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1.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487133

RESUMO

Visible light induces C-C-bond cleavage reactions of ketones, which can be utilized for N-acylations of sulfoximines. No (photo)catalyst is required, and the reactions occur at ambient temperature in air. The substrate scope is broad for both ketones and sulfoximines. For converting NH-sulfoximines, the presence of NBS is essential.

2.
Water Res ; 203: 117539, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407485

RESUMO

Red mud (RM) as waste of industrial aluminum production is piling up in huge ponds. RM could be a cost-effective adsorbent for heavy metals, but adsorption is vulnerable to pH changes, metal ions speciation and the occurrence of iron bearing minerals. In this study, the precipitation and elemental speciation transformation relevant to arsenic fate in responding to the addition of RM during arsenopyrite bio-oxidation by Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans was investigated. The results show that the addition of RM significantly changed the arsenic precipitation and the solution chemistry and thus affected the arsenopyrite bio-oxidation and arsenic fate. An addition of a small amount (≤ 4 g/L) of RM substantially promoted arsenopyrite bio-oxidation with formation of SiO2 @ (As, Fe, Al, Si) spherical nanoparticles that can enhance the stability of the immobilized arsenic. The SiO2-based spherical nanoparticles precipitate was mainly composed of jarosites, amorphous ferric arsenate and crystalline scorodite, and its formation were controlled by Fe3+ concentration and solution pH. An addition of increased amount of RM (≥ 6 g/L) resulted in a significant increase of the solution pH and a decrease in the Fe2+ bio-oxidation activity, and spherical nanoparticles were not formed. Consequently, the dissolution of arsenopyrite was inhibited and the release of arsenic was blocked. This study suggests the applicability of RM in mitigation of arsenic pollution from bio-oxidation of As-bearing sulfide minerals.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Arsenicais , Clostridiales , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Ferro , Compostos de Ferro , Minerais , Oxirredução , Dióxido de Silício , Sulfetos
3.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320583

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: A patient with severe eyelid defects caused by a car accident was admitted to the Plastic Surgery Department of the First Hospital of Jilin University. The lower eyelid was first reconstructed with autogenous palatal mucosa and a temporal musculocutaneous flap, which provided adequate tissue volume. Postoperatively, eyelid closure was good. After long-term follow-up, the reconstructed lower eyelid showed laxity and downward movement. The eyelid could not close completely and lagophthalmos occurred. Then, the lower eyelid was suspended by the fascia lata. The suture at the point of fixation became loose again after the operation. Incomplete eyelid closure recurred. Finally, palmaris longus tendon graft suspension combined with screw fixation was used to obtain a satisfactory therapeutic effect. In summary, rigid suspension and fixation can provide adequate lateral tension to resist lower reconstructed eyelid shifting and lagophthalmos, which is important for the maintenance of lasting effects.

4.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34184094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both keloid and hypertrophic scars are common benign skin lesions manifested by hyperplasia of fibroblasts. Clinically, this will not only have physiological effects on patients, but also cause psychological damage. However, there is no unified standard treatment method at present. Intralesional corticosteroid injection alone and corticosteroid combined with botulinum toxin type A has been gradually found to be useful for the treatment of keloid and hypertrophic scars, but the difference in efficacy between the two is controversial. METHODS: A systematic search was made of the relevant experiments from Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). RESULTS: The scores of Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Vancouver Scar Score sheet (VSS), scar thickness, itching degree and patient satisfaction after the combination of corticosteroid and botulinum toxin type A were superior than those after corticosteroid (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with corticosteroid alone, corticosteroid combined with botulinum toxin type A is more effective in the treatment of keloid and hypertrophic scar. Although clinical case studies for the treatment of keloid or hypertrophic scars are limited, it is necessary and helpful to understand the effectiveness of corticosteroid combined with botulinum toxin type A in the treatment of keloid or hypertrophic scars. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

5.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3424, 2021 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34103524

RESUMO

Immunologically-cold tumors including glioblastoma (GBM) are refractory to checkpoint blockade therapy, largely due to extensive infiltration of immunosuppressive macrophages (Mϕs). Consistent with a pro-tumor role of IL-6 in alternative Mϕs polarization, we here show that targeting IL-6 by genetic ablation or pharmacological inhibition moderately improves T-cell infiltration into GBM and enhances mouse survival; however, IL-6 inhibition does not synergize PD-1 and CTLA-4 checkpoint blockade. Interestingly, anti-IL-6 therapy reduces CD40 expression in GBM-associated Mϕs. We identify a Stat3/HIF-1α-mediated axis, through which IL-6 executes an anti-tumor role to induce CD40 expression in Mϕs. Combination of IL-6 inhibition with CD40 stimulation reverses Mϕ-mediated tumor immunosuppression, sensitizes tumors to checkpoint blockade, and extends animal survival in two syngeneic GBM models, particularly inducing complete regression of GL261 tumors after checkpoint blockade. Thus, antibody cocktail-based immunotherapy that combines checkpoint blockade with dual-targeting of IL-6 and CD40 may offer exciting opportunities for GBM and other solid tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Antígenos CD40/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/imunologia , Glioblastoma/terapia , Imunoterapia , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Animais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Deleção de Genes , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressão , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Testes de Neutralização , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Análise de Sobrevida
6.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(29): 15844-15848, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33973698

RESUMO

The size modulation of catalyst particles represents a useful dimension to tune catalytic performances by impacting not only their surface areas but also local electronic structures. It, however, has remained inadequately explored and poorly elucidated. Here, we report the interesting size-dependent selectivity of electrochemical CO2 reduction on In2 O3 nanocrystals. 5-nm nanoparticles and 15-nm nanocubes with focused size distribution are prepared via a facile solvothermal reaction in oleylamine by carefully controlling a set of experimental parameters. They serve as the precatalysts, and are reduced to In nanocrystals while largely inherit the original size feature during electrochemical CO2 reduction. Catalyst derived from 15-nm nanocubes exhibits greater formate selectivity (>95 %) at lower overpotential and negligible side reactions compared to bulk-like samples (indium foil and 200-nm cubes) as well as the catalyst derived from smaller 5-nm nanoparticles. This unique size dependence is rationalized as a result of the competition among different reaction pathways by our theoretical computations. Smaller is not always better in the catalyst design.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34033525

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoke (CS) inhalation triggers oxidative stress and inflammation, leading to accelerated lung aging, apoptosis, emphysema, and systemic pathologies. Metformin is beneficial against aging-related diseases, and we hypothesized that it may ameliorate CS-induced pathologies of emphysematous COPD. METHODS: Mice were exposed chronically to CS and fed metformin for the second half of exposure. Lung, kidney, and muscle pathologies, lung proteostasis, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, mitochondrial function, and mediators of metformin effects in vivo and/or in vitro were studied. We evaluated the association of metformin use with indices of emphysema progression over five years of follow-up among the COPDGene Study participants. The association of metformin use with percent emphysema and adjusted lung density was estimated with a linear mixed model. RESULTS: Metformin protected against CS-induced pulmonary inflammation, airspace enlargement, and small airway remodeling, glomerular shrinkage, oxidative stress, apoptosis, telomere damage, aging, dysmetabolism in vivo and in vitro, and ER stress. The AMPK pathway was central to metformin protective action. Within COPDGene, participants taking metformin compared to those not on it had slower progression of emphysema (-0.92%, CI; -1.7 to -0.14%, p = 0.02) and adjusted lung density decrease (2.2 g/L; 95% CI 0.43 to 4.0 g/L, p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Metformin protected against CS-induced lung, renal, and muscle injury, mitochondrial dysfunction, and UPR-ER stress in mice. In humans, metformin use was associated with lesser emphysema progression over time. Our results provide a rationale for clinical trials testing the efficacy of metformin in limiting emphysema progression and its systemic consequences.

8.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 48(11): 3457-3468, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797598

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Reconstructed transaxial cardiac SPECT images need to be reoriented into standard short-axis slices for subsequent accurate processing and analysis. We proposed a novel deep-learning-based method for fully automatic reorientation of cardiac SPECT images and evaluated its performance on data from two clinical centers. METHODS: We used a convolutional neural network to predict the 6 rigid-body transformation parameters and a spatial transformation network was then implemented to apply these parameters on the input images for image reorientation. A novel compound loss function which balanced the parametric similarity and penalized discrepancy of the prediction and training dataset was utilized in the training stage. Data from a set of 322 patients underwent data augmentation to 6440 groups of images for the network training, and a dataset of 52 patients from the same center and 23 patients from another center were used for evaluation. Similarity of the 6 parameters was analyzed between the proposed and the manual methods. Polar maps were generated from the output images and the averaged count values of the 17 segments were computed from polar maps to evaluate the quantitative accuracy of the proposed method. RESULTS: All the testing patients achieved automatic reorientation successfully. Linear regression results showed the 6 predicted rigid parameters and the average count value of the 17 segments having good agreement with the reference manual method. No significant difference by paired t-test was noticed between the rigid parameters of our method and the manual method (p > 0.05). Average count values of the 17 segments show a smaller difference of the proposed and manual methods than those between the existing and manual methods. CONCLUSION: The results strongly indicate the feasibility of our method in accurate automatic cardiac SPECT reorientation. This deep-learning-based reorientation method has great promise for clinical application and warrants further investigation.

9.
Nutrition ; 89: 111230, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838492

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: With the prevalence of diabetes worldwide, it is urgent to find a suitable treatment. Recently, the ketogenic diet has shown beneficial effects in reducing blood glucose, but some concerns have been raised about its probable side effects, such as hyperlipidemia and hepatic steatosis. Because a low-carbohydrate diet replaces part of the fat with carbohydrates on the basis of the ketogenic diet, we would like to know whether it does better in treating type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to explore the possibility of a low-carbohydrate diet as a substitute for a ketogenic diet intervention in mice with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: C57 BL/6 J mice with type 2 diabetes, constructed by a high-fat diet combined with streptozotocin, were fed a standard diet, a high-fat diet, a low-carbohydrate diet, or a ketogenic diet for 14 wk, respectively. Then glucose and insulin tolerance tests were conducted. At the end of the study, blood and liver samples were collected and analyzed for serum biochemical indicators, histopathologic evaluation, hepatic lipid and glycogen content, and expression levels of mRNA and protein. RESULTS: Reduced blood glucose could be observed in both low-carbohydrate and ketogenic diets, as well as improvement in glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. However, the ketogenic diet decreased liver glycogen content and promoted gluconeogenesis. Mechanistically, this effect was due to inhibition of phosphorylated AMP-activated protein kinase, which could be improved by a low-carbohydrate diet. Regarding lipid metabolism, the ketogenic diet increased lipid oxidation and reduced de novo lipogenesis, but the hepatic lipid content still inevitably increased. On the contrary, the low-carbohydrate diet reduced triacylglycerols and markers of liver damage. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, these findings suggest that both diets are effective in lowering blood glucose, improving glucose tolerance, and raising insulin sensitivity. Moreover, the low-carbohydrate diet plays a role in inhibiting hepatic gluconeogenesis and improving lipid metabolism. The results suggest that the two diets have different effects on glucose and lipid metabolism, and that the low-carbohydrate diet might have more benefits in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Dieta Cetogênica , Resistência à Insulina , Animais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Dieta com Restrição de Carboidratos , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Gluconeogênese , Glucose/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos
10.
Mol Hum Reprod ; 27(5)2021 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848337

RESUMO

Acephalic spermatozoa syndrome (ASS) is a rare teratozoospermia that leads to male infertility. Previous work suggested a genetic origin. Variants of Sad1 and UNC84 domain containing 5 (SUN5) are the main genetic cause of ASS; however, its pathogenesis remains unclear. Here, we performed whole-exome sequencing in 10 unrelated ASS and identified 2 homozygous variants, c.381delA[p.V128Sfs7*] and c.675C>A[p.Y225X], and 1 compound variant, c.88 C > T[p.R30X] and c.381 delA [p.V128Sfs7*], in SUN5 in 4 patients. The c.381delA variant had been identified as pathogenic in previous reports, while c.675C>A and c.88 C > T were two novel variants which could lead to a premature termination codon (PTC) and resulted in loss of SUN5, and may also be pathogenic. SUN5 mRNA and protein were present at very low levels in ASS patients with SUN5 nonsense mutation. Furthermore, the distribution of outer dense fiber protein 1 (ODF1) and Nesprin3 was altered in sperm of ASS patients with SUN5 variants. The co-immunoprecipitation analysis indicated that SUN5 and ODF1, SUN5 and Nesprin3, and ODF1 and Nesprin3 interacted with each other in transfected HEK293T cells. Thus, we propose that SUN5, Nesprin3, and ODF1 may form a 'triplet' structure through interactions at neck of sperm. When gene variants resulted in a loss of SUN5, the 'triplet' structure disappears and then the head-tail junction becomes fragile, leading to the occurrence of ASS.

11.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(27): 14858-14863, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33851777

RESUMO

Zeolites are a well-known family of microporous aluminosilicate crystals with a wide range of applications. Their industrial synthetic method under hydrothermal condition requires elevated temperature and long crystallization time and is therefore quite energy-consuming. Herein, we utilize high-energy electron beam irradiation generated by an industrial accelerator as a distinct type of energy source to activate the formation reaction of Na-A zeolite. The initial efforts afford an attractive reaction process that can be achieved under ambient conditions and completed within minutes with almost quantitative yield, leading to notable energy saving of one order of magnitude compared to the hydrothermal reaction. More importantly, electron beam irradiation simultaneously exhibits an etching effect during the formation of zeolite generating a series of crystal defects and additional pore windows that can be controlled by irradiation dose. These observations give rise to significantly enhanced surface area and heavy metal removal capabilities in comparison with Na-A zeolite synthesized hydrothermally. Finally, we show that this method can be applied to many other types of zeolites.

12.
Carcinogenesis ; 42(6): 831-841, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33928340

RESUMO

A non-invasive method to distinguish potential lung cancer patients would improve lung cancer prevention. We employed the RNA-sequencing analysis to profile serum exosomal long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and pneumonia controls, and then determined the diagnostic and prognostic value of a promising lncRNA in four datasets. We identified 90 dysregulated lncRNAs for NSCLC and found the most significant lncRNA was a novel isoform of linc01125. Serum exosomal linc01125 could distinguish NSCLC cases from disease-free and tuberculosis controls, with the area under the curve values as 0.662 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.614-0.711] and 0.624 (95% CI = 0.522-0.725), respectively. High expression of exosomal linc01125 was also correlated with an unfavorable overall survival of NSCLC (hazard ratio = 1.48, 95% CI = 1.05-2.08). Clinic treatment decreased serum exosomal linc01125 in NSCLC patients (P = 0.036). Linc01125 functions to inhibit cancer growth and metastasis via acting as a competing endogenous RNA to up-regulate tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced protein 3 (TNFAIP3) expression by sponging miR-19b-3p. Notably, the oncogenic transformation of 16HBE led to decreased linc01125 in cells but increased linc01125 in cell-derived exosomes. The expression of linc01125 in total exosomes was highly correlated with that in tumor-associated exosomes in serum. Moreover, lung cancer cells were capable of releasing linc01125 into exosomes in vitro and in vivo. Our analyses suggest serum exosomal linc01125 as a promising biomarker for non-invasively diagnosing NSCLC and predicting the prognosis of NSCLC.

13.
Theranostics ; 11(9): 4363-4380, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754066

RESUMO

Rationale: An improved understanding of thyroid hormone (TH) action on cholesterol metabolism will facilitate the identification of novel therapeutic targets for hypercholesterolemia. TH-regulated microRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in TH-controlled biological processes; however, whether and how TH-regulated miRNAs mediate the cholesterol-lowering effect of TH remains unclear. Our aim was to identify TH-regulated microRNAs that have cholesterol-lowering effects and explore the underlying mechanism. Method: Microarray and RNA-seq were performed to identify TH-regulated microRNAs and the genes regulated by mmu-miR-378-3p (miR-378) in the liver of mice, respectively. Recombinant adenoviruses encoding miR-378, Mafg, and shRNA for Mafg, antagomiR-378, liver-specific miR-378 transgenic mice, and miR-378 knockout mice were employed to investigate the roles of hepatic miR-378 and MAFG in cholesterol and bile acid homeostasis. The levels of bile salt species were determined by using UFLC-Triple-time of flight/MS. Results: Here, we show that hepatic miR-378 is positively regulated by TH. Transient overexpression of miR-378 in the liver of mice reduces serum cholesterol levels, accompanied with an increase in the expression of key enzymes in primary bile acid synthetic pathways and corresponding increases in biliary and fecal bile acid levels. Consistently, liver-specific miR-378 transgenic mice with moderate overexpression of hepatic miR-378 display decreased serum cholesterol levels and resistance to diet-induced hypercholesterolemia, while mice lacking miR-378 exhibit defects in bile acid and cholesterol homeostasis. Mechanistically, hepatic miR-378 regulates the expression of key enzymes in both classic and alternative bile acid synthetic pathways through MAFG, a transcriptional repressor, thereby modulating bile acid and cholesterol metabolism. Conclusions: TH-responsive hepatic miR-378 is capable of modulating serum cholesterol levels by regulating both the classic and alternative BA synthetic pathways. Our study not only identifies a previously undescribed role of hepatic miR-378 but also provides new cholesterol-lowering approaches.


Assuntos
Ácidos e Sais Biliares/metabolismo , Colesterol/sangue , Fígado/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Células HEK293 , Homeostase/genética , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/sangue , Hipercolesterolemia/genética , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos
14.
Physiol Rep ; 9(5): e14778, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656791

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: MMP-8 binds to surface-bound tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) on PMNs to promote pericellular proteolysis during the development of inflammatory diseases associated with tissue destruction. Little is known about the biology of MMP-8 in macrophages. We tested the hypotheses that: (1) MMP-8 and TIMP-1 are also expressed on the surface of activated macrophages, (2) surface-bound MMP-8 on macrophages promotes TIMP-resistant pericellular proteolysis and macrophage migration through tissue barriers, and (3) MMP-8 binds to surface-bound TIMP-1 on macrophages. METHODS: Surface MMP-8 and TIMP-1 levels were measured on human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) and/or murine macrophages using immunostaining, biotin-labeling, and substrate cleavage methods. The susceptibility of membrane-bound Mmp-8 on activated macrophages from wild-type (WT) mice to TIMPs was measured. Migration of WT and Mmp-8-/- macrophages through models of tissue barriers in vitro and the accumulation of peritoneal macrophages in WT versus Mmp-8-/- mice with sterile peritonitis was compared. Surface levels of Mmp-8 were compared on activated macrophages from WT and Timp-1-/- mice. RESULTS: Lipopolysaccharides and a cluster of differentiation 40 ligand increased surface MMP-8 and/or TIMP-1 staining and surface type I collagenase activity on MDM and/or murine macrophages. Activated Mmp-8-/- macrophages degraded less type I collagen than activated WT macrophages. The surface type-I collagenase activity on WT macrophages was resistant to inhibition by Timp-1. Peritoneal macrophage accumulation was similar in WT and Mmp-8-/- mice with sterile acute peritonitis. However, Mmp-8-/- macrophages migrated less efficiently through models of tissue barriers (especially those containing type I collagen) than WT cells. Activated WT and Timp-1-/- macrophages had similar surface-bound Mmp-8 levels. CONCLUSIONS: MMP-8 and TIMP-1 are expressed on the surface of activated human MDM and murine macrophages, but Mmp-8 is unlikely to bind to surface-bound Timp-1 on these cells. Surface-bound MMP-8 contributes to TIMP-resistant monocyte/macrophage pericellular proteolysis and macrophage migration through collagen-containing tissue barriers.

15.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(12): 3638-3646, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734700

RESUMO

Gliadins are the main cause of wheat allergies, and the prevalence of gliadin allergy has increased in many countries. l-Arabinose, a kind of plant-specific five-carbon aldose, possesses beneficial effects on food allergy to gliadins. This study investigated the antiallergic activities and underlying mechanisms of l-arabinose in a wheat gliadin-sensitized mouse model. BALB/c mice were sensitized to gliadin by intraperitoneal injections with gliadin followed by being given a gliadin challenge. l-arabinose-treated mice exhibited a marked reduction in the productions of total immunoglobulin E (IgE), gliadin-specific IgE, gliadin-specific IgG1, and histamine, with an increase in IgG2a level as compared with gliadin-sensitized mice. Beside that, a significant decrease in Th2-related cytokine level, IL-4, and an increase in Th1-related cytokine level, IFN-γ, in the serum and splenocytes were observed after treatment with l-arabinose. l-Arabinose treatment also improved the imbalance of Th1/Th2 immune response on the basis of the expression levels of related cytokines and key transcription factors in the small intestine and spleen of sensitized mice. In addition, gliadin-induced intestinal barrier impairment was blocked by l-arabinose treatment via regulation of TJ proteins and suppression of p38 MAPK and p65 NF-κB inflammation signaling pathways. Notably, the results confirmed that l-arabinose treatment increased CD4+ Foxp3+ T cell populations and Treg-related factors associated with increased expression of IL-2 and activation of STAT5 in gliadin-sensitized mice. In conclusion, l-arabinose attenuated the gliadin-induced allergic symptoms via maintenance of Th1/Th2 immune balance and regulation of Treg cells in a gliadin-induced mouse model, suggesting l-arabinose could be used as a promising agent to alleviate gliadin allergy.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade Alimentar , Gliadina , Animais , Arabinose , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Células Th1 , Células Th2 , Regulação para Cima
17.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(18): 9886-9890, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33590695

RESUMO

We disclose the intrinsic semiconducting properties of one of the largest mixed-valent uranium clusters, [H3 O+ ][UV (UVI O2 )8 (µ3 -O)6 (PhCOO)2 (Py(CH2 O)2 )4 (DMF)4 ] (Ph=phenyl, Py=pyridyl, DMF=N,N-dimethylformamide) (1). Single-crystal X-ray crystallography demonstrates that UV center is stabilized within a tetraoxo core surrounded by eight uranyl(VI) pentagonal bipyramidal centers. The oxidation states of uranium are substantiated by spectroscopic data and magnetic susceptibility measurement. Electronic spectroscopy and theory corroborate that UV species serve as electron donors and thus facilitate 1 being a n-type semiconductor. With the largest effective atomic number among all reported radiation-detection semiconductor materials, charge transport properties and photoconductivity were investigated under X-ray excitation for 1: a large on-off ratio of 500 and considerable charge mobility lifetime product of 2.3×10-4  cm2 V-1 , as well as a high detection sensitivity of 23.4 µC Gyair -1 cm-2 .

18.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(4): 2473-2481, 2021 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502843

RESUMO

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent toxic chemicals with both legacy sources (e.g., Aroclors) and new sources (e.g., unintentional contaminants in some pigments and varnishes). PCB sulfates are derived from further metabolism of hydroxylated PCBs (OH-PCBs), which are oxidative metabolites of PCBs. While OH-PCBs and PCB sulfates are implicated in multiple toxicological effects, studies of PCB sulfates in human serum have been limited by available analytical procedures. We have now developed a method for extraction of PCB sulfates from serum followed by differential analysis with, and without, sulfatase-catalyzed hydrolysis to OH-PCBs. A sulfatase from Helix pomatia was purified by affinity chromatography, and it displayed broad specificity for PCB sulfates without contaminant glucuronidase activity. Following sulfatase-catalyzed hydrolysis of the PCB sulfates extracted from serum, the corresponding OH-PCBs were derivatized to methoxy-PCBs and quantitated by GC-MS/MS. In a pooled sample of human serum, we identified 10 PCB sulfates, with three PCB sulfate congeners exhibiting the highest concentrations from 1200 to 3970 pg/g of serum. In conclusion, we have developed a sensitive and specific method for the determination of PCB sulfates in human serum.


Assuntos
Bifenilos Policlorados , Arocloros , Humanos , Hidroxilação , Sulfatos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
19.
Oral Oncol ; 114: 105183, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486432

RESUMO

Hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC) is an aggressive disease with poor prognosis, yet studies have largely been more qualitatively focused. Our study aims to quantitatively predict the risk of occult contralateral lymph node metastasis (cLNM) for HSCC patients with ipsilateral lymph node metastasis (iLNM). This will be based on pre- and post-operative indexes to guide the selection of prophylactic contralateral lymph node dissection (cLND) and postoperative adjuvant treatments. Multivariate analyses of 462 primary HSCC patients with iLNM showed that the age of patients, subregions of tumor, pathological T (pT) stage, ipsiateral MLS and metastatic lymph node number (MLN), and lymph nodal necrosis were independent cLNM risk factors. These were used to construct two nomograms that can effectively predict the contralateral neck involvement in HSCC patients with ipsilateral positive lymph nodes. The first nomogram (pre-model) provides quantitative assessment on the necessity of cLND, while the second nomogram (post-model) informs regions of interest for therapeutic radiation. Overall, patients deemed high-risk of cLNM by pre-model should receive cLND. Post-operation, patients deemed high-risk of cLNM by post-model should receive therapeutic radiation targeting contralateral neck lymph nodes, moderate-risk group warrants comparatively lower dose contralaterally, while low-risk group requires only follow-up.

20.
J Craniofac Surg ; Publish Ahead of Print2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33405459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although Park's "orbicularis-levator fixation technique" has been widely used as a mature double-eyelid surgery in China recently. Shortcomings related to this method cannot be ignored. Thus, a reverse orbicularis-tarsus fixation technique in double-eyelid blepharoplasty has now been devised. The method is to create a physiological double-eyelid fold based on the formation mechanism of double-eyelid creases. METHODS: A retrospective study of 112 Chinese patients who underwent double-eyelid surgery between October 2017 and September 2019 was undertaken through a review of medical records. All these patients underwent a reverse tarsus and orbicularis oculi muscle fixation technique, with postoperative follow-up ranging from 6 months to 2 years. Postoperative outcomes were reviewed, evaluated, and analyzed. RESULTS: Altogether, 112 patients who underwent the double-eyelid surgery were reviewed. Among them, the results were judged as excellent in 104 cases (92.9%), good in 4 cases (3.6%), fair in 3 cases (2.7%), and poor in 1 case (0.8%). Clinical effectiveness was satisfactory in most of the patients (104/112, 92.9%). Only 5 patients (4.5%) expressed subjective dissatisfaction with postoperative outcomes; of these, 3 patients complained of eyelids asymmetry (2.7%). Two patients complained of eyelids scar formation (1.7%); Whereas surgical revision was required in only 1 patient (0.8%). CONCLUSIONS: The reverse orbicularis-tarsus fixation technique for upper eyelid blepharoplasty is safe and effective, with better biomechanics and a satisfying aesthetic outcome. Therefore, this provides an alternative option in Chinese double-eyelid surgery.Level of Evidence: Level IV, case studies.

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