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1.
Adv Mater ; : e2108279, 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35023586

RESUMO

Large-scale assembly of organic micro/nanocrystals into well-defined patterns with programmable structures is essential for applications such as information encryption at both high data density and high security level. Here we develop a magnetic field assisted approach that produces programmable assemblies of organic microcrystals with various shapes and orientations, using the magnetic domains of underneath ferromagnetic metal microarrays as the printing templates. The diamagnetic microcrystals tend to aggregate in the regions of minimal field strength, and thus their assembly behavior is precisely controlled by the local field distribution on top of magnetic domains on substrate. The dynamic assembly process of microcrystal assemblies can be programmed upon the sequence of applied field, and their shape changes are ∼100% reproducible on a large scale (>20000 sites over 1 cm2 ). These features of magnetically programable assemblies are ideally suited for information encryption, for which we demonstrate the encryption-decryption-erasing of multi-level information from a quick-response code pattern based on the microcrystal assemblies under magnetic field. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 805: 150262, 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536861

RESUMO

Plants are either recognized to produce nitrous oxide (N2O) or considered as a medium to transport soil-produced N2O. To date, it is not clear whether in their habitat plants conduit N2O produced in soil or are a natural source. We aimed to understand role of plants in N2O emissions in field conditions. Therefore, rubber plants (Ficus elastica) were planted in the field; then plant and soil chambers were deployed simultaneously to collect gas samples, and 15N site preference (SP) of N2O was evaluated. The mean SP values of plant and soil emitted N2O were -20.85 ± 2.8‰ and -8.85 ± 1.08‰, respectively, and were significantly different (p < 0.0001); while bulk 15N of plant and soil emitted N2O were -10.83 ± 3.33‰ and -22.56 ± 3.37‰, respectively and were similar (p = 0.06). In the current study, soil always acted as a source of N2O, while plants were both source and sink. Plant and soil N2O fluxes had significant positive exponential relationship with both soil and air temperature. Soil water-filled pore space (WFPS) had significant negative linear relationship with only soil N2O fluxes. Plant N2O fluxes had significant positive linear relationship with plant respiration rates and negative linear relationship with plant surface areas. Based on the relationship between plant respiration rates and N2O fluxes, we suggest that mitochondria are the possible sites of N2O formation in plant cells while the relationship between plant surface areas and N2O fluxes suggests that roots are the parts of its formation in natural and field conditions. Our results suggest that plants are a natural source of N2O even at field conditions and challenge a view that plants are a medium to transport soil-produced N2O into the atmosphere.


Assuntos
Óxido Nitroso , Solo , Atmosfera , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Plantas , Água
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(24)2021 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948130

RESUMO

The active form of vitamin D, 1α,25-(OH)2D3, not only promotes intestinal calcium absorption, but also regulates the formation of osteoclasts (OCs) and their capacity for bone mineral dissolution. Gal-3 is a newly discovered bone metabolic regulator involved in the proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of various cells. However, the role of galectin-3 (gal-3) in OC formation and the regulatory effects of 1α,25-(OH)2D3 have yet to be explored. To confirm whether gal-3 contributes to the regulatory effects of 1α,25-(OH)2D3 on osteoclastogenesis, osteoclast precursors (OCPs) were induced by macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) and receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL). TRAP staining and bone resorption analyses were used to verify the formation and activation of OCs. qPCR, Western blotting, co-immunoprecipitation, and immunofluorescence assays were used to detect gene and protein expression. The regulatory effects of gal-3 in OC formation after treatment with 1α,25-(OH)2D3 were evaluated using gal-3 siRNA. The results showed that 1α,25-(OH)2D3 significantly increased gal-3 expression and inhibited OC formation and bone resorption. Expression levels of OC-related genes and proteins, matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), nuclear factor of activated T cells 1 (NFATc1), and cathepsin K (Ctsk) were also inhibited by 1α,25-(OH)2D3. Gal-3 knockdown attenuated the inhibitory effects of 1α,25-(OH)2D3 on OC formation, activation, and gene and protein expression. In addition, gal-3 was co-localized with the vitamin D receptor (VDR). These data suggest that gal-3 contributes to the osteoclastogenesis inhibitory effect of lα,25-(OH)2D3, which is involved in bone and calcium homeostasis.


Assuntos
Calcitriol/farmacologia , Galectina 3/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Animais , Calcitriol/genética , Galectina 3/genética , Camundongos
4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(48): 20249-20255, 2021 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797057

RESUMO

Thermally activated delayed fluorescent (TADF) materials are promising to overcome triplet-induced optical loss in the pursuit of electrically pumped organic lasers. However, population inversion is difficult to establish in these materials due to the severe suppression of triplet-to-singlet upconversion in their condensed states. In this work, we report thermally activated lasing in solution-processed coassembled microcrystals, where TADF dyes were uniformly dispersed into crystalline matrices to ensure an efficient reverse intersystem crossing (RISC). The dark-state triplet excitons harvested by the RISC were effectively converted into radiative singlet excitons, which subsequently participated in the population inversion to boost lasing with an unusual temperature dependence. The lasing wavelength was tuned over the full visible spectrum by doping various TADF laser dyes, owing to the excellent compatibility. Trichromatic TADF microlasers were precisely patterned into periodic pixelated arrays by a template-confined solution-growth method. With as-prepared TADF microlaser arrays as display panels, vivid laser displays were achieved under programmable excitation. These results offer valuable enlightenment to minimize triplet state-related energy losses toward high-performance lasers.

5.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 143: 112178, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649308

RESUMO

Modified citrus pectin (MCP) is a specific inhibitor of galectin-3 (Gal-3) that is regarded as a new biomarker of cardiac hypertrophy, but its effect is unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the role and mechanism of MCP in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Rats were injected with ISO to induce cardiac hypertrophy and treated with MCP. Cardiac function was detected by ECG and echocardiography. Pathomorphological changes were evaluated by the haematoxylin eosin (H&E) and wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) staining. The hypertrophy-related genes for atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and ß-myosin heavy chain (ß-MHC), and the associated signal molecules were analysed by qRT-PCR and western blotting. The results show that MCP prevented cardiac hypertrophy and ameliorated cardiac dysfunction and structural disorder. MCP also decreased the levels of ANP, BNP, and ß-MHC and inhibited the expression of Gal-3 and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). Additionally, MCP blocked the phosphorylation of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), but it promoted the phosphorylation of p38. Thus, MCP prevented ISO-induced cardiac hypertrophy by activating p38 signalling and inhibiting the Gal-3/TLR4/JAK2/STAT3 pathway.

6.
Asian J Pharm Sci ; 16(4): 419-431, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34703492

RESUMO

Curcumin and its derivatives have good electrical and optical properties due to the highly symmetric structure of delocalized π electrons. Apart from that, curcumin and its derivatives can interact with numerous molecular targets, thereby exerting less side effects on human body. The fluorescence emission wavelength and fluorescence intensity of curcumin can be enhanced by modifying its π-conjugated system and ß-diketone structure. Some curcumin-based fluorescent probes have been utilized to detect soluble/insoluble amyloid-ß protein, intracranial reactive oxygen species, cysteine, cancer cells, etc. Based on the binding characteristics of curcumin-based fluorescent probes with various target molecules, the factors affecting the fluorescence intensity and emission wavelength of the probes are analyzed, in order to obtain a curcumin probe with higher sensitivity and selectivity. Such an approach will be greatly applicable to in vivo fluorescence imaging.

7.
Dokl Biochem Biophys ; 500(1): 408-414, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34697750

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI), one of the frequently diagnosed and serious sepsis induced complication has high morbidity and mortality. The present study investigated the bioprotective and functional effect of carnosine on AKI induced pathological damage in Male Albino rat model in vivo. AKI in Albino rats was induced by cecal ligation and puncture surgery where as TNF-α and IL-1ß levels were detected using ELISA assay. Protein expression was examined by western blotting and pathological damage using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E). Treatment with carnosine suppressed AKI induced urea nitrogen and creatinine in Male Albino rat serum in dose-dependent manner. Development of sepsis mediated renal injury in Albino rats was also effectively prevented on treatment with carnosine. Secretion of AKI-induced IL-1ß, IL-18, and TNF-α in renal tissues was alleviated significantly in Albino rats by carnosine treatment. Additionally, in carnosine-treated Albino rats renal tissues AKI induced Bax expression was alleviated while as Bcl-2 was promoted compared to AKI Albino rats. Carnosine treatment improved the survival rate of the Albino rats with AKI. Carnosine inhibits renal tissue damage and increases survival rate in AKI Albino rat model. The mechanism involves alleviation of inflammatory cytokine secretion and promotion of Bcl-2 expression. Thus, carnosine may be used as a therapeutic agent for treatment of AKI.

8.
Perfusion ; : 2676591211042568, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479456

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is currently recommended as a strategy to address the increased afterload in patients who received venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO). The benefit of VA-ECMO with IABP in postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock is inconclusive. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the influence of VA-ECMO with IABP for postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock (PCS). METHODS: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase were searched for all articles published from 1 January, 1964 to July 11, 2020. Retrospective cohort studies targeting the comparison of VA-ECMO with IABP and isolated VA-ECMO were included in this study. RESULTS: We included 2251 patients in the present study (917 patients in the VA-ECMO with IABP group and 1334 patients in the isolated VA-ECMO group). Deaths occurred in 589 of 917 patients (64.2%) in the VA-ECMO with IABP group and occurred in 885 of 1334 patients (66.3%) in isolated VA-ECMO group. Pooling the results of all studies showed that VA-ECMO with IABP was not related to a reduced in-hospital mortality in patients who received VA-ECMO for PCS (RR, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.86-1.04; p = 0.231). In addition, VA-ECMO with IABP was not related to an increased rate of VA-ECMO weaning in patients who received VA-ECMO for PCS (RR, 1.28; 95% CI, 0.99-1.66; p = 0.058). CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that VA-ECMO with IABP did not improve either in-hospital survival or weaning for VA-ECMO in postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock patients.

9.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 12(9)2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577742

RESUMO

The assessment of glutathione (GSH) levels is associated with early diagnostics and pathological analysis for various disorders. Among all kinds of techniques for detecting GSH, the colorimetric assay relying on the oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) catalyzed by many nanomaterials with peroxidase-like activity attracts increasing attention owing to its outstanding merits, such as high sensitivity and high selectivity. However, the aggregation between the nanomaterials severely hinders the entrance of TMB into the "active site" of these peroxidase mimics. To address this problem, the D-amino acid incorporated nanoflowers possessing peroxidase-like activity with a diameter of 10-15 µm, TMB and H2O2 were employed to establish the detection system for determining the level of glutathione. The larger diameter size of the hybrid nanoflowers substantially averts the aggregation between them. The results confirm that the hybrid nanoflowers detection system presents a low limit of detection, wide linear range, perfect selectivity, good storage stability and desired operational stability for the detection of GSH relying on the intrinsic peroxidase-like activity and favorable mechanical stability of the hybrid nanoflowers, indicating that the hybrid nanoflowers detection system has tremendous application potential in clinical diagnosis and treatment.

10.
J Bioenerg Biomembr ; 53(6): 693-701, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468904

RESUMO

The poor outcomes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) necessitate new treatments. In this work, we identified that anisomycin is a potential selective anti-AML candidate, particularly for those with FLT3-ITD mutation. We found that anisomycin potently inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in multiple AML cell lines. Anisomycin was effective in targeting progenitor cells isolated from all tested pediatric AML patients, while sparing normal counterparts. Using AML xenograft mouse models, anisomycin exhibited inhibitory effect on tumor growth throughout the whole duration without causing toxicity in mice. The combination of anisomycin with standard of care drugs is synergistic and selective in AML cell culture system and mouse model. In addition, FLT3-ITD cells were more sensitive to anisomycin than FLT3 WT cells. Mechanistic studies revealed that anisomycin acted on AML in a p38-independent manner. We found that anisomycin decreased mitochondrial respiration by disrupting complex I activity, leading to intracellular oxidative stress. AML ρ0 cells that lack of mitochondrial respiration exhibited resistance to anisomycin. Finally, we showed that mitochondrial biogenesis contributes to differential sensitivity of FLT3-ITD and FLT3 WT cells to anisomycin. Our work is the first to systematically demonstrate that anisomycin is a useful addition to the treatment armamentarium for AML. Our findings highlight the therapeutic value of mitochondrial respiration inhibition in AML patients harboring FLT3-ITD mutation.

11.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18542, 2021 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535700

RESUMO

The enzymatic activities and ratios are critical indicators for organic matter decomposition and provide potentially positive feedback to carbon (C) loss under global warming. For agricultural soils under climate change, the effect of long-term warming on the activities of oxidases and hydrolases targeting C, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) and their ratios is unclear, as well as whether and to what extend the response is modulated by long-term fertilization. A 9-year field experiment in the North China Plain, including an untreated control, warming, N fertilization, and combined (WN) treatment plots, compared the factorial effect of warming and fertilization. Long-term warming interacted with fertilization to stimulate the highest activities of C, N, and P hydrolases. Activities of C and P hydrolase increased from 8 to 69% by N fertilization, 9 to 53% by warming, and 28 to 130% by WN treatment compared to control, whereas the activities of oxidase increased from 4 to 16% in the WN soils. Both the warming and the WN treatments significantly increased the enzymatic C:N ratio from 0.06 to 0.16 and the vector length from 0.04 to 0.12 compared to the control soil, indicating higher energy and resource limitation for the soil microorganisms. Compared to WN, the warming induced similar ratio of oxidase to C hydrolase, showing a comparable ability of different microbial communities to utilize lignin substrates. The relationship analyses showed mineralization of organic N to mediate the decomposition of lignin and enzyme ratio in the long-term warming soil, while N and P hydrolases cooperatively benefited to induce more oxidase productions in the soil subject to both warming and N fertilization. We conclude that coupled resource limitations induced microbial acclimation to long-term warming in the agricultural soils experiencing high N fertilizer inputs.

12.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 150(1): 225, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340515

RESUMO

The sound-transmission, beam-formation, and sound-reception processes of a short-finned pilot whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus) were investigated using computed tomography (CT) scanning and numerical simulation. The results showed that sound propagations in the forehead were modulated by the upper jaw, air components, and soft tissues, which attributed to the beam formation in the external acoustic field. These structures owned different acoustic impedance and formed a multiphasic sound transmission system that can modulate sounds into a beam. The reception pathways composed of the solid mandible and acoustic fats in the lower head conducted sounds into the tympano-periotic complex. In the simulations, sounds were emitted in the forehead transmission system and propagated into water to interrogate a steel cylinder. The resulting echoes can be interpreted from multiple perspectives, including amplitude, waveform, and spectrum, to obtain the acoustic cues of the steel cylinder. By taking the short-finned pilot whale as an example, this study provides meaningful information to further deepen our understanding of biosonar system operations, and may expand sound-reception theory in odontocetes.


Assuntos
Baleia Comum , Baleias Piloto , Acústica , Animais , Som , Espectrografia do Som
13.
Nano Lett ; 21(16): 6792-6799, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398615

RESUMO

Lasing signals with easily distinguishable readout and cavity-geometry-dependent output are emerging as novel cryptographic primitives for two-dimensional (2D) optical encryption, while their practical application is restricted by the challenge of integrating different lasing elements onto an identical 2D pattern. Herein, a lithographic template-confined crystallization approach was proposed to prepare large-scale perovskite microstructures with any desired geometries and locations, which enabled them to serve as 2D lasing patterns for reliable encryption and authentication. These prepatterned perovskite microstructures realized whispering-gallery-mode lasing and also demonstrated outstanding reproducibility of lasing actions. Benefiting from the feature of their cavity-geometry-dependent lasing thresholds, we achieved controllable laser output from different shaped elements, which was further utilized for the proof-of-concept demonstration of a cryptographic implementation. The remarkable lasing performance and feasible preparation of 2D microlaser patterns with customized geometries and locations provide us deep insights into the concepts and fabrication technologies for 2D optical encryption.

14.
Sci Adv ; 7(31)2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330710

RESUMO

Flexible photonics is rapidly emerging as a promising platform for artificial smart skins to imitate or extend the capabilities of human skins. Organic material systems provide a promising avenue to directly fabricate large-scale flexible device units; however, the versatile fabrication of all-organic integrated devices with desired photonic functionalities remains a great challenge. Here, we develop an effective technique for the mass processing of organic microlaser arrays, which act as sensing units, on the chip of photonic skins. With a bilayer electron-beam direct writing method, we fabricated flexible mechanical sensor networks composed of coupled-cavity single-mode laser sources on pliable polymer substrates. These microlaser-based mechanical sensor chips were subsequently used to recognize hand gestures, showing great potential for artificial skin applications. This work represents a substantial advance toward scalable construction of high-performance and low-cost flexible photonic chips, thus paving the way for the implementation of smart photonic skins into practical applications.

15.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(13)2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202633

RESUMO

Micro/nano- BN co-doped epoxy composites were prepared and their thermal conductivity, breakdown strength at power frequency and voltage endurance time under high frequency bipolar square wave voltage were investigated. The thermal conductivity and breakdown performance were enhanced simultaneously in the composite with a loading concentration of 20 wt% BN at a micro/nano proportion of 95/5. The breakdown strength of 132 kV/mm at power frequency, the thermal conductivity of 0.81 W·m-1·K-1 and voltage endurance time of 166 s were obtained in the composites, which were approximately 28%, 286% and 349% higher than that of pristine epoxy resin. It is proposed that thermal conductive pathways are mainly constructed by micro-BN, leading to improved thermal conductivity and voltage endurance time. A model was introduced to illustrate the enhancement of the breakdown strength. The epoxy composites with high thermal conductivity and excellent breakdown performance could be feasible for insulating materials in high-frequency devices.

16.
Cancer Med ; 10(15): 5246-5255, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34121352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies highlight the regulatory role of arachidonate lipoxygenase5 (Alox5) and its metabolite 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE) in cancer tumorigenesis and progression. In this study, we analyzed the expression, biological function and the downstream signaling of Alox5 in gastric cancer. METHODS: Alox5 protein levels were measured using IHC and ELISA. Growth, migration and survival assays were performed. Phosphorylation of molecules involved in growth and survival signaling were analyzed by WB. Analysis of variance and t-test were used for statistic analysis. RESULTS: Alox5 and 5-HETE levels were upregulated in gastric cancer patients. ALOX5 overexpression or 5-HETE addition activates gastric cancer cells and reduces chemotherapy's efficacy. In contrast, ALOX5 inhibition via genetic and pharmacological approaches suppresses gastric cancer cells and enhances chemotherapy's efficacy. In addition, Alox5 inhibition led to suppression of ERK-mediated signaling pathways whereas ALOX5-5-HETE activates ERK-mediated signaling in gastric cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our work demonstrates the critical role of ALOX5-5-HETE in gastric cancer and provides pre-clinical evidence to initialize clinical trial using zileuton in combination with chemotherapy for treating gastric cancer.

17.
iScience ; 24(5): 102458, 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34113816

RESUMO

The chemical reactions involving excited-state radical pairs (RPs) of parallel/anti-parallel spin configurations are sensitive to magnetic field, leading to the possibilities of magnetically controlled synthesis of chemical compounds. Here we show that the reaction of anthraquinone (AQ) in sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micellar solution under UV excitation is significantly influenced by applying external field. The steady state and time-resolved spectroscopies reveal that the reaction intermediate (pairs of AQH-SDS radicals) can undergo two distinct pathways depending on whether it is spin singlet or triplet, and the field is beneficial to the conversion between spin configurations of RPs. The applied field not only affects the reaction rate constant but also changes the final products. Besides, the aggregation of AQ molecules would change the population of singlets and triplets and thus enhance magnetic field effect. This work represents a promising way of controlling chemical reaction and improving reaction selectivity via magnetic field methods.

18.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3265, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075038

RESUMO

Exciton-polariton Bose-Einstein condensation (EP BEC) is of crucial importance for the development of coherent light sources and optical logic elements, as it creates a new state of matter with coherent nature and nonlinear behaviors. The demand for room temperature EP BEC has driven the development of organic polaritons because of the large binding energies of Frenkel excitons in organic materials. However, the reliance on external high-finesse microcavities for organic EP BEC results in poor compactness and integrability of devices, which restricts their practical applications in on-chip integration. Here, we demonstrate room temperature EP BEC in organic single-crystal microribbon natural cavities. The regularly shaped microribbons serve as waveguide Fabry-Pérot microcavities, in which efficient strong coupling between Frenkel excitons and photons leads to the generation of EPs at room temperature. The large exciton-photon coupling strength due to high exciton densities facilitates the achievement of EP BEC. Taking advantages of interactions in EP condensates and dimension confinement effects, we demonstrate the realization of controllable output of coherent light from the microribbons. We hope that the results will provide a useful enlightenment for using organic single crystals to construct miniaturized polaritonic devices.

19.
J Int Med Res ; 49(5): 3000605211016379, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024170

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the role of sex hormones in postmenopausal women with vestibular migraine. METHODS: This observational study included 242 female patients with vestibular migraine who were postmenopausal during April 2017 to December 2019. Serum levels of sex hormones, including estradiol, progesterone, testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and prolactin, were determined by radioimmunoassay. The duration and frequency (every month) of onset of vestibular migraine were recorded. The degree of vestibular migraine was measured by the visual analogue scale. RESULTS: Serum levels of estradiol, progesterone, and testosterone were significantly lower, while serum prolactin levels were significantly higher in postmenopausal patients with vestibular migraine compared with healthy controls. Serum estradiol levels were negatively correlated with the duration, frequency, and severity of onset of vestibular migraine. Patients with higher serum estradiol levels showed a longer disease-free survival time. CONCLUSION: Sex hormones are correlated with vestibular migraine in postmenopausal women. Additionally, estradiol levels are correlated with the duration, frequency, and severity of onset of vestibular migraine, as well as the disease-free survival time.


Assuntos
Estradiol , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais , Humanos , Hormônio Luteinizante , Pós-Menopausa , Progesterona , Prolactina , Testosterona
20.
Front Immunol ; 12: 651033, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34054812

RESUMO

Background: Gastric cancer (GC) still represents the third leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Peritoneal relapse (PR) is the most frequent metastasis occurring among patients with advanced gastric cancer. Increasingly more evidence have clarified the tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) may predict survival and have clinical significance in GC. However, tumor-transcriptomics based immune signatures derived from immune profiling have not been established for predicting the peritoneal recurrence of the advanced GC. Methods: In this study, we depict the immune landscape of GC by using transcriptome profiling and clinical characteristics retrieved from GSE62254 of Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Immune cell infiltration score was evaluated via single-sample gene set enrichment (ssGSEA) analysis algorithm. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression algorithm was used to select the valuable immune cells and construct the final model for the prediction of PR. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the Kaplan-Meier curve were used to check the accuracy of PRIs. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis were performed to explore the molecular pathways associated with PRIs. Results: A peritoneal recurrence related immune score (PRIs) with 10 immune cells was constructed. Compared to the low-PRIs group, the high-PRIs group had a greater risk. The upregulation of the focal adhesion signaling was observed in the high-PRIs subtype by GSEA and KEGG. Multivariate analysis found that both in the internal training cohort and the internal validation cohort, PRIs was a stable and independent predictor for PR. A nomogram that integrated clinicopathological features and PRIs to predict peritoneal relapse was constructed. Subgroup analysis indicated that the PRIs could obviously distinguish peritoneal recurrence in different molecular subtypes, pathological stages and Lauren subtypes, in which PRIs of Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transitions (EMT) subtype, III-IV stage and diffuse subtype are higher respectively. Conclusion: Overall, we performed a comprehensive evaluation of the immune landscape of GC and constructed a predictive PR model based on the immune cell infiltration. The PRIs represents novel promising feature of predicting peritoneal recurrence of GC and sheds light on the improvement of the personalized management of GC patients after surgery.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/epidemiologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/imunologia , Carcinoma/secundário , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gastrectomia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nomogramas , Neoplasias Peritoneais/genética , Neoplasias Peritoneais/imunologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Estômago/imunologia , Estômago/patologia , Estômago/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Adulto Jovem
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