.006), isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutation (p = 0.040) or low Ki-67 expression (p = 0.005) showed a higher incidence of new-onset postoperative seizures. IDH1 mutation was identified as the only independent predictor for new-onset postoperative seizures (OR, 2.075; 95% CI, 1.051-4.098; p = 0.035). Additionally, new-onset postoperative seizure occurrence was demonstrated as an independent predicter of prolonged OS (OR, 0.574; 95% CI, 0.335-0.983; p = 0.043), while younger age, gross total resection, low-grade and IDH1 mutation were independently correlated with prolonged OS and PFS. Conclusions: IDH1 mutation is an independent predictor for new-onset postoperative seizures in patients without preoperative GRE. Moreover, new-onset postoperative seizures can independently predict prolonged OS in those patients. The results of the current study can contribute to improving the individualized management of diffuse glioma.

12.
PLoS One ; 16(6): e0253324, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34129644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the comparability among assays using freshly frozen human sera and external quality assessment (EQA) data in China. METHODS: Twenty-nine serum samples and two commercial EQA materials, obtained from the National Center for Clinical Laboratories (NCCL), were analyzed in triplicate using eight routine TSH assays. The commutability of commercial EQA materials (NCCL materials) was evaluated in accordance with the CLSI EP30-A and IFCC bias analysis. Median values obtained for the NCCL EQA materials were used to determine the systematic and commutability-related biases among immunoassays through back-calculation. The comparability of TSH measurements from a panel of clinical samples and NCCL EQA data was determined on the basis of Passing-Bablok regression. Furthermore, human serum pools were used to perform commutable EQA. RESULTS: NCCL EQA materials displayed commutability among three or five of seven assay combinations according CLSI or IFCC approach, respectively. The mean of systematic bias ranged from -13.78% to 9.85% for the eight routine TSH assays. After correcting for systematic bias, averaged commutability-related biases ranged between -42.26% and 12.19%. After correction for systematic and commutability -related biases, the slopes indicating interassay relatedness ranged from 0.801 to 1.299 using individual human sera, from 0.735 to 1.254 using NCCL EQA data, and from 0.729 to 1.115 using pooled human serum EQA(the commutable EQA). CONCLUSIONS: The harmonization of TSH measurement is challenging; hence, systematic and commutability-related biases should be determined and corrected for accurate comparisons among assays when using human individual serum and the commercial EQA materials.


Assuntos
Imunoensaio/normas , Plasma/química , Controle de Qualidade , Tireotropina/sangue , China , Humanos , Imunoensaio/métodos , Padrões de Referência
13.
Front Oncol ; 11: 566492, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791198

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in human glioblastoma (GB). MiR-935 has been reported to have both tumor-inhibiting and tumorigenesis effects, but its role in GB remains unclear. Because of the high mortality and morbidity associated with the malignancy of GB, a deeper understanding of the molecular crosstalk that occurs in GB is needed to identify new potential targets for treatment. At present, the mechanism of GB at the molecular level is not fully understood. With the aid of bioinformatic analysis, miR-935 was significantly downregulated in GB, and it presented a poorer outcome. In the glioma cell line and in the nude mice model, the miR-935 inhibited cell proliferation by modulating cell circles in vitro and in vivo. Then, the target genes of miR-935 were analyzed by using the online database, and the direct binding was tested with a luciferase analysis. FZD6 was found to be the direct target of miR-935. The effect of miR-935 was recovered by the overexpression of FZD6 in vitro. In addition, the negative correlation of miR-935 and the expression of FZD6 were confirmed in our clinical samples, and the expression of FZD6 has a strong correlation with tumor malignancy and prognosis. This study showed that miR-935 directly inhibited the expression of FZD6 and inhibited the cell proliferation, thereby suppressing the development of GB, suggesting that miR-935 is a cancer suppressor miRNA and may become a prognostic biomarker or a promising potential therapeutic target for human GBs.

14.
J Org Chem ; 86(9): 6592-6599, 2021 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830765

RESUMO

Density functional theory calculations have been performed to gain insights into the catalytic mechanism of the N-quaternized pyridoxal (i.e., 1a)-mediated biomimetic asymmetric Mannich reaction of tert-butyl glycinate 3 with N-diphenylphosphinyl imine 2a to give the diamino acid ester 4a in high yield with excellent enantiomeric and diastereomeric selectivity (Science 2018, 360, 1438). The study reveals that the whole catalysis can be characterized via three stages: (i) the catalyst 1a reacts with the tert-butyl glycinate 3 to generate the active carbanion complex IM3. (ii) IM3 then reacts with the N-diphenylphosphinyl imine 2a giving the imine intermediate IM8. (iii) IM8 undergoes hydrolysis to give the final product anti-4a and regenerate the catalyst 1a for the next catalytic cycle. Each stage is kinetically and thermodynamically feasible for experimental realization. The hydrolysis step in the stage III is predicted to be the rate-determining step during the whole catalytic cycle. Furthermore, the origins of the enantioselectivity and diastereoselectivity for the target reaction, as well as the deactivation of the catalyst 1b, are also discussed.


Assuntos
Biomimética , Piridoxal , Catálise , Iminas , Estereoisomerismo
15.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 27(5): 617-628, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PTPRZ1-MET (ZM) is a critical genetic alteration driving the progression of lower-grade glioma. Glioma patients harboring ZM could benefit from MET inhibitors. According to the remarkable role of ZM as a driver of glioma progression and indicator of MET inhibitor sensitivity, it is necessary to detect this alteration even when it presents in glioma with relatively fewer copies. METHODS: Herein, we proposed that ZM could be detected with a high-sensitive method of reverse transcriptase PCR with 50 amplification cycles. Via this newly proposed detection method, we depicted the incidence preference of ZM fusion in a cohort of 485 glioma patients. To further explore the oncogenic nature of ZM, we predicated the protein structure alteration of MET kinase brought by its fusion partner. RESULTS: The incidence of ZM fusions was much higher than previous report. ZM fusions exhibited a striking preference in lower-grade glioma and secondary glioblastoma. By contrast, none of patients with primary glioblastoma was detected harboring ZM fusion. In each of the four variants of ZM, the fusion partner segment of MET contained a remarkable coiled-coil motif. In glioma cells expressing ZM, MET kinase could be activated in a ligand-independent manner, which might be contributed by the special coiled-coil structure brought by the fusion partner. Corresponding to the 3D structural analysis and cell line experiment, the ZM positive clinical specimens showed hyperactivations of MET signaling. CONCLUSIONS: ZM fusions are critical drivers of glioma progression and effective target of MET inhibitor. Early detection could be performed with a high-sensitive method of reverse transcriptase PCR. The hyperactivations of MET signaling driving glioma progression might be contributed by a ligand-independent activation enabled by the protein structure modification of extracellular domain of MET in ZM fusions.

16.
Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics ; 19(1): 1-12, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662628

RESUMO

Gliomas are the most common and malignant intracranial tumors in adults. Recent studies have revealed the significance of functional genomics for glioma pathophysiological studies and treatments. However, access to comprehensive genomic data and analytical platforms is often limited. Here, we developed the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA), a user-friendly data portal for the storage and interactive exploration of cross-omics data, including nearly 2000 primary and recurrent glioma samples from Chinese cohort. Currently, open access is provided to whole-exome sequencing data (286 samples), mRNA sequencing (1018 samples) and microarray data (301 samples), DNA methylation microarray data (159 samples), and microRNA microarray data (198 samples), and to detailed clinical information (age, gender, chemoradiotherapy status, WHO grade, histological type, critical molecular pathological information, and survival data). In addition, we have developed several tools for users to analyze the mutation profiles, mRNA/microRNA expression, and DNA methylation profiles, and to perform survival and gene correlation analyses of specific glioma subtypes. This database removes the barriers for researchers, providing rapid and convenient access to high-quality functional genomic data resources for biological studies and clinical applications. CGGA is available at http://www.cgga.org.cn.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , MicroRNAs , Adulto , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , China , Genômica , Glioma/genética , Glioma/terapia , Humanos
17.
Scand J Clin Lab Invest ; 81(3): 218-224, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33755506

RESUMO

The International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) published the reference measurement procedure (RMP) for ALP measurement in 2011. However, the RMP is of high requirements for laboratories, complicated, time-consuming and high cost of reagents. Many manufacturers do not trace results to the higher procedure. And there is currently no designated comparison method (DCM) for ALP measurement. Thus, the standardization of ALP measurement is hindered. Automatic biochemical analyzers are easy to operate and widely used in clinical laboratories. Therefore, according to the RMP, establishing a DCM based on an automatic biochemical analyzer will be a practical way to establish traceability to the accuracy base and promote the standardization of ALP measurement. On the basis of conforming to the RMP recommended by IFCC as far as possible, the DCM was established based on a Thermo Indiko automatic biochemical analyzer. Performances of the method were validated. The DCM repeatability and within laboratory imprecision was <1% and <2.5%, respectively. For evaluation of trueness, the biases were within the equivalent limits. Measurement procedure comparisons and biases estimation were carried out between the DCM, the RMP, and the six routine methods using a panel of 40 individual human serum samples. The comparisons between the DCM and the RMP gave satisfying results. Compared with the DCM, the relative biases of some routine methods failed to meet the bias limit derived from biological variation.

18.
Clin Biochem ; 91: 45-51, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is a key enzyme that functions as a marker of cell damage. Its activity can be measured by a variety of laboratory methods. To eliminate inter-method bias and enhance equivalence among different measurement procedures, LDH detection needs to be standardized. METHODS: Optimized sequences coding for lactate dehydrogenase subunit A (LDH-A) and subunit B (LDH-B) were synthesized and cloned into the pRSFDuet vector, and then the constructed 6His-LDHA-pRSFDuet, 6His-LDHB-pRSFDuet, and 6His-LDHA-LDHB-pRSFDuet plasmids were transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) for expression. The enzyme activity and specific activity of recombinant LDHs were detected. Electrophoresis of LDH isoenzymes was performed. The stability of recombinant LDHs and serum LDH was evaluated. Commutability of recombinant LDH-B was studied by the IFCC reference method and six routine methods. RESULTS: Three plasmids were constructed and three highly concentrated recombinant LDH isoenzymes were obtained. The specific activities of LDH-A, LDH-AB, and LDH-B were 18.08 U/mg, 21.74 U/mg, and 14.18 U/mg, respectively. There was a desirable linear correlation between the activities of recombinant LDH isoenzymes and their protein concentrations. Electrophoresis of LDH isoenzymes showed that the recombinant LDH-B corresponded to LDH1 and it demonstrated good stability at 4 °C and 25 °C for 5 weeks. LDH-B formulations in saline-bovine serum albumin solution and human serum matrix were commutable for six routine methods. CONCLUSION: Human recombinant LDH-B has great potential to become an improved and less expensive standard or reference material in external quality assessment for clinical LDH measurement.


Assuntos
Ensaios Enzimáticos Clínicos/normas , L-Lactato Desidrogenase , Lactato Desidrogenases , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/química , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/normas , Lactato Desidrogenases/química , Lactato Desidrogenases/normas , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/normas , Padrões de Referência
19.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 59(3): 523-532, 2021 02 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554585

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Accurate measurements of serum 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) are essential for diagnosis and treatment monitoring for congenital adrenal hyperplasia patients. The performance of serum 17OHP routine methods remains highly variable that calls for a candidate reference measurement procedure (cRMP) to improve the standardization of serum 17OHP measurements. METHODS: Serum samples spiked with internal standards were extracted with a combination of solid-phase extraction and liquid-liquid extraction. The 17OHP was quantified by the isotope dilution coupled with liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (ID-LC/MS/MS) with electrospray ionization in positive ion mode. Nine structural analogs of 17OHP were evaluated for interferences. The precision and analytical recovery were assessed. Twenty native and 40 spiked serum for performance evaluation were measured by the cRMP and two clinical LC/MS routine methods. RESULTS: No apparent interferences were found with the 17OHP measurement. The within-run, between-run, and total precision for our method were 0.4-0.8%, 0.6-2.0%, and 1.0-2.1% for four pooled serum (2.46-102.72 nmol/L), respectively. The recoveries of added 17OHP were 100.0-100.2%. For the performance of two LC/MS routine methods, they showed relative deviation ranges of -22.1 to 1.1% and -6.7 to 12.8%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We developed and validated a reliable serum 17OHP method using ID-LC/MS/MS. The desirable accuracy and precision of this method enable it to serve as a promising cRMP to improve the standardization for serum 17OHP routine measurements.

20.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 70(9): 2589-2600, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576871

RESUMO

Standard treatment regimen of gliomas has almost reached a bottleneck in terms of survival benefit. Immunotherapy has been explored and applied in glioma treatment. Immunosuppression, as a hallmark of glioma, could be alleviated by inhibiting certain abnormally expressed biomarkers. Here, transcriptome data of 325 whole grade gliomas were collected from the CGGA database. The TCGA RNA sequencing database was used for validation. Western blot was used to verify the expression level of VAT1 on cellular level. The results showed that the expression of VAT1 was positively correlated with the grades of glioma as classified by WHO. A higher expression level of VAT1 was observed in the mesenchymal subtype of gliomas. The area under the curve suggested that the expression level of VAT1 might be a potential prognostic marker of mesenchymal subtype. In survival analysis, we found that patients with high VAT1 expression level tended to have shorter overall survival, which indicated the prognostic value of VAT1 expression. The results of gene ontology analysis showed that most biological processes of VAT1-related genes were involved in immune and inflammatory responses. The results of GSEA analysis showed a negative correlation between VAT1 expression and immune cells. We also identified that the expression of immune checkpoints increased with VAT1 expression. Therefore, the high expression level of VAT1 in patients with glioma was a potential indicator of a lower survival rate for patients with gliomas. Remarkably, VAT1 contributed to glioma-induced immunosuppression and might be a novel target in glioma immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioma/genética , Glioma/imunologia , Imunomodulação , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Proteínas de Checkpoint Imunológico/genética , Proteínas de Checkpoint Imunológico/metabolismo , Mutação , Gradação de Tumores , Prognóstico , Curva ROC
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