Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 167
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33818128

RESUMO

Nedd4-2 regulates the expression of Kir4.1, thiazide-sensitive Na-Cl-cotransporter (NCC) and epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) in aldosterone-sensitive-distal-nephron (ASDN) and Nedd4-2-deletion causes salt-sensitive hypertension. We now examine whether Nedd4-2-deletion compromises the effect of high salt (HS) on Kir4.1, NCC, ENaC and renal K+ excretion. Immunoblotting showed that HS decreased the expression of Kir4.1, Ca2+-activated-big-conductance K+-channel subunit-a (BKa), ENaCb, ENaCg, total NCC (tNCC) and phosphor-NCC (pNCC at Thr53) in Nedd4lflox/flox mice while these effects were absent in kidney-specific Nedd4-2-knockout (Ks-Nedd4-2 KO) mice. Patch-clamp experiments showed that neither HS nor low salt (LS) had effect on Kir4.1/Kir5.1 currents of the distal convoluted tubule (DCT) in Nedd4-2-deficient mice while we confirmed that HS inhibited and LS increased Kir4.1/Kir5.1 activity in Nedd4lflox/flox mice. Nedd4-2-deletion increased ENaC currents in the ASDN and this increase was more robust in the cortical-collecting-duct (CCD) than in the DCT. Also, HS-induced inhibition of ENaC currents in the ASDN was absent in Nedd4-2-deficient mice. Renal clearance experiments showed that HS intake for two-weeks increased the basal level of renal K+ excretion and caused hypokalemia in Ks-Nedd4-2-KO mice but not in Nedd4lflox/flox mice. In contrast, plasma Na+ concentrations were similar in Nedd4lflox/flox and Ks-Nedd4-2 KO mice on HS. We conclude that Nedd4-2 plays an important role in mediating inhibitory effect of HS on the Kir4.1, ENaC and NCC; and is essential for maintaining a normal renal K+ excretion and plasma K+ ranges during long-term HS.

2.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-12, 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781148

RESUMO

Purpose of the study: granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a hematopoietic growth factor existing in neutrophils, glial cells and neurons. Increasing researches discovered that G-CSF improved cell survival in neurodegenerative diseases by its anti-inflammatory effect. However, the effect of G-CSF in suppressing inflammation in Parkinson's disease (PD) remains unclear. Thus, the purpose of this study is to explored the anti-inflammatory effect of G-CSF in mouse model of PD.Materials and methods:G-CSF was administrated in the PD model induced by MPTP. Subsequently, the protein of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule 1 (Iba-1) and the inflammatory cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) in the midbrain were examined. In addition, the phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) including c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 MAPK in the midbrain were investigated.Results: Compare with the MPTP group, the protein of TH in the midbrain was increased, while theIba-1 and the inflammatory factors were decreased. In addition, the expression of phosphorylated JNK (p-JNK) in the midbrain of the MPTP + G-CSF group was decreased, while the phosphorylated ERK (p-ERK) levels were elevated.Conclusions:These findings emphasize that G-CSF inhibited the degradation of DA neurons. The protective effect is associated with the reduction of the inflammatory factors caused by the inhibition of the microglial activation. Moreover, G-CSF may decrease the inflammatory factors through the decrease of P-JNK and the increase of P-ERK.

3.
Metabolites ; 11(2)2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33672315

RESUMO

Chronic renal failure (CRF) is an irreversible deterioration of the renal functions that characterized by fluid electrolyte unbalance and metabolic-endocrine dysfunctions. Increasing evidence demonstrated that metabolic disturbances, especially dyslipidemia and profound changes in lipid and lipoprotein metabolism were involved in CRF. Identification of lipids associated with impaired kidney functions may play important roles in the understanding of biochemical mechanism and CRF treatment. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with high-definition mass spectrometry-based lipidomics was performed to identify important differential lipids in adenine-induced CRF rats and investigate the undergoing anti-fibrotic mechanism of Polyporus umbellatus (PPU) and ergone (ERG). Linear correlation analysis was performed between lipid species intensities and creatinine levels in serum. Adenine-induced rats exhibited declining kidney function and renal fibrosis. Compared with control rats, a panel of lipid species was identified in the serum of CRF rats. Our further study demonstrated that eight lipids, including leukotrienes and bile acids, presented a strong linear correlation with serum creatinine levels. In addition, receiver operating characteristics analysis showed that eight lipids exhibited excellent area under the curve for differentiating CRF from control rats, with high sensitivity and specificity. The aberrant changes of clinical biochemistry data and dysregulation of eight lipids could be significantly improved by the administration of PPU and ergone. In conclusion, CRF might be associated with the disturbance of leukotriene metabolism, bile acid metabolism and lysophospholipid metabolism. The levels of eicosanoids and bile acids could be used for indicating kidney function impairment in CRF. PPU could improve renal functions and either fully or partially reversed the levels of eicosanoids and bile acids.

4.
Carcinogenesis ; 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33758932

RESUMO

We examined the effect of microRNA-320b (miR-320b) on tumor growth and angiogenesis in lung cancer and also determined its downstream molecular mechanisms. Lung cancer tissues and adjacent non-cancerous tissues were collected from 66 patients with lung cancer. miR-320b expression was experimentally determined to be expressed at low level in cancer tissues. The results of gain-of-function experiments suggested that miR-320b overexpression suppressed cancer cell invasion, tube formation, tumor volume, and angiogenesis in xenografted nude mice. Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 gamma (HNF4G) was identified as a target of miR-320b based on in silico analysis. Dual luciferase reporter gene assays further identified the binding relationship between HNF4G and miR-320b. Lung cancer tissues exhibited increased expression of HNF4G and insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding protein 2 (IGF2BP2). Meanwhile, HNF4G knockdown suppressed IGF2BP2 expression, thereby repressing cancer cell invasion and tube formation. Furthermore, IGF2BP2 modified m6A to increase the expression of thymidine kinase 1 (TK1), thus promoting angiogenesis. In nude mice, restoration of TK1 reversed the suppressive effect of miR-320b overexpression on tumor growth rate and CD31 expression. In conclusion, miR-320b suppresses lung cancer growth and angiogenesis by inhibiting HNF4G, IGF2BP2, and TK1.

5.
Environ Pollut ; 276: 116725, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631691

RESUMO

Ionic liquids (ILs), also known as green solvents, are widely acknowledged in several fields, such as chemical separation, synthesis, and electrochemistry, owing to their excellent physiochemical properties. However, their poor biodegradability may lead to environmental and health risks, posing a severe threat to humans, thus requiring further research. In this study, the biotoxicities of the imidazolium-based ILs were evaluated in Tetrahymena pyriformis. Moreover, IL detoxification was investigated by addition of glutathione (GSH), cysteine, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) initiated by different IL types caused damage to Tetrahymena, while glutathione, cysteine, and NADH eliminated ROS, achieving the detoxification purposes. Detoxification results showed that NADH exhibited the best detoxification ability, followed by glutathione and cysteine. Finally, RT-PCR results suggested that metallothionein might have participated in IL detoxification.


Assuntos
Líquidos Iônicos , Tetrahymena pyriformis , Cisteína , Glutationa , Humanos , Líquidos Iônicos/toxicidade , NAD
6.
BMC Biol ; 19(1): 16, 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33499862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bark beetles are major pests of conifer forests, and their behavior is primarily mediated via olfaction. Targeting the odorant receptors (ORs) may thus provide avenues towards improved pest control. Such an approach requires information on the function of ORs and their interactions with ligands, which is also essential for understanding the functional evolution of these receptors. Hence, we aimed to identify a high-quality complement of ORs from the destructive spruce bark beetle Ips typographus (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Scolytinae) and analyze their antennal expression and phylogenetic relationships with ORs from other beetles. Using 68 biologically relevant test compounds, we next aimed to functionally characterize ecologically important ORs, using two systems for heterologous expression. Our final aim was to gain insight into the ligand-OR interaction of the functionally characterized ORs, using a combination of computational and experimental methods. RESULTS: We annotated 73 ORs from an antennal transcriptome of I. typographus and report the functional characterization of two ORs (ItypOR46 and ItypOR49), which are responsive to single enantiomers of the common bark beetle pheromone compounds ipsenol and ipsdienol, respectively. Their responses and antennal expression correlate with the specificities, localizations, and/or abundances of olfactory sensory neurons detecting these enantiomers. We use homology modeling and molecular docking to predict their binding sites. Our models reveal a likely binding cleft lined with residues that previously have been shown to affect the responses of insect ORs. Within this cleft, the active ligands are predicted to specifically interact with residues Tyr84 and Thr205 in ItypOR46. The suggested importance of these residues in the activation by ipsenol is experimentally supported through site-directed mutagenesis and functional testing, and hydrogen bonding appears key in pheromone binding. CONCLUSIONS: The emerging insight into ligand binding in the two characterized ItypORs has a general importance for our understanding of the molecular and functional evolution of the insect OR gene family. Due to the ecological importance of the characterized receptors and widespread use of ipsenol and ipsdienol in bark beetle chemical communication, these ORs should be evaluated for their potential use in pest control and biosensors to detect bark beetle infestations.

7.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 6696198, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33505535

RESUMO

Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most devastating diseases worldwide. The study is aimed at identifying reliable prognostic biomarkers and to improve understanding of cancer initiation and progression mechanisms. RNA-Seq data were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Subsequently, comprehensive bioinformatics analysis incorporating gene ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), and the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was conducted to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) closely associated with NSCLC. Eight hub genes were screened out using Molecular Complex Detection (MCODE) and cytoHubba. The prognostic and diagnostic values of the hub genes were further confirmed by survival analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Hub genes were validated by other datasets, such as the Oncomine, Human Protein Atlas, and cBioPortal databases. Ultimately, logistic regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the diagnostic potential of the two identified biomarkers. Screening removed 1,411 DEGs, including 1,362 upregulated and 49 downregulated genes. Pathway enrichment analysis of the DEGs examined the Ras signaling pathway, alcoholism, and other factors. Ultimately, eight prioritized genes (GNGT1, GNG4, NMU, GCG, TAC1, GAST, GCGR1, and NPSR1) were identified as hub genes. High hub gene expression was significantly associated with worse overall survival in patients with NSCLC. The ROC curves showed that these hub genes had diagnostic value. The mRNA expressions of GNGT1 and NMU were low in the Oncomine database. Their protein expressions and genetic alterations were also revealed. Finally, logistic regression analysis indicated that combining the two biomarkers substantially improved the ability to discriminate NSCLC. GNGT1 and NMU identified in the current study may empower further discovery of the molecular mechanisms underlying NSCLC's initiation and progression.

8.
Chem Biol Interact ; 337: 109396, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508306

RESUMO

Aging as one of intrinsic biological processes is a risk factor for many chronic diseases. Kidney disease is a global problem and health care burden worldwide. The diagnosis of kidney disease is currently based on serum creatinine and urea levels. Novel biomarkers may improve diagnostic accuracy, thereby allowing early prevention and treatment. Over the past few years, advances in genome analyses have identified an emerging class of noncoding RNAs that play critical roles in the regulation of gene expression and epigenetic reprogramming. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are pervasively transcribed in the genome and could bind DNA, RNA and protein. Emerging evidence has demonstrated that lncRNAs played an important role in all stages of kidney disease. To date, only some lncRNAs were well identified and characterized, but the complexity of multilevel regulation of transcriptional programs involved in these processes remains undefined. In this review, we summarized the lncRNA expression profiling of large-scale identified lncRNAs on kidney diseases including acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, diabetic nephropathy and kidney transplantation. We further discussed a number of annotated lncRNAs linking with complex etiology of kidney diseases. Finally, several lncRNAs were highlighted as diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets. Targeting lncRNAs may represent a precise therapeutic strategy for progressive renal fibrosis.


Assuntos
Nefropatias/patologia , Rim/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Envelhecimento , Nefropatias Diabéticas/genética , Nefropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/química , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/genética , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/metabolismo , Humanos , Nefropatias/genética , Nefropatias/terapia , Transplante de Rim , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
9.
J Affect Disord ; 278: 320-326, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis had been proved to calibrate to early-life adversity and puberty may reverse the calibration. This study examines the consequences of prolonged parent-child separation on HPA axis reactivity and the pubertal recalibration hypothesis. METHODS: Totally of 144 participants aged 8.75 to 15.25 (mean age 12.50 years, SD: 1.32) were enrolled from rural areas of Chizhou city, Anhui Province of China in 2019. Data on parent-child separation was collected from parents. Self-reported Peterson Pubertal Development Scale was used to assess pubertal maturation and HPA axis stress reactivity was measured using the Trier Social Stress Test for Children. RESULTS: For children at early stage of puberty, childhood parent-child separation experiences were associated with blunted HPA axis reactivity (B = -1.888, p = 0.034); while for those at later stage of puberty, HPA axis reactivity was similar between children experienced early childhood separation and those without separation (AUCi: B = -0.426, p = 0.878). In contrast, for children experienced persistent parent-child separation, blunted HPA axis reactivity was observed (all p < 0.05). LIMITATIONS: Due to the cross-sectional nature of this study, conclusions about causality remain speculative. CONCLUSIONS: The effect of parent-child separation on dysregulation of HPA axis acts in a time-dependent manner. This finding provides support for the pubertal recalibration hypothesis suggesting that a focus of improving environment in adolescence would help those individuals reared initially in non-supportive conditions.

10.
Ticks Tick Borne Dis ; 12(1): 101593, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096512

RESUMO

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging lethal tick-borne disease that has been widely prevalent in East Asia in recent years, and raised an important public health problem in China. However, a comprehensive and thorough understanding of the current SFTS epidemic areas in Shandong Province is not available. Accordingly, a descriptive analysis was applied to explore the demographic and spatio-temporal features of SFTS cases in Shandong Province from 2010 to 2015. The division between epidemic areas and non-epidemic areas was given by maximum entropy niche model (MaxEnt) based on environmental factors such as temperature and precipitation. There were 1,786 SFTS cases between 2010 and 2015 in Shandong, mainly involving middle-aged and elderly individuals (age:40-80) and farmers (84.6 %). May-October was the high-incidence period and the SFTS cases were mostly clustered in the central and eastern regions of Shandong Province. In light of MaxEnt, 3 specific environmental features between dichotomous areas were identified, including 1) most epidemic areas are covered by acidic soils (Constituent ratio: 63.8 %) while 29.1 % coverage appears in non-epidemic areas, 2) compared with non-epidemic areas, the identical kinds of agricultural areas accounted for a higher constituent ratio (64.9 % vs. 42.7 %), and 3) lower level of annual temperature in epidemic areas compared to non-epidemic areas [Median: 13.2℃ vs. 14.2℃; (25th IQR, 75th IQR): (12.5, 13.7) vs. (13.6, 14.9)]. Our study suggests middle-aged and elderly farmers are high-risk population to be focused on in future prevention and acidic soils, agricultural activities as well lower temperature that may be related to increased SFTS incidence.

11.
Pharmacol Res ; : 105316, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33248198

RESUMO

Fibrosis is the excessive deposition of extracellular matrix components, which results in disruption of tissue architecture and loss of organ function. Fibrosis leads to high morbidity and mortality worldwide, mainly due to the lack of effective therapeutic strategies against fibrosis. It is generally accepted that fibrosis occurs during an aberrant wound healing process and shares a common pathogenesis across different organs such as the heart, liver, kidney, and lung. A better understanding of the fibrosis-related cellular and molecular mechanisms will be helpful for development of targeted drug therapies. Extensive studies revealed that numerous mediators contributed to fibrogenesis, suggesting that targeting these mediators may be an effective therapeutic strategy for antifibrosis. In this review, we describe a number of mediators involved in tissue fibrosis, including aryl hydrocarbon receptor, Yes-associated protein, cannabinoid receptors, angiopoietin-like protein 2, high mobility group box 1, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor-1, SH2 domain-containing phosphatase-2, and long non-coding RNAs, with the goal that drugs targeting these important mediators might exhibit a beneficial effect on antifibrosis. In addition, these mediators show profibrotic effects on multiple tissues, suggesting that targeting these mediators will exert antifibrotic effects on different organs. Furthermore, we present a variety of compounds that exhibit therapeutic effects against fibrosis. This review suggests therapeutic avenues for targeting organ fibrosis and concurrently identifies challenges and opportunities for designing new therapeutic strategies against fibrosis.

12.
Clin Interv Aging ; 15: 2209-2218, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33239870

RESUMO

Background: Postoperative functional training for fracture or osteoarthritis is mainly focused on functional self-exercise, which aims to recover the function of the lower limbs. Purpose: To compare the function and life quality recovery in patients with fracture or arthritis treated with novel muscle training device (NMT) or conventional rehabilitation training (CRT) following surgery. Patients and Methods: A total of 32 fracture patients were randomly divided into the NMT or the CRT groups. The evaluation was performed on the first and 7th day after surgery. The outcome measurements included the incidence of foot drop, Deep Vein Thrombosis and pressure ulcers, Hospital for Special Surgery knee score (HSS scores), pain scores for the Visual Analogue Scale (Pain scores for VAS), Zung self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and the Barthel Index score. Results: The comparison of the change scores between the two groups indicated significant differences on day 7 following surgery in the Barthel Index score (P<0.01). The Pain scores for VAS between the two groups indicated a significant difference (P<0.05, U=20.0). The HSS scores between the two groups indicated a significant difference (P<0.05, U=19.0). The HSS scores exhibited a highly significant difference in the NMT group (P<0.01). The Mann-Whitney test was used to analyze the various components of the HSS scores. The comparison of the change scores on the function between the two groups indicated a significant difference (P<0.05). The Range of Motion difference between groups exhibited highly significant differences (P<0.01). Conclusion: The novel muscle training device positively influenced the decrease in pain score, which resulted in a range increase of knee joint movement and a significant overall improvement in motion.

13.
Psychosom Med ; 82(9): 823-829, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the developmental pattern of diurnal cortisol rhythm during pubertal transition and its prospective association with psychopathological symptoms. METHODS: A cohort of 1158 children consisting of 608 boys and 550 girls aged 7 to 9 years (mean [standard deviation] age = 8.04 [0.61] years) were recruited in the Anhui Province of China in 2015 (wave 1). A single awakening sample was collected at baseline, and three additional samples were collected at one weekday in wave 2 to wave 4. Four indices of cortisol activity were evaluated and calculated across the day: awakening cortisol level, cortisol awakening response, the area under the curve with respect to ground (AUC), and the diurnal cortisol slope. In each wave, pubertal development was assessed by testicular size in boys and Tanner scales in girls. Psychopathological symptoms were ascertained in waves 2 to 4. RESULTS: Multilevel mixed models revealed no significant pubertal changes in diurnal cortisol activity in girls. In boys, awakening cortisol (ß = -0.005, p = .004) and total cortisol output (lnAUC, ß = -0.005, p = .040) significantly decreased across pubertal transition. Higher awakening cortisol and total cortisol output (lnAUC) were associated with higher scores on internalizing symptoms in girls (ß = 0.82, p < .001; ß = 0.62, p = .012) and externalizing symptoms in boys (ß = 0.73, p = .001; ß = 0.55, p = .019) during the 3-year follow-up. In contrast, no associations were found between cortisol awakening response and diurnal cortisol slope with psychopathological symptom scores in boys or girls. CONCLUSIONS: Development of diurnal cortisol activity during pubertal transition occurs in a sex-specific manner. Awakening cortisol level and daily total cortisol output may serve as markers for psychopathology during pubertal transition.

14.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 529962, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33101013

RESUMO

Coix Seed Oil (CSO) possesses a wide range of pharmacological activities. Kanglaite Injection, a commercial product of CSO, has been used clinically as an anticancer drug in China for decades. However, its molecular mechanisms on triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains to be elucidated. In this study, the effect of CSO was evaluated on murine TNBC 4T1 cells and the orthotopic tumor-bearing mouse model and underlying mechanisms were explored. CSO suppressed cell proliferation, colony formation in vitro, and tumor growth in vivo. miR-205-5p was substantially altered in CSO treated tumor tissues compared to the control group by miRNA-sequencing analysis. Sphingomyelin metabolism (SM) decreased in serum in model group compared to the control group, while it increased by CSO administration by lipid metabolomics analysis. The expression of sphingosine 1 phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1), the critical effector of SM, was downregulated upon CSO treatment. Mechanically, miRNA-205 directly targeted S1PR1 to regulate SM and cell proliferation. CSO reduced the expression of S1PR1, cyclinD1, and phosphorylation levels of STAT3, MAPK, and AKT while upregulated p27. These results revealed that CSO exerted an anti-TNBC effect via the miR-205/S1PR1 axis to regulate sphingomyelin metabolism, and the downstream STAT3/MAPK/AKT signal pathways were partly involved.

15.
J Inorg Biochem ; 213: 111248, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011623

RESUMO

Three aroylhydrazone ligands ((Z)-N'-([2,2'-bithiophen]-5-ylmethylene)-2-hydroxybenzohydrazide, HL1; (Z)-N'-([2,2'-bithiophen]-5-ylmethylene)-3-hydroxybenzohydrazide, HL2; and (Z)-N'-([2,2'-bithiophen]-5-ylmethylene)-4-hydroxybenzohydrazide, HL3) and their complexes with nickel (Ni(L1)2, 1; Ni(L2)2, 2; Ni(L3)2∙DMF, 3) were synthesized and characterized by ESI-MS, NMR, IR, UV-vis and elemental analysis techniques. The molecular structure of ligand (HL2) and complexes 1-3 was confirmed by single crystal X-ray crystallography. The single crystal X-ray structure of complexes 1-3 showed a distorted square planar geometry around the metal center, and the ligands adopt a bidentate chelating mode. The interaction of calf thymus (ctDNA) with nickel(II) complexes was explored using absorption, emission spectrum, viscosity, and circular dichroism methods. These complexes exhibited moderate affinity for ctDNA through groove binding modes. The most efficient DNA binder was complex 2. The interaction of the complexes with DNA has also been supported by molecular docking study and molecular dynamics simulation. An in vitro cytotoxicity study of the complexes found low activity against human cervical (Hela) and breast (MCF-7) cancer cell lines, with the best results for complex 2, where IC50 values are 86 µM and 92 µM respectively.

16.
Mol Plant Microbe Interact ; 33(11): 1265-1269, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32967552

RESUMO

Verticillium dahliae is a widespread fungal pathogen that causes Verticillium wilt on many economically important crops and ornamentals worldwide. Populations of V. dahliae have been divided into two distinct races based upon differential host responses in tomato and lettuce. Recently, the contemporary race 2 isolates were further divided into an additional race in tomato. Herein, we provide a high-quality reference genome for the race 1 strain VdLs.16 isolated from lettuce in California, U.S.A. This resource will contribute to ongoing research that aims to elucidate the genetic basis of V. dahliae pathogenicity and population genomic diversity.


Assuntos
Genoma Fúngico , Alface/microbiologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Verticillium , Verticillium/genética , Virulência
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32922506

RESUMO

Background: Hedyotis diffusa (HD) Willd. and Scutellaria barbata (SB) D. Don in different ratios have been frequently used to treat various cancers in clinical Traditional Chinese Medicine prescriptions. However, the optimal ratio, active fraction, and molecular mechanisms associated with the anti-breast cancer role of this herbal couplet have not been elaborated. Methods: To screen out the optimal ratio of this herbal couplet, we compare aqueous extracts of HD, SB, or HD plus SB in different weight ratios (HS11, HS12, HS21) for their anticancer effects on murine breast cancer 4T1 cells in vitro and in vivo. EA11, the ethyl acetate fraction from HS11 (the aqueous extract of the couplet at an equal weight ratio), is further assessed for its antiproliferative effect as well as the antitumorigenic impact with the aid of immunocompetent mice. Colony formation, flow cytometry, western blot, ELISA, and qRT-PCR are used to elucidate mechanisms underlying EA11-led effects. Results: HS11 presents the most potential suppression of 4T1 cell proliferation and tumor growth among these aqueous extracts. The comparison results show that EA11 is more effective than HS11 in vitro and in vivo. EA11 inhibits colony formation and induces apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner. EA11 reduces the protein expressions of PDE7B, PD-L1, ß-catenin, and cyclin D1 while elevating the concentration of cellular cAMP and miR-200c expression in 4T1 cells. Additionally, EA11 exerts its anticancer effect partially via the inactivation of MAPK and AKT signaling pathways. Conclusions: This study implicates that EA11 prevents breast tumor development by interfering with the miR-200c-PDE7B/PD-L1-AKT/MAPK axis. EA11 may represent a potential therapeutic candidate for breast cancer.

18.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 21: 712-724, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771923

RESUMO

Long-chain non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are RNA molecules with a length greater than 200 nt and no function of encoding proteins. lncRNAs play a precise regulatory function at different levels of transcription and post-transcription, and they interact with various regulatory factors to regulate gene expression, and then participate in cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis, and other life processes. In recent years, studies have shown that the abnormal expression of lncRNAs is closely related to the occurrence and development of tumors, which is expected to become an effective biomarker in tumor diagnosis. The sequencing analysis of mutations in the whole tumor genome suggests that mutations in non-coding regions may play an important role in the occurrence and development of tumors. Therefore, in-depth study of lncRNAs is helpful to clarify the molecular mechanism of tumor occurrence and development and to provide new targets for tumor diagnosis and treatment. This review introduces the molecular mechanism and clinical application prospect of lncRNAs affecting tumor development from the perspective of gene expression and regulation.

19.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(21): 2586-2594, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32852382

RESUMO

Clinical ophthalmologists consider each retinal disease as a completely unique entity. However, various retinal diseases, such as uveitis, age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and primary open-angle glaucoma, share a number of common pathogenetic pathways. Whether a retinal disease initiates from direct injury to the blood-retinal barrier (BRB) or a defect/injury to retinal neurons or glia that impairs the BRB secondarily, the BRB is a pivotal point in determining the prognosis as self-limiting and recovering, or developing and progressing to a clinical phenotype. The present review summarizes our current knowledge on the physiology and cellular and molecular pathology of the BRB, which underlies its pivotal role in the initiation and development of common retinal diseases.

20.
Opt Express ; 28(14): 19901-19915, 2020 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32680060

RESUMO

We propose a THz nondestructive analysis method based on multiple echoes and feature fusion. Conventionally, it is difficult to identify the debonding defects of the glue layer (II) due to the thin adhesive layer. To this end, a THz propagation model is established, and a quantitative method for determining the thickness of debonding defects based on multiple echoes is presented. The measurement error for preset defect thickness of 500 µm was 4%. Further, for determining the area of debonding defects, a feature fusion imaging algorithm is proposed to realize the lateral recognition of defects and quantitative analysis is used to improve the recognition ability of defects.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...