Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.697
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 302: 125337, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419770

RESUMO

The composition of volatile compounds in Korla fragrant pears was determined using headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis using fruits at 30, 90, and 150 days after bloom. Hexanal, (E)-2-hexenal, 1-hexanol, (E)-2-hexen-1-ol, (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol, and hexyl acetate were identified as the major compounds. The composition of volatile compounds was associated with fatty acid concentrations and key enzyme activity in the lipoxygenase pathway. In vitro linoleic and linolenic acid feeding experiments conducted using cubes of fruit flesh demonstrated that the concentrations of volatile esters, such as hexyl acetate, in the treated fruits increased significantly after incubation for 12 h compared with those in the control fruits, which was accompanied by a reduction in aldehyde and alcohol concentrations (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01). However, the treatments did not significantly influence the enzyme activity and expression of genes encoding the enzymes.

2.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 102: 103486, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473265

RESUMO

The complement system is a crucial component of the innate immune system that links innate and adaptive immunity. CL-11, a protein similar to Mannose-binding lectin (MBL), plays significant role in the innate immune system in mammals and fish, serving as an initiator of the lectin pathway of complement activation. In this study, a CL-11 homolog (TfCol-11) was identified in roughskin sculpin (Trachidermus fasciatus), and its expression and role in immune responses were characterized. The open reading frame of TfCol-11 is 795 bp long, encoding a 264 amino acid polypeptide. The deduced amino acid sequence of this protein is highly homologous to sequences in other teleosts, and is similar to vertebrate CL-11, containing a canonical collagen-like region, a carbohydrate recognition domain, and a neck region. Recombinant TfCol-11 purified from Escherichia coli(E.coli) was able to bind to different microbes in a Ca2+-independent manner. Meanwhile, a 993 bp-long of partial MASP cDNA with a 96 bp 5' untranslated region (UTR) was also cloned from roughskin sculpin, containing 299 amino acids and consisting of three domains (CUB-EGF-CUB). qRT-PCR indicated that TfCol-11 and MASP mRNAs were predominately co-expressed in the liver. The temporal expression of TfCol-11 and MASP were both drastically up-regulated in the liver, skin, and blood by LPS challenge. Recombinant TfCol-11 purified from E.coli BL21(DE3) was able to agglutinate some bacteria in a Ca2+-dependent manner. In addition, an in vitro pull-down experiment demonstrated that TfCol-11 was able to bind to MASP, and in vivo experiments showed that TfCol-11 was associated with increased membrane attack complex (MAC) levels. It is therefore possible that TfCol-11 may plays a role in activating the complement system and in the defense against invading microorganisms in roughskin sculpin.

3.
Vet Microbiol ; 237: 108418, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585637

RESUMO

The prevalence of Marek's disease (MD) caused by Gallid herpesvirus-2 (GaHV-2) has been increasing in chickens in China despite universal vaccination. Among the possible reasons for this trend, of Reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) contamination in vaccines could lead to co-infection and reduce the vaccine efficacy. Here, we report the epidemiological findings of our continuous surveillance of MD, and an examination of the effects of REV and/or GaHV-2 co-infection. A total of 1230 samples were collected between 2011 and 2015 from 305 flocks covering many of the chicken-raising regions of China. Among these, 606 samples were determined to be GaHV-2-positive, 13.0% of which were found to be co-infected with REV from 18.8% of the flocks. One GaHV-2 strain (HS/1412), a REV strain (HS/1412R), and a GaHV-2 and REV-co-infected strain (HS/1412 GR) were isolated from different chickens of a GaHV-2 and REV co-infected flock. Pathogenicity tests showed that HS/1412 and HS/1412 GR caused disease in all chickens and that HS/1412R induced morbidity in 84.6% of the infected chickens. HS/1412 GR induced 100% mortality and 76.9% tumor formation, which were significantly higher frequencies than those observed with strain HS/1412 (38.5% and 15.4%, respectively) and HS/1412R (0% and 0%). These results indicate that co-infection with GaHV-2 and REV might explain the persistent, sporadic outbreaks of neoplastic disease in some commercial flocks, resulting in a significant economic burden to the poultry industry of China.

4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(10): 1006-1009, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598947

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detect potential mutations of the coagulation factor Ⅶ (F7) gene in a pedigree affected with hereditary FⅦ deficiency and explore its molecular pathogenesis. METHODS: The FⅦ antigen (FⅦ:Ag) was analyzed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Prothrombin time (PT), FⅦ activity (FⅦ:C) and other coagulant parameters were quantified with an one-stage clotting assay. The F7 gene was amplified by PCR and sequenced. Mutational sites were confirmed by reverse sequencing. Impact of amino acid substitution was assessed using SIFT and PolyPhen-2 software. Structure of the mutant protein was analyzed using Swiss-pdb Viewer software based on the three-dimensional structure in the Protein Data Bank. RESULTS: The propositus had prolonged PT (36.3 s), with FⅦ:C and FⅦ:Ag significantly reduced to 2% and 44%, respectively. Her father, mother, younger sister and daughter had slightly prolonged PT and reduced FⅦ:C (86%-120%). The FⅦ:Ag of her father and younger sister were also reduced. DNA sequencing revealed that the propositus has carried compound heterozygous mutations (Lys341Glu and IVS6-1G>A) of the F7 gene. Her father and younger sister were heterozygous for the IVS6-1G>A mutation, while her mother and daughter were heterozygous for the Lys341Glu mutation. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that Lys341Glu mutation may affect the stability and function of the FⅦ protein. CONCLUSION: The Lys341Glu and IVS6-1G>A mutations probably underlie the reduced activity of FⅦ in this pedigree.

5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 112260, 2019 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577937

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Scutellaria barbata D. Don (S. barbata) is a well-known perennial herb that is used in traditional Chinese and Korean medicine. In China, it is known as Ban Zhi Lian, while in Korea, it is known as Banjiryun. In the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) system, S. barbata has heat-clearing and detoxifying properties (Qingre Jiedu in Chinese). AIM OF THE REVIEW: To provide a systematic review on current multifaceted understanding of S. barbata, with particular emphasis on the correlation between its traditional applications and pharmacological activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All available S. barbata-related information from internet databases, including PubMed, Science Direct, Elsevier, China National Knowledge Internet, and Google Scholar (up to October 2018) were searched. Additional information was gathered from classical books on Chinese Herbals, Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and so on. RESULTS: In the TCM system, S. barbata is mainly prescribed for its heat-clearing and detoxifying effects. More than 203 compounds have been isolated and identified from this herb, with neo-clerodane diterpenoids and flavonoids as the main compounds. Most neo-clerodanes have been demonstrated to have cytotoxic effects against different cancer cell types in vitro. The S. barbata extracts exhibited anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, antitumor, and other pharmacological activities. To add, flavonoids, including wogonin, baicalein, apigenin, naringenin, and scutellarin, were identified as the key to quality control. CONCLUSIONS: The heat-clearing effects of S. barbata could be attributed to its anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective activities, whereas its detoxifying effects might be due to the anti-microbial functions of neo-clerodane diterpenoids and flavones. S. barbata may display anti-tumor effects and through active ingredient analysis, neo-clerodane diterpenoids are suggested to be its representative compounds. Overall, many pre-clinical studies have been conducted but very little concrete evidences are available on its specific effects, which are of therapeutic relevance.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578871

RESUMO

AIMS: Vascular calcification (VC) is a hallmark feature of cardiovascular disease and a significant risk factor for morbidity and mortality. Salusin-ß exerts cardiovascular regulating effects in hypertension, atherosclerosis and diabetes. The present study was designed to examine the roles of salusin-ß in the progression of VC and its downstream signaling mechanisms. RESULTS: Salusin-ß expression in both the aortas of VC rats induced by vitamin D3 and nicotine and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) incubated with calcifying media was increased. Salusin-ß knockdown remarkably reduced VC, while overexpression of salusin-ß exacerbated VC both in vitro and in vivo. Overexpression of salusin-ß promoted the VSMC osteochondrogenic transition, decreased Klotho protein levels, enhanced Rac1 activity and the translocation of p47phox to the membrane, increased expression of NAD(P)H oxidase subunits and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) with or without calcifying media, however, salusin-ß deficiency played the opposite roles. The calcification and downregulated Klotho protein levels induced by salusin-ß were restored by ROS scavenger NAC, DPI (an inhibitor of flavin-containing enzyme, including NAD(P)H oxidase), or gene knockdown of NOX-2, p22phox or p47phox, but were not affected by NOX-1 and NOX-4 knockdown. Klotho knockdown attenuated the protective effect of salusin-ß deficiency on VSMC calcification. By contrast, exogenous Klotho ameliorated the development of VC and ROS generation induced by salusin-ß overexpression. INNOVATION: Salusin-ß is a critical modulator in vascular calcification. CONCLUSION: Salusin-ß regulates VC through activation of NAD(P)H/ROS mediated Klotho downregulation, suggesting that salusin-ß may be a novel target for treatment of VC.

7.
Org Lett ; 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580689

RESUMO

A novel copper-catalyzed oxidative formal [3 + 2] annulations of ketoxime acetates and tetrohydroisoquinolines for the synthesis of fused pyrazoles and imidazoles has been developed. A broad range of important isoquinoline-fused pyrazole and imidazole products were selectively generated by the key control of oxidant.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584315

RESUMO

Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is associated with the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). The role of local inflammation in persistent AF is unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between regional interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and persistent AF. Thirty-seven persistent AF patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting surgery were enrolled. Patients without a history of AF (n = 37), but received the same surgery matched by age, gender, and body mass index, were enrolled in the control group. EAT thickness was measured by echocardiography. We obtained blood and EAT samples at open-heart surgery. In each patient, serum and EAT levels of IL-1ß and adiponectin were measured. The EAT thickness in patients with persistent AF was significantly greater than that in the control group (5.6 ± 1.1 versus 5.0 ± 1.3 mm, P = 0.02). The mRNA level of IL-1ß was higher in persistent AF group than the control group (4.94 ± 1.69 versus 2.93 ± 0.91, P < 0.01). Adiponectin expression decreased in persistent AF patients (7.04 ± 2.21 versus 8.63 ± 2.95, P = 0.01). There were no significant differences in plasma levels of IL-1ß and adiponectin between the 2 groups. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that IL-1ß was an independent risk factor of persistent AF. These findings suggested that regional IL-1ß in EAT was an independent risk factor of persistent AF, which may promote the persistence of AF.

9.
Environ Pollut ; 255(Pt 2): 113329, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600704

RESUMO

Transcription factors including pregnane X receptor (Pxr) and nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) are important modulators of Adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette (ABC) transporters in mammalian cells. However, whether such modulation is conserved in zebrafish embryos remains largely unknown. In this manuscript, pxr- and nrf2-deficient models were constructed with CRISPR/Cas9 system, to evaluate the individual function of Pxr and Nrf2 in the regulation of ABC transporters and detoxification of heavy metal ions like Cd2+ and Ag+. As a result, both Cd2+ and Ag+ conferred extensive interactions with ABC transporters in wild type (WT) embryos: their accumulation and toxicity were affected by the activity of ABC transporters, and they significantly induced the mRNA expressions of ABC transporters. These induction effects were reduced by the mutation of pxr and nrf2, but elevations in the basal expression of ABC transporters compensated for the loss of their inducibility. This could be an explanation for remaining transporter function in both mutant models as well as the unaltered toxicity of metal ions in pxr-deficient embryos. However, mutation of nrf2 disrupted the production of glutathione (GSH), resulting in the enhanced toxicity of Cd2+/Ag+ in zebrafish embryos. In addition, elevated expressions of other transcription factors like aryl hydrocarbon receptor (ahr) 1b, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (ppar)-ß, and nrf2 were found in pxr-deficient models without any treatment, while enhanced induction of ahr1b, ppar-ß and pxr could only be seen in nrf2-deficient embryos after the treatment of metal ions, indicating different compensation phenomena for the absence of transcription factors. After all, pxr-deficient and nrf2-deficient zebrafish embryos are useful tools in the functional investigation of Pxr and Nrf2 in the early life stages of aquatic organisms. However, the compensatory mechanisms should be taken into consideration when interpreting the results and need in-depth investigations.

10.
J Autoimmun ; : 102336, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601476

RESUMO

Excessive inflammatory cytokines play crucial roles in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that pentaxin 3 (PTX3), an essential component of innate immunity, was elevated in RA and preferentially bound to CD14+ monocytes. C1q promoted the binding and resulted in increased cell proliferation, activation and caspase-1-related late apoptotic cells (7-AAD+annexin V+), as well as enhanced release of inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6. Serum from RA patients, compared with healthy controls, induced gasdermin D (GSDMD)-dependent pyroptosis in monocytes, and this ability was associated with disease activity. Moreover, PTX3 synergized with C1q to promote pyroptosis in RA-serum pre-incubated monocytes by coordinately enhancing NLRP3 inflammasome over-activation and inducing GSDMD cleavage, cell swelling with large bubbles, caspase-1-dependent cell death and inflammatory cytokine release including IL-6. On the other hand, IL-6 promoted PTX3 plus C1q-induced pyroptosis in both normal and RA serum pre-incubated monocytes. These findings collectively implicated an important role of IL-6 in driving PTX3 plus C1q-mediated pyroptosis in RA and shed lights on a potential new treatment strategy targeting pyroptosis-mediated persistent inflammatory cytokine release.

11.
Org Lett ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603338

RESUMO

A copper-catalyzed oxidative cyclization of oxime, arylthiol, and trifluoroacetic anhydride for the construction of trisubstituted oxazoles has been developed. This transformation combines N-O bond cleavage, C-H functionalization, and intramolecular annulation, providing a practical protocol for the introduction of a trifluoromethyl (-CF3) group at oxazole rings.

12.
J Nat Prod ; 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577436

RESUMO

In our continuing search for novel natural products with antiplasmodial activity, an extract of Aniba citrifolia was found to have good activity, with an IC50 value less than 1.25 µg/mL. After bioassay-directed fractionation, the known indolizinium alkaloid anibamine (1) and the new indolizinium alkaloid anibamine B (2) were isolated as the major bioactive constituents, with antiplasmodial IC50 values of 0.170 and 0.244 µM against the drug-resistant Dd2 strain of Plasmodium falciparum. The new coumarin anibomarin A (3), the new norneolignan anibignan A (5), and six known neolignans (7-12) were also obtained. The structures of all the isolated compounds were determined based on analyses of 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic and mass spectrometric data, and the absolute configuration of anibignan A (5) was assigned from its ECD spectrum. Evaluation of a library of 28 anibamine analogues (13-40) indicated that quaternary charged analogues had IC50 values as low as 58 nM, while uncharged analogues were inactive or significantly less active. Assessment of the potential effects of anibamine and its analogues on the intraerythrocytic stages and morphological development of P. falciparum revealed substantial activity against ring stages for compounds with two C-10 side chains, while those with only one C-10 side chain exhibited substantial activity against trophozoite stages, suggesting different mechanisms of action.

13.
Epigenetics ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595832

RESUMO

Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription-3 (STAT3), a potent oncogenic transcription factor, is constitutively activated in lung cancer, but mutations in pathway genes are infrequent. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Receptor-T (PTPRT) is an endogenous inhibitor of STAT3 and PTPRT loss-of-function represents one potential mechanism of STAT3 hyperactivation as observed in other malignancies. We determined the role of PTPRT promoter methylation and sensitivity to STAT3 pathway inhibitors in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). TCGA and Pittsburgh lung cancer cohort methylation data revealed hypermethylation of PTPRT associated with diminished mRNA expression in a subset of NSCLC patients. We report frequent hypermethylation of the PTPRT promoter which correlates with transcriptional silencing of PTPRT and increased STAT3 phosphorylation (Y705) as determined by methylation-specific PCR (MSP) and real time quantitative reverse transcription (RT)-PCR in NSCLC cell lines. Silencing of PTPRT using siRNA in H520 lung cancer cell line resulted in increased pSTAT3Tyr705 and upregulation of STAT3 target genes such as Cyclin D1 and Bcl-XL expression. We show this association of PRPRT methylation with upregulation of the STAT3 target genes Cyclin D1 and Bcl-XL in patient derived lung tumor samples. We further demonstrate that PTPRT promoter methylation associated with different levels of pSTAT3Ty705 in lung cancer cell lines had selective sensitivity to STAT3 pathway small molecule inhibitors (SID 864669 and SID 4248543). Our data strongly suggest that silencing of PTPRT by promoter hypermethylation is an important mechanism of STAT3 hyperactivation and targeting STAT3 may be an effective approach for the development of new lung cancer therapeutics.

14.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595941

RESUMO

A 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of 2-methylquinoline, tert-butyl nitrite (TBN) and alkynes or alkenes for the synthesis of biheteroaryls containing both isoxazoline/isoxazole and quinoline motifs has been developed. In this protocol, TBN serves as a convenient N-O source to convert 2-methylquinoline into intermediate nitrile oxides in situ.

15.
Biomater Sci ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596283

RESUMO

In view of the inherent defects of traditional syringe anesthesia (pain, inaccurate anesthesia area, swelling after injection, slow recovery etc.), this article proposed a new anesthesia system based on microneedles and a hydrogel. After loading with AuNPs, a sticky PDA-PAM-AuNP hydrogel with near-infrared (NIR) light response properties was prepared here. After using microneedles (to open the skin of the target anesthesia area), a hydrogel patch embedded with a medical anesthetic soaked sponge was pasted to realize local painless anesthesia. The effects of anesthesia can also be modulated by external NIR. Compared to traditional syringe anesthesia, this hydrogel + microneedle method resulted in reduced pain, higher anesthetic accuracy and faster recovery, making it a promising local anesthesia alternative in clinical applications.

16.
Org Lett ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596598

RESUMO

A regioselective radical hydroboration of gem-difluoroalkenes was developed for the synthesis of α-difluoroalkylborons. The reaction features excellent regioselectivity, broad substrate scope, and good functional group capability. DFT calculations implicated the remarkable α-selectivity was driven from the kinetically and thermodynamically more favorable α-addition step. The resulting α-difluoroalkylborons could be readily converted into NHC-borane-tethered monofluoroalkenes, which demonstrated unique reactivity and applicability in the synthesis of monofluoroalkene derivatives through transformations of the boron unit.

17.
PLoS One ; 14(9): e0223231, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cinobufacini, the sterilized hot water extraction of dried toad skin, has been widely used in the treatment of inflammation and cancers. Recently we found cinobufacini could ameliorate dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice, but the underlying mechanism was not fully understood. In current study, we explored the effect of cinobufacini on gut microbiota in DSS-induced acute colitic mouse model by pyrosequencing of colonic contents. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were supplied with normal or 3.0% DSS containing drinking water. DSS-treat mice were gavaged daily either with vehicle (water) or cinobufacini (10.0 or 30.0 mg/kg) for 7 days. The composition of the gut microbiota was assessed by analyzing 16S rRNA gene sequences. RESULTS: Our data indicated that cinobufacini reversed DSS-induced gut dysbiosis and enhanced intestinal barrier integrity. Moreover, changing of some specific microbial groups such as Proteobacteria and Bacteroides was closely correlated with the re-establishment of intestinal equilibrium and the recovery of intestinal function. CONCLUSION: Cinobufacini prevents colitis in mice by modifying the composition and function of gut microbiota. The current study provides additional mechanistic insight in the therapeutic effect of cinobufacini treatment and may pave the way for clinical application of cinobufacini in colitis therapy.

18.
Lab Invest ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570771

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are one of the most common mesenchymal tumor types and usually contain KIT or PDGFRA mutations. GISTs with concomitant low- and high-grade components are seen in clinical practice. Herein, we retrospectively analyzed the histological characteristics and immunohistochemical results of 22 GIST cases with concomitant low- and high-grade tumors. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed on ten pairs of high-grade GIST specimens and matched low-grade samples. Differential oncogenes mutated only in high-grade GISTs were identified, which were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Fluorescence in situ hybridization was employed to detect MYC copy number variation. High-grade GISTs were more likely to have lower CD34 expression and a higher Ki-67 proliferation index compared to the matched low-grade tumors. WES identified 30 differential cancer-associated genes mutated only in high-grade GISTs; Sanger sequencing confirmed ten relevant differential oncogenic mutations in nine genes (MGA, ARID1A, LATS2, MAX, PIK3CA, RB1, RPS6KB2, SDHA, and SETD2). Two patients had MGA mutations, whereas other gene mutations occurred in only one patient. Most of the differential cancer-associated genes are mainly involved in cell cycle control. MYC copy number gain was a common genetic variation. High-grade GISTs revealed more MYC copy number gains than matched low-grade tumors, and low-grade GISTs with coexisting high-grade components showed more MYC copy number gains than pure low-grade GISTs. Moreover, MYC copy number gain was positively correlated with the mitotic index and Ki-67 proliferation index. Alterations in cell cycle regulation-associated genes, such as genetic mutations and MYC copy number gain, may promote primary progression from low-grade GISTs to high-grade tumors by regulating tumor cell proliferation.

19.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(10): 105701, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573294

RESUMO

Relaxation processes significantly influence the properties of glass materials. However, understanding their specific origins is difficult; even more challenging is to forecast them theoretically. In this study, using microseconds molecular dynamics simulations together with an accurate many-body interaction potential, we predict that an Al_{90}Sm_{10} metallic glass would have complex relaxation behaviors: In addition to the main (α) relaxation, the glass (i) shows a pronounced secondary (ß) relaxation at cryogenic temperatures and (ii) exhibits an anomalous relaxation process (α_{2}) accompanying α relaxation. Both of the predictions are verified by experiments. Computational simulations reveal the microscopic origins of relaxation processes: while the pronounced ß relaxation is attributed to the abundance of stringlike cooperative atomic rearrangements, the anomalous α_{2} process is found to correlate with the decoupling of the faster motions of Al with slower Sm atoms. The combination of simulations and experiments represents a first glimpse of what may become a predictive routine and integral step for glass physics.

20.
Yi Chuan ; 41(9): 883-892, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549686

RESUMO

Metabolomics (defined as comprehensive small molecule chemical analysis), together with genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and phenomics, now plays a fundamental role in system biological studies. Chromatography- mass spectrometry machines, which have the characteristics of high resolution and high sensitivity, are widely used for metabolomics analysis, both qualitatively and quantitatively. With the fast development of the chromatography-mass spectrometry technology, metabolomics analysis has been successfully applied in various biological research fields. Here, we introduce the different chromatography-mass spectrum machines used for metabolomics analysis and their applications to various biological issues by mainly using the metabolomics platform in Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology as a case study.


Assuntos
Metabolômica/instrumentação , Metabolômica/tendências , Cromatografia , Genômica , Espectrometria de Massas , Proteômica
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA