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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 264: 113206, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32750460

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Berberine is generally extracted from Rhizoma Coptidis (Coptis chinensis Franch), a traditional Chinese medicine, which can be used in the treatment of intestinal diseases, respiratory infections and cardiovascular diseases. Berberine is especially effective for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea because of the effect of heat-clearing and detoxifying in traditional Chinese medicine theory. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to examine the protective effect of berberine (BBR) on the damaged colonic epithelial barrier caused by peritoneal dialysis fluid (PDF). METHODS: The damage to intestinal epithelial barrier was examined by intraperitoneally injecting 4.25% dextrose-containing PDF in mice and establishing a long-term PD model in rats with renal failure. Then, the therapeutic potential of berberine on PD-related colonic injuries was examined. T84 colonic epithelial cells were used to test the effect of PDF and berberine in vitro. The damaging effect of PDF and the protective effect of berberine were evaluated by histology staining, histofluorescence and transmission electron microscopy. The migration of colonic epithelial cell and actin-related protein 2 (Arp2) were tested by wound healing assay and Western blot to determine the possible mechanism in vitro. RESULTS: PD administration induced intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction in the colon, and berberine alleviated the injury by increasing the tight junction and adhesion junction protein, both in vivo and in vitro. Berberine could also improve the morphology of microvillus. In the wound healing assay, berberine exhibited the ability to promote cell migration, indicating that berberine could probably recover the function of intestinal epithelial cells when the intestinal epithelial barrier was damaged by the PDF. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates that berberine can ameliorate intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction in the colon caused by long-term PDF through improving cell migration.

2.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33247389

RESUMO

Pea flour was extruded at 50, 70, and 90 °C. The in vitro digestibility and characteristics of native and extruded pea flour were investigated. The in vitro starch digestibility (IVSD) and in vitro protein digestibility (IVPD) of the extruded pea flour were higher than those of the native pea flour and increased with increasing extrusion temperature from 50 to 90 °C. The rapidly digestible starch increased to 28.34% at 90 °C, the highest slowly digestible starch (SDS) content was 22.70% at 50 °C, and resistant starch content decreased to 4.71% at 90 °C. The IVPD increased from 80.94% relative to the native pea flour to 90.21% at 90 °C. Improved swelling power enabled the extruded pea flour to exhibit better performance and higher breakdown viscosity and lower setback viscosity than the native pea flour demonstrated that extrusion reduced the thermal stability and retrogradation tendency. Increasing extrusion temperatures greatly reduced the relative crystallinity (based on X-ray diffraction analysis) from 32.69% relative to the native pea flour to 9.76% at 90 °C. Extrusion treatment also reduced ß-sheet content (based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis) from 36.40% relative to the native pea flour to 31.79% at 90 °C. IVPD and IVSD improved, and the SDS content increased at 50 °C and 70 °C, thereby indicating that extruded pea flour can be applied to healthy food products.

3.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(4): 2925-2931, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945398

RESUMO

Previous studies have suggested that pathogenic variants in interferon regulatoryse factor 6 (IRF6) can account for almost 70% of familial Van der Woude Syndrome (VWS) cases. However, gene modifiers that account for the phenotypic variability of IRF6 in the context of VWS remain poorly characterized. The aim of this study was to report a family with VWS with variable expressivity and to identify the genetic cause. A 4­month­old boy initially presented with cleft palate and bilateral lower lip pits. Examination of his family history identified similar, albeit milder, clinical features in another four family members, including bilateral lower lip pits and/or hypodontia. Peripheral blood samples of eight members in this three­generation family were subsequently collected, and whole­exome sequencing was performed to detect pathogenic variants. A heterozygous missense IRF6 variant with a c.1198C>T change in exon 9 (resulting in an R400W change at the amino acid level) was detected in five affected subjects, but not in the other three unaffected subjects. Moreover, subsequent structural analysis was indicative of damaged stability to the structure in the mutant IRF protein. Whole­transcriptome sequencing, expression analysis and Gene Ontology enrichment analysis were conducted on two groups of patients with phenotypic diversity from the same family. These analyses identified significant differentially expressed genes and enriched pathways in these two groups. Altogether, these findings provide insight into the mechanism underlying the variable expressivity of VWS.

4.
Food Chem ; 332: 127375, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622189

RESUMO

Biopolymer films based on chitosan/potato protein/linseed oil/ZnO NPs were developed to maintain the storage quality of raw meat. Results indicated that the incorporation of ZnO NPs could effectively improve the transparency and tensile strength of the films, while addition of linseed oil could make the composite film maintain good elastic property. Films blended with chitosan/potato protein/linseed oil/ZnO NPs (Fcpzl) exhibited an excellent moisture barrier capability. SEM showed that ZnO NPs could harmoniously exist in various polymers matrix. FTIR analysis demonstrated that different components were bound together by intramolecular and intermolecular interactions, among which hydrogen bonds were the main force. Raw meat samples were wrapped with different films to evaluate the preservative effect during 4 °C storage. Results indicated that Fcpzl possessed best protective effect of raw meat with excellent acceptable sensory properties during 7 days storage, which could reduce the speed of increasing pH and total bacterial counts.


Assuntos
Quitosana/química , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Armazenamento de Alimentos/métodos , Óleo de Semente do Linho/química , Carne , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Óxido de Zinco/química , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Carne/microbiologia , Solanum tuberosum/química , Resistência à Tração
5.
Shock ; 54(6): 819-827, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496418

RESUMO

Na/H exchanger 1 (NHE1) is a ubiquitously expressed protein on mammalian plasma membranes and involved in cell apoptosis and tissue injury. Our previous study found that NHE1 inhibition prevents burn-induced acute lung injury (ALI). However, the potential mechanism of NHE1 in burn-induced ALI is still unclear. This study investigated the role of NHE1 in burn-induced apoptosis of human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells. Based on the western blot analyses, real-time PCR, fluorescence spectroscopy, and apoptosis analysis, we found that burn serum significantly induced NHE1 activation, promoted intracellular Na accumulation, and elevated apoptosis ratio. Inhibition of NHE1 with cariporide reversed burn-induced intracellular Na accumulation and cell apoptosis. Different doses of cariporide also significantly decreased Cai concentrations and calpain activity induced by burn serum. Furthermore, inhibition of PI3K contributed to the increase of NHE1 activation and cell apoptosis, whereas the inhibition of p38 MAPK led to inhibition of NHE1 activation and significant decreases of cell apoptosis. The data demonstrate that NHE1 activation facilitates burn-induced endothelial cell apoptosis, mediated by Ca-dependent pathway. PI3K-Akt and p38 MAPK were found to be upstream regulators of NHE1. This study provides new mechanisms underlying burn-induced ALI.

6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(12)2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32560177

RESUMO

In this paper, we present a fully printed accelerometer with a piezoresistive carbon paste-based strain gauge printed on its surface, which can be manufactured at low cost and with high efficiency. This accelerometer is composed of two parts: a sensor substrate made from high-temperature resin, which is printed by a 3D printer based on stereolithography apparatus (SLA), and a carbon paste-based strain gauge fabricated by screen-printing technology and by direct ink writing (DIW) technology for the purposes of comparison and optimization. First, the structural design, theoretical analysis, simulation analysis of the accelerometer, and analyses of the conductive mechanism and the piezoresistive mechanism of the carbon paste-based strain gauge were carried out. Then the proposed accelerometer was fabricated by a combination of different printing technologies and the curing conditions of the carbon paste were investigated. After that, the accelerometers with the screen-printed strain gauge and DIW strain gauge were characterized. The results show that the printing precision of the screen-printing process on the sensor substrate is higher than the DIW process, and both accelerometers can perform acceleration measurement. Also, this kind of accelerometer can be used in the field of measuring body motion. All these findings prove that 3D printing technology is a significant method for sensor fabrication and verification.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 735: 139545, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32480157

RESUMO

A continuous peat sequence collected in the southern Altai Mountains provides a new opportunity to reconstruct the Holocene vegetation and moisture history in the Arid Central Asia. Based on pollen data of 190 samples with a chronologic support of eight AMS dates from a 380-cm core at Tuolehaite (TLHT) Peat, the Holocene moisture variations in the southern Altai Mountains of China were reconstructed. The reconstruction revealed a wet early Holocene (~10,600-~8500cal. yr BP), a considerably dry middle Holocene (~8500-~4000 cal. yr BP) and a resumed wet late Holocene (~4000-0 cal. yr BP). The Holocene moisture reconstruction is generally corroborated by other reviewed sequences from the southern Altai Mountains and the surrounding areas. According to the analysis of modern sources of precipatable water vapor for the southern Altai Mountains, the Holocene moisture variations in the southern Altai Mountains were proposed to have been causally associated with the variations in the sea surface temperature (SST) in the North Atlantic Ocean and also with the variations in the strength of Siberian High Pressure in the core of the Eurasian continent.

8.
J Biomed Mater Res A ; 108(8): 1760-1773, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32276293

RESUMO

We developed a stromal cell-derived factor-1 alpha (SDF-1α)-aligned silk fibroin (SF)/three-dimensional porous bladder acellular matrix graft (3D-BAMG) composite scaffold for long-section ventral urethral regeneration and repair in vivo. SDF-1α-aligned SF microfiber/3D-BAMG, aligned SF microfiber/3D-BAMG, and nonaligned SF microfiber/3D-BAMG scaffolds were prepared using electrostatic spinning and wet processing. Adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) and bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) migration was assessed in the SDF-1α-loaded scaffolds. Sustained SDF-1α release in vitro and vivo was analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and western blotting, respectively. The scaffolds were used to repair a 1.5 × 1 cm2 ventral urethral defect in male rabbits in vivo. General observation and retrograde urinary tract contrast assessment were used to examine urethral lumen patency and continuity at 1 and 3 months post-surgery. Postoperative rehabilitation was evaluated using histological detection. The composite scaffolds sustained SDF-1α release for over 16 days in vitro. SDF-1α-aligned SF nanofiber promoted regeneration of urethral mucosa, submucosal smooth muscles, and microvasculature, increased cellular proliferation, and reduced collagen deposition. SDF-1α expression was increased in reconstructed urethra at 3 months post-surgery in SDF-1α-aligned SF group. SDF-1α-aligned SF microfiber/3D-BAMG scaffolds may be used to repair and reconstruct long urethral defects because they accelerate urethral regeneration.

9.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0230196, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182258

RESUMO

Located in the intermediate zone between the taiga forests in Siberian Plain and the deserts in Central Asia, the Altai Mountains are of scientific concern about Holocene climate change in the past decades. However, researches about modern climate changes are relatively scarce in the Altai Mountains. In this study, temporal- spatial changes of air temperature and precipitation were investigated systematically in the Altai Mountains based on fifteen meteorological records over the period of 1970-2015. The Altai Mountains experienced a rapid warming trend with a rate of 0.41°C/decade and an insignificantly wetting trend at a rate of 4.82 mm/decade during 1970-2015. The magnitude of temperature trend was negatively correlated with elevation in cold season (spring and winter), whereas that was positively correlated with elevation in warm season (summer and autumn). The cyclonic anomalies to the northwest and an anticyclonic anomalies to the southeast blocked the southward cold air and then provided the favorable condition for an increasing precipitation via the southwesternly wind in the Altai Mountains.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática/história , Florestas , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Estações do Ano , Taiga , Temperatura , Vento
10.
Burns ; 46(6): 1373-1380, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The dysbiosis of gastrointestinal microbiome is an important reason for burn-induced intestinal injury. Clostridium butyricum (C.butyricum) and its production butyrate are beneficial for the homeostasis of intestinal microflora and suppression of inflammatory response. PURPOSE: The roles of C.butyricum and butyrate in burn-induced intestinal injury were explored. The effects of oral administration of C.butyricum on intestinal injury were observed in burned mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The skin surface of mice was exposed to 95 °C water to induce a burn injury. Then the intestinal microbiome structure, abundance of C.butyricum and level of butyrate were respectively observed. The correction between intestinal permeability indicated by FITC dextran level and abundance of C.butyricum or level of butyrate was analyzed. C.butyricum was cultured and orally administrated to burned mice. The levels of butyrate, FITC dextran and pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were respectively measured. RESULTS: Burn injury altered the intestinal microbiome structure of mice, and especially decreased the abundance of C.butyricum and level of butyrate. Both the abundance of C.butyricum and the level of butyrate were negatively correlated with the intestinal permeability. Oral administration of C.butyricum increased the level of butyrate, decreased levels of TNF-α and IL-6, and suppressed intestinal damage in burn-injured mice. CONCLUSION: Oral administration of C.butyricum significantly alleviated the intestinal damage induced by burn injury. The therapeutic effects of C.butyricum and butyrate on burn injury should be further explored, which deserves further investigation.

11.
Mol Cell Probes ; 51: 101543, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105703

RESUMO

Deformities in human soft tissue caused by trauma or burn present a difficult problem in plastic surgery. In this study, we encapsulated troglitazone and angiotensin 1-7 mimetic AVE0991 in gelation microspheres with the goal of inducing epithelial transformation for potential applications in tissue reconstruction. After troglitazone or AVE0991 were encapsulated to gelation microspheres, their release kinetics and bioactivity were examined. Surface morphology and diameter of the gelation microspheres were evaluated using light microscopy. The release of the drugs was assessed in the presence of human adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs). Treatment with troglitazone microspheres increased cell viability and activated the ß-catenin in ADSCs. Moreover, the AVE0991 microspheres also increased cell viability and C-myc expression of ADSCs. These results showed that troglitazone and AVE0991 microspheres promoted the activity of ADSCs. Furthermore, ADSCs were co-treated with troglitazone and AVE0991 microspheres. Western blot and immunofluorescent staining showed that co-treatment with troglitazone and AVE0991 microspheres elevated the expression of epithelialization associated protein CK14 in ADSCs. In conclusion, our findings indicate that microspheres with troglitazone and AVE0991 can significantly improve the viability and epithelialization of ADSCs, which provides a new approach for the construction of tissue-engineered skin.

12.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(7): 2866-2872, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Potato protein (PP) has promising potential for utilization in food applications due to its high nutritive value and functional properties. Grapeseed oil (GO) is rich in unsaturated fatty acids and antioxidant active ingredients. However, its application is limited because of low stability and high volatility. In order to overcome such problems, PP-based microcapsules encapsulating GO were produced by complex coacervation, and characterized using optical, thermodynamic and spectroscopic analyses. RESULTS: Results indicated that a ratio of GO/PP of 1:2 led to the best encapsulation effect with the maximum microencapsulation efficiency and yield. Intact and nearly spherical microcapsules were observed from scanning electron microscopy images. Results of thermogravimetry demonstrated that thermal resistance was increased in the microencapsulated GO, indicating that PP-based microcapsules could be a good way to protect the thermal stability of GO. Fourier transform infrared spectra indicated that hydrogen bonding and covalent crosslinking might occur among wall materials, but a physical interaction between GO and wall materials. CONCLUSIONS: PP can be successfully used to encapsulate GO when combined with chitosan, indicating that PP-based microcapsules have potential for application in encapsulating liquid oils with functional properties. A schematic diagram of possible interactions was constructed to better understand the mechanism of formation of the microcapsules. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Cápsulas/química , Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Óleos Vegetais/química , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Quitosana/química , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/química , Solanum tuberosum
13.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 34(2): e23074, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31617258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autosomal recessive Robinow syndrome (ARRS) is a rare genetic disorder, which affects the development of multiple systems, particularly the bones. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic cause of a ARRS fetus and to evaluate the reliability of whole-exome sequencing (WES) in prenatal diagnosis on cases with indistinguishable multiple malformation. METHODS: Clinical and ultrasonic evaluations were conducted on the fetus, and multiplatform genetic techniques were used to identify the variation responsible for RS. The pathogenicity of the novel variation was evaluated by in silico methods. Western blotting (WB) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were performed on fetal tissues after the fetus' stillbirth and postabortal autopsy. RESULTS: A compound heterozygous variation consisting c.613C > T and c.904C > T in ROR2 gene was identified. In silico prediction suggested that c.904C > T was a deleterious variant. IHC result demonstrated that ror2 expression level of the proband in osteochondral tissue significantly increased comparing with that of the control sample. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time in Chinese population, we characterized a novel variation in ROR2 gene causing ARRS. This study extended the mutation spectrum of ARRS and provided a promising strategy for prenatal diagnosis of cases with ambiguous multiple deformities.

14.
Int Orthod ; 18(1): 137-146, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526685

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Electric resistance heat treatment procedures are performed by most orthodontists; however, the effects of electrothermal treatment on the mechanical properties, surface morphology, phase transition, colour and arch width of stainless steel archwires remain controversial and are worthy of investigation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stainless steel archwires (0.017×0.025 and 0.019×0.025 inches) were heat-treated using a spot-welder machine at a power setting of 3 for 5, 10, 15 or 20s and were then cooled in air. After the heat treatment, we analysed the surface morphology of the samples by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the flexural modulus with a universal testing machine. The changes in phase and the austenite content after heat treatment were determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The changes in the colour of the sample were analysed by a digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) camera, and the arch width changes were measured with Vernier calippers. RESULTS: The flexural modulus and austenite content of the orthodontic stainless steel archwires increased after heat treatment (P<0.05). The colour changed from silver to yellow-brown-blue. Heat treatment of the stainless steel wires increased the inter-canine and inter-molar widths only when the amount of heat received was low. CONCLUSION: Heat treatment of stainless steel orthodontic archwires using an electric resistance device is an effective and convenient method to improve their flexural modulus. The colour of the wire surface after heat treatment can help determine the heating conditions, and the maximum flexural modulus of the stainless steel wires was obtained when the colour changed to brownish yellow.

15.
J Vasc Access ; 21(5): 636-645, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884877

RESUMO

TARGET: To compare the ultrasound characteristics between functional, mature arteriovenous fistulas and functional, non-mature arteriovenous fistulas and to identify the predictors of arteriovenous fistula maturation in the forearm. METHODS: Patients with newly set-up functional arteriovenous fistulas were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. Ultrasound examinations were conducted pre-operatively and post-operatively. The inner vessel diameter, blood flow volume, and resistance index were measured and compared between the maturation group (Group M) and non-maturation group (Group N). Baseline parameters were calculated to determine the predictors of non-maturation of arteriovenous fistulas. RESULTS: All 52 patients with functional arteriovenous fistulas, who were categorized into Group M (25 patients, 48.08%) and Group N (27 patients, 51.92%), finished 24 weeks of follow-up after arteriovenous fistula surgery. The arteriovenous fistulas displayed a significant and rapid increase in the vessel diameter (mean increase of 1.34 times in the arteries and 1.92 times in the veins) and blood flow volume (mean increase of 9.29 times of the arteries and 43.66 times of the veins) and a decrease in the resistance index (mean decrease in 48.00% in the arteries) 8 weeks after surgery. Group N had a lesser increase in the vessel diameters (1.78 times vs 2.06 times, t = -3.136, p = 0.003) and blood flow volume (33.98 times vs 54.11 times, t = -2.383, p = 0.021) of the cephalic vein draining segments (a6) than Group M. The baseline diameter of a6 was the only independent predictor (regression coefficient = 26.229, p = 0.008) of maturation of the functional arteriovenous fistulas after correcting for sex, age, diabetes kidney disease, weight, and height. CONCLUSION: The baseline diameter of the cephalic vein was the only predictor of arteriovenous fistula maturation based on the pre-operative ultrasound measurements in Chinese hemodialysis patients.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Antebraço/irrigação sanguínea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Artéria Radial/cirurgia , Diálise Renal , Veias/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Artéria Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Radial/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Resistência Vascular , Veias/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias/fisiopatologia
16.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 29(12): 1169-1172, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839089

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare post-TKA (total knee arthroplasty) analgesic effect of periarticular injection of different analgesics during surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Tianjin People's Hospital, from December 2016 to July 2018. METHODOLOGY: Patients undergoing unilateral TKA were randomly divided into Group A and Group B, with 67 patients in each group. In Group A, compound analgesics of ropivacaine, ketorolac, adrenaline, morphine and normal saline were injected periarticularly during surgery. While in Group B, compound analgesics of bupivacaine, methylprednisolone, adrenalin, morphine and normal saline were injected periarticularly during surgery. Visual analogue scale (VAS), range of motion (ROM) of knee joint, and rehabilitation of knee joint of both groups were compared. RESULTS: VAS scores of Group A at 6-hour, 24-hour, 48-hour and 72-hour after surgery was lower than those of Group B (p=0.046, p<0.001, p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). ROM of knee joint of Group A on the 3rd, 7th, 10th and 14th day after surgery was superior to that of Group B (all p<0.001). On the 14th day after surgery, excellent and good rate of rehabilitation of knee joint of Group A was higher than that of Group B (p=0.032). CONCLUSION: Compared with periarticular injection of compound analgesics of bupivacaine, methylprednisolone, adrenaline, morphine and normal saline during surgery, periarticular injection of compound analgesics of ropivacaine, ketorolac, adrenaline, morphine and normal saline during surgery can alleviate post-TKA pain more effectively, improve early ROM of joint knee after surgery, increase rehabilitation effect of knee joint.

17.
Shock ; 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626039

RESUMO

Genistein (Gen) exhibits strong anti-oxidative/anti-nitrative activity and cardioprotective effects in several models; however, its role in burn-induced myocardial injury is unknown. This study investigated the protective effect of Gen on burn-induced myocardial injury and aimed to elucidate the mechanism of protection. Mice were injected with Gen, intraperitoneally, at different dose immediately after burn injury. The expression levels of Notch-1 intracellular domain (NICD1) and hairy and enhancer of split (Hes-1) were determined by immunoblotting. Conditional Notch-RBP-J knockout mice were used to investigate the mechanisms of Gen-induced cardioprotection. Gen alleviated burn-induced myocardial injury, as shown by improved left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF), decreased serum LDH and CK levels, and apoptosis. Moreover, Gen decreased expressions of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and gp, reduced NO and superoxide anions production, and ameliorated their cytotoxic reaction product, peroxynitrite. More importantly, Gen significantly up-regulated the expression of NICD1 and Hes1 after burn injury. In addition, genetic knockout of Notch1 not only blocked the cardioprotection of Gen but also markedly attenuated Gen-induced anti-oxidative/anti-nitrative effect. These results demonstrate, for the first time, that Gen treatment attenuates burn-induced myocardial injury via the Notch1 mediated suppression of oxidative/nitrative stress.

18.
ACS Omega ; 4(6): 9813-9822, 2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460071

RESUMO

The effects of particle size, temperature, and leaching time on the leaching behavior of rare-earth elements were studied. The leaching efficiency of the rare earth reached 39.24% under leaching conditions of hydrochloric acid concentration of 8.00 mol/L, particle size 95% distributed below 1.5 µm, leaching time of 120 min, and temperature of 90 °C. According to the scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis of the residue, the mechanism of the leaching process was also investigated. Actually, the phase of REFCO3 transformed into that of RECl3 and REF3 but there was an existing intermediate transition, where the phase of REFCO3 on reacting with hydrochloric acid generated that of REO x F3-2x and this process also released RE3+ into the solution. REO x F3-2x continued reacting with hydrochloric acid to release a lot of F-, which on combining with RE3+ formed REF3 precipitation. The leaching kinetics of rare earths follows a shrinking core model that can be expressed as 1 - 3(1 - x)2/3 + 2(1 - x) = k 1 t. The activation energies are 62.1, 54.8, 35.1, and 34.9 kJ/mol, respectively.

19.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 13(8): e0007659, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The reported incidence of dengue fever increased dramatically in recent years in China. This study aimed to investigate and to assess the effectiveness of intervention implemented in a dengue outbreak in Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province, China. METHODS: Data of a dengue outbreak were collected in Ningbo City in China by a field epidemiological survey according to a strict protocol and case definition. Serum specimens of all cases were collected for diagnosis and the virological characteristics were detected by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and gene sequencing. Vector surveillance was implemented during the outbreak to collect the larva and adult mosquito densities to calculate the Breteau Index (BI) and human biting rate (HBR), respectively. Data of monthly BI and light-trap density in 2018 were built to calculate the seasonality of the vector. A transmission mathematical model was developed to dynamic the incidence of the disease. The parameters of the model were estimated by the data of the outbreak and vector surveillance data in 2018. The effectiveness of the interventions implemented during the outbreak was assessed by the data and the modelling. RESULTS: From 11 August to 8 September, 2018, a dengue outbreak was reported with 27 confirmed cases in a population of 5536-people community (community A) of Ningbo City. Whole E gene sequences were obtained from 24 cases and were confirmed as dengue virus type 1 (DENV-1). The transmission source of the outbreak was origin from community B where a dengue case having the same E gene sequence was onset on 30 July. Aedes albopictus was the only vector species in the area. The value of BI and HBR was 57.5 and 12 per person per hour respectively on 18 August, 2018 and decreased dramatically after interventions. The transmission model fitted well (χ2 = 6.324, P = 0.388) with the reported cases data. With no intervention, the total simulated number of the cases would be 1728 with a total attack rate (TAR) of 31.21% (95%CI: 29.99%- 32.43%). Case isolation and larva control (LC) have almost the same TAR and duration of outbreak (DO) as no intervention. Different levels of reducing HBR (rHBR) had different effectiveness with TARs ranging from 1.05% to 31.21% and DOs ranging from 27 days to 102 days. Adult vector control (AVC) had a very low TAR and DO. "LC+AVC" had a similar TAR and DO as that of AVC. "rHBR100%+LC", "rHBR100%+AVC", "rHBR100%+LC+AVC" and "rHBR100%+LC+AVC+Iso" had the same effectiveness. CONCLUSIONS: Without intervention, DENV-1 could be transmitted rapidly within a short period of time and leads to high attack rate in community in China. AVC or rHBR should be recommended as primary interventions to control rapid transmission of the dengue virus at the early stage of an outbreak.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Dengue/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Controle de Mosquitos/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Aedes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Cidades/epidemiologia , Dengue/prevenção & controle , Dengue/transmissão , Dengue/virologia , Vírus da Dengue/classificação , Vírus da Dengue/genética , Vírus da Dengue/isolamento & purificação , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Teóricos , Mosquitos Vetores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Adulto Jovem
20.
Asian J Androl ; 21(6): 582-586, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169141

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate whether adding a vacuum erection device (VED) to regular use of Tadalafil could achieve better penile rehabilitation following posterior urethroplasty for pelvic fracture-related urethral injury (PFUI). Altogether, 78 PFUI patients with erectile dysfunction (ED) after primary posterior urethroplasty were enrolled and divided into two treatment groups: VED combined with Tadalafil (Group 1, n = 36) and Tadalafil only (Group 2, n = 42). Changes in penile length, testosterone level, International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) questionnaire, Quality of Erection Questionnaire (QEQ), and nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) testing were used to assess erectile function before and after 6 months of ED treatment. Results showed that the addition of VED to regular use of Tadalafil preserved more penile length statistically (0.4 ± 0.9 vs -0.8 ± 0.7 cm, P < 0.01). IIEF-5 score and QEQ score in Group 1 were higher than Group 2 (both P < 0.05). After treatment, 21/36 (58.3%) Group 1 patients and 19/42 (45.2%) Group 2 patients could complete vaginal penetration. Group 1 patients also had markedly improved testosterone levels (P = 0.01). Unexpectedly, there was no significant difference in NPT testing between two therapies. For PFUI patients with ED after posterior urethroplasty, the addition of VED to regular use of Tadalafil could significantly improve their conditions - improving erection and increasing penile length - thus increasing patient satisfaction and confidence in penile rehabilitation.

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