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1.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 17(1): 53, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the last decade, incomplete Kawasaki disease (KD), intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) non-response and coronary artery abnormalities (CAA) have experienced the increasing trends in China. In addition, the enhancement of pediatricians' awareness may also raise the diagnostic rate of incomplete KD and stimulate more aggressive initial therapy in the acute episode of KD. Given this background, we hypothesize that the time option of IVIG treatment should be in parallel with peak time of systemic inflammation; either earlier or later IVIG treatment may affect the clinical classification, therapeutic responsiveness and CAA occurrence in KD patients. Therefore, the major objective of the present study is to identify whether the time option of IVIG treatment could be associated with the clinical classification, therapeutic responsiveness and CAA occurrence in the acute episode of KD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 153 children with KD were recruited between July 2015 and May 2018. All patients received the standard therapy of KD, including a single infusion of IVIG (2 g/kg) and aspirin (30-50 mg/kg/d). Blood samples were collected from all subjects within 24 h pre-IVIG treatment, respectively. Echocardiography was performed during the period from 2 days to 14 days after IVIG treatment. RESULTS: (1) The clinical classification presented no significant heterogenicity among different treatment time (x2 = 1.59, p > 0.05) (2) Eleven KD patients resisted to IVIG treatment and 7 of them (63.60%) received the initial IVIG dose on day 5 and 6. (3) The distribution of CAA onset was subjected to a significant difference according to timing option of IVIG treatment (x2 = 11.94, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The time option of IVIG treatment is associated with therapeutic responsiveness and CAA but not with clinical classification in the acute episode of KD.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the specific etiology of Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is still unknown, several kinds of infectious triggers have been proved to participate in its pathogenesis. The objectives of present study were to analyze the association of the infectious triggers with childhood HSP in Anhui province, China. METHODS: 1200 HSP children were recruited from January 2015 to December 2017. Serum antistreptolysin O titer, TORCH, Epstein-Barr virus, helicobacter pylori (HP), Mycoplasma antibodies (MP-Ab), tubercle bacillus antibody (TB-Ab), respiratory pathogens (legionella pneumophila, chlamydia pneumoniae, adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, influenza A virus, influenza B virus, rickettsia, parainfluenza virus) were determined. Patients' histories were obtained by interviews and questionnaires. RESULTS: The annual incidence of HSP was 8.13-9.17 per 100,000. HSP occurred more commonly in spring and winter than in summer with an obvious west-to-east gradient. On admission, several potential infections were identified in 611 cases (50.92%). The infectious agents including streptococcus, HP, MP, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial virus, TB and toxoplasma gondii were identified in 205 cases (17.08%), 71 cases (5.92%), 58 cases (4.83%), 6 cases (0.5%), 1 case (0.08%), 1 case (0.08%) and 1 case (0.08%) respectively. 123 cases (10.25%) relapsed or recurred more than one time; the mean number was 2.92, and the mean interval was 11.4 weeks. The infection was the most frequent trigger regardless of clinical phenotypes and relapse/recurrence. Symptomatic treatment plus adjunctive anti-infectious agents could significantly improve the remission rate of purpura in the infectious cases (x2=24.60, p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Streptococcus is the most frequent infectious agent in HSP children regardless of clinical phenotype or relapse/recurrence. The complete elimination of infectious triggers may help relieve cutaneous purpura.

4.
Exp Mol Med ; 51(7): 70, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31263178

RESUMO

Renal osteodystrophy (ROD) occurs as early as chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 2 and seems ubiquitous in almost all pediatric patients with CKD stage 5. Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-23, a bone-derived endocrine regulator of phosphate homeostasis, is overexpressed in CKD and disturbs osteoblast differentiation and matrix mineralization. In contrast, C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) acts as a potent positive regulator of bone growth. In the present study, we infused CNP into uremic rats and observed whether CNP could attenuate ROD through the inhibition of FGF-23 cascades. In uremic rats, CNP administration significantly alleviated renal dysfunction, calcium phosphate metabolic disorders, hypovitaminosis D, secondary hyperparathyroidism, the decrease in bone turnover markers and retarded bone pathological progression. More importantly, within FGF-23/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling, the fibroblast growth factor receptor-1, Klotho and alternative (STAT-1/phospho-STAT-1) elements were upregulated by CNP, whereas FGF-23, RAF-1/phospho-RAF-1, and downstream (ERK/phospho-ERK and P38/phospho-P38) elements were paradoxically underexpressed in bone tissue. Therefore, CNP exerts a therapeutic effect on ROD through inhibition of FGF-23/MAPK signaling at the RAF-1 level.

5.
Cardiovasc Toxicol ; 19(5): 451-464, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31037602

RESUMO

Carbon monoxide (CO) presents anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities as a new gaseous neuromessenger produced by heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in the body. High salt-induced hypertension is relevant to the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (PICs) and oxidative stress in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). We explored whether CO in PVN can attenuate high salt-induced hypertension by regulating PICs or oxidative stress. Male Dahl Salt-Sensitive rats were fed high-salt (8% NaCl) or normal-salt (0.3% NaCl) diet for 4 weeks. CORM-2, ZnPP IX, or vehicle was microinjected into bilateral PVN for 6 weeks. High-salt diet increased the levels of MAP, plasma norepinephrine (NE), reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the expressions of COX2, IL-1ß, IL-6, NOX2, and NOX4 significantly in PVN (p < 0.05), but decreased the expressions of HO-1 and Cu/Zn-SOD in PVN (p < 0.05). Salt increased sympathetic activity as measured by circulating norepinephrine, and increased the ratio of basal RSNA to max RSNA, in part by decreasing max RSNA. PVN microinjection of CORM-2 decreased the levels of MAP, NE, RSNA, ROS and the expressions of COX2, IL-1ß, IL-6, NOX2, NOX4 significantly in PVN of hypertensive rat (p < 0.05), but increased the expressions of HO-1 and Cu/Zn-SOD significantly (p < 0.05), which were all opposite to the effects of ZnPP IX microinjected in PVN (p < 0.05). We concluded that exogenous or endogenous CO attenuates high salt-induced hypertension by regulating PICs and oxidative stress in PVN.

6.
Nat Prod Bioprospect ; 2019 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31065939

RESUMO

We aimed at reporting the chemical constituents and antimicrobial activities of Leea aequata L., a traditional folk medicine used in Myanmar for the treatment of wounds and skin diseases. A new neolignan, (7S,8R)-9'-O-acetylcedrusin (1), a new lactam, (3S,4S)-4-chloro-3-hydroxypiperidin-2-one (2), along with 21 known compounds, including five lignans (3-7), four flavonoid glycosides (8-11), and others (12-23), were isolated from the ethanoic extract of the aerial parts of L. aequata. The structures of the new compounds were determined by NMR, MS, and ECD spectra. For all the antimicrobial tests of the 23 compounds, only 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester (17) showed weak inhibitory activities against Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica.

7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(24): 6874-6883, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31144502

RESUMO

We prepared a specific adsorptive nanocarrier for pesticide due to its challenge to cleanup and low detoxification in the treatment after intake, whether intentional or by mistake. We modified the plastic antibody (molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP)) on the surface of persistent luminescence nanoparticle (La3Ga5GeO14: Cr3+, Zn2+, LGGO) as the specific adsorptive nanocarrier for toxic molecules and realized the nanocarrier was widely distributed for absorbing pesticide and real-time in vivo bioimaging. We used LGGO as the core and trichlorphon as the template to prepare the plastic antibody nanocarrier. After in vivo bioimaging and biodistribution of mice, LGGO@MIP could be distributed evenly in the gastrointestinal tract, circulated in the blood for a long time, and finally excreted to achieve the adsorption and removal of pesticide in the body. The LGGO@MIP nanocarrier prepared in this study opens a new way for the treatment of poisoning.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/química , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Praguicidas/metabolismo , Plásticos/química , Imagem Corporal Total/métodos , Adsorção , Animais , Anticorpos/imunologia , Cinética , Luminescência , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Impressão Molecular , Nanopartículas/química , Nanotecnologia/instrumentação , Praguicidas/química , Plásticos/metabolismo , Polímeros/síntese química , Polímeros/química , Triclorfon/química , Triclorfon/metabolismo , Imagem Corporal Total/instrumentação
8.
Biomed J ; 42(1): 36-45, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987703

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury is a frequent clinical damage, in which the oxidative stress and inflammation play an important role. Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is a natural anti-inflammatory factor, however, its effect on intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury remains unclear. METHODS: The rat model of intestinal I/R was induced by occlusion (for 60 min) and reopening (for 60 min) of superior mesenteric artery. The rats were randomly divided into the following 5 groups: sham-operation(S), model (I/R),10 mg/kgIL-1Ra + I/R (C1),20 mg/kgIL-1Ra + I/R (C2), and30 mg/kgIL-1Ra + I/R (C3). RESULTS: In this study it was the first time to confirm that IL-1Ra had a significant protection against the intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury. IL-1Ra not only effectively inhibited the expression of inflammatory factors (such as IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α) and the activation of neutrophil in intestinal tissues, but also decreased the death of intestinal cells and the damages of intestinal tissues. Interestingly, besides anti-inflammation effect, it was also found that IL-1Ra possessed a significant inhibitory effect on the oxidative stress caused by ischemia/reperfusion injury. Furthermore, the expression of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1), and the phosphorylation level of Nrf2 were greatly promoted by IL-1Ra. At the same time, IL-1Ra inhibited the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPKs) pathway. CONCLUSION: IL-1Ra had the protective effect against intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury, its mechanism included anti-inflammation and anti-oxidative stress in which the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway played an important role. The above-mentioned results may extend the clinical application of IL-1Ra in the treatment of intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury.

10.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(10): 18587-18601, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953349

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is a common heterogeneous disease. The critical roles of microRNA-340 (miR-340) in the development and progression of GC were emphasized in accumulating studies. This study aims to examine the regulatory mechanism of miR-340 in GC cellular processes. Initially, microarray technology was used to identify differentially expressed genes and regulatory miRs in GC. After that, the potential role of miR-340 in GC was determined via ectopic expression, depletion, and reporter assay experiments. Expression of secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1), miR-340, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) pathway, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related genes was measured. Moreover, to further explore the function of miR-340 in vivo and in vitro, proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion, and tumorigenic capacity were evaluated. SPP1 was a target gene of miR-340 which could then mediate the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway by targeting SPP1 in GC. Furthermore, miR-340 levels were reduced and SPP1 was enriched in GC tissues and cells, with the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway being activated. Inhibitory effects of upregulated miR-340 on SPP1 and the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway were confirmed in vivo and in vitro. Overexpression of miR-340 or the silencing of SPP1 inhibited GC cell proliferation, invasion, migration, and EMT process, but promoted apoptosis of GC cells. Typically, targeting of SPP1 by miR-340 may contribute to the inhibition of proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT of GC cells via suppression of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

11.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 31(5): 599-606, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30807447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Emerging published data on the accuracy of γ-glutamyl transpeptidase-to-platelet ratio (GPR) for diagnosing hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related fibrosis are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to systematically review the performance of GPR for diagnosing HBV-related significant fibrosis, severe fibrosis, and cirrhosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE was conducted before July 2018. Study selection was performed according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The relevant parameters of eligible studies were abstracted. The methodological quality was assessed according to the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies. Areas under summary receiver operating characteristic curves, sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, and diagnostic odds ratios were used to examine the GPR accuracy for the diagnosis of significant fibrosis, severe fibrosis, and cirrhosis. RESULTS: A total of 10 studies including 5882 patients with HBV infection underwent liver biopsy were incorporated. The prevalence of significant fibrosis, severe fibrosis, and cirrhosis were 58% (range: 22-72%), 36% (range: 10-55%), and 19% (range: 2-33%), respectively. Areas under summary receiver operating characteristic curves of GPR for predicting significant fibrosis, severe fibrosis, and cirrhosis were 0.733, 0.777, and 0.796, respectively. Subgroup analysis was performed according to geographical region and histological scoring system with similar results. CONCLUSION: GPR has moderate diagnostic accuracy for predicting HBV-related significant fibrosis, severe fibrosis, and cirrhosis, and further studies with large sample size, rigorous design, multicenter study population are urgently needed.


Assuntos
Plaquetas , Ensaios Enzimáticos Clínicos , Hepatite B/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , gama-Glutamiltransferase/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite B/virologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/virologia , Contagem de Plaquetas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(7): 7192-7198, 2019 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30672273

RESUMO

A novel thermally activated delayed fluorescent (TADF) compound, 9-(3-((4,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)oxy)phenyl)-3,6-diphenyl-9 H-carbazole (PhCz- o-Trz), with a donor-σ-acceptor (D-σ-A) motif is developed. A flexible small space σ-junction is adopted to partly suppress the intramolecular charge transfer (intra-CT) while inversely enhancing the intermolecular charge transfer (inter-CT) between D/A moieties, realizing the coexistence of both intra-CT and inter-CT in an amorphous aggregate. The coexistence of dual CTs increases the complexity of the singlet and triplet state mixing, enhancing the triplet-to-singlet spin-flip transition and thereby the TADF emission. Additionally, PhCz- o-Trz is evaluated not only as an emitter but also as a sensitizing host for fluorescent and phosphorescent dopants, all exhibiting high efficiencies with alleviated efficiency roll-offs. These results shed light on the development of new TADF materials with dual CTs and may further deepen our understanding about TADF mechanisms.

13.
Clin Exp Med ; 19(2): 173-181, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30617865

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute, systemic vasculitis and occurs mainly in childhood. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine synthesized predominantly by neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages and plays an important role in systemic inflammatory disease. However, a little information is currently available on the relationship of serum IL-6 with conventional inflammatory mediators, clinical classification, IVIG response and coronary artery aneurysm (CAA). 165 Chinese children with KD were enrolled and divided into six subgroups, including complete KD, incomplete KD, IVIG-responsive KD, IVIG-nonresponsive KD, coronary artery noninvolvement KD and coronary artery involvement KD. Blood samples were collected from all subjects within 24-h pre- and 48-h post-IVIG therapy, respectively. Serum IL-6 and conventional inflammatory mediators were detected. (1) Serum IL-6 markedly increased in the acute phase of KD, whereas declined to normal after IVIG therapy; it was positively correlated with C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate. (2) Serum IL-6 was significantly elevated in patients with incomplete KD when compared with their complete counterparts. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) value for serum IL-6 in prediction of incomplete KD was 0.596, and the estimated sensitivity and specificity were 77.80% and 54.40% with a cutoff of IL-6 > 13.25 pg/ml, respectively. (3) Serum IL-6 was significantly elevated in patients with IVIG-nonresponsive KD when compared with their IVIG-responsive counterparts; the AUC value for serum IL-6 in prediction of IVIG-nonresponsive KD was 0.580, and the estimated sensitivity and specificity were 60.00% and 66.30% with a cutoff of IL-6 > 26.40 pg/ml, respectively. (4) No significant differences in IL-6 were found between KD patients with and without CAA. IL-6 is prone to be a candidate biomarker for predicting incomplete and IVIG nonresponsive KD rather than CAA.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Aneurisma Coronário/diagnóstico , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/métodos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-6/sangue , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Aneurisma Coronário/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/complicações , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/patologia , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Falha de Tratamento
14.
J Investig Med ; 67(4): 771-778, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30530785

RESUMO

Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a common autoimmune vasculitis in childhood. The detailed pathogenesis of HSP is still unclear, whereas several types of predisposing factors have been proved to be the initial step. The objectives of present study were to analyze the distribution of predisposing factors, association of the predisposing factors with clinical manifestations and HSP relapse/recurrence. 1200 children with HSP were recruited between January 2015 and December 2017. We reviewed their laboratory tests and medical histories associated with HSP onset. The annual incidence of HSP was 8.13-9.17 per 100 000 in Anhui province. HSP occurred more commonly in spring and winter than in summer with an obvious west-to-east gradient. Cutaneous purpura was the most prevalent manifestation (100%), followed by arthritis/arthralgias (43.67%), abdominal pain (40.17%) and renal involvement (18.17%). On admission, series of potential infections were identified in 611 patients (50.92%). The histories of allergy, injury, surgery, vaccination and tick bite were declared by 231 patients (19.25%), 15 patients (1.25%), 12 patients (1.00%), 4 patients (0.33%) and 3 patients (0.25%), respectively. However, predisposing factors could not be identified in 521 children with HSP (43.42%) yet. 123 cases (10.25%) relapsed or recurred more than one time; the mean number was 2.92, and the mean interval was 11.4 weeks. The infection is the most frequent predisposing factor regardless of clinical phenotypes and relapse/recurrence, whereas the clinical manifestations exhibit an obvious heterogenicity according to different predisposing factors.

15.
Int J Mol Med ; 43(1): 535-546, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30365152

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to determine whether fibroblast growth factor (FGF)­23 could serve as a novel biomarker for renal osteodystrophy (ROD) progression. A rat model of ROD was induced by left nephrectomy plus intravenous injection of Adriamycin. Serum FGF­23 was determined using an enzyme­linked immunosorbent assay. Serum level and bone expression of FGF­23 were both significantly elevated in the ROD group at 24 h post­surgery. Serum FGF­23 was negatively correlated with calcium, phosphate, 25­hydroxyvitamin D, conventional bone biomarkers and bone collagen X. More importantly, serum FGF­23 was significantly associated with abnormalities in bone formation rate, osteoblasts, osteoclasts, trabecular volume thickness and osteoid volume. Therefore, FGF­23 may serve as a novel biomarker for ROD.


Assuntos
Distúrbio Mineral e Ósseo na Doença Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Distúrbio Mineral e Ósseo na Doença Renal Crônica/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Distúrbio Mineral e Ósseo na Doença Renal Crônica/sangue , Distúrbio Mineral e Ósseo na Doença Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Colágeno Tipo X/metabolismo , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/sangue , Glucuronidase/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo
16.
J Trop Pediatr ; 2018 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30462335

RESUMO

Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common infectious disease among children, caused primarily by human enterovirus-A71 (EV-A71) and coxsackievirus-A16 (CV-A16). To date, only two case reports mention that renal involvement can be secondary to or coexisting with CV-A16-associated HFMD. In the present report, we describe a 10-year-old girl who was infected with EV-A71 and subsequently developed a definite acute kidney injury (AKI), mainly based on the characteristic rash, virus isolation, eyelid edema, hypertension, decreased urine output, mild proteinuria and impaired renal function. She was treated with intravenous ribavirin, immunoglobulin, oral administration of nifedipine and ramipril. After 7 days of intensive observations, she recovered fully. Hypertension is a common feature in both HFMD and AKI. On one hand, hypertension serves as a risk factor for severe HFMD; on the other hand, hypertension induces AKI onset and is also deteriorated by AKI.

17.
J Interferon Cytokine Res ; 38(11): 500-509, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335543

RESUMO

C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is believed to be produced locally in the kidneys and possess several renoprotective properties. In contrast, fibroblast growth factor (FGF) -23 elevates in the early stage of chronic kidney disease and predicts its outcomes. Currently, several studies have demonstrated that CNP and FGF-23 act through a close pathway, and moreover, FGF-23/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) can be obviously suppressed by CNP. In the present study, human mesangial cells (MCs) were incubated in serum-containing medium in the absence or presence of CNP (0, 10 and 100 pM) for 24, 48 and 72 h, respectively. CNP administration significantly suppresses MCs proliferation in a time- and dose-dependent manner. As a down-stream signaling of CNP activation, the expressions of natriuretic peptide receptor (NPR)-B, cyclic guanosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinases II and NPR-C were obviously augmented, whereas neutral endopeptidase expression was significantly decreased after CNP treatment in MCs. FGF-23, FGF receptor-1 and RAF-1 experienced a pronounced down-regulation in MCs with different doses of CNP throughout the whole observational period. CNP may dampen FGF-23 expression via MAPK signaling pathway in MCs.

18.
Biosci Rep ; 2018 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30341248

RESUMO

In consider of its noninvasive administration and endogenous stimulation property, the enhancement of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) via low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) could be a novel strategy for aluminum overload-induced cerebral damage. LIPUS was pretreated 7 days before concomitantly given with aluminum chloride (AlCl3) daily for a period of 42 days. Morris water maze and elevated plus maze were performed to analyze spatial learning and memory. Western Blot and immunoprecipitation were used to detect BDNF and histone acetylation of H3K9 and H4K12 in the hippocampus. Assay of Malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) indicated the extent of oxidative damages. Aluminum exposure in rats can cause attenuated spatial learning and memory, followed by up-regulated HDAC6 expression, down-regulated H3K9 and H4K12 acetylation at the PIII and PIV promoter of BDNF, all of which will eventually inhibit BDNF expression. LIPUS can recover reduced cognitive function by restoring histone acetylation and BDNF expression, accompanied with increased SOD, GSH, and GSH-Px activity. LIPUS treatment might alleviate aluminum exposure induced cognitive decline by acetylation regulation of BDNF expression and reducing oxidative stress in the hippocampus.

19.
Heart ; 2018 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30061161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Studies investigating the impact of chocolate consumption on cardiovascular disease (CVD) have reached inconsistent conclusions. As such, a quantitative assessment of the dose-response association between chocolate consumption and incident CVD has not been reported. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies assessing the risk of CVD with chocolate consumption. METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched for articles published up to 6 June 2018. Restricted cubic splines were used to model the dose-response association. RESULTS: Fourteen publications (23 studies including 405 304 participants and 35 093 cases of CVD) were included in the meta-analysis. The summary of relative risk (RR) per 20 g/week increase in chocolate consumption was 0.982 (95% CI 0.972 to 0.992, I2=50.4%, n=18) for CVD (heart failure: 0.995 (0.981 to 1.010, I2=36.3%, n=5); total stroke: 0.956 (0.932 to 0.980, I2=25.5%, n=7); cerebral infarction: 0.952 (0.917 to 0.988, I2=0.0%, n=4); haemorrhagic stroke: 0.931 (0.871 to 0.994, I2=0.0%, n=4); myocardial infarction: 0.981 (0.964 to 0.997, I2=0.0%, n=3); coronary heart disease: 0.986 (0.973 to 0.999, n=1)). A non-linear dose-response (pnon-linearity=0.001) indicated that the most appropriate dose of chocolate consumption for reducing risk of CVD was 45 g/week (RR 0.890;95%CI 0.849 to 0.932). CONCLUSIONS: Chocolate consumption may be associated with reduced risk of CVD at <100 g/week consumption. Higher levels may negate the health benefits and induce adverse effects associated with high sugar consumption.

20.
Biosci Rep ; 38(6)2018 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30049844

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an important public health problem, and it has few treatment options given its poorly understood etiology; however, epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) of pneumocytes has been implicated as a factor. Herein, we aimed to explore the underlying mechanisms of lung fibrosis mediated by EMT, with a focus on the alternative splicing of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2), using bleomycin (BLM)-induced lung fibrotic and transgenic mouse models. We employed BLM-induced and surfactant protein C (SPC)-Cre and LacZ double transgenic mouse models. The results showed that EMT occurred during lung fibrosis. BLM inhibited the expression of epithelial splicing regulatory protein 1 (ESRP1), resulting in enhanced alternative splicing of FGFR2 to the mesenchymal isoform IIIc. BLM-induced lung fibrosis was also associated with the activation of TGF-ß/Smad signaling. These findings have implications for rationally targetted strategies to therapeutically address IPF.

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