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1.
Carbohydr Polym ; 300: 120236, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372474

RESUMO

Hidden pores (including compact shell and porous core pores) occur naturally in polar animals' feathers/fur, and they show exceptional capability for thermal insulation. The facile implementation of such an architecture in macroscopic fibers is challenging. In this work, gradient assembly is developed to prepare biological hidden nanoporous fibers (average aperture, ~80 nm). Namely, a weak polyanion (alginic acid) and a polycation (quaternary chitosan) were dissolved in dimethyl sulphoxide (the anion charge of alginic acid was largely shielded) and then spun to ethanol/water/ammonia solution, whereby ammonia triggered the polymer assembly from the shell to the core. This presents an efficient process in 20 min, which is in stark contrast to tedious freeze-spinning or template methods. The as-prepared green textiles featuring much lower thermally conductivity (0.033 W m-1 K-1) compared with the conventional microporous/compact fibers, as well as robust mechanical strength and enhanced solar/electric-heat-harvesting properties, holding great potential to replace the unsustainable animal products.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Nanoporos , Animais , Ácido Algínico , Biomimética , Amônia , Têxteis
2.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt B): 134664, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327508

RESUMO

Fruit and vegetable postharvest diseases wreak havoc on food supply and the market economy. Meanwhile, the frequent use of synthetic fungicides poses a threat to the environment and public health. Marine oligosaccharides can act as an elicitor of postharvest disease resistance in fruits and also show broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. Therefore, this review focuses on the mechanism and technology of marine oligosaccharides for postharvest disease control and compares them to horticulture studies to highlight the limitations of existing research and the prospects for future study. It is critical to developing marine oligosaccharides-based products for postharvest disease control.


Assuntos
Frutas , Fungicidas Industriais , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Verduras , Oligossacarídeos/farmacologia , Tecnologia
3.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 220: 114888, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36410156

RESUMO

In order to address the need for long-term, in-situ and inexpensive monitoring of dissolved oxygen (DO), a chitin-carrying microbial fuel cell (MFC) based DO sensor was developed using sediment anolyte, which had an extremely low cost of US$12.17 and comparable performance to certain commercial sensors. The MFC based DO sensor had a long lifetime of over half a year with chitin as the fuel, attributed to the syntrophic interactions between fermentative and exoelectrogenic microbes that were well developed for chitin degradation in anaerobic condition with sediment filling in the anode chamber. The use of sediment anolyte introduced hindered diffusion in the porous media, enabling the use of glass fiber as the separator to replace the ion exchange membrane and thus resulting in a much lower cost. Field tests of this MFC based DO sensor were conducted in fresh and saline waters respectively. Excellent performance was achieved with average deviations of <4.5% to three commercial methods of fiber optic sensor (HQ40d, HACH company, USA), Clark type sensor (Pro20i, YSI company, USA) and iodometry. This low-cost MFC sensor also showed a high reliability, with the same response of current generation to different DO levels in random 17-times tests, indicating its great market potentials for in-situ DO monitoring.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Oxigênio , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Quitina
4.
Nat Metab ; 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456724

RESUMO

Dietary restriction is widely used to reduce fat mass and lose weight in individuals with or without obesity; however, weight regain after dieting is still a big challenge, and the underlying mechanisms remain largely elusive. Here we show that refeeding after various types of dieting induces quick fat accumulation in mice and enhanced intestinal lipid absorption contributes to post-dieting fat mass increase. Moreover, refeeding after short-term dietary restriction is accompanied by an increase in intestinal Lactobacillus and its metabolites, which contributes to enhanced intestinal lipid absorption and post-dieting fat mass increase; however, refeeding a high-protein diet after short-term dietary restriction attenuates intestinal lipid absorption and represses fat accumulation by preventing Lactobacillus growth. Our results provide insight into the mechanisms underlying fat mass increase after dieting. We also propose that targeting intestinal Lactobacillus to inhibit intestinal lipid absorption via high-protein diet or antibiotics is likely an effective strategy to prevent obesity after dieting.

5.
World J Stem Cells ; 14(10): 744-755, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337155

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is considered to be a highly heterogeneous disease with progressive cartilage loss, subchondral bone remodeling, and low-grade inflammation. It is one of the world's leading causes of disability. Most conventional clinical treatments for OA are palliative drugs, which cannot fundamentally cure this disease. The stromal vascular fraction (SVF) from adipose tissues is a heterogeneous cell population. According to previous studies, it contains a large number of mesenchymal stem cells, which have been used to treat OA with good therapeutic results. This safe, simple, and effective therapy is expected to be applied and promoted in the future. In this paper, the detailed pathogenesis, diagnosis, and current clinical treatments for OA are introduced. Then, clinical studies and the therapeutic mechanism of SVF for the treatment of OA are summarized.

6.
Front Surg ; 9: 899195, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338644

RESUMO

Background: Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is a congenital craniofacial deformity characterized by micrognathia, glossoptosis and airway obstruction. Some affected neonates are born with severe life-threatening upper airway obstruction that requires surgery. If without timely treatment, it is possible to cause not only organ damage and developmental abnormalities but also early newborn mortality. Case presentation: In this report, a 51-hours-old neonate was diagnosed with PRS, who had severe upper airway obstruction and required surgery. We performed the modified mandible traction with wires at four days old and achieved a satisfactory result in improving airway obstruction. No other complications were observed except for mild local infection. No overlap of other more complex syndromes was found, such as ocular abnormalities, hearing loss, other skeletal abnormalities, cardiac abnormalities or other atypical abnormalities. At the present follow-up until 2 years old, there were no significant differences in the maxillofacial appearance, teeth growth, breathing, feeding, growth and development between the patient and normal children. Conclusion: The modified mandible traction with wires can safely and effectively resolve micrognathia, the key to treating PRS, which is minimally invasive, simple and provides immediate relief of airway obstruction with no long term complications compared with other surgical methods. This report aims to provide more evidence of the successful treatment of neonatal PRS micrognathia by modified mandible traction with wires.

7.
Neurochem Res ; 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36383323

RESUMO

Post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) caused by mild TBI (mild traumatic brain injury, mTBI) has a high incidence and poor prognosis, but its mechanisms are unclear. Herein, we investigated the role of reduced levels of neuronal autophagy during the latency period in the increased susceptibility to PTE. In the study, a gentle whole-body mechanical trauma rat model was prepared using Noble-Collip drums, and the extent of injury was observed by cranial CT and HE staining of hippocampal tissue. The incidence of epilepsy and its seizure form were observed 7-90 days after mTBI, and electroencephalography (EEG) was recorded during seizures in rats. Subcortical injection of non-epileptogenic dose of ferrous chloride (FeCl2) was used to observe the changes of PTE incidence after mTBI. Western blot and Real-time PCR were used to detect the level of autophagy in hippocampal cells at different time points during the latency period of PTE, and its incidence was observed after up-regulation of autophagy after administration of autophagy agonist-rapamycin. The results showed that mTBI was prepared by Noble-Collip drum, which could better simulate the clinical mTBI process. There was no intracerebral hemorrhage and necrosis in rats, no early-onset seizures, and the incidence of PTE after mTBI was 26.7%. The incidence of PTE was 56.7% in rats injected cortically with FeCl2 at a dose lower than the epileptogenic dose 48 h after mTBI, and the difference was significant compared with no FeCl2 injection, suggesting an increased susceptibility to PTE after mTBI. Further study of neuronal autophagy during PTE latency revealed that autophagy levels were reduced, and the incidence of PTE was significantly reduced after administration of rapamycin to upregulate autophagy. Taken together, the decreased level of neuronal autophagy during the latency period may be a possible mechanism for the increased susceptibility to PTE after mTBI.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36331361

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Develop and test a flexible, scalable tool using interrupted time series (ITS) analysis to assess the impact of Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory actions on drug use. METHODS: We applied the tool in the Sentinel Distributed Database to assess the impact of FDA's 2010 drug safety communications (DSC) concerning the safety of long-acting beta2-agonists (LABA) in adult asthma patients. We evaluated changes in LABA use by measuring the initiation of LABA alone and concomitant use of LABA and asthma controller medications (ACM) after the DSCs. The tool generated ITS graphs and used segmented regression to estimate baseline slope, level change, slope change, and absolute and relative changes at up to two user-specified time point (s) after the intervention. We tested the tool and compared our results against prior analyses that used similar measures. RESULTS: Initiation of LABA alone declined among asthma patients aged 18-45 years before FDA DSCs (-0.10% per quarter; 95%CI: -0.11% to -0.09%) and the downward trend continued after. Concomitant use of LABA and ACM was stable before FDA DSCs. After FDA DSCs, there was a small trend decrease of 0.006% per quarter (95% CI, -0.008% to -0.003%). We found similar results among those aged 46-64 years and patients with poorly-controlled asthma. Our results were consistent with previous studies, confirming the performance of the new tool. CONCLUSIONS: We developed and tested a reusable ITS tool in real-world databases formatted to the Sentinel Common Data Model that can assess the impact of regulatory actions on drug use.

9.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1047907, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439438

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been used to treat various diseases including Alzheimer's disease and cancer. In particular, the immunomodulatory function of MSCs plays a major role in cancer therapy using stem cells. However, MSCs exert promotive and inhibitory effects on cancer. The immunomodulatory effects of MSCs in the tumor microenvironment (TME) are ambiguous, which is the primary reason for the different outcomes of MSCs therapies for tumors. This review discusses the use of MSCs in cancer immunotherapy and their immunomodulatory mechanisms in cancers.

10.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1008420, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36406456

RESUMO

Vaccination is one of the best ways to control the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) epidemic. Among the various SARS-CoV-2 vaccines approved for use, the BBIBP-CorV inactivated vaccine has been widely used in 93 countries. In order to understand deeply the protective mechanism of inactivated vaccine, which retains all antigenic components of live virus, the analysis of humoral responses triggered by multiple proteins is necessary. In this research, antibody responses were generated with 6 selected recombinant proteins and 68 overlapping peptides that completely covered SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) protein in 254 healthy volunteers vaccinated with BBIBP-CorV. As a result, antibody responses to the receptor binding domain (RBD), N, and non-structural protein 8 (NSP8) were induced following immunization by BBIBP-CorV. The antibody responses detected in donors after the 2nd dose vaccination can be maintained for about 6 months. Moreover, specific antibody levels can be restored after the boosting vaccination measured by ELISA. Furthermore, the level of SARS-CoV-2 specific IgG response is independent of age and gender. Moreover, N391-408 was identified as a dominant peptide after vaccination of BBIBP-CorV through peptide screening. Understanding the overview of humoral reactivity of the vaccine will contribute to further research on the protective mechanism of the SARS-CoV-2 inactivated vaccine and provide potential biomarkers for the related application of inactivated vaccine.

11.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36446403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whole-grain (WG) foods are defined by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA), FDA, AHA, American Association of Cereal Chemists International (AACCI), and Whole Grains Council (WGC) in different ways with diverse focuses on grain components only, whole foods, or nutrient contents. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare estimated WG food intake among US adults using different definitions. METHODS: For each definition, we estimated the mean intake and trends of WG food consumption using survey-weighted 24-h dietary recalls from nationally representative samples of 39,755 US adults aged 20+ y from 8 cycles (2003-2018) of the NHANES. This is an observational study that used deidentified and publicly available datasets. RESULTS: The estimated mean consumption of WG foods (ounces equivalents/2000 kcal/d, oz. eq./d) varied by definition. In 2017-2018, the AHA (mean [SEM]: 1.05 [0.07] oz. eq./d) and WGC (0.95 [0.07]) definitions yielded the highest amounts, followed by the DGA (0.81 [0.06]), AACCI (0.73 [0.05]), and FDA (0.53 [0.04]). Using all definitions except for WGC, US adults increased WG food intake from 2003-2004 to 2017-2018 with the largest increase (61.5%) using the AHA (from 0.65 to 1.05 oz. eq./d), followed by DGA (0.50 to 0.81) and AACCI (0.51 to 0.73) definitions. For each definition, the main sources of WG foods consumed by US adults were ready-to-eat cereals, cooked grains and cereals, and breads (including rolls and tortillas). For all definitions except the AHA, non-Hispanic White adults and individuals with college degrees or above consumed higher levels of WG foods than non-Hispanic Blacks and those with lower levels of education. CONCLUSIONS: Different definitions affect the determination of WG foods, estimated intakes, and associated trends in WG food consumption among US adults. These findings call for a standardized definition of WG foods to guide consumers, industry, and policymakers in promoting WG intake in the US.Clinical Trial Registration: Not Applicable.

12.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 1012508, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387862

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent joint disease characterized by degradation of articular cartilage, inflammation, and changes in periarticular and subchondral bone of joints. Osteoporosis (OP) is another systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and bone mineral density (BMD) accompanied by microarchitectural deterioration in bone tissue and increased bone fragility and fracture risk. Both OA and OP are mainly affected on the elderly people. Recent studies have shown that osteopontin (OPN) plays a vital role in bone metabolism and homeostasis. OPN involves these biological activities through participating in the proliferation, migration, differentiation, and adhesion of several bone-related cells, including chondrocytes, synoviocytes, osteoclasts, osteoblasts, and marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). OPN has been demonstrated to be closely related to the occurrence and development of many bone-related diseases, such as OA and OP. This review summarizes the role of OPN in regulating inflammation activity and bone metabolism in OA and OP. Furthermore, some drugs that targeted OPN to treat OA and OP are also summarized in the review. However, the complex mechanism of OPN in regulating OA and OP is not fully elucidated, which drives us to explore the depth effect of OPN on these two bone diseases.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Osteoartrite , Osteoporose , Humanos , Idoso , Osteopontina/metabolismo , Osteoporose/etiologia , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/complicações , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(21)2022 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361605

RESUMO

ATP-dependent chromatin-remodeling complexes can reorganize and remodel chromatin and thereby act as important regulator in various cellular processes. Based on considerable studies over the past two decades, it has been confirmed that the abnormal function of chromatin remodeling plays a pivotal role in genome reprogramming for oncogenesis in cancer development and/or resistance to cancer therapy. Recently, exciting progress has been made in the identification of genetic alteration in the genes encoding the chromatin-remodeling complexes associated with tumorigenesis, as well as in our understanding of chromatin-remodeling mechanisms in cancer biology. Here, we present preclinical evidence explaining the signaling mechanisms involving the chromatin-remodeling misregulation-induced cancer cellular processes, including DNA damage signaling, metastasis, angiogenesis, immune signaling, etc. However, even though the cumulative evidence in this field provides promising emerging molecules for therapeutic explorations in cancer, more research is needed to assess the clinical roles of these genetic cancer targets.


Assuntos
Montagem e Desmontagem da Cromatina , Neoplasias , Humanos , Cromatina/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Dano ao DNA , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética
14.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 8(11)2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36422022

RESUMO

Photosynthesis is essential for the growth of all green plants, and the presence of an Epichloë endophyte enhances the photosynthesis of Achnatherum inebrians (drunken horse grass, DHG), including when it is under attack by fungal pathogens. However, few studies have examined the mechanism of the increased photosynthetic activity at the molecular level of A. inebrians when it is under pathogen stress. The present study investigated the effects of the presence of the Epichloë endophyte on the net photosynthetic rate, intercellular CO2 concentration, stomatal conductance, and transpiration rate of DHG plants under a Blumeria graminis infection condition, and we compared the transcriptomes using RNA sequencing. The results showed that the photosynthetic rate of Epichloë endophyte-infected (E+) plants was higher under the B. graminis infection condition, and also without this pathogen, when it was compared with Epichloë endophyte-free (E-) plants. The E+ plants uninfected with B. graminis had 15 up-regulated unigenes that are involved in photosynthesis which were compared to the E- plants that were uninfected with this pathogen. This suggests that the presence of an Epichloë endophyte up-regulates the genes that are involved in the process of photosynthesis.

15.
Stroke ; 53(12): e507-e511, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36321457

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The immune response to acute cerebral ischemia is a major factor in stroke pathobiology. Circadian biology modulates some aspects of immune response. The goal of this study is to compare key parameters of immune response during the active/awake phase versus inactive/sleep phase in a mouse model of transient focal cerebral ischemia. METHODS: Mice were housed in normal or reversed light cycle rooms for 3 weeks, and then they were blindly subjected to transient focal cerebral ischemia. Flow cytometry was used to examine immune responses in blood, spleen, and brain at 3 days after ischemic onset. RESULTS: In blood, there were higher levels of circulating T cells in mice subjected to focal ischemia during zeitgeber time (ZT)1-3 (inactive or sleep phase) versus ZT13-15 mice (active or awake phase). In the spleen, organ weight and immune cell numbers were lower in ZT1-3 versus ZT13-15 mice. Consistent with these results, there was an increased infiltration of activated T cells into brain at ZT1-3 compared with ZT13-15. CONCLUSIONS: This proof-of-concept study indicates that there are significant diurnal effects on the immune response after focal cerebral ischemia in mice. Hence, therapeutic strategies focused on immune targets should be reassessed to account for the effects of diurnal rhythms and circadian biology in nocturnal rodent models of stroke.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Animais , Camundongos , Baço , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Encéfalo , Infarto Cerebral , Isquemia , Imunidade
16.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 15(11)2022 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36355477

RESUMO

Thyroid eye disease (TED) is the most common orbital disease in adults. Targeting expanded orbital adipose tissue (OAT) removed by surgery has therapeutic potential. However, drugs targeting OAT are unavailable because of the lack of deciphering features of OAT. Here, we aimed to investigate the mechanism underlying OAT expansion and identify a drug targeting OAT in TED. We found an increasing number of adipocytes with smaller size in TED-derived OATs as compared with controls, indicating that hyperplasia rather than hypertrophy contributed to OAT enlargement in TED. Typically smaller-sized adipocytes in TED patient-derived OATs were noted to localize surrounding vessels. RNA sequencing revealed enriched vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) genes in adipocytes differentiated from preadipocytes of TED-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF). Similarly, OATs in patients with TED also expressed a higher level of VEGFR-1 and -2. We induced adipogenesis in TED-derived SVF with or without Lenvatinib, an FDA-approved small-molecule VEGFR inhibitor. Lenvatinib significantly suppressed lipid accumulation in a dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, our study revealed the potential anti-adipogenic effect of Lenvatinib on the OAT of TED-affected patients. In addition to proposing a drug for TED treatment, this study shows the therapeutic potential of anti-adipogenesis drugs targeting the VEGF pathway.

17.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(21)2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36365678

RESUMO

Sulfonated phenol-formaldehyde (SPF) resin used as a cross-linker for petroleum reservoir conformance control was synthesized under alkaline conditions. The reaction process of SPF resin was evaluated by measuring the solution's viscosity with respect to phenol-formaldehyde (PF) resin. The molecular structure of SPF resin was characterized by both FTIR and HPLC-MS/MS. The influence of the formaldehyde/phenol molar ratio (F/P) and the sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate/phenol molar ratio (S/P) on the properties of SPF were analyzed in terms of the storage time, coagulation value, molecular size, and zeta potential. The results indicate that the presence of formaldehyde sodium bisulfite could slow down condensation reaction. Phenol rings were connected by methylene bridges in the position of o-p, and sulfonated SPF resin molecules all had one sulfonate group on the oligomer structure. The storage time decreased from 87 to 6 days, and the zeta potential decreased from -3.02 to -7.70 mV with the increase in F/P (1.2-2.0). Meanwhile, the sedimentation value and the diameter increased from 3.291 × 104 to 5.045 × 104 mg/L and from 2.7 to 5.3 nm, respectively. Sulfonation could significantly increase the storage time and dispersion stability. With the increase in S/P (0.1-0.35), the storage time increased from 15 to 86 days, the sedimentation value increased from 1.927 × 104 to 5.269 × 104 mg/L, and the diameter decreased from 6.3 to 3.0 nm. This paper can present new ideas for improving the storage stability and salt tolerance of phenol-formaldehyde resin and further improving the range of its applications, which has essential reference significance.

18.
J Pers Med ; 12(11)2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36422098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Real-world data (RWD) privacy is an increasingly complex topic within the scope of personalized medicine, as it implicates several sources of data. OBJECTIVE: To assess how privacy-related experiences, when adjusted for age and education level, may shape adult research participants' willingness to share various sources of real-world data with researchers. METHODS: An electronic survey was conducted in April 2021 among adults (≥18 years of age) registered in ResearchMatch, a national health research registry. Descriptive analyses were conducted to assess survey participant demographics. Logistic regression was conducted to assess the association between participants' five distinct privacy-related experiences and their willingness to share each of the 19 data sources with researchers, adjusting for education level and age range. RESULTS: A total of 598 ResearchMatch adults were contacted and 402 completed the survey. Most respondents were over the age of 51 years (49% total) and held a master's or bachelor's degree (63% total). Over half of participants (54%) had their account accessed by someone without their permission. Almost half of participants (49%) reported the privacy of their personal information being violated. Analyses showed that, when adjusted for age range and education level, participants whose reputations were negatively affected as a result of information posted online were more likely to share electronic medical record data (OR = 2.074, 95% CI: 0.986-4.364) and genetic data (OR = 2.302, 95% CI: 0.894-5.93) versus those without this experience. Among participants who had an unpleasant experience as a result of giving out information online, those with some college/associates/trade school compared to those with a doctoral or other terminal degree were significantly more willing to share genetic data (OR = 1.064, 95% CI: 0.396-2.857). Across all privacy-related experiences, participants aged 18 to 30 were significantly more likely than those over 60 years to share music streaming data, ridesharing history data, and voting history data. Additionally, across all privacy-related experiences, those with a high school education were significantly more likely than those with a doctorate or other terminal degree to share credit card statement data. CONCLUSIONS: This study offers the first insights into how privacy-related experiences, adjusted for age range and education level, may shape ResearchMatch participants' willingness to share several sources of real-world data sources with precision medicine researchers. Future work should further explore these insights.

19.
Elife ; 112022 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36326232

RESUMO

Background: Sarcomas comprise approximately 1% of all human malignancies; treatment resistance is one of the major reasons for the poor prognosis of sarcomas. Accumulating evidence suggests that non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), including miRNAs, long ncRNAs, and circular RNAs, are important molecules involved in the crosstalk between resistance to chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and radiotherapy via various pathways. Methods: We searched the PubMed (MEDLINE) database for articles regarding sarcoma-associated ncRNAs from inception to August 17, 2022. Studies investigating the roles of host-derived miRNAs, long ncRNAs, and circular RNAs in sarcoma were included. Data relating to the roles of ncRNAs in therapeutic regulation and their applicability as biomarkers for predicting the therapeutic response of sarcomas were extracted. Two independent researchers assessed the quality of the studies using the Würzburg Methodological Quality Score (W-MeQS). Results: Observational studies revealed the ectopic expression of ncRNAs in sarcoma patients who had different responses to antitumor treatments. Experimental studies have confirmed crosstalk between cellular pathways pertinent to chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and radiotherapy resistance. Of the included studies, W-MeQS scores ranged from 3 to 10 (average score = 5.42). Of the 12 articles that investigated ncRNAs as biomarkers, none included a validation cohort. Selective reporting of the sensitivity, specificity, and receiver operating curves was common. Conclusions: Although ncRNAs appear to be good candidates as biomarkers for predicting treatment response and therapeutics for sarcoma, their differential expression across tissues complicates their application. Further research regarding their potential for inhibiting or activating these regulatory molecules to reverse treatment resistance may be useful. Funding: This study's literature retrieval was supported financially by the 345 Talent Project of Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University (M0949 to Tao Zhang).


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Sarcoma , Humanos , RNA Circular/genética , RNA não Traduzido/genética , Sarcoma/genética , Sarcoma/radioterapia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo
20.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 24(45): 27915-27922, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367389

RESUMO

Although the d-band correlations within metastable rare-earth ferrites (ReFe2O4) enable charge ordering transition functionalities beyond conventional semiconductors, their material synthesis yet requires a reducing atmosphere that is toxic and explosive. Herein, we demonstrate a reactive spark plasma sintering (RSPS) strategy to effectively synthesize metastable ReFe2O4 (Re = Er, Tm, Yb, Lu) simply in coarse vacuum within a greatly shortened reaction period. High flexibility is gained in adjusting their rare-earth composition and thereby the charge ordering transition temperature within 218-330 K. Assisted by the temperature-dependent near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) analysis, an elevation in the Fe3+/Fe2+ orbital configuration within ReFe2O4 was observed compared to previous reports, and it is consistent with their higher Mott temperature and activation energy observed in their electrical transportations. This work elucidates stabilization of the metastable phase (e.g., ReFe2O4) via the non-equilibrium processes of RSPS beyond the thermodynamic restrictions.

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