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1.
Oncogene ; 40(17): 3152-3163, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824471

RESUMO

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is an age-dependent blood malignancy. Like many other age-dependent human diseases, laboratory animal research of CML uses young mice that do not factor in the influence of aging. To understand how aging may impact animal modeling of human age-dependent diseases, we established the first aging mouse model of human CML in BALB/c mice in the advanced age defined by 75% survival. This model was developed by noncytotoxic depletion of bone marrow lineage-positive cells followed by BCR-ABL retroviral transduction and transplantation. CML developed in aging mice shared many similarities to that in young mice, but had increased incidence of anemia that is often seen in human CML. Importantly, we showed that aging of both donor hematopoietic stem cells and recipient bone marrow niche impacted BCR-ABL mediated leukemogenesis and leukemia spectrum. Optimal CML induction relied on age-matching for donors and recipients, and cross-transplantation between young and old mice produced a mixture of different leukemia. Therefore, our model provides initial evidence of the feasibility and merit of CML modeling in aging mice and offers a new tool for future studies of CML stem cell drug resistance and therapeutic intervention in which aging would be taken into consideration as an influencing factor.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677754

RESUMO

This study aims to compare clinical characteristics and severity between adults with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV-p) and influenza-related pneumonia (Flu-p). A total of 127 patients with RSV-p, 693 patients with influenza A-related pneumonia (FluA-p), and 386 patients with influenza B-related pneumonia (FluB-p) were retrospectively reviewed from 2013 through 2019 in five teaching hospitals in China. A multivariate logistic regression model indicated that age ≥ 50 years, cerebrovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, solid malignant tumor, nasal congestion, myalgia, sputum production, respiratory rates ≥ 30 beats/min, lymphocytes < 0.8×109/L, and blood albumin < 35 g/L were predictors that differentiated RSV-p from Flu-p. After adjusting for confounders, a multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed that, relative to RSV-p, FluA-p (OR 2.313, 95% CI 1.377-3.885, p = 0.002) incurred an increased risk for severe outcomes, including invasive ventilation, ICU admission, and 30-day mortality; FluB-p (OR 1.630, 95% CI 0.958-2.741, p = 0.071) was not associated with increased risk. Some clinical variables were useful for discriminating RSV-p from Flu-p. The severity of RSV-p was less than that of FluA-p, but was comparable to FluB-p.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33666083

RESUMO

Lithium-rich manganese-based layered oxide cathodes (LLOs) with oxygen redox reactions are considered to be potential candidates for the next generation of high-energy-density Li-ion batteries. However, the oxygen redox process that enables ultrahigh specific capacity usually leads to irreversible O2 release and cation migration, which induce structure degradation and severe capacity/voltage losses and thus limit the commercial application of LLOs. Herein, we successfully synthesized chlorine (Cl)-doped Co-free LLOs (Li1.2Mn0.53Ni0.27O1.976Cl0.024) and analyzed the effect of anion doping on oxygen redox and structure stability of LLOs. Cl doping has been proven to decrease the irreversible lattice oxygen loss to enhance the redox reversibility of oxygen and inhibit the transition-metal migration during cycles, which substantially enhances the capacity and voltage retention and improves the rate capability during cycling. This work provides new insights for the development of high-performance TM oxide cathode materials with reversible oxygen redox.

4.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33522533

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) carbon allotropes with topologically nontrivial states are drawing considerable attention owing to their unique physical properties and great potential applications in the next generation of micro-nano devices. In contrast to the numerous Dirac points predicted in 2D carbon allotropes, systems featuring Dirac nodal lines (loops) are still quite rare. Here, by means of first-principles calculation, we report our newly discovered carbon monolayer 123-E8Y24-1 with robust Dirac nodal line states, which possesses a tetragonal lattice with P4/mmm symmetry and contains 8 sp2 carbon atoms (graphene: E8) and 24 sp carbon atoms (grapheyne: Y24) in the crystalline cell. This 2D material is as energetically stable as the recently experimentally synthesized ß-graphdiyne, and it is further predicted to be dynamically, mechanically, and also thermodynamically stable. Owing to its intrinsic geometric characteristics, 123-E8Y24-1 also exhibits obvious Young's modulus anisotropy, with a sizable ratio between the maximum and minimum value of up to 5.8. Remarkably, 123-E8Y24-1 presents a semimetal nature and possesses Dirac nodal line states in the electronic band structure, and such behavior could be kept well under external strain between -10.0% and 8.0%. The electronic properties of 123-E8Y24-1 can be carefully confirmed by constructing a tight-binding (TB) model. The findings presented in this paper reveal a novel 2D Dirac nodal loop carbon sheet, providing a new candidate for carbon-based high-speed electronic devices.

5.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 1120672121996641, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the biomechanical changes of porcine corneas after the application of hydrogen peroxide(H2O2) solution. METHODS: Fifty-five porcine eyeballs with similar sizes were divided into 11 groups based on the H2O2 application. The eyeballs were treated with the following concentrations of H2O2 solution: 1 mol/L, 500 mmol/L, 250 mmol/L, 125 mmol/L, 62.5 mmol/L, 31.25 mmol/L, 15.63 mmol/L, 7.81 mmol/L, 3.91 mmol/L, 0.9% saline, or blank. The eyeballs were immersed into the solution for 30 min. The biomechanics of each cornea in the different groups was determined soon after the indentation and tensile tests. We calculated the average Young's modulus of the different groups to determine the effects of H2O2 solution on porcine corneas. The comparison between the groups was conducted using ANOVA analysis. Moreover, the safety of each concentration of H2O2 solution on the corneal tissues was determined by histopathological examination. RESULTS: The Young's modulus was significantly different among all the groups (p = 0.003). The modulus was the highest in the group treated with 3.91 mmol/L H2O2 and it was significantly different from that in the group treated with 0.9% saline or the blank group, for both the indentation and tensile tests. Histopathological examination showed that H2O2 at a concentration of ⩾62.5 mmol/L damaged the epithelium, stroma, or both, while H2O2 at a concentration ⩽31.25 mmol/L did not change the morphology of the epithelium or stroma. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with 3.91 mmol/L H2O2 solution can safely and effectively increase the biomechanical strength of the cornea.

6.
Mol Ther ; 2021 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571679

RESUMO

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is reported to involve in the crosstalk between tumor cells and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). Exosomes are considered as important mediators of orchestrating intercellular communication. However, the underlying mechanisms by which EMT-colorectal cancer (CRC) cells promote the M2 polarization of TAMs remain less understood. In this study, we found that EMT-CRC cells promoted the M2-like polarization of macrophages by directly transferring exosomes to macrophages, leading to a significant increase of the microRNA-106b-5p (miR-106b) level in macrophages. Mechanically, an increased level of miR-106b activated the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)γ/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling cascade by directly suppressing programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) in a post-transcription level, contributing to the M2 polarization of macrophages. Activated M2 macrophages, in a positive-feedback manner, promote EMT-mediated migration, invasion, and metastasis of CRC cells. Clinically, miR-106b was significantly elevated in CRC tissues and negatively correlated with the levels of PDCD4 in CRC specimens, and high expression of exosomal miR-106b in plasma was significantly associated with the malignant progression of CRC. Taken together, our results indicate that exosomal miR-106b derived from EMT-CRC cells has an important role in intercellular communication for inducing M2 macrophage polarization, illuminating a novel mechanism underlying CRC progression and offering potential targets for prevention of CRC metastasis.

7.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1764, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33469070

RESUMO

Maize is China's largest grain crop. Mechanical grain harvesting is the key technology in maize production, and the kernel moisture concentration (KMC) is the main controlling factor in mechanical maize harvesting in China. The kernel dehydration rate (KDR) is closely related to the KMC. Thus, it is important to conduct genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of the KMC and KDR in maize, detect relevant quantitative trait nucleotides (QTNs), and mine relevant candidate genes. Here, 132 maize inbred lines were used to measure the KMC every 5 days from 10 to 40 days after pollination (DAP) in order to calculate the KDR. These lines were genotyped using a maize 55K single-nucleotide polymorphism array. QTNs for the KMC and KDR were detected based on five methods (mrMLM, FASTmrMLM, FASTmrEMMA, pLARmEB, and ISIS EM-BLASSO) in the package mrMLM. A total of 334 significant QTNs were found for both the KMC and KDR, including 175 QTNs unique to the KMC and 178 QTNs unique to the KDR; 116 and 58 QTNs were detected among the 334 QTNs by two and more than two methods, respectively; and 9 and 5 QTNs among 58 QTNs were detected in 2 and 3 years, respectively. A significant enrichment in cellular component was revealed by Gene Ontology enrichment analysis of candidate genes in the intervals adjacent to the 14 QTNs and this category contained five genes. The information provided in this study may be useful for further mining of genes associated with the KMC and KDR in maize.

8.
J Mol Histol ; 52(2): 245-256, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33394293

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has been demonstrated as vital regulator in human cancer. However, the precise role of lnc-TDRG1 in cervical cancer (CC) remains unclear, so this study was aimed to clarify the role and underlying molecular mechanism of lnc-TDRG1 in CC. The real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was conducted to assess the expression levels of lnc-TDRG1, miR-214-5p and Semaphorin 4C (SEMA4C). Under hypoxia condition, the biological behaviors of CC cell, including invasion and glycolysis were determined by transwell assay and Glucose Assay Kit and Lactate Assay Kit, respectively. The Western blot assay was employed to test the expression level of SEMA4C and hexokinase 2 (HK2) expression. The interaction relationship between miR-214-5p and lnc-TDRG1 or SEMA4C was analyzed bioinformatics database and confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay, respectively. A xenograft experiment in nude mice was established to clarify the functional role of lnc-TDRG1 in vivo. We found Lnc-TDRG1 was highly expressed in CC tissues and cells and it was upregulated in response to hypoxia. Loss-of-functional experiment suggested that knockdown of lnc-TDRG1 impede invasion, hypoxia-induced glycolysis in vitro and tumor growth in vivo, which was abolished by knockdown of miR-214-5p or overexpression of SEMA4C. Moreover, we confirmed that miR-214-5p specifically bound to SEMA4C and negatively correlated with SEMA4C expression. Collectively, lnc-TDRG1 regulated SEMA4C expression by sponging miR-214-5p in CC. Collectively, mechanistically, lnc-TDRG1 could act as a sponge of miR-214-5p to regulate the expression of SEMA4C, and further regulate invasion and hypoxia-glycolysis in CC cells.

9.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 732-738, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33405929

RESUMO

The previously predicted phagraphene [Wang et al., Nano Lett. 15, 6182 (2015)] and a recently proposed TPH-graphene have been synthesized from fusion of 2,6-polyazulene chain (5-7 chain) in a recent experiment [Fan et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 141, 17713 (2019)]. Theoretically, phagraphene and TPH-graphene can be considered as the combinations of the 5-7 chains with distinct 6-6-6 and 4-7-7 interfacial stacking manners, respectively. In this work, we propose another new graphene allotrope, named as penta-hex-hepta-graphene (PHH-graphene), which can be constructed by coupling the synthesized 5-7 chains with a new type of 5-7-6 stacking interface. It is found that the PHH-graphene is dynamically and thermally stable, and especially notable, the total energy of PHH-graphene is lower than that of synthesized TPH-graphene. Thus, it is highly possible that PHH-graphene can be realized through assembly of 5-7 chains. We have systematically investigated the electronic properties of these three graphene allotropes and their nanoribbons. The results show that PHH-graphene is a type-I semimetal with a highly anisotropic Dirac cone similar to phagraphene, while TPH-graphene is a metal. Their nanoribbons exhibit different electronic band structures as the number (n) of 5-7 chains increases. For TPH-graphene nanoribbons, they become metal rapidly as n ≥ 2. The nanoribbons of the semimetallic phagraphene and PHH-graphene are narrow band gap semiconductors with gaps decreasing as n increases, which are similar to the graphene nanoribbons. We also find that the band gaps of PHH-graphene nanoribbons exhibit two distinct families with n = 2i and n = 2i + 1, which can be understood by the width-dependent symmetries of the system.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(52): e23800, 2020 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350766

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Since December 2019, an outbreak of COVID-19 sweeping the world. Understanding the clinical and SARS-CoV-2 dynamic changes of mild and ordinary patients of COVID-19, so as to provide basis for the prevention and control of COVID-19.On February 1st, 2020, 16 SARS-CoV-2 RNA positive patients diagnosed in the same site in Beijing. The patients symptoms, signs, medication, and SARS-CoV-2 results were recorded.Of the 16 patients, 12 were female. Although they were infected at the same time in the same workplace, their clinical processes were very different and can be roughly divided into three different types: persistent sputum positive, persistent stool positive and persistent both positive. In 7 patients with mild clinical manifestations, the median days of SARS-CoV-2 RNA negative conversion in sputum samples were significantly later than those with obvious lung injury (27 days [range: 18 to 36]; 17 days, [range 6 to 25], P = .021). The negative conversion of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in stool was significant later than in sputum.There were various clinical manifestations after SARS-CoV-2 infection, even if they were infected by the same source of infection in the same place. The presence of SARS-CoV-2 virus RNA in stool samples was longer than that in respiratory tract.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Exposição Ocupacional , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Local de Trabalho , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Fezes/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , RNA Viral/análise , Escarro/virologia
12.
Infect Drug Resist ; 13: 3513-3523, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116670

RESUMO

Purpose: Respiratory viruses are important etiologies of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). However, the impact of different RVs on the outcomes of CAP is not well elucidated. This study aims to compare the clinical features and severity of influenza (Flu-p) and non-influenza respiratory viruses-related pneumonia (NIRVs-p) onset in the community among immunocompetent adults. Methods: The data of the patients hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed RVs-p were retrospectively reviewed from five teaching hospitals in China from January 2013 to May 2019. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were performed to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes between Flu-p and NIRVs-p. Results: A total of 1079 patients with Flu-p and 341 patients with NIRVs-p were included in this study. A multivariate logistic regression model revealed chronic pulmonary disease [odd ratio (OR) 0.341, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.225-0.515, p < 0.001], solid malignant tumor (OR 0.330, 95% CI 0.163-0.668, p = 0.002), myalgia (OR 1.697, 95% CI 1.236-2.330, p < 0.001), lymphocytes <0.8×109/L (OR 10.811, 95% CI 6.949-16.818, p < 0.001) and blood albumin <35 g/L (OR 0.327, 95% CI 0.242-0.442, p < 0.001) were predictors for Flu-p. After adjusting for confounders, the multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed that influenza B-related pneumonia (FluB-p) (OR 0.419, 95% CI 0.272-0.646, p < 0.001) and NIRVs-p (OR 0.260, 95% CI 0.158-0.467, p < 0.001) were associated with a decreased risk of 30-day mortality compared with the influenza A-related pneumonia (FluA-p). Conclusion: Our results showed that patients with FluA-p experience a more severe disease than those with FluB-p and NIRVs-p. Some clinical features are helpful to distinguish between NIRVs-p and Flu-p.

13.
Ther Adv Respir Dis ; 14: 1753466620953780, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Respiratory viruses are important etiologies of community-acquired pneumonia. However, current knowledge on the prognosis of respiratory virus-related pneumonia (RV-p) is limited. Thus, here we aimed to establish a clinical predictive model for mortality of patients with RV-p. METHODS: A total of 1431 laboratory-confirmed patients with RV-p, including 1169 and 262 patients from respective derivation and validation cohorts from five teaching hospitals in China were assessed between January 2010 and December 2019. A prediction rule was established on the basis of risk factors for 30-day mortality of patients with RV-p from the derivation cohort using a multivariate logistic regression model. RESULTS: The 30-day mortality of patients with RV-p was 16.8% (241/1431). The RV-p score was composed of nine predictors (including respective points of mortality risk): (a) age ⩾65 years (1 point); (b) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (1 point); (c) mental confusion (1 point); (d) blood urea nitrogen (1 point); (e) cardiovascular disease (2 points); (f) smoking history (2 points); (g) arterial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspiration oxygen (PaO2/FiO2) < 250 mmHg (2 points); (h) lymphocyte counts <0.8 × 109/L (2 points); (i) arterial PH < 7.35 (3 points). A total of six points was used as the cut-off value for mortality risk stratification. Our model showed a sensitivity of 0.831 and a specificity of 0.783. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was more prominent for RV-p scoring [0.867, 95% confidence interval (CI)0.846-0.886] when compared with both pneumonia severity index risk (0.595, 95% CI 0.566-0.624, p < 0.001) and CURB-65 scoring (0.739, 95% CI 0.713-0.765, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: RV-p scoring was able to provide a good predictive accuracy for 30-day mortality, which accounted for a more effective stratification of patients with RV-p into relevant risk categories and, consequently, help physicians to make more rational clinical decisions.The reviews of this paper are available via the supplemental material section.

14.
BMC Pulm Med ; 20(1): 239, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing cases of pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in immunocompetent patients with severe influenza have been reported. Howevere, the risk factors for occurence and death are largely unknown. METHODS: Data of hospitalised patients with influenza A-related pneumonia (FluA-p) obtained from five teaching hospitals from 2031 to 2018, were reviewed. Univariate and multivariate logistical regression analyses were performed to determine the risk factors involved in the acquisition and 60-day mortality in IPA patients. RESULTS: Of the 693 FluA-p patients included in the study, 3.0% (21/693) were IPA patients with a 60-day mortality of 42.9% (9/21). Adjusted for confounders, a Cox proportional hazard model showed that IPA was associated with increased risk for 60-day mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 4.336, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.191-15.784, p = 0.026] in FluA-p patients. A multivariate logistic regression model confirmed that age (odd ratio (OR) 1.147, 95% CI 1.048-1.225, p = 0.003), systemic corticosteroids use before IPA diagnosis (OR 33.773, 95% CI 5.681-76.764, p <  0.001), leukocytes > 10 × 109/L (OR 1.988, 95% CI 1.028-6.454, p = 0.029) and lymphocytes < 0.8 × 109/L on admission (OR 34.813, 95% CI 1.676-73.006, p = 0.022), were related with the acquisition of IPA. Early neuraminidase inhibitor use (OR 0.290, 95% CI 0.002-0.584, p = 0.021) was associated with a decreased risk for a 60-day mortality in IPA patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that IPA worsen the clinical outcomes of FluA-p patients. The risk factors for the acquisition and death were helpful for the clinicians in preventing and treating IPA.


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Vírus da Influenza A , Influenza Humana/complicações , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Imunocompetência , Influenza Humana/mortalidade , Aspergilose Pulmonar Invasiva/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
15.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 668, 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The study was to evaluate initial antimicrobial regimen and clinical outcomes and to explore risk factors for clinical failure (CF) in elderly patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: 3011 hospitalized elderly patients were enrolled from 13 national teaching hospitals between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014 initiated by the CAP-China network. Risk factors for CF were screened by multivariable logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The incidence of CF in elderly CAP patients was 13.1%. CF patients were older, longer hospital stays and higher treatment costs than clinical success (CS) patients. The CF patients were more prone to present hyperglycemia, hyponatremia, hypoproteinemia, pleural effusion, respiratory failure and cardiovascular events. Inappropriate initial antimicrobial regimens in CF group were significantly higher than CS group. Undertreatment, CURB-65, PH < 7.3, PaO2/FiO2 < 200 mmHg, sodium < 130 mmol/L, healthcare-associated pneumonia, white blood cells > 10,000/mm3, pleural effusion and congestive heart failure were independent risk factors for CF in multivariable logistic regression analysis. Male and bronchiectasis were protective factors. CONCLUSIONS: Discordant therapy was a cause of CF. Early accurate detection and management of prevention to potential causes is likely to improve clinical outcomes in elderly patients CAP. TRIAL REGISTRATION: A Retrospective Study on Hospitalized Patients With Community-acquired Pneumonia in China (CAP-China) (RSCAP-China), NCT02489578. Registered 16 March 2015, https://register.clinicaltrials.gov/prs/app/action/SelectProtocol?sid=S0005E5S&selectaction=Edit&uid=U0000GWC&ts=2&cx=1bnotb.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Associada a Assistência à Saúde/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Associada a Assistência à Saúde/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Associada a Assistência à Saúde/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/diagnóstico , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitais de Ensino/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Falha de Tratamento
16.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids ; 1865(10): 158779, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739616

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis (AS) is a chronic disease of the arterial wall where both innate and adaptive immunoinflammatory mechanisms are involved. Inflammation plays an important role in the pathological process of atherosclerosis at various stages. Yes-associated protein (YAP) and transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ, also known as WWTR1) behave as a novel drug target against atherosclerosis. Therefore, the mechanism relationship of YAP/TAZ, inflammation and AS was explored in this study. Experiments demonstrated that serine dephosphorylation and nuclear translocation of YAP was increased in ECs and pericytes induced by oxidative low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL), while the inhibition of YAP degraded the expression of downstream inflammatory factors. The expression of YAP/TAZ and inflammation proteins (JNK, NF-κB and TNF-α) in ECs and pericytes was suppressed through the application of Sal-B. Besides, Sal-B protects ECs and pericytes from oxidative stress and apoptosis. In vivo, Sal-B reduced en face and aortic root sinus lesions size, and decreased the expression of inflammation related factors (IL-6, IL-1ß, TNF-α) and ox-LDL in serum sample of ApoE-/- mice fed a high fat diet. Therefore, our work provides a potential therapeutic strategy of using Sal-B to attenuate the development of atherosclerosis, the anti-atherosclerosis effects of Sal-B is related to regulate YAP/TAZ/JNK signaling pathway.

17.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 13114, 2020 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32753586

RESUMO

Kernel water content (KWC) and kernel dehydration rate (KDR) are two main factors affecting maize seed quality and have a decisive influence on the mechanical harvest. It is of great importance to map and mine candidate genes related to KWCs and KDRs before physiological maturity in maize. 120 double-haploid (DH) lines constructed from Si287 with low KWC and JiA512 with high KWC were used as the mapping population. KWCs were measured every 5 days from 10 to 40 days after pollination, and KDRs were calculated. A total of 1702 SNP markers were used to construct a linkage map, with a total length of 1,309.02 cM and an average map distance of 0.77 cM. 10 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and 27 quantitative trait nucleotides (QTNs) were detected by genome-wide composite interval mapping (GCIM) and multi-locus random-SNP-effect mixed linear model (mrMLM), respectively. One and two QTL hotspot regions were found on Chromosome 3 and 7, respectively. Analysis of the Gene Ontology showed that 2 GO terms of biological processes (BP) were significantly enriched (P ≤ 0.05) and 6 candidate genes were obtained. This study provides theoretical support for marker-assisted breeding of mechanical harvest variety in maize.

19.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 628, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Guidelines emphasize prompt antiviral treatment in severe influenza patients. Although nearly a 50% of severe influenza present with pneumonia, the effect of early (≤ 2 days after illness onset) neuraminidase inhibitor (NAI) use on the clinical outcomes of influenza A-related pneumonia (FluA-p) has rarely been assessed. Furthermore, data about the administration of NAIs in the real-world management of Flu-p in China are limited. METHODS: Data of patients hospitalised with FluA-p from five teaching hospitals in China from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2018 were reviewed retrospectively. The impact of early NAI therapy on the outcomes in FluA-p patients, and the indications of early NAI administration by clinicians were evaluated by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: In total, 693 FluA-p patients were included. Of these patients, 33.5% (232/693) were treated early. After adjusting for weighted propensity scores for treatment, systemic corticosteroid and antibiotic use, a multivariate logistic regression model showed that early NAI therapy was associated with decreased risk for invasive ventilation [odds ratio (OR) 0.511, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.312-0.835, p = 0.007) and 30-day mortality (OR 0.533, 95% CI 0.210-0.807, p < 0.001) in FluA-p patients. A multivariate logistic regression model confirmed early NAI use (OR 0.415, 95% CI 0.195-0.858, p = 0.001) was a predictor for 30-day mortality in FluA-p patients and a positive rapid influenza diagnostic test was the only indication (OR 3.586, 95% CI 1.259-10.219, p < 0.001) related to the prescription of early NAI by clinicians. CONCLUSIONS: Early NAI therapy is associated with better outcomes in FluA-p patients. Improved education and training of clinicians on the guidelines of influenza are needed.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Vírus da Influenza A/genética , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Neuraminidase/antagonistas & inibidores , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Prevenção Secundária , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A/isolamento & purificação , Influenza Humana/virologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , RNA Viral/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Respir Res ; 21(1): 109, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384935

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pneumonia severity index (PSI) and the CURB-65 (confusion, urea, respiratory rate, blood pressure, age ≥ 65 years) score have been shown to predict mortality in community-acquired pneumonia. Their ability to predict influenza-related pneumonia, however, is less well-established. METHODS: A total of 693 laboratory-confirmed FluA-p patients diagnosed between Jan 2013 and Dec 2018 and recruited from five teaching hospitals in China were included in the study. The sample included 494 patients in the derivation cohort and 199 patients in the validation cohort. The prediction rule was established based on independent risk factors for 30-day mortality in FluA-p patients from the derivation cohort. RESULTS: The 30-day mortality of FluA-p patients was 19.6% (136/693). The FluA-p score was based on a multivariate logistic regression model designed to predict mortality. Results indicated the following significant predictors (regression statistics and point contributions toward total score in parentheses): blood urea nitrogen > 7 mmol/L (OR 1.604, 95% CI 1.150-4.492, p = 0.040; 1 points), pO2/FiO2 ≤ 250 mmHg (OR 2.649, 95% CI 1.103-5.142, p = 0.022; 2 points), cardiovascular disease (OR 3.967, 95% CI 1.269-7.322, p < 0.001; 3 points), arterial PH < 7.35 (OR 3.959, 95% CI 1.393-7.332, p < 0.001; 3 points), smoking history (OR 5.176, 95% CI 2.604-11.838, p = 0.001; 4 points), lymphocytes < 0.8 × 109/L (OR 8.391, 95% CI 3.271-16.212, p < 0.001; 5 points), and early neurominidase inhibitor therapy (OR 0.567, 95% CI 0.202-0.833, p = 0.005; - 2 points). Seven points was used as the cut-off value for mortality risk stratification. The model showed a sensitivity of 0.941, a specificity of 0.762, and overall better predictive performance than the PSI risk class (AUROC = 0.908 vs 0.560, p < 0.001) and the CURB-65 score (AUROC = 0.908 vs 0.777, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that a FluA-p score was easy to derive and that it served as a reliable prediction rule for 30-day mortality in FluA-p patients. The score could also effectively stratify FluA-p patients into relevant risk categories and thereby help treatment providers to make more rational clinical decisions.

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