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2.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781030

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the toxic effects of different doses of baicalin on liver and kidney of rats after different time administration, and provide experimental reference for the safety of clinical medication. Methods: In April 2019, 42 Wistar male rats were randomly divided into a control group (0.9% sodium chloride solution) and baicalin administration groups (100, 200 mg/kg) , 14 rats in each group, and one was given by oral gavage. 7 times/d, 6 times/week, 7 rats in each group were sacrificed 28 and 56 days after the administration. The wet weights of liver and kidney were weighed and the organ coefficients were calculated. The hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to detect the histomorphological changes. And the levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) , aspartate aminotransferase (AST) , alkaline phosphatase (ALP) , blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (CRE) were detected. Results: After 56 days of administration in baicalin 200 mg/kg rats, the body weight and kidney coefficient were lower than those of the control group. Histopathology showed that glomerular atrophy became smaller, renal tubules were significantly atrophied, and epithelial cell necrosis occurred. No obvious abnormalities in liver was observed. After 56 days of administration in baicalin 200 mg/kg rats, the levels of BUN and CRE in the serum were higher than those of the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05) . There were no obvious abnormalities in the baicalin 100 mg/kg group and the 28 d of administration in baicalin 200 mg/kg group. Conclusion: Under the conditions of this test, baicalin has certain renal toxicity in male rats.


Assuntos
Rim , Fígado , Animais , Flavonoides , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ratos Wistar
3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781042

RESUMO

Objective: To develop the certified reference material of cadmium in human urine (freeze-dried) . Methods: Urine were collected from normal human, and then the urine samples were prepared by adding standard, mixing, packing and freeze-drying. After homogeneity test and stability test, the urine samples were determined by two methods in seven independent laboratories, the uncertainty of the certified reference material was evaluated. Results: Take at least 0.20 ml solution of the certified reference material per use, and the homogeneity is good. The freeze-dried materials can be kept stable for 12 months at ≤4 °C, and the re-dissolved reference materials can be stabilized for 7 days at 4 °C. The standard values and uncertainty of the two levels were (5.34±0.34) µg/L and (15.47±0.72) µg/L, respectively. Conclusion: The standards met the requirements of national standards, and can be used to verify the methods of detecting cadmium in human urine and to detect the samples.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Laboratórios , Liofilização , Humanos , Padrões de Referência
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(13): 945-949, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789376

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate parameters related to quantifying the amount of degeneration in preoperative patients to identify ideal indication of artificial cervical disc replacement (ACDR) in patient with a minimum of 10 years of follow-up data. Methods: From January 2004 to August 2008, a total of 44 patients underwent single level Bryan cervical disk replacement performed by the same group of surgeons were involved in this retrospective study, and all of the patients in this group had at least 10 years of follow-up data. Heterotopic ossification (HO) was graded in radiographic images by using the McAfee classification. Preoperative degeneration of cervical spine was evaluated in radiographs based on a quantitative"9 points"scoring system. Univariate analysis and multifactor logistic regression were made to identify significant factors. To determine the cut-off points for the significant factors, a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was conducted. Results: The incidence of HO in study group was 61.4%. Based on univariate analysis results, there were significant differences in the scores of disc height, the presence of anterior osteophytes and endplate sclerosis between the HO group and non-HO group (all P<0.05), and the indices were included in the multivariate analysis. According to the logistic regression results, disc height and endplate sclerosis were identified as the independent risk factors for HO(OR(95%CI): 10.801(1.202-97.064), 37.870(1.581-907.237), respectively, both P<0.05). ROC analysis showed the area under the curve (AUC) of disc height and endplate sclerosis were 0.822 and 0.792, respectively. According to the scoring system, the ROC curve indicated that both the optimal cutoff points were 1.5. Conclusion: The incidence of postoperative HO is relatively high among the patients who had more than 10 years follow-up, and the amount of degeneration in the target level before surgery correlated with the incidence of HO.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Ossificação Heterotópica , Substituição Total de Disco , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Pescoço , Ossificação Heterotópica/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Substituição Total de Disco/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Anim Genet ; 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33778967

RESUMO

Inner Mongolia Cashmere goat is a well-known local cashmere goat breed in China. It is famous for excellent fleece quality and a significant advantage in cashmere yield compared to other cashmere goat breeds. In this study, a genome-wide association study was used to investigate fiber length, fiber diameter, and cashmere yield of 192 Inner Mongolia Cashmere goats using the Illumina GoatSNP52K Beadchip panel. We discovered that four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) reached genome-wide significance levels. These SNPs were located in some genes, e.g. FGF12, SEMA3D, EVPL, and SOX5, possibly related to fleece traits in Inner Mongolia Cashmere goat. Gene ontology enrichment analysis revealed that these genes were enriched in several biological pathways that were involved in hair follicle development in cashmere goats. In summary, the identified significant SNPs and genes provide useful information to explore genetic mechanisms underlying the variation in fleece traits and genomic selection of Chinese cashmere goat.

7.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(3): 345-350, 2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33752316

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of patients with uterine clear cell carcinoma (UCCC). Methods: UCCC patients who underwent surgery and complete follow-up at Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analysis were used for survival analysis. Results: The study included 34 patients. Only 18 patients (52.9%) were diagnosed with UCCC preoperatively and 8 patients (23.5%) underwent UCCC standard comprehensive staging surgery. Among the 34 patients, stage ⅠA was 17 cases (50.0%), stage ⅠB was 1 case (2.9%), stage Ⅱ was 4 cases (11.8%), stage ⅢA was 2 cases (5.9%), stage ⅢB was 1 case (2.9%), stage ⅢC1 was 5 cases (14.7%) and stage ⅣB was 4 cases (11.8%). The median follow-up period was 72 months, 5-years disease-free survival (DFS) rate and overall survival (OS) rates for all patients were 79.1% and 81.3%, respectively. Univariate analysis result showed that preoperative CA125 level, range of lymphadenectomy, tumor stage and peritoneal cytology were significantly associated with DFS (P<0.05). Preoperative CA125 level, range of lymphadenectomy, tumor stage, peritoneal cytology and lymph vascular space invasion were significantly associated with OS (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis result showed that peritoneal cytology was the only independent prognostic factor for DFS, the relapse risk of peritoneal cytology positive patients was 11.47 folds higher than that of the negative patients (P=0.009). Tumor stage was the only independent prognostic factor for OS, the death risk of ⅣB stage patients was 25.29 folds higher than that of theⅠA stage (P=0.009). Conclusions: The preoperative pathological diagnosis of UCCC is difficult, which results in incomplete surgical staging. Peritoneal cytology and tumor stage are independent prognostic factors for DFS and OS of UCCC patients, which deserve much more attention in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Uterinas , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias Uterinas/cirurgia
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(10): 727-731, 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721952

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects and mechanisms of Xuezhikang on preventing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in diabetic rats. Methods: Streptozotocin (65 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally to establish a diabetes model in 7-week-old male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. After 4 weeks of modeling, 24 diabetic rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: sham group, CIN group, CIN+vehicle (Veh) group and Xuezhikang group. All animals were sacrificed at 24 hours after administration of contrast. Blood and kidney tissues were collected to detect biochemical, inflammation-related, oxidative stress-related and pathological indicators. Results: After administration of contrast agent, the renal function-related indicators were decreased in Xuezhikang group compared with CIN+Veh group [serum creatinine (SCr): (59.3±3.3) µmol/L vs (73.2±4.1) µmol/L; blood urea nitrogen (BUN): (13.8±0.5) mmol/L vs (16.3±0.6) mmol/L; serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (sNGAL): (41.4±2.0) ng/ml vs (54.9±4.4) ng/ml; urinary kidney injury moleculer-1 (uKIM-1): (11.1±0.5) ng/ml vs (16.6±0.5) ng/ml] (all P<0.05). Histological analysis showed that the severity of renal tubule dilatation, brush border loss and renal tubular cell necrosis in Xuezhikang group was better than that of CIN+Veh group. Additionally, the oxidative stress-related indicators of Xuezhikang group improved compared with those of CIN+Veh group [malondialdehyde (MDA): (12.1±0.7) nmol/mg vs (15.5±0.8) nmol/mg, superoxide dismutase (SOD): (35.0±2.2) U/mg vs (23.7±3.4) U/mg, renal nitrite: (1.7±0.1) nmol/mg vs (1.2±0.1) nmol/mg, all P<0.05]. Meanwhile, Xuezhikang pretreatment downregulated the mRNA and protein expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) (both P<0.05). Conclusion: The current study suggests that Xuezhikang protects against CIN in diabetic rats by inhibiting oxidative stress and inflammation.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Rim , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
9.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691362

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the inhibitory effect and molecular mechanism of microRNA-30d (miR-30d) in the process of proliferation, migration and invasion of malignant mesothelioma cell line MSTO-211H. Methods: In April 2017, the human MSTO-211H cells was used to establish miR-30d overexpressed MSTO-211H cell model by transfection of miR-30d mimics. The qRT-PCR was performed to detect the expression level of miR-30d in the cells transfected miR-30d mimics. The effects of miR-30d on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of MSTO-211H cells were analyzed by CCK-8 experiment, flow cytometry, cell scratch experiment and Transwell method. Results: After transfection of miR-30d, the expression level of miR-30d in the MSTO-211H+miR-30d cells group was significantly higher than MSTO-211H+miR NC cells group (P<0.01) . The cell activity of MSTO-211H+miR-30d group (105.13%±2.35%) was significantly lower than MSTO-211H+miR NC cells group (115.40%±1.35%) , and the level of apoptosis (3.97%±0.36%) was significantly higher than MSTO-211H+miR NC cells group (1.47%±0.10%) (P<0.01) . The relative migration areas at 12 and 24 h of MSTO-211H+miR-30d cells group (9.35±3.16 µm(2) and 58.19±1.82 µm(2)) were significantly lower than MSTO-211H+miR NC cells group (54.42±5.26 µm(2) and 88.32±1.96 µm(2)) (P<0.01) . Compared with the MSTO-211H+miR NC cells group, the numbers of cell migration and cell invasion were reduced in the MSTO-211H+miR-30d cells group (P<0.01) . Conclusion: miR-30d can regulate the progression of malignant pleural mesothelioma by inhibiting the proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of MSTO-211H cells.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica
10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691363

RESUMO

Objective: To study the cytotoxicity and malignant transformation ability of chrysotile on MeT-5A cells. Methods: In June 2016, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) method was used to detect the cytotoxicity of chrysotile to MeT-5A cells. MeT-5A cells were treated with 5 µg/cm(2) chrysotile intermittently for 24 h a time, once a week and a total of 28 times. After the cells showed anchorage independent growth, the cell features of malignant transformation were identified by colony forming frequency in soft agar, and the soft agar colony formation rates were calculated. The activities of key speed limiting enzymes of glycolysis metabolism including hexokinase (HK) , phosphofructokinase (PFK) and pyruvate kinase (PK) were determined by UV colorimetry. Results: Chrysotile was cytotoxic to MeT-5A cells in a concentration-dependent decline. Compared with the control group, the relative survival rates of MeT-5A cells were significantly decreased after exposed to chrysotile at 10, 20, 40 and 80 µg/cm(2) (P<0.05) . After 28 times of exposure, the growth rate of the cells in chrysotile transformed MeT-5A cells was accelerated, the arrangement was disordered, the contact inhibition was lost, and the double layer growth appeared, which could grow on soft agar. The colony forming rate of the chrysotile transformed MeT-5A cells was 18.33‰±2.49‰. Compared with the control group (0) , the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01) . The activities of glycolysis related kinase including PK [ (19.51±1.52) U/L], PFK[ (0.12±0.02) U/10(4) cell] and HK[ (0.26±0.01) U/10(4) cell] were increased in the chrysotile transformed MeT-5A cells compared with control group [ (25.00±1.04) U/L、(0.15±0.01) U/10(4) cell and (0.33±0.01) U/10(4) cell] (P<0.01) . Conclusion: Chrysotile can induce malignant transformation of MeT-5A cells and increase the activities of glycolysis related kinases including PK, PFK and HK.


Assuntos
Asbestos Serpentinas , Fosfofrutoquinase-1 , Asbestos Serpentinas/toxicidade , Glicólise , Hexoquinase/metabolismo , Fosfofrutoquinase-1/metabolismo , Piruvato Quinase/metabolismo
11.
Poult Sci ; 100(3): 100965, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652534

RESUMO

We studied the correlations between egg geometrical parameters (i.e., egg shape index, sphericity, geometric mean diameter, surface area, and volume) and eggshell qualities, or the organic matrix in eggshell. Eggs were collected from 5 poultry breeds belonging to 3 species (commercial Hy-line Brown Chicken, Shaoxing Duck, Jinding Duck, Taihu Goose, and Zhedong White Goose). The geometrical parameters showed high variation among 3 species of poultry, and even between breeds in the same species. The five geometrical parameters were grouped into 2 sets, one contained shape index and sphericity, the other comprised geometric mean diameter, surface area, and volume. The parameters in the same set can be perfectly fitted to one another. Egg weight, shell membrane weight, and calcified shell weight were significantly correlated with geometric mean diameter, surface area, and volume. In accordance with false discovery rate-adjusted P value, both shell membrane relative weight and calcified shell thickness showed no significant correlations with any of the geometrical parameters. However, the correlations between geometrical parameters and other shell variables (calcified shell weight, shell relative weight, calcified shell thickness uniformity, and eggshell breaking strength) depend on breed. Both constitutive proportions and percentage contents of 3 eggshell matrix components (acid-insoluble, water-insoluble, and both acid and water facultative-soluble matrix) had no effects on egg shape and size. The correlations between the amounts of various shell matrix, egg shape and size depend on breed or species. This study provides a methodology and the correlation between geometrical parameters and eggshell qualities, and between geometrical parameters and organic matrix components in calcified shells.

12.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(1): 52-57, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677869

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the expression of iron-regulating erythroid factors in different types of erythropoiesis disorders. Methods: From January 2016 to November 2019, the plasma concentrations of iron-regulating erythroid factors were measured by ELISA methods in 47 patients with different types of erythropoiesis disorders. The adaptation orientation of iron-regulating erythroid factor expression with bone marrow erythropoiesis activities (represented by bone marrow-nucleated erythrocytes ratio) was analyzed. Results: The median plasma growth differentiation factor (GDF) 15 levels in patients with polycythemia vera (PV) , pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) , autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) , and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) were 266.01 ng/L (112.40, 452.37) , 110.63 ng/L (81.41, 220.42) , 52.11 ng/L (32.61, 171.66) , and 276.53 (132.16, 525.70) ng/L, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in normal patients with 37.45 (19.65, 57.72) ng/L (all P < 0.01) . The plasma TWSG1 expression levels were not significantly different in patients with PV, PRCA, AIHA, and MDS from those of normal patients (P>0.05) . The median plasma GDF11 level in PV was 74.75 (10.95, 121.32) ng/L, which was significantly higher than 36.90 (3.38, 98.34) ng/L in normal control subjects (P<0.01) . However, no statistical differences were observed in the other three subjects (P>0.05) . The median plasma erythroferrone (ERFE) levels in AIHA and PV were 121.76 ng/L (68.12, 343.11) and 129.63 (47.02, 170.03) ng/L, respectively, with the highest level in AIHA in all the studied types of erythropoiesis disorders. The bone marrow-nucleated erythrocytes ratio was significantly and positively correlated with ERFE (r=0.458, P=0.001) but not with GDF15 (r=-0.163, P=0.274) , GDF11 (r=0.120, P=0.421) , and TWSG1 (r=-0.166, P=0.269) . Conclusion: The expression profile of iron-regulating erythroid factors is not exactly the same in different types of erythropoiesis disorders. ERFE demonstrated the highest correlation with erythropoiesis activities.


Assuntos
Anemia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas , Eritropoese , Fatores de Diferenciação de Crescimento , Hepcidinas , Humanos , Ferro
13.
Poult Sci ; 100(4): 100972, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33588342

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to determine the ileal digestible energy (IDE), ME, and MEn of rice, broken rice, and rice bran. The birds were fed a standard starter diet from day 0 to 14 and experimental diets from day 15 to 21 after hatching. A total of 336 birds were grouped by BW and assigned to 7 diets, each diet comprised 8 replicates with 6 birds per replicate. The diets comprised a reference diet (RD) and 6 test diets (TD). The TD contained 2 levels of rice, broken rice or rice bran that partly replaced the energy sources in the RD at 120 or 240 g/kg (rice and broken rice) or 150 or 300 g/kg (rice bran). Addition of rice or broken rice to RD linearly increased (P < 0.01) ileal digestibility of DM, energy, as well as total tract metabolizability of DM, energy, and N-corrected energy in the TD. The inclusion of rice bran in the TD linearly decreased (P < 0.01) energy digestibility and utilization in the test diet. Regressions of rice-associated, broken rice-associated, or rice bran-associated IDE, ME, or MEn intake in kcal against rice, broken rice, or rice bran intake were as follows: IDE = Y = 2 (6) + 3,185 (73) × Rice + 3,199 (72) × Broken Rice + 2,562 (61) × Rice Bran, r2 = 0.98; ME = Y = 8 (6) + 3,103 (72) × Rice + 3,190 (71) × Broken Rice + 2,709 (60) × Rice Bran, r2 = 0.98; MEn = Y = 4 (5) + 3,014 (68) × Rice + 3,092 (101) × Broken Rice + 2,624 (57) × Rice Bran, r2 = 0.98; Based on the regression equations, the IDE, ME, MEn values (kcal/kg of DM) of rice were 3,185, 3,103 and 3,014, respectively, while for broken rice, the values were 3,199, 3,190, and 3,092 and for rice bran, the values were 2,562, 2,709, and 2,624, respectively.

14.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(1): 46-53, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541023

RESUMO

Objective: To explore pyrrolizidine alkaloid-induced hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (PA-HSOS) severity grading to predict the prognostic value for PA-HSOS patients treated with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). Methods: Clinical data of patients with PA-HSOS who were critically ill or had ineffective drug treatment and underwent TIPS treatment from December 2013 to September 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. PA-HSOS severity grading criteria in adult was quoted, revised and defined from the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT). The survival time, the rate of shunt dysfunction and the incidence of postoperative hepatic encephalopathy in different severity groups after TIPS were compared. Univariate Cox or Binomial Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the impact of each variable. Variables with P < 0.1 were regarded as statistically significant variables for the prognosis, and were introduced into Cox or Binomial Logistic regression hierarchical regression analysis as controlled covariates. PA-HSOS severity grading was analyzed as dummy variables. Results: A total of 102 patient data were collected, and the median follow-up time was 14.52 months. The difference in survival time of patients with different severity levels was statistically significant (P = 0.023). The mortality risk in moderate patients was 1.575 times higher than that of mild patients (95%CI: 0.216-11.457, P = 0.654). The mortality risk of severe and very severe patients was 7.424 times higher than that of mild patients (95% CI: 1.612-34.197, P = 0.010). There was no statistically significant difference in postoperative hepatic encephalopathy recurrence rate and shunt dysfunction rate (P > 0.05). Conclusion: PA-HSOS severity grading has prognostic value for PA-HSOS patients receiving TIPS treatment, and can be used as an important reference for guiding the timing of TIPS intervention.


Assuntos
Encefalopatia Hepática , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva , Derivação Portossistêmica Transjugular Intra-Hepática , Alcaloides de Pirrolizidina , Adulto , Encefalopatia Hepática/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(2): 86-89, 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541048

RESUMO

With the improvement of intraocular lens materials and function design, phakic intraocular lens implantation has been widely carried out for myopia and astigmatism and achieved satisfactory clinical results at home and abroad. The range of corrected myopia diopters has gradually changed from previous super-high and high myopia to low myopia. With the expansion of the scope of indications and applications, it is necessary to strengthen the standardization of phakic intraocular lens implantation for myopia and astigmatism, and it is particularly important to further improve its safety and quality control. This article discusses how to rationally select indications, increase the accuracy of the design, and effectively prevent surgical complications, providing a reference for further improvement of clinical safety and quality control. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 86-89).


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Lentes Intraoculares , Miopia , Lentes Intraoculares Fácicas , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Miopia/cirurgia , Refração Ocular , Resultado do Tratamento , Acuidade Visual
16.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(1): 151-160, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543608

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most frequent primary malignancy in bone, and commonly occurs in children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to assess the aberrant expression of miR-1274a in OS patients, and to evaluate the role of miR-1274a as a prognostic biomarker and tumor suppressor in OS progression. miR-1274a expression was estimated using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analysis were used to evaluate the prognostic value of miR-1274a in OS. Gain- and loss-of-function in vitro experiments were used to explore the functional role of miR-1274a in OS progression. A target gene of miR-1274a was analyzed using a dual-luciferase reporter assay. miR-1274a expression was decreased in OS tissues and associated with distant metastasis and clinical stages in OS patients. Low miR-1274a could predict poor overall survival and disease-free survival in OS. The overexpression of miR-1274a could inhibit OS cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Additionally, ADAM9 was demonstrated to serve as a direct target of miR-1274a in OS cells. In conclusion, reduced miR-1274a predicts poor prognosis and serves as a potential tumor suppressor in OS. ADAM9 is a target of miR-1274a, which may mediate the functional role of miR-1274a in OS progression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteossarcoma , Proteínas ADAM , Biomarcadores , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Osteossarcoma/genética , Prognóstico
18.
Eur Cell Mater ; 41: 142-152, 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533018

RESUMO

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is the leading cause of low-back pain. Implantation of hyaluronic acid (HA) is potentially a therapeutic strategy for IDD, but its pharmacological effects and mechanism under hypoxic conditions remain unclear. In this study, the expression of extracellular matrix genes and proteins were enhanced in nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) in the presence of HA under hypoxic condition, as shown by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, immunofluorescence staining, and dimethylmethylene blue assays. Moreover, the expression of CD44 was increased in the presence of both HA and hypoxia compared to either alone. Using a bioinformatic database, hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), a key transcription factor in the hypoxic condition, was found to have 4 predicted binding sites on the CD44 promoter. CD44 expression was significantly increased by treatment with cobalt chloride or dimethyloxalylglycine. Over-expression of HIF-1α in NPCs significantly up-regulated the expression of CD44. The binding site of HIF-1α in the CD44 promoter region, was identified by promoter truncation experiments and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. Taken together, these results indicated that hypoxic conditions positively potentiated the ability of NPCs matrix synthesis in the presence of HA, which correlated with the increasing CD44 expression by HIF-1α transcriptional activation.

19.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(1): 34-42, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486926

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the value of high-resolution anoscopy (HRA) in the diagnosis of anal precancerous lesions. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed, which included 142 patients who underwent HRA in vulvar and anal clinic at Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University from January 2014 to December 2019. With the perianal and anal canal biopsy pathology as the "gold standard", the diagnostic value of HRA and specific findings for anal precancerous lesions were evaluated and the clinical characteristics of patients with anal precancerous lesions were analyzed. Results: (1) Agreement between HRA and anal pathology were 76.6% (95/124, perianal) and 70.0% (84/120, anal canal), in which there was no significant difference (χ2=1.365, P=0.243). The strength of agreement with weighted Kappa statistic were 0.604 (perianal) and 0.455 (anal canal) respectively. HRA diagnosis were more overestimated [16.9% (21/124) in perianal and 25.0% (30/120) in anal canal] than underestimated [6.5% (8/124) in perianal and 5.0% (6/120) in anal canal]. The sensitivity and specificity of HRA in the diagnosis of anal precancerous lesions were all more than 60.0% (perianal lesions: 97.8% and 74.7%; anal canal lesions: 90.9% and 66.7%), and Youden's index were >0.5 (perianal lesions: 0.725; anal canal lesions: 0.576). The positive predictive value of HRA in anal canal lesions (50.8%) was lower than that in perianal lesions (68.8%). (2) The thin acetowhite epithelium was the most common finding in anal precancerous lesions, and its performance in anal canal lesions (the sensitivity, the specificity and the Youden's index were 78.8%, 62.4% and 0.412, respectively) were better than those in perianal lesions (the sensitivity, the specificity and the Youden's index were 28.9%, 96.9% and 0.258, respectively). The dense acetowhite epithelium and vascular patterns were only seen in anal canal lesions. Lugol's iodine was little useful for perianal lesions (the incidence of iodine negative was 0),but quite useful to evaluate the canal lesions (the positive predictive value was 83.3% and the negative predictive value was 82.3%). (3) The average age of patients with low-grade anal precancerous lesion was (37±10) years old, and high-grade anal precancerous lesion was (42±11) years old, and there was significant difference between them (P=0.034). Age curve showed that the peak age was 30-40 years old. Vulvar intraepithelial lesion was the risk factor of anal precancerous lesions (χ2=4.284, P<0.05). Conclusions: HRA patterns are reliable in the diagnosis of anal precancerous lesions, which is important for guiding biopsy. However, it is easy to be overestimated, especially for anal canal lesions. The acetowhite epithelium is the most common finding in anal precancerous lesions, but vascular patterns are only seen in anal canal lesions.


Assuntos
Canal Anal/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Ânus/patologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Proctoscopia/métodos , Adulto , Neoplasias do Ânus/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(1): 137-142, 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33472327

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of anatomical partial lobectomy. Methods: The clinical data of 3 336 patients with lung nodules underwent anatomical partial lobectomy in our center from November 2013 to November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. We set the safety margin distance according to the imaging feature of the lesion. The surgeons then anatomically detached the major vessels and bronchus in this region, resected the targeted lung tissue along the plane, and completed the resection of anatomical pulmonary lobe and clean and sampling of systemic lymph nodules. Results: A total of 668 cases were multiple nodules and 2 668 cases were solitary pulmonary nodules. According to the postoperative pathological results, 283 cases were benign, 1 197 cases were preinvasive lesions (including 38 cases of atypical adenomatous hyperplasia, 445 cases of adenocarcinoma in situ and 714 cases of minimally invasive adenocarcinoma), 1 713 cases were invasive adenocarcinoma, 73 cases were non-adenocarcinoma and 70 cases were metastatic carcinoma. Among 1 786 invasive primary lung cancers, 11 cases received preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and their postoperative pathologic diagnoses were stage ypIA. Other 1 775 cases who did not receive postoperative neoadjuvant treatment included 1 587 cases in stage ⅠA, 112 cases in stage ⅠB, 3 cases in stage ⅡA, 18 cases in stage ⅡB, 37 cases in stage ⅢA, 9 cases in stage ⅢB, 9 cases in stage Ⅳ. The average operation time was (127.3±55.3) minutes, and the mean postoperative hospital stay was (4.8±2.4) days. The incidence rate of complications (grade>2) was 1.1%(38/3 336), and no death occurred during 30 days after operation. Conclusion: Anatomic partial lobectomy has good clinical applicability, safety and effectiveness, which is worthy of clinical application and recommendation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário , Humanos , Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/diagnóstico por imagem , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/cirurgia , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida
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