Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 137
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Redox Biol ; 38: 101766, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126057

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and irreversible disease characterized by an increase in differentiation of fibroblasts to myofibroblasts and excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix in lung tissue. Pharmacological activation of NRF2 has proved to be a valuable antifibrotic approach, however the detailed mechanisms of how NRF2 mediates antifibrotic function remain unclear. In this study, we found that the antifibrotic function of sulforaphane (SFN), an NRF2 activator, was largely dependent on LOC344887, a long noncoding RNA. Two functional AREs were identified in both the promoter and intron 1 of LOC344887, which defines LOC344887 as a novel anti-fibrotic NRF2 target gene. RNA-seq analysis revealed that LOC344887 controls genes and signaling pathways associated with fibrogenesis. Deletion or downregulation of LOC344887 enhanced expression of CDH2/N-cadherin, as well as a number of other fibrotic genes and blunted the antifibrotic effects of SFN. Furthermore, LOC344887-mediated downregulation of fibrotic genes may involve the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway, as pharmacologic inhibition of PI3K activity blocked the effects of LOC344887 knockdown. Our findings demonstrate that NRF2-mediated LOC344887 upregulation contributes to the antifibrotic potential of SFN by repressing the expression of CDH2 and other fibrotic genes, providing novel insight into how NRF2 controls the regulatory networks of IPF. This study provides a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of NRF2 activators against pulmonary fibrosis and presents a novel therapeutic axis for prevention and intervention of fibrosis-related diseases.

2.
J Virol ; 94(24)2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999020

RESUMO

Dengue virus (DENV) is a mosquito-borne virus that infects upward of 300 million people annually and has the potential to cause fatal hemorrhagic fever and shock. While the parameters contributing to dengue immunopathogenesis remain unclear, the collapse of redox homeostasis and the damage induced by oxidative stress have been correlated with the development of inflammation and progression toward the more severe forms of disease. In the present study, we demonstrate that the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) late after DENV infection (>24 hpi) resulted from a disruption in the balance between oxidative stress and the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-dependent antioxidant response. The DENV NS2B3 protease complex strategically targeted Nrf2 for degradation in a proteolysis-independent manner; NS2B3 licensed Nrf2 for lysosomal degradation. Impairment of the Nrf2 regulator by the NS2B3 complex inhibited the antioxidant gene network and contributed to the progressive increase in ROS levels, along with increased virus replication and inflammatory or apoptotic gene expression. By 24 hpi, when increased levels of ROS and antiviral proteins were observed, it appeared that the proviral effect of ROS overcame the antiviral effects of the interferon (IFN) response. Overall, these studies demonstrate that DENV infection disrupts the regulatory interplay between DENV-induced stress responses, Nrf2 antioxidant signaling, and the host antiviral immune response, thus exacerbating oxidative stress and inflammation in DENV infection.IMPORTANCE Dengue virus (DENV) is a mosquito-borne pathogen that threatens 2.5 billion people in more than 100 countries annually. Dengue infection induces a spectrum of clinical symptoms, ranging from classical dengue fever to severe dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome; however, the complexities of DENV immunopathogenesis remain controversial. Previous studies have reported the importance of the transcription factor Nrf2 in the control of redox homeostasis and antiviral/inflammatory or death responses to DENV. Importantly, the production of reactive oxygen species and the subsequent stress response have been linked to the development of inflammation and progression toward the more severe forms of the disease. Here, we demonstrate that DENV uses the NS2B3 protease complex to strategically target Nrf2 for degradation, leading to a progressive increase in oxidative stress, inflammation, and cell death in infected cells. This study underlines the pivotal role of the Nrf2 regulatory network in the context of DENV infection.

3.
Redox Biol ; 37: 101714, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927319

RESUMO

Radiation therapy is a frontline treatment option for cancer patients; however, the effects of radiotherapy on non-tumor tissue (e.g. radiation-induced dermatitis) often worsen patient quality of life. Previous studies have implicated the importance of redox balance in preventing dermatitis, specifically in reference to modulation of the nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2) signaling pathway. Due to the cytoprotective functions of transcriptional target genes of NRF2, we investigated how modulation of NRF2 expression could affect DNA damage, oxidative stress, and cell viability in response to radiotherapy. Specifically, it was noted that NRF2 knockdown sensitized human skin keratinocytes to ionizing radiation; likewise, genetic ablation of NRF2 in vivo increased radiosensitivity of murine epidermis. Oppositely, pharmacological induction of NRF2 via the apocarotenoid bixin lowered markers of DNA damage and oxidative stress, while preserving viability in irradiated keratinocytes. Mechanistic studies indicated that topical pretreatment using bixin as an NRF2 activator antagonized initial DNA damage by raising cellular glutathione levels. Additionally, topical application of bixin prevented radiation-induced dermatitis, epidermal thickening, and oxidative stress in the skin of SKH1 mice. Overall, these data indicate that NRF2 is critical for mitigating the harmful skin toxicities associated with ionizing radiation, and that topical upregulation of NRF2 via bixin could prevent radiation-induced dermatitis.

4.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 402: 115138, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32682831

RESUMO

Chronic low dose arsenic exposure continues to be a worldwide health concern because of its prevalence and link to increased cancer risk, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Mortality of NSCLC patients increases with the development of a metastatic lesion compared to when the tumor is localized; however, the exact mechanism for what causes NSCLC cells to metastasize in the context of environmental toxicant exposure has yet to be fully elucidated. One proposed contributor to metastasis in NSCLC is nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2), a transcription factor with known oncogenic properties that has proved to be critical for arsenic carcinogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that chronic arsenic exposure enhances the invasive and migratory capacity of immortalized lung epithelial cells via NRF2-dependent upregulation of SRY-box 9 (SOX9), another transcription factor linked with cell proliferation, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and metastasis. We identified a functional antioxidant response element (ARE) in the promoter region of SOX9, suggesting that it is an NRF2 target gene, with mutation of the ARE preventing NRF2 binding. Pharmacological induction or inhibition of NRF2 increased or decreased SOX9 expression, respectively. Furthermore, we demonstrate that hyperactivation of NRF2 via knockout of Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1), its negative regulator, contributes to proliferation; while, inhibition of NRF2 or direct knockdown of SOX9 slowed the ability of NSCLC cells to proliferate, migrate, and invade. Overall, this study suggests that NRF2-mediated SOX9 upregulation can contribute to the metastatic potential of both environmentally and genetically driven lung tumors.

5.
Nat Prod Rep ; 37(6): 797-826, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32400766

RESUMO

Covering: up to 2020The transcription factor NRF2 is one of the body's major defense mechanisms, driving transcription of >300 antioxidant response element (ARE)-regulated genes that are involved in many critical cellular processes including redox regulation, proteostasis, xenobiotic detoxification, and primary metabolism. The transcription factor NRF2 and natural products have an intimately entwined history, as the discovery of NRF2 and much of its rich biology were revealed using natural products both intentionally and unintentionally. In addition, in the last decade a more sinister aspect of NRF2 biology has been revealed. NRF2 is normally present at very low cellular levels and only activated when needed, however, it has been recently revealed that chronic, high levels of NRF2 can lead to diseases such as diabetes and cancer, and may play a role in other diseases. Again, this "dark side" of NRF2 was revealed and studied largely using a natural product, the quassinoid, brusatol. In the present review, we provide an overview of NRF2 structure and function to orient the general reader, we will discuss the history of NRF2 and NRF2-activating compounds and the biology these have revealed, and we will delve into the dark side of NRF2 and contemporary issues related to the dark side biology and the role of natural products in dissecting this biology.

6.
Cell Chem Biol ; 27(4): 436-447, 2020 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275864

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a non-apoptotic mode of regulated cell death that is iron and lipid peroxidation dependent. As new mechanistic insight into ferroptotic effectors and how they are regulated in different disease contexts is uncovered, our understanding of the physiological and pathological relevance of this mode of cell death continues to grow. Along these lines, a host of pharmacological modulators of this pathway have been identified, targeting proteins involved in iron homeostasis; the generation and reduction of lipid peroxides; or cystine import and glutathione metabolism. Also, of note, many components of the ferroptosis cascade are target genes of the transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2), indicating its critical role in mediating the ferroptotic response. In this review, we discuss the in vitro, in vivo, and clinical evidence of ferroptosis in disease, including a brief discussion of targeting upstream mediators of this cascade, including NRF2, to treat ferroptosis-driven diseases.

7.
PLoS Biol ; 18(2): e3000620, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053600

RESUMO

Primary cilia are lost during cancer development, but the mechanism regulating cilia degeneration is not determined. While transcription factor nuclear factor-erythroid 2-like 2 (NRF2) protects cells from oxidative, proteotoxic, and metabolic stress in normal cells, hyperactivation of NRF2 is oncogenic, although the detailed molecular mechanisms by which uncontrolled NRF2 activation promotes cancer progression remain unclear. Here, we report that NRF2 suppresses hedgehog (Hh) signaling through Patched 1 (PTCH1) and primary ciliogenesis via p62/sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1). PTCH1, a negative regulator of Hh signaling, is an NRF2 target gene, and as such, hyperactivation of NRF2 impairs Hh signaling. NRF2 also suppresses primary cilia formation through p62-dependent inclusion body formation and blockage of Bardet-Biedl syndrome 4 (BBS4) entrance into cilia. Simultaneous ablation of PTCH1 and p62 completely abolishes NRF2-mediated inhibition of both primary ciliogenesis and Hh signaling. Our findings reveal a previously unidentified role of NRF2 in controlling a cellular organelle, the primary cilium, and its associated Hh signaling pathway and also uncover a mechanism by which NRF2 hyperactivation promotes tumor progression via primary cilia degeneration and aberrant Hh signaling. A better understanding of the crosstalk between NRF2 and primary cilia/Hh signaling could not only open new avenues for cancer therapeutic discovery but could also have significant implications regarding pathologies other than cancer, including developmental disorders, in which improper primary ciliogenesis and Hh signaling play a major role.


Assuntos
Cílios/fisiologia , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Animais , Elementos de Resposta Antioxidante , Células Cultivadas , Cílios/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Proteínas Hedgehog/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Corpos de Inclusão/metabolismo , Camundongos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Receptor Patched-1/genética , Receptor Patched-1/metabolismo , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/genética , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
8.
Arch Pharm Res ; 43(3): 361-369, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372933

RESUMO

Kidney disease affects ~ 10% of the population worldwide, resulting in millions of deaths each year. Mechanistically, oxidative stress is a major driver of various kidney diseases, and promotes the progression from acute to chronic injury, as well as renal cancer development. NRF2, the master regulator of redox balance, has been shown to protect against kidney disease through its negation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, many kidney diseases exhibit high levels of ROS as a result of decreased NRF2 protein levels and transcriptional activity. Many studies have tested the strategy of using NRF2 inducing compounds to alleviate ROS to prevent or slow down the progression of kidney diseases. Oppositely, in specific subsets of renal cancer, NRF2 is constitutively activated and contributes to tumor burden and overall poor prognosis; therefore, there has been a recent interest in studies investigating the benefits of NRF2 inhibition. In this review, we summarize recent literature investigating the role of NRF2 and oxidative stress in various kidney diseases, and how pharmacological modification of NRF2 signaling could play a protective role.

9.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 523(1): 123-129, 2020 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837804

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with high mortality rates, mainly due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Uremia has been considered a relevant risk factor for CVD in CKD patients, since uremic toxins (UTs) promote systemic and vascular inflammation, oxidative stress and senescence. Here, we demonstrate that uremic toxins indoxyl sulfate (IxS), p-cresyl sulfate (pCS) and indole acetic acid (IAA) are incorporated by human endothelial cells and inhibit the autophagic flux, demonstrated by cellular p62 accumulation. Moreover, isolated and mixed UTs impair the lysosomal stage of autophagy, as determined by cell imaging of the mRFP-GFP-LC3 protein. Endothelial cells exposed to UTs display accumulation of carbonylated proteins and increased sensitivity to hydrogen peroxide. Rapamycin, an autophagy activator which induces both autophagosome formation and clearance, prevented these effects. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that accumulation of oxidized proteins and enhanced cell sensitivity to hydrogen peroxide are consequences of impaired autophagic flux. These data provide evidence that UTs-induced impaired autophagy may be a novel contributor to endothelial dysfunction.


Assuntos
Cresóis/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Indicã/farmacologia , Ácidos Indolacéticos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Ésteres do Ácido Sulfúrico/farmacologia , Toxinas Biológicas/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Lisossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Células NIH 3T3 , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
European J Org Chem ; 20(2): 3269-3272, 2019 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857792

RESUMO

A Na2HPO4-catalyzed four-component reaction between a ketone, malononitrile, S8 and formamide has been realized for the first time. This reaction provides a concise approach to thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-amines, previously requiring 5 steps. The utility of this reaction was validated by preparing a multi-targeted kinase inhibitor and an inhibitor of the NRF2 pathway with excellent atom- and step-economy.

11.
ACS Sustain Chem Eng ; 7(1): 1524-1528, 2019 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754553

RESUMO

Thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4(3H)-ones are important pharmacophores that previously required a three step synthesis with two chromatography steps. We herein report a green approach to the synthesis of this pharmacologically important class of compounds via a catalytic four-component reaction using a ketone, ethyl cyanoacetate, S8 and formamide. The reported reaction is characterized by step economy, reduced catalyst loading and easy purification.

12.
J Biol Chem ; 294(48): 18131-18149, 2019 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628195

RESUMO

The nuclear factor (erythroid 2)-like (NRF) transcription factors are a subset of cap'n'collar transcriptional regulators. They consist of three members, NRF1, NRF2, and NRF3, that regulate the expression of genes containing antioxidant-response elements (AREs) in their promoter regions. Although all NRF members regulate ARE-containing genes, each is associated with distinct roles. A comprehensive study of differential and overlapping DNA-binding and transcriptional activities of the NRFs has not yet been conducted. Here, we performed chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-exo sequencing, an approach that combines ChIP with exonuclease treatment to pinpoint regulatory elements in DNA with high precision, in conjunction with RNA-sequencing to define the transcriptional targets of each NRF member. Our approach, done in three U2OS cell lines, identified 31 genes that were regulated by all three NRF members, 27 that were regulated similarly by all three, and four genes that were differentially regulated by at least one NRF member. We also found genes that were up- or down-regulated by only one NRF member, with 84, 84, and 22 genes that were regulated by NRF1, NRF2, and NRF3, respectively. Analysis of the ARE motifs identified in ChIP peaks revealed that NRF2 prefers binding to AREs flanked by GC-rich regions and that NRF1 prefers AT-rich flanking regions. Thus, sequence preference, likely in combination with upstream signaling events, determines NRF member activation under specific cellular contexts. Our analysis provides a comprehensive description of differential and overlapping gene regulation by the transcriptional regulators NRF1, NRF2, and NRF3.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Fator 1 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/genética , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Fator 1 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 1 Nuclear Respiratório
13.
Cell Chem Biol ; 26(10): 1427-1435.e5, 2019 10 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402317

RESUMO

The transcription factor NRF2 confers cellular protection by maintaining cellular redox homeostasis and proteostasis. Basal NRF2 levels are normally low due to KEAP1-mediated ubiquitylation and subsequent proteasomal degradation. KEAP1, a substrate adaptor protein of a KEAP1-CUL3-RBX1 E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, contains a critical cysteine (C151) that is modified by electrophiles or oxidants, resulting in inactivation of the E3 ligase and inhibition of NRF2 degradation. Currently, nearly all NRF2 inducers are electrophilic molecules that possess unwanted off-target effects due to their reactive nature. Here, we report a group of NRF2 inducers, ent-kaurane diterpenoid geopyxins, with and without C151 reactive electrophilic moieties. Among 16 geopyxins, geopyxin F, a non-electrophilic NRF2 activator, showed enhanced cellular protection relative to an electrophilic NRF2 activator, geopyxin C. To our knowledge, this is the first detailed structure-activity relationship study of covalent versus non-covalent NRF2 activators, showing the promise of non-covalent NRF2 activators as potential therapeutic compounds.


Assuntos
Diterpenos de Caurano/farmacologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Diterpenos de Caurano/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Conformação Molecular , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
14.
Biochemistry ; 58(30): 3225-3231, 2019 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298844

RESUMO

A library of natural products and their derivatives was screened for inhibition of protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) 1B, which is a validated drug target for the treatment of obesity and type II diabetes. Of those active in the preliminary assay, the most promising was compound 2 containing a novel pyrrolopyrazoloisoquinolone scaffold derived by treating radicicol (1) with hydrazine. This nitrogen-atom augmented radicicol derivative was found to be PTP1B selective relative to other highly homologous nonreceptor PTPs. Biochemical evaluation, molecular docking, and mutagenesis revealed 2 to be an allosteric inhibitor of PTP1B with a submicromolar Ki. Cellular analyses using C2C12 myoblasts indicated that 2 restored insulin signaling and increased glucose uptake.


Assuntos
Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Macrolídeos/química , Nitrogênio/química , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 1/química , Animais , Inibidores Enzimáticos/metabolismo , Macrolídeos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica/fisiologia , Isoformas de Proteínas/química , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 1/metabolismo
15.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 29(14): 1689-1693, 2019 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129054

RESUMO

Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is the ER resident 70 kDa heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and has been hypothesized to be a therapeutic target for various forms of cancer due to its role in mitigating proteotoxic stress in the ER, its elevated expression in some cancers, and the correlation between high levels for GRP78 and a poor prognosis. Herein we report the development and use of a high throughput fluorescence polarization-based peptide binding assay as an initial step toward the discovery and development of GRP78 inhibitors. This assay was used in a pilot screen to discover the anti-infective agent, hexachlorophene, as an inhibitor of GRP78. Through biochemical characterization we show that hexachlorophene is a competitive inhibitor of the GRP78-peptide interaction. Biological investigations showed that this molecule induces the unfolded protein response, induces autophagy, and leads to apoptosis in a colon carcinoma cell model, which is known to be sensitive to GRP78 inhibition.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/efeitos dos fármacos , Hexaclorofeno/uso terapêutico , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala/métodos , Hexaclorofeno/farmacologia , Humanos
16.
Mol Cell Biol ; 39(13)2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31010806

RESUMO

The nuclear factor (erythroid 2)-like 2 (NRF2 or NFE2L2) transcription factor regulates the expression of many genes that are critical in maintaining cellular homeostasis. Its deregulation has been implicated in many diseases, including cancer and metabolic and neurodegenerative diseases. While several mechanisms by which NRF2 can be activated have gradually been identified over time, a more complete regulatory network of NRF2 is still lacking. Here we show through a genome-wide clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) screen that a total of 273 genes, when knocked out, will lead to sustained NRF2 activation. Pathway analysis revealed a significant overrepresentation of genes (18 of the 273 genes) involved in autophagy. Molecular validation of a subset of the enriched genes identified 8 high-confidence genes that negatively regulate NRF2 activity irrespective of cell type: ATG12, ATG7, GOSR1, IFT172, NRXN2, RAB6A, VPS37A, and the well-known negative regulator of NRF2, KEAP1 Of these, ATG12, ATG7, KEAP1, and VPS37A are known to be involved in autophagic processes. Our results present a comprehensive list of NRF2 negative regulators and reveal an intimate link between autophagy and NRF2 regulation.


Assuntos
Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , RNA Guia/farmacologia , Autofagia , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/efeitos dos fármacos , Genoma Humano , Homeostase , Humanos
18.
Hepatology ; 70(1): 372-388, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30873635

RESUMO

Spermidine (SPD), a naturally occurring polyamine, has been recognized as a caloric restriction mimetic that confers health benefits, presumably by inducing autophagy. Recent studies have reported that oral administration of SPD protects against liver fibrosis and hepatocarcinogenesis through activation of microtubule associated protein 1S (MAP1S)-mediated autophagy. Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2) is a transcription factor that mediates cellular protection by maintaining the cell's redox, metabolic, and proteostatic balance. In this study, we demonstrate that SPD is a noncanonical NRF2 inducer, and that MAP1S is a component of this noncanonical pathway of NRF2 activation. Mechanistically, MAP1S induces NRF2 signaling through two parallel mechanisms, both resulting in NRF2 stabilization: (1) MAP1S competes with Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1) for NRF2 binding through an ETGE motif, and (2) MAP1S accelerates p62-dependent degradation of KEAP1 by the autophagy pathway. We further demonstrate that SPD confers liver protection by enhancing NRF2 signaling. The importance of both NRF2 and p62-dependent autophagy in SPD-mediated liver protection was confirmed using a carbon tetrachloride-induced liver fibrosis model in wild-type, Nrf2-/- , p62-/- and Nrf2-/- ;p62-/- mice, as the protective effect of SPD was significantly reduced in NRF2 or p62 single knockout mice, and completely abolished in the double knockout mice. Conclusion: Our results demonstrate the pivotal role of NRF2 in mediating the health benefit of SPD, particularly in the context of liver pathologies.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Espermidina/farmacologia , Animais , Autofagia , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Células HEK293 , Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Camundongos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Espermidina/uso terapêutico
19.
ACS Nano ; 13(2): 1204-1212, 2019 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30758172

RESUMO

Collective cell migration plays a pivotal role in development, wound healing, and metastasis, but little is known about the mechanisms and coordination of cell migration in 3D microenvironments. Here, we demonstrate a 3D wound healing assay by photothermal ablation for investigating collective cell migration in epithelial tissue structures. The nanoparticle-mediated photothermal technique creates local hyperthermia for selective cell ablation and induces collective cell migration of 3D tissue structures. By incorporating dynamic single cell gene expression analysis, live cell actin staining, and particle image velocimetry, we show that the wound healing response consists of 3D vortex motion moving toward the wound followed by the formation of multicellular actin bundles and leader cells with active actin-based protrusions. Inhibition of ROCK signaling disrupts the multicellular actin bundle and enhances the formation of leader cells at the leading edge. Furthermore, single cell gene expression analysis, pharmacological perturbation, and RNA interference reveal that Notch1-Dll4 signaling negatively regulates the formation of multicellular actin bundles and leader cells. Taken together, our study demonstrates a platform for investigating 3D collective cell migration and underscores the essential roles of ROCK and Notch1-Dll4 signaling in regulating 3D epithelial wound healing.


Assuntos
Cicatrização , Actinas/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Microambiente Celular , Epitélio/química , Epitélio/metabolismo , Epitélio/patologia , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Imagem Óptica , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 134: 702-707, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30654017

RESUMO

NRF2, a transcription factor that has been deemed the master regulator of cellular redox homeostasis, declines with age. NRF2 transcriptionally upregulates genes that combat oxidative stress; therefore, loss of NRF2 allows oxidative stress to go unmitigated and drive the aging phenotype. Oxidative stress is a common theme among the key features associated with the aging process, collectively referred to as the "Hallmarks of Aging", as it disrupts proteostasis, alters genomic stability, and leads to cell death. In this review, we outline the role that oxidative stress and the reduction of NRF2 play in each of the Hallmarks of Aging, including how they contribute to the onset of neurodegenerative disorders, cancer, and other age-related pathologies.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/patologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Transdução de Sinais
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...