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1.
J Cancer ; 10(27): 6910-6914, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839826

RESUMO

CCL18 is a cytokine secreted by M2 type tumor associated macrophages, which frequently over-expressed in diverse human cancers. However, the clinical significance of serum CCL18 in patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) remains unknown. In this study, serum CCL18 was initially quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 146 patients with LSCC, 25 patients with precancerous lesions and 72 healthy volunteers. In addition, the correlations between serum CCL18 and clinicopathological parameters were analyzed. Our data revealed that serum CCL18 was obviously increased in patients with LSCC. Moreover, serum CCL18 level was significantly associated with primary tumor site (Glottic vs Others), T classification (T1+T2 vs T3+T4), clinical stage (I+II vs III+IV) and lymph node metastasis (N0 vs N+). Survival analysis demonstrated that patients with high serum CCL18 displayed a shorter survival time than those in patients with low serum CCL18. Importantly, serum CCL18 level and clinical stage were independent prognostic factors in patients with LSCC. Taken together, serum CCL18 could be used as a promising biomarker in patients with LSCC.

2.
Cancer Sci ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778279

RESUMO

Metastasis is a critical determinant for the treatment strategy and prognosis in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). However, the mechanisms underlying SCCHN metastasis are poorly understood. Our study sought to determine the key microRNA and their functional mechanisms involved in SCCHN metastasis. For The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data analysis, quantitative PCR was used to quantify the level of miR-30e-5p in SCCHN and its clinical significance was further analyzed. A series of in vitro and in vivo experiments were applied to determine the effects of miR-30e-5p and its target AEG-1 on SCCHN metastasis. A mechanism investigation further revealed that AEG-1 was implicated in the angiogenesis and metastasis mediated by miR-30e-5p. Overall, our study confirms that miR-30e-5p is a valuable predictive biomarker and potential therapeutic target in SCCHN metastasis.

3.
J Cancer ; 10(19): 4633-4638, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31528227

RESUMO

As a classical ligand in the canonical Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, the role of Wnt3a in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) remains unclear. Therefore, the expression pattern of the Wnt3a protein in 222 primary LSCC, and 19 corresponding adjacent non-carcinoma specimens, was detected by immunohistochemistry and further correlated with clinicopathological parameters. The results showed that LSCC tissue expressed higher levels of the Wnt3a protein when compared to the corresponding adjacent non-cancerous tissues. High expression of Wnt3a was closely related to histological grade (P = 0.031), clinical stage (I+II / III+IV; P = 0.004), and lymph node metastasis (P = 0.03). Kaplan-Meier analysis evidenced that a worse overall survival (OS) was correlated to the group with high Wnt3a expression (P = 0.003). When stratified survival analyses were performed, patients with lymph node metastasis/advanced clinical stages and high Wnt3a expression had worse OS rates than patients with other features (P < 0.001). Finally, multivariate analysis showed that Wnt3a expression was an independent prognosis factor for LSCC patients. The current findings suggest that Wnt3a is tightly related to the LSCC progression and could serve as a valuable clinic biomarker for LSCC patients.

4.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(7): 4711-4722, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31111621

RESUMO

The canonical Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway and autophagy play critical roles in cancer progression. However, the role of Wnt-mediated autophagy in cancer radioresistance remains unclear. In this study, we found that irradiation activated the Wnt/ß-catenin and autophagic signalling pathways in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Wnt3a is a classical ligand that activated the Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway, induced autophagy and decreased the sensitivity of SCCHN to irradiation both in vitro and in vivo. Further mechanistic analysis revealed that Wnt3a promoted SCCHN radioresistance via protective autophagy. Finally, expression of the Wnt3a protein was elevated in both SCCHN tissues and patients' serum. Patients showing high expression of Wnt3a displayed a worse prognosis. Taken together, our study indicates that both the canonical Wnt and autophagic signalling pathways are valuable targets for sensitizing SCCHN to irradiation.

5.
J Cancer ; 9(19): 3593-3602, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30310517

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are potentially critical regulators of cancer malignant behaviours. Aberrant expression and dysfunction of lncRNA PVT1 have been reported in multiple human cancers. However, its role in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) remains largely unknown. Our current study demonstrated that PVT1 expression was increased in SCCHN. High PVT1 expression was positively correlated with SCCHN clinical parameters including T classification, clinical stages and cervical lymph node metastasis. More importantly, high PVT1 expression predicted a poor prognosis in SCCHN patients. Gain-of function and loss-of function studies further indicated that PVT1 promoted the proliferation and invasion of SCCHN both in vitro and in vivo, which was accompanied by epithelial-mesenchymal transition and enhanced cancer stem cell-like properties. Further mechanistic investigation revealed that PVT1 activated Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway, and inhibition of Wnt/ß-catenin signalling reversed the malignant progression caused by PVT1 overexpression. Together, our study reveals that PVT1 accelerates the malignant progression of SCCHN and represents a potential biomarker and therapeutic target in SCCHN.

6.
Cancer Cell Int ; 18: 120, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30181713

RESUMO

Background: Alternatively activated macrophages in tumor microenvironment is defined as M2 tumor-associated macrophages (M2 TAMs) that promote cancer progression. However, communicative mechanisms between M2 TAMs and cancer cells in squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (SCCHN) remain largely unknown. Methods: Quantitative real-time PCR, western blotting, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometry were applied to quantify mRNA and protein expression of genes related to M2 TAMs, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and stemness. Wounding-healing and Transwell invasion assays were performed to detect the invasion and migration. Sphere formation assay was used to detect the stemness of SCCHN cells. RNA-sequencing and following bioinformatics analysis were used to determine the alterations of transcriptome. Results: THP-1 monocytes were successfully polarized into M2-like TAMs, which was manifested by increased mRNA and protein expression of CCL18, IL-10 and CD206. Conditioned medium from M2-like TAMs promoted the migration and invasion of SCCHN cells, which was accompanied by the occurrence of EMT and enhanced stemness. Importantly, CCL18 neutralizing antibody partially abrogated these effects that caused by conditional medium from M2-like TAMs. In addition, recombinant human CCL18 (rhCCL18) correspondingly promoted the malignant biological behaviors of SCCHN in vitro. Finally, RNA-sequencing analysis identified 331 up-regulated and 363 down-regulated genes stimulated by rhCCL18, which were statistically enriched in 10 cancer associated signaling pathways. Conclusion: These findings indicate that CCL18 derived from M2-like TAMs promotes metastasis via inducing EMT and cancer stemness in SCCHN in vitro.

7.
J Cancer ; 9(1): 198-204, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29290786

RESUMO

Purpose: Lysine demethylase (KDM) 5B, as a member of the histone lysine demethylase family, is overexpressed and functions abnormally in various human cancers. However, its expression in the squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) remains unclear. Methods: KDM5B expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry and correlated with clinicopathological parameters in 103 archival SCCHN tissue samples and 24 adjacent noncancerous epithelial tissues. Results: We found that KDM5B expression was higher in SCCHN than that in adjacent noncancerous tissues. This was closely associated with lymph node metastasis and tumor recurrence. In addition, Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patients with high KDM5B expression had shorter disease-free and overall survival times than those with low KDM5B expression. Importantly, both univariate and multivariate analysis demonstrated that KDM5B level was an independent prognostic factor in SCCHN patients. Conclusions: These results indicate that KDM5B is a valuable biomarker that can be used to predict SCCHN patient outcome.

8.
Oncol Rep ; 38(5): 2893-2900, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28901527

RESUMO

Hypoxia is a hallmark of progressive cancer. Hypoxic cancer cells trigger glycolysis in response to a decreased O2 supply to meet metabolic and bioenergetic demands. Meanwhile, these responses to hypoxia and alterations of the microenvironment promote cancer cell metastasis by increasing transcription of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-regulated genes. However, the detailed mechanism by which hypoxia regulates cancer cell metastasis and glycolysis remains to be investigated. In the present study, we identified that metadherin (MTDH), a multifaceted oncogene, is involved in the regulation of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) metastasis and invasion under hypoxic conditions. Furthermore, the study indicated that there is a positive feedback loop between HIF-1α and MTDH in HNSCC cells, and that hypoxia promotes HNSCC cell metastasis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition by mediating the HIF-1α-MTDH loop. These findings implicate HIF-1α-MTDH as a promising target for anticancer drugs in solid tumors, and help to explain the pro-tumorigenic and unfavorable effect of MTDH on HNSCC observed in our previous studies.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Glicólise , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Hipóxia Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Retroalimentação Fisiológica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
9.
Am J Cancer Res ; 7(12): 2554-2565, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29312808

RESUMO

PURPOSE: MicroRNAs function through regulating specific target mRNA expression and then participate in the development and progression of diverse human cancers. MiR-98 shows aberrant expression and dysfunction in tumors. However, its clinical significance and exact role in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) remain elusive. METHODS: MiR-98 expression was examined by qRT-PCR and correlated with clinicopathological variables and prognosis in SCCHN patients. Effects of miR-98 on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the malignant phenotypes of SCCHN were studied. Finally, the role of target gene metadherin (MTDH) in miR-98 mediated effects were assayed. RESULTS: Our results demonstrated that miR-98, as an endogenous inhibitor of MTDH via directly binding to its 3'-untranslated region (UTR) region, decreased significantly in SCCHN tissues. Decreased miR-98 expression was negatively correlated with T classification, clinical stage, lymph node metastasis and a shorter survival status in SCCHN patients. Loss-of-function and gain-of-function analyses confirmed that miR-98 inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion of SCCHN cells in vitro. Moreover, miR-98 repression led to increased MTDH expression and induced EMT alteration. Importantly, ectopic expression of MTDH partially reversed the effects caused by miR-98 overexpression. CONCLUSIONS: Our study identifies that miR-98 serves as a suppressor in SCCHN progression via targeting oncogene MTDH.

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