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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 583: 178-187, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002690

RESUMO

A highly efficient inverted polymer solar cell (PSC) has been successfully demonstrated by utilizing a wide bandgap magnesium oxide (MgO) film and ZnO stacked structure as an effective cathode interfacial layer. The MgO/ZnO bilayer structure is designed to combine the superiorities of both ZnO ETL and MgO film, based on the efficiency comparison of the PSCs without and with MgO interlayer. The ZnO film can serve as an efficient electron transport layer (ETL), while the MgO layer can reduce the surface defects of FTO and block the holes effectively, leading to an elevated electron collection and suppressed carrier recombination at the interface. With the excellent dual functions interface characteristics induced by the MgO/ZnO stacked films, the corresponding inverted PSC device based on the PTB7-Th:PC71BM photoactive layer system presents a superior power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 11.02%, which is higher than that of the PSC without MgO (8.79%). We believe that the MgO/ZnO bilayer structure is a superior interfacial contender for the organic photovoltaics and other photoelectric devices requiring cathode interfacial layers.

2.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 1560-1563, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018290

RESUMO

The characteristics of diabetic retinopathy (DR) fundus images generally consist of multiple types of lesions which provided strong evidence for the ophthalmologists to make diagnosis. It is particularly significant to figure out an efficient method to not only accurately classify DR fundus images but also recognize all kinds of lesions on them. In this paper, a deep learning-based multi-label classification model with Gradient-weighted Class Activation Mapping (Grad-CAM) was proposed, which can both make DR classification and automatically locate the regions of different lesions. To reducing laborious annotation work and improve the efficiency of labeling, this paper innovatively considered different types of lesions as different labels for a fundus image so that this paper changed the task of lesion detection into that of image classification. A total of five labels were pre-defined and 3228 fundus images were collected for developing our model. The architecture of deep learning model was designed by ourselves based on ResNet. Through experiments on the test images, this method acquired a sensitive of 93.9% and a specificity of 94.4% on DR classification. Moreover, the corresponding regions of lesions were reasonably outlined on the DR fundus images.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Diabetes Mellitus , Retinopatia Diabética , Retinopatia Diabética/diagnóstico por imagem , Fundo de Olho , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893390

RESUMO

Exciplex-forming hosts with thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) provide a viable opportunity to unlock the full potential of the yet-to-be improved power efficiencies (PEs) and stabilities of all-fluorescent white organic light-emitting diodes (WOLEDs), but this, however, is hindered by the lack of stable blue exciplexes. Here, an advanced exciplex system is proposed by incorporating bipolar charge-transport π-spacers into both the electron-donor (D) and the electron-accepter (A) to increase their distance for hypsochromic-shifted emission while maintaining the superior transporting ability. By using spirofluorene as the π-spacer, 3,3'-bicarbazole as the D-unit, and 2,4,6-triphenyl-1,3,5-triazine as the A-unit, a π-D and π-A exciplex with sky-blue emission and fast reverse intersystem crossing process is thereof constructed. Combining this exciplex-forming host, a blue TADF-sensitizer, and a yellow conventional fluorescent dopant in a single-emissive-layer, the fabricated warm-white-emissive device simultaneously exhibits a low driving voltage of 3.08 V, an external quantum efficiency of 21.4%, and a remarkable T80 (time to 80% of the initial luminance) of >8200 h at 1000 cd m-2 , accompanied by a new benchmark PE of 69.6 lm W-1 among all-fluorescent WOLEDs.

4.
J Diabetes Complications ; : 107712, 2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the association of the ratio of non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C/HDL-C) and its dynamic changes with incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: A total of 11,487 nondiabetic participants ≥18 years old in rural China were recruited in 2007-2008 and followed up in 2013-2014. A Cox proportional-hazards model was used to assess the risk of incident T2DM by quartiles of baseline non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio and dynamic absolute and relative changes in non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio, estimating hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Risk of incident T2DM was increased with quartiles 2, 3, and 4 versus quartile 1 of baseline non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio (HR 1.46 [95% CI 1.08-1.98], 1.51 [1.12-2.03], and 2.16 [1.62-2.88], Ptrend < 0.001). As compared with stable non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio during follow-up, an absolute gain in non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio was associated with increased risk of T2DM (HR 1.67 [95% CI 1.25-2.24] for quartile 3 and 2.00 [1.52-2.61] for quartile 4). A relative increase in non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio was also associated with increased risk of T2DM (HR 1.56 [95% CI 1.19-2.04] for quartile 3 and 1.97 [1.49-2.60] for quartile 4). Subgroup analyses showed that the association of non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio with T2DM risk remained consistent. CONCLUSIONS: Increased non-HDL-C/HDL-C ratio is associated with increased risk of incident T2DM among rural Chinese adults, so the index may be an important indicator for identifying individuals at T2DM risk.

5.
Commun Biol ; 3(1): 502, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913254

RESUMO

The analyses of multi-omics data have revealed candidate genes for objective traits. However, they are integrated poorly, especially in non-model organisms, and they pose a great challenge for prioritizing candidate genes for follow-up experimental verification. Here, we present a general convolutional neural network model that integrates multi-omics information to prioritize the candidate genes of objective traits. By applying this model to Sus scrofa, which is a non-model organism, but one of the most important livestock animals, the model precision was 72.9%, recall 73.5%, and F1-Measure 73.4%, demonstrating a good prediction performance compared with previous studies in Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa. Additionally, to facilitate the use of the model, we present ISwine ( http://iswine.iomics.pro/ ), which is an online comprehensive knowledgebase in which we incorporated almost all the published swine multi-omics data. Overall, the results suggest that the deep learning strategy will greatly facilitate analyses of multi-omics integration in the future.

6.
Nat Prod Bioprospect ; 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32954471

RESUMO

Two new 2H-pyran-2-one glucosides, cuscutarosides A (1) and B (2), and one new steroidal glucoside, 7ß-methoxy-ß-sitosterol 3-O-ß-glucopyranoside (3), together with 12 known compounds (4-15) were isolated from the whole plant of Cuscuta reflexa (Convolvulaceae) collected from Myanmar. The chemical structures of these new compounds were elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic analysis. The antiobesity activity of these isolates was evaluated using porcine pancreatic lipase (PPL), and the antiplatelet aggregation activity was screened using rabbit platelets induced by thrombin, platelet-activating factor (PAF), arachidonate (AA), or collagen. 7ß-Methoxy-ß-sitosterol 3-O-ß-glucopyranoside (3) showed weak PPL inhibitory activity. Cuscutaroside A (1), its acetylated derivative (1a), and scrophenoside B (8) showed weak inhibitory activity against rabbit platelet aggregation induced by collagen. Compound 1a also showed inhibitory activity against rabbit platelet aggregation induced by AA.

7.
Mar Environ Res ; 162: 105151, 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956972

RESUMO

This study investigated the physicochemical surface changes of various plastics caused by indigenous communities. The first invading microbes on plastics in 4 different aquatic communities including seawater, freshwater, marine sediments and lake sediments were developed in microcosm incubation experiments. A mixture of weathered plastics (PE, PS, PET) was incubated with different indigenous communities under their respective habitat simulations. All microbial communities were able to form populations on all plastic surfaces with time-dependent development. Biofilm also affected floatation of plastics and the communities on PE foam (PF) were dominated by genera affiliated with plastic and hydrocarbon degraders. The results showed that indigenous populations were able to degrade plastic pieces and utilize them as carbon sources where the weight of PF was reduced more effectively than PS and PET. Besides, carbonyl groups that were seen with FTIR on initial PF disappeared after microbial treatment along with signs of bioerosion on the plastic surface.

8.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 10(9)2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858933

RESUMO

Ammonia modified graphene-carbon nanotubes/continuous carbon fiber reinforced epoxy unidirectional multiscale composites (AMGNS-MWCNT/CFEP) were prepared by adding ammonia modified graphene and carbon nanotubes to an epoxy matrix to reduce agglomeration of carbon nanofillers in the epoxy matrix and improve composites properties. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and universal testing machines were used to characterize the properties of carbon nanofillers, AMGNS-MWCNT/epoxy nanocomposites, and AMGNS-MWCNT/CFEP unidirectional composites. When the AMGNS-MWCNT content was 1.0 wt%, flexural strength, the flexural modulus and interlaminar shear strength of AMGNS-MWCNT/CFEP unidirectional composites reached the maximum value of 1520.3 MPa, 138.88 GPa, and 87.80 MPa, respectively, which were 12.5%, 9.42%, and 10.1% higher than that of carbon fiber reinforced epoxy unidirectional composites (CFEP). The synergistic mechanism of two carbon nanofillers in the matrix is discussed.

9.
Eur J Med Chem ; 205: 112508, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738350

RESUMO

Herein a series of Geniposide derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated as protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTPlB) inhibitors. Most of these compounds exhibited potent in vitro PTP1B inhibitory activities, the representative 7a and 17f were found to be the most potent inhibitors against the enzyme with IC50 values of 0.35 and 0.41 µM, respectively. More importantly, they showcased 4 to10-fold selectivity over SHP2 and 3-fold over TCPTP. Further biological activity studies revealed that compounds 7a, 17b and 17f could effectively enhance insulin-stimulated glucose uptake with no significant cytotoxicity. Subsequent molecular docking and structural activity relationship analyses demonstrated that the glucose scaffold, benzylated glycosyl groups, and arylethenesulfonic acid ester significantly impact on the activity and selectivity.

10.
Chem Biol Interact ; 330: 109232, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32860822

RESUMO

Currently, whether nod-like receptor family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation contributes to neuropathy induced by 2,5-Hexanedione (HD), the toxic metabolite of n-hexane, remains unknown. In this study, we found that HD intoxication elevated NLRP3 expression, caspase-1 activation and interleukin-1ß production in sciatic nerve of rats, indicating activation of NLRP3 inflammasome. The increased cleavage of gasdermin D (GSDMD) protein, an important mediator of pyroptosis, and axon degeneration were also observed in sciatic nerves of HD-intoxicated rats. Interestingly, glybenclamide, a widely used inhibitor of NLRP3 inflammasome, significantly reduced NLRP3 inflammasome activation, which was associated with decreased GSDMD cleavage and axon degeneration as well as improved motor performance of HD-intoxicated rats. Subsequently, we found that inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome by glybenclamide attenuated macrophage infiltration, activation and M1 polarization in sciatic nerves of HD-intoxicated rats. Furthermore, decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) contents and increased glutathione (GSH) level and total anti-oxidative capacity were also observed in sciatic nerves of rats treated with combined glybenclamide and HD compared with HD alone group. Altogether, our findings suggest that NLRP3 inflammasome activation contributes to HD-induced neurotoxicity by enhancing macrophage infiltration and activation as well as oxidative stress, providing a novel mechanism of neuropathy induced by this neurotoxicant.


Assuntos
Hexanonas/toxicidade , Macrófagos/patologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/farmacologia , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/etiologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Glibureto/farmacologia , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo , Proteínas de Ligação a Fosfato/metabolismo , Piroptose , Ratos , Nervo Isquiático/metabolismo , Nervo Isquiático/patologia
11.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; 29(2): 309-321, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32674239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Many studies have investigated the association between dietary iron intake and death due to cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the results were inconsistent. We performed a dose-response meta- analysis to quantitatively assess the risk of CVD mortality with dietary intake of iron (total iron, heme iron, and non-heme iron). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: PubMed and Embase databases were searched for articles published up to February 21, 2019. Prospective cohort studies were included if reporting relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for risk of CVD mortality associated with dietary iron intake. Restricted cubic splines were used to model the dose-response association. RESULTS: We included eight articles (19 studies including 720,427 participants [46,045 deaths due to CVD]) in the meta-analysis. When comparing the highest versus lowest level of dietary heme iron intake, the pooled RR for CVD mortality was 1.19 (95% CI, 1.01-1.39). With a 1-mg/day increase in dietary heme iron intake, the pooled RR for death due to CVD, stroke, coronary heart disease, and myocardial infarction were 1.25 (95% CI, 1.17-1.33), 1.17 (1.04-1.32), 1.25 (0.70-2.22), and 1.17 (0.55-2.50) respectively. The association between dietary iron intake and CVD mortality was linear (pnonlinearity> 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Higher dietary intake of heme iron was associated with a greater risk of CVD mortality. Reducing consumption of heme iron may help to prevent premature death due to CVD.

12.
Pathol Res Pract ; 216(8): 153002, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32703484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC), one of the most common causes of malignant tumors, is characterized by a high degree of heterogeneity, which represents a bottleneck in gaining comprehensive insights into its pathogenesis. Negative regulator of ubiquitin-like proteins 1 (NUB1) is a transcription factor that negatively regulates ubiquitylation system. Although the abnormal expression of NUB1 has been reported in many types of cancer, its expression pattern and functions in GC are poorly understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The link between NUB1 expression and clinicopathological characteristics was analyzed by immunohistochemical staining, and the suitability of NUB1 as a prognostic marker was explored using a public database on mRNA expression levels. NUB1 overexpression was performed by lentiviral transfection. Cell proliferation was estimated using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. The effect on NUB1 on cell cycle was analyzed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). Real-time PCR (RT-PCR) and western blotting experiments were used to explore the mechanism of p27Kip1 regulation by NUB1. Cell migration and invasion were determined by wound healing and transwell assays, respectively. Expression levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) indicator proteins were determined by western blotting. RESULTS: In this study, based on a comparative analysis of cancer tissues from 116 post-operative GC patients with the respective paracancerous healthy tissues, we found that NUB1 was downregulated in GC tissues. At the same time, a low expression level of NUB1 was closely related to poor prognosis. Results from In vitro cancer cell experiments verified that overexpressed NUB1 inhibited GC proliferation, migration, and invasion. In addition, NUB1 upregulated the expression of p27Kip1 and blocked the G1/S phase transition in cell cycle. Finally, NUB1 inhibited the process of EMT by upregulating E-cadherin and downregulating N-cadherin, vimentin, and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2). CONCLUSION: Reduced NUB1 levels were positively associated to poor prognosis of GC, whereas NUB1 overexpression inhibited the proliferation and blocked the G1/S phase transition in GC cells. This may be strongly coupled to the post-translational modification mechanism (PTM), which could, in turn, reduce the level of ubiquitinylated p27Kip1 and upregulate its expression. In addition, NUB1 overexpression inhibited GC migration and invasion by regulating EMT. In view of the positive tumor-suppressive effect of NUB1 on GC occurrence and progression reported here, this study enhances our understanding of the molecular mechanism of NUB1-mediated GC regulation, and may provide insights into novel drug targets or anti-tumor strategies with better accuracy and efficacy.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618031

RESUMO

Pure green emitters are essential for realizing an ultrawide color gamut in next-generation displays. Herein, by fusing the difficult-to-access aza-aromatics onto B (boron)-N (nitrogen) skeleton, a hybridized multi-resonance and charge transfer (HMCT) molecule AZA-BN was successfully synthesized through an effective one-shot multiple cyclization method. AZA-BN shows pure green fluorescence with photoluminance quantum yield of 99.7 %. The corresponding green device exhibits a maximum external quantum efficiency and power efficiency of 28.2 % and 121.7 lm W-1 , respectively, with a full width half maximum (FWHM) of merely 30 nm and Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) coordinate y of 0.69, representing the purest green bottom-emitting organic light-emitting diode.

14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 12196, 2020 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32699325

RESUMO

In situ TiCp was fabricated via combustion synthesis in an Al-Ti-C system. The quality of copper plating was easily observable on the surface of spherical in situ TiCp. A study was conducted to assess the influences of the stirring method, plating temperature and particle-to-solution ratio. According to the results, magnetic stirring is an advantageous stirring method. During the plating process, the plating quality reaches the maximum level at 303 K under magnetic stirring. Moreover, uniform and dense plating is achieved when the particle-to-solution ratio reaches 1 g/100 ml. The concentration of solution and ion activity can affect the speed at which Cu2+ is attached to the growing core, which plays a significant role in the quality of copper plating.

15.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(2): 564-573, 2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608715

RESUMO

In this study, 30 PM2.5 samples were collected from the atmosphere in Changchun City in the autumn of 2017. The concentration and composition characteristics of 17 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the samples were analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The diagnostic ratio and principal component analysis method were used to determine the source of PAHs pollution. The health risk assessment was carried out by both calculating the equivalent carcinogenic concentration of benzo(a)pyrene and the lifetime risk of cancer. Results show that the average PM2.5 concentration in autumn in Changchun is (50.84±12.23) µg·m-3, and the content of organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) are (17.07±5.64) µg·m-3 and (1.33±0.75) µg·m-3, respectively, accounting for 37% of the total PM2.5. The total concentration of PAHs is (15.69±5.93) ng·m-3, which was dominated by medium- to high-ring-number PAHs, accounting for 84.26% of total PAHs. The atmospheric PAHs in Changchun mainly originate from motor vehicle exhaust emissions (44.48%) > coal combustion (29.16%) > biomass burning (26.36%), local transportation (gasoline vehicles) emissions being the main source of pollution. The average carcinogenic concentration of benzo(a)pyrene is in the range of 1.55 ng·m-3 and 5.38 ng·m-3, and the average carcinogenic equivalent concentration is (6.44±1.53) ng·m-3, which is generally considered a slight pollution level. The ingestion of PAHs by breathing is the most harmful to the health of adult women, followed by adult males and children, however since the lifetime carcinogenic risk value of the entire population did not exceed 1×10-6, their health risks are considered to be at acceptable levels.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco , Adulto , Criança , China , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos
16.
Angiogenesis ; 23(4): 651-666, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32710309

RESUMO

Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are ectatic capillary-venous malformations that develop in approximately 0.5% of the population. Patients with CCMs may develop headaches, focal neurologic deficits, seizures, and hemorrhages. While symptomatic CCMs, depending upon the anatomic location, can be surgically removed, there is currently no pharmaceutical therapy to treat CCMs. Several mouse models have been developed to better understand CCM pathogenesis and test therapeutics. The most common mouse models induce a large CCM burden that is anatomically restricted to the cerebellum and contributes to lethality in the early days of life. These inducible models thus have a relatively short period for drug administration. We developed an inducible CCM3 mouse model that develops CCMs after weaning and provides a longer period for potential therapeutic intervention. Using this new model, three recently proposed CCM therapies, fasudil, tempol, vitamin D3, and a combination of the three drugs, failed to substantially reduce CCM formation when treatment was administered for 5 weeks, from postnatal day 21 (P21) to P56. We next restricted Ccm3 deletion to the brain vasculature and provided greater time (121 days) for CCMs to develop chronic hemorrhage, recapitulating the human lesions. We also developed the first model of acute CCM hemorrhage by injecting mice harboring CCMs with lipopolysaccharide. These efficient models will enable future drug studies to more precisely target clinically relevant features of CCM disease: CCM formation, chronic hemorrhage, and acute hemorrhage.

17.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 30(10): 1732-1741, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624344

RESUMO

AIMS: To explore the association between WWI and the incidence of HTN in the Rural Chinese Cohort Study. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined data for 10,338 non-hypertensive participants (39.49% men) aged ≥ 18 years from the Rural Chinese Cohort Study who completed a baseline examination during 2007-2008 and follow-up during 2013-2014. WWI was calculated as waist circumference (cm) divided by the square root of weight (kg). Multiple logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the probability of HTN across four WWI categories. Restricted cubic splines analysis was used to model the dose-response association of WWI and HTN. A total of 2078 participants had HTN during a median follow-up of 6 years. After adjusting for potential confounders, as compared with the lowest WWI category (<9.94 cm/√kg), with WWI 9.94 to 10.42, 10.42 to 10.91 and ≥ 10.91 cm/√kg, the ORs (95% CIs) for HTN were 1.12 (0.93-1.35), 1.40 (1.17-1.69) and 1.50 (1.24-1.82), respectively. Results of the sensitivity analyses were robust. The ORs were generally consistent on subgroup analysis by sex, smoking status, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. Multiple logistic regression models with restricted cubic splines showed a non-linear positive association between WWI and HTN (Pnonlinearity < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The highest WWI category was significantly associated with increased risk of HTN. Our findings may facilitate the development and promotion of obesity prevention strategies aimed at reducing the risk of HTN and provide evidence for healthcare policy in rural China.

18.
Carbohydr Polym ; 240: 116329, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32475588

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a difficult therapeutic hematological tumor. It is urgent to find a non-toxic natural drug to treat AML. Herein, the selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) embedded in nanotubes consisted of triple helix ß-(1, 3)-d-glucan (BFP) from the black fungus that were wrapped to form stable inclusion complex BFP-Se, which was self-assembled and exhibited high stability in water. In vitro, the BFP-Se significantly inhibited the proliferation of AML cells and increased the cytotoxicity on AML cells. On single-cell levels, the U937 cells were gradually swelled and lysed with BFP-Se treatment on optofluidics chips. Further, the blood and bone marrow analysis indicated the anti-leukemia effects of BFP-Se in vivo. Moreover, BFP-Se increased the total antioxidant capacity of AML cells and decreased the expression of c-Jun activation domain-binding protein 1 and thioredoxin 1. Our results suggest that this biocompatible polysaccharide nanotube containing Se nanoparticles would provide a novel strategy for AML therapy.

19.
Cell Death Differ ; 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32587379

RESUMO

Despite recent advances in our understanding of the function of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), their roles and functions in DNA repair pathways remain poorly understood. By screening a panel of uncharacterized lncRNAs to identify those whose transcription is induced by double-strand breaks (DSBs), we identified a novel lncRNA referred to as LRIK that interacts with Ku, which enhances the ability of the Ku heterodimer to detect the presence of DSBs. Here, we show that depletion of LRIK generates significantly enhanced sensitivity to DSB-inducing agents and reduced DSB repair efficiency. In response to DSBs, LRIK enhances the recruitment of repair factors at DSB sites and facilitates γH2AX signaling. Our results demonstrate that LRIK is necessary for efficient repairing DSBs via nonhomologous end-joining pathway.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 736: 139731, 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502789

RESUMO

Supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) is a technology that can oxidize various organic (wet) wastes into CO2. Complete oxidation of specific organics with SCWO goes in tandem with tailored conditions, typically involving elevated operating temperatures, long residence times, high oxidizer-to-waste ratios, or a combination of those, which promote difficulties, e.g., corrosion. These challenges hamper the practical implementation of SCWO, albeit SCWO offers excellent oxidation efficiencies. This work proposes a novel process combining mild supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) with membrane filtration to enhance the oxidation of organics. The modified SCWO works at mild reaction conditions (i.e., 380 °C, 25 MPa and oxidizer equivalence ratios as low as 1.5) to potentially decrease the risks. The membrane filtration discards clean effluent and recycles the retentate (containing incomplete oxidized organics) back to the mild SCWO process for further oxidation, thereafter resulting in near-complete removal of organics. Fresh feed is continuously added, as in the conventional process, along with recycled retentate to guarantee the throughput of the modified SCWO process. A mixture of SCWO-resistant volatile fatty acids (TOC = 4000 mg·L-1) was studied to validate the proposed process. The proposed process in this study enhances the organic decomposition from 43.2% to 100% at mild conditions with only 10% capacity loss. CO2 was the dominant gas product with traces of CO and H2. Carbon output in the gas products increased with recirculation and got close to the carbon input of the freshly added feed ultimately. The results indicated that the proposed process maximized the benefits of both technologies, which allows the development of a technological process for supercritical water oxidation, as well as a new stratagem for waste treatment.

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