Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.592
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 6-16, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192453

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs about 19-22 nucleotides in length. Growing evidence has reported the significant role of miRNAs in various cancer-associated biological processes, such as proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, metabolism, invasion, metastasis, and drug resistance. However, most studies focus on the targets of some individual miRNAs; the interactive and global functions of diverse miRNAs are still unclear and the phenomenon of the gathering of miRNAs in clusters has always been ignored. On the other hand, the fact that a single miRNA may regulate many genes and that numerous mRNAs are regulated by the same miRNA also makes it imperative to further study the cooperating characteristics of miRNAs in cancer. MiR-23a-27a-24-2 is located in the human chromosome 9q22, forming three mature miRNAs: miR-23a, miR27a, and miR-24, which are expressed abnormally in many malignant tumors. This review aims to summarize the interactive functions of miRNAs in miR-23a-27a-24-2 clusters in cancer from the perspectives of the regulation network, tumor microenvironment, and targeted therapy.

2.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 394-407, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31225658

RESUMO

As the most commonly diagnosed malignant tumor in female population, the prognosis of breast cancer is affected by complex gene interaction networks. In this research weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) would be utilized to build a gene co-expression network to identify potential biomarkers for prediction the prognosis of patients with breast cancer. We downloaded GSE25065 from Gene Expression Omnibus database as the test set. GSE25055 and GSE42568 were utilized to validate findings in the research. Seven modules were established in the GSE25065 by utilizing average link hierarchical clustering. Three hub genes, RSAD2, HERC5, and CCL8 were screened out from the significant module (R 2 = 0.44), which were considerably interrelated to worse prognosis. Within test dataset GSE25065, RSAD2, and CCL8 were correlated with tumor stage, grade, and lymph node metastases, whereas HERC5 was correlated with lymph node metastases and tumor grade. In the validation dataset GSE25055 and RSAD2 expression was correlated with tumor grade, stage, and size, whereas HERC5 was related to tumor stage and tumor grade, and CCL8 was associated with tumor size and tumor grade. Multivariable survival analysis demonstrated that RSAD2, HERC5, and CCL8 were independent risk factors. In conclusion, the WGCNA analysis conducted in this study screened out novel prognostic biomarkers of breast cancer. Meanwhile, further in vivo and in vitro studies are required to make the clear molecular mechanisms.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; 295: 122298, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675521

RESUMO

Four lab-scale moving bed biofilm reactors (MBBRs) were built to treat simulated wastewater containing typical pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs). The efficiency in removing different PPCPs at different concentrations (1, 2 and 5 mg/L) and their effects on the performance of MBBRs were investigated. Results showed that the average removal efficiencies of sulfadiazine, ibuprofen and carbamazepine were 61.1 ±â€¯8.8%, 74.9 ±â€¯8.8% and 28.3 ±â€¯7.4%, respectively. Compared to the reactor without PPCPs, the total nitrogen (TN) removal efficiency of the reactors containing sulfadiazine, ibuprofen and carbamazepine declined by 21%, 30% and 42%, respectively. Based on the microbial community analysis, increasing the PPCPs concentration within a certain range (<2 mg/L) could stimulate microbial growth and increase microbial diversity yet the diversity reduced when the concentration (5 mg/L) exceeded the tolerance of microorganisms. Furthermore the presence and degradation of different PPCPs resulted in a different kind of microbial community structure in the MBBRs.

4.
Viruses ; 11(11)2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683645

RESUMO

Plant receptor-like kinases (RLKs) exert an essential function in the transduction of signals from the cell exterior to the cell interior, acting as important regulators of plant development and responses to environmental conditions. A growing body of evidence suggests that RLKs may play relevant roles in plant-virus interactions, although the details and diversity of effects and underlying mechanisms remain elusive. The C4 protein from different geminiviruses has been found to interact with RLKs in the CLAVATA 1 (CLV1) clade. However, whether C4 can interact with RLKs in other subfamilies and, if so, what the biological impact of such interactions might be, is currently unknown. In this work, we explore the interaction landscape of C4 from the geminivirus Tomato yellow leaf curl virus within the Arabidopsis RLK family. Our results show that C4 can interact with RLKs from different subfamilies including, but not restricted to, members of the CLV1 clade. Functional analyses of the interaction of C4 with two well-characterized RLKs, FLAGELLIN SENSING 2 (FLS2) and BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE 1 (BRI1), indicate that C4 might affect some, but not all, RLK-derived outputs. The results presented here offer novel insight on the interface between RLK signaling and the infection by geminiviruses, and point at C4 as a potential broad manipulator of RLK-mediated signaling.

5.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692061

RESUMO

Breast cancer is a popularly diagnosed malignant tumor. Genomic profiling studies suggest that breast cancer is a disease with heterogeneity. Chemotherapy is one of the chief means to treat breast cancer, while its responses and clinical outcomes vary largely due to the conventional clinicopathological factors and inherent chemosensitivity of breast cancer. Using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression model, our study established a multi-mRNA-based signature model and constructed a relative nomogram in predicting distant-recurrence-free survival for patients receiving surgery and following chemotherapy. We constructed a signature of eight mRNAs (IPCEF1, SYNDIG1, TIGIT, SPESP1, C2CD4A, CLCA2, RLN2, and CCL19) with the LASSO model, which was employed to separate subjects into groups with high- and low-risk scores. Obvious differences of distant-recurrence-free survival were found between these two groups. This eight-mRNA-based signature was independently associated with the prognosis and had better prognostic value than classical clinicopathologic factors according to multivariate Cox regression results. Receiver operating characteristic results demonstrated excellent performance in diagnosing 3-year distant-recurrence by the eight-mRNA signature. A nomogram that combined both the eight-mRNA-based signature and clinicopathological risk factors was constructed. Comparing with an ideal model, the nomograms worked well both in the training and validation sets. Through the results that the eight-mRNA signature effectively classified patients into low- and high-risk of distant recurrence, we concluded that this eight-mRNA-based signature played a promising predictive role in prognosis and could be clinically applied in breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy.

6.
Brain Res Bull ; 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669104

RESUMO

Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has neurotrophic activity for the survival of dopaminergic neurons, which is under active investigation for Parkinson's disease (PD) therapy. FLZ is a potential new drug for PD treatment. However, it is unclear whether neurotrophic activity contributes to the neuroprotective effects of FLZ. Here we found that FLZ markedly improved the function of dopaminergic neurons in primary mesencephalic neuron/glia cultures. Further investigation demonstrated that astroglia were required for FLZ to function as a neurotrophic regulator, as FLZ failed to show neurotrophic effects in the absence of astroglia. We clarified that GDNF was responsible for the neurotrophic effects of FLZ since FLZ selectively stimulated GDNF production, which was confirmed by the finding that the neurotrophic effect of FLZ was attenuated by GDNF-neutralizing antibody. Mechanistic study demonstrated that GDNF induction by FLZ was CREB-dependent and that PI3K/Akt was the main pathway regulating CREB activity, which was confirmed by in vivo studies. We also validated that the induction of GDNF by FLZ contributed to PD treatment in vivo. In conclusion, the present data provided evidence that FLZ had robust neurotrophic effects on dopaminergic neurons through sustained induction of GDNF in astroglia by activating the PI3K/Akt/CREB pathway.

7.
Biosci Rep ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702007

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at investigating the therapeutic effect of Salidroside on skeletal muscle atrophy in a rat model of cigarette smoking-induced COPD and its potential mechanisms. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were randomized, and treated intraperitoneally with vehicle (injectable water) or a low, medium or high dose of Salidroside, followed by exposure to cigarette smoking daily for 16 weeks. A healthy control received vehicle injection and air exposure. Their lung function, body weights and gastrocnemius (GN) weights, grip strength and cross section area (CSA) of individual muscular fibers in the GN were measured. The levels of TNF-α, IL-6, malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH) in serum and GN tissues as well as myostatin and myogenin expression in GN tissues were measured. RESULTS: In comparison with that in the healthy control, long-term cigarette smoking induced emphysema,significantly impaired lung function, reduced body and GN weights and CSA values in rats, accompanied by significantly increased levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and MDA, but decreased levels of SOD and GSH in serum and GN tissues. Furthermore, cigarette smoking significantly up-regulated myostatin expression, but down-regulated myogenin expression in GN tissues. Salidroside treatment decreased emphysema, significantly ameliorated lung function, increased antioxidant, but reduced MDA, IL-6 and TNF-α levels in serum and GN tissues of rats, accompanied by decreased myostain, but increased myogenin expression in GN tissues. CONCLUSION: Salidroside mitigates the long-term cigarette smoking-induced emphysema and skeletal muscle atrophy in rats by inhibiting oxidative stress and inflammatory responses and regulating muscle-specific transcription factor expression.

9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 112019 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682231

RESUMO

The cell surface adhesion receptor CD44 reportedly affects the development and progression of cancers. Moreover, CD44 gene rs187115 polymorphism appears to be genetic determinant of cancer susceptibility. We investigated whether CD44 rs187115 polymorphism is associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk and prognosis. We enrolled 669 CRC cases and 826 controls in this three-center case-control study in a Chinese Han population. All individuals were genotyped by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Cross-over analysis, multivariate logistic regression, Kaplan-Meier method, and Cox regression analysis were used for analysis. In this study, CD44 rs187115 polymorphism was associated with increased risk for CRC. Stratified analyses revealed that CD44 rs187115 polymorphism was correlated with increased risk for CRC in females, drinkers, smokers, and those aged ≥ 60 years. In addition, rs187115 polymorphism was significantly associated with TNM III+IV stage, lymph node metastasis and tumor size in CRC patients. Combined effects of CD44 rs187115 polymorphism (GG/AG vs. AA) and environmental factors (smoking and drinking) further increased the risk of CRC. GG genotype carriers showed poorer overall survival than AA genotype carriers. Cox regression analysis showed that drinking, CD44 rs187115 polymorphism, and TNM stage were independent prognostic factors affecting CRC. These findings show that CD44 rs187115 polymorphism may be a potential biomarker predictive of CRC susceptibility and prognosis.

10.
Environ Microbiol ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667948

RESUMO

Verticillium dahliae is a soil-borne fungus that causes vascular wilt on numerous plants worldwide. The fungus survives in the soil for up to 14 years by producing melanized microsclerotia. The protective function of melanin in abiotic stresses are well documented. Here, we found that the V. dahliae tetraspan transmembrane protein VdSho1, a homolog of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sho1, acts as an osmosensor, and is required for plant penetration and melanin biosynthesis. The deletion mutant ΔSho1 was incubated on a cellophane membrane substrate that mimics the plant epidermis, revealing that the penetration of ΔSho1 strain was reduced compared to the wild-type strain. Further, VdSho1 regulates melanin biosynthesis by a signaling mechanism requiring a kinase-kinase signaling module of Vst50-Vst11-Vst7. Strains, ΔVst50, ΔVst7 and ΔVst11 also displayed defective penetration and melanin production like the ΔSho1 strain. Defects in penetration and melanin production in ΔSho1 were restored by overexpression of Vst50, suggesting that Vst50 lies downstream of VdSho1 in the regulatory pathway governing penetration and melanin biosynthesis. Data analyses revealed that the transmembrane portion of VdSho1 was essential for both membrane penetration and melanin production. This study demonstrates that Vst50-Vst11-Vst7 module regulates VdSho1-mediated plant penetration and melanin production in V. dahliae, contributing to virulence. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

11.
Neurobiol Dis ; 134: 104630, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678404

RESUMO

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune demyelinating disease characterized by the autoimmune attack of oligodendrocytes, leading to demyelination and progressive functional deficits. CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) is recently reported to orchestrate the migration, proliferation and differentiation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs), which implies its possible involvement in the demyelinating process. Here, we used a CXCR2 antagonist, compound 2, as a tool to investigate the role of CXCR2 in demyelination and the underlying mechanism. The primary cultured oligodendrocytes and cuprizone (CPZ)-intoxicated mice were applied in the present study. The results showed that compound 2 significantly promoted OPC proliferation and differentiation. In the demyelinated lesions of CPZ-intoxicated mice, vigorous OPC proliferation and myelin repair was observed after compound 2 treatment. Subsequent investigation of the underlying mechanisms identified that upon inhibition of CXCR2, compound 2 treatment upregulated Ki67, transcription factor 2 (Olig2) and Caspr expression, activated PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling, ultimately promoted OPCs differentiation and enhanced remyelination. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that CXCR2 antagonism efficiently promoted OPC differentiation and enhanced remyelination in CPZ-intoxicated mice, supporting CXCR2 as a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of chronic demyelinating diseases such as MS.

12.
Fitoterapia ; : 104407, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705949

RESUMO

Chemical investigations of the aerial parts of Tibetan folk medicine Delphinium chrysotrichum resulted in the isolation of two new diterpenoid alkaloids, delphatisine D (1) and chrysotrichumine A (2), together with ten known diterpenoid alkaloids (3-12) and 3ß,6α-dihydroxysclareolida (13). Delphatisine D (1) is a rare atisine-type alkaloid from genus Delphinium and is the C-15 epimer of spiramine C which bears an internal carbinolamine ether linkage (N-C-O-C) between C-7 and C-20. Chrysotrichumine A (2) is a rare natural C19-diterpenoid alkaloid possessing a nitrone group between C-17 and C-19. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis. Compound 13 is a sesquiterpene first isolated from this genus. Compounds 1, 3-7 and 13 were investigated for cytotoxicity against human breast cancer cell lines of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-23, none of them presented significant activity except compound 7 which exhibited slight activity at 100 µM against MDA-MB-231, but did not reach the EC50.

13.
Curr Pharm Des ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696804

RESUMO

Bioluminescent proteins (BLPs) are widely distributed in many living organisms that act as a key role of light emission in the bioluminescence. Bioluminescence serves various functions in finding food and protecting themselves of lives of creatures. With the routinely biotechnological application of bioluminescence, it is recognized to be essential for many medical, commercial and other general technological advances. Therefore, the prediction and characterization of BLPs is significant and eager in that it could help to explore more secrets about bioluminescence and promote the development of application of bioluminescence. Since the experimental methods are money and time-consuming for BLPs identification, bioinformatics tools have played important parts for fast and accurately predicting BLPs by combining their sequences information with machine learning methods. In this review, we summarized and compared the application of machine learning methods in the prediction of BLPs from different aspects. We wish that this review will provide insights and inspirations for the researches on BLPs.

14.
J Org Chem ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702914

RESUMO

A zinc-catalyzed intermolecular alkyne-carbonyl metathesis reaction of ynamides with isatins followed by an amide to ester interconversion has been developed, which produces the indolone derivatives with a fully substituted alkene species in good to high yields. The salient features of this reaction include mild reaction conditions, inexpensive zinc catalyst, broad substrate scope, excellent regiocontrol and stereoselectivity, and amenable to gram scale.

15.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(11): 804, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645547

RESUMO

Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) have been shown to be beneficial in some pulmonary diseases, and the paracrine effect is the major mechanism underlying ADSC-based therapy. Autophagy plays a crucial role in maintaining stem cell homeostasis and survival. However, the role of autophagy in mediating ADSC paracrine effects has not been thoroughly elucidated. We examined whether ADSCs participate in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pulmonary microvascular endothelial cell (PMVEC) barrier damage in a paracrine manner and illuminated the role of autophagy in regulating ADSC paracrine effects. PMVECs and ADSCs with or without autophagy inhibition were cocultured without intercellular contact, and the microvascular barrier function was assessed after LPS treatment. ADSC paracrine function was evaluated by detecting essential growth factors for endothelial cells. For in vivo experiments, ADSCs with or without autophagy inhibition were transplanted into LPS-induced lung-injury mice, and lung injury was assessed. ADSCs significantly alleviated LPS-induced microvascular barrier injury. In addition, ADSC paracrine levels of VEGF, FGF, and EGF were induced by LPS treatment, especially in the coculture condition. Inhibiting autophagy weakened the paracrine function and the protective effects of ADSCs on microvascular barrier injury. Moreover, ADSC transplantation alleviated LPS-induced lung injury, and inhibiting autophagy markedly weakened the therapeutic effect of ADSCs on lung injury. Together, these findings show that ADSC paracrine effects play a vital protective role in LPS-induced pulmonary microvascular barrier injury. Autophagy is a positive mediating factor in the paracrine process. These results are helpful for illuminating the role and mechanism of ADSC paracrine effects and developing effective therapies in acute lung injury.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661905

RESUMO

In this paper, two-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (2D-QSAR) and principal component analysis (PCA) methods were employed to screen the main parameters affecting the genotoxicity of fluoroquinolones (FQs), and the rules affecting the genetic toxicity of FQs were investigated by combining 2D-QSAR and PCA with the sensitivity analysis method. First, four types of parameters were calculated, namely, the geometric parameters (7), electronic parameters (5), physical and chemical parameters (8), and spectral parameters (7), but the physical and chemical parameters heat of formation (HF) and critical volume (CV) were excluded after the establishment of the 2D-QSAR model. Then, after PCA, it was found that the first principal component represented the main driving factors affecting the molecular genetic toxicity of FQs. In addition, after comprehensive analysis of the factor loading of the first, second, and third principal components, seven parameters affecting the genotoxicity of the FQs were screened out, namely, total energy (TE), critical temperature (CT), and molecular weight (Mol Wt) (increased with increasing genotoxicity of the FQs) and steric parameter (MR), quadrupole moment QXX (QXX), quadrupole moment QYY (QYY), and boiling point (BP) (decreased with increasing genotoxicity of the FQs); the above key parameters were also verified by sensitivity analysis. The obtained rules could be used to determine the substitution sites and the substitution groups associated with higher genotoxicity in the process of FQ modification, and these rules agreed well with the hologram quantitative structure-activity relationship (HQSAR) model. Finally, it was also found through SPSS analysis that the parameters screened in this paper were significantly correlated with FQ derivatives' genetic toxicity.

17.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663114

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have the main role in the tumorigenesis of breast cancer. In the present study, lncRNA expression profiling was collected to identify a lncRNA expression signature from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. An eight-lncRNA signature was established to predict the survival of patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer receiving endocrine therapy. Patients were separated into a low-risk group and a high-risk group based on this signature. Patients in high-risk group have worse survival compared to those in low-risk group using Kaplan-Meier curve analysis with log-rank test. Receiver operating characteristic analysis suggested good diagnostic efficiency of the eight-lncRNA signature. When adjusting the clinical features, including age, grade, lymph node status, and tumor size, this signature was independently associated with the relapse-free survival. The prognostic value of the lncRNA prognostic model was then validated in validation sets. When validated in a cohort of patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and endocrine therapy, this signature demonstrated good performance as well. Besides, we have built a nomogram that integrated the conventional clinicopathological features and the eight-lncRNA-based signature. To sum up, our results indicated that the eight-lncRNA prognostic model was a reliable tool to group patients at high and low risk of disease relapse. This signature may have possible implication in prognostic evaluations of patients with ER-positive breast cancer receiving endocrine therapy.

18.
Environ Pollut ; 255(Pt 2): 113302, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597113

RESUMO

The intentional production and degradation of plastic debris may result in the formation of nanoplastics. Currently, the scarce information on the environmental behaviors of nanoplastics hinders accurate assessment of their potential risks. Herein, the aggregation kinetics of different surface-modified polystyrene nanoparticles in monovalent and divalent electrolytes was investigated to shed some light on the fate of nanoplastics in the aquatic environment. Three monodisperse nanoparticles including unmodified nanoparticles (PS-Bare), carboxylated nanoparticles (PS-COOH) and amino modified nanoparticles (PS-NH2), as well as one polydisperse nanoparticles that formed by laser ablation of polystyrene films (PS-Laser) were used as models to understand the effects of surface groups and morphology. Results showed that aggregation kinetics of negatively charged PS-Bare and PS-COOH obeyed the DLVO theory in NaCl and CaCl2 solutions. The presence of Suwannee river natural organic matters (SRNOM) suppressed the aggregation of PS-Bare and PS-COOH in monovalent electrolytes by steric hindrance. However, in divalent electrolytes, their stability was enhanced at low concentrations of SRNOM (below 5 mg C L-1), while became worse at high concentrations of SRNOM (above 5 mg C L-1) due to the interparticle bridging effect caused by Ca2+ and carboxyl groups of SRNOM. The cation bridging effect was also observed for PS-laser in the presence of high concentrations of divalent electrolytes and SRNOM. The adsorption of SRNOM could neutralize or even reverse surface charges of positively charged PS-NH2 at high concentrations, thus enhanced or inhibited the aggregation of PS-NH2. No synergistic effect of Ca2+ and SRNOM was observed on the aggregation of PS-NH2, probably due to the steric repulsion imparted by the surface modification. Our results highlight that surface charge and surface modification significantly influence aggregation behaviors of nanoplastics in aquatic systems.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618506

RESUMO

Organic room temperature luminescent materials present a unique phosphorescence emission with a long lifetime. However, many of these materials only emit single blue or green color in spite of external stimulation, and their color tunability is limited. Herein, we report a rational design to extend the emission color range from blue to red by controlling the doping of simple pyrene derivatives into a robust polymer matrix. The integration of these pyrene molecules into the polymer films enhances the intersystem crossing pathway, decreases the first triplet level of the system, and ensures the films show a sensitive response to excitation energy, finally yielding excitation-dependent long-life luminescent polymeric systems under ambient conditions. These materials were used to construct anti-counterfeiting patterns with multicolor interconversion, presenting a promising application potential in the field of information security.

20.
Sci Data ; 6(1): 209, 2019 10 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624267

RESUMO

Tea is the most popular non-alcoholic caffeine-containing and the oldest beverage in the world. In this study, we de novo assembled the chloroplast (cp) and mitochondrial (mt) genomes of C. sinensis var. assamica cv. Yunkang10 into a circular contig of 157,100 bp and two complete circular scaffolds (701719 bp and 177329 bp), respectively. We correspondingly annotated a total of 141 cp genes and 71 mt genes. Comparative analysis suggests repeat-rich nature of the mt genome compared to the cp genome, for example, with the characterization of 37,878 bp and 149 bp of long repeat sequences and 665 and 214 SSRs, respectively. We also detected 478 RNA-editing sites in 42 protein-coding mt genes, which are ~4.4-fold more than 54 RNA-editing sites detected in 21 protein-coding cp genes. The high-quality cp and mt genomes of C. sinensis var. assamica presented in this study will become an important resource for a range of genetic, functional, evolutionary and comparative genomic studies in tea tree and other Camellia species of the Theaceae family.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA